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O R 

Hiftory of England, 

From the earlieft TIMES, 

T O T H E 

Reftoration of King CHARLES II. 


From the RECORDS, the ROLLS of Parliament, the JOURNALS 
of both Houfes, the Public LIBRARIES, Original MANU- 
SCRIPTS, fcarce SPEECHES, and TRACTS ; all compared with 
the feveral Contemporary Writers, and connected, through- 
out, with the Hiftory of the Times. 




From July i, 1646, to June 22, 1647. 

L O N D O A r , 

Printed for J. and R. TON SON, and A. MILLAR, in the 
Strand - t and W. S A N D B Y, in Fleet-Jlreet* 






O F 


HE Month of July 1646 begins An. 21 Car. I 

with a moft remarkable Inftance of 
the ftrange Viciffitude of human 
Actions in the Perfon of Archbi- 
fhop Wiuiams, a Prelate who has. 
borne a diftinguifhed Part in this. 
Hiftory. On the Removal of the 
Lord-Chancellor Bacon for Bribery and Corrup- 
tion, he was promoted to the High 'Office of Lord- 
Keeper of the Great Seal by King James(a). In this 
Station he appeared a ftrenuous Supporter of the 
Prerogative, zealoufly attached to the King's great 
Favourite Buckingham^ and apologizing for his Ma-' 
jefty's relaxing the Execution of the Laws againft 
Recufancy (b] ; a few Years after fallen into fuch 
Difgraceat Court, thro' the Intrigues of Archbifhop 
Laud, as to be, for feme Time, refufed his Writ of 
Summons to the Parliament which met in tebru- 
- VOL. XV. A ary, 

() In July 1621, being then only Dean of V, flit!.' 

the next Month nominated to the Bifhoprick of Linteln, 

(i) Jnour 5th and 6th Ydiumes, faffim. 

but ia 



2 72* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12 Car. j. ar y t 1625. In 1637, fined io,oco/. imprifoned 
t * . in the Tower during the King's Pleafure, and fuf- 
Jul/. pended from all his Dignities and Offices by the 
High Commiflion Court [d] : But upon a new Turn 
in Politicks, tranflated to the Archbifhoprick of York 
upon the Death of Dr. Neile, in December 1641, 
Here we find him acling the Cafuift in the Cafe of 
the Earl of Stratford^ advifmg King Charles to diftin- 
guifh between a private Confcience and a public 
Confcicnce (*) ; and when the Temporal Power of 
the Clergy was attack'd, exerting himfelf as their 
moft remarkable Advocate ; difplaying great Force 
of Learning and Oratory in Vindication of their 
Claims (f) : But now Temporibus mutatis, taking up 
Arms in favour of that Parliament who had not 
only fet afide the very Order of Epifcopacy, but, 
the more effedtualy to eftablifh their Form of 
Presbyterian Church-Government, were, at that 
Time, framing an Ordinance for felling the Lands 
of the Bimops, Deans and Chapters, throughout 
the Kingdom. 

The laft Particular in the Conduct of this Great 
Man has been much palliated, and almoft even de- 
nied, by the Authors of his Life (g], though pofi- 
tively aflerted by all the Contemporary Writers (h] : 
But a Letter read intheHoufe of Lords, the fecond 
of this Month,, from Colonel Mitton, andfomeo- 
thers that follow in the Courfe of this Work, will 
put this Affair out of Difpute for the future. 

Carnarvon, June 15, 1646. 

[Aving, by the Help of Godj reduced unto 
c J. J. your Obedience this rocky r.nd mountain- 
' ous Country, Carnarvorfiire, in Nwtb Wales 9 

* fituated towards Ireland (one fm?ll Town there- 

* inexceptcd, which yet is block'd up) and that irt 

* a fhort 

(d) Rujbttortbi Vol. II. p. 416, & feet 

{t\ In our gth Volume, p. 270. (f) Ibid* p. 294* 

fjf ) Bifliop A.Tf^e.'and Mr. drr.brofc V/iftitms. 

(bj Weit/Kk-i Mfmanatt,;. zc.'t. T 1 . I\vt, No. T.,?., p. 7 2 5* 
No. 147, p. 8. The Mcdtr&.e h:'.... .... ; - Aitr* 

(uriut Rnj)icui t Jtftii fj t 1646. P.s.j7.<xtr:i>t Vol. Vi. p. c.; . 


a (hort Time, and with fmall Forces, the Bar- An. 22 Car. I. 
rennefs of the Country beinj no ways able to t ^V ' t 
maintain or nourifh any great Army: I held it j u i yi 
befitting that Ingenuity which the Parliament 
ufeth to cherifh in all their Servants, to reprefent 
unto your Honours, amongft many others, one 
Perfon efpecially by whom I have been much en- 
couraged and afiifted, from Time to Time, in all 
Services: It is the Archbifhop of TorJc ; who, be- 
hdes his Parts, Learning and Experience, (which, 
are known, I fuppofe, tomoftof your Honours) is 
of thofe Means, Power, Kindred and Alliance 
in thefe Parts, as I muft profefs that his Afliir- 
ance in feveral Ways (being invited by me to put 
himfelf upon the Favour of the Parliament) hath 
been very advantageous and effectual in this Re- 
duction of thefe ftrong Towns and mountainous 
Countries unto their due Obedience. I was at 
firft put into the Hopes of gaining his Furtherance 
in this Work, becaufe I received it from all 
Hands, thatthe Archbifhop, ever fmce his coming 
to Wales, did employ himfelf rather in defending 
of his native Country froin the Violence and In- 
curfions of the Commanders in Chief and Soldiers 
under the King, (who accordingly bear him 
much Rancour and Malice to this Day for fuch 
Endeavours) than in actual oppoitns; the Defigns 
of the Parliament ; with which Invitation he 
very eafily complied, tho* towards the eleventh 
Hoar of the Day, yet upon the firft calling, as 
it were, and approaching of the Parliamentary 
Forces, unto thefe reincteft Parts of this King- 
dom ; and, beingcnce entered into the Vineyard, 
I muft do him that Right that he omitted no 
P^xpcnce, Coft, Travel, or Induftry to comply 
with the Parliament. 

* Thefe Services of this wife and grave Perfo- 
age, myfelf being unable to requite, I do hum- 
bly and moft earneftly recommend to your Ho- 
V.fpe& and Cor.fid^ration, who can beit 
- h, t a Man of his Parts, under fuch Obli- 
A 2 ' gutions 

4 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ia Car. I. < gations from your Honours and the Parliament, 
' may hereafter deferve, fo fhall your Honours 

July. ' w ^k nim > ver y mucrl cn g a g e 

I0r Honours mojl bumble and faithful Servant , 

P^ S. ' Since the writing of this Letter it hath 
' pleafed God, after fome Trouble, but without 
* Bloodmed, that the Ifle and County of dnglefey^ 
with the ftrong Caftle therein, is reduced unto 
the King and Parliament ; and in this Service 
my Lord of York had none of the leaft Part, be-* 
fides that his Lordfhip, whilft our Forces 'ex- 
pected other Employment, withdrew his own 
Men from his Houfe at Penryn ; and, with fome 
Addition of his Friends, hath laid a clofe Siege 
unto Cvnway Town and Caftle, and doth at this 
Inftant vigoroufly purfue it, which I thought 
myfelf bound to reprefent unto your Lordfhips 
for the Benefit and Advantage of that worthy 

This Letter being communicated to the Houfe 
of Commons the fame Day, they ordered their 
Speaker to return Col. Mltton Thanks for his good 
Services} and to let him know that they would 
alfo take the Services of the Archbifhop of York 
into Confideration as they fhould have Occafion. 

Order ofParlia- About the Beginning of this Month an Order 
jnent againft Pa- of both Houfes was made for all Papifts and Irijh 

pl l*'^"/-""? 6 ^' to be put out of the Lines of Communication, 
and Oxford Ca- , , , j . /"> i r L i \ j 

aJie, (then drawn round the City and Suburbs) and out 

of all Corporations. That thofe alfo who came 
from Oxford^ on the Rendition of that Place, of 
any of the King's Garrifons, mould be in their* 
Lodgings by nine o'Clock ; to make them mew 
their Pafles and difarm them ; and that they engage 
never to bear Arms againft the Parliament. This 
Order to be publifhed by Beat of Drum and Sound 
of Trumpet. 



Mr. JWritlocke makes this grave and juft Refleo An. 2* Car. I, 
tion on this Order: l64 - f - M 

c Thus we may fee, that, even after almoft a 
Omqueft, yet they apprehended no Safety; fuch 
are thellTues and Miferies of a Civil War, that the. 
Victories are full of Fears from thofethey have fub- 
dued. No Quiet, no Security. Oh let our Prayers 
be to God never to have fuch calamitous Times 

July 4. This Day Mr Alderman Foote, one of 
the Sheriffs of the City of London, accompanied 
with more of his Brethren and divers Common- 
Council Men, attended the Houfe of Lords with 
a Petition, in which was the Draught of another 
intended to be fent from the City to the King. 
Thefe Petitions contain many very remarkable Ex- 
preflions of Refpect from this Body Corporate to. 
his Majefty. And firft that to the Lords : 

To the Right Honourable the L O R D S ajfimlled in . 
the High Court of Parliament^ 

Tlie HUMBLE PETITION^ the Lord Mayor? 
Aldermeri^ and Commons of the City of London, 
in Common Council 

Humbly Jheweih^ 

* "~~M"* HAT having received the Honour from The city of Un- 

* JL his Majefty to be (by a particular Lettfer of d n dcfir e Lravr 
' the i 9 th of ^laft the Copy whereof re^^ 

* prclentcd to your L-ordmipsj alluiea or his Koyal the King. 
c Refolutions to comply with his Parliament fof 

' Settlement of Truth and Peace, the Petitioners 
' do conceive thcrnfelves obliged in Duty to make 

* fome Return thereto; and cfpecially to take this 
' Opportunity, when the Honourable Houfes are 
' preparing to difpatch fome Proportions to his 

* Majefty ; but the Petitioners could not prefume 

* to rcfolvc upon any fuch Addrefs before they had 
' received the Plcafurc of your Lordfhips thcreup- 
' on ; And therefore they humbly prefent unto your 

* Lordfhips the Draught of that Petition, which 

A 3 ' they 

*Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

they have prepared to be delivered to his Majefty* 
and humbly attend the Order of your Lordfhips 
j u iy. thereupon. 

And/hall duly pray, &c. 


Next was read the Draught of the City's Peti- 
tion to. the King. 

To the K i N G'S Moft Excellent Majefty, 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor + 
Aldermen, and Cwimons of the City of London, 
in Common Council affembled. 

* VT/E moft humbly acknowledge the fpecial 
W Grace and Favour of your Majefty, in 
condefcendingfo particularly to communicate un- 
to this City your royal and pious Refolutions to 
comply with your Houfes of Parliament, for fet- 
tling of of Truth and Peace in this diftrafled King- 
dom, fignified by your late gracious Letter of 
the jgth of May laft to the Rreprefentative Body 
thereof; in which, as the Petitioners cannot but 
fee the fpecial Hand of Almighty God, fo they 
muft, and do, from the Bottom of their Hearts, 
blefs his holy Name who at length hath opened 
fuch a Door of Hope, by inclining your Maje- 
fty 's Heart to look down upon the Afflictions of 
your People; and from thence take Comfort to 
themfelves that he will confirm and increafe thefe 
good Refolutions in your Majefty. 

' As for the City, the Petitioners efteem it their 
Duty now again, as they have formerly done, to 
declare unto your Royal Majefty and the whole 
World, That, according to their Proteftaticn and 
Covenant, they have always, and do ftill retain 
'the fame loyal Thoughts towards your Majefty as 
ever, and asbecameth Subjects to do, from which 
they (hall never recede. 

* And as, next unto the good Guidance of Al- 
mighty God, they do humbly commit and fub- 
mit the Means and Manner of their future Peace 
and Happinefs unto your Majefty's great and 

* faithful 


* faithful Council the two Houfes of Parliament, A n. 11 Car. j. 

' fo they (hall continue their inftant Prayers to the 

* Throne of all Grace, to difpofe your Majefty's 
' Royal Heart to comply with fuch Proportions as 

* from them (hall be prefented unto your Majefty, 
' for the Settlement of true Religion and Peace in 

* all your Kingdoms, and the Maintenance of the 
' Union between the two Nations ; and then the 
' Petitioners (hall not doubt but your Majefty 
' (which is their earneft Prayers) will, with Ho- 

* nour and Joy, return unto this your antient City ; 
e and that your Throne (hall, in you Royal Self 
' and your Pofterity, be eftabliflied in all your 
' Kingdoms, to the great Honour of your Majefty 

* and the Comfort of all your good Subjects, 
' amongft whom the Petitioners (hall always ftrive 
' to approve themfelves inferior to none in Loyalty 
' and Obedience,' 

The Lords, after reading the foregoing Peti- which the 
tions, order'd the Thanks of the ftoufe to be gi- Lords return 
ven to the Petitioners, and more particularly for . Thanki for, 
firft communicating to that Houfe what they in- 
tended to fend to the King. 

The fame Day both thefe Petitions were pre- 
fented to the Commons by Mr. Sheriff Ktnrick y 
but met with a quite different Reception : For the 
Speaker, by Command of that Houfe, told the 
Citizens, That hearing fome from the City were at 
the Door with a Petition, they were willing to call 
them in, but that it wa,s a Bufmefs which deferved 
great Confideration, and (hould be taken Notice 
of in convenient Time. Accordingly, a few Days 
after, the Members for the City of London were 
ordered to acquaint the Lord Mayor and Common P))t the 
Council, That they are, together with the whole rr. 
Kingdom, included in the Proportions to be now 
fent to the King; and that therefore the Commons 
could not approve of the City's fending any Peti- 
tion to his Majefty. 

Mr. Ludlow writes : That in the Debate on 
this Occahon, Mr. Henry Martin faid, That tho* 


8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 Ctr. I. he could not but agree with what had been affirm" 
t j6 ^- J cd touching the Citizens being involved in what 
jyj^ their Reprefentatives did, and their not fending 
Commifiioners as they defired ; yet, as to the 
Subftance of what they propofed, he could not fo 
much blame them as others had done; they there- 
in {hewing themfelves, in the End of the War, no 
lefs prudent than they had exprefied themfelves ho- 
neft in the Beginning : For as when the Parlia- 
ment invited them to ftand by them in the War 
againft the King, in Defence of their Religion, 
Lives, Liberties, and Eflates, they did it heartily, 
and therein {hewed themfelves good Chriftians 
and true Englishmen; fonow, the \Var being end- 
ed, and the Parliament upon making Terms with 
the King, and thinking fit to fue to him, now their 
Prifoncr, for Peace, whom they had all incenfed 
by their Refiftance, the Citizens, having confider- 
able Eftates to lofe, {hewed themfelves prudent 
Men, in endeavouring to procure their Pardons as 
well as others: And though the Houfe wi!l not 
permit them to fend as they defire, they have 
exprefled their Good-will, which, without L)oubt, 
will be well accepted (/).' 

"July 6. A Declaration of the Lord -General, and 
of the General Officers and Soldiers, of the Scott. 
Army at Neuicaflle^ fent to the Loids by the Com- 
miffioners of that Kingdom, was read ; which, 
with the Confequences, were in thefe Words: 

June t 26, 1646. 

' ChrifHan Blood occafioned by the Continuance 
' of this unnatural War, having fo deeply wounded 
6 us; and being earncftly defirou.s of giving fome 

* evident Teftimony of our Piety to God, Loyalty 

* to our Sovereign, and Love to thefe Kingdoms, 
' that the Conftancy of our Affection to this Caufe, 

* our Zeal to the Reformation of Religion, and his 

" * Majefty's 
(/) Memoirs, Vol. I . p. 182. 

ef E N GLAND. 9 

* Majefty's Perfon and Authority in Defence there- An. ai Car. I. 

' of, and our firm Refolutions to purfue the Ends ^ '' M 

* exprefled in our Solemn League and Covenant, j u j y> 
' may appear to the World, we have thought it 

' neceflary in this Juncture of Time, (when all 

* Means are effayed by the Enemies of Truth and 
' Peace to difparage our Proceedings, by rendering 
' fufpected our beft Adlions and Endeavours, to 
1 the begetting of Mifunderftanding, and weaken- 
' ing the Union between the two Kingdoms) to 

* declare and make known, That as we have en- 
' tered into a Solemn League and Covenant, with 

* our Hands lifted up unto the moft High God, 
' with real Intentions to promote the Ends thereof, 

* fo we do refolve, God willing, conftantly to ad- 
' here to the whole Heads and Articles of the fame ; 
' and for no earthly Tentation, for no Fear or 

* Hope to fall away and violate our facred Oath. 

' We do likevvife profefs, That nothing hath 
' been v.'ith greater Care and Faithfulnefs endea- 
' voured by us, than to preierve the happy Union 
' and brotherly Correfpondence between the King- 
' doms, as a principal Means of Happinefs to 

* both ; and (hall continue in the fame Care to 
4 avoid every Thing that may tend to the Infringe - 
' ment thereof, with a fpecial Regard and Ten- 

* dernefs to the Interefts of both Kingdoms: For 
' the ftrengthening of which Union, and removing 

* every Thing that might obftrucl the fame, as hi- 
' therto we have had no Compliance nor kept Cor- 
c refpondence with known Enemies and Malig- 
' nants, fo will we never hereafter give Counte- 
' nance or Encouragement to any Perlon difafFecl- 
6 ed to the Parliaments of either Kingdom. 

' And that the Integrity of our Intentions and 
' the Uprightnefs of our Defires may be more ma- 
' nifeft, we do declare, That we abhor all public 
' and private Ways contrary to the Covenant, and 
' deftrudtive to the Happinefs of both Kingdoms : 
' We difclaim all Dealing with thofe that are in- 

* ftruments of thefe unhappy Troubles and Impe- 

* diments of Peace; and with all fuch Perfons who 

' will 

I o c fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

will not ufe all Means and Endeavours, and con- 
tribute their beft Councils and Advice for hafting 
an End to our lading Miferies, and procuring a 
fureand well-grounded Peace: And, in particu- 
lar, we do abominate and deleft that execrable 
Rebellion of James Graham^ utterly abjuring all 
Manner of Conjunction with him and his Con- 
federates, and with all other known Enemies or 
declared Traitors to either Kingdom, notwith- 
ftandingof any Inilnuaticns to the contrary, ex- 
prefled in fome Letters, as it is faid, by his Ma- 
jefty to the Earl of Ormond^ in Ir eland (k] : For 
we have none but iingle Intentions and unfeigned 
Defires of Peace, renouncing all Communion 
with whatfoever Defigns and Practices, contri- 
ved in the Dark, to the Prejudice of Religion, 
and the Tranquillity of thefe Kingdoms, the only 
Principles by which we move. 
' And as we came into this Kingdom at the 
earnelt Defines of our Brethren, to aflift them in. 
the Time of their great Extremity, in purfuance 
of the National Covenant, not for any mercenary 
Ends, nor toemich ourfelves, as is falflyand ca- 
luminoufly charged upon us by thofe that wifli 
not well to us nor our Caufe; fo fhall we be moft 
willing to depart and return home in Peace, with 
the fame Chearfulnefs and Affection that we had 
when we came in : Nor {hall the Matter of Mo- 
ney, or want of juft Recompence for the Service 
performed, and Hardfhip fuitained, be to us an 
Argument of our Stay: But, leaving the Confide- 
ration of thefe Things to the Wifdom and Direc- 
tion of both Parliaments, we fhall fo far deny 
ourfelves as not to fuffer any private Refpe&s of 
our own to retard the Advancement of this Caufc, 
or prejudge the public Work of both Kingdoms. 
* We cannot conceal, but muft acknowledge, 
how fenfible we are and have always been, of 
the many Complaints prefented to the Parliament 
of England againft this Army, and the heavy 
Calumnies and A fperfions lying upon us for having 

(A) See this Letter in our i4th Volume p, 442, 

of E N G L A N D. ir 

committed Infolencies, and opprefled the People An. Car 
by taking free Quarter; offering ourfelves moft L l64 " 6 ' 
willing and ready, that whofoever amongft us j uj 
have by their Mifuemeanors, Miicarriages, or in- 
ordinate Way of walking, fcandalized the Caufe 
for which we have taken our Lives in our Hand, 
or endeavour to beget a Mifunderftanding, or fo- 
ment Jealoufies between the Kingdoms, we (hall 
ftrive to difcover all fuch, and labour to bring 
them to public Trial and condign Punifhment ; 
not doubting but as we are zealous to vindicate 
our Honour and Reputation from all Reproaches, 
fo the Parliament will likewife be pleafed to have 
fuch favourable Conftruclion of our Proceedings 
as not willingly to harbour any Thoughts which 
may leffen their Refpe&s to us, and which are 
not fuitable to the conftant Tenor of our Car- 
riage and Profeffion. 

* And we (hall likewife defire that our manifold 
Neceffities, and prefling Wants to which we were 
many Times reduced, may not be forgotten ; and 
that the Ways and Means appointed for our Supply- 
neither anfwered the Expectation of the Honour- 
able Houfes of Parliament, nor fatisfied our Ne- 
ceffities ; fo that for Want of Monies we could 
not always dif:harge our Quarters : Yet do we 
moft freely declare our Willingnefs to allow of 
whatfoever hath been taken up by us; and for 
that Effect we defire the Accounts of the Army 
to be adjufted with the feveral and refpeclive 
Counties, that whatever can be juftly charged 
upon us may be difcounted off any Sums that 
(hall be refting to us in Arrear. And if we knew 
any thing elfe that could ferve to remove all 
Jealoufies and Mifunderftandings, and beget a 
more full Confidence of our Uprightnefs, we 
fhould, with the fame Readinefs, apply ourfelves 
to all the Ways that might conduce thereunto. 
' But becaufe his Majefty's fudden and unex- 
pected Coming into this Army doth minifter new 
Occafion to us to give fome Demonftration of 
Our Conftancy, tho' we hope his Majefty came 

< with 



The Parliamentary HISTORY 

with real Intentions to fatisfy the juft Defires of 
his Parliaments, and compofe all thofe Differen- 
ces j yet, left it fhould bring in Queftion the 
Clearnefs and Integrity of our Ways, whereof 
our Conferences do bear us Witnefs, and all our 
Actions fhall be publick and real Tertimoniesj 
we do proteft that his Prefence with us hath not 
begotten any Alteration in our Minds in the lead 
Meafure to eftrange us from the Ways of our 
Covenant, or alienate our Refolutions from go- 
ing on 2/ealoufly, coriftantly, and unanimoufly 
to fet forward the Ends therein exprefled, endea- 
vouring (fo faraslieth in our Power) to improve 
that Providence of his coming to us, to the pub- 
lic Good 'and Happinefs of both Kingdoms. 
And as it is our earneft Defire that his Majefty 
would no more fuffer himfelf to be involved in the 
Counfels whereof he has had ib fad Experience, 
to the endangering of his Perfon, Poflerity, and 
Kingdoms; fo do we exceedingly wifli that he 
would comply with the Counfels of his Parlia- 
ments to the Satisfaction of his good People. 
And we (hall be careful that nothing proceed from 
us which may give Occafion to his Majefty to 
entertain any fecret Confidence that this Army 
will give Afliftance for advancing other Ends than 
fuch as are agreeable to our Covenant, conducing 
to the Good of Religion, the Happinefs of the 
King and his Pofterity, and Safety of the King- 
Signed by is Excellency the Earl of Leven, the 

General Officers, and three CommiJJloners from 

every Regiment of the Army. 

E T 1 T I o K of the Earl cf Leven, Lord- 
General, the General Officers, Colonels, Captains^ 
&c. of the Scots Army> prefinted to his Majefty 
at Newcaftle. 

'June 26, 164.6. 

And their Peti- c AT/E your Ma]eftv's loyal Subjects and faith- 

tion to tUKing. < VV ful Servants, 'the Lord-General, the Gc- 

, neral Officers, the Colonels and Captains in the 

A. Sc*tf 

of E N G L A N D. 1 

Scots Army, now in the Kingdom of England, An. at 
from the deep Senfe of the bleeding Condition of l6 * 6 
thcfe Kindoms, fo heavy prefled with fad Afflic- T^" 
tions thro' the unhappy Differences between your" 
Majefty and your Sujecls, from the true Affec- 
tion and Zeal to the Reformation of Religion, 
and your Majefty's Perfon and Authority in De- 
fence thereof; and in the Purfuance of that facred 
Oath which we have taken, with our Hands lifte'd 
up to the moft High God, do make our humble 
Addrefs, and tender this earneft Petition to your 
Majcfty in our Name, and in the Name of all 
the inferior Commanders and Soldiers under our 
Charge, that your Majefty, in your Wifdom and 
Goodnefs, maybe pleafed to take a fpeedy Courfe 
for fettling of Religion and Church-Government 
in this Kingdom, according to the Word of God 
and Examples of the beft Reformed Churches, 
and bringing the Churches of the three King- 
doms to the neareft Conjunction and Uniformity; 
and for eftablifliing the Privileges and Liberties 
of your Kingdoms according to the Dcfires of 
your good People. 

' We may not conceal our unfeigned Grief for 
that your Majefty hath not yet been pleafed to 
authorize and fign the Covenant, which we were 
confident would bring Honour to God, Happi- 
nefd to yourfelf and Pofterity, and endear yo'ur 
Majefty, above Meafure, to all your faithful 
and loyal Subjects: In the juft Defence whereof, 
as many of them have already loft their Lives, fo 
are we ready to facrifice ours. 
' We muft alfo pray your Majefty to compaf- 
fionate the diftrefled Condition of your King- 
doms, groaning under the heavy Prefiurcsof ma- 
nifold Calamities occafioned by the Continuance 
of this unnatural War; and to comply with the 
Councils of your Parliaments; that ali Differences 
being happily compofed, and the Armies in both 
Kingdoms difbanded, we may return home in 
Peace, or be difpofed of otherwife by your Ma- 
jefty, with the Advice of your Parliaments, which 

' may 

14 The Parliamentary H 1 s T o fc Y 

An. 22 Car. I. < may be moft for your Majefty's Honour artff 
. l6 * 6 ' J Service, and the Profperity of thefe Kingdoms. 
j u lj~ &jia/ by his Excellency the Earl of Leven, the 

General Officers, and three Commijjioners from 
every Regiment of the Army. 

To the foregoing Petition the Earl of Lanerk, 
by his Majefty's Command, returned this Anfwer : 

TAm, in his Majejly's Name, to return this Anfwer 
His Majefly's * to the Petition prejented to him by the Lord-Gene- 
ral > the Genera l Qffi cers > the Colonel*, and other Offi* 
cers and Soldiers cftbe Scots Army, That his Majejty 
came into the Scots Army with full Intent of fettling 
an happy Peace in thefe his Kingdoms, and to fatisfy 
the jujl Dejires of his good Subjects, and likewife 
to comply with the Parliaments in all Things which 
Jhall be for the Good of Religion and the Happinefs 
of his SubjeftS) which he will always prefer to all 
worldly Interefts. 

And whensoever it Jhall pleafe God fo to blefs hit 
Majefty's Endeavours as to fettle an happy Peace in 
thefe his Dominions, his Majejly will be very foli- 
citous to find out fame Means of honourable Employ-* 
ment for fo many gallant Men as are employed in 
this Army. 
, Newcaftfc, June 7 . 1646. L A N E R K. 

After many Months canvafilng the Propofitions 
to be fent to the King for a fafe and well-grounded 
The Proportions Peace, and after many Altercations, Meflages, Con* 
the fcine. " " ^ erences 5 Divifions in and between the two Houfes, 
and Confutations with the Scots Commiflioners a* 
tout them, they were at laft agreed to by all, and 
brought to a Conclufion. They were read this 
Day for the laft Time, and the Lords ordered that 
they (hould immediately be fent to the King, and 
deputed the Earls of Pembroke and Suffolk from 
their Houfe, joined with a proportionable 
Number of the Commons, to carry them. A 
Copy of which Propofitions will fall in the Sequel j 
for they were not yet fent away of fome Days. 

A par- 

Of E N G L A N D. 

A particular Letter to the King was alfo agreed An 
to, this Day, by both Houfes, That he would be t 
pleafed to give Command to the Earl of Ormond^ j u ] y 
for the delivering up of Dublin^ and all other Forts 
and Garrifons in Ireland. 

'July 7. A Letter from the Scots Commiffioners 
at Edinburgh was read, recommending Archibald. 
Marquis of Argyle to be one of the Commiffioners 
for the Church of Scotland^ at London^ to profe- 
cute the Treaty for Uniformity in Religion and 
Church-Government betwixt the two Kingdoms, 
in the room of Lord Balmerino, recall'd. Accord- 
ingly his Lordfoip, by Confent of both Houfes, 
was made one of the Aflembly of Divines, then 
fitting at JVcftminJler. 

The fame Day a Mefiage was brought from the 
Houfe of Commons, to fignify to the Lords, that, 
about the Beginning of 'June laft, the Commons, 
at a Conference, delivered to their Lordfhips a 
Vote> declaring, Thr.t this Kingdom had no far- 
ther Ufe for the Scots Army ; wherein they defired 
their Concurrence. That they now again defired 
it j and further to acquaint them, that the Com- 
mons of England were no longer able to bear that 
Burden, nor pay that Army, 

The Lords did not go immediately on this Af- 
fair, but ordered that, the next Morning, they 
would not only proceed upon it, but alfo on the 
difbanding all the Armies in the Kingdom; and the 
Peers were to have Notice to attend. Accordingly, 

July $. This Eufinefs was taken into Cor.fide- 
ration, but foon coiKlnded j for the Vote being 
again read, and a Debate arifing, the Queftiort 
was put, Wbethff it fhcuid be kid afitk tj!l fuch 
Time as this Houfe receive an Anfwcr from the 
Commifficners which arc to 2:0 io the King with 
the Fropofuions for Peace, after the Delivery of 
the Petitions ? and refulveti in the AJ^V mative. 

This Day, tlfo, ihe Comrnrns d> 'ivercu to the 
lords, at a Conference, a Cw^.y o; the Inft/uc- 


*The Parliamentary H i s f o R V 

I. tions which were to be given to the Commiflioners* 
mentioned above : Thele were ordered to be kept 
private, and are not printed with the Proportions^ 
but ftand thus in the Journals of both Houfes. 

INSTRUCTIONS of Icth Houfes of Parliament for 
Philip Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, 
James Earl of Suffolk, Sir Walter Erie, Knt> 
Sir John Hippefley, Knt. Robert Goodwin, Efq. 
Luke Robinfon, Efq. or any three of them, ap- 
pointed Committees of both Houfes of the Parlia- 
ment of England, to join with the Commissioners of 
the Kingdom of Scotland, to prefent to the King's 
Majejly the Proportions for a fafe and well* 
grounded Peace, and to receive his Majejly s An- 
fwer thereunto* 

C \7 OU > or an 7 three f y ou are for thwith to 
the Commiflion- e A repair to the Town of Newcajlle upon Tyne, 
ers appointed to c or to f uc h other Place within the Kingdom of 
*" ' England where his Majefty mail be, and there to 

* obferve the Inftrudlions following : 

' You, or any three of you, (hall there prefent 
c to the King, from the Lords and Commons af- 
' fembled in the Parliament of England, the Propo- 

* fitions herewith delivered unto you for a fafe and 
e well-grounded Peace, agreed upon by the two 
c Houfes of the Parliament of England, and by the 

* Commiffioners of the Kingdom of Scotland. 

' You, or any three of you, are to defire from 

* the King his pofitive Anfwer and Confent to the 

* faid Propofitions. 

' You are to return with all Diligence and Speed 
c to the Parliament at IVeftminfter, as foon as you 
' fhall have received the faid Anfwer from his Ma- 

* jefty. In Expectation of the faid Anfwer you are 

* not to make Stay at Newcajlle, or at fuch other 
' Place where you fhall find the King, above the 

* Space of ten Days next after your Arrival at 
' Newca/lle, or fuch other Place as aforefaid ; but 

* the faid Time of ten Days being expired, you 

* are forthwith, without any Delay, to return to 

' the 

of E N G L A N< D. tj 

the Parliament of England^ to give them an Ac- Aa, it Car. 1, 

* count of your Proceedings/ t 16 + '. * 


y/y 9. A Letter was read in the HouTe of 
Lords, which came from the Aflemblvof the Kirk 
of Scotland at Edinburgh ; which, for its extraordi- 
nary Style, requires a Place in this Hiftory. 

//LETTER from the General djjembly of the Kirk 
of Scotland to both Houfes of Parliament. 

Right Honourable, Edinburgh, June 18, 1646. 
TPHE Report of the great Things which the 

* JL Lord hath done for your Honours has gone fembly of the 
forth into many Lands, and it becometh us, leaft ^^"p^ 
' of any, either to fmother or to extenuate the fame : ^^ " 

* We defire to be enlarged in the Admiration of 
' the Power and Mercy of God the Author, and 

* to diminifh nothing of that Praife that is due to 
' you as Inftruments. 

* When the Lord fet your Honours upon the 

* Bench of Judgment, both the Kirk and Com- 
' mon-wealth of England were afflicted with in- 

* teftine and bofom Evils; the Cure whereof 

* could not but be very difficult, becaufe they were 
' not only many, but for the moft Part univerfal 

* and deeply rooted, flielter'd under the Shadow 
' ofCuftom and Law, and fupported with all the 

* Wifdom and Strength of the Malignant andPfe- 
1 latical Party; who rather chufed to involve the 
' Land in an unnatural and bloody War, than to 

* fail of their ambitious and treacherous Defigns 
' againft Religion, the Privileges of Parliament, 

* and the Laws and Liberties of the Kingdom. 
' Neither hath that miferable Crew been wanting 

* unto their own Ends, but, for many Years to- 

* gether, hath defperately purfiied their Refolutions 

* in Arms; and was likely to have prevailed, if 
' the Lord had not put himfelf in the Breach, and 
' furnifhed you with much Patience, Wifdom, 

* Courage, and Conftancy in the Midft of many 
Difficulties and Diftrefles ; and, at laft, with fo 

VOL. XV. B gloriou* 

1 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. -2, car. I. < glorious and triumphing a Succefs, that the Ene- 
*' '^^j ' my hath fallen every where before you, and there 
j a j ' is none left to appear againft you. 

' Thefe Things, as they be Matter of our Re- 
' frefhment and of your Glory, fo do they lay a 
' ftrong Obligation upon your Honours to walk 
' humbly with your God, and to improve the 

* Power he has put into your Hands, for the Ad- 
' vancement of the Kingdom of his Son, and bring- 

* ing. forth the head Stone of his Houfe. 

The flow Progrefs of the Work of God has 
' .always been the Matter of our Sorrow; which 

* is now encreafed by the Multiplication of the 
' Spirits of Error and Delufion, that drown many 

* Souls in Perdition ; and fo ftrengthen themfelves 
4 that they (hall afterwards be laboured againft with 
' more Pains than Succefs, if a fpeedy and effectual 
' Remedy be not provided : And, therefore, as the 

* Servants of the living God, who not only fend up 

* our Supplications daily for you, but have hazarded 
' ourfelves in your Defence, we do earneftly be- 
c feech your Honours, in the Bowels of Jefus 
c Chrift, to give unto him the Glory that is due 
*. unto his Name, by a timeous eftablifhing all his 
' Ordinances in the full Integrity and Powerthere- 
' of, according to the League and Covenant. As 
' long as the AfTembly of Divines was in Debate, 

* and an Enemy in the Field, we conceive that 
' thefe might 'be probable Grounds of Delay; 

* which being now removed out of the Way, we 
' do promife ourfelves, through your Wifdom, 

* Fnithfulnefs, and Zeal, the perfecting of that 
' which was the main Ground of our Engagement, 

* and a chief Matter of Confolation unto us in all 
' our fad and heavy Sufferings from the Hand 
' of a mcft cruel Enemy* 

' We know that there is a Generation of Men 
' who retard the iVork of Uniformity, and foment 
' Jealoufies betwixt the Nations, ftudying, if it 

* were poffible, to break our Bonds (fander : But 
we truft that he that fittetb in the Heavens will 

and that the Lord will have them in De- 

* r.ijion f 

^/ENGLAND. 19 

* rifion ; that he Jball fpeak to them in his ffratb, An. 21 Car. * 

* and vex them in his fore Difpleafure ; and, not- l6 4 6 - ^ 
4 withftanding of all that they can do, fct his King ^ ~T ' 
' upon his Holy Hill c/'Zion, and make thcfe Na- ^ 

* tions happy in the fweet Fruits of Unity, in Truth 
' and Peace. 

' The Searcher of Hearts knows we defire to hold 

* faft the Band of our Covenant as facred and in- 

* violable, being perfuaded that the Breach of fo 

* folemn a Tye could not but haften down upon 
' our Heads a Curfe and Vengeance from the righ- 
*'tcous Judge of the World, and involve thefe 
' Kingdoms in further Calamities than they have 

* yet feen. And we abhor to entertain any other 

* Thoughts of you; nay, we are confident that 
( your Honours will ferioufly endeavour the Profe- 

* cution of all the Ends defigned in the Covenant, 
1 and the bringing thefe Nations unto the neareft 
' Conjunction, both in Judgment and Affection^ 

* efpecially inthofe Things that concern Religion ; 

* which, without all Controverfy, is the readieft 

* and fureft Way of attaining and fecunng the 

* Peace and Profperity of both Kingdoms.' 

Subjcribed in the Name of the General j4jfembly$ 

by ROBERT BLAIR, Moderator. 

The Lords having given Orders for the Profecu- 
tion of Colonel John Lilbiirne in their Houfe, and ^"Q 0*. Lil- 
that the Attorney-General and the King's Counfel burne before th 
(hould prepare and exhibit Articles againft him; . Hou ^ eof r Lord . f> 

., V . V 'for afperhng ths 

accordingly, Ear l of Man . 

July 10. The Charge was brought in and read 

as follows : 

ARTICLES exhibited before the Lords in Parlia- 
ment djjembled, by Sir Nathanael Finch, Knt. one 
of his Afajefly's Serjeants at Law, again/} Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel John Lilburnej Jor high Crimes 
and Mifdemeanors done and committed by him. 

' \I7 Hereas the Ri !! lu Hon - Edwd Earl of 

* W Manckfflr'i b>' the Space of divers Years 

* laft pad, hath been and vet is one of the Peers of 

B 2 this 


An. 21 Car. I. 

TJje Parliamentary H i s T o R r 

this Realm; rmd whereas the faid Earl was, bj' 
Ordinance of Parliament, appointed General of 
divers Forces raifed by the Parliament, the faid 
John Lilburne, intending to fcandalize and dif- 
honour the faid Earl, andto raife Difcord between 
him and other Subjects of this Realm, hath, in a 
certain Book hereunto annexed, and by him con- 
trived, and caufed to be printed and publifhed, 
intituled The Jujt Man's Jujlification ; or a Letter 
by way of Plea in bar, falfly and fcandaloufly af- 
firmed and publiflied certain Paflages concerning 
the faid Earl of Manchejler,, and his Demeanors in 
his faid Office and Employment ; viz. 

I. ' Touching the Complaint by the faid Lil- 
burne alledged to be made by him and others to 
the faid Earl, as follows, at Page 2. / complained t 
the Earl of Manchefter again/I Colonel King, be- 
ing both his General and mine, and at the Jame 
Time of divers Gentlemen of the Committee of 
Lincoln, as Mr. Archer, &c. and having Arti- 
cles of a very high Nature againft him, pujhed my 
Lord to a Trial of him at a Council of War ; and 
at the very fame Time the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Town Clerk ofBo&on came to Lincoln tt my Lord, 
with Articles of a fuperJative Nature againjl the 
faid Colonel King their Governor, but could not get 
my Lord to do them 'Jujlice at a Council of War, 
contrary to all our Expectations, as of Right we 
ought to have had; which at prefent faved his 
Head upon his Shoulders. And, in Page the 8th 
and Qth of that Book, did affirm thefe Words, viz. 
Ifa could not at all prevail, the Reafon of which 
weare notable to render, unlefs it were that the King's 
two Chaplains, Lee and Garter, prevailed with 
the Earl's two Chaplains, Afh and Good, tt 
cajl a Clergy Mijl over their Lord's Eyes, that he 
Jhiuld not be able to fee any Deformity in Colonet 


II. ' The faid John Lilburne, within three 
Months laft paft, in a certain Book by him con- 
trived, and caufed to be printed and publifhed, 
here- unto annexed, intituled, The Freeman s Free- 

* dim 


dam vindicated; or, A true Relation of the Cfi!>ft An 
and Manner of Lieutenant-Colonel ]o\\n'L\\burne's 
prefent Imprisonment in Newgate, being thereunto 
arbitarily and illegally committed by the Houje of 
Peers ; June 1 1, 1646, for his delivering in at 
their open Bar, under his Hand and Seal, his Pro- 
tejlatlon againjl their encroaching upon the com- 
mon Liberties of all the Commons 0/~England ; by 
endeavouring to try him , a Commoner /" England, 
in a criminal Caufe contrary to the exprefe Tenor 
and Form of the iqth Chapter of the Great Charter 
of England; and for making his legal and ftj/} 
Appeal to his competent, proper*, and legal Tryert 
and "Judges^ the Commons of England, in Parlia- 
ment ajfembled, did falfly and fcandaloufly, in the 
8th Page of that Book, publilh andafiirm, con- 
cerning the faid Earl of Manchejler, thcfe falfe 
and fcandalous Words, I clearly perceive the Hand 
of Joab to be in this, namely* my old Back-friend 
the Earl of Manchefter, the Fountain, as I con- 
ceive, of all my prefent Troubles ; who would have 
hanged me for taking a CaJJle from the Cavaliers 
in Yorkfhtre, and is fo clofely glued in Inter ejl 
to that Party, that he protected from Jtijiice Co- 
lonel King, one of his own Officers, for his good 
Service in treacherouJJy delivering or betraying 
Crowland to the Cavaliers; and never called, nor y 
that I cculd hear, de fired to call, to account his Of- 
ficer or Officers, that bafely, cowardly, and treache- 
rou/Jv betrayed and delivered Lincoln up to the E- 
newy, without jlriking one Stroke, or flaying till 
fo much as a Troop of Horfe or a Trumpeter came 
to demand it. His Lord/hip's Head, it feents, had 
Jlood too long upon his Shoulders, that makes him be 
cannot be quiet till Lieutenant-General Cromwell's 
Charge agalnjl him, fully proved in the Houfe of 
Commons, be rfvived, whhh is of as high a Na- 
ture, I believe, as ever any Charge given in there ; 
the Epitomt of which I have by me, and his Lord- 
Jhip may live to fee it Jhcrtly in Print by my Means. 
* And the faid John LHburne, in the Book and 
Page laft mentioned, in Scandal and Difliommr 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

of Henry Earl of -Stamford, a Peer of this King- 
4 dom, and a late Commander of Forces of the 

* Parliament, makcth this fcandalous Expreflion, 

* viz. And for my Lord of Stamford, at prefent I 
4 defire him but to remember one Article made at the 
4 Delivery of Exeter, which it may be, in 'Time, -will 
4 c'jd his furious Endeavours to enjlave the free 
4 People of England. 

III. * Whereas the faid John Lilburne, upon 
4 the nth Day of June lad part, by virtue of the 
4 Order of the Peers affernbled in this prefent Par- 

* liament, was brought to their Bar, to anfwcr 
4 concerning the faid Book in the faid firft Article 
1 mentioned ; the faid John Lilburne, intending, 
4 falfly and malicioufly, to fcandalize and difho- 

* nour the Peers afiembled in Parliament, and their 

* juft Rights and Authorities, did then and there, 
4 in Contempt of the faid Houfe of Peers, at the 
4 open Bar, the Peers then fitting, openly de- 

* liver a certain Paper hereunto annexed, under his 

* Hand and Seal, intituled, The Prctejlation, Plea, 
* and Defence cf Lieutenant-Colonel John Lilburne, 
4 given to the Lords at their Bar, the nth cf June, 
' 1646, with his Appeal to his competent, proper, 
4 and legal Tryers and Judges, the Commons of En- 

* gland in Parliament ajjembled, which Paper is 
6 here unto annexed, and fmce caufed the fame to 

* be printed and poibliftied ; in which Paper, 
4 amongft many other Scandals therein contained, 
4 he publifhed and affirmed, concerning the Lords 
4 in Parliament, thefe \Vordsfollowing, viz. There - 

* fore, my Lords, you being, as you are called, Peers^ 
4 meerly made by Prerogative, and never intrujled 
4 orimpowered by the Commons of Enghnd, &c. 

4 And in another Place thereof, concerning the 

4 Lords and their Proceedings in Parliament, did 

4 protefl and publifh thefe Words following, 7 da 

* here, at ysur open Bar, froly? againjl all your 
4 prefent Proceedings with me, in this pretended 

* criminal Caiife, as unjvjl, and againjl the Tenor 

* and Form of the Great Charter, which ell you 

* have fivorn inviolably to cbferve, and caufed the 
< 4 Commons 

of ENGLAND. 23- 

4 Commons cf England to do the fame ; and there- An. ^^ Car. l f 

4 fore, my Lords, I do her cly declare, and am refol- 

4 ved, as in Duty bound to God, myflf, Country,, 

4 and Pofterity, to maintain my legal Liberties to the 

4 la ft Drop of my Blood, agalnji all Oppofers what- 

4 foever ; having Jo often in the Field adventured 

4 my Life therefore ; and do from you, and yucr 

4 Bar, as Incroachers an I u far ping Judges, appeal 

* to the Bar and Tribunal of my cc?npeient, proper, 
4 and legal Trycrs and 'fudges, the Commons of Eng- 
4 land ajfembledin Parliament. 

4 And, in Purfuance of hi:; faid malicious and il- 
4 legal Practices, did afterwards contrive and pub- 
4 lifh a fcandalous and libelous Letter, hereunto 
4 likewife annexed, directed to M;. - JFollaJiojft 
4 Keeper of Newgate, or his Deputy ;. \vhercin, a- 
4 mong other Things, he hath caufed to be infertcd 

* and publifhed thefe Words concerning the Peers 
4 in Parliament, viz. Their Lordjhips fining by vir- 
4 /.v of their Prerogative Patents, cud nyf by Elcc^ 
4 tion or Confent of the People, h<;?c, a.s. Alagna 
4 Charta, and othsr good Laws of the La.tul.tsU me^ 
4 nothing to do to try ?KC, or any Commj;*>:r whatf? - 
4 cv'r, in any criminal Canfe, either for Life, Lim,!, 
4 Liberty, or Ejlate : But, contrary hereunto, as. 
' Encroach-jrs and Ufurprrs upon my Freedom a.i.l 
*.' Libert';, they have laii'y and illegally cnd:avoy- 

. try ;/;(', a Commoner, at Bar ; f:r 
' h I, under, my Hand and Seal, ,protf/L\d ty 

* their Faces agaiajl them, as violent and illegal En~ 
4 croachers upon the Rights and Liberties of. me and 
4 all the Commons of En gland, a Cap} of which I 
4 herewith in Print find y;u: And at their Bar I 
4 openly appealed to my competent, proper, and legal 
4 Tryers and Judges, the Commons of England af- 
4 fembled in Parliament ; for which their Lord/hips 
4 did illegally, arbitrarily, and tyrannic ally, commit 
4 me to Prij'on into your Cujiody ; which Putefta- 
4 ,tiQri and Papers, and Matters therein contained, 
4 do falfly, leandaloufly, and nialici.mfly charge 
* the Peers in Parliament- with Tyranny,' Ufurpa- 

64 4 tion, 


fat. 22 Car* I, 
' 1646. 

<Tht Parliamentary HISTORY 

tion, Perjury, Injuftice, and Breach of the great 
Truft in them repofed ; and are an high Breach 
of the Privilege of Parliament, and are high Of- 
fences againft the Laws and Statutes of this 
Kingdom, and do tend to the great Scandal of 
the Peers, and the Authority with which they are 

* in veiled, and ftir up Difference between the faid 

* Peers and others of the Subjects of this Realm. 


A printed Paper was alfo brought into the Houfe* 

The Sum of the CHARGE given in by Lieutenant* 
General Cromwell again/I the Earl of Man- 
chefter (a). 

*TTHAT the Earl of Manchejler hath been 
f M- always indifpofed and backwards to En- 

* gagements, and, againft the Ending of the War 

* by the Sword, and for fuch a Peace to which a 

* Victory would be a Difadvantage j and hath de- 

* clared this by Principles exprefs to that Purpofe, 

* and a continued Series of Carriage and Actions an- 
. fwerable ; and fmce the Taking of Tort (as if the 

* Parliament had then Advantage enough) he hath 

* declined whatever tended to further Advantages 
f upon the Enemy j neglected and ftudioufly fliift- 

* ed off all Opportunities to that Purpofe, as if 

* he thought the King too low and the Parliament 

* too high ; efpecially at Dennington-CaJUe, where 
6 he had drawn the Army into, and detained them 

* in fuch a Poftiircasto give the Enemy frefh Ad- 

* vantages, and this before his Conjunction with 

* the other Armies, by his own abfolute Will, a- 
' gainft or without his Council of War, againft 
c many Commands from the Committee of both 
Kingdoms, and with Contempt and vilifying of 
' thofe Commands i and, fmce the Conjunction 

* of 

() The Earl of MambtfleSi Vindication of himlelf againft this 
Charge, as prcfented to the Houfe of Lords by way of Narrative, ifl 
1644, is printed in Rufrtvtnb, Vol. V. p. 735. ^ 

of E N G L A N D. 25 

* of the Armies, fometimes againft Councils of An - . 
War, and fometimes perfuading and deluding t. _ ^' 

' the Council to neglect one Opportunity with July. 

* Pretence of another, and that again of a third ; 
' and at laft, when none other Pretence would 
' ferve, by perfuading them that it was not fit to 
fight at all (J). 

* That after this Lieutenant-General Cromwell 

* exprefs'd a larger Account, yet nothing but 

* Truth, and what was fufficiently proved at a fe- 
' lecl: Committee of the Houfe of Commons, 

* whereof Mr. Lijle had the Chair; which Charge, 

* with Proofs thereupon, was reported to the Houfe 

* and there debated ; and a home Vote there- 

* upon pafled above a Year ago, before the 
' Houfe was recruited with new Members ; where- 

* upon a potent Northern Knight (c), one of Man- 

* chefters fpecial Friends, made a very earneft 
' Motion, That Lieutenant-General Cromwell 
' might, with his Horfe, be fent immediately to 

* relieve Taunton, as you may read in the 3<;th 
' Page of England's Birth-Right-, by Means of 
' which the Charge hath lain dormant ever fince, 
' although it may be fpoken, upon very good 

* Grounds, that it is a Charge of as high a Na~ 

* ture as ever was given into that Houfe ; and 

* therefore it is hoped, that either the Lieutenant- 
' General, or fome of the new Members, will 
' difcharge a good Confcience by prefling the re- 
-' viving of it, that fo Treachery may receive its 
' due Defert, and the Kingdom have Juftice upon 

* its Enemies.* 

The Lords having debated fome Time on this 
Affair, ordered, 

l. ' That all the before-mentioned Papers fhould 
be burnt by the Hangman the next Day at the 
New Palace in Wtjlminfter y and at the Old Ex- 
change in London ; and that the Sheriffs of London 
and Middlesex do protect the Hangman in the 


(i>) See HtUa't Mhncirt, p 18, an<J *8. fc] Sir PMif Stafjlrn. 

26 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 2 a Car. I. < Execution of this Order to prevent any Affrojits 
I6 v 46 - , being offered him. 

j u !y. 2. ' That Col. Lilburne \>z, brought to the Houfe 

the next Morning in fafe Cuftody by the Sheriffs. 
3. c That the Gentleman-Ufiier do fearch in 
Wejlmirjler for all printed Copies of the Papers 
read this Day, intituled, The Sum of the Charge given 
in by Lieutenant-Colonel Cromwell againjl the Earl 
of Manchefter, and bring them and the Letters 
before this Houfe prefently. 

We have. been the more particular in the" forego- 
ing Extracts,, and fhall be fo in the enfuing Trial of 
this refolute Man, becaufe there is fo little Notice 
taken of this remarkable Affair in Rujhworth, that 
the Name of Lilburne is not fo much as mention- 
ed in his fixth Volume; and thefe Proceedings a- 
gainir. him are almoft wholly paffed over by 'the o- 
ther Contemporaries. Befides, Us being purely 
a Parliamentary Bufinefs, wherein the Honour of the 
fupreme Court of Judicature in the Kingdom was 
principally attack'd and affronted, the Subject can- 
not be omitted in thefe Inquiries. The" Caution 
of the Lords to the Sheriffs, to take Care that the 
Hangman ftiould not be molefted in doing his Office, 
was very neceflary; for this political Enthufiaft, 
young as he was, had gain*d a high Eftcem with the 
ropulace, who were enraged at what they call'd his 
hardUfage; and many Papers, and fome Pamphlets, 
were printed and difperfed about the City to incite 
an Infurre&ion in his Favour. One of thefe is in 
our Collection, intituled, A Reman/trance of many 
tkoujand Citizens, and other freeborn People of Eng- 
land, to their own Houfc of Commons, occafioncd 
through the illegal and barbarous Imprifonement of 
that famous and -worthy Sufferer for his Country's 
Freedom^ Lieutenant-Colonel 'John Lilburne : Jf^herc- 
in their juji Demands^ in behalf of tbiinfclvcs and 
the whole Kingdom^ concerning their public Safety, 
Peace, and Freedom, is exprefs'J ; 'cdl'ng thofe their 
CommiJJiiners in Parliament to an Account, bow they 
(fmce the Beginning of their Sejjion to this prefent) 
I have 


lave difcharged their -Duties to the Univerfality of An ' *^ g* r> 
the People, their Sovereign Lord, from wnom their t _ *_^ ' _j 
Power and Strength is shrived, and by whom, ad July, 
bene placitum, ;V /j continued. 

In the Frontifpiecc is a Print of our Hero, look- 
ing through the Bars of a Prifon : Over his Head 
is infcribcd, The Liberty of the Freelor.n Englifti- 
man, conferred upon him by the Hotife of Lords, 
June n, 1646, with his Coat of Arms annexed j 
And underneath, thefe Lines ; 

Gaze not upon this Shadow that is vain, 

But rather raife thy Thoughts a higher Strain : 

To God, I mean, who fet this young Man free (k), 

Ar.d, in like Straits can eke deliver thee. 

Tea^ though the Lords have him in Bonds again, 

The Lord of Lords will his jufl Caufe maintain. 

July ii. Col. Lilburne was brought again to the 
Bar of the Houfe of Lords to hear his Charge read, 
and make Anfwer to it. The whole Proceedings 
on which we give from their Journals, as follows: 
Being commanded by the Houfe to kneel as a 
Delinquent, herefufed fo to do, faying, He would, 
nrt. Then the Lords commanding his Charge to 
be read to rrm, he 'faid, He would not hear, he ha- 
ving appealed to the. Houfe of Commons from their 
Houfe, to which JJg would jtand as long as he had 
Life : And, upon' reatHng of ?he Charge, he flop- 
ped his Ears with his Fingers, and would not hear 
it rend; whereupon it WL'.S moved by Mr. Serjeant 
Finch, one of the King's Counfel, That this be- 
ing as great an Affront as could be offered to fo 
great a Court as this is, he might be made to hear 
his Charge read ; and. the Court upon this com- 
manded him to withdraw. 

Then, after Debate, it was ordered he fhould 
be called in and admonifhccl ; and told that, by flop- 
ping his Ears and ill Language and Deportment, 
hehath deprived himfelf of what Favour he might 
have had in tnis Houfe ; wherefore the Lords com- 

(*} CoJ. Lilbirne was firft imprifoned by a Sentence of the Court of 
Star-Cbatnbtr, in the Yrar 1637, being then only 19 Years of Age J 
but wts difcharged by Parliament in 1640. 

23 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 Car. I. manded him to hear his Charge read without ftop- 

t * ^ , ping his Ears : He anfwered, He had appealed 

July. f rom tbi* KM ft (their Lord/blps not being bis com- 
petent Judges) to the Houfe of Commons, which he 
will Jland to as long as he hath any Blood in his B.dy. 

Upon this ctie Houfe corrmianded the Charge to 
be read to him; but he faid he would not hear it 
read, and fall ftopped his Ears whilft it was read. 
When it was read, the Speaker alked him what he 
faid to his Charge ? He anfwered, Hg heard nothing 
of it ; he had nothing to do with it j but would Jland 
to his Protejlation \ and having appealed from their 
Lord/hips, and prate/red again/I them as unrighteous. 
Judges^ to thofe 'Judges who are to judge both him 
and their Lordjhips^ the Houfe of Gammons af- 
fembled in Parliament ^ he did render up his Body t9 
their Lordjhips Fury. 

Hereupon he was again commanded to withdraw ; 
and the Lords, upon Confideration of the whole 
Matter of the Charge, taking his Refufal to an- 
fwer pro ConfeJJc ; and alfo confide ring the high 
Contempt of the Honour and Dignity of the Houfe, 
fliewed by his Words and Speeches this Day at 
their Bar, which were contained in his Charge, did 

I. That the Lieutenant-Colonel John Lilburne,yr 
h " h ' l S h Contempt to the Honour of this Houf^ 
him. be fined 4<DOO/. to the King. 

1. That he Jhall be imprifoned in the Tower of 
London during the Space of Seven Years. 

3. That he Jhall be incapable to bear any Office ^ or 
Place Military or Civil, in Church or Common- 
wealth^ during his Life. 

It was alfo ordered, * That the Pamphlet, in* 
tituled, The jujl Man's Juftification ; or, a Letter 
lyway of Plea in Bar; and the Pamphlet, intituled^ 
The Freeman's Freedom vindicated, mentioned in 
the Charge againft Lieutenant-Colonel John Lil- 
burne^ fhall be burnt by the Hands of the com- 
mon Hangman, in the Prefence of the Sheriffs or 
their Officers, on Monday Morning next at ten of 
the Clock, at the Old Exchange in London, and 
at the New Palace Yard in Wejlminjlcr: Next 

of E N G L A N D. 

Next was read, and enter'd in the Lord; Jour- 
rials, a Copy of the Propofitions for Peace, which 
were now ordered to be fent away to the King 
with all convenient Speed, and to be printed and 

aj/embled in Parliament, for a faff and wtll- 
g rounded Peace (/). 

May it pleafe your Majefty, 

WE the Lords and Commons, aflembled in The Propofitiom 
the Parliament of England, in the Name of Peace from th 
and on the Behalf of the Kingdoms of Englan 
and Ireland, and the Commiflioners of the Par- 
liament of Scotland, in the Name, and on the caftU. 
Behalf of the Kingdom of Scotland, do humbly 
prefent unto your Majefty the humble Defires 
and Propofitions for a fafe and well-grounded 
Peace, agreed upon by the Parliaments of both 
Kingdoms refpe&ively, unto which we do pray 
your Majefty's Aflent; and that they, and allfuch 
Bills as (hall be tendered to your Majefty in pur- 
fuance of them, or any of them, may be efta- 
blifhed and enaded for Statutes and Acls of Par- 
liament, by your Majefty's Royal Aflent in the 
Parliaments of both Kingdoms refpeclively. 
4 Whereas both Houfes of the Parliament of 
England have been neceffitated to undertake a 
War in their juft and lawful Defence ; and after- 
wards both Kingdoms of England and Scotland, 
joined in folemn League and Covenant, were en- 
gaged to profecute the fame : 
I. That by Aft of Parliament in each King- 
dom refpeclively, all Oaths, Declarations, and 
Proclamations heretofore had, or hereafter to be 
had, againft both or either of the Houfes of Par- 
liament of England, the Parliament of the King- 
dom of Scotland, and the late Convention of E- 
ftates in Scotland, or Committees flowing from 

< the 

(/) From the Original Edition, printed for Join K'riglt, at the 
King's tit ad in the0/</ Bailey, July 17, 1646. 

. $he Parliamentary H i s T OR Y 

An. -* Car. I. < the Parliament or Convention in Scotland, or thejr 
' Ordinances and Proceedings ; or againft any f.qr 
' adhering unto them; or for doing or executing 

* any Office, Place, or Charge, by any Authority 
4 derived from themj and all Judgments, Indi&- 

* ments, Outlawries, Attainders, .and Inquifitions, 

* in any the faid Caufes ; and al! Grants thereupon 

* made or had, or to be made of had, be declared 

* null, fupprefTed, and forbidden : And that this 

* be publickly intimated in all Parifh Churches 

* within his Majefty's Dominions, and all other 
c Places needful. 

II. ' That his Majefly, according .to the laud- 
' able Example of his Royal Father, of happy Me- 
4 mory, may be pleafed to fwear and fign the late 

* folemn League and Covenant ; and that an Act of 
4 Parliament be pafied in both Kingdoms refpec-r 

* tively, for enjoining the taking thereof by all the 
' Subjects of the three Kingdoms; and the Ordl- 
' nances concerning the Manner of taking the fame 

* in both Kingdoms, be confirmed by Acts of Par- 

* liament refpedtively, with fuch Penalties, as, by 

* mutual Ad vice of both Kingdoms, {hall be agreed 

* upon. 

II. ' That a Bill be pafled for the utter abo- 

* lifliingand taking away of all Archbifhops, Bi- 
' (hops, their Chancellors and Commiffaries, Deans 
' and Sub-Deans, Deans and Chapters, Arch- 
4 Deacons, Canons, and Prebendaries; and ali 

* Chanters, Chancellors, Treafurers, Sub-Trea- 
' furersj Succentors, and Sacrifts ; and all Vicars 

* Choral and Chorifters, old Vicars and new 
1 Vicars, of any Cathedral or Collegiate Church, 
' and all other their Under Officers, out of the 
4 Church of England, and Dominion of Wales ; 
' and out of the Church of Ireland, with fuch Al- 
' terations concerning the Eftates of Prelates, as 
4 fliall agree with the Articles of the late Treaty 

* of the Date at Edinburgh, November 29, 1643," 
' and joint Declaration of both Kingdoms. 

of E N G L A N D. 31 

IV. ' That the Ordinances concerning the call- An. it Car. 1, 
ing and fitting of the AfTembly of Divines^ be 
confirmed by Act of Parliament. 

V.' That Reformation of Religion, according 
to the Covenant^ be fettled by At of Parliament* 
in fuch Manner as both Houfes have agreed, or 
fhall agree upon, after Confultation had with 
the Aflembly of Divines. 

VI. * For as much as both Kingdoms are mu- 
tually obliged by the fame Covenant, to endea- 
vour the neareft Conjunction and Uniformity in 
Matters of Religion, That fuch Unity and Uni- 
formity in Religion according to the Covenant, as, 
after Confultation had with the Divines of both 
Kingdoms now aflembled, is or (hall be jointly 
agreed upon by both Houfes of Parliament of 
England, and by the Church and Kingdom of 
Scotland, be confirmed by Acts of Parliament of 
both Kingdoms refpe&ively. 

VII. c That for the more effectual difabling Je- 
fuits, Priefts, Papifts, and Popifli Recufants from 
difturbing the State, and eluding theLaws; and for 
the better difcovering, and fpeedy Conviction of 
Recufants, an Oath be eftablifhed by Act of Par- 
liament, to be adminiftered to them ; wherein they 
{hall abjure and renounce- the Pope's Supremacy, 
the Doctrine of Tranfubftantiation, Purgatory, 
Worshiping the Confecrated Hoft, Crucifixes 
and Images, and all other PopifhSuperfritions and 
Errors ; and refufing the faid Oath, being ten- 
dered in fuch Manner as fhall be appointed by 
the faid A6t, to be a fufficient Conviction of Re- 

VIH. * That an Act of Parliament be parted 
for Education of the Children of Papifts by Pro- 
teftants, in the Proteftant Religion. 
IX. ' That an Act L? puffed for the true Levy 
of the Penalties againft them; which Penalties 
to be levied and difpofed in fuch Manner as both 
Houfes (hall agree on ; wherein 'to be provided 
that his Majefty (hall have no Lofs. 

X. That 

32 ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

Car. I. X. That an Act be paffed in Parliament* 

J 6 * 6 ' t ' whereby the Praftices of Papifts againft the State 

July. ' ma y be prevented, and the Laws againft them 

' duly executed, and a ftridter Courfe taken to pre- 

* vent the faying or hearing of Mafs in the Court, 

* or any other Part of this Kingdom. 

XI. ' The like for the Kingdom of Scotland, 
' concerning the four laft preceding Propofttions r 
4 in fuch Manner as the Eftates of the Parliament 
there fliall think fit. 
r XII. That the King do give his Royal Aflent 

* to an Act for the due Obfervation of the Lord's 
c Day. 

' To the Bill for the Suppreffion of Innovation* 

* in Churches and Chappels, in and about th& 
Worfhip of God, faff. 

* For the better Advancement of- the Preaching. 
of God's Holy Word in all Parts of this King- 

* dom. 

* To the Bill againft the enjoying of Pluralities 
< of Benefices by Spiritual Perfons, and Non-Reft- 

* dency. 

' To an Act to be framed and agreed upon by 

* both Houfes of Parliament for the reforming and 
' regulating of both Univerfities, of the Colleges 
of lyejlminjler, Winckefter, and Eaton. And 

' To fuch A61 or Adis for raifing of Monies, 
for the Payment and fatisfyingof the puWickDebt 

* and Damages of the Kingdom and other publiclc 
' Ufes, as fhall hereafter be agreed on by both 
Houfes of Parliament ; and that if the King do 

* not give his Aflent thereunto, then it being done 

* by both Houfes of Parliament, the fame (ball be 
' as valid, to all Intents and Purpofes, as if the 

* Royal Aflent had been given thereunto. 
' The like for the Kingdom of Scotland. 

' And that his Majefty give Aflurance of his 

* Confenting, in the Parliament of Scotland^ to an 
' Act, acknowledging and ratifying the Acts of the 
' Convention of Eftates of Scotland, called by the 

* Couniel and Confervers of the Peace, and the 

* Conv 


* Commiffioners for the Common Burthens, and A " 

* aflembled the twenty-fecond Day of June, 1643, 

* and feveral Times continued fince, arid of the 

* Parliament of that Kingdom fince convened. 

XIII. ' That the Lords and Commons in the 
" Parliament of England aflembled, fhall, durij-jg the 

* Space of twenty Years, from the firft of July, 

* 1646, arrcij train, and difcipline^ ofcaufe tbbe 

* armed, trained, and difciplincd, all the Forces of 

* the Kingdoms of England and Ireland, and Do- 

* minion of Wales, the Ifles of Guernfey and Jerfyi 
c and the Town of Berwid upon Tweed, already 
' raifed, both for Sea and Land Service; and mall, 

* from Time to Time, during the faid Space of 

* twenty Years, raife, levy, arm, train, and dif- 
' cipline, or caufe to be raifed, levied, armed, 

* trained, and difcip'lined, any other Forces, for Land 

* and Sea Service, in the Kingdoms, Dominions, 

* and Places aforefaid, as in their Judgments they 

* fhall, from Time to Time, during the faid Space 

* of twenty Years, think fit and appoint; and 
that neither the King, his Heirs or Succeflcrs, 

* nor any other but fuch as fhall aft by the Authority 

* or Approbation of the faid Lords and Commons* 
' fhall, during the faid Space of twenty Years 4 

* exercife any of the Powers aforefaid. 

And the like for the Kingdom ofScstlakd, if the 
Eftatesof the Parliament there fhali tiiink fit. 

' That Monies be raifed and levied for the 
c Maintenance and Ufe of the laid Forces for Lahcf 
Service, ^and of the Navy and Forces for Sea 

* Service, in fuch Sort, and by fuch Ways and 

* Means, as the faid Lords and Commons fhdl, 

* from Time to Time, during the faid Space of" 
' twenty Years, think fit and appoint, and not 
otherwife : That all the faid Forces, both for 
E Land and Sea Service, fb raifed or levied, or to 
1 be raifed or levied, and aho the Admiralty and" 
' Navy, fhall, from Time to Time, duririg the 
faid Space of twenty Years, be employed,ma- 

* naged, ordered, and difpofed" by the faid Lords 

* and Commons in fuch Sort, and by fach Wav$ 



An. 22 Car. I. 

The Parliamentary His TOR V 

and Means, as they fhall think fit and appoint* 

* and not otherwise: And the faid Lords and Com- 
' mons, during the laid Space of twenty Years ,- 
' fhall have Power, 

*. 4 To fupprefs all Forces raifed, or to be raifed y 
' without Authority and Confent of the faid Lords 
c and Commons, to the Difturbance of the public 

* Peace of the Kingdoms of England and Ireland^ 
e and Dominion of Wales, the Ifles of Guernfcy 
4 and, Ji'ff,y, and the Town of Berwick upon: 

* Tweed, or any of them, 

2. ' To fupprefs any foreign Forces who fhalr 
f invade, or endeavour to invade, the Kingdoms 
6 of 'ngland and Ireland, Dominion of Wales, the 

* Ifles of Guernfiy ami Jerfey^ and the Town of 
' Ber-icL'k upon Tweed, or any of them. 

3. l To conjoin fuch Forces of the Kingdom 

* of England with the Forces of the Kingdom of 

* Scotland, as the faid Lords and Commons fhall, 
1 from Time to Time, during the laid Space of 
1 f'.venty Years, judge fit. and necefl'ary : To re- 
fill all foreign Imafious, and to fupprefs any 
Forces railed, or to be railed, againftj or within, 
either of the faid Kingdoms, to the t Difturbance 
of the public Peace of the laid Kingdoms, or a- 
ny of them, by any Authority under the Great 
Seal, or otiier Warrant whatfoever, without 
Confent of the faid Lords and Commons of the 
Parliament of England, and the Parliament, or 
the Efhtes of the Parliament, of Smtland reipeo 
tively : And that 'no Forces of either Kingdom 
fhall go into, or continue in, the other King-*- 
dom, without the Advice and Defire of the faid 
Lords and Commons of the Parliament of Eng- 
land, and the Parliament of the Kingdom of 
Scotland, or fuch as fhall be by them appointed 
for that Purpofe: And that, after the Expiration 
of the faid twenty Years, neither the King, his 
Heirs or Succeffors, or any Perfon or Perfon>, 
by Colour or Pretence of any Commilfion, Power, 
Deputation, or Authority to be derived from the 
King, his Heir,s or Succeflbrs, or any of them, 

< fhall 


* (hall raife, arrrij train, difcipline, employ, order, An. 22 

* manage, difbaiid, or ciilpoie any of the Forces, l6 4 6 <- 
1 by Sea or Land, of the Kingdoms of England T^" 
' and Ireland^ the Dominion of Wales^ the [iles ' 

' of Guernfey and Jerfey, and the Town of B/r- 

* wick upon Tweed, nor exercife any of the laid 

* Powers or Authorities, in the precedent Arti- 

* cles, mentioned and exprefTed to be, during the 
' faid Space of twenty Years, in the laid f 

* and Commons ; nor do any Act or Thing con- 
' cerning the Execution of the faid Powers or 
' Authorities, or any of them, \vithout the Con- 
' fent of the faid Lords and Commons firft had 

* and obtained : That after the Expiration of thr 

* faid twenty Years, in all Cafes wherein the Lordsi 
" and Commons {hall declare the Safety of the 

* Kingdom to be concerned, and (hall thereupon 
4 pafs any Bill or Bills for the raifing, arming, 

training, difciplining, employing} managing, or- 
c dering, or difpofmg of the Forces by Sea or Land, 

* of the Kingdoms of England and Ireland^ the 
c Dominion of Ifaru's, Ifles of Gusrnl'cv and ^Jcrfcy* 
c and the Town of Berwick upon T-ivecd^ or of ar.v 

* Part of the faid Forces ; or concerning the Admi- 
c ralty and Navy; or concerning the levying of 

* Monies for the Raifing, Maintenance, or Ufe 

* of the faid Forces for Land Service j or of the 
c Navy, and Forces for Sea Service ; or of any Part 

* of them; and if that the Royal AfTent to fuch 

* Bill or Bills, mall not be given in the Houfe of' 
' Peers, within fuch Time after the paffing thereof 

* by both Houfcs of Parliament, as the laid Houfes' 

* mall judge fit and convenient, that then fuch 
' Bill or Bills, fo patted by the faid Lords and' 
c Commons as aforefaid, and to which the Royal 

* Aflent (hall not be given as is heroin before ex- 

* prefled, mail, ncverthelefs, after Declaration of 

* the faid Lords and Commons mad:; in that Be- 
'half, have the Force and Strength of an Act or 
'' A&s of Parliament; and ihall be as vr.Iii, to all 

* Intents and Purpofes, as if the Roy;:! Aiicnt had 

* been given thereunto. 

C 2 Pro- 

: 6 rfbe ParJLvncntary HISTORY 

An. IT. Car. I. Provided, thr.t nothing herein before contained 

v 1 T _' > '^._ y * fhall extend to the taking away of the ordinary 

4 legal Powerof Sheriffs, Juftices of Peace, Mayors, 

* Bail i Ms, Coroners, Confrables, Headboroua;hs, 

* or other Officers, ofjuftice, not being Military 
4 Officers, concerning the Adminiftration of Jufticej 

* fo as neither the laid Sheriffs, Juilices of the Peace, 

* Mayors, B:ulitvV, Coroners, Conftables, Hcadbo- 

:^hs, and other Officers, nor any of them, d-j 

* levy, conduct, employ, or command any Fciccs 

* wh.ufoevcr, by Colour or Pretence of any Com- 

* million of Array, or extraordinary Command from 
1 his Majcity, his Fleirs or Succeffors, without the 
' Confxmt of the laid Lords and Commons. 

And if any Perfons Qvdll be gathered and af- 

* iembled together in warlike Manner, or other- 

* wife, to the Number of thirty Perfons, and fhall 
' not forthwith oifband thenifelves, being required 

* thereto by the faid Lords and Commons, or 
4 Command from them, or any by them efpecially 

* .authorized for that Purpofe, then fuch Perfon 

* and Perfons not fo difbanding themfelves, {hall 

* be guilty and incur the Pains of High Treafon, 

* being firft declared guilty of fuch Offence by the 

* faid Lords and Commons ; any Commiflion uu- 

* der the Great Seal, or other Warrant, to the con- 
' trary notwithstanding. 

' And he or they that {hill offend herein, to' be 

* incapable of any Pardon from his Majefty,- his 
' Heirs or Succeflbrs ; and their Eftates {hall be 
' difpofed as. the faid Lords and Commons {hall 

* taink fit, and not otherwife. 

' Provided, that the City of Londin fhall have 
' and enjoy all their Rights, Liberties and Franchi- 

* fes, Cultoms and Ufages, in the railing and em- 

* ploying the Forces of that City for the Defence 
* thereof, in as full and ample Manner, to all In- 

* tents and Purpofes, as they have, or might have, 
' tifed or enjoyed the fame at any Time before the 
' making the faid A& or Proportion ; tQ the end 
4 that Cits' may ;be fully alTured it is not the In- 
' temion o^' the Parliament to take from them any 

r/ ENGLAND. 37 

Privileges or Immunities in niifing or difpofing An. 2* Car. r. 
of their Forces, which they have, or might have, t ' ^ b> , 

* ufed 6r enjoyed heretofore. j uj/ 

c The like 'for the Kingdom of Scotland, if the 
c Eflates of the Parliament there (ball think fit. 
XIV. That, by Ad of Parliament, all Peers 
' made fmce the Day that Edward Lord Littleton, 

* then Lord-Keeper of the Great Seal, deferted the 

* Parliament and that the faid Great Seal was fur- 

* rcptitioufly conveyed away from the Parliament, 
c (being the twenty-firft Day of May, 1642,) and 

* who fhall hereafter be made, (hall not fit or vote 

* in the Parliament of England, without Confcnt 

* of both Houfes of Parliament : And that all Ho- 

* nour and Title conferred on any, without Confent 

* of both Houfes of Parliament, fmce the twentieth 
' of May, 1642, (being the Day that both Houfes 

* declared, That the King, feduced by evil Coun- 

* fel, intended to raife War againft the Parliament) 
' be declared null and void. 

c The like for the Kingdom of Scotland; thofe 

* being excepted whofe Patents were pafled the 

* Great Seal before the 4th of June, 1644. 

XV. * That an Act be pafled in the Parliaments 

* of both Kingdoms refpeclively, for Conformation 
' of the Treaties pafled betwixt the two Kingdoms, 

* viz. the Large Treaty, the late Treaty for the 

* coming of the Scots Army into England^ and thc^ 

* fettling of the Garrifon of Berwick, of the 2gth 

* of November , 1643, and the Treaty concerning 

* Ireland^ of the 6th of Augujl^ 1642, for the 

* bringing of ten thoufand Scots into the Province 

* bflffltr, in Ireland^ with all other Ordinance ; 

* and Proceedings parted betwixt the two King- 
' doms, and whereuntxr they are obliged by the 4- 
' forefaid Treaties. 

* That Algernon Earl of Northumberland, y //>.; 
c Earl of Rutland, Philip Earl of Pembroke an.l 

* Montgimery^ Robert Earl of EJfix, Tbeopbilt^ 
Earl of Lincoln, James Earl of Suffolk, Ribtrt 

* Earl of Warwick, Edward Earl of Afancbe/ht\ 
' Herry Earl of Stamford, Francis Lord D 

C 3 * Philip 

38 ^Ihe Parliamentary H I 

Ar. 22 Or. I. P^/7/p Lord IVkarton, Franch Lord Willoughltf* 

^Jf4^ < ZW/ 9 - Lord North, John Lord Hunfdon, Wil- 

July. * ^ w Lord Gm, Edward Lord Howard of - 

* fcrick, Thomas Lord Bruce. Fcrainando- Lord 
' Fairfax, Mr. Nftthanael Fienncs, Sir William Ar- 
' flzyw?, Sir Phil;/) Stapylton, Sir Henry Vane, fen. 

* Mr, William Picrepolnt, Sir Edward Ayfcough, 
' Sir William Strickland, Sir Arthur Hejllrig, Sir 

* y^/i Fniivicl:, Sir J^'illiam Brcrcicn, Sir Thomas 
4 'Widdringtr.i, Mr, J^; fa//, Mr. G;7^r/ M/- 
lington, Sir Jf r :liiam Con ft able, Sir yo/'/z Wray^ 
Sir lier,rj Vav.c^ jun. Mr. Htnry Darley, Oliver 
< Si. John, Efq. his Majefty's Solicitor-General, 
Mr. Denzlll Holies, Mr. Alexander R'igby, Mr. 

< Cornelius Holland, Mr. Samuel VaJJall^ Mr. P^- 

< regrine Pdljc<m, John Glynne, Efq. Recorder of 

< London, Mr. Henry Marten, Mr. Alderman 

* /ty&, Mr. ^/; Blakijlon, Mr. Serjeant #7//&, 

* Mr. Richard Barwis, Sir Anthony Irby, Mr. 
JJhutjty Mr. Bettingham^ and Mr. ?>J5, Mem- 
bers of both Houfcs of the Parliament of England, 

* fhall be the Commiflioners for the Kingdom of 
England, for Confervation of the Peace between 
v the two Kingdoms, to act according to the Pow- 
t ers in that Behalf exprefs'd in the Articles of the 

Large Treaty, and not otherwife. 

' That hid Majefty give his Aflent to what the 
' two Kingdoms (hall agree upon in Profecution 
s of the Articles of the Large Treaty, which are not 

* yetfinifhed. 

'XVI. c That an Aft be pafied in the Parlia- 
c ments of both Kingdoms refpedlively, for efta- 

* blifhing the Joint Declaration of both Kingdoms, 

* bearing Date the 30th Day of January, 1643, 
1 in England, and 1644, in Scotland, with the 
4 Qualifications enfuing. 


' That the Perfons who fhall expel no Pardon 

* be only thefe following, 

Rupert and Maurice, Count Palatines of the 
Rhine i James Earl of Derby, John Earl of 

* Bri/Ioly 


Brljlol, William Earl of tfezvcajile, Francis LordA n . 

< Cittington, George Lord Dil;y, Matthew Wren 

* Bifhop of Ely, Sir Robert Heath, Knt. Dr. 
Eramball Bimop of Z>^rry, Sir William Wid- 

< drnigton, Colonel George Goring, Henry Jermyn, 
.' Efq. Sir Ralph Hopton, Sir John Byron, Sir Fran- 
f cis Doddington, Sir John Strangeways, Mr. *- 
dymion Porter, Sir G^rgr Raddiffe, Sir Marma- 
-< */& Langdale, Henry Vaugban, Efq. (now called 
* Sir /frry Vaughan) Sir Fran fit tfindevanke, ' 
'Sir Richard Greenville, Mr. Edward Hyde (now 
. called Sir ^wr// //;-^) Sir J^ <fl/*/-ty, Sir 
Nicholas Cole, Sir 7^w Riddell, jun. Sir %/fo 

< Colepeper-, Mr. Richard Lloyd, (now called Sir 
Richard Lloyd) Mr. ArviW Jenkins, Sir Oar^ 
5/ro^, Gwr^ Cartcrct, Efq. (now called Sir 
Gwr^ Carteret) Sir C/wrfo DaUifon, Knt. .R/V/j- 

< tfr^ ^fl^, Efq. (now called Sir Richard Lane) 
4 Sir Edward Nicholas, Jshn AJhlurnham, Efq. 

< Sir Edward Herbert, Knt. his Majefty's Attor- 
ny-General ; Earl of Traquair, Lord Harris, 

* Lord ,0<?, Ge-^r^ Gordon, fometime Marquis 
' of Huntley, James Graham, fometime Earl of 
Montrofc, Robert Maxwell, late Earl of Nithef- 

* dale, Robert Dalzell, fometime Earl of Carnwatb* 

* James Gordon, fometime Vifcount Aboyne^ Lodo- 
- wick Lindfey, fometime Earl of Crawford, Jamet 
'* Ogihey, fometime Earl of Airley, James Ogil- 
vey, fometime Lord Og'dvey, Patrick Ruthen t 
c fometime Earl of Forth^ James King, fometime 

* Lord Itham, dlefter Macdonald, Irwin Younger 
' of Drum, Gordon Younger of Gight, LeJJey of 

* Aucbentoul, Colonel John Ccchran, Graham of 
.' Gorthie, Mr. John Maxwell, fometime pretend- 
ed Bilhop of Rofi. And all fuch others as, bo 
' ing procefTed by the Eftates for Treafon, (hail 
' be condemned before the Act of Oblivion be 

* patted. 


* All Papifts and Popifh Reculants who have 
f been, now are, O r fliall be acluall y in Arm ; 

* .or voluntarily Iffiftingagaujft the ParMaments .or 

C 4 Li- 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Eftates of either Kingdom ; and, by Name, the 
Marquis of W'mton, the Earl of Worcefter Ed- 
ward Lord Herbert of Ragland, Son to the Earl 
of Wo.rceftcr, Lord Brudenell, Caryll Molineux, 
Efq, Lord Arundell of Wardour, Sir Francis 
Howard, Sir John Wintaur, Sir Charles Smith, 
Sir John Preflon, Sir Bazil Brooh, James Lord 
Audley Earl of Caftlehaven in the Kingdom of 

* Ireland, Iff Hi am Sheldon of .B<?^, Efq. and Sir 

* Henry Beddingfidd. 


* All Perfons who have had any Hand in the 
f plotting, defigning, or affifting the Rebellion of 
f Jr f land, except fuch Perfons who, having only 
f aflifted the faid Rebellion, have rendered them- 
f felyeSj, or came in to the Parliament of England, 


That Humfrey Bennet, Efq. Sir Edward Ford^ 
f Sir John Penruddock, Sir George Vaughan, Sir 
John Weld, Sir Robert Lee, Sir John Pate, John 

* Ackland, Edmond tt ; i,ndlam, Efq. Sir John Fitz- 
Herbert, Sir Edward Lawrence, Sir Ralph Dut- 

* ton, 'Henry Lingen, Eiq. Sir William 'RuJJel of 
' Worcejlerfhirc* Thomas Let of Adlington, Efq. 
' Sir ^^^ Girlingtcn, Sir P^?^/ Neile, Sir William 
Thorold, Sir Edward HuJJey, Sir Thomas Lid- 

* dW/, fen. Sir Philip Muf grave, Sir y^ Di$f 
' of Nott'mghamftnre, Sir Henry Fletcher, Sir 
Richard Mynjhull, Lawrence Haljlead, fq. y/7^ 

* Denham, Efq, Sir Edmond Fortefftie, Peter St. 
' /////, Efq, Sjr Thomas Tildfjley, Sir Henry Grif~ 
' ^/, Michael Wtirton, Efq. Sir Henry Spiller, Mr. 

* George Benyon, (n<>w called Sir George Benyon) 
1 Sir Edward Waldegrave, Sir Edward Bi/kop, Sir 

* Robert (Jwfeley, Sir yo^ Maney, Lord Cholmon- 
' <5^/y, Sir Thomas A ft on, Sir Lewis Dives, Sir P- 

* /6T OJbourne., Samuel Thornton, Efq. Sir y^ 

* Lucas, John Blaney, Efq. $ir Thomas Chedle, 

* Sir Nicholas Kemys, Hugh Lay Id, Efq. U" A'i- 

Cr/^>, and Sir Peter Rycaut, 


of E N G L A N D. 41 

' And all fuch of the Scots Nation as have con- An. ^^ car. I. 
curred in the Votes at Oxford, againft the King- t _* 6 * 6 ' , 
dom of Scotland and their Proceedings; or have -t^. 

fworn or fubfcribed the Declaration againft the 
Convention and Covenant ; and all fuch as have 
aflifted the Rebellion in the North, or the Inva- 
fton in the South of the faid Kingdom of Scotland 
or the late Invafion made there by the Irijh and 
their Adherents, be removed fro<n his Majefty's 
Councils, and" be retrained from coming within, 
the Verge of the Court ; and that they may not, 
without the Advice and Confent of both fioufes 
of the Parliament of England, or the Eftates in 
the Parliament of Scotland refpeclively, bear any 
Office, or have any Employment concerning the 
State or Common- Wealth : And in cafe any of 
them mall offend therein, to be guilty of High 
Treafon, and incapable of any Pardon from his 
Majefty, and their Eftates to be difpofed of as 
both Houfes of the Parliament of England, or the 
Eftates of the Parliament in Scotland refpectively 
fhall think fit : And that one full third Part, upon 
full Value, of the Eftates of the Perfons aforefaid 
made incapable of Employment as aforefaid, be 
employed for the Payment of the Public Debts 
and Damages, according to the Declaration. 
Firjl Branch. c That the late Members, or any 
who pretended themfelves late Members, of 
either Houfe of Parliament, who have not only 
deferted the Parliament, but have alfo fat in the 
unlawful Aflembly at Oxford, called or pretended 
by fome to be a Parliament, and voted both 
Kingdoms Traitors, and have not voluntarily 
rendered themfelves before the laft of Ocfober, 
1644, be removed from his Majefty's Councils, 
and be reftrained from coming within the Verge 
of the Court; and that they may not, without 
Advice and Confent of both Kingdoms, bear any 
Office, or have any Employment concerning 
the State or Common- Wealth : And in cafe any 
of them fhall offend therein, to he guilty of High 

* Treafon, 

42 7/k Parliamentary HISTORY 

AD. 2z Car. I. .< Treafon, and incapable of any Pardonby his Ma- 

t l6 * 6 ' , 4 jefty ; and their Eftates to be difpofed as both Hou- 

July. ' fe s of Parliament in England^ or the Eftates of the 

' Parliament of .SV0/AW refpeclively, (hall think fit. 

Second Branch. ' That the late Members, or 

* any who pretended themfelves Members, of 

* either HouJ&t of Parliament, who have fat in the 
' unlawful AfTembly at Oxford, called or pretended 

. * by fome to be a Parliament, and have not volunta- 

* rily rendered themfelves before the laft of October y 

* 1644, be removed from his Majefty's Councils, 
' and reftrained from coming within the Verge of 

* the Court; and that they may not, without the 

* Advice and Confent of both Houles of Parliament, 

* bear any Office, or have any Employment con- 

* cerning the State or Common- Wealth ; and in 

* cafe any of them {hall offend therein, to be guilty 

* of High Treafon, and incapable of any Pardon 

* from His Majefty, and their Eftates to be difpofed 

* as both Houles of the Parliament of England (hall 

* think fit. 

'Third Branch. c That the late Members, or any 
' who pretended themfelves Members, of either 

* Houfe of Parliament, who have deferted the Par- 
' liament, and adhered to the Enemies thereof. 
' and have not rendered themfelves before the laft 

* ofOfiobsr, 1644, be removed from his Majefty 's 

* Councils, and be reftrained from coming within 

* the Verge of the Court ; and that they may not ? 

* without the Advice and Confent of both Houfes 

* of Parliament, bear any Office, or have any Em- 

* ployment concerning the State or Common- 

* Wealth : And in cafe any of them {hall offend 

* therein, to be guilty of High Treafon, and in- 

* capable of any Pardon from his Majefty, and 

* their Eftates to be difpofed as both Houfes of Par- 
liament in England (hall think fit. 


c Thr.t all Judges and Officers towards the Law, 
c Common or Civil. Who have deferted the Parlin- 

* ment, 

ef E N G L A N D. 43 

ment, and adhcr'd to the Enemies thereof, be inca- An< ** fi g* r * 
pablc of any Place of Judicature or Office towards >_ -J '.-- 
the Law, Common or Civil, and that all Serjeants, July, 
Counsellors, and Attornies, Doctors, Advocates, 
and Procters of the Law, Common or Civil, who 
have dcferted the Parliament, and adhered to the 
Polemics thereof, be incapable of any Practice in 
the Law, Common or Civil, either in public or 
private ; and fhall not be capable of any Prefer- 
ment or Employment in the Common-Wealth, 
without the Advice and Confcnt of both Houfes 
of Parliament: And that no Bifhop or Clergy- 
man, no M after or Fellow of any College or Hall 
in either oi the Univerftties, or elfewhere, or any 
Mailer of School or Hofpital, or any Ecclefiafti- 
cal Perfon, who hath deferted the Parliament, 
and adhered to the Enemies thereof, fhall hold or 
enjoy, or be capable of any Preferment or Em- 
ployment in Church or Common- Wealth ; but 
all their faid feveral Preferments, Places, and 
Promotions, fhall be utterly void, as if they were 
naturally dead; nor fhall they otherwife ufe 
their Fundlion of the Miniftry, without Advice 
and Confent of both Houfes of Parliament ; pro- 
vided, that no Lapfe fhall incur by fuch Vacancy 
until fix Months paft, after Notice thereof, 


' That all Perfons who have been actually in 
Arms againft the Parliament, or have counfellecf, 
or voluntarily affifted the Enemies thereof, are 
difabled to be Sheriffs, Juftices of the Peace, 
Mayors, or other Head Officers of any City or 
Corporation, Commiflioners of Oyer and fer- 
miner, or to fit or ferve as Members, or Afliftants 
in either of the Houfes of Parliament, or to have 
any Military Employment in this Kingdom, 
without the Confent of both Houfes of Parlia- 


s The Perfons of all others to be free of all 
pcrfonal Cenfure, notwithftanding any Acl or 

4 Thing 

*Tbt Parliamentary HIS 

* Thing done in or concerning this War, they ta- 
* king the Covenant. 

' The Eftatcs of thofe Perfons excepted in the* 

* firft three precedent Qualifications ; and the 

* Eftates of Ed-ward Lord Littleton* and of Wil- 
' Ham Laud* late Archbifhop of Canterbury y to pay 
' public Debts and Damages. 


Fir/I Branch. < That two full Parts in three, 
' to be divided, of all the Eftates of the Members 

* of either Houfe of Parliament who have not only 

* deferted the Parliament, but have alfo voted both 

* Kingdoms Traitors, and have not rendered 
' themfelves before the firft of December* 1645, 

* fhall be taken and employed for the Payment of 

* the public Debts and Damages of the Kingdom. 

Second Branch. * That two full Parts in three, 

* to be divided, of the Eftates of fuch late Mem- 

* bers of either Houfe of Parliament, as fat in the 

* unlawful Aflembly at Oxford* and fhall not have 
' rendered themfelves before the firft of December , 

* 1645, fhall be taken and employed forthePay- 

* ment of the public Debts and Damages of the 

* Kingdom. 

Third Branch. f That one full Moiety of the 

* Eftates of fuch Perfons, late Members of either 

* of the Houfes of Parliament, who have deferted 

* the Parliament, and adhered to the Enemies 

* thereof, and fhall not have rendered themfelves 
' before the firft of December, 1645, ^ a ^ ^ e ta ~ 
c ken and employed for the Payment of the public 

* Debts and Damages of the Kingdom, 


That a full third Part of the Value of the E- 
c ftates of all Judges and Officers towards the Law, 
' Common or Civil ; and of all Serjeants, Coun- 
' fcllors, and Attornies, Doctors, Advocates, and 

* Proctors of the Law, Common or Civil j and of 

< all 

of E N G L A N D. 45 

c all BHhops, Clergymen, Matters and Fellows of An> 

* any College or Hall in either of the Univerfities, 

* or elle where ; and of all Matters of Schools or July. 
Hofpitals, and of Eccleiiaftical Perfons who have 

' deferted the Parliament, and adhered to the Ene- 

' mies thereof, and have not rendered themfelves 

* before the firft of December , 1645* mail be taken 

* and employed for the Payment of the public 

* Debts and Damages of the Kingdom. 

' That a full fixth Part of the full Value of 

* the Eftates of the Perfons excepted in the fixth 

* Qualification, concerning fuch as have been 

* actually in Arms againft the Parliament, or have 

* counfelled or voluntarily aflifted the Enemies 
' thereof, and are difabled according to the fai.d 
' Qualification, be taken and employed for the Pay- 

* ment of the public Debts and Damages of the. 
' Kingdom. 

That the Perfons and Eftates of all common 

* Soldiers, and others of the Kingdom of England* 

* who, in Lands or Goods, be not worth 200 /. 

* Sterling; and the Perfons and Eftates ofallcom- 

* mon Soldiers and others of the Kingdom of Scot- 

* landy who, in Lands or Goods, be not worth 

* 100 1. Sterling, be at Liberty and difcharged. 
Firjl Branch. ' This Proportion to ftand as to 

c the Englijb j and as to the Scots likewife, if the 
' Parliament of Scotland, or their Commiffioners, 

* (hall fo think fit. 

Second Branch. That the firft of May laft is 

* now the Day limited for the Perfons to come in, 
' that are comprifed within the former Qualifica- 

* tion. 

4 That an A& be patted, whereby the Debts 

* of the Kingdom, and the Perfons of Delinquents, 

* and the the Value of their Eftates may be known ;. 

* and which A& (hall appoint in what Manner the 
' Confifcation and Proportions before-mentioned, 
may be levied, and applied to the Difcharge of 

* the faid Engagements. 


tfbe Parliament dry HISTORY 

. < The like for the Kingdom of Scotland, if the 
' , ' Eftates of Parliament, or fuch as (hall have Power 

* from them, (hall think fit. 

XVII. That an Aft of Parliament be parted; 

c to declare and make void the Ceflation of Ire- 

c land, and all Treaties and Conclufions of Peace, 

e or any Articles thereupon, with the Rebels, with- 

* out Confent of both Houfes of Parliament ; and 

* to fettle the Profecution of the War of Ireland iri 

* both Houfes of the Parliament of England to be 
c managed' by them ; and the King to allift, and to 

* do no Aft to difcouiuchahce" or hioleft them 

* therein. 

' That Reformation of Religion, according to 
' the Covenant, be fettled in the Kingdom of Ire- 
c land by Aft of Parliament in fuch Manner as 
'"both Houfes of the Parliament of England have 

* agreed, or (hall agree upon, after Confutation 

* had with the Aflembly of Divines here. 

' That the Deputy or Chief Governor, or other 

* Governors of Ireland, and the Prcfidehts of the 
' feveral Provinces of that Kingdom, be nominated 

* by both Houfes of the Parliament of England, or, 
*" in the Intervals of'Parliament, by fuch Commit- 
*" tees of both Houfes of Parliament, as both Houfes 

* of the Parliament of England fhall nominate" and 

* appoint for that Purpofe : And that the Chancel- 

* lor, or Lord-Keeper, Lord-Treafurcr, Corn mi f- 
fioiiers of the Great Seal or Treafury* Lord- 
Warden of trfe Cihque Ports, Chahcellbr of the 

* Exchequer and Duchy, Secretaries of State, Ma-' 

* fter of the Rolls, Judges of both Benc'he's, and Ba- 

* r'ons of the Exdittjuer of the Kingdom^ of England 
' arid IrefarJ, and' the Vice-Treafurer and Trea-^ 
c furers at VVars .of the Kingdom of Ireland, be' 

* nominated by both Houfes of the Parliament of 

* England, to continue Quarndiu fe berie g effcrmt ^ 
and, in the Intervals of Parliament, by thv 

4 mentioned Comrnitrees, to be approved or dif- 

* alloWed by both' Houfes at their next fitting. 

4 The like for the Kingdom of Scotland, con- 

< cerning the Nomination' of the- Lords of the 

5 Pri- 

of ENGLAND, 47 

* Privy-Council, Lords of Seflion and Exchequer, An. 21 Car. f. 
' Officers of State, and Juftice-General, in fuch t l6 4 6 - ^ 

* Manner as the EftateS of the Parliament there .,' 
< (hall think fit. 

XVIII. < That the JW/7/V/a of the City of w- 

* <&, and Liberties thereof, may be in the Or- 
' deririo; and Government of the Lord Mayor, AI- 
' dermen, and Commo'ns in Common Council af- 

* fembled, or fuch as they fhall, from Ti'md to 
' Time, appoint, (whereof the Lord Mayor, and 
' Sheriffs, for the Time being, to be three) t,o be 

* employed and directed, front Time to Time, 
' in fuch Manner as fhall be agreed on, and ap- 

* pointed by both Houfes of Parliament. 

* That no Citizen of the City of London^ nor 

* any of the Forces of the faid City fhall be 
' drawn forth or compelled to go out of the faict 

* City, or Liberties thereof, for Military Service, 

* without their own free Confent, 

* That an Aft be parted for the granting nnd 
' confirm ing of the Charters, Cuftoms, Liberties, 
' and Franchifcs of the City of London, riotsvith- 

* ftanding any Nonufer, Mifufer, or Abufer. 

' That the Tower of London may be in the Go- 

* vernment of the City of London', and the Chief 

* Officer and Governor thereof, from Time to 

* Time, be nominated and removable by the 

* Common Council : And, for the Prevention- of 
' Inconveniences which may happen by the long 
' Intermiffion of Common Councils, it is defired 
< that there may be an A&, That all Bye-Law? 

* and Ordinances already made, or hereafter to "bs 
? made, by the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
' mons, in Common Council aflembled, touch- 

* ing the calling, continuing, directing, and regn- 

* lating the fame Common Councils, (hall be as 
' effectual in Law, to all Intents and Purpofes, .as 
' if the fame were particularly enacted bytheAu- 

* thority of Parliament : And that the Lord Mayor, 

* Aldermen, and Commons, in Common Council, 

* may add to, or repeal the fuid Ordinances, -from 

* Time to Time, as they {hall fee, Caufe. 

* That 

48 'The Parliamentary H I s T o R y 

. az c^' I. That fuch other Proportions as (hall be -made 
l6 * 6 ' , * for the City, for their further Safety, Welfare, 
July. ' an< J Government, and {hall be approved of by 

* both Houfes of Parliament, may be granted and 
' confirmed by Acl of Parliament. 

XIX. * That all Grants, CommilBons, Prcfenta- 

* tions, Writs, Procefs, Proceedings, and other 

* Things pa/led under the Great Seal of England^ 
>* in the Cuftody of the Lords and others, Com- 

* mifiioners appointed by both Houfes of Parlia- 

* ment for the Cuftody thereof, be, and, byanAdl 

* with the Royal Affent, fhall be, declared and en- 
afted to be of like full Force and Effba, to all 

* Intents and Purpofes, as the fame or like Grants, 

* Commiflions, Prefentations, Writs, Procefs, Pro- 

* ceedings, and other Things under any Great 

* Seal of England, in any Time heretofore were, 

* or have been j and that, for the Time to come, 

* the faid Great Seal, now remaining in Cuftody 

* of the faid Commifli oners, continue, and be ufed 

* for the Great Seal of England; and that all 
c Grants, Commiflions, Prefentations, Writs, Pro- 

* cefs, Proceedings, and other Things whatfoever, 

* palled under, or by Authority of any other Great 

* Seal, fmce the 22d Day of May, 1642, or here- 
4 after to be palled, be invalid and of no Effect, to 

* all Intents and Purpofes ; except fuch Writs, 

* Procefs, and Commiflions, as being pafled under 
' any other Great Seal than the faid Great Seal 

* in the Cuftody of the Commiflioners aforefaid, 

* on or after the faid 22d Day of May,, and before 
c the 28th Day of November > 1643, were after- 

* ward proceeded upon, returned into, or put in 

* ufe in any of the King's Courts at Wtjlminjler : 

* And except the Grant to Mr. Juftice Bacon^ to 
' be one of the Juftices of the Kings Bench : And 

* except all Ats and Proceedings by virtue of any 

* fuch Commiflions of Goal Delivery, Aflize, and 

* Nifi prius, or Oytr and Ter miner ^ paiTed under 
' any other Great Seal than the Seal aforefaid, in 
c Cuftody of the faid Coraraiflioners before, the firft 
c of Otfcber^ 1642. 


of ENGLAND. 49 

And that all Grants ofOiHces, Lands, Tene- An. Car. i. 
mcnts, or Hereditaments, made, or pafled under t I * ' , 
the Great Seal of Ireland unto any Perfon or j u i y . 
Perfons, Bodies Politick or Corporate, fince the 
Ceffation made in Ireland, the 1 5th Day of Sep 
tember, 1643, (hall be null and void; and that 
all Honours and Titles conferred upon any Per- 
fon or Perfons in the faid Kingdom of Ireland, 
fince the faid Ceflfation, (hall be null and void. 

Whilft the Commiffioners were on their Jour- 
ney, the Houfes received the King's Anfwer to 
their Letter defiring an Order from his Majefty 
to the Marquis of Ormond, for furrendering up the 
Caftle of Dublin, and all other Garrifons in Ire- 
land, to their Ufe. 

CHARLES R. Newcaftle, July 11, 1646. 
T7 IS Majejly having ccnjidered the Letter of the J^** *_ 
* * 6th Injiant, fent to him from the Lords and lament's Defirc 
Commons in Parliament ajjembled, thinks fit to return of frrendering 
this Anfwer, That as none can be more deeply affecled 2^,^^" 
than his Majefty with the paji and pre fent Calamities 
of his Kingdom of Ireland, nor is fo nearly concern- 
ed in the Prefervation of his Majejiys Proteftant 
Subjefls, fo he will be mofl ready to apply all future 
Remedies for their Deliverance : And as to the Parti- 
culars of delivering, forthwith, of the City and Cajile 
of Dublin, the "Town of Drogeda, and all other 
Garrifons in that Kingdom, which are held by his 
Majejiys Authority, into the Hands of fuch as the 
Parliament Jball appoint ; kis Majejly being mojl 
willing that all thofe Places may be fo difpofed as 
they may be beft fecured from the Rebels, and fer-ve 
n:o/t for the Safety of his good Subjefls, doth again 
earneftly prefs that the Propofiiions, fo long expetled 
for the Peace of that and his other Kingdoms, maybe 
hajlened to him ; expetling that they will contain the 
readieft Means, not only of preferring thofe Places 
which are already in his Power, but likewife of re- 
ducing the reft of that Kingdom, poffi/ed by the Rt- 
bfls, to his Obedience. And as his Majefty knows 
VOL. XV. D not 

50 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. -a Car. J. not a more fpeedy and effectual Way for attaining 

m J 6 4 6 - ^ thofe Ends, than by removing all Differences betwixt 

*/"" bis Majetty and the two Hcufes of Parliament ; ft 

nothing will be more earneftly endeavoured by bis Ma- 

jefiy^ than that a f olid and lajling Peace be forthwith 


We now meet with a fhort Adjournment of the 
two Houfes for a few Days ; neither is there any 
Thing in the 'Journals worth mentioning for fome 
Time longer, except an Audience granted by both 
Houfes to Monf. Bellieure, a new French Ambaf- 
fador ; who had alfo granted a Pafs to go to the 
King at Newcajlle y and to the States of Scotland at 

The Commons alfo fent up another Meflage 
about the Vote for declaring this Kingdom had no 
further Ufe for the Scots Army ; which they held 
to be a Matter, they faid, of fo much Concern- 
ment to this Kingdom, as nothing could be greater,- 
therefore they defired the Lords to give Expedi- 
tion to it. But we find no Notice taken of this 
Meflage for fome Time longer. 

On the Surrender of Oxford the Broad Seal, 
and feveral other Seals for different Courts and 
Offices, fell into the Parliament's Hands. And 
this Day, July 23, the Lords ordered that the 
Broad Seal fhould be defaced and boken j as alfo the 
Seal for the Court of Wards, the Exchequer Seal, 
and the Seal of the King's Bench, with thofe of 
the Admiralty and Prerogative Court ; but the 
Privy Seal, Signet Seal, and other fmaller Seals* 
were ordered to be lock'd up. 

The French Ambafiador, in a Speech he made 
at his Audience, had fignihed to the Parliament, 
That his Mafter, the French King, had offered 
to be a Mediator of Peace between the King of 
England and his Parliament. And this Day the 
following Anfwer being drawn up, was read, agreed 
to, and ordered to be fent to the AmbafTador. 


of E N G L A N D. 51 

My Lord, July 22, 16416. An. 22 Car. I. 

* VTT E do thankfully acknowledge the Expref- t l6 * 6 ' j 
1 W fions we have received from the French 

* King, of his Majefty's good Affections to this 

' Kingdom ; and mall heartily endeavour, on our The Parliament 
' Parts, the Continuance of it : But as to his Ma- refufe the French 
' jefty's Defires of mediating a Peace, and inter- 
' pofing betwixt our King and us, and to what 
c was faid by your Excellency on that Particular, 
' and of your being fent to invite us to take or pro- 

* pound fome Conditions that might effe& the fame, 

* we do declare that we ourfehres have been care- 

* ful to improve all Occafions to compofe thefe 

* unhappy Troubles, yet we have not, neither can 

* we admit of any Mediation or Interpofmg b6- 

* twixt the King and us, by any foreign Prince or 
' State. And we deftre that his Majefty, the 

* French King, will reft fatisried with this our Re- 
4 folation and Anfwer.' 

We (hall conclude the Affairs of this Month 
with the Copy of a Letter from ffftecaflki notify- 
ing to the Parliament the fafe Arrival of their 
Commiflioners at that Place. 

T<? the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore. 

My Lord, Ne-wcajlle, July 23, 1646. 

OU R Defires are that thefe may inform you Account of their 
that, beeween Nine and Ten of the Clock 
this Thurfday Morning, we came to Newca/ile ; 
and were, about an Hour and an half after our 
Arrival, villted by the General the Earl of Leven, 
the Lord Chancellor of Scotland, and many other 
Scats Lords and Gentlemen j and, after fome 
private Conference between us and the Chancel- 
lor, it was agreed that he fhould inform his Ma- 
jefty of our being here ; and humbly defire him, 
from us, to apoint a Time when he would be 
pleafed to receive the Propofitions, which was 
done accordingly. And about Six of the Clock 
D 2 < this 

$2 *fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a* Car. I. < t hj s Evening, the Marquis of Argyle brought us 
* * ' Word that his Majefty would, To-morrow after 
Auguft. * Dinner, receive them. 

' My Lord, we fhall omit no Opportunity t 
* give a fpeedy Difpatch, and remain 

Tour Lordjhip's humble Servants, 



Augiifl 4. Another Letter, which came from the 
fame Quarter, was this Day read in the Houfe of 
Lords, viz. 

To the Right Hon. the SPEAKER of the Houfe of 
PEERS pro Tempore. 

And prefentmg 
to the King their 
Propofitions for 

My Lord, Newcajlle July 28, 1646. 

WE did, upon our coming hither, acquaint 
you with the Time which the King ap- 
pointed to receive the Propofitions, being Friday 
laft, after Dinner ; at which Time we humbly 
presented them to his Majefty ; and, according 
to our Tnftru&ions, defired his pofitive Anfwer 
and Confent thereto. He faid, He thought we 
could not then expect an Anfwer, but he would 
confider of it. Not hearing from him fince, we 
did again wait on his Majefty this Afternoon, to 
put him in Mind ; who told us, That he knew 
our limited Time, againft which he would pre- 
pare us an Anfwer. 

* However we (hall endeavour ftrictly to obferve 
our InftruHons, and give you Advertifement as 
there fhall be Occafion ; but this is all we (hall 
trouble you with at prefent, humbly taking our 
Leaves, and reft 

Tour Lord/hip's bumble Servants, 




of ENGLAND. 53 

Aug. 6. The foregoing was followed by another An. CM. 
Letter from the fame Hands, the Contents of which t * * _'_ 
were as follows : Au g ft 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore. 

My Lord* Newcajlle, Aug. 2, 1646. 

* \\/Eare forry we cannot acquaint you with 
' W fo good Succefs of our Employmant as 
< we have faithfully endeavoured, in Purfuance of 
' our Inftrudlions. This Morning we took our 

* Leave of the King ; and though our Importuni- 
' ties have been frequent and urgent, we cannot 
4 obtain his Majefty's Confent, or Anfwer, any 
c ways fatisfa&ory. 

' His Majefty hath given us a Paper, (other than 

* which we could not procure, notwithftanding 

* our much Earneftnefs) containing Offers to come 

< to London, which we thought not fit to fend, be- 

* caufe we know not whether the Houfe will take 
' Notice of it, being no direct Anfwer to the Pro- 

* portions. 

* We are haftcning away, with all Speed, to give 
4 you an Account of our whole Proceedings. 

* Thus much we thought fit to reprefent, an4 

< to take Leave, being 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servants^ 



Mention has been made of the Parliament's be- 
ing in PofFeflion of the Great Seal, and feveral 
other private and public Seals belonging to the 
King, and the Orders made for the breaking of 
them: Accordingly, 

Aug. n, The fame was performed in a very 

folemn Manner, before the two Houles, the Com- 

D 3 mons 

5 4 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ^^ Car. I. rnons being come up to the Houfe of Lords for 

L l646 ' j that Purpofe ; where the Great Seal, and the 

Augufl. others beforementioned, were broken and defaced, 

and the $ilver of them ordered to be divided be- 

The King's tween the Speakers of both Houfes ; but the Signet 

Gr*at Seal, Sec. Seal and the Privy Seal, with thofe for foreign 

ft k d en i n a full dC ~ Betters, were ordered to be put into the Cuftody 

rJlilrndst. of the Commiffioners of the Broad Seal belonging 

to the Parliament. 

Aug. 12. The Commiflioners of both Houfes 
being now returned from Newcaflle^ Sir Walter 
Erie made the following Report of their Proceed- 
ings to the Commons, viz. 

* That the Time of their Arrival at Newcajlle 
The Report of being Thurfday the twenty-third of the laft Month, 
their Comm.f- about j^g of tne Clock in the Forenoon, imme- 

fioners Proceed- ... , . . . , ,. ,-1 

ings with the diately upon their coming thither (becaufe they 
King. would lofe no Time) they defired the Lord-Chan- 

cellor of Scotland and the Marquis of Argyle^ who 
were joint Commiffioners with them, to move the 
King, that he would be pleafed to appoint a Time 
when they might attend him with the Propofitions 
which they had brought from the Parliament : 
And they going to the King brought them back 
Word, that his Pleafure was, they fhould attend 
him the next Day, at Two in the Afternoon ; 
which acordingly they did. 

* On Friday the Earl of Pembroke, after a fhort 
Declaration of what they had in Command, defired 
the Propofitions might be read ; which the King 
ailenting unto, was accordingly done: That a 
little while after they were begun to be read, he 
demanded of them, Whether they had any Power 
to treat or debate upon them, or that he might them any Queftions for the explaining of them: 
That they anfwered that they had no fuch Power : 
That the King then faid, Your Bufmefs is but to 
bring them ; and a good boneji Trumpeter might have 
done as much^ but for the Honour of it. The Pro- 
pofitions being read through and delivered unto 
him, they again, as at the Erft, humbly demanded 


of E N G L A N D. 55 

his pofitive Anfwer and Confent unto them ; the An. 2 z Car. 
Commifiioners for Scotland feconding the fame, on t * 6 * 6 ' J 
the Behalf of that Kingdom. The King anfwer'd, A ucuft. 
He was fure they could not expect a prefent Anfwer 
from him in a Bufmefs of that Confequence. 

' This being done upon the Friday , (and they 
having heard nothing from him Saturday or Sunday? 
the Monday following they made their Addrefs unto 
him the fame Way as before; and being appointed 
to attend him on Tuefday^ came unto him accord- 
ingly, and put him in mind of their former Defires 
of a pofitive Anfwer and Confent to the Propofi- 
tions ; alledging they had but little Time to (lay 
there. The King told them, He knew their Time 
limited ; and againft that Time would prepare his 
Anfwer : But no Anfwer being given the next 
Day or the Day following, Tburfday in the After- 
noon they defired thofe two Lords to move the 
King again for their Difpatch : Which on Friday 
Morning they did j and told them the King would 
have put it off till Saturday Night, but they had 
prevailed with him to grant Saturday Morning j 
yet if they thought fit (for the more furety) to go, 
they would go with them that Evening : Which 
being refolved, they went unto him, and humbly 
craved his Anfwer and Confent, as before : Then 
the King told them, He would give them his An- 
fwer the next Morning^ betwixt Ten and Eleven 
of the Clock. 

Accordingly, on Saturday Morning, they at- 
tended ; and humbly craved his pofitive Anfwer 
and Confent to the Propofitions, as they had for- 
merly done ; the Earl of Pembroke humbly befeech- 
ing him to confider with himfelf the dangerous 
Confequence that would follow to himfelf, his 
Kingdoms and Pofterity, if he fhould not now do 
it. Then the King told them, He had drawn up 
his Anfwer in Writing ; which, after he had 
caufed it to be read, he offered to deliver unto 
them : But they, conceiving it not to be fatisfac- 
tory, after forne private Confultation amongft 
D 4 them- 

5 6 The Parliamentary^ i s T R Y 

. -a Car. I. themfelves, came unto him, and defined to be ex- 
l6 * 6 - ^ cufed ; prefling him to a pofitive Anfwer and Con- 

~~T^ r ~Zr' f ent an d telling him, they muft take the Boldnefs 
to continue fo doing till the lalt Period of their 
Time ; and therefore prayed him to give them Ad- 
mittance again before their Departure. He afked, 
When ? They anfwered, That Afternoon, if he 
pleafed. He faid that could not be, for he had 
other Bufmefs to do : So the next Morning was 
appointed, and they accordingly came unto him 
on the Lord's Day, before Prayers, and prefTed 
him, as they had done before, with Importunity ; 
but he told them he could not give them any other 
Anfwer than what he had fet down in Writing, 
and tendered unto them before : Which he caufed 
again to be read, urging them with much Impor- 
tunity to receive it. They thereupon craving 
Leave to withdraw, and confidering with them- 
felves that they had ufed all the Means they could 
for the obtaining a pofitive Anfwer and Confent ; 
and that no other Anfwer could be gotten, but 
that which he had now the fecond Time offered to 
them in Writing, they returned back and fpake 
thefe Words, viz. They receive this Paper, now of- 
fered by your MajeJIy, with this humble Prate/lotion, 
That it is icithcvt their Approbation or Confent, as 
to the taking of it for an Jlnjwer ; and that it foall 
be no Engagement to them, the Commijjioners, in any 
Kind whatsoever .' 

After this the Commons ordered the Thanks 
of their Houfe to be given to the Lords Commif- 
fioners and to the Commiflioners for Scotland, as 
well as to thofe of their own Body that attended 
the King with the Propofitions. The Earl of Pem- 
broke made the fame Report to the Lords, which 
is entered in their Journals. 

Next follows the King's Anfwer to the Propo- 
fitions, as put into Writing by his Majefty, and 
delivered to the Commiflioners. 




THE Propofitions tendered to his MajeJJy by the 
Commijjtoners from the Lords and Commons af- 
fembled in the Parliament of England at Weftmin- 
tfer, and the CommiJJioners -of the Parliament 0/"^ niv 
Scotland, (to which the Houfes of Parliament have poGtion*. 
taken twice fo many Months for Deliberation as 
they have ajfigned Days for his MajeJ}y's Anfwer) 
do import fo great Alterations in Government, both 
in the Church and Kingdom, as it is very difficult to 
return a particular and pofitive Anfwer, before a 
full Debate, wherein thcfe Propofitions and the ne- 
ujjai'y Explanations, true Senfe and Reafons there- 
of, be rightly weighed and underjlood ; and that his 
Mujefly, upon a full View of the whole Propofitions, 
may know what is left, as well as what is taken 
away and changed: In all which his Majejly finds ^ 
upon Difcourfe with the faid Commijfioners, that 
they are fo bound up from any Capacity either to 
give Reafons for the Demands they bring, or to give 
Ear to fuch Dejires as his Majejly is to propound, 
as it is impojfible for him to give fuch a prejent 
^Judgment of, and Anfwer to, thefe Propofitions^ 
whereby he can anfiuer to God, that a fafe and well 
grounded Peace will enfue ; which is evident to all 
the World can never be, unlefs the jujl Power of the 
Crown, as well as the Freedom and Property of the 
Subject, with the jujl Liberty and Privileges of Par- 
liament, be likewife fettled. 

To this End his Majejly dejires and propofeth to 
come to London, or any of his Houjes thereabouts, 
upon the Public Faith and Security of tie two Houfes 
of his Parliament, and the Scots Com?niJJijncrs, that 
he /hall be there with Freedom, Honour, and Safety ; 
where, by his perfonal Presence, he may not only raife 
a mutual Confidence betwixt him and his People, but 
alfo have thofe Doubts cleared, and thofe Difficulties 
explained unto him, which he now conceives to be 
dejlruSlive to his jujl Regal Power, if he JhouLl give 
a full Confent ti theft Propofitions as they noiv Jiand: 
A> likewife that he might make known to tbe:n fuch 
his reafonable Demands, as he is mojl aijured will be 

5 8 < The Parliamentary HISTORY 

A. C*r. I. wry m,uch conducible to that happy Peace which all 
t l6 4 6 - ^ good Afen dejlre and pray for ; by fettling of Religion, 
Aueuft *he jujl Privileges of Parliament^ -with the Freedom 
and Property of the SubjecJ. 

And his Majejly ajfures them, that at he can ne- 
ver condejcend unto what is absolutely dejlruftive t\ 
that juji Power which, by the Laws of God and the 
Land) he is born unto ; fo he will chearfully grant 
and give his Affent unto all fuch Bills at the Defer e 
of his two Houfes, or reafonable Demands for Scot- 
land, which /hall be really for the Good and Peace 
of his People, not having a Regard to his own Par- 
ticular, much lefs of any Body's elfc, in refpett to the 
Happinefs of thefe Kingdoms: wherefore his Ma~ 
jejly conjures them, as Chrijlians, as Subjefis, and 
as Men who defer e to leave a good Name behind them, 
that they will fa receive and make ufe of this An- 
Jwer, that all Iffues of Blsod may be flopped, and 
thefe tmhappy Dijlraftions peaceably fettled. 

At Newcajile the firft Day of Auguji, 1 646. 

P. S. Upon Ajfurance of a happy Agreement, his 
Majejly will immediately fend for the Prince, his 
Son, abfolutely anfwering for his perfect Obedience^ 
H return to this Kingdom. 

To the Speaker of the Houfe of Peers, to be 

This Anfwer, the Journal obferves, was read 
by the Report, but not admitted to be read by 
the Clerk. 

The fame Day the Speaker of the Houfe of 
Lords prefented a Letter which he had received 
from the Scots Commiflioners, which was read* 
and a Paper inclofed therein. 

Far the Right Hon. the S P E A K E R of the Houfe 
of PEEKS pro Tern pore. 

^ Letter prcfent- My Lord, 

e d to the Lords, qpHE Commiffioners of the Kingdom of 
SitnSon 0111 " 4 1 Scotland, who did attend his Majefty with 
th it Oration. the Propouiions of Peace, being now returned, 

cf E N G L A N D. 59 

* according to our Inftru&ions we have fent up this An - * 2 Car. 
' inclofed, which we defire your Lordfhip to com- t l6 * '_ t 

* municate to the Honourable Houfes when their Auguft. 
Commiflioners fent to his Majefty fhall make 

* Report of their Proceedings, and we remain 

jVorctftcr-Houfc, Tour Lord/hip's humble Servant s> 
Aug. 10, 1646. 



* ' ""HE fame Principles of brotherly Affe&ion, A Remonftrance 
JL which did induce both Kingdoms to a Con- S^ 01 ^ 
4 junction of their Councils and Forces in this offering to with- 
6 Caufe, move us at this Time to apply ourfelves draw their Ar- 
c to the moft real and effectual Ways which tend my ' 

to afpeedy Conclufion and amicable Parting, and 
6 to the preventing of Mifunderftandings between 

* the Kingdoms in any of thefe Things, which, 

* peradventure, our common Enemies look upon 
' with much Joy, as Occafions of Differences ; 
' for this End we h?ve not taken Notice of the 
c many bafe Calumnies and execrable Afperfions 

* caft upon the Kingdom of Scotland in printed 

* Pamphlets, and otherwife ; expecting, from the 
' Juftice and Wifdom of the Honourable Houfes, 
5 that they will of themfelves take fuch Courfe for 
' the Vindication of our Nation and Army, as the 
' Eftates of Scotland have fhewed themfelves ready 
' to do for them in the like Cafe. 

' Upon the Invitation of both Houfes, the King- 
c dom of Scotland did chearfully undertake, and 
' hath faithfully managed, their Afliftance to this 
' Kingdom, in purfuance of the Ends exprefs'd in 

* the Covenant. And the Forces of the common 
' Enerny being, by the Blefling of God upon the 
1 joint Endeavours of both Kingdoms, now broken 
' and fubdued, a Foundation being alfo laid, and 

* fome good Progrefs made in the Reformatian of 
' Religion, which we truft the Honourable Houfes 

' will, 

60 The Parliamentary H i s T o R Y 

. Car> * * will, according to the Covenant, fmcerely, really, 

_ 1 *' i ' an d conftantly profecute until it be perfected ; 

Auguft. ' that we may manifeft, to the Confciences of our 

4 Brethren and to all the World, how far it is, and 

' ever was, from the Thoughts or Intentions of 

* the Kingdom of Scotland to make ufe of their 
' Army in this Kingdom to any other Ends befides 
thofe exprefled in the Covenant ; and how much 
' they defire the preferving and perpetuating of 
' Peace and Amity between the Kingdoms, and the 

* eafing of theBurthens andPrefluresof this Nation; 
4 we do declare in their Name, That they are wil- 
' ling, forthwith, to furrendertheGarrifons poflefs'd 
' by them in this Kingdom, which they did keep 
' for no other End but the Safety and Security of 
' their Forces ; and, without Delay, to recall their 

* Army, reafonable Satisfaction being given for 
c their Pains, Hazards, Charges, and Sufferings ; 
' whereof a competent Proportion to be prefently 
' paid to the Army before their Difbanding, and 
' Security to be given for the Remainder at fuch 
' Times hereafter as (hall be mutually agreed on. 

' If any Forces (hall be kept on foot in either 
' Kingdom, we defire that they may be put under 
' the Command of fuch Perfons as are known to 
f be zealous for Reformation and Uniformity in 
' Religion, and moft tender of the Peace of the 

* Kingdoms, and againft whom neither of the 
' Kingdoms may have any juft Caufe of Jealoufy. 

' And whereas the Kingdom of Scotland hath 
1 been invaded, and is ftill infefted by Forces from 
' Ireland, it is expected that the Honourable 
' Houfes, according to the Large Treaty, will give 
' fuch Afliftance and Supply to the Kingdom of 
Scotland, as may fpeedily reduce thofe Rebels to 

* Obedience. 

' And, to the end there may in all Things be 
4 a good Underftandino; between the Kingdoms, 

* we further propofe, That whereas Proportions 

* for a fale and well-grounded Peace have been 

* lately fcnt to the Kin"- in the Name of borh 

of E N G L A N D. 6r 

c Kingdoms ; and, for obtaining his Majefty's An - * Car. 1. 

* Content thereunto, the utmoft Endeavours of the . * * __'_ , 

* Kingdom of Scotland have not been wanting, as Auguft. 

* may appear by the many Addrefles, Petitions, 
' and Solicitations to that End from the Army, the 

* Lords of his Majefty's Privy Council, the Com- 
' mittee of Eftates, and the General Aflembly of 

* the Church ; the Succefs whereof hath not an- 
fwered our Wifhes and Hopes, his Majefly, to 

' our unfpeakable Grief, not yet having agreed to 
4 thfi Propofitions ; we defire that the Honourable 
' Houfes may be pleafed to take fuch Courfe as, 

* by joint Advice of both Kingdoms engaged in the 

* fame Caufe, labouring under the fame Dangers, 

* and aiming at the fame Ends, we may confult 

* and refolve what is next to be done for the Peace 

* and Safety of thefe Kingdoms, both in relation 
' to his Majefty, and each Kingdom to the other j 

* being confident that the Refultof our joint Con- 
' fultations will be fuch as (hall provide for the 
' prefent and future Security of the Kingdoms, 
c and ftrengthen their Union between themfelves.' 

By Command of the CsmmiJJloncrs for the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland. 


After reading the foregoing Letter the Lords re- 
turned Thanks to the Earis of Pembroke and 
Suffolk for their Pains and Care in this Service ; 
and it was ordered that the King's Letter, and 
this Letter from the Scots Commiflioners, be com- 
municated to the Houfe of Commons at a Con- 
ference, and that a Committee be appointed to 
confider what is proper to be offered upon the Oc- 
cafion to induce their Concurrence; which being 
done accordingly, the Lord fPharton read the fol- 
lowing Report : 

' The Lords being inform'd, by the Commif- Reflation* of 
fioners, of the fair and cordial Carriage of our the Lords there- 
Brethren of Scotland, during the Time of their upon * 
being at Nnocqflte, and their earneft Endeavours 
for promoting the Propofitions ; and having recei- 

62 *Ihe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. az Car. I. ved from the Commiffioners 6f Scotland the Paper 
l6 * 6 ' now read, their Lordfhips think fit to obferve the 
^ Aoguft rea ^ E x P re ffins f the Faithfulnefs and Integrity 
of that Kingdom to this Kingdom and the com- 
mon Caufe, wherein both are fo happily united ; 
and they are refolved to ufe all Means that may 
clearly evidence to the Kingdom of Scotland, and 
the whole World, their good Affections to that 
Kingdom, and their Care to preferve inviolably 
the happy Union betwixt us and them, according 
to our Treaty and our folemn League and Cove- 
nant : Wherefore, 

c In the firft Place, the Lords have pafled this 
Ordinance to prevent the Abufes of fcandalous 
Pamphlets againft that Nation and Army, and de- 
fire your Concurrence therein^ viz. 

* Be it ordained by the Lords in Parliament af- 

* fembled, That all Devifers or Printers of any fcan- 
dalous Pamphlets or Papers, that fhall, from this 
prefent Day, be made or printed againft the 

* Kingdom of Scotland, or their Army refiding in 
c the Kingdom of England^ fliall be puniflied in a 
e parliamentary XVay, according to their Deme- 

* As to that of their Delivery of the Garrifons 
and withdrawing their Army, reafonable Satisfac- 
tion being given for their Pains and Hazard, Part 
in Hand, and Part hereafter upon Security as mail 
be agreed upon, the Lords do think it fit that fpee- 
dy Satisfaction be given them therein. 

' As to that of the Forces to be kept in each 
Kingdom, the Lords are refolved to employ fuch 
Perfons in this Kingdom as are faithful to the Ends 
contain'd in the Covenant, and the Peace of both 

* As to that concerning the affifting of the King- 
dom of Scotland againft the Rebels in Ireland^ 
which infeft them, the Lords think fit to obferve 
the Large Treaty in that Particular, as is defired ; 
and defire the Commons Concurrence therein. 

* As to the laft Part, concerning what is next 
to be done for the Peace and Good of both King- 

2 ' doms 

of E N G L A N D. 63 

cloms, in relation to the King, and each Kingdom An - ** Car. * 
to the other, the Lords think fit that a Commit- ^ ' *.' 
tee of both Kingdoms be appointed to confider of 
the Ways, and make Report to both Houfes.' Ac- 

The Lords named the following Committee on 
their Part, viz. the Earls of Northumberland^ EJ/ex 9 
Pembroke^ Sarum, Warwick^ Suffolk^ arid Man- 
ihe/ler, Lord Vicfcount Say and Sele, and the Lords 
rts. And the next Day, 

Aug. 13. A Conference being held between Which are corn- 
both Houfes on this Subjett, the Earl of Pembroke L *** 
acquainted the Commons, ' That he was command- conference! * 
ed to give an Account of the Carriage of the Scots 
Commiflioners that did attend his Majefty with 
the Proportions, and of the reft of the Scots Lords, 
and of the whole Nation there : That they did 
exprefs much Zeal, and Faithfulnefs, and Affec- 
tion to the Caufe j very much Love and Refpecl 
to the Commiflioners; Faith, Honour, and Ho- 
nefty in all their Carriage ; Earneftnefs and Free- 
dom towards the King ; Freenefs and Clearnefs 
towards our Commiflioners, and would do nothing 
without them, and were never from them when 
their Prefence could do them any Service** 

The next Day this being reported to the Com- 
mons, the foregoing Letter and Paper inclofed 
therein was read, and the Opinion of the Lords 
thereupon. Then an Ordinance for punifliing the 
Printers and Contrivers of all fcandalous Pamphlets 
or Papers againft the Kingdom of Scotland, or 
their Army refiding here, was read ; and a Motion 
being made for a fecond reading thereof, it was 
carried in the Affirmative by 130 Voices againft 
102. The Tellers on this remarkable Occafion 
were, for the Queftion, Mr. Holies and Sir Walter 
Erie (one of the Commifiioners that had attended 
the King with the Propofuions) ; againft it, Sir Ar- 
thur Heflerig and Sir John Evelyn of Wilts. And 
the Bill was ordered to be committed. 

Then it was refolved, without Divifion, 

j. That 

64 The "Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. z* Car. I. i. That the Sum of ioo,ooo/. be forthwith 1 

^ l646 ' j provided for the Scots Army, and paid unto them, 

A ft. upon the Marching of their Armies and Forces 

out of this Kingdom. 

Who thereupon 2< ' That the Members of this Houfe that are 
vote ioo,oool. of the Committee of both Kingdoms, or any four 
to the Scots Ar - of them, do communicate this Vote to the Scots 
my, on n . c omm jflj oners? an( j rece ive their Anfwer there- 
unto: And that they do acquaint them, That, 
upon the adjufting of the Accounts of their Ar- 
mies and Forces, whatfoever (hall appear to be 
due to them {hall be paid them, according to the 

Aug. 18. The Commons authorized fuch of 
their Members that were of the Committee of 
both Kingdoms, to confer with the Scots Ccmmif- 
fioners, and to know, what Sum would fatisfy 
them for all Demands from the Kingdom of En- 
gland^ exprefied in the before-mentioned Paper; 
what Sum they expected to be paid, in prefent, 
before their difbanding, and what for the future, 
and at what Times. And the next Day Mr. 
Crew reported, by Word of Mouth, That, in 
Difcourfe, the Scots Commiflioners faid, * That 
tne y ex P e & e d 6oo,ooo/. of which 3oo,ooo/. to 
^ e P' 1 "^ prefently, and the remaining 30C,ooc/. 
at fuch Times as fhall be agreed upon ; but that 
confidering the Neceffities of this Kingdom, and 
the State of Ireland, they are content to take 
20C,ooo/. prefently, and 300,coc/. within a Year.' 

Aug. 20. The Commons refolvec', That the 

feveral Allowances of 4/. per Week, granted to 

their own Members (), and all Penfions appointed 

The Penfions to tn f e f either Houfe, be from henceforth dif- 

formerly allowed charged. This Vote is thus commented upon by 

to Members, dif- a Journalift of the Times (/): ' Thefe Penfions weic 

jtmued. allowed to many Members whofe Lands were 


C*)TheNanoe of thefe Members may be found in our i 3 th Vo- 
lume, p. 404. 
(/)Tke Dove, No 148, p. it. 

*f E N G L A N D. 65 

Wholly fequeftered "by the King, and (ome others ; An. z Car. li 

iut the King's Forces being, by God's Mercy, ^' * '_..i 

now broken, and the Kingdom under the Com- Auguft. 

mand of the Parliament, the Houfe voted, That 

they fliould be taken off; that Allowance being 

intended but for the Supply of their Neceflity, 

while they were deprived of their own Eftates. 

Such is the Care of th -.t Houfe, as clearly appear- 

6th, to eafe the Kingdom of Payments, and to 

ratify the Debts due to thofe that want : Let the: 

People exprefs their true Thankfulnefs b'/ their 

loving Submiffion and Obedience to their Orders 

and Commands, for it is not the leaft Evil to the 

Kingdom's Prejudice, that Men murmur againft 

and are jealous of their Prefervers, which is the 

Work and Defign of the Enemy to foment.' 

But to return to the Affair of the Scots Army. 

Aug. 21. The Commons, having taken Mt'. 
Crew's Report, before-mentioned, into Corifidera- 
tion, refolved, 

1. That 2co,ooo/. be provided frr the Scots 
Army; whereof the firft ioc,coo/. to be paid unt6 

them, upon the marching of their Armies and * ( < for* the* 
Forces out of this Kingdom, at fuch Time and scots Army. 
Place as hereafter (hall be exprefled. 

2. That the Time {hall be the i8th Day of 
September next. 

3. ' That it be referred to fuch Members as are 
of the Committee of both Kingdoms, to confer 
with the CommifRpners of Scotland concerning the 
Place for the Payment'of the firft ico,ooo /. 

4. * That the fecond ico,coo/. fhJi be paid at 
two equal Payments j the firft 50jC.ooA at the End 
of three Months, a,rid the fecond 5cq,oco/. at the 
End of nine Months; both accounting from the 
1 8th of September next.' And 

The Committee of the North^ with the Com- 
mittee for the Army, were ordered to prepare a 
general Eftimate of the Accounts of the Scots Ar- 
my ; to confider of the Eilinute fen: in by the Scots 
Cbmmiffimers i and what frull be thought fit to be . 

VOL. XV, brought 


Parliamentary HISTORY 

AD. 2* Car. I.-brought in, by way of Eftimate, to balance that, & 
^__J s ' j defalk. from it, or furcharge upon it. Accordingly,- 


Aug. 27. Mr. Stackdale reported a General Efti- 
j-S"". 1 * 8 of thc mate of the Accounts of the Scots Armv fmce their 

Debts due to /-^ j-> i i r i i ' /" T 

them, as ftated Coming into England, as fent in by their Commif- 
by t:-.e Englifh fioners ; and another Eftimate thereof, as ftated by 
gadjkots refpec- a Committee of the Houfe of Commons, with fe- 
Veral Objections to that delivered in by the Scots* 
All thefe are entered in the 'Journals', but no No- 
tice is therein .aken of the Scots Objections to the* 
Englijb Eftimate, nor of their Replies to the Ob^ 
jections of the Englijb. Thefe, however, we have 
fupplied from a Pamphlet of the Times (m] ; and 
have digefted the feveral Objections, both Englijb 
and Sc r is, by way of Anfwer* and Reply, as th 
beft Means of laying before the Public a juft View 
of this Difpute between the two Nations. 

*fbi Scots General EJlimate of the ACCOUNT s of their 
fince their Coming into England. 

Tl)e Kingdom of England Debtor. 

FOR the Charge of levying v arming, and 
bringing the Forces together, furnifh- 
ed, being 18,000 Foot, 2OocHorfe, icoo 
Dragooners effective, and upwards, and for 
fitting the Train of Artillery in readinefr to 
fnarch into England, according to the fourth 
Article of the Treaty, whereof an Account 
Was given totheCommiflioners of England, 
amounts to -------- 

Englifh Objection. By the fourth Article 
of the Treaty this is to be done at the fame 
Rates as if the Kingdom of Scotland were to 
Jaife the Army for their own Affairs : And 
therefore, until a particular Account be 
delivered in to the Parliament of England^ 
fcy which it may appear what Rates are 
tifual in the Kingdom of Scotland in fuch 
Cafes, and that the above Sum doth not 

87415 6 S 

over 87415 
(*) Printed fry Lattr, Chapman, ty Order of thc Salt Commiffiwers, 

6 8 



Brought ever 

Exceed thofe Rates, the fame cannot be 
Charged upon the Kingdom of England. 

Scots Reply* The above Charge is at 
the fame Rate as if the Kingdom of Scotland 
had raifed the Army for their own Affairs. 
The Charges were delivered to the Englijh 
Commifftoners, who did acquaint the Houfe 
of Commons with it. It cannot be expected 
that the Kingdom of Scotland Ihould enter- 
tain an Army for Englandat lower Ratesthan 
if it had been raifed for their own Affairs. 
Moreover, it being in the Winter Seafon 
when the Army was levied, it was the more 
chargeable ; fo that every SoldL-r had over 
and above the public Allowance, 10 s. a 
Man, which is not at all charged in the 
above Account. 

For 31, coo/, monthly all o-wed to the* 
Army and Garrifon of Benvick, towards 
the Charge thereof for 32 Months, from 
the i8th of January 164!, to the i8th of 
September 1646 next enfuing, there is 
due, according to the fifth Article of the 
Treaty for Afiiftance, and the firft Article 
of the Treaty for fettling a Garrifon in 
Berwick^ -------- 

By the fa"id fifth Article it is provided, - 
That the Kingdom of England fkall make 
due Recompence to the Kingdom of Scot- 
land, by way of brotherly Affiftance, for 
what they {hall have juft Caufe to demand 
when the Peace of the two Kingdoms is 
fettled, over and above the 31,000?. month* 
ly; whereupon is demanded, as Surplufage 
of the monthly Charge of the Army, over 
and above the 3i,ooc7. abovefaid, for the 
firft twelve Months, at the Rate of 25,ooo/. 
fer Month ---,--- 


992000 o 6 

300000 o o 

Carried wtr 1379415 6 8 

68 Ibe Parliamentary HISTORY 

/. s. A. 

Brought over 1379415 6 8 
For Surplufage of the Charge of theAr-"| 
my, from 'January 164*, to the 1 8th of I 
September next enfuing, being 20 Months, j 33 OOO 
according to the Mufter Rolls J 

Englifti Objettion. As to the two laft 
mentioned Articles, it is provided by the 
fifth Article of the Treaty, That if the 
Scots (hall have juft Caufe to demand fur- 
ther Satisfaction for. their Pains, Hazards, 
and Charges, (the 31, coo/, per Menfem 
being not a full monthly Pay for that Army) 
that then they fhall have due Recompence 
for the fame from the Parliament of Eng- 
land^ to whom the Juftice of the Demand 
v is to be made appear; and then their Pains, 
Hazards, and Charges are to be recompen- 
fed in a general Way, from the Good-will 
and Kindnefs of their Brethren of England: 
But the Surplufage of the faid monthly Pay 

is not to be charged upon the Kingdom of 

England as a Debt to that Army, or to our 

Brethren of Scotland. 

Scots Reply. The Kingdom of Scotland 

did accept of 31,0007. to be paid by the 

Month, and would demand no more for 

the prefent, in regard of the great Burdens 

of the Kingdom of England^ and fuperfeded 

the reft till the Peace of the two Kingdoms 

was fettled ; it being provided, by a general 

Claufe in the fifth Article of the Treaty, 

That the Kingdom of England (hall make 

due Recompence to the Kingdom of Scot- 

landy by way of brotherly Afliftance for 

what they (hall have juft Caufe to demand. 

And the Jurtice of their Demand will ap- 
pear very reafonable, when compared to the 

meaneft Rates of any Army in England, or 
the Scots Army in Ireland $ according to 
which the Coinmmittee of both Houfes did 

Carried over 1709415 




s. d. 
6 8 

Brought over 
offer to pay this Army in their Paper deli- 
vered to the Convention of the Eftates of 
Scotland, Augujl 19, 1643. 

For the levying of the Earl of Callender* s~\ 
Army, being near the Half of the Strength V 40000 o o 
of the firft Army. ------ J 

For their monthly Maintenance for fix -| 
Months, at the Rate of 20,000 /. per > 120000 o o 
Month, -- - - - ^ - - J 

Englifli Objeftlon, As to the two laft 
Articles ; although thefe Forces were invi- 
ted, by Order of Parliament, to come in 
for their Affiftance, yet no Treaty nor Efta- 
blifhment being concluded on for fettling a 
particular Pay for them, and their Numbers 
not increafmg the Earl of Leven's Army 
above the Number of 21,000 Men, con- 
tracted for by the Treaty, therefore this Sum, 
ought not to be charged upon the Kingr 
dom of England. 

Scots Reply. The Earl of Calender's 
Army was invited into this Kingdom by 
both Houfes, who therefore cannot in Juf- 
tice refufe to pay them. And whereas it is 
alledged, that the Number of the Earl of 

Calender's Army did not increafe the Earl 

of Leven's above the Number of 21,000 

Men ; it was often defired that a Mufter 

of them might be taken by the Honour-: 

able Houfes,. when both Armies were in 

England; which not being done, they can- 
not but admit the Mufters taken by fuch as 

are intruded by the Kingdom of Scotland 

for that Purpofe, and that in the ftricteft 

Way there ufed. Bcfides, the Forces of 

the Earl of Calender were not called in as 

Recruits, but as adiftinct Army, compofed 

pf their own Regiments, a General and _ 
Carried ovtr 1869415 

6 8 



Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

Brought over 1869415 6 
ether Officers, with a Train of Artillery, to 
block up Newcaftle, whilft the Army com- 
manded by the Earl of Leven was lying be- 
fore York. 

For Intereft of Monies not paid at their 'I 
due Time, according to the fifth Article of \ 6ooo0 O 
the Treaty, -------- J 

Englifh Objection. There can be ro fuch 
pemand made, becaufe the Money advan- 
ced and paid by the Parliament of England^ 
and the Free-quarter and Billet, with other 
Monies taken by the Scots Army, from, 
Time to Time, hath fupplied their Pay in, 
due Seafon according to the Treaty. 

Scots Reply, The Money paid by the 
Parliament, and the Free-quarters taken by 
the Scots being reckoned, the Committee 
refiding with them are able to make it ap- 
pear that a greater Sum is due for * 
than hath been demanded. 

The Eflimate of the great Lofles of the -\ 
Kingdom of Scotland, fuftained through our 
Engagements for this Kingdom, and the 
Invafion of the Irijh, which they are bound 
to preventer fupprefs, which, we are con- 
fident, is more than any other of the Ar- 
ticles, is left to the Confideration of the 
Honourable Houfes ------ 


6 8 

< The Kingdom of England Creditor, 
Received by the Armies, in Monies and " 
^rovifions, from Goldfmiths-Hall t Turners- 
Jiall) from the Commiffioners of Parlia- 
frient, the Mayor of Tork^ out of the Profits 
6f Coal, Cuftom, and Excife in the North, 
by way of AflefTment; as alfo by quarter- 
ing in Northumberland, Bifhoprickof Dur- 
})am, Yorkjhire, and Nottingham) whereof 
the Accounts have already been^nade. 

464063 o 


gf ENGLAND. 71 

/. s. d. 

Brought over 464063 o o 
Refts due for Quarterings of the Army, ^ 
whereof the Accounts are not yet made, as 
may be conjectured by Proportion with the > 219937 O O 
monthly Quarterings, whereof the Ac- I 

684000 O O 

counts have already been made, 

The Englifh State of the ACCOUNT with tie Scots Aimy^ b) 
of Eftimate, 

The Kingdom of England is Deb tor ' 

FOR the Entertainments of the Scots Ar- ^ 
my, and the Garrifon of Berwick, from 
the 1 8th of "January 1643, to the i8th of 
September 1646, being 32 Months, after the 
Rate of 3i,ooo/. per Menfem^ in cafe they 
did come in and continue in England the 992000 
Numbers of 18,000 Foot, 2000 Horfe, and 
1000 Dragoons, efFe6rivc, according to the 
Treaty of Afliftance and the Treaty for 
Berwick, the Sum of ----- 

lu M M' 

ittee I 
)lo- [ 
>. J 


The Kingdom ^/"England is Creditor 
For Monies paid towards the Entertain- 
ment of the Scots Army by the Committe 
at Goldfmitbs-Hall* from the 6th of Otto 
ber 1643, to the ift of November 1645 

Scots Objection. In this Account are 
comprifed feveral Provifions fent unto 
them, which were never delivered ; fome 
Part taken by the Enemy at Sea ; fome Part 
fpoiled and made ufelefs jbefides, no Freight 
or Damage in Carriage is here alllowed to 
the Soldier. 

o o 

For Money and Lead delivered to them, ^ 
by the Cpnimiflioners of both Kingdoms, > 
.t York) after the Rendition of that; Place* J 

9000 o o 

Carried over 229629 o o 


*?he 'Parliamentary HISTORY 

88ooo Q o 

"Brought over 229629 O 
For Provifions and Monies aflefled upon ' 

he County of York, by Order of the Com- 

jniffioners of both Kingdoms, and theCom- 

niittee of that County, within the Spate of 

four Month's during the Siege of York, and 

afterwards until they marched away to the 

Siege ofNewcaftle, after the Rate of 22,000/. 

"pet Mekfim, "''- - - ' - - - - - 
Scots Objeftion, They never received 

near that Sum, it being evident, by daily 

Experience, that Money fo collected doth 

never answer the proportion of the Affeff- 

For Cloth delivered to them by the In \ 
habitants in and about Leeds, prefently af- I 
ter the Siege of fork, by Order of the Com- f 1 0000 
miflioners qf both Kingdoms, - - - J 

Scots Objection, This, by Miftake, is 
twice charged, it being Part of the Money 
Formerly reckoned as received from the 
Committee at Goldfmitks-Hall. 

For Monies, Cloaths, Arms, and Provi- 
ficns furnifhed to them during the Siege of 
Newark^ by the Committee of Lords and 
Commons refiding W 5th the Army, the 9954 12 XJ 
Committee at ^ottivgham^ and the Com- 
mittees of Goldfmiths- Hall anH 1'urners- 

Scots Qtytftla*. With the Monies here 
nientioned they difcharged their Quarters, 
therefore not to be charged in this Account j 
by which there will be deducted 50,000 /, 

For Monies paid , them by the Lord 
JMayor of York, in June, *July, and Oc- 
tober, 164.5, - * - - 

1 700 o 

Carried over 428383 12 u 




Brought over 428383 
the Profits of- 

12 II 

For Monies arifing by 
jCoals in Ne-jucajlle and Sunderland, receiv'd 
by the Scots Army within the Space of one 
Year after the taking of that Town, which 
was in Oftober^ 1644, - 

For Monies paid to them out of theEx--j 
cife, befides 62l. included in the ijool. I 


paid by the Lord Maypr of Tork, 
Certificate from the Excife, 

For Monies arifing out of the Profits of 
Coals at Ne-wcajlle^ and other Northern 
Parts, from Qttober 1645, to the i8th of 
September 1646, which is all paid, and to be 
paid, to the Scots Army; and, by Eftimate 
made upon former Receipts, are proportion- 
ed to be --------- 

Scots Objection. The Monies in the three 
Jaft Articles amounting to 119,3857. I2J. 
fd. did in truth arife only to 8o,OOO/. be- 
caufe the Coals in the firft Year did arife to 
i os. per Chaldron, at which Rate they are 
ftill eftimated to the Scots, when the Years 
following they had but 51. per Chaldron ; 
So that here is to be a Deduction of near 
40,000 /. 

For Monies received by them, by way! 
of Compofition, for Coals and other Goods I - 
belonging to Delinquents and other Per- I 
fons, within and about the Town of New- . 
caftle^ fmce they entered and placed their | 
Garrifon there, by Eftimate - - - J 

Scots Objection. There was no Compo- 
fttion taken, but only what the Officers re- 
ceived to lave theHoufes of the Inhabitants 
from Plunder; which cannot be accounted 
as Part of the Pay of the Army, fmce the 
Town was taken by Storm. 

Carried over 

50000 o o 

16385 12 

5^000 O Q 

O O 


f 3 



The Parliamentary H I s T o R Y 

452000 o o 

Brought over 567769 5 

For Free-quarter and Billet taken by 
them in the Kingdom of England, from the 
i8th of January 1643, to the i8th of%>- 
jember 1646, admitting it no more than 
half their Pay, which is the leaft Propor- 
tion ufual in Armies ; and then in cafe they 
were, and always continued, the Numbers 
contracted for by the Treaty, and the fame 
Proportion of Pay arifmg to them, as by the 
Treaty is appointed, their Free-quarter and 
Billet, befides the four Months above char- 
ged within the Sum of 80,000 /. whilftthey 
lay at the Siege ofTork, will, byEftimate, 
amount unto - 

Scots Objection. The total Sum for 28 
Months will not amount to more than 
432,000 /. Befides, it is to be confidered, 
that only the Half of the Soldiers Pay is to 
be allowed for Quarters, and but a third 
Part of the Officers, which makes a great 
Deduction. Moreover it is known, that 
the firft fevenor eight Months after theEn- 
try of the Scots Army into this Kingdom, 
they received very little Provifion, the 
Country being in the Enemy's Power, fo 
that half of their Provifion did come month- 
ly from Scotland, notwithftanding the Pro- 
vifion received from London. 

For feveral great Sums of Money, aflefT--* 
^d and levied upon particular Perfons, for 
the Fifth and Twentieth Part, and other- 
wife, and alfo aflefs'd upon Townfhips, 
Conftableries, and Parities, within the 
Kingdom of England, and levied by them* 
by their own Power, without Confent of 
Parliament, befides the Free-quarter and 
Billet before-mentioned; which though 
fome Perfons do eftimate it at much more, 
yet here are valued no higher than 

403000 o e 

Carried over 1422769 

5 3 



Brought over 1422769 
Scots Objection. Thefe Afleflfments were 
only made in the Winter-time, and then 
the Quarters were deducted out of them, 
jmd but a fmall Proportion will be found 
pbove the Quarters and Billetings of the 
Army : So that this and the precedent Ar- 
ticle cannot confift together. 


For feveral great Proportions of Arms 
Ammunition, and Provifions of War, deli 
yered to the Scots Army, and eftimated at 
Scots Objection. Arms and Ammunition 
are not to be allowed as Part of the Army's 
Pay. The Kingdom of England, by the 
fourth Article of the Treaty, is obliged to 
repay the Kingdom of Scotland the Train 
of Artillery, and other Neccflaries ready 
to march, which is all they are to find. 
Again, it is impofiible that the Arms and 
Ammunition delivered fhould come near 
that Sum : So that thefe Exceptions being 
confidered', the Scots have only as yet re- 
ceived the Sum of 700,0007. . 

Sum Total of the Particulars aforefaid 
Befides what the Scots Army hath taken 
from the People of England, by Plunder of 
Merchandize, Houfhold Stuff, Horfes, 
Sheep and other Cattle and Goods ; which, 
in Value doth amount unto, if not exceed, 
any two of the Sums above-mentioned. 

Scots Anfwer. For Plunder; it is moft 
certain that many of the Englljh, pretend- 
ing themfelves to be Scots, have been ac- 
tive in plundering in the Country; greater 
Care hath been taken for fupprefling Dif- 
orders in the Scots Army in England than 
hath been in the Army of Scotland : Some 
have been put to Death for pilfering to the 
Value but of two Shillings. 

40000 o o 

1462769 5 3 


7 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

*"' 11 ?'* T * After readin ? t ne Eftimates, both 
, ^ * 4 ' , Sttfr, and the Objections to the latter, the Que- 
' Auguft. ftion was propofed, That fuch Members as are 
A third Sum of of tne Committee of both Kingdoms (hall have 
700,000 /. voted Power to offer unto the Commiffioners of Scotland^ 
forthebcouAr- ioo,ooo/. more than the 20O,ooo/. already voted; 
to be paid unto them at the End of twelve Months, 
to be accounted from the End of the nine Months 
whereon thelaft 50,000 /. Part of the faid 200,000 /. 
is ordered to be paid ; and for a Difcharge of all 
Demands from this Kingdom, exprefied in their 
Paper of the i8th of Augujl, if they (hall be con- 
tent therewith ; or, otherwife, to offer them to 
tome to an Account upon the firft 200,000 /. But 
a Motion being made for granting two hunderd 
thoufand Pounds additional inftead of one, this 
pafs'd in the Negative, by a Majority of 108 
againft ioij and the Propofal for only ioo,OOO/. 
more was agreed to. Then this Vote was ordered 
to be communicated to the Scots Commiffioners, 

and their Anfwer demanded. However, this 

Motion for 2OO,oco/. more was afterwards re- 
fumed, a$ will appear in the Sequel. 

The Lords had nothingbefbre them, for feveral 
Days, but private Caufes, and Ordinances for taking 
offSequeftrations from the Eftates of many unhappy 
Sufferers in the late Wars, by large Compofitions 
for them; the Multiplicity of which, being all par- 
ticularly recited, fwell their 'Journals to a very great 
Bulk, and are too extenfivefor our prefent Defign. 
We therefore conclude this Month with an Ordi- 
nance pafs'd, at this Time, for the Ordination of 
Minifters according to the Prefbyterian Plan, de- 
fign'd by both Nations to be the Eftablimment of 
this Ifland. 

An ORDINANCE concerning the Manner of Ordina- 
tion of Minifters in Clajffical Prejbyteries^ together 
with Rules for their Examination. 

An Ordinance c TTrfiereas the Word Prejbyter, that is to fay, 
' W El ^ and the Word &>#, do, in the 
* Holy Scripture, intend and fignify one and the 

' fame 

tf E N G L A N D. 77 

* fame Function j although the Title of Bi/hop An< " Car ' 
5 hath been, by corrupt Cuftom, appropriated to t l6 * 6 ' . 

* one, and that unto him afcribed, and by him af- Auguft, 

* fumed, as in other Things, fo in Matter ofOr- 

* dination that was not meetj which Ordination 
4 notwithftanding being perform'd by him, a Pref- 
4 byter, join'd with other Prefbyters, we hold for 
4 Subftance to be valid, and not to bedifclaimed by 
any that have received it; and that the Prefbyters 
4 fo ordained, being lawfully thereunto appointed 
' and authorized, may ordain other Prefbyters : 

4 And whereas alfo it is manifeft by the Word 

* of God, that no Man ought to take upon him- 
felf the Office of a Minifter, until he be lawfully 

* call'd and ordain'd thereunto; and that the 

* Work of Ordination, that is to fay, an outward 
4 folemn fetting apart of Perfons for the Office of 

* the Miniftry in the Church, by the preaching 
Prefbyters, is an Ordinance of Chrift, and to 

be perform'd with all due Care, Wifdom, Gra- 

* vity, and Solemnity: It is ordained by the Lords 

* and Commons aflembled in Parliament, after 
4 Advice had with the AfTembly of Divines con- 
4 veened at Wejiminjier, that the refpeftive Clafli- 
4 cal Prefbyters within their refpeftive Bounds, 
' may examine, approve, and ordain Prefbyters, 
4 according to the Diredory for Ordination and 
4 Rules of Examination hereafter exprefTed : 

/>>/?, * He that is to be ordained muft addrefs 
himfelf to the Prefbytery, and bring with him a 
1 Teftimonial of his taking the Covenant of the 
4 three Kingdoms, and of his Diligence and Profici- 
' encyin his Studies; what Degrees he hath taken 
4 in the Univerfity, and what hath been the Time 

* of his Abode there; and, withall, of his Age, 
4 which is to be twenty-four at theleaft; but efpe- 
4 cially of his Life and Converfation. 

Secondly, < The Prefbytery fhall proceed to en- 
4 quire touching the Grace of God in him, and 
4 whether he be of fuch Holinefs of Lif is is re- 
4 quifitein a Minifter of the Gofpd ; and to ex- 

* amine him touching his Learning and Sufficien- 

* cy 

7 8 The Parliamentary 

. 12 Car. I. < cy, and touching the Evidence of his Calling t& 
* 6 4-6. ^ < the holy Miniftry; and in particular his fair and 

* diredl Calling to that Place to which he is de- 
^ugmt. , ,, 

6 iign d 

The Rules fir EXAMINATION are tkefe: 
I * That the Party examined be dealt, with fri 

* a brotherly Way, with Mildnefs of Spirit, and 
' with fpecial Refpe& to the Gravity, Modefty, 

* and Quality of every one* 

2. * He fhall be examined touching his Skill irt 

* the original Tongues, and that Trial to be made 
' by reading the Hebrew and Greek Teftamcnt, 

* and rendering fome Portions of them into Latin j 

* and Inquiry alfo {hall be made after his Know- 
c ledge and Skill in Logic, Philofophy, and other 

* Learning, 

3. ' It (hall be required what Authors in Divi- 

* nity he hath read and is belt acquainted \vith$ 

* and whether he hath read and obferved tne Ec- 
clefiaftical Hiflory; and what his Skill is iri 

* the Chronology of Holy Scripture. 

4 * Trial fhall be made of his Knowledge in 

* the chief Grounds of Religionj and of his Abi- 

* lity to defend the orthodox Do&rine contained 
' in them againft all unfound and erroneous Opi- 

* nions, efpecially thofeofthe prcfent Age; alfo 

* his Skill in the Meaning of fuch Places of Scrip- 

* ture as fhall be propofed to himj alfo of his 

* Judgment in Cafes ol Confcience. 

5. ' If he hath not before preached in public 

* with Approbation of fuch as are of Ability ta 

* judge, he fhall, at a competent Time affigned 

* him, and before the Prefbytery, preach a Ser- 
1 mon upon fuch a Place of Scripture as fhall be 

* given him. 

6. ' He fhall, in a competent Time alfo, frame 
' aDifcourfe in Latin upon fuch a common Place 

* or Controverfy in Divinity as fhall be afligired 
him, and exhibit to the Prefbytery fuch Thefes 

* as exprefs the Sum thereof, and maintain a Dif- 

* pute upon them 3 alfo he fhall preach before the 

< People | 

of E N G L A N D. 79 

* People; the Prefbytery, or fomeofthe Miniflers An. aa Car. I 

* of the Word appointed by them, "being prefent. * 6 4 6 - ^ 

7. ' The Proportion of his Gifts, in relation Au v u ft 4 
to the Place to which he is called, fhall be con- 


8. ' Befules the Trial of his Gifs in Preach- 
' ing, he fliall undergo an Examination in the 

* Premifles two feveral Days or morej if the Pref- 

* byteryftiall judge it neceflary. 

Thirdly , ' After which he, being approved^ is to 

* be fent to the Church or Place where he is to 

* ferve, if it may be done with Safety and Conve- 
4 niency, there to preach three feveral Days, and t<* 

* converfe with the People, that they may have 
' Trial of his Gifts for their Edification, and may 
' have Time and Leifure to inquire into and the 
' better to know his Life and Converfation. 

Fourthly^ * In the laft of thefe three Days ap- 
' pointed for the making known of his Gifts in 
6 preaching, there fliall be fent from the Prefbytery 
' to the Congregation a public Inftrument in W,ri- 

* ting, which fhall publickly be read amongft the 

* People, and after affix'd to the Church-Door, to 

* fignify on fuch a Day any Member of the* faid 
' Congregation, or any other Perfon whatfoever, 
' may put in, with all Chriftian Difcretion and 

* Mecknefs, what Exceptions they have againft 
4 him, before the Prefbytery fliall proceed to Or- 

* dination. 

Fifthly^ * Upon the Day appointed for Ordina- 
c tion, which is to be perform'd in that Church 

* where he that is to be ordained is to ferve, if it 

* may be done with Safety and Conveniency, a-fo- 
' lemn Fafl? fliall be kept by the Congregation, that 
' they may the more earneftly join in Prayer to 
' God for a BlefSng upon the Perfon and Labour 

* of this his Servant, folemnly to be fet apart to 

* the Office of the Miniftry for their Good; the 
4 Prefbytery fhall come to the Place, or fome Mi- 
nifter-s of the Word, five at leaft, fhall be fsnt 

* from the Prefbytery, whereof one {ball preach 

' to 

An. az Car. I. 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

to the People concerning the Office and Duty 
of the Minifters of Chrift, and how the People 
ought to efteem him for his Work's Sake. 
Sixthly^ ' After the Sermon is ended, the Mini- 
fter that hath preached {hall, in the Face of th 
Congregation, demand of him who is now to be 
ordained concerning his Faith in Chrift Jefus,' 
and his Perfuafion of the Reform'd Religion ac- 
cording to the Scriptures, his fincere Ends and 1 
Intentions in defiring to enter in this Calling, his 
Resolution to ufe coriftant Diligence in Prayer, 
Reading, Meditation, Preaching, Miniftring thd 
Sacrament, and doing all Minifterial Duties to- 
wards his Charge, with his whole Defire, as irf 
the Prefence of God, fo as may moft further 
their Edification 2nd Salvation ; his Zeal and 
Faithfulnefs in maintaining the Truth of the 
Gofpel and Purity of the Church againft Erro* 
and Schifm ; his Care that himfelf and Family 
may be unblameable and Examples to the Flock, 
and that his tull Purpcfe is to continue in his 
Duty againft all Trouble and Perfecution. 
Seventhly^ ' In all which having declared him- 
felf, profefled his Willingnefs, and promifed his 
Endeavour, by the Help of God, the Minifters 
fent from the Prefbytery (hall folemnly fe, him. 
apart to the Office and Work of the Miniftry, 
laying their 'Hands upon him, with a fhort 
Prayer or Bleffing to this Effect : 
Thankfully acknowledging the great Mercy of 
Cod in fending Jefus Chrifi for the Redemption 
cf his People^ and for his Ajcenfion to the Right . 
Hand of God the Father ', and in the pouring out of 
his- Spirit, and giving Gifts to Men^ Apojihs, Evan- 
gelijls* Prophets^ Pajlors^ and Teachers^ for the 
gathering and building up of his Church^ and fdr 
fitting and inclining this Man to this great Work ; 
and to lefeech him to fill him with his Holy Spirit, 
vubo, in his Name, we fet apart to this Idy * e:- vise, 
to fulfil the Work of the Mini/fry in ,/// Things* 
that he may both fave himfelf and the People cort- 
mitted to his Charge, 

< Eighthly f 


Eighthly, c This, or the like, Form of Prayer or An. 21 Car. 

' Bleffing being ended, let the Minifter who t *^' 

* preached briefly exhort him to confuier of the Aujuit. 
' Greatnefs of his Office and \V.;r!;; the Danger . 

' of Negligence both to himfelf and his People; 

* the Blemng which will accompany his Faithful** 
4 nefs in this Life and that to come.: Withal let 
' him exhort the People, and charge them in the 
' Name of God, willingly to receive and acknow- 
' ledge him as the Miniiter of Chrift, and to main- 
' tain, encourage, and affift him in all the Parts of 

* his Office ; and fo, by Prayer, commending both 
' him and his Flock to the Grace of God, after 
' the Tinging of a Pfalm, let the AfTembly be dif- 
' miffed with a Bleiling. 

Ninthly, * Let fuch as are appointed for the 

* Service of the Army, Navy, College, or other 

* Charge, be ordained as aforefaid in fuch Cljurch 

< as the Claflical Prefbytery, to which they {hall 

< addrefs themfelves, fhall think fit ; and fuch Al- 

< teration made, by the Minifies that ordain them, 
' from the Exhortation laft befbfc prefcribed, as 
the Circumflances of Place and Perfcn fhall re- 
' quire. 

Tenthly, ' Let every one who is appointed for 
4 any Place or Congregation, not being at that 
Time within the Bounds of any Claflical Pref- 
* bytery, be ordained by that Claflis of Prefbyters 
' which he {hall addrefs himfelf unto, or by five, 
' or any greater Number^ of the Minifters of the 
' Word to be ferit from that Prefbytery ; which 
' Ordination is to be perform'd according to the 
' Rules and Directions before prefcribed, as far 
' as with Safety and Convenicncy may be. 

4 And be it further ordained by the Lords and 
' Commons, That every Perfon formerly ordained 

* as a Pre{byter, according to the Form of Ordi- 

* nation which hath been held in the Church of 

* England, and is to be removed to another Charge, 

* do bring to the Prefbytery where he is to be placed, 
' if there be any, and, if not, then to fome other 
' Prefbytery, a Teftimoniai of his Ordination, and 

VOL. XV. F 'of 

ne Parliamentary HISTORY 

of his Abilities and Converfation, whereupon his 
Fitnefs for that Place to which he is to be rema- 
' ved fhall be tried by his preaching there ; and,, 
if it fhall be judged neceflary, by a further Exa- 
' mination ; and fo, without any new Ordination,. 
c he fliall be admitted, if he be approved as fit for 
' that Place : And if any. Perfon ordained a Mini- 
* fterin Scotland, or iaany other Reform'd Church, 

* be defrgn'd to a Congregation in England, he is 
' to bring from that Church to the Prefbytery 
* where he is to be placed, if there be any, and if 

* not, then to fome other Prefbytery, a fufficient 

* Teffimonial of his Ordination, of his Life and 
' Converfation while he lived with them, and of 
' the Caufes of his Removal ; and to undergo 
' fuch Trial of his Fitnefs and Sufficiency, and 
' to have the fame Courfe held with him in othfjr 
* Particulars as is fet down, in the foregoing Rule 
* and Provifion, touching the Examination and 
c Admiffion of Perfons formerly ordained in Eng- 

And it is farther ordained, That Records be 
*" carefully kept by the Regifter to be nominated 
' by the Prefbytery, of the Names of the Perfons 

* ordained, with their Teftimonals of the Time 

* and Place of Ordination, and of the Miniflers 
' who did ordain them, and of the Charge to 
c which they are appointed ; and that no Money or 

* Gift of what Kind foever fhall be received from 

* the Perfon'to be ordained, or from any on his 
c Behalf, for Ordination, or ought elfe belong- 

* ing to it, by the Prefbytery, or any appertaining- 

* to any of them, upon what Pretence foever, ex- 
c cept to the Regifter for the Entry, Inftruments, 

* and Teftimonials of his Ordination, which fhall 

* not exceed the Sum often Shillings for each 
Perfon ordained. 

' And it is further ordained, That all Perfons 

* who (hall beordained Prefbyters according to this 

* Directory, fhall be for ever reputed as authorized 

* Minifters of the Church of England, and as 
< capabifr of any miaifterial Employment in the 

' Church* 

0f ENGLAND. 83 

Church, with the Rights and Profits belonging An - 6 Car - 

thereunto, as any other Prefbyters whatfoever al- t ' 4 ' 

ready ordained, or hereafter to be ordained; and Ausufi. 

all Prefbyters who are hereby authorized to 

ordain, and {hall, according to this prefent Direc- 

tory, ordain anyone or more Prefbyters, are here- 

by declared to perform an acceptable Service to 

this Church and Kingdom, and (hall have the 

Protection of both Houfes of Parliament for their 

Indemnity ; and what Prefbytery foever, being in 

due Manner defired, {hall, without juft Caufe, 

refufe or defer to ordain any Prefbyter, who, by 

the Rules and Directions of this Oidinance, ought 

to be ordain'd, orfhall neglect to obferve the So- 

lemnity of Ordination in that decent, grave, and 

godly Manner as is meet, it is hereby declared 

they are guilty of a very great Offence, and deferve 

fevere Punifhment. Provided, That this Ordi- 

nance fhall ftand in full Force for three Years ? 

and no longer.' 

The laft Propofitions for Peace fent to the King 
having met with no better Fate than thofe which 
had been formerly offered to him, his Majefty's 
Anfwer to them we find was after the flrft Read- 
ing, not the leaft taken Notice of by either Houfe 
of Parliament. During the Commiffioners Stay 
at Newcaftle, the Earl of Loudon, Lord-Chancelr 
lor of Scotland, addrefs'd himfelf to the- King in 
the following Speech () : 

May it pleafe your 
* XT' OUR Majefty was pleated, on Monday laft, 

\ to call the Lords of your Privy-Council of The Earl of 
Scotland and the Committee, to acquaint them with London's Speech 
the Propofitions ; and told them, That before the Sg *?/! 
Delivery of your Anfwer you would make the fame fent to the Pro- 
known to them. The Time afiigned for the Stay pfaf 
of the Commiffioners is fo fhort, and the Confe- 
F 2 quence 

(n) From the Edinburgh Edition, printed by Evjtn Tyler, the 
King's Printer. 

84 $&* Parliamentary H i s T o R r 

'An. 22 Car.- - T , quence of your Majefty's Anfwer is of fo grea^ 

v l645 ' _ l m P ortance > either for the Prefervation or Ruin 

A v j^ of your Crown and Kingdoms, as we could not be 

anfwerable to God, nor to that Truft repofed in us, 

unlefs we reprelent to your Majefty how neceflary 

it is (as the Condition of Affairs now ftand, and 

in fo great an Extremity) that your Majefty (hould 

afTent to the Propofitions, and that the Danger and 

Lofs of your Refufal will be rcmedilefs, and bring; 

on fudden Ruin and Deftruilion. 

* I lhall begin firft with the laft, which is the 
Danger, and fnall next fpeak-a Word oftheRe- 
medy. The Dirlerences between your Majefty 
and your Parliament (which no Man knows better 
than your ftlf) are grown to fuch a 

Height, that, arter fo many bloody Battles, there is 
r.o Cure bat a prc lent Peace ; othenvife nothing carv 
he expected but certain Deftruclio.n. The Parlia- 
ments potfefled of your Navy, and of all the Forts, 
Garrifons, and Strong-holds of the Kingdom: 
They have the Excife, Aflefirnen'ts, and Sequeftra- 
tions at their Difpofal, and have Authority to raife 
all the Men and Money in the Kingdom ; and, 
after many Victories and great Succefies, they 
have a ftrong Army on Foot, and are now in fuch 
a Pofture for Strength and Power, as they are in a 
Capacity to do what they will both in Church and 
State : And fome are fo afraid, others fo unwilling, 
to fubmit themfelves to your Majefty's Govern- 
ment, as they defire not you, nor any of your 
Race, longer to reign over them : Yet the People 
are fo wearied of the Wars, and great Burdens 
-they -groan under; are fo defirous of Peace, and 
loath to have Monarchical Government (under 
which they have lived fo long in Peace and Plenty) 
changed, that fuch as are wearied of your Ma- 
jefty's Government, dare not attempt to caft it 
totally off till once they fend Propofitions of Peace 
to your Majefty, left the People (without whofe 
Concurrence they arc not able to carry on their 
Defign) fhould fall from them. And therefore all 


rf E N G L A N D. 

the People beingdefirous, that, after fo great Wars An 
and Troubles, they may have a perfect Security 
from Opprcfllon and arbitrary Power, the Houfes 
of Parliament have refolved upon the Proportions 
which are tendered to your Majefty, as that with- 
out which the Kingdom and your People cannot 
be in Safety ; and moft Part of the People think, 
That there cannot be a firm Peace upon any other 

* Your Majefty 's Friends, and the CommifEoners 
from Scotland, after all the Wreftling they could, 
were forced to confent to the fending of thofe Pro- 
pofitions, or to be hated as the Hinderers of Peace, 
and to fend no Proportions at alL And now, Sir, 
if your Majefty, which God forbid, (hall refufe 
to aflent to the Propofitions, you will lofe all 
your Friends, lofe the City and all the Country, 
and all England will join againft you as one Man; 
and (when all Hope of Reconciliation is paft) it is 
to be feared they will procefs and depofe you, and 
fet up another Government ; they will charge us 
to deliver your Majefty to them, and to render ths 
Northern Garrifon, and to remove our Army out 
of England-, and upon your Majefty's refufmg the; 
Propofitions, both Kingdoms will be conftraincd, 
for their mutual Safety, to agree and fetile Reli- 
gion and Peace without you; which, to ourun- 
fpeakable Grief, will ruin your Majefty and your 
Pofterity. And if your Ma>f y reject our faithful 
Advice, (who defire nothing on Earth more than 
the Eftablimment of your Majefty's Throne) and 
lofe England by your Wilfulnefs; your Majefty 
will not be permittted to come and ruin Scotland. 

' Sir, We have laid our Hand upon our Hearts ; 
xve have afk'd Counfel and Direction from God, and 
have had our moft ferious Thoughts about the Re- 
medy ; but can find no other (as Affairs ftand for the 
prefent) to fave your Crown and Kingdoms, than 
your Majefty's Affenting to the Propofitions. We 
dare not fay but they are higher in fome Things (if 
Jt were in our Power and Option to remedy it) than 
F 3 " we 

86 T^e Parliamentary HISTORY 

A. =1 Car. I. we J approve of: But when we fee no other Mean* 
l6 * 6 _ J f r cu " n g tne Diftempers of the Kingdoms, and 
Auguft. clofin* the Breaches between your Majefty and 
your Parliaments, our moft humble and faithful 
Advice is, That your Majefty would be gracioufly 
pleafed to aflimt to them, as the only beft Way to 
procure 2. fpeedy and happy Peace ; becaufe your 
Majefty (hall thereby have many great Advantages; 
you will be received again in your Parliament, 
with the Aoplaufe and Acclamations of your Peo- 
ple; by your Royal Prefence your Friends Willis 
ilrengthened ; your Enemies (who fear nothing fo 
much as the granting of the Propofitions) will be 
weakened; your Majefty will have a fit Opportu- 
nity to offer fuch Propofitions as you (hall, in your 
Wifdom, judge fit for the Crown and Kingdom ; 
all Armies will be difbanded ; and your People 
finding the fweet Fruitb of your peaceable Govern- 
ment, your Majefty will sain their Hearts and Af- 
feclions, which will be your Strength and Glory, 
and will recover all that your Majefty hath loft in 
this Time of Tempeft and Trouble. And if it 
pleafe God fo to incline your Royal Heart to this 
Advice of your humble and faithful Servants, who, 
next to the Honour of God, efteem nothing more 
precious than the Safety of yourPerfon and Crown, 
cur Adions (hall quickly make it appear to all the 
World, That we efteem no Hazard too great for 
your Majefty's Safety, and that we are willing to 
Sacrifice cur Lives and Fortunes for eftablifhing of 
your Throne. And now, Sir, we proftrate ourfelves 
at your Majefty's Feet, and, in the loweft Pofture 
of Humility, do beg, That your Majefty may, in 
the End, grant the Suit of your moft humble Ser- 
vants and faithful Subjects, who have no private 
Aims, but only the Glory of God, and Safety of 
your Majefty's Perfon, Pofterity, and Crown be- 
fore our Eyes. And the Granting of our Defircs 
will revive our fainting Spirits, refrefli our fad 
Hearts, which are overwhelmed and like to break 
v/hh Sorrow, and will turn the Prayers antf Tears 



of the many Thoufands of your People in Pfaifes An. Car. I. 
to God, and make them embrace your Majefty ) _ ^ 
with Acclamations of Joy.' 

Mr. WTj'itlocke obferves on this Occafion(a), That The King's 
the King did not abfolutely refufe to pafs the Pro- Reafons for hw 
pofitions, but faid to the Scots Commifiioners, Rcfui " 1 ' 
who prefled him to it, ' That he hoped the Par- 
liament would give him a Hearing ; which, for 
better Accomodation, he defired might be near 
London ; and doubted not, after a full Hearing, he 
fhould not only give but receive Satisfaction.' 
But his Majefty's Refolution not to give up Epif- 
copacy in Church-Government, which he had 
fworn at his Coronation to fupport, was fo fix'd 
and determined, that neither adverfe Fortune nor 
Argument could prevail upon him to yield in this 
Particular; although the famous Scots Divine, Mr. 
Alexander Henderfon, came to Neiuca/lle> in or- 
Jer to perfuade the King to comply with the Com- 
miflioners Propofals for eftablifhing of Prefbytery. 
All the Papers pro and con in this Cpntroverfy, 
collected together, are extent at this Day (/) ; anjl, 
as Rujhworth remarks (r), * fully (hew his Ma- 
jefty's great Abilities at a Time when he could 
not have the Afiiftance of any of his Chaplains.' 
Mr. ZK^W; writes (</), ' That another Reafon for the 
King's refufing his Confent to the Proportions, be- 
fides his Adherence to Epifcopacy, was, That he 
had private Encouragement from Ibme of the Scots 
and Englijh^ to expect more eafy Terms, or to be 
received without any at all.' 

September i. The Scots Commiffioners having 
prefented their Anfwer to the Englijh Eftimate and 
Exceptions, which we have already given, as alfo 
to the Commons Otter of 300,000 /. and the fame 
being twice read, a Motion was made for taking 
F 4 the 

(a) Meir.srialt, p. aiy. 

(b) In Roy/ion's Ediuon of the Kir.p's Workt, and fereral othcx 

(c) CaUtfiioat, Vol VI. p. jai, (f) Mimtirt. Val. I. p. 18 v 

88 ' 7^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

A. * Car> ' the fame into prefent Confideration, which was a- 

^ ] 3 _'_, greed to by a Majority of 129 againft 106 : And 

September, then the Queftion which had been rejected a few 
Days before for adding a fourth ioo,ooo/. was 
A fourth Sum of carried by 140, againft 101; but^the Common* 
joc.ooc/. voted refolved to adhere to their former Votes, as to the 
for the Scots Ar- Time and Manner of the Payment of the 3co,ooc/, 
tut Times of ~ a l rea< ty voted; and that the Time for the Pay- 
Payment, ment of this laft iop 5 occ/. now voted, fhould be 
at the End of twelve Months, to be accounted 
from the Time aifigned for the Payment of the 
laft IOO,OOO/. of the 300,0007. formerly voted. 
And this Refolution, as the former ha.d been, was 
ordered to be communicated to the Scots Comr 
miflioners, and their immediate Anfwer required ; 
which being the next Day reported by Sir Henry 
Vane, jun. the Commons again refolved to adhere 
to their former Votes, as to the Time and Man- 
ner of the Payment of the 400,000 /. to the King- 
dom of Scotland; that fuch Members of their 
Houfe as were of the Committee of both King- 
doms, or any four of them, do, that Afternoon, 
' communicate the faid Refolution to the Scots Com- 
miifioners, and offer to them Reafons why the 
Houfe doth adhere to their fprmer Votes ; to con- 
fer with them about the Place for receiving of 
their Money; and to declare unto them, that it is 
cxpe&ed that, upon the Payment of the firft 
j 00,000 /. as' afqrefaid, their Armies and Forces 
<3o march out of this Kingdom. But, 

On the 4th of this Month, the Scots Commif- 

fioners, not fotisBed with thefe Rcfolutiuns of the 

Commons, j.ixfaued the. following Papers to- the 

' Houfe of Lords, avid relied to their Speaker, which 

>vc give from ilicir journals: 

Their Commit -Right Honourable, 

fioner* offer Re* ir T PON the nth of Auguft we delivered ir 
S S tbeprt - ' V a Paper ta both Houfes, declaring the Wil- 
Payment of ' lingnefs of the Kinedcm of Scotland to recall theii 
ooo,coo/. * Army cut bfili&lCingdomj and furrender thi 


of E N G L A N D. 

* Garrifons poffefled by them, reafonable Satisfac- Aa - 

* tion being given for their Pains, Hazard, and , 
' Charges, and we now defire your Lordfiiip to 

* communicate the Papers here inclofed to the 
' Houfe of Peers, and we remain 

Woraflir Houff, Your Lorciffjip's Servants* 
./.. j, i6- T e. 




A Paper of the Scats Commiflioners, touching 
their Army and their Pay, was read. 

Sept. 2, 1646. 

* ''STTHereas we delivered in to the Honourable 
' W Houfes a Paper of the nth of AuguJ^ 
' containing feveral Particulars of high Concern- 
' ment and great Importance to the Peace and 

* Safety of thefe Kingdoms ; and we have received 
c the Vote of the Houfe of Commons concerning 

* that Part thereof for Satisfaction to the Army : 
' That the Refolution of the Honourable Houfes 

* upon the reft of the Papers, upon which fo much 
' depends, maynot be retarded by any Differences 
' concerning Satisfaction to be given to our Army : 

* and to evidence our Senfe of the Burdens of this 
' Kingdom, we are willing to accept, as the low- 
' eft Sum that can poflibly give any Satisfaction, 

* or whereunto we can condefcend, the Sum of 
' 400,0007. of which 2OO,ooo/ leaft, to be paid 
' and delivered to the Treafurers of the Army at 

* Ne^wcaftle^ before their marching away j and the 
other 2oo,ooo/. to be fecured in fuch Manner 

< and paid at fuch Times and Places, as (hall be 
agreed upon; which we hope the Houfes will 

< think moft juft and reafonable, confidering that 
t the Kingdom of England, which, at the firft 
t Time of our Engagement in this War for their 

Affiftance, was in "the grcateft Diftrefs, is now, 
by the Blefling of God, by the Endeavours and 

* Force? 

90 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 Car. I. Forces of both Kingdoms, relieved and eafed t 

L I * 46 ' ^ ' whereas the Kingdom of Scotland^ at that Tim e 

September. * * n P eace and Profperity, hath been, by this War, 

* involved in greater Calamities and Sufferings 
' than either we or our Fathers have^formerly felt; 
* and whoever will make a due Comparifon, can- 

* not but know how much England is made better, 

* and Scotland worfe, by their Engagement in this 

* War; confidering alfo that our~Army in this 

* Kingdom have ferved near three Years, be- 

* fides thofe in Scotland who ferved near two 

* Years in that Kingdom; that they have, for the 
e Space of five Months, had no Pay ; and when 

* they were paid, it was not according to the Pay 

* of other Armies, our Foot, for divers Months 

* together, not having received above a Penny 
' Halfpenny per Diem ; which they were the more 
willing to bear, in hopes of due Satisfaction and 

* Recompence in the Conclufion. And now if 
they fliould be fo far fruftrated of their Expe&a- 

* tions, as to be difmiffed in a far worfe Condition 

* than when they came into this Kingdom, (for 

* they came extraordinarily well provided both for 

* Arms and Money, to the great Charge and Ex- 

* pence of our Nation) and withall to find their 

* own native Country in a much worfe Condi tiori 

* than they left it, they would certainly fee them- 
felves ill recompenfed ; and therefore, after the 
Army itfelf hath ferved fo faithfully, and their 

< Country hath fuffered fo extremely for their En- 

* gagement with this Kingdom, we .cannot expect 

* but to fend home an unfatisfied and difcontented 
Army into a ruined and impoverifhed Country, 

* will be far from the Thoughts of the Honourable 
Houfes. But if, after we have fo freely, plainly 
and clearly acquainted the Honourable Houfes 

* with the leaft Sum that can poflibly give Satis fac- 
' tion, our Offer (hall not be accepted, we defire 

* that the Houfes would be pleafed to appoint a 
Committee to concur with the Committee of the 
Parliament of Scotland, for the prclent adjuftingof 

< our Accounts 3 whereujUo we have ever been moft 

4 willing 


willing fince the coming of our Army into this An - 21 Car - 
Kingdom, to the end that juft Satisfaction may . * * ' , 
be made : Accordingly we do, with all Earneft- September, 
nefs, defireand expeCtthat the Honourable Houfes 
will fo accelerate their Refolutions concerning the 
Satisfaction of our Army, that they may, without 
further Delay, proceed to the Confidcration of the 
Remainder of our Paper of the nth of Auguft ; 
that, by joint Advice, a final End may be put to 
thefe unnatural Wars, all Occafions of Difcord 
may be wifely prevented for the future, and con- 
ftant Unity and Amity preferved between the 

By Command of the Commijfioners for the Parlia- 
ment $/" Scotland. 


A fecond Paper of the Scots Commiflioners 
was read. 

' \T7^ ^ aye rece ' vc ^ tne Votes of the Ho- 
' W nourable Houfe of Commons, of the firft 

* of September, wherewith we reft f ' isfied, as to 

* the Sum, with the greater Contentment that our 
' Agreement in this is unto us a Ground of Con- 

* fidence there (hall be in all other Things a happy 

* Accord between the Kingdoms; only, again, 
' we are neceifitated to prefent unto this Honour- 
' able Houfe, that a lefs Sum than 200,000 /. for 
' the prefent, cannot give Satisfaction to the Army; 
' and, befides the Reafons formerly mentioned, we 

' do earneftly intreat the Houfes to confider that . 
' we are limited by pofitive InftruCtions not to ac- 

* cept of a fmaller Sum. And further, the Com- 
' mittee of Eftates of the. Kingdom of Scotland^ 
c upon Sight of our Paper oftheiSth of Augujl, 
4 (wherein v/e had intimated to the Houfes that that 
c Sum might poflibly give Satisfaction to the Army) 
' have repeated their former IndlruCtions, with 

* exprefs Directions that we (hall upon no Terms 

* accept of a lete Sum than 2C0 3 ooo/. for the pre- 

* fent: 

. 'The Parliamentary H i s T o R r 

fent; but ufc all our Endeavour for more, in re~ 
gard of the urgent and preffing Neceflities of the 
September. Army. This being the real and true State of 
the Bufinefs, the Intereft of the fecond hundred 
thoufand Pounds is but a fmall Lofs, and the Ho- 
nourable Houfes can afford many Ways of Se- 
curity to raiie it, which is no ways in our Power 
to do: Whereas, on the other Part, the Preju- 
dice by Delay and Expence of Time in repre- 
fenting this to the Committee of Eftates and Ge- 
neral Officers with the Army, and to the Com- 
mittee of Eftates in Scotland^ muft needs be 
great; and we, being limited by pofitive Inftruc- 
tions and renewed Directions, have no Hope "to 
obtain it : Wherefore it is our earneft Requeft to 
the Honourable Houfes, that they would be 
pleafed to agreee to the advancing of 200,000 /. 
before the Removal of our Army ; that the Means 
may be effectual for the End, and the common 
Defires of both may not, upon fo fmall a Dif- 
ference, run the Hazard of being fruftrated and 

e Concerning the Times of Payment, and Se- 
curity to be given for the Remainder, we defire 
to have a Conference with fuch as the Honour- 
able Houfes fhall appoint, wherein we fhall ufe 
our beft Endeavours to give Satisfaction. 
By Command of the CommiJJtoners for the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland. 


A third Paper from the Scots Commiflioners 
was read. 

Sept. 4, 1646. 

* \T/E do return this Anfwer 1 to the Votes of 

* W the Honourable Houfe of Commons of 
the fecond of this Inftant, That our earneft De T 

* fire to entertain a good Underftanding between 
the Kingdoms, and to" accelerate the fettling 

< of all Affairs between them, moved us to go 

< upon the total Sum, though in Equity and Juftice 

* a far 

of E N G L A N D. 93 

( * a far greater Sum might have been exposed; An * " F" 1 
and the fame Affection and Zeal did induce us i * * '_' , 
freely to^exprefs what was the leaft Proportion September, 
of that Sum that might, for the prefent, give Sa- 
tisfaction to the Army before the Removal of it 
out of this Kingdom ; which, upon ferious Con- 
fideration of the Reafons formerly given, will 
clearly appear to be juft and neceflary ; for, up- 
on mod accurate Inquiry, 20O,OOO/. was found 
to be the leaft Sum that could poffibly give Sa- 
tisfaction for the prefent j whereupon Inftruc- 
tions were given us, with pofltive and exprefs 
Limitations, upon no Terms to accept of lefs, 
but to ufe our beft Endeavours for a greater ; 
and, obferving the Truft committed to us, we 
cannot recede from what we have, with very 
great Freedom and Plainnefs, already declared : 
Wherefore, fith it is impoflible with a fmaller 
Sum to give Satisfaction to the Army, which is 
extreme neceflitous for the prefent, and upontheir 
difbanding may bedifperfed into feveral Nations, 
whereby they cannot attend for further Satisfac- 
tion: And fmce there are fo many Ways and 
Means in the Power of the Houfes for to raife 
the fame, whereof fome were reprefented in Con- 
ference, we cannot but expect that the Honour- 
able Houfes, in Juftice to fatisfy an Army that 
has done and fuffered fo much for them, out of 
their earned Defire to relieve the North of this 
Kingdom of their heavy Preflures, and that our 
common Defire of removing that Army out of 
this Kingdom may not be fruftrated, will effec- 
tually apply themfelves to the readieft Means 
which may advance the Sum defired. 
' Concerning the Place of receiving of the Mo- 
nies ; we defire it may be confidered that, when 
Inftrudtipns were given us about that Particular, 
the Committee of the Eftates of the Kingdom of 
Scotland did not call it in Queftion but that the 
fame Way would be obferved as was in the Year 
1641 : But if our Defire to have the Monies de- 
livered at Nnutajlle give any Ground of Jea- 

' loufy 

94 T&- Parliamentary H I s TOR Y* 

An. a 2 Car. i.< ] ufy or Suspicion, we are confident, the Sum 

v * * , ' i upon, and AiFurance being given for 

September. ' tu - .iicrcof, the Committee of Eftates 

4 would agree to fome convenient Place between 
4 AVzwY7/?2?and Scotland where it may be received j 

* and before the Receipt of it, to deliver up New- 
4 caftle to fuch as the Parliament (hall appoint : 

* And if there be any Doubt concerning the Sur- 
4 render of the other Garrifons and ^Removal of 

* the Army out of this Kingdom, although fuch 
4 has been their Integrity as they have given no 
4 Occafion for fuch Sufpicion; and although there 

* be many more Grounds of Confidence, from the 

* Covenant and Treaty, than was the laft Time an 

* Army from Scotland was in this Kingdom ; yet 
4 that all Scruple may be removed and Jealoufy 

* cured, there is nothing ufed in the like Cafes a- 
4 mong other Nations which {hall not be willing - 
4 ly granted ; and though when the Sum prefently 

* cleared is paid, there will ftill remain in the 

* Hands of the Kingdom of England great Sums 

* of Money due to the Kingdom of Scotland, 

* which of itfelf might be a fufficient Security - t 
4 yet, as we have before exprefied, the Sum being 

* agreed upon, and Aflurance giveh for Delivery 

* thereof, and Security for Payment of the Re- 
4 mainder, we make no Doubt but whatfoever Af- 
4 furance can in reafon be demanded, will freely 
4 be granted by the Committee of Eftates with the 
4 Army and by the General Officers, as to their 
4 Removal out of this Kingdom and Surrender of 
4 all the Garrifons, Berwick and Carlifle being dif- 

. * pofed of according to the Treaty between the 
4 Kingdoms ; all which may be fo done, as needs 
4 not to be any Hinderance to the prefent providing 
4 of the Sum defired, nor to any other Proceedings, 
4 fince all the Particulars concerning mutual Af- 
4 furance may eafily be tranfa&ed while the Mo- 
4 ney is providing. 

y Command of the CommiJJioners for the Par- 
liament ^/"Scotland. 

5 The 


The Lords ordered all the foregoing Papers to An. 22 Car. *. 
te communicated to the Houfe of Commons, t 164.6. ^ 
which was done accordingly : And the next Day, September. 
September 5, the fame being read there, a Mo- 
tion was made for adhering to their former Votes, x^hkh being 
as to the Time and Manner of the Payment of communicated t 
the 400,000 /. to the Kingdom of Scotland; bat t th * c r jj^ 
it palled in the Negative, by H2 againft 102. Im-^^ h?t Sum 
mediately after which a Committee was appointed of the city of 
to go to, and to have Power to treat with, the L 0!uloft - 
Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common-Council 
of the City of London, or any other Pcrfons,, for 
borrowing 200,000 /. as foon as might be, for the 
Service of the State ; to confider of all Ways and 
Means for raHing of the faid Sum, and to offer 
Securities for the fame. 

It was alfo ordered that fuch Members as are of 
the Committee of both Kingdoms, do confer with 
the Scots. Commiilioners, and receive Satisfaction 
from them concerning the Delivery up of the, 
Garrifons, and the Marching of their Armies and 
Forces out of this Kingdom j and to defire them, 
if they want any Powers, that they would fpeedily- 
procure the fame from, the Kingdom of Scotland $ 
to the end the Delivery up of the Garrifons, and 
the Marching away of their Armies and Forces, 
may be afcertained between the two Kingdoms j 
and like wife to declare, whether they have Inftruc- 
tions to make any other Demands, before the 
Marching away of their Forces j and, if they hare, 
what thofe other Demands are. 

Sept. 19. Mr. Holies reported from the Com- 
mon-Council of London, their Anfwer to the Pro- 
pofal for borrowing 200,000 L of that City. 

Commune Concilium tent, in Camera Guildhalf, 

Civitatis London, nono Die Septembris 1646. 
4 ' I S HIS Court having received a Proportion 
X from the Honourable Houfe of Commons, * p "P faI *< 
* by a Committee thereof, for the Advance 
do humbly return this Anfwer : 


9 6 73k Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 Car. I. * That the beft\Vay, in their Opinion, to pro-' 
l6 4 6 - c cure rhe Advance of the frme is, That every 

, Se tembsr ' P er f n w k k atn advanced any Money, Plate, or 
' Horfes, with their Furniture and Arms. -- 
e the Public Faith, may, for every Sum cf A'Joney 
' he (hall further lend upon this new Proportion, 

* be fecured a like Sum more out oi" the Receipts 
' of the Grand Excife in Courfe, and the Sule of 

* Bifhops Lands, which fhali fir ft happen, 

' ther with Intereft after the Rate of 8 /. per Cent. 
' 'per Ann. to be paid every fix Months out of the 
' Receipts of the Excife, till Principal and Intereft 

* be fully difcharged. 

' As for Example : If there be owing; to any Per- 
' fon'ioo/. Principal, v/hich, with Intereft due 
' thereupon for three Years paft, will m;ikei24/. 
' he, advancing 124 /. more, may be fecured for 
c the whole 2487. as aforefaid, and fo proportion- 
' ably for a greater or lefsS urn, and according to 

* the Intereft due thereupon : And, for the more 

* fpeedy reimburfing of the faid Monies fecured 
" and lent upon this new Propofuion, thaf. the laid 
' Lands of the Biihops be prefently inftalled and 

* made over unto fuch Feoffees for the fpeedy Sale 

* thereof, and fuch Treafurers for the Receipt of 

* the Monies, as may give beft Satisfaction to the 

* Lenders. 

' And upon the Propofition and Security afore- 

* faid, this Court will contribute their beft Endea- 
' vours for the railing of the faid 200,000 /. if the 

* Parliament in their Wifdom (hall fo think fit.' 

Upon reading the foregoing Propofal from the 
it y of London, the Commons having declared, 
Commons, with That by the Words Rljhop's Lands they did not 
Thankt. intend that either Imprepriaticns or ddvowfans 

fhould pafs, it was proppled to add Delinquents 
EJlates, which was carried by 105 againft roo. 
The Tellers for this Addition, Sir Arthur Hefdrlg 
and Sir John Evelyn of /^V/j; againft it, Mr. 
Holies and Sir P:> ' ; p Stapylion. And the Propofal 
thus amended was accepted by the Houfe, who 

of E N G L A N i). 97 

Returned Thanks to the City for their ready AfFec- An. Car. i. 
tions exprefled in this Bufmefs. 

After which a Motion being made for defiring 
the Lords Concurrence with this Propofal from the 
City, it was carried in the Affirmative by 82 
Voices againft 64. The Tellers for the Queftion, 
Sir John Trevor and Sir Philip Stapylton ; againft 
it, Sir Peter ?Pentworth t and Gen. Cromwell. 

We have been the more particular in fetting 
down the Numbers on each Divifion, and the 
Names of the Tellers on every Queftion, relating 
to this Affair, not only from the Importance of the 
Subject, but as thefe Particulars will greatly illu- 
ftrate the fubfequertt Proceedings in regard to the 
Scots delivering up the Perfon of the King to the 
Englljb Parliament; 

On thei4th of this Month died, the Parliament's The beatk of thi 
late General, the Earl of Effex. The Houfes 
being informed thereof the next Day$ they im- 
mediately adjourned, In Senfe 6f the fad Lofs of 
the Earl of Eflex, a Perfon of fucb eminent Worth 
and Service to the Parliament ; as their Journals ex- 
prefs it. 

Although both Mr. Whitloch arid Mr. Rttjh- 
ivortb mention the Death of this Nobleman, yet 
neither of them acquaint us with the Manner of 
Occafion of it ; which having been much contro- 
verted, we fhall give the Sentiments of lome other 
Contemporary Writers on that Subjecl; 

One ofthejokrnafi/h (</) of thefe Times tells us; 
< That this Day died the Nobie Earl of E/ex, one JJ 
that flood up for, and was conftant unto, the In- o rar y writer- 
tereft of England \ and fo continued, when others thereupon, 
turn'd* and turn'dj and turn'd again. Ke was but 
a fmall Time ill, of a healthful Conftitution, and 
died of an Apoplexy/ 

Another exprefles himfelf in this Manner (), 
* Some fay that this Earl died of art Apoplexy, 

VOL. XV. G fom* 

(a) The ModtrnH Intefligitctr, No. go, p. 647. 

ff) Miert -Ckrirnttn, Stfttfittr 14, annex'd to A'frnriis R*fii(nt< 

98 The Parliamentary H i s f o R y 

'An. 22. Car. I. fome of a Surfeit, others of the Plague, and many 
t * *'___, thought he was poifon'd ; but whether he was or 
September. ^^ ^ was confefled by all Men that he died fud- 
denljrj and it is moft certain the Parliament fu- 
fpecled him to harbour fome honourable Thoughts 
of his Majefty, and that was Reafon enough to 
kill him by one Means or other.'--The Truth of 
this laft Aflertion we know not ; but thus much 
appears from the Journals of the Commons, that 
they look'd upon it as fo fcandalous a Reflec- 
tion, that they appointed a Committee to find out 
the Author and Printer of this News Paper. 

Lord Clarendon (c] agrees with the laft Writer as 
to the Rumour of theEarl's being poifon'd, and his 
good Intentions towards the King; which laft he 
imputes c to a Refentment of the Indignities himfelf 
had received from the ungrateful Parliament, and 
a wonderful Apprehenfion and Deteftation of the 
Ruin he faw like to befall the King and the King- 
dom ;' adding, ' That Cromwell and his Party were 
wonderfully exalted with his Death, he being the 
only Perfon whofe Credit and Intereft they fear'd 
without any Efteem of his Perfon.' 

Mr. Ludlow informs us (), ' That the Earl's 
Death was occafioned by his having over-heated 
himfelf in the Chaca of a Stag in Windfor Foreft ; 
and that it was a great Lofs to thofe of his Party, 
who, to keep up their Spirits and Credit, procu- 
red his Funeral to be celebrated with great Mag- 
nificence, at the Charge of the Public.' By which 
Manner of Expreflion, he feems to confirm the 
foregoing Obfervations as to the Earl's Inclinations 
towards the King. He alfo concurs with Lord 
Clarendon's Opinion of Cromwell, faying, ' He 
was perfuaded the Lieutenant-General had alrea- 
dy conceived the Defign of dcftroying the Civil 
Authority, and fetting up for himfelf.' 

This Digreffion concerning a Nobleman, who 
made ib great a Figure in the Tranfations of 


(r) Hiftory, 8w. Edition, Vd, V. p. 41. 
, Vol. I. p. 185. 

of E N G L A N D. 99 

thefe Times, will, we prefume, be thought nei- An - 
ther tedious nor unnecefiary (e}. 

But betides the Lofs which the Lords had fuf- September 
tained by the Death of this Peer, the whole Power 
and Authority of that Houfe began now to totter. The Lords order 
Lilburnes Attack againft this Body was not fingu- a Pamphlet, 
Jar; there were many other Pamphlets publifhed wrote a 8 ainft the 
about this Time, endeavouring to fap the Foun- burntf*' l 
dation of the antient Jurifdi6tion of the Peers. 
One of thefe, particularly, was ccnfured the i6th 
of this Month by the Lords, and ordered to be 
burnt by the Hands of the common Hangman. It 
had this bold Title, A Defiance again/I the arbitrary 
Ujui'pations^ or Encroachments , either of the Houfe 
of Lords^ or any other, upon the Sovereignty of the 
Houfe of Commons the High Court of Judicature 
of the Land; or upon the Rights^ Properties^ and 
Freedoms of the People in general. 

Sept. 24. A Meflage came up from the Com- 
mons this Day, to put the Lords in mind of two 
Votes concerning the Difpofal of the Perfon of 
the King, which had laid before them a long Time. 
The Lords ordered thefe Votes to be immediately 
read, and went into a Committee to confider of 
them; and, after a very long Debate, as the Jour- 
nals exprefs it, the Houfe being renamed, the 
Queftion was put, Whether the two Votes, as 
fent up from the Houfe of Commons, mould now 
pafs , ? the Numbers flood eleven and eleven. Then 
a fecond Queftion was put, Whether the Houfe 
mould fit. that Afternoon, and debate thisBufinefs 
again ? and it palled in the Affirmative. 

Accordingly, at the faid Time, it was again de- An <l agree to tw- 
bated, and the firft Vote being read In hxc Verba, commots^con- 
' Refohed, upon the Queftion, That the Perfon ceming theDif- 
of the King (hall be difpofed of as both Houfes of P" fal of he 
the Parliament of England mall think fit,' it was Klng ' lP 
G 2 agreed 

(e) Septtmt>er 16. The Lords ordered a Writ to be fent to Sir Wel- 
ter Devereux, Bart, te take his Seat in their Heufe as Vifcount 
Hereford, that Honour defccniing to him by the Eafl of without I flue. 

i oo l^e Parliamentary Hi s T o R v 

An. a* Car. I. agreed to, the following Lords entering their 
.. l64 ' 6 ' i Names as diflenting thereto, 




Then the next Vote being read, * Refohed, &fr. 
That this Houfe doth declare, That whatsoever 
Conference, Confultation, or Debate fhall be had 
with the Commiflioners of Scotland, concerning 
the Difpofal of the Perfon of the King, it (hall 
not be underftood to be any Capitulation, in rela- 
tion to retarding the March of the Scots Armies and 
Forces out of the Kingdom, or of any Treaty be- 
tween the Kingdoms concerning the fame :' And 
the Queftion being again put, Whether this Vote 
fhould fo pafs ? it was alfo carried in the A firma- 
tive, without any Diflent enter'd againft it. A 
Committee of fourteen Lords was likewife ap- 
A Committee of pointed to confer, confult, and debate on the Sub- 
both Houf " o jj e ~ r jec~l of the foregoing Votes, with the Scots Com- 
SS the Scots " miflioners ; and a proportionable Number of the 
Commiffionerj Commons were defired to join with them, which 
thereupon. t h e y agreed to. 

October. The chief Bufmefs of all this Month 
was debating and difputing about the Difpofal of 
the King's Perfon, in eonfequence of the fofego- 
ing Votes ; the Commons pofitively aflerting it a^ 
the fole and abfolute Right of the Englijh Nation, 
the King being in England; and the Scots Com- 
miflioners as ftrongly inftfting on their Join Right 
therein. The Arguments, on the Scots Side, are 
entered in the Lords "Journals ; and were printed in 
a fingle Pamphlet of this Time, which is in our 
Collection, together with fome Speeches of thq 
Lord Chancellor of Scotland, delivered at different 
Meetings of the Englijh and Scots Commiilion- 
crs for this Bufinefs. The Printer of this Pam- 
phlet, we find, was afterwards queftioned for it in 
the Houfe of Lords ; tho', upon proving that it wa* 
licenfed by one Mablot, afligned to that Office, he 
" was difmifTed. But that this Affair was more nar- 

*/ ENGLAND. 101 

rowly fearched into by the Commons, is certain An - ** Car. I. 
from the Proceedings in their journals : For, upon t _' [ * ' j 
a ftricl Examination of the Printers, they found that oftober. 
the Preface to thefe Speeches, to be printed with 
them, was given to Lawrence Chapman, aBookfeller, 
by the the Lord Chancellor of Scotland 1 s own Hand. 
On which the following Obfervations were made : 
Firft, That to have Arguments held forth to the 
Kingdom, againft the Judgment of Parliament, in 
Matters of this Importance, is not for the Good 
of the Kingdom. Next, To have Arguments 
printed all on one Side, and none of the other, is 
not to deal fairly with the Kingdom. Laftly, To 
defire the Lords, That a Committee may be ap- 
pointed to join with one of their Houfe, to confidcr 
of fome Way of righting the Houfes, and to prevent 
Inconveniences of the like Nature for the future. 

But the Scots, being aware of fome Impediment 
to their Pamphlet in London, had taken Care to 
have another printed, by the King's Printer, at 
Edinburgh (/?) ; which, by comparing with the En- 
tries in the Lords Journals, is found to agree ex- 
actly, except as to the Lord Chancellor's Speeches; 
which we here alfo fubjoin, in order to fet this 
Argument in its full Light (b}. 

'The LORD-CHANCELLOR of Scotland's firfl 
SPEECH at a Conference, in the Painted-Cham- 
ber, with a Committee of both Hoitfes, O<5t. 1,1646. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
* "TPHE End of this Conference is to advifcThcEarlofLoa- 

JL what is fit to be done for the Peace and don't Speech 
Security of the Kingdoms, in relation to the King, 
G 3 ' a 

fa) E-v*n Tyler. 

(b) The Editor of thefe Speeches introduces them thus to the Rea- 
der ; I underfland that the Right Hat. tbc Lord-Char.cdkr of Scot- 
land had not Right dom him bj the printed Copy of bit Speech to tie 
King'' Majcfty at Newcaftle, concerning the Pr'.poftiont of Peace, 
there being in that Cj>y Error t and Orn-jjions, and both material ; 
iobicb bath moved me to rtfelve, at to print tie former [already given 
at p. 83.] according to tbc true Copy, fo, for preventing tbt like 
Mijlalfa and Mifreprefentatiers, firft to procure to myfelf, and noi:' 
to sommunicatt tt tie fublic Vicu) t tbt true Tranfcripti of tbeft fttft 

102 TJjs Parliamentary HISTORY 

. ai Car. I. a nd how to difpofe of his Majefty's Perfon, which 
* 6 * 6 ' , is a Matter very ticklifli, and of moft high Con- 
October, cernment ; and they who would build very high, 
muft dig very low for a firm Foundation: And 
therefore I (hall make bold to defire, That what- 
ever we refolve upon concerning the King's Ma- 
jefty, it may be done by joint Advice and Confent 
of both Kingdoms ; and that the Unity between 
the Kingdoms may be inviolably preferred, as that 
wherein (next to God's Protection) the chief 
Strength of both lies, which mould be laid as a 
Ground of our future Debates. And becaufe the 
Purpofe we are to fpeak of is very grave and feri- 
ous, I (hall fpeak of it with that Sincerity, as I 
wifh my Words were written with the Beams of 
the Sun, and regiftered to Pofterity, that all the 
World might fee the Candour and Integrity of our 
Proceedings towards the King and our Brethren of 
England : And, as I had occalion once to exprefs 
in this Place, fo do I now fay, That no Man hath 
Confcience nor Honour who will not remember 
our Solemn League and Covenant, as the ftrongeft 
Bond under Heaven between God and Man, be- 
tween Alan and Man, and between Nation and 
Nation; in which our Unity is founded upon Ve- 
rity in a threefold Relation, to God, to the King, 
and amongft ourfelves: The firft is the greateft, 
and afcends as high as Heaven ; for Religion, 
which hath its Name a Religando, unites us to 
. God himfelf ; and fo long as he is in League with 
us, we need not fear who be againft us. Let us 
therefore hold faft our Unity in Religion, and be- 
ware of Toleration of all Religions, which is the 
ready Way to have none; for there is nothing more 
divine in God than Unity, and nothing more di- 
abolical in the Devil than Divifion, who therefore 
is known to the Vulgar by his cloven Foot to be 
the Spirit of Divifion. 

The next Ground and Relation of our Unity 
is with the King, to whom we are bound (in the 
flricteft Bonds of loyal Subjection) by our Alle- 
giance and Covenant, as to one Head and Mo- 
narch ; 

^ENGLAND. 105 

narch ; and therefore the faithful Endeavours of Al >' Car. I, 
both Kingdoms fhould, without wearying, be t l6 * 6 ' J 
conftantly contributed, that we may be united to oftober. 
him by a happy and jufl Peace; for if one of the 
Kingdoms (hall caft off the King, and the other 
have a King ; if the one {hall make Peace with the 
King, and the other not make Peace, but be frill 
at Variance with him, it is to be feared that no 
human Wit nor Policy will be able to keep the 
two Kingdoms long without a Rupture: And if it 
pleafe God fo to incline the King's Heart, and di- 
rect the Wifdom of the Parliaments, as that the 
King and we could make a happy Agreement, no 
Power or Policy can be able to divide us; for 
qui convenlunt uni tert'io^ coveniunt inter fi. 

' The third Ground and Relation of our Unity 
is the Conjunction of the two Kingdoms ; which 
hath been acknowledged to be fo neceflary and 
ufeful to both, that they have often declared they 
would {land and fall, and, like Hippocrates' s Twins, 
live and die together. And, therefore, as we 
regard our Solemn League and Covenant with God 
Almighty, and tender the Standing and Safety of 
the Kingdoms, let us, with one Heart and Mind, 
join our Counfels and Actions, that whatfoever 
we refolve upon for our common Peace and Secu- 
rity in relation to the King, and of each King- 
dom to other, may be done in Zeal to Religion, 
in Loyalty to the King, and with Unanimity a- 
mongft ourfelves. And as the Pythagoreans did 
note the Number of two with the Kingdoms (hall 
as being the firft Number that durft part from 
Unity (rn) ; fo, which foever of the Kingdoms fhall 
firft violate the Unity which is bound up in our 
Covenant, may apply it to themfelves : But if we 
fhall adhere to that Unity which is builded upon 
the firm Foundation of Verity, in our Relations 
to Religion, the King, and amongft ourfelves, it 
will be a threefold Cord which is noteafily broken ; 
G 4 and 

(m) Numrru) Binariui t'nfamh (Jl, %uia frirtut aufut eji 
tb Unnate, 

1 04 Tfa Parliamentary HISTORY" 

An. 22 Car. I. and our Unity, I hope, fhall be turned into a 
l6 ^ 6 - Identity, and both Kingdoms may be perfectly one 4 
' Having thus, in the firft Place, laid a Ground 
for Unity of Counfels and Refolutions, I fhall, in 
the next Place, humbly defire and proteft, That 
whatever may be our Propofitions or Debates con- 
cerning the King, it be not mif-conftrued as if 
One of the Kingdoms were impofing Conditions 
upon the other, or that we are abfolutely wedded to 
any one Defire more than to another ; but that 
(all feveral Ways being amicably debated and 
rightly pondered,) that which may ferve moft for 
the Safety, Security^ and rjappinefs of the King, 
raid both Kingdoms, may be gravdy refolved upon. 
Andnowl come to the Queftion itfelf, concerning 
the difpofing of his Majefty's Perfon ; firft nega- 
tively, and then pofitively : Negatively, the Quef- 
tion is not of the Power and Authority of the 
Houfes of Parliament in difpofing of any Perfon, 
pr judging of any Cafe which is of fingle Concern- 
ment to England; nor is the Queftion how the 
King's Perfen may be difpofed of, de Fatto, by any 
one of the Kingdoms; neither is the Queftion pro- 
perly de jure Cf pffi, but de effe^j bene effe; And 
as it is neither good Logic nor good Divinity to 
argue a pajfi ad cffe ; fo fure I am, in this Cafe, it 
is far worfe Policy for either Kingdom to difpute 
what they may de in the Height of their Power, 
when both are confulting what is fitteft to be done 
for the Peace and Security of both. And the Re- 
lation of both Kingdoms to his Ivfajefty, ?nd of 
each Kingdom to other, being rightly conftdered, 
as he is King to both ; as both are Subjects to him ; 
as both are engaged in the fame Caufe, and have 
been in the fame \Var, and are labouring under 
the fame Danger ; are feeking the fame Remedies, 
and fhould have the fame Security; we do hold. 
That the difpofing of the King's Perfon doth not 
properly belong to any one of the Kingdoms, but 
jointly to both. And after Scotland hath fuffered 
the Heat of the Day and Winter's Cold ; have for- 
faken their own Peace for Love of their Brethren ^ 


*f ENGLAND. 105 

have fet their own Houfeon Fire to quench theirs ; An. 22 Car. I* 

after fo much Expcnce of their Blood in all the 

three Kingdoms ; after we have gone along with 

you in all the Hardfhip of this War, and (without 

Vanity be it fpoken) have been fo ufeful in this 

Caufe; and that the King hath caft himfelf into 

the Hands of the Scots Army ; and that, by the 

Blcfling of God upon the joint Endeavours of 

both Kingdoms, we are come to the Harbour of a 

Peace ; we cannot expect that the Honourable 

Houfes will think it agreeable with Confcience or 

Honour, or with the Juftice of the Houfes, that 

the Perfon of the King mould be difpofed of by 

them, as they (hall think fit, or by any one of the 

Kingdoms alone ; but that whatever mall be re- 

folved in this may be done by joint Advke of both, 

as may ferve moft for the Peace, Security, and 

Happuiefs of both Kingdoms.' 

The LORD-CHANCELLOR of Scotland's fecmJ 
SPEECH, Oft. 6. 

JMy Lords and Gentlemen t 
* AT our laft Metting in this Conference, your 

l\ Lordfhips did affert the Vote of the Houfes, fccoad Meeting. 
That the Perfon of the King fhould be difpofed on 
as the two Houfes fhall think fit; and we did 
hold, That the King, who is the Head and Mo- 
narch of both Kingdoms, ought not to be difpofed 
of by any one of the Kingdoms, but by joint Ad- 
vice of both, as might ferve moft for the Peace, 
Happinefs, and Security of his Majefty and both 
Kingdoms ; which we fortify with feveral Argu- 
ments from thelnterefts and Relations which both 
Kingdoms have equally to the King, and from the 
Covenant and Treaty between the Kingdoms, as 
the beft Way to preferve our Unity. But fince 
your Lordfhips do adhere to the Vote of the 
Houies, as that which you cannot part from, we do 
humbly dcfire, That your Lordfhips may be 
pleafed (in Time convenient, at the Clofe of this 
2 Con- 

1 06 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

21 Car. I. Conference) to report the Difference of our Judg- 
l6 4&- ment to the Honourable Houfes ; who, upon better 
ftob'sr. Reafons, both may, and, we hope will, take their 

Vote into further Confideration : And fo, with 
Refervation of our Judgment, That the difpofmg 
of his Majefty's Perfon doth belong to both, and 
not any one of the Kingdoms, efpecially in fitch a 
Juncture of Affairs as both Kingdoms ftand en- 
gaged in this Caufe, I (hall dcfcend particularly 
how the King's Perfon ihould be difpofcd of to 
the beft Advantage of both Kingdoms, and for at- 
taining fuch a happy Peace as all good Men fhould 

4 But leaft we fhould walk in the Dark upon 
Obfcurity of ambiguous Words, I (hall defire, 
That the Words Difpofmg of the King's Perfon 

- may be rightly underitood, and the true Senfe of 
it may be clearly known : For, Dolus verfatur 
in Univerfalibus. And, To difpofe of the King's 

' Perfon, as both Houfes, or both Kingdoms, Jhnll 
think fit, may, -in fome Senfe, be to depofe, or 
worfe : But becaufe the Word difpofe may ad- 
mit a more benign Interpretation, as when Men 
commit their Eftates and Children, or that which 
is deareft to them to be difpofed of (which is - but 
to be a^vifed) by thofe who have neareft Relation 
to them, and in whom they repofe moft Truft, 
I fhall fpeak of the difpofmg of his Majefty's 
Royal Perfon in that Senfe, which, I hope, is alfo 
the Senfe of the Houfes. Nor do I know any 
other Way how his Majefty's Perfon can be dif- 
pofed of, but that he be put cither under Reftraint, 
or be at Freedom with Honour and Safety : As 
for the Way of Reftraint, I look upon it as it 
looks upon us, as a Remedy more dangerous than 
the Difeafe ; and as a Mean to draw the War of 
foreign Kings upon us, (efpecially the Prince be- 
ing in other Kingdoms) rather then to quiet our 
Troubles at home. And therefore fuppofing that 
none of the Kingdoms will take any Way con- 
cerning his M;ijci}y's Perfon, but fuch as nvy 


vf E N G L A N D. 107 

confift with Duty and Honour, and which may An. 22 Car. 
ieflen, and not increafe our Troubles, I (hall lay *^ 46 ' 
aftde the Way of Reftraint ; and fpeak of the Way October, 
which maybe with Freedom, Honour, and Safe- 
ty, which can be no other but that his Majefty 
fhall go into Scotland, or come to his Parliament 
here, or fomeof his Houfes near abouts. 

' His going into Scotland is full of Dangers and 
Inconveniences to both Kingdoms : The Amale- 
kites are not yet driven out of that Land : The 
bloody barbarous Iri/h, banded with a wicked 
Crew of Malignants, poflefs the Mountains and 
Highlands, which are the Strong-holds and never- 
conquer'd Parts of that Kingdom. They have 
not laid down Arms, but keep in a Body together j 
and they are fo near Ireland, as the Forces of the 
Rebels there may in two or three Hours Space 
come over and join with them ; and Scotland not 
being able to keep and entertain Armies long, the 
King, being there, may raife fuch Forces in Scot- 
land, as may make Way quickly into England. 
And therefore his Majefty's going into Scotland, be- 
fore our Peace be fettled, being of moft dangerous 
Confequence to both Kingdoms, I fhall humbly 
offer to your Lordfhips Confideration his Majefty's 
coming to London, or fome of his Houfes herea- 
bouts, as the moft probable Way to to procure a 
fpeedy and happy Agreement; which is alfo his 
Majefty's own Defire in his Anfwer to the Propo- 
fitions. And although no Periuafion of ours could 
prevail to procure a more fatisfa&ory Anfwer for 
the Time, than what is returned to the Houfes of 
Parliament, yet I a flu re your Lordfhips that the 
Committee of Eftates of the Parliament of Scotland, 
and the Noblemen who were at Newcajile, did 
faithfully contribute their beft Endeavours that 
his Majefty might have given *his AfTent to the 
Proportions : And as we did then deliver our 
Minds with that Plainnefs and Freedom which 
was fit for faithful and loyal Subjects, with no lefs 
Regard to this Kingdom than our own Nation ; 


i o8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 Car. J. f o are we now, with the fame Candour and Tcn- 
^ dernefs of Affection, willing and ready to concur 
' w -i tn tne Honourable Houfes in every Thing which 
may promote the great Work of Reformation, and 
fettle Religion, according to the Covenant, with a 
well-grounded Peace. And for thefe Ends we 
deflre that his Majefty's Anhver may be impro- 
ved to the bed Advantage of the Publick. 

4 For albeit the King hath not given a prefent 
Ailent to the Proportions, yet he hath not in his 
Anfwer refufed them ; but doth promife, That he 
will chearfully grant and give his Afient unto all 
fuch Bills (at the Defire of the two Houfes) and 
reafonable Demands for Scotland, which fhall be 
really for the Good and Peace of his People : To 
which End he defireth and propofeth, That he 
may come to London^ or any of his Houfes there- 
abouts, upon Security that he fhall be there with 
Honour, Freedom, and Safety, as the beft Ex- 
pedient to procure a happy Agreement between his 
Majefty and his Parliament ; which we deiire may 
be weighed in the Balance of righteous Judgment, 
as a Bufmefs of the greateft Confequence which 
can fall within human Confideration, and where- 
in the Glory of God is moft concerned of any Bu- 
fmefs under Heaven. For upon a blefled Agree- 
ment between the King and his Parliament, Reli- 
gion and Righteoufnefs, Truth and Peace, which 
are the Compend and Height of all Happinefs, 
will be eftablifhed, to the eternal Fame and Glory 
of Great Britain, and the great Comfort of all the 
Proteftant Churches ; and upon our Difagreement, 
all the Calamities of a bloody and unnatural War 
will be continued, and nothing heard nor feen in 
Church nor State but Confufion. God hath brought 
both Kingdoms, through the Surges and Waves of 
a boifterous Tempeft, into the Harbour of a Peace, 
and hath fcattered moft Part of our .Enemies ; and 
now our Work is how to come afhore, and efta- 
blifh a right Peace. I hope, it is as far from our 
Defires and Intentions, as it is againft our Cove- 
nant and Profefliwi* to change the Fundamental 


cf ENGLAND. 109 

Government. We have need to take heed, that An - c- 
\ve run not from one Extreme into another; Dwn t ' * ' 
Stulti vitant Vitia, in contraria currant : Therefore oaobor. 
our Study ftiould be how to cure the Wound which 
cur Sins and the evil Counfcls of others have made 
between the King and his Parliament, to make up 
the Breach, and not make it wider. 

* It hath been univerfally acknowledged, That 
the King's Removal from his Parliament is the 
immediate and chief Caufe of all the War, Mif- 
chiefs, and Calamities of the Kingdoms : Then his 
Majefty's Prefence in joining with his Parliament 
muft be the beft, if not the only Remedy to re- 
move our Troubles ; for it is a Maxim no lefs true 
than common, that Contraries have contrary Con- 
fequent! (n). 

* The King defires to come to his Parliament, 
not only to have his Doubts cleared, and have 
thofe Difficulties explained which hinder his Con- 
fent to the Propofitions as they now ftand ; but 
likewife that his Coming may raife a mutual Confi- 
dence between him and his Parliament : If the 
lal?were done, the firft would foon be performed, 
and all thofe Mountains of Difficulties would eafily 
be removed, and become Vallies. 

' Your Commiffioners had no Power to give 
any Reafons, no not fo much as tell what is the 
Meaning of any of your Demands, nor hearken to 
any Defire of the King's : And certainly fome 
Things might be juftly moved by his Majefty, 
which are neceflary for the Crown and a well- 
grounded Peace, as, That he may have his Re- 
venues; That he may return with Honour and 
Safety to his Crown and Government : And if the 
King were with his Parliament, where he might 
both give and receive Satisfaction, he might, with 
Reafon, be convinced to affent to what he now 
conceives to be unreafonable. 

' The making of a Peace is fo great and glo- 
rious a Work, and fo acceptable to all good Men, 
and to the whole People, that it would (after fo 


(V CcntrariirnmCentrt'itfant Cinfrqmentit. 

1 1 o be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 Car. i. great Trouble) be like Rain to the new mown. 

1646. Grafs, or like a Refurrection from the Dead, and 

-. <" ' is a Work worthy of a King's Prefence : And the 

October. _.. . ' o 

King may, without Arrogancy, dehre that Cjlory tQ 
himlelf, the more to re-ingratiate him to his Peo^ 
pie, and not devolve that Honour wholly to any 
other, wherein he himfelf ought to be the prime 
Actor. And therefore the King's Prefence with 
his Parliament, is the moft probable Way to at- 
tain to a fpecdy and ble fled Peace ; which certainly 
will be the more durable, if it be with the Good- 
liking of both Sides. 

' I know there is one common Objection (and 
I know not another) wherewith many are poflefled 
and prejudiced againft the King's Coming to his 
Parliament, That his Prefence may breed Divifion, 
and that he may thereafter withdraw and continue 
our Troubles. Unity and Concord, I confefs, 
is that by which Kingdoms and Common- Wealths 
do flourim; and there is nothing more dangerous 
than Divifion, Concardia enim Res parvts crefcunt, 
Dijcordia vero maxima dilabuntur. But is there 
any greater or more dangerous Divifion, than to 
have the Head divided from the Body? To have 
the King divided from his Parliament, the Repre- 
fentative Body of the Kingdom, whereof he is the 
Head ? Hath not this Divifion divided Brother 
againft Brother, the Father againft the Son, and 
the Son againft the Father, and Country againft 
Country ? This Divifion is the Caufe of all our 
other Divifions : Take this away and all our other 
Divifions are at an End; Ablata Can/a tollitur 
E/ettus. The King doth, with all Earneftnefs, 
deiire to be joined with you; and ftands more in 
. need of Reconciliation, and I hope will, accord- 
ing to his Profeflion, endeavour it, rather than Di- 
vifion: And, I truft, the Wifdom of the Honou- 
rable Houfes is fuch as they will do fo too, and ra- 
ther be reconciled to the King, than divide amongft 
ourfelves. And that Argument, not to admit of 
the King's Coming to his Parliament, becaufe his 
Prefence may breed Divifion, is an Argument to 

- -of E N G L A N D. - in 

debar him perpetually from his Parliament. Arid An 
now the Cafe is altered from what it was, when it 
was thought unfit that the King fhould come to his 
Parliament, becaufe then he had Forces in the Field, 
Garrifons and Strong-holds to return to : Now he 
hath none of thefe againft you, and his Defire of 
coming to his Parliament cannot be but with Re- 
folution to agree and fray with you; for if he were 
once with you, where can he go from you? And 
if they were efteemed Enemies to the Parliament 
and the Peace of the Kingdoms, who advifed the 
King to withdraw from his Parliament, what E- 
Itimation will the World have of them who will 
not fuffer him to return to his Parliament, when 
he offers to caft himfelf into your Arms ? Nor can 
there be a more real Teftimony of our Refpect 
and Affection to England, than that we defire he 
may be with you, and be advifed by you ; neither 
can you have any greater Honour, than that (af- 
ter you have diflipated your Enemies) his Majefty 
is willing to return to you : And if fo kind an Of- 
fer fhall be refufed, and the King driven to Defpair, 
it is to be feared thefe Kingdoms will be involved 
in greater Difficulties than ever; and we fhall be 
driven out of the Harbour and Entrance of a Peace, 
into the Xempeft of new and bloody Wars. 

' For although Scotland be moft willing and 
defirous that the King fhould return to his Parlia- 
ment with Honour, Safety, and Freedom ; and 
that he may remain where his perfonal Prefcnce 
may ferve moft for the Security and Happinefs of 
his People; yet if any iuch Courfe fhall be taken, 
or any Dem nd made, for rendering of his Perfon, 
which cannot ftand with his Honour and Safety ; 
or which cannot confift with our Duty, Allegiance, 
and Covenant ; nor with the Honour of that Army, 
to whom (in Time of his extreme Danger) he had 
his Recourfe for Safety ; it cannot be expected that 
we can be capable of fo bafe an Act. And if (to 
fhun this, and avoid Occafion of quarrelling be- 
tween the Kingdoms) he fhall go to Scotland, and 
relent his Expulfion out of England, and crave the 
i- Afiiftance 

112 'The Parliamentary H i s T o R v 

An. zz Car. I. Afllftance of that Kingdom for Recovery of his 
Right to his Crown, he may in a fliort Time raifc 
Forces in Scotland and Ireland, as, with the 
Affiftance of foreign Princes, thefe Kingdoms may 
be made a Field of Blood, and the youngeft a- 
mongft us not live to fee the End of thefe unna- 
tural Wars: But if the prefent Opportunity be 
wifely managed, and that we maintain the juft Pri- 
vileges of Parliament and Liberty of the Subject in 
both Kingdoms, with that Wifdom and Difcre- 
tion as that may be given to God which is God's, 
and to Ctefar what is Cafar't ; if we fear God and 
the King, and do not meddle with them who are 
given to change ; that fame Divine Providence 
and Wifdom, which hath brought us through ma- 
ny Difficulties, will alfo teach us how to eftablifh 
thefe Kingdoms in Peace, and the King's Throne 
in Righteoufnefs, that the great Blefling of a con- 
ilant and friendly Conjunction of the two Kingdoms- 
(now united by Allegiance and loyal Subjection to 
one Sovereign and Head) may be firmly obferved 
and continued to all Pofterity.' 

The LOR D-C HANCEIIOR of Scotland's thir/ 
SPEECH, Oct. 10. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

Aad at the third, * HPHIS Day I hope will bring our Conference 

X to fome Refults to be reported to the 

Houfes ; and therefore I ftiall frame my Difconrfe 

and Arguments with that Succinct nefs as may 

bring us fooneft to a Clofe. 

* At our firft Meeting, the Subject of our De- 
bate was, Whether the Right and Power of dif- 
pofing of the Perfon of the King is folely in the 
two Houfes as they (hall think fit, or in the two 
Kingdoms ; and, at our laft Meeting, we had fome* 
Arguing about the fame Queftion, bat your Lord" 
fhips did ftill aflert the Vote of the Houfes ; and 
we fay, (in refpeft of the lutcreft and Relations 
which both .Kingdoms have equally to the King, 
efpecially in the prefent Juncture ot Affairs, when 


-if ENGLAND. 113 

both Kingdoms . are entered in the fame League An - ^ *' 
and Covenant; have jeoparded their Lives iri the v _*. 4 _' ^ 
fame War, are labouring under the fame Danger, 
are feeking the fame Remedies, and ftand in need 
of the fame Peace and Security; and both King- 
doms are bound by our Covenant to preferve Uni- 
ty, and are obliged by Treaty that none of Us (hall 
make any Peace, Ceflation, or Agreement whatfo- 
ever, without mutual Advice and Confent of both) 
That the Perfon of the King cannot be difpofed of 
without the joint Advice and Cortfent of both 
Kingdoms : But as we do acknowledge that Eng- 
land hath Parity of Intereft with Scotland, fo we 
do ftill offer they (hall have Parity of Power in 
difpofing of the King: And we do affiriti, That 
the Perfon of the King, who is King of Scotland 
as well as of England, and is Head and Monarch 
of both Kingdoms, cannot be difpofed of by any 
one of the Kingdoms alone; but whatever is to 
be done concerning the diipofinq; of his Majefty's 
Perfon, ought to be done by joint Advice and 
common Confent of both, as may ferve rrtoft for 
the Peace, Security, and Happinefs of the Kin* 
and Kingdoms, which we did prove by feveral 
Arguments, to which there was nothing anfwered 
in effect, but Tliat the King being within England, 
bis Perfon was to be difpofed of as the two Hoitjis 
Jhall think fit ; and that the King being with the 
Scots Army, and they being paid by the Parliament 
of England, he is in effeff in the Power of the 
JHoufes, and ought to be at their difpojing ; in the 
fame Way as if he had come to the Army of Sir 
Thomas Fairfax, or any other of the Parliament's 
jfrmies . 

' To this we (hall not need to make any other 
Reply than what we have made already, That 
the King's prefent Refidence in England, nor no 
Locality, can take away the Reality of our Rela- 
tions formerly mentioned by us ; far lefs can it take 
away the Engagements and Stipulations betwen 
the Kingdoms; and though the Setts Army be paid 

VOL. XV. H by 

114 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

' jLf"' l ' by the Parliament of England yet they are the 

< . ^ > Army of Scotland, raifed for the Purfuance of the 

0&ob<7. E nds o f f he Covenant, and are to be ordered and 
dire&ed by the Parliaments or Committees of 
both Kingdoms: And therefore they cannot, with 
Confcience* Duty, or Honour, deliver the Perfon 
of the King, without his own Confent, to be dif- 
pofed of as the two Houfes {hall think fit : But 
We have declared, and do frill declare, That we 
are content the Perfon of the King be difpofed of 
(the Word difpofed being taken in a right Senfe) 
as may ferve moft for the Peace, Safety, Security, 
Honour, and Happinefs of the King and both King* 
domsj anddidoffer toyourLordfhipsConhderaticn 
his Majefty's coming to or near London, as the moft 
probable Means to procure a fpeedy and well- 
grounded Peace. And feeing your Lordfhips have 
done us the Honour to meet with us in this free 
and, brotherly Conference^ we do expect that you 
will concur and aflent to this Proportion, or pro- 
pound a better Expedient for the Good of botfc 

' But if the Honourable Houfes will not admit 
of this Proportion, our next Defire is, (that it 
may apptar no lawful and pofiible Means are left 
uneflayed which may procure a happy Agreement 
betwixt the King and his Parliaments, and for our 
further Exoneration) That Commiffioners may 
yet once more be fent from both Kingdoms to his 
Majefty, to {hew the Meaning of our Propofitions, 
and to affert them, and to hear the King's Doubts 
and Difficulties and Defires; who may further in- 
timate, that (if hisMajefty fhall not give a fatisfac- 
tory Anfwerto the Propofitions) then both King- 
doms will, without making any fuch farther Ap- 
plication to him, take fuch Courfe as they {hall 
judge fitteft for the Peace and Security of the 

And as, at the Opening of this Conference, I 
did begin with an humble, lawful, and laudable 
Defire for Unity in relation to Religion, the King, 

of E N L A N D. 115 

and" among ourfelves, fo ftiall I clofe in the Time An - Car 
Dialed. For the firft, of Religion: If we do re- . l6 * 6 ' J 
member our Vows to God to perform them, and o&ober. 
(hall endeavour really, conftantly, and fmcercly 
the Reformation of Religion, and Uniformity ac- 
cording to our Covenant, we may certainly ex* . 
peel that God will crown this great Work, where- 
in he hath honoured us to be Actors, with his 
Blefling; but if in place of Uniformity, which 
we are obliged to endeavour, there fhall be 
a Toleration of all Seels and Sorts of Religion; 
and if we negledl to build the Houfe of God, and 
become infolent upon our Succefles, although we 
could mount up with Eagle's Wings, and build 
our Nefts as high as the Stars, and had an Army 
who, for Valour and Strength, could march to 
Conflaniidtyk) God fhall lay our Glory low in 
the Duft, and fuffer the Work to fall in our Hands,' 
like the Confufion of Babel: And whatever hath 
been moved by us concerning the King, we defire 
it may be rightly conftru&ed, as proceeding from 
fuch as have not wavered from their firft Principles ; 
for when the King was in the Height of his Power, 
we did not, and I hope, never (hall, flatter him; 
and when the Enemy was in the Height of their 
Pride and Strength, Scotland did fear no Colours: 
And now, when the King is at his lowerr. Ebb, 
and hath caft himfelf into our Army for Safety, 
we hope your Lordfhips will pardon us, from our 
Senfe of Honour and Duty, to be very tender of 
the Pcrfon and Pofterity of the King, to whom 
we have fo many near Relations; and not like the 
worfe of us, that we cannot fo far forget our Al- 
legiance and Duty, as not to have an Antipathy 
againft the Change of Monarchical Government, . 
in which we have lived through the Defcent of fo 
many Kings, and under which both Kingdoms 
have been govern'd fo many Ages, and flourifhcd 
in all Happinefs. And now my laft Word mall 
be for conitant Unity between the Kingdoms ; 
which, as it hath been the chief Means to promote 
the great Work wherein both Kingdoms are fo 
H 2 deeply 

n6 The Parliamentary HISTORV 

An. Cr. I. deeply engaged, fo there is nothing can make US 
_ l6 * 6 ' * fo formidable to our Enemies, nor fo wuiqh aiding 
Oftober. ene to afiother, as the chcriftiing and continuing 
thereof; and I dare fay that no Man would divide 
the one from the other, but fuch as defire to fifh 
in troubled Waters, and are real Enemies to both. 
God hath blefs'd the joint Endeavours of both 
Nations j both are in one Ship, and are come thro* 
a very great Storm ; and now, when we are come 
into the Harbour, it would be great Shame to both 
to fplit upon the Rocks of Divifion, f? devorato 
Bove dejicere in Caudd ; and your Lordfhips may 
be confident that Scotland, who have efteem'd no 
Hazard too great for fettling of Religion and Love 
to their Brethren, will ftick fo faft and firmly to 
you, fo long as you hold the Principles of your 
Covenant, as no r ear nor Favour will ever be able 
to divide them from you ; and we do expet that 
reciprocal Amity which may perpetuate CUE 

Some PAPERS given in, by the COMMISSIONERS of 
the PARLIAMENT of Scotland, to the Honour- 
able Houfes of the PARLT AMENT of England, 
in Anfwer to their Votes of the i^tb of Septem- 
ber, 1646, concerning the Difpofmg of his Ma- 

For the &gkt Honourable the S * E A K E R of tht 
Houftf of PEERS pro Tempore. 

Right Honourable, 

* \\7^ ^ k 6 ^*^ P rf f ertt to tne Honourable 
' W Hotffcs two Papers, in Anfwer to their 
' Votes of the 24th of September-, wherein we have 

* contributed our befl Endeavours to come to * 


(} Mr. Rujkwtrtb mention* thcfc Pipers, nd takes Notice of 
the before-mentioned Circumflance of their being feiz'd at tke Pttft 
in Lendon, but print* only fuch Part thereof as is quoted in th 
Commons Anfwer thereto, which will appear in the Proceedings of 
next Month. Hence it is probable that he had Hot the Scott PapertY 
as printed by their Commifiioners Ordr. To do Juflire fo that 
Nation, we have therefore printed the whole from the Edinburgh 
Edition thereof, puhli&ed airier their own Direction, 

of ENGLAND. 117 

fpeedy Agreement in the great Affairs now jn An, a* cr. 
Agitation, and to preferve and continue a firm . * * ' * 
Correfpondence between the Kingdoms; And oftoocr. 
we cannot but promife to ourfelves, that we fhall 
meet with the fame Affections in the Honourable 
Houfes ; that all Differences being determined, 
and all juft Defires fatisfied, thefe Kingdoms may 
ftill remain in a fweet Concord and brotherly 
Conjunction, than which nothing can be more 
acceptable to 

Tour Lord/hip's 

humble Servants, 

Ofitbtrio, 1646* 



Oftoberzo, 1646, 
4 fjAving received the Votes of both Houfes, to P t?e ? Lo2j 

* JL J. dated the 24th of September* concerning by the Scots 

* the difpofmg of the King's Perfon as both Houfes Commiffioners, 

* of Parliament {hall think fit; although we judge VO^ODC^ 

* (as in Chanty we ought) that it is not the Mean- ing the DifpofU 

* ing and Intention of "the Honourable Houfes, to of theKinj't 

* claim or affume to themfelves the whole and fole n% 
' Power to difpofe of his Majefty's Perfon, which 

* is known to be a Matter, as of high, foofcom- 
' monand equal, Concernment to both Kingdoms: 
' Yet left, by our Silence, the Right and Intereft of 

* the Kingdom of Scotland fliould be prejudiced; 

* and left that Senfe of thofe Votes, which many 
' have apprehended and exprefled, (hould minifter 
s Occafion of Mifunderftanding and DtfFerencebe- 

* tween the Kingdoms, according to the Defires 

* and Hopes of our common Enemies, we have 

* judged it neccffary, with that Freedom, Candour, 
' and Plainnefs which becometh Brethren, to re- 

* prefent our Thoughts concerning this great Bufi- 

* nefstoboth Houfes. 

' We do acknowledge, that as, pofitively, the 

' Houfes of Parliament have as much Power in 

H 3 * dif- 

i i 8 *fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12 Car. I. < difpofingof the King's Perfon, as any one Parlia- 

1646. < rnent hath, or can have, to difpofe of a King, who 

^Ofltobe/ ' hath more free Kingdoms than one ; fo, nega- 

* lively, none ought or may difpofe of his Majefty's 
' Perfon without or a^ainft their Confent. The 
4 like, we fuppofe, will be mutually acknowledged 
' in Reference to the Parliament of 'Scotland; it be- 
' ing a Fundamental Right and Liberty of either 
' Kingdom, That none can juftly, without their 

* own Confent, impede or reftrain the Perfon of 

* their King from coining amcngft them, and do- 
' ing the Duties of a King unto them : And in both 

* thefe Senfes we acquiefce in the Vote of the Ho- 

* nourable Houfes. 

* But if the Vote fhould be meant, or made ufe 

* of, as reftridtive to the Parliament of England, and 

* exclufwe of the Parliament of Scotland: Or, as 

< if the two Houfes were to difpofe of the Perfon 

* of the King, by their fingle and fole Authority, 

* without the Confent and Concurrence of the 

* Kingdom of Scotland', we truft this Senfe is as far 
' from the Thoughts of both Houfes, as it is from 

* Juftice and Equity ; The Parlaiment of Scotland 
having as muchlntereft in the Perfon of the King 
of Scotland, as the Parliament of England hath in 
' the Perfon of the King of England; and the Per- 

* fon being but one, both Kingdoms muft needs 
{hare equally in thatjoint Imereft. Neither hath 

* the Parliament of England any more Power to 
' difpofe of the Perfon of this King of Scotland, be- 
c ing in England, than the Parliament of Scotland 
' hath to difpofe of the Perfon of this King of En- 
' land, if he were in Scotland: And as the Parlia- 

* ment of England might juftly conceive their In- 

< tereft and Power to be greatly prejudiced, if the 
' Parliament of Scotland fhould claim the fok: 
' Power to difpofe of his Majefty's Pcrfujn, being in 
' Scotland; and, confequently, if they {hall fo 

* think fit, toreftrain his Perfon from coming to hi ; 

* Houfes of Parliament, when the neceflary Affairs 
' of this Kingdom require his Prefence; fo we can- 

'* not but in Juflice expect to be dealt wit-i by the 

4 Honour- 

of E N G L A N D. 119 

f Honourable Houfes, as they would have us, in like An ' Car - 

* Cafes, to deal with them. , 

* Although what we have now exprefTed might 
' be fufficient, as to our Senfe of the Vote; yet it 
' fhall not be fuperfluous, but very expedient, that 

* we further clear ourfelves and our real Intentions^ 

* in that which we firft offered in our Paper of the 
c nth of Auguft) concerning a. joint Confutation 
' and Refolution of both Kingdoms, what is next 

* to be done in Reference to the King; which 

* Motion we now refume, to be ftill infifted upon: 

* For the Qucftion is not, Whether the Houfes of 
' Parliament or the Scots Army (hall difpofe of 
' the Perfon of the King in England? Our Army 
' claimeth no Power to difpofe of his Majefty's 

* Perfon. And as they could not refufc to receive 

* him when he came amongft them, fo they are 
4 ready to obey and fubmjt to the joint Refolutions 

* of both Kingdoms concerning his Majefty. Nei- 
' ther is the Queftion, Which of the two King- 

* doms fhall truft the other with the prefent Refi r 
dence of the King's Perfon, till he be difpofed of 
' by the Confent and Agreement of both ? Let it 
' be far from both Kingdoms, that the former mu- 

* tual Confidence fhould now turn to a mutual 

* Diffidence ; and let not a Blefling from Heaven 
' be expected upon either of the Nations, which 
continueth not faithful to the other, according 

* to the Covenant. Our Confidence in the Wif- 

* dom, Juftice, Loyalty, and Faithfuinefs of the 
' Honourable Houfes is fuch, that whenfoever thr 

* King fhall be willing to return unto them, and 

* they willing to receive him, we fhall, not make. 
' the leaft Impediment, but give our chcarful Con- 

* fent. Lea ft of all is the Queftion concerning 
' any Privilege or Power of the Parliament of Eng- 

* land) or any Law, Liberty, or Practice of thi-. 
' Kingdom, to difpofe of their King. It is not our 
1 Meaning to controvert what in that Kind they 

* may do, or at any Time have done, according to 

* their Laws, which are beft kno;vn to themfelves, 

H 4 'lor 

1 20 Jibe Parliamentary H I s T o R V 

for their Good and Safety, without the leaf! 
dow of any Dependency upon another Kingdom. 
But withall wedefire it may be remembered, that 
this is to be transferred equally to the Power and 
Privilege of the Parliament of Scotland. We do 
not meddle with any of the fingle or proper Rights, 
Privileges, or Laws of this Nation, more than 
we would have our Brethren to meddle wih ours. 
It is one Thing what the Parliament of England 
might have done, in another Caufe or War, before 
their Engagements by the Covenant and Treaties 
with the Kingdom of Scotland: It is another 
Thing what ought to be done after fuch Condi- 
tions and Ties, impofed by neither Kingdom upon 
the other, but by both jointly upon themfelves, 
and as mutual Obligations, both to God and each 
to other : Although we might alfo go further back 
than to the Covenant and Treaties, and plead 
the common and equal Intereft of the Kingdoms, 
in their common Head and Sovereign, evei iince 
they were fo united, as may fufficiently appear, 
even by fome Inftances in his Majefty's Time 
who now reigns over us. It may "be remembered, 
as to the Intereft of Scotlund, that wiien his Ma- 
jefty was firft invited and defired to come into' 
that Kingdom to be crowned, it was reprefented 
by the Lords of his Majefty's Privy Council in 
'England.^ that the great Affairs of this Kingdom 
could hardly difpenfe with his Majefty's going to 
Scotland; and, therefore, that either he might re- 
ceive his Crown of Scotland\>y a Vicegerent there, 
or that it might be fent hither unto him. Like 
as this prefent Parliament, when the King went 
laft into Sccfiandto fettle the Peace of that King- 
dom, did earneftly defire and prefs that he might 
not go, but that he might ftay here for the 
urgent Affairs of this Kingdom. But both in the 
one Cafe and in the other, the Intereft of the 
Kingdom of Scotland was preferved ; and as it 
was moft neceflary that his Majefty mould go 
into that Kingdom for receiving that Crown, fo 

9f E N G L A N D. 

* Jiiti Majefty found it expedient to go thither for An ' 

* the fettling of Peace. It may allb be remembered, 
' as to the Intereft pf England, that the EngliJbNo- 

* bility, both at The Birks^ An. 1639, and at Tork^ 

* An. 1640, (whofe Letters, to that Purpofe, arc 
yet extant and to be feen) and this Parliament, 

* An. 1641, did claim an Intereft to fee and know 

* our Demands propofed to the Kijjg, that neither 

* his Majefty nor themfelves might be thereby pre- 
' judiced. 

* But the prefent Queftion needeth not go fo far 
' upon a back Trade: Whatfpever the joint Inte- 

* reft of the Kingdoms was formerly, it is without 
' Controverfy n.ow much more conjoined : And 
? unlcfs we lay afide the Covenant, Treaties, De- 
' claration of both Kingdoms, and three Years 

* .Conjunction in this War, neither the one King- 

* dom nor the other muft now look back what they 

* might have done fingly before fuch a ftridl Union ; 
'but look forward what is fitteft to be done, by 

* both jointly, for the common Good of both, and 
< for tjie Ends of the Covenant, which both are 
' obliged jointly to profecute and promote. So 

* that the true and proper Quefttpn in this Con- 
' juncture pf Affairs is, Whether both Kingdoms 
' hf-ve not a jpint and common Intereft in difpofing 
' of the King of both, for the Good of both; and 

* that his Majefty's Perfon ought not to be difpofed 

* of by either Kingdom fingly? Much might be 

* faidfor this joint Way, arid againft a divided Way 

* from the Nature of all Aflbciations, and the com- 

' mon Rules of Equity obferved between Perfons, 

* Societies, or Nations, which have a joint Intereft 

* in the fame Perfon, Parent, Mafter, Servant, or 

* in the fame Thing, Inheritance, Lands, Houfe, 
Stock, or the like: In which Cafes, one of the 

* Parties aflbciated may not, without the Cpnfent 

* of the other, difpofe of that which is common, 

* efpecially if it be a common Perfon j and leaft of 
' all, if it be a Perfon ofchiefeft Eminency or Con- 

* ccrnment: For although a common Thing may be 


122 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

^ V ^ ed > anc * toeach Party his proper Share affigni 

* ed, yet one individual Perfon doth not admit of a, 
' Partition, and forequireth the greater Union and 
' Conjunction of Councils in the Difpofal of it. 
' And as Reafons may be drawn from the Nature 

* of all Aflbciatjons, fo efpecially from the Nature 
' of ours in the Solemn League and Covenant; 
' the Title, Narrative, Articles, and Conclufion of. 
it do along link together the Intereftof the King- 
4 doms, in this common Caufe fo much concerning 
' the Glory of God, the jr own Safety, Union, and 

* Peace, and the Honour and Happinefs of the King 
and his Pofterity; which Ends of the Covenant 

* both Parliaments, as well as other Subjects of both 

* Kingdoms, have obliged themfelves jointly and 

* mutually to promote, according to their Power, 

* and to continue zealoufly and conftantly therein 
' all the Days oftheir Lives, againft all Oppofidon ; 
' and to afiift and defend all thofe that enter into this 

* League and Covenant in them aintaining and pur- 

* fuing thereof, and never fuffer themfelvcs to be 
' divided, directly or indirectly, from this blefled 
' Union and Conjunction. So that the Ends of 
' the Covenant, upon which the Difpofal of the 

* King muft needs have a ftrong Influence, are not 

* to be profecuted by the two Kingdoms, as by two 
' diftinct Bodies acting fmgly; but they -were united 
' by folcmn Covenant made to Almighty God, and by 

* League each to other , as one entire Body, to profe- 

* c utt this Caufe ; which was the Expreflion ufed 

* by the Honourable Houfes in their Declaration of 
' the fifth of Augujl, 1645, to the Lords the States 

* General of the United Provinces of the Low 

* Countries. In which Declaration this notable 

* Inftance was given, which deferveth alfo to be 

* remembered, That, by the Covenant, both Houfes 

* of Parliament, and many Thoufands of other his 
' Majefty's Subjects of England and Ireland, (land 
' bound, as well as we, to hinder the letting up of 
' Church-Government by Bifhops in the King- 

* dom of SiOt/and; and that we, as well as they, 



* ftand bound to endeavour the Extirpation thereof A B 
' in England and Ireland. And as, by the Cove- 

* nant, the Kingdoms are faft linked together in 

* the whole Profecution of this Caufe; fo particu- 
4 larly both are obliged to endeavour, mutually^ to 
' preferve and defend the King's Majcfly's Perfon 

* and Authority in the Prefervation and Defence of 

* the true Religion and Liberties of the Kingdoms j 

* that the World may bear tP^itnefs, with our Con" 
' fciences, of our Loyalty, and that we have n 
' Thoughts or Intentions to diminijh his Majejiys juji 

* Power and Greatnefs. 

' From the Treaty the fame Thing doth further 
' appear; it being thereby manifeft, that as our 

* Army was to be levied for the- common Good of 
' both Kingdoms, in the Purfuance of the Er.dscx* 
' prefied in the Covenant, and not as Auxiliaries 

* for the fmgie Good of this Kingdom ; fo they are 
' not tied to be fubjecl to the Refolutions and Di- 

* rections of either Kingdom fmgly, but of both 
e jointly. Alfo, by the eighth Article, no CefFa- 
' tion, Pacification, nor Agreement for Peace 
$ whatfoever, is to be made by either Kingdom, 

* without the mutual Advice and Confent of both : 
.' So that if the Difpofal of the King's Perfon, mcn- 

< tioned in the Vote of both Houfes, be intended 
' for the Good, Peace, and Security of both King- 

* doms, then it fhould not be done without the 

* mutual Advice and Confent of both ; but if in- 

* tended for the Peace and Security of this King- 
' dom within itfelf fingly, this were to fettle the 

* Peace of the one Kingdom, not only without 
' the Counfel aYid Confent, but before the Settle- 

* ment of tlie other, and fo the more inconllftent 
' with the plain Scope of that Article. Moreover, 

* by the ninth Article of the fame Treaty, all Mat- 

* ters of Difference arifing between the Subjects 

* of the two Nations are to be refoived and deter- 
6 mined by the mutual Advice and Confent of both, 

* which hath ever been the ufual Way in fuch 

* Cafes. Neither know we any ether Way for 

* hcalijig 


An. 22 Car. I. 

the Parliamentary HISTORY 

healing of Differences between two free Nations* 1 
which are as Brethren and Equals, and neither 
of them fubordinate to the other. If therefore 
any Difference fhould arife, which God forbid, 
between the two Parliaments, or any others of 
the Subjects of the two Nations, concerning the 
difpofing of his Majefty's Perfon, then the Que- 
ftion cannot be otherwife refolv'd and determined 
but by the mutual Advice and Confent of both, 
How much better is it (according to the fixth 
Article of the Covenant) to confult how to pre- 
vent all Differences which are like to arife be- 
tween us or our Pofterities ? 
c The Honourable Houfes, in their Wifdom, did 
thi/ik fit that, in the managing of this War, there 
fhould be a Conjunction of the Councils of both 
Kingdoms in Reference to the Englijh as well as to 
the Scots Forces : How much more may we ex- 
pect a Conjunction of Councils in difpofing of his 
Majefty's Perfon, wherein the one Kingdom is as 
much interefted as the other ? 
* If more need to be faid in this Bufmefs, we 
hope it is not forgotten, how the Declarations of 
both Houfes, and their Commiffioners fent into 
Scotland to defire their Affiftance and Engage- 
ment in this War, did invite, follicit, and per- 
fuade that Nation upon Principles of common 
Intereft: and in regard the one Kingdom can- 
not enjoy a firm and durable Peace, while the 
other is in War, we were alfo put in Mind of 
the Affection and Duty which becometh Brethren. 
And as we did, upon thefe and the like Confidera- 
tions, efpoufe our Brethrens Quarrel, fo it can- 
not be oftenfive that we defire from them an Im- 
provement of the very fame Principles ; and that 
the fame Meafure of the Conjunction of Intercfts 
be given to us, which was got from us. God 
forbid that Ways of feperating the Interefts of 
the Kingdoms fhould now be ftudied, as much as 
Ways of uniting them were before endeavoured. 
We cannot but expect better Things from our 

* Brethren, 

^/ENGLAND. 125 

* Brethren, than in their Profperity to defert us, A - ** C. 

' who did engage and join with them in their great- 

* eft Affliction j or to think of fecuring their own 

* Peace without us, while the Troubles of our 
' Kingdom continue. 

* Wherefore we cannot chufc but obteft by the 
4 common Good of both Kingdoms; by the Con- 

* junction and Parity of Interefls; by the Love of 

* Brethren; by Declarations of both Houfesj by 
1 former Precedents ; by the Treaty between the 

* Kingdoms ; by the Solemn League and Covenant j 
' yea, by the very Law of Nations and Rules of 
' common Equity, that there may be a Conjunction 

* of the Councils and Refolutions of both King- 

* doms, in difpofing of that Royal Perfon who is 

* King of both ; and that all lawful and poflible 

* Means (of which this is one and a chief one) may 
1 be ufed, which may preferve his Majefty's Per- 
' fon, Honour, and Happinefs according to the 
' Covenant; Monarchical Government according 

* to the Fundamental Laws of both Kingdoms j 
together with a firm and happy Union between 

* the Kingdoms. 

* Thefe Principles we defire ftill to go upon; and 

* therefore if the Vote of both Houfes, communi- 

* cated unto us, be underftood as a material De- 

* mand of his Majefty's Perfon to be delivered un- 

* to them, to be difpofed of as they (hall think fit: 
' This, as it doth not necefiarily follow from the 
' Words of the Vote, nor doth agree with that 

* Senfe of the Vote, which, in Charity, we are 

* moft willing to entertain, fo there are juft and 

* great Reafons againft it. We acknowledge that 
' we are not to prefume the worft, but the beft, 
' concerning the Intentions of the Honourable 

* Houfes towards the King. But we do not dou-t 

* it will be mutually acknowledged that, for pre- 

* venting of Differences afterwards, it is moft fit 

* and neceflary that there be a clear and diftinct 

* Undemanding between the two Kingdoms in a 

* fiufinefs of vhi5 Nature and Conference; and 

4 that 

I2 6 2^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2* Car. I. < that it is not to be expe&ed from private Perfons, 

164.6. ' tho' under Jurifdi&ion, much lefs from another 

V oft t ' ' Kingdom, that they fhould pafs from their In- 

* tereft or juft Security, becaufe they have to do 

* with fuch as they judge to be honeft and faith- 
' ful. To fpeak therefore to the Nature of the 

* Thing in itfelf: If 'the Scats Army fhould deliver 

* up his Majefty's Perfon without his own Confent, 

* and that upon the Vote communicated unto us, 

* which (although it may fuffer a benign Interpre- 
' taion, and be underftood of the difpofing of the 

, ' King's Perfon favourably and honourably, yet) 
' as the \Vords {land, is comprehenfive and capa- 
' cious of more than is fit to be exprefied : This 

* Aft of the Army were not agreeable to their Oath 

* of Allegiance, obliging them to defend his Ma- 
' jefty's Perfon from all Harms and Prejudices ; nor 
c to the Solemn League and Covenant, which was 
' not intended to weaken, but to ftrenothen, our 

* Allegiance, and to wipe off the Calumny and 

* Afperfion of Rebellion : For which End, before 

* our Engagement in this War, it was mutually 

* covenanted between the Kingdoms, to preferve 

* the King's Majefty's Perfon and Authority, in 
' the Prefervation of the Religion and Liberties 
c of the Kingdoms ; thereby holding forth to the 

* World, that the Prefervation and Defence of Re- 
' ligion and Liberties may well confift, and was 

* intended to confift, with Prefervation of his Ma- 
* jefty's Perfon and Authority; whom theforeour 

* Army cannot deliver to be difpofed of by any 
c others at Pleafure. This Delivery were alfo 
c inconfiftent with the joint, equal, and common 

* Intereft of both Kingdoms in the Dilpofal of his 

* Majefty's Perfon, which we have before afTertedj 
' and were, upon the Matter, n Pafling from the 
4 Right and Intereft of the Kingdom of Scotland 

* in that Bufinefs. It were alfo contrary to his 
c Majefty's Power of Refidence in any of his 
c Kingdoms, and to the free exercifing of the Du- 
ties of his Place, and Acls of Perfonal Govcrn- 

* mcnt; 

^ENGLAND. 127 

* ment; fuch as the hearing and redrefling of the ^n. * Car. I, 

* Grievances of his Subjects in Parliament, and his 

* concurring to the making of Laws. Neither 

* could it ftand with the CommifSons given to the 

* Committee of Eftates and General Officers of 

* our Army, or with their Military Oath, to deliver 

* uptheir King without his own Confent, andwith- 
' out Warrant from the Parliament of Scotland, to 
' be difpofed of by another Nation: Even as it 

* were not to be expected, that the Army under 
' the Command of Sir Thomas Fairfax, if they 
' were in Scotland for our Affiftance there, in the 

* like Caufe, and under the like Engagements, in 

* a Recefe of the Parliament of England, and with- 

* out their Warrant, would, upon the like De- 

* mand, deliver up the King (having caft himfelf 
in their Hands) to be difpofed of by the Parlia- 

* ment of Scotland. Finally, if it be contrary to 

* the Law and common Practice of Nations, to de- * 

* liver up the rneaneft Subject fled to them, though 

* it be for the greateft Crimes, (for which Caufe 

* the Parliament of England in the fourth of King 
James, as likewife in the large Treaty, refufed a 

* general Adt of Remanding between the two King- 

* doms, unlefs they fhould be united into one,) 

* how much more would the World abroad con- 
c demn our Army for a bafe and difhonourable Act, 

* if they fhould deliver up their Head and Sove- 
reign (having caft himfelf into their Hands) to be 

* difpofed of at the Arbitrement of another Nation ? 
' And now we hope it will not be tedious, that 

* we further enlarge ourfelves upon this great 
' Subject, by adding fatisfudtory Anfwers to fuch 

* Objections as have been, or may be, made againft 
4 our Defires and Principles in this Bufmefs. 

Objection i. That the Scots Army is an Auxili- 
c ary Army of England, and under their Pay \ and 
' therefore ought to deliver up the King, is be difpofed 
' of by both lloufes as they Jhall think fit. 

Anfiver. 4 It is fufficiently known, that the Sects 
' Army came not into this kingdom in thd Nature 

* of Auxiliaries : For when it was defired bv the 

* 'Par- 

128 *ihe Parliamentary H is f o R 

\l 6 *' I * Parliament of England tha * the Kingdom of Scft-i 

* *.' i ' /flW ihould fend an Auxiliary Army into this 

Oftober. ' Kingdom,' to be fubjeft to the Directions and* 

' Refolutions of both Houfes, it was abfolutely 

* refufed, as may appear by the feveral Papers about 

* that Purpofe yet extant. The Kingdom of Scot- 

* land did forefee andconfider how prejudicial It was' 

* to forfake their own Peace; and what infinite' 
c Troubles, Lofles, and unavoidable Dager their 

* Engagement with the Parliament of England, a- 
4 gairtftfo powerful and prevailing an Enemy, would 

* bring upon the Kingdom of Scotland: And as 

* they regarded not the large Offers rior the Threats 

* of the other Side for all their FWperity j fo there 
c was no Offer of Pay, or other wordly Advantage 

* whatfoever from the Houfes of Parliament^ which' 

* could have induced them to undertake fo hazard- 

* ous and defperate a War. It was the Good of 

* Religion, King, and Kingdoms they fet before 

* their Eyes; in order to which End, they accounted 

* nothing too dear unto them: And having refolved 

* to engage in this Caufe for Affiftance of their Bre- 
k thren therein^ they did not ftand upon Conditions ; 
1 but, without Refpeft to the Seafon of the Year, 

* the great Strength of the Enemyj and other Dif- ; 

* coufagements, they did, in alhort Time^ levy an 
k Army at their own Charge: And, becaufe of the 

* many Burdens then lying upon this Kingdom, were 

* content for the prefent to accept of a Sum towards 

* the monthly Entertainment of that Army, a- 

* mounting to little more than Half Pay, and to 

* fuperfede all further Recompence till the War 

* fhould be at an End. And feeing the Kingdom 
' of Scotland was to quit their own Peace, and, 

* equally with England, to undergo the Hazard of 

* the War, it was found reafonable that the Pro- 

* fecution thereof, and the making of the Condi- 
' tions of Peace after the War, fhould be with joint 

* Advice and Confent of both Kingdoms : And, ac- 
' cording to thefe Grounds, a Covenant wasagrced 
' upon for the Reformation, of Religion, and for 

* Prefervation of the Liberties of the feingdofos, 

' and 


* and of the King's Perfon and Authority : To- An - Car; I. 

* gethcr with a Treaty, wherein it is declared that . ' * '._ j 
' the Scots Army {hall be commanded by a Gene- oftobct, 

* ral appointed by the E (lutes of Scotland, and (hall 
c be fubject to fuch Refolutions and Directions, as 
' are and ihall be mutually agreed upon and con- 
1 eluded between the Kingdoms, or their Com- 
c mittees in that behalf appointed, for pursuance of 
4 the Ends of the Covenant; of which one is to 

* defend and prefcrve his Majefty's Peri'm. 

Obiect. 2. * That the King is in England,- and 
' therefore to be difpcfed of by both Hiufes of Par- 

* liament, and cannot be difpofcd of by the Scots Army : 

* And thy* the Kingdom ^/"Scotland may prciarid to an 
1 Interejl and Power in the difpojing of the King, 
' yet they can have no Excrcife of that Poiver in Eng- 
' land : And albeit //;.- Scots Army, according ty 

* the Treaty ia'tiusen tie Kingdoms, be only fubjeSt 
'-to fuch Resolutions as are mutually agreed upon, 
1 by both Kingdoms, or their Committees appointed in 
' that Behalf; yet tins is only to be uwhrftood in 
' ordering and regulating of the Scots Fjrces for 
' profccut'mg the War ; and the Treaty extends ni 


Anf. * Although his Majefty's riding one Day's 
' Journey might wholly lubvert the Grounds of 

* this Objection ; yet we fliall not infift upon this 
' Anfwer, beeaufe we conceive it toucheth not 

* the true State of the Queftion. It hath been al- 
4 ready cleared what is not, and what is, the State 
' of the Queftion ; v/!iich "being remembred we do 
1 afTert, That the King coining voluntarily to the 
' Scots Army, they cannot, in Duty, deliver him 
1 againfthis Will to the Houfes of Parliament, with- 
4 out Confent of the Kingdom of Scotland: For 
' the Being in England takes not awav the Rela- 
' tion between the King and his Subjects of the 
' Kingdom of Scotland^ nor ou :ht it to impede 

* the Performance of the mutual Duties founded 
' upon that Relation: For Allegiance hath no 

* Limitation of Place, being grounded upon the 

* Law of Nature as well as the Livv Municipal* 

VOL. XV, I and 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

an d f i s rather univerfal than local. The Dif- 
f erence of Place takes not away the Relation and 
mutual Duties between Parents and Children ; 

* and it is not the Place but the kelation which 

* gives Intereft to thedifpofmg of the Perfonofth'e 
' King. As his being in England takes not away 
e the Relation between him and his Subjects of 
' Scotland^ fo it doth not infringe the mutual Ob- 

* ligations and folemn Engagements between the 

* Kingdoms, for joint Councils in Profecution of 

* the War and fettling of the Peace ; the King's 

* Coming to the 3t9tt Army being an Emergency 
' of our joint War; and the right Difpofal of his 
e Perfon, the only Mean, for the prefent, of our 
joint Security and Peace. Neither can the King's 
' being in England prejudge any Right or Privi- 
< lege of either Kingdom ; for it is the Fundamental 

* Right and Privilege of the Parliament of Scotland^ 

* and the Liberty of that Kingdom, (as weacknow- 

* ledge it to be the Right and Privilege of the 
*. Kingdom of England] that the Perfori of their 
' King ought not to be difpofed ofj but with their 
' Advice and Confent. The Place of the King's 
' Refidence (as was anfwered to us, when in the 
' Large Treaty it was defired his Majefty might 
' fome Times refide in Scotland] is at his own Elec- 
*< tion, iri either of the Kingdoms as the Exigence 

* of Affairs fball require, and he fhall think fit; 

* or elfe muft be determined by the mutual Advice 
' and Confent of both Kingdoms. 

' From all which Grounds it is apparent, that 
c the Kingdom where he refides fdr the Timc^ 

* may do no Act which may hinder his Majefty 
c to perform, the Office and Duty of a King to 
6 the Kingdom from which he is abfent in Per- 

-* fonj nor impede him to repair to that Kingdom* 
* when the Affairs thereof fhall neceilarily require 
* it. Othervvife, if the Kin:;doin where his Ma- 
jeft refides hath the fulc Irt,-reft and Right to 

* difpofe of his Perfon, the Eftatcs of thcParlia- 

* ment cf Scotland might, upon former Occafions, 

* andfflayngw, jfl caic the King and Prince fhall 

* i c| ; ir 

of E N G L A N D, 

repair to Scotland, lawfully detain therri thefej An 
and make it the Place of the ordinary Refidence 
of them and their Pofterity, without the Confent 
of the Kingdom of England, which we acknow- 
ledge could not be done without a manifeft Pre- 
judice and Injury to this Kingdom. Wherefore 
we cannot but conclude, That wherefoever the 
King bej in Scotland or England, he being the 
King of both, ought to be difpofed of for the 
Good and with the Cortfent of both Kingdoms. 
And if it be confidered that the Scots Army was 
invited and called into this Kingdom by both 
Houfes, in a Treaty for profecuting the Ends of 
a Solemn League and Covenant, whereof one is 
to preferve and defend his Majefty's Perfon, there 
can remain no Doubt concerning the Exercife of 
that Right and Intereft in this Kingdom: And 
therefore it feems very ftrange that when, upon 
Invitation, they are come into England^ as for o- 
ther Ends, fo to defend his Majefty's Perfon, 
their being in England mould be made ufe of as 
an Argument why theyfhould deliver up the Per- 
fon of their King to be difpofed of as both Houfes 
fhall think fit. ^Whereas it is alledged, That 
the Treaty extends no further than to the order- 
ing and regulating of the Scots Forces in rela- 
tion to the War; although this be really an- 
fwered from the Nature of the Thing, the King's 
Coming to the Scots Army being an Emergency 
of the War; and fothe Delivering of his Perfon 
comes under the Regulation and Direction of 
both Kingdoms or their Committees, as an Act 
of the St:<,ts Army; yet, that all Doubts may be 
removed, we further add, That it is clear from the 
third Article of the Treaty, that the Scots Army 
is to receive the Directions of both Kingdoms or 
of their Committees, in all Things which may 
concern the PurCuance of the Ends of the Cove- 
nant and Treaty, whether in relation to Peace os 
War. In the eighth Article of the Treaty, no 
Ceflation, Pacification, or Agreement for Peace 
whatfoeyer, is to be maiic by either Kingdom, 
la f or 

132 < fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An - \\ ?* r< *' ' or t ' ne Arm Y f e ' !t h e r Kingdom, without the 

t * .^" j ' Advice and Confent of both Kingdoms. And in 

October. c the ninth Article, all Differences ariiing between 

* the Subjects of the two Nations are to be refoi- 

.' vcd ?.n:. determined by the mutual Advice and . 

* Confentof both Kingdoms. 

Object. 3. * T/xit the Scots Army did carry away 
c the King from the Leaguer before Newark, when 

* there teas a Committee of both Houfes there, with- 
' out fe e king their Confent ; and that they have fince 
4 difpsfed of him without Confent of the Houfes of 

* Parliament ; whereas, by the Treaty, they ought ts 

* dc nothing without a joint Refoltttion of both King- 

* doms, or their Committees. 

An^* * No fooner, did the King come into the 

* Scots Armv, but the very fame Day the Com- 

* mittee of Eftates of Scotland, refiding with that, 

* Army, did acquaint the Commiflioners of both 
' Houfes therewith; 2nd not fatisf\ing themfelvcs 

* with this, the Day following they wrote a Letter 
' to the Ccmnictee of Scotland, refiding at Edin- 

* burgh, and another to the Committee of both 
' Kingdoms here, which was communicated to 

* both Houfes, defiring the Advice of this King- 
' dom, as in a Matter of common Intereft, and 

* dcci.i'-ir.g they would obey the joint Rcfolutions 
1 of both Kingdoms; yet r.o Anfwer or Advice 

* was ret; them, eith-.-r from the Houfes 
1 or ihoirCc-r-iiTioners. But immediately afeer the 
1 Surrender of Newark ^ they received In formation 
' that 5000 Horfe and Dragoons, from Sii 'Thomas 

* Fairfax's Army, were upoi their March towards 

* them Northward, which f,ie Honourable Honfe 
' of Peers w?.s pleafed to sive Orders to flop, there 
4 being no Enem^' in thofc Parts to be oppofed : 
' Upon Confkleration whereof, theQuanerswhere- 
4 in they Imd frayed, t':i iri! the Siege of Newark, 
1 being extremely exhaufred, 4 the Service for 

* which they c;-me thither bti; 

* preventing Miil.ikcs or new T.roi 

* the Kingdoms, they rt moved ini '.:.! 
' the King, as he came unto them ui 


of ENGLAND. i 33 

* cord, did voluntarily march along with them. An. i* Car. r. 

* Upon feveral Occafions afterwards, they and we t __ - l6 ^ G ' i _ J 
'did earneftly defire the Honourable Houfes to 

I r i *~i i -i CJttOBCT. 

lend a Committee, to join ana co-operate v/ith 
' the Committee of Eftates there upon the Place,' 
' in all Things according to the Treaty ; but no 

Anfwerwas returned. And, from Time to Time, 
' the Houfes were acquainted with the Proceedings' 
' in that Army; which were, according to the Co- 

* venant, and the known Refolutions ofboth King- 
' doms, to debar all fuch of both or either King-' 

* doms as had been in Arms againft the Parliament, 
' from coming into their Quarters, or to the Court, 
4 or to the King's Perfon, according to the Defire of 
' the Houfe of Peers. And whereas it is affirmed, 
' That by the Treaty, the Scots Army ouo;ht to do 
' nothing without a joint Refolutionof both King- 

* doms, or their Committees; there is no fuch 
' Claufe in the Treaty : But they are to befubjrcl: to 

* fuch Refolutions as are, and (hall be, agreed i<pou 

* and concluded mutually between the Kingdoms 

* and their Committes; as, by Ordinanceof Parlia- 
4 ment, the Army under the Command of the Enil 
' of EJJfx, or of Sir Thomas Fairfax, was to receive 

* and obferve the Directions or the Committee of 

* both Kingdoms fitting-at Jyejlm'mfter^ but in cafe 

* no new Directions were fent unto them, they were 

* left to former Orders, if any were, or otherwife 

* to their own Judgment'and Difcretion. There 

* was never -any fuch Refolution agreed upon be- 

* twcen the Kingdoms, or their Committees, as 

* that the Scots Army (hould not receive the King, 

* if he came unto them ; but it is an Agreement 

* between the Kingdoms, in the Covenant, that 

* they fhould preferve and defend his Majefty's 
4 Perfon; and, in the Declarations of both King, 

* doms, to refcue him from the common Enemy: 
' So that the Scsts Army having often delired to 
' know the Direction and Advice of the Houfes 
' of Parliament, concerning the King, and no 

* new Directions being fignified unto them, ac- 

I 3 ' cording 

134 < flx Parliamentary HISTORY 

' *\ < 6* r " *' * Corc ^ n 2 to tne Treaty, they were to obferve the 

_ .' v ' _i * Directions and Refolutions formerly agreed up- 

CAober. ' on between the Kingdoms. And as the Scots 

' Army do, and will ever, acknowledge that they 

'< claim no Power to difpofe of the King's Perfon; 

' but are fubject to, and {hall be ready to follow, 

' whatfoever both Kingdoms (hall agree upon, as 

* belt for the King and Kingdoms : To their keep- 
' ing and preferring his Majeity's Perfon, (as they 
' would do to any Perfon of his Eminency and 
' Relation in an Army or Garrifon-Town) with- 

* out the lead Thought of hindering his voluntary 

* Return to his Parliament, cannot be reputed or 

* called a Difpofmg of his Perfon. 

Object. 4. ' If any Peer of England go to the Scots 

* Army^ and deftre their Protefliox, can he not be 
' dijpofed of without the CoHJent of the Committee 

* of Ejiates of the Kingdom of Scotland refiding 

* with that Army? 

Anf. ' There is a wide and manifcft Difference 
' betwixt the Relation the Scots Army hath to any 
' Subject of England^ and the Relation they have 

* to their King ; which are fuffkiejnly diftinguifhed 
* in the third and fourth Articles of the Covenant: 
' For, by the one, they are mutually obliged to pre- 

* ferve and defend his Majefty's Perfon,; and, by 
' the other, they a-e mutually obliged to endeavour 
' that all Incendiaries and Dividers betwixt the 

* King and his People, or betwixt the Kingdoms, 
' be brought to Trial and condign Punifhmentbe- 

* fore the Supreme Judicatories of the Kingdoms^ 
4 respectively : And the Kingdom of Scotland hath 

* equal Right and Intereft with the Kingdomof En* 

* gland) in the Difpofal of the Perfon of the King, 

* which they cannot pretend unto concerning the 

* Perfon of any Subject 6f England. 

Object. 5, ' Tkqt feeing it is alledged by us, TJ.vt 
' the Difpoftng cf the King's Perfon comes in Place 

* of a Peace i then the Receiving of the King ints 

* the Scots Arwy, -without Csnfcut of the Hwfes, is 

* ..:v;';-. A /..v/ i(, 'the waking of a Pi-aft wilt.-cvt CM- 

' Jent 

if E N G L A N D. 

* fent of the Kingdom of England, contrary to the An - 

* eighth Article of the Treaty. t 

Anf. 4 It h;ith been fufB.'iently anfwercd before, 

* That the Scots Army neither hath, nor will, take 
4 upon them to difpofe of the Jing. He came 
4 unto them without Capitulation or Treaty j his 
4 R'efidonce wifh them is voluntary and free; and 

* they do nothing which may hinder him to come 

* to his Houfes of Parliament. $ut jf the King- 

* dom of Scotland fhould con Pent to the Defire of 

* the Houfes, that they may have the fole Dilpofal 
' of the Perfon of the King, (it b^ing that which 

* comes in the Place of the Peace and Security of 
4 both -Kingdoms) they will really quit the Right 
4 and Intereft they have by the eighth Article of 

* trie Treaty, concerning the making of a Peace : 
4 for whiclj foever of the Kingdoms is acknow- 
4 ledged tohavethe fole Difpofal of the King, may, 

* without the other, make Peace with him, when, 

* how, and in what Terms, they pleafe. 

Object. 6. ' Thai England is a free Nation* 
4 and in former Times it was in the reiver of the 
4 Parliament of England to difpofe of their Kings-, 
4 and if. one Kingdom pretend to a joint Right of dif- 
4 po/ing af the King, while he is in the other , it u 
4 to entrench upon the former Liberty of tb.if King- 
4 dom. %'hat the Kingdom 'of Scotland have no Rea~< 
4 fen to dijlrujl the Ho>.tfes of Parliament^ who, when 
4 the ' Kin^ /Lill be in their Power, will not difpofe; 
4 of. him 'tthenuife than may conftj} with their Duty* 
4 accenting to the Covenant and Treaty Between the 
* Kingdoms. 

Anf. < We will not difpute what Power the 
4 Houfes of Parliament formerly had to' difpofe of 
4 the Perfon of their King, but whatfoever Power 
4 or Right they have, the liice is due to theParlia- 
4 ment of Scotland^ and fo the Perfon of the King 
4 being common to both, ian'd invifible, cannot 
4 bedifpofed of, butby Cohfcnt! ofhofh Kingdoms. 
4 It were another Queftion indeed, if it were as in 
' former Times, when we had different Kings; if 
14 there 

1 36 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. aa Car. I. < there were not an Union of the Kingdoms under 

1646. t one Head and Monarch; if there were neither 

Oftober" ' Covenant nor Treaty between the Kingdoms : 

' But fmce all thefe are, and that the Peace' 

* and Security of both Kingdoms is fo much con- 

4 cerned in the Difpofal of the King; not any one 
, 6 of them, without the other, can juftly pretend to 
' the fole Judgment and Right to determine what 
6 is beft and moft expedient for the Safety and 
c Security of both. Nor can it, in Reafon, be made 

5 an Argument, that the one Kingdom diftrufts the 

* other, becaufe the one will not renounce and re- 
' fign all Right and Intereft they have in the Per- 
' fon of the King, and Matter of their own Secu- 
.' rity and Peace, to the Judgment and Determina- 
' tion of the other; otherwife, according to this 
^ Argument, where there is anyTruft, there {hould 
' be no Contract between Perfon, and Perfon, nor 

* Treaty between Nations : Or, if there be any 
< Treaty or Agreement, the Performance or Nori-? 
' performance of it, is to be left to Arbitrement. 
,* But we cannot fee that this doth argue any Dif- 

* fidence or Diftruft more than when private Per- 

* fons, lending Money to the Public, defire Securi- 
' ty, and will not depend upon Pleafure. And 
c therefore, though it is not to be queftioned but 
' the Houfes of Parliament would difpofe of the 

* Perfon of the King, fo as might confift with 

* their Duty in performing the Covenant and 
' Treaty, yet this can be no Argument why 

* the Scots Army {hould neglect their Duty; or the 

* Kingdom of Scotland quit the Intereft and Right 
' they have in the Perfon of the Kini^. 

Objea. 7. That the King is in the Po/effion of 
6 the Scots Army ; and though a joint Advice and 

* Confent of both Kingdoms be urged for his Dif- 
' pofa/, yet, if ibe Houfes of Parliament agree 

* not to what Scotland Jball defire, the King doth 
.? Jlill remain in the Poiver of the Scots Army^ and 
f fo the Parliament /"Eng!and hath no Confent. 

Anf. ' If this \vcrp turned over, the 

* 3^ergth or WeaknUd of it may the more ea- 

' fily 

of ENGLAND. 137 

* fily appear : Suppofe the King were here *\.WcJl- An - >- I ' 

* mlnjier^ it may be upon the fame Grounds urged, ^ ^*J , 

' That the Kingdom of Scotland would have no- oclober. 

c Confent in his Difpofal ; and fo much the more 

' that the Houfes claim the fole Intereft and Judg- 

' mcnt to difpofe upon the King's Perfon, which 

* we defire may be done jointly, as may be beft 

* for the Security and Safety of both Kingdoms. 
' And we fee no Reafon why it may not now be 
' determined when he is in the Scots Army, (who are 
' intruded by both, and fubjedt to the Refolution 
' of both Kingdoms) as well as hereafter; fince he 
' came thither of his o\vn Accord, and his Refi- 
f dence there is voluntary. And if his Majefty 

* fhall think fit to repair hither to his Houfes of 
' Parliament, they fhall do no Act which may either 
' hinder or difluade him, but cannot conftrain him, 

* or deliver him to the Houfes to be difpofed of as 

* they fhall thijik fit. 

* It may now abundantly appear, from tha 
4 Grounds and Configurations before expreiTed, 

* that the Scots Army may not deliver up his Ma- 
' jefty's Perfon to be difpofed of by the one King- 
' dom, without the Confent of the other : Upon 
' Suppofition whereof we fhall, in the next Place, 
( without prefuming to prefer ibe Ways, or impofe 

* Conditions) exprefs ourfelv^s concerning fome 
' Expedients, which, in Reference to his Majefty, 

* deferve to be looked upon, confidered of, and 

* compared together; where we fhall only premife 

* thus much, That whatever Way fball be taken, 
' if the right End be looked at, his Majefty 's Per- 
' fon ought to be fo difpofed of, as may ferve moft 
' for the Safety and Happinefsof the King himfelf; 

* for the common Peace and Security of the 
' Kingdoms, united in this Caufe by the Solemn 
' League and Covenant; and as may beft agree 
c with their Duty, Covenant, and Treaties. 

4 Thefe Ends being before our Eyes, although 
' it be moft eligible and bed of all that his Ma- 
' jeftyfhould, without further Dehy, forth with give 

' Satisfaction 

138 T&e Parliamentary HISTORY 

az car. I. < Satisfaction in the Propofitions of Peace, (whicfc 

l6 * 6 ' _, ' hath been with all Inftancy prefled not only by 

pftober. ' us > but by all the Judicatories of the Kingdom 

' of Scotland] and fo return fully reconciled to his 

4 Houfes of Parliament : Yet fmce, to our unfpeak- 

' able Grief, this hath not been as yet obtained, 

* we do propofe that his Majeftyfs Coming to Lon- 

* don, or to fome of his Houfes near London, with 

* Safety, Freedom, and Honour, (which is defired 

* by himfelf that he may be hear'd, and that, upon 

* the clearing of his Doubts, he" may 'knowingly 
' giveafatisfatory Anfwer to the Propofitions;) is 

* much better than the other Ways which may be 

* expeted, in cafe this his Majefty's Defiresbe not 

* agreed unto. As for hjs Majefty's going to Ire- 
4 land, or other 'where beyond Sea, it could 'not 
4 be the Way to a prefent Peace now fo much He- 
' ftred; but would certainly prognofticate new 

* Troubles. Laftly, His Majefty's Coming hither, 

* or near this Place, is a more probable and hope- 

* ful Way to preferve the Union of the Kingdoms; 

* becaufe the Enemy being ftill in Arms in Scot- 
' land, and expecting Supplies from Ireland^ and 

* the Kingdom difabled, by their great Sufferings, 
*' to entertain an Army for fupprefling the Malig- 
4 nant Party, it were much moreeafy to raife new 
': Forces there, to the Difturbance of the Peace of 
' this Kingdom, than it could be here; where, by 
' the Bleffing of God, all the Forces and Garri- 

* fons of the Enemy are fubdued, and where it 
' will not be fo difficult to hinder Delinquents from 
Accefs to his Majeuy. The Dangers and In- 
4 conveniences of any of thefe other Ways do fo 
' much preponderate, and the prefent Condition of 
' Affairs doth fo much differ from that Time, when 

* both Houfes, with our Concurrence, did difagrce 

* from his Majefty's Defire of coming to London^ 
' (at which Time he had both GarrilbnsandField- 
' Forces unreduced) that it 'may be conceived not 
' only fafe, but, as Things ftand, moft convenient 
4 to agree ty hie Majefty's Coming to London^ or 

4 near 


* near it; upon fuch Conditions and Aflurances An. 

* from him, as (hall be, by joint Refolution, found 
' neceffary for preventing the Accefs of Delinquents 

* to his Majefty, or an inteitinc Coirmotion, or 
' foreign Invafioh, to the Difturbance of the Peace 
' of either Kingdom. We truft it might accele- 

* rate a happy Peace, bring the prefent Differences 
' to an End, and be no Grief of Heart afterwards, 
< if, upon fuch Terms and Conditions, both Houfes 

* fhould be pleafed to revive and renew fuch an In- 

* vitation and Affurance upon their Part, as was 

* contained in thejr Anfwer to his Majefty's Mef- 

* fageof the nth of September, 1642; where, after 
' Mention made of their chief Grievances, it was 
' added, All this 'not with/landing, as we never gavf 
your Majejly any jujl Caufe of withdrawing your- 

* fe-lf from your great Council \ fo it hath ever been 

* and Jhall ever be, far from us to give any Impedi- 
' ment to ytur Return ; or to negletf any proper 
' Means f curing the Di/iempers of the Kingdom^ 

* and clofuig the dangerous Breaches betwixt your 

* Majejiy and your Parliament? according to the 
' great Truft which lies upon us. And, if your Ma- 
' jefty fatt now be pica fed to come buck to ycur 
' Parliament without ycur Fcrcfi^ we Jhall be ready 
' to fecure your Royal Psrfon, Crcwn, and Dig- 
' //y, with our Lives and Fortunes ; your Pre- 
' fence in this great Council being the only Means of 
' any Treaty betwixt your Majeftt and them^ with 
' Hope of Succcfi. Divers fuch Paflajjes there are 
' in the Declarations of both Houfes, which we 

* (hall not neeu tomention. 

* But if the Houfes of Parliament fhall not agree 
' to his Majefty's Defire of coming hither with 
' Safety, Freedom, and Honour, we offer to be 
' confidered in the next Place, whether it be not 

* expedient, that once again Commiflioners be 
' fent to his Majefty, in Name of both Kingdoms, 

* with Power to hear his Deftres, and to endeavour 

* the Satisfaction of his Doubts and Scruples; with 
4 Intimation alfo, That if his M^;tlry fhall not 

* give Satisfadtioji 4iv the :Propoikion, 'both King- 

1 donis 

j 40 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. i2 Car. I. doms will, without any more fuch Applications, 

__j ( cor.fult and jointly refolve upon other Ways of 

October. ' their Safety and Security. And upon the other 

' Part, That if his Majefty will be now, at laft 

* gracioufly pleafed to fatisfy the Defires of both 
' Kingdoms, his Majefty's Throne, with his juft 
' Power and Greatnefs, fliall be eftabliflied, as well 
' as the Peace and Security of his Subjects. 

' All which we do propound in a Brotherly 
' Freedom, not being peremptorily wedded or ad- 

* dieted to any Expedient that we have offered j 

* but, if the Honourable Houfes, in their Wifdom, 

* {hall be pleafed to think of any other Expedient 

* which fliall be for the Good, Safety, and Ho- 
' nour of the King and Kingdoms, we {hall be 
' mcft willing and ready to agree unto it, when it 

* {hall be made known unto us; not doubting but 

* that, jn the faithful and confcionable Ufe of 

* all good and poffible Means, which may pre- 
' vent Differences between the Kingdoms, there 

* will be, at laft, a fweet and brotherly Agreement 
' in fuch a Conclufion, as {hall be good in God's 
' Eyes, and wherein both Kingdoms fliall find the 
' greateft Comfort and Happinefs. 

By Command of the CornmiJJloners for the Par~ 
liament of Scotland. 


4 fecond Paper from the COMMISSIONERS of tke 
PARLIAMENT <j/" Scotland, dattdQSt. 20. 

HAving received the Votes of both Houfes 
of the 24th of September, declaring, That 
vvhatfoever Conference, Confultation, or Debate 
fliall be with the Commiflioners of Scotland, con- 
cerning the Difpofal of the Perfon of the King, 
ic fliall not be underftood to be any Capitulation 
in relation to the retarding of the March of the 
Sects Armyout of this Kingdom, or of any Treaty 
between the Kingdoms concerning the fame : 
And being defired to give an Anfwer hereunto 
before we entered upon the Conference, as we 
i * did 

Another on &e 

^/ENGLAND. 141 

| did then, fb we do now again declare, That our An. * Car. I. 
Conference, Confultation, or Debate with the . * * ' j 
Honourable Houfes concerning the Difpofal of oftober. 
the Perfon of the King, fhall not retard or be 
any Hindrance to the March of the Scots Army 
out of this Kingdom, or to any Treaty concern- 
ing the fame. And that it may be manifeft how 
fenfible we are of the unneceflary Burthens con- 
tinued in this Kingdom, by keeping Armies on 

' Foot after the War is at an 'End ; and that it may 
fully and clearly appear how really it is defired 
by the Scots Army, that, without Delay, they may 
march out of this Kingdom, with the fame Af- 
fection and Chearfulnefs that they came in for the 

* Affiftance of their Brethren. And to the end all 
Jealoufies, Miftakes, or Mifunderftandings of 

' our Intentions may be removed, we do further 

4 declare, That we are willing and ready to meet 

c with fuch as the Honourable Houfes {hall ap- 

4 point, and within twenty-four Hours to agree 

< concerning the Time and Place of the Payment 
' of the 200,000 /. and the Security to be given 

* for the other; and to appoint a Day wherein our 

* Forces mail march out of the Town and Caftleof 

* Neiucajlle, out of Tinmouth Cattle, Hartlepool^ 
. * Stockton, Thirlwal, and all other Places within this 

* Kingdom, (Berwick and Carlijle being difpofed of 
4 according to the refpe&ive Treaties between the 

* Kingdoms,) and likewife for marching of our Ar- 
' my out of this Kingdom, which in regard the 
' \Vinter doth raft approach, and for other import- 

* ant Reafons, we earneftly defire may be with all 

* poffible Expedition: And, for this End, that the 
' Money may be fpeedily lent unto them ; for the 
' fooner they mail receive it the more acceptable 
' it will be, and give the greater Satisfaction, and 
' the irripoverimed and exhauilcd Country will be 

* the "fooner eafed. And fince the Caufe of. their 
. ' Stay and Continuance in this Kingdom is iKt 

* upon their Part; and that for thefe fix Months 

* paft they have received no Pay, whereby they are 
*' exceedingly ftraitened in their Barters, and the 

. * Norther a 

t fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

Northern Parts where they remain greatly ovcr- 
burthened ; we do earneftly intreat that, in the" 
mean Time, (with the 5coo/. at Nottingham al- 
ready accounted unto them) fotne competent Pro- 
portioffof Money may be fent unto the Army for 
their neceiTary Entertainment} or otherwife they 
will be forced to enlarge their Quarters for the 
Eafe of the Country. In all which we are the 
more defirous to come to a Clofe* that within 
few Days fome of our Number muft repair to trie 
Scots Army, arid from thence to the Parliament 
of Scotland, (which is to fit the fecond of No- 
vember next) to give an Account of our Proceed- 
ings ; and therefore we do earneftly intreat the 
fpeedy An fwer of the Honourable Houfes.' 
By Command of the Comtttjjitnen for the ParliA- 
mutt of Scotland. 


Off. 21. On the reading of the foregoing Papers 
of the St-ctt Commiflioners in the Houfe of Lords, 
after Debate thereupon, it was moved that this 
Vote fhould be put, ' That a Committee (hall be 
appointed to join with a proportionable Number of 
the Houfe of Commons, to confult and debate whh 
the Commiflioners of Scotland, concerning fuch 
Things that may fettle the Peace, Profperity, and 
brotherly Amity of the two Kingdoms of England 
anASiotlund.' But, on a fecond Motion, 'Thatthefe 
Words, in Relation to the Klng^ fhould be added, 
it was put to the Queftion, and carried in the Af- 
firmative.' Then the whole Vote, with this Ad- 
dition at the End of it, being read, it alfo pafled 

in the fame Manner. The Reader may pleafe 

to take particular Notice of this Vote, becaufe 
fomewhat material depends upon it in the Sequel. 

OR. 26. The faid Papers were read in the 
Houfe of Commons, when a great Debate arofcj 
and afterwards it was ordered by that Houfe, That 
they fhould be referred to the Confideration of the 
fame Committee, who formerly managed the Con- 
4 c ferenoe 

of E N G L A N D. 143 

fcicnce with the Commiflioners of Scotland about * 
the Difpofal of the King's Perfon, to prepare an 
Anfwer to thetn, and report it to the Houfe, In 
this Debate we find that Thomas Challoner, Efq ; 
Member for Richmond r , fpoke as follows (a] : 

Mr. Speaker, Mr Cha , Ioner , s 

< \7 OU have juft now heard two Papers read speech upon the 
JL before you, from the Commiflioners of Scot- foregoing Papers 
land; the firft concerning the Difpofal of the ^" O d f cim- 
Kirig's Perfon ; the other touching the Diftrac- molttf 
tioris of the North, by reafon, as they fay, of the 
Non-payment of their Army: I (hall fpeak no- 
thing to the latter, becaufe it hath been fo fufE- 
cicntly anfv/er'd by divers knowing Members of this 
Houfe. To the firft I {hall wholly apply rnvfelf, 
becaufclittle ornothing hath been faid to that Point. 
1 The Queftion then before you is about the 
Difpofal of the King's Perfon. You fay, That he 
is to be difpofed of as both Houfes of Parliament 
(hall think fitting; but your Brethren of Scotland 
fay, He is to be difpofed of as both Kingdoms fhall 
think fitting; and they fortify their Affirmation 
with thefe Reafons : 

* They fay, That he is not only King of England, 
butalfo King of Scotland; and as you have an Inte- 
reft in him, he being King of England, fo have they 
ho lefs Intereft in him, he being King of Scotland. 
And as they have not the fole Interett ift him, he 
being King of Scotland, becaufe they acknowledge 
withall that he is King of England; fo have not you 
the fole Intereft In him, he being King of England, 
Uccaufe they defire you to remember that he is 
alfo King of Scotland: So as neither Nation having 
a fole, but a joint, Intereft in his Perfon^ they 
ought jointly to difpofeof it for the Weal and Be- 
nchtof both Kingdoms. 

1 This I take to be the whole Scope of their Ar- 
gument, which they have reprefented unto you 


(4' From the original Edition, printed by frardi Ltacb. 
This Gentleman wan elected in Of}. 1645, in the room of Sir 
Tltirijf Dsnbj, expelled for taking Part with the King, 

144 ^ e bi&tntdry HISTORY 

A n . 22 Car. I. under fo many Difguifcs, and as it \vere by Mul- 
l6 -* 6 - tiplying Glailes, infomuch as the bare Relating of 
^ ta ^ es U P tnree large Sheets of Paper. 

* But while they debate this great Queftion with 
you, touching the Difpofal of the King's Perfon ; 
and while they pofitively arm that he is to bedif- 
pofed of by the joint Conlent of both Nations, give 
me Leave to remember you that, in the mean 
Time, they difpofe wholly of him themfelves; and 
fo have dono for thefc fix Months, and may for fix 
Months L:?ger, for any thing I can gather out of 
th-fc Papers. 

* T^heir Argument runs thus : Wherefoever the 
Kingdom of Scotland hath an Intereft in their King, 

hey niny difpofe of him: But the Kingdom 
of Scotland hath an Intereft in their King, he be- 
ih England-^ therefore in England they may dif- 
poieof him. 

Sir, This may feemat the firft to fome to be 
fr and fpecious Argument; but, let it be well 
confidered, it will prove erroneous and fallacious. 
For, in the major Propofition, they underftand 
one Thing by the Word King-, and, in the minor 
Propofiti. n, they underftand anothc. Thing by 
the Word Kir.'g; and fo here is a Conclufion in- 
ferred which thePremiflcs will not warrant. 

' For the clearing whereof, I pray, Sir, remem- 
ber that this Word King is of a various Signifi- 
cation ; fometimcs it is taken in abftrafto, that is 
for the Royal Power, Function, and Office of a 
Kins;; fometimes it is taken in concrete> 9 that is, for 
the Man or Perfon whom we call King. 

* If their major Propofition be taken in thehrft 
Senfe, we fhall never denv it them; nay, xve fhall 
acknowledge that the King of Scotland^ being ta- 
ken in abjlrago, we have nothing to do with him 
at all; he is folely and totally theirs. God forbid 
that a King of Scotland, going out of his King- 
dom, fhould either make Scotland ceafe to be a 
Kingdom, or give any Participation of Intereft to 
that Country where he doth refide : Let his Perfon 
refide in the furthcft Ports of the Earth, yet Jhe 


if E N G L A N D. 145 

Royal Office and Capacity of the King refideth An. J2 cr. I. 
ftill in Scotland: They have his Sword to do Ju- *6 4 6. 
ftice by ; they have his Sceptre to (hew Mercy by ; 
they have his Seal to confirm what they pleafe by; 
and they have his Laws to govern by: And in this 
Senfe it is only meant that the King is never under 
Years, never dies, cannot be deceived, can neither 
do Wrong or take Wrong of any Body ; and, in 
this Senfc, we fight for King and Parliament, tho' 
the Perfon of the Kins; be in Oppofuion to both ; 
and in this Senfe the Returns and Tefts of the 
King's Writs are, coram me-ipfo apud Weftmona- 
frerium, and te/le me-ipfo apud Wellmonafterium, 
let the Perfon of the King at the fame Time be in 
France, or the remotcft Country in the World : 
But a King of Scotland, taken in this Senfe, is ne- 
ver out of Scotland; and, therefore, whereas they 
fay in the minor Propofition, That the Kingdom of 
Scotland hath an Intereji in their King, he being in 
England, this mud needs be meant of a King in 
concrete ; that is, only of the Perfon of their King, 
and not of his Royal Capacity. And in this Senfc 
we muft deny that they have any thing at all to do 
with him ; for tho' the Royal Office of the King 
of Scotland is folely to be difpofed of by the State 
of Scotland^ yet it is not fo with his Perfon; foj 
Perfona fequitur Locum ; and his Perfon muft be 
difpofed of by the fupreme Power of that Country 
wherefoever he fhall happen to abide. Suppofc a 
King of Scotland fhould be in Spain, will they fay 
they have as great an Intcreft to difpofe of his Per- 
fon there as in Scotland? I think they will not fay 
fo ; and yet they did affirm laft Day at the Confe- 
rence, That they had as good Right to diipofe of his 
Perfon at IVejJm'infter^ as they had at Edinburgh: 
But, under their Favour, England is as dirtincta 
Kingdom from Scotland as Spain: It is as diftinft 
in Laws, diftincl in Privileges, diftinl in Intereft: 
it is luither fubordinate to, nor dependant on, Scot' 
land; and they can no more difpofu of a King of 
Scotland's Perfon he being in England^ than if he 
were in Spain* 

VOL. XV. K < I fhall 

14.6 ^fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An ' ? 6 ? r ' L ' T fha11 take this as g ranted for g od Law 
. l * > let the Perfon of any Nation under the Sun, which 
O&ober. is in Amity with England, happen to come into 
England, that Perfon is forthwith a Subject of 
England; for he, being protected by the Laws of 
England, becomes thereby fubject to thofe Laws; 
it being moft certain that Protettlo trahit Subjec- 
tionem, et Subjeflio Protefiionem ; they being Re- 
latives, the one cannot ftand without the other; 
and as no Man can be faid to be a Father that 
hath no Son, nor no Man a Hufband that hath no 
Wife ; fo no Man can be faid to be protected that 
is not withall thereby fubjedted : And fmce, with- 
out fuch Protection, every Man may kill him and 
deftroy him, it feems to ftand with no Proportion 
of Juftice, that a Man fhould be protected in Life, 
Limb, or Eftate by any Law, that will not fubjecl 
himfelf to that Law. 

' It cannot be denied but that there is a twofold 
Subjection, legal and local; the legal Subjection 
is due from a Subject to his natural Prince; the 
local from any Foreigner to that Prince or State- 
where his Perfon doth refide. And this, though 
it be only pro Tempore, and the other during Life, 
yet it doth, for the Time, totally obftruct the 
Operation of the other Subjection : So that no 
King can command any Subject of his, living out 
of his Kingdom; but fuch Subject of his is to be 
difpofedofby the fole Authority of that fupreme 
Power where he makes his Refidence : And lince 
the Queflion is only about the Perfon of a King of 
Scotland, for I conceive they will not take upon 
them any Authority to difpofe of the Perfon of a 
King of England, I do affirm, That if a King of 
Scotland {hould have come into England before the 
Union of both thefe Kingdoms, he had been in- 
ftantly a Subject of England, and his Perfon to be 
difpofed of by the fole Authority of the Laws of 
England', for either we muft take him as a King 
or a Subject, fmce betwixt them two there is no 
Medium ; as a King we cannot take him, unlefs we 
{hould commit Treafon againft our natural Prince, 


of E N G L A N D, 147 

and fubjecl ourfelves to any but him ; it being mod An - ** c 

certain that there is the fame Relation betwixt the ( ' fe ' __ 

King and his Subjects, as betwixt the Hufband oftober, 
and his Wifej and as no Man can be faid to be a 
Hulband but to his own Wife, fo no Man can be 
faid to be a King but to his own Subjects; and 
therefore we cannot admit of any Regality in the 
Perfon of a King of Scotland coming into England^ 
unlefs, at the fame Time, to the fame Perfon, we 
fhould confefs Subjection. For that it is moft true 
that as none can be faid to be Rex fine Regno\ fo 
no Man can be faid to be Rex but in Regno: There- 
fore, if a King of Scotland^ coming as aforefaid into 
England, if againft the Laws of England he de of- 
fend, by thofe Laws of England he muft be tried, 
and by none other ; for ubi guts delinqult^ ibi puni- 
etur. And it is moft fure that we have difpofed of 
the Perfons of Kings of Scotland, coming into 
England^ both living and dead ; and if we may dif- 
pofe of the Perfon of a King of Scotland, without 
the Confent of the Kingdom of Scotland, much 
more may we difpofe of the; Perfon of a King of 
England^ he being now in England, without their 
Privity or Advice: But if they have any Power to 
difpofe of him, it is becaufe they are either our 
Mafters or our Fellows : If they be our Mafters, 
let them fhew the Time when they conquered us, 
or the Price for which we were fold unto them : 
If they be our Fellows, why come they not to our 
Parliaments, why contribute they not to our Ne- 
ceffities? But as it is apparent that they are two 
diftinct Kingdoms, governed by two diftin& Laws ; 
fo they ought not to intermeddle one with another's 
Intereft, but to content themfelves with what doth 
naturally appertain to each of them feverally* 

* There is no Doubt to be made but that every 
Hufband hath as great an Intereft in the Perfon of 
his Wife, as any Subject hath in the Perfon of his 
Sovereign ; and yet a Man may lofe that Intereft 
by fome Act of his Wife's ; as if (he commit JPc- 
lony, Murder, or Treafon, the Law difpofeth of 
her Perfon, and her Hufband cannot claim any 
^ 1 Riahs 

The Parliamentary His TORT 

I. Right fo much as to her dead Body : So faireth it 
with a King, who, by going out of his Kingdom, 
or by being taken Prifoner by his Enemies, his 
Subje&s lole the Intereft they had in him, and he 
is at the Difpofal of his Enemies Jure Belli. John 
King of England was cited to appear at Paris, to 
anfwer for the Death of Arthur Plantagenet Duke 
of Britainy, whom he had murdered* The State 
of England would not let him go, as holding it a 
great Indignity and Incongruity that a King of 
England ftiould anfwer for any thing at Paris, 
right or wrong. The /"r^^anfwered, That they 
cited him not as King of England, but as Duke 
of Normandy, as King of England, they acknow- 
ledged to have nothing to do with him, he was in 
that Refpecl without them and beyond them ; but 
as Duke of Normandy, which he held in Fee of 
the Crown of France, he owed Fealty and Alle- 
giance for the fame to the Crown of France, and 
therefore ought to anfwer, The Englijh replied, 
That if the Duke of Normandy did go, the King 
of England muft go 4 , and if the Duke of Normandy 
were beheaded, they knew well enough what would 
become of the King of England. Upon large 
Debate hereof by all the Lawyers in France, it 
was refolved, that if John had been in Normandy 
at the Time of his Summons, he ought to have 
appeared; but he being extra Jurifdiftionem Regni 
Francite at the Time of his Summons, and infra 
Jurifdiflionem Rcgni Anglia, though legally he 
were a Subject of France, yet locally he being in 
England, his Summons was void, and he forfeited 
nothing by his Non-Appearance. 

* I will only urge onr Argument more, deduced 
from a known Maxim of the Law, not only of Engr 
land but of Scotland alfo, which the Commiffioners 
of Scotland t\\e other Day at the Conference did cite 
themfelves, in my Opinion much againft them- 
fclves, and that is this, Qiunido duo Jura, inter 
duo Regna, faith a great Lawyer, concurrant iff 
una Perfona, ezquum ejl ac ft ejfint in diver/is; 
which is no more than this, When two Kingdoms, 


of ENGLAND. 149 

held by two diftinft Titles, do concur in one and An. > CM. J * 
the fame Pcrfon, it is all one as if they were in .. ' * ' A 
two diftint Perfons. I fuppofe here is our very odobw. 
Cafe; here are two Kingdoms, England and Scot- 
land, held by two diftin& Titles, which do both 
concur in one Perfon, in the Perfon of King 
Charles; it is all one faith this Rule and Maxim of 
the Law, as if they were under two feveral Per- 
foni. Why then put the Cafe, that there wer 
one King of England and another of Scotfand t 
would the State of Scotland have any thing to do to 
difpofc of the Perfon of a King of England^ he be- 
ing in England? I think you will fay they could not. 
4 Sir, I am forry that our Brethren have moved 
this Question at this Time; for all Queftions 
make Debates, and Debates Differences ; and this 
were a Time for Brothers to reconcile Differences 
rather than to make them. We have now li- 
ved almoft 44 Years both under two Princes, and 
in all this Time this Queftion was never ftirred in 
till now ; had it been ftirred in, no qucftion but it - 
had been rejected. The People of England would 
have held it very ftrange that they could not have 
difpofed of the Pcrfon of their own King; or that 
a King of England could not have gone from 
Whitehall to Richmond or Hampton-Court , without 
the Will and Appointment of the Council of 
Scotland-) they would have thought they had made 
a bad Bargain by fuch an Union: For, before the 
Union, they might have difpofed of the Perfon of 
their Prince ; but after, not. And fince they con- 
ceived that, by the Addition of Scotland^ there was 
an Addition of Charge, they would have been very 
forry withall to have had an Addition of Servility. 
* Since the Beginning of the World there was 
never before fuch a Contention about the Pcrfon 
of a King. The Greeks and Trojans did contend 
for a long Time in Fight about the dead Body of 
Patroclus which of them fliould have it ; but 
here is not a Contention about the dead Body of 
a private Man, but about the living Body of a 
King: Neither do we contend as they did, who 
K 3 fliould. 

150 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 21 Car. I. ftould have his Perfon ; but here you do contend, 
v '. J 6 ' j as far as I conceive, who (hall not have it. Your 
Oftober, Brethren of Scotland fay pofitively, They will not 
have the King's Perfon upon any Condition \vhat- 
foever. It is now about fix Months part that you' 
voted in this Houfe the Demanding of the King's 
Perfon, but the Lords then refu fed tojoin with you; 
ever fince, until this prefent, you yourfelf did ac- 
quiefce, as if you had repented of your former 
Vote: (h) Now he muft be put upon you, and with 
fuch Terms as his prefent Guardians pleafe to al- 
low of. 

* Truly it feems ftrange to me, that an Army of 
Scots, in Pay of the Kingdom of England, which, 
by the Treaty, ought to be governed by the joint 
Confent of the Committees of both Kingdoms up- 
on the Place, fhould, in England, take a King of 
England without the Privity of the Engli/h Com- 
mittee, and convey him to Newcaftle, a Town 
likewife of England; and fhould there keep him 
for fix whole Months, without the Confent of 
both Houfes of Parliament; and when they find 
it not convenient for them to keep him any longer, 
then they will capitulate with you upon what Con- 
ditions you muft receive his Perfon. 

4 I never thought to have found a King of En- 
gland, his Perfon being in England, under any 
other Protection but that of the Laws of England; 
but now 1 find him under the Protedtion of a Scots 
Army, whither they fay he is fled for Shelter, and 
that they cannot render him up with Honour. 

* Sir, if that Army of theirs be come into this 
Kingdom as Brethren, Friends, and Confederates, 
as we hope they are, then is every Perfon of that 
Army, during the Time of his Stay here, locally 
a Subject of England; and fuch Children as are 
born to them here are not Aliens, but Denifons ; 
and not only local, but legal Subjects of this King- 
dom: And therefore they having gotten the King 
into their Hands, they ought no more to capitu- 
(b) See Vol. XIV. p. 386, and in thii Volume p. 99. 

of ENGLAND. 151 

late upon what Terms he fhould be delivered into An - **." l ' 
yours, than if the Army of Sir Thomas Fairfax ' 

were in Pofleffion thereof; who, if they {hould deny 
the furrendering of the King unto you, but upon 
Condition, no queftion but it were capital. 

* They fay, That by virtue of the Covenant 
they are obliged to defend his Perfon and Autho- 
rity. What his Authority is in Scotland themfelves 
beft know; but you are only to judge of it in En- 
gland, fince, being not fubordinate to any Power 
on Eart'i, there is no Power under Heaven can 
judge you. The Covenant ties you to maintain, 
in the firft Place, the Rights of Parliament, and 
the Liberties of the Kingdom; and, in the fecond 
Place, the King's Perfon and Authority; and that 
only in Defence of the former, and not otherwife. 
And whereas they expcft the King {hould be re- 
ceived by you with Honour, Safety, and Freedom,; 
I befeech you, Sir, confider whether, as the Cafe 
now ftands, his Reception with Honour can ftand 
with the Honour of the Kingdom ; whether his 
Safety be not incompatible with the Safety, you 
Common-Wealth; and whether his Freedom be 
not inconfiftent with the Freedom of the People. 

' I pray, Sir, take heed left that, bringing him 
in with Honour, you do not difhonour yourfelf, 
and queftion the very Juftice of all your Actions; 
be wary that, in receiving him with Safety, you 
do not thereby endanger and hazard the Common- 
Wealth; be ad vi fed, left, in bringing him home 
with Freedom, you do not thereby lead the People 
of England into Thraldem. 

' I pray, Sir, firft fettle the Honour, Safety, and 
Freedom of the Common- Wealth : and then the 
Honour, Safety, and Freedom of the King ; fo far 
as the latter may ftand with the former^ and not 

4 Wherefore I {hall conclude with my humble 
Defire, That you would adhere to your former 
Vote; that is, That the King be difpofed of as 
both Houfes of Parliament {hall think fitting; and 
that you enter inten^o Treaty, either with the King 
K 4 o f 

1 52 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

A Remonftrance 
from the Scott 
requiring Pay for 
their Army. 

*z Car. I. or your Brethren of Scotland, left otherwife thereby 
1646. vou re tard the going home of their Army out of 
~wl~Z~ England.' 

The &-0rjCommiflioners not having received any 
Anfwer to their Paper of the 2Oth of this Month, 
relating to their Army in the North of England^ 
they fent the following Remonflrances, a few Days 
after, to the Houfe of Lords, under Cover to their 
Speaker (<?). 

Right Honourable, 

IT is very well known to the Honourable 
Houfes, that the Scots Army, receiving no Pay 
for thefe fix Months paft, have been forced to take 
free Quarter from the Country People ; whereby 
the Northern Counties have been extremely ex- 
haufted and impoverifhed, and the Neceffities of 
that Army in a great Meafure unfupplied. We 
had refted fatisfied that thefe Things had been 
already reprefented to both Houfes of Parliament, 
and that the Inconveniences which might follow 
thereupon were fufficiently underftood : But be- 
ing advertifed, by feveral Letters, of the growing 
Neceflities of the Army, and the infupportable 
Burthen of thofe Parts where they do quarter ; 
for our further Exoneration, and preventing the 
great Dangers that may enfue, we have judged it 
neceflary to acquaint the Honourable Houfes, 
that it is rumoured abroad in the Northern Parts, 
that the Country People have a Dcfign to fur- 
prize and injure our Forces, as they lie difperfed 
in their feveral Quarters. It were a Matter of 
no great Difficulty tor the Scots Army, in a for- 
cible Manner, to prevent or fupprefs any fuch In- 
furredtion ; but they have refolveH to prefer the 
Public Good, and a happy Correfpondence be- 
tween the Kingdoms, to their own Safety : lit 
purfuance whereof they have writtui Letters to 
the Commitfee of Yorkjhire ?.nd other Counties, 
carncftly defiring their Concurrence to prevent 

() From the EJinfarfb Edition laft cited. 

of E N G L A N D. 153 

fuch Inconveniences as may endanger the Peace An. iz Car. 
and Union betwixt the Kingdoms: And have 
given Dire&ion to the General Officers of the 
Army to confer with the Gentlemen of the 
Country, and to ufe their utmoft Endeavours to 
remove all Jealoufies and Miftakesj and particu- 
larly to acquaint them how earneftly defirous they 
are, and have been for above thefe two Months 
part, to remove out of this Kingdom, and re- 
turn to their native Country. Upon which Con- 
federations it is our renewed earneft Requeft to 
the Honourable Houfes, that the fuft 200,000 /. 
may be fpeedily raifed and fent to the Army, and 
the Security for the other agreed upon, that they 
may forthwith march out of this Kingdom ; or 
otherwife that, in the mean Time, fome Courfe 
may be taken for fupplying that Army, and 
eafmgof the Country until the Money be raifed, 
whereby the great Danger that is like to arife, 
to the Dirturbance of the Peace betwixt the 
Kingdoms, may be prevented : For if the Scots 
Army (hall be forced to enlarge their Quar- 
ters Southward, and, in the mean Time, Sir 
'Thomas Fairfax's Army, as we are informed, do 
enlarge their Quarters Northward into thofe har- 
rafs'd and exhaufted Counties, it is eafy to fore- 
fee that thefe Kingdoms may unhappily be again 
embroiled into new and greater Troubles than 
they have yet feen ; and what great Advantage 
will be given to foreign Nations to make ufe of 
our divided Intercfts to the Ruin of both All 
which, out of the Confcience or our Duty, and 
fincere Affection to the Peace and Happinefs of 
thefe Kingdoms, we have thought ourfelves 
bound timeoufly to make known ; and, againft 
all Jealoufies and Mifapprchenfions, to give per- 
fect mid full Aflurance, that, whutfoever Reports 
or Sugijeftions there may be to the contrary, no 
Porfuafion, Terror, Plot, nor Combination, ftiall 
ever be able, directly or indirectly, to divide or 
withdraw the Kingdom of Scotland, from a firm 
Conjunction with this Kingdom ; but as they 

' have 

An. 2* Car. I. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

have done hitherto, fo for the future fhall conti- 
nue, in purfuance of the Ends of our Solemn 
League and Covenant, anil againft all Oppofi- 
tion whether foreign or inteftine, to promote and 
fettle the Peace of both Kingdoms; being very 
confident that the Honourable Houfes, in their 
Wifdom, will ferioufly apply themfelves to the 
effectual Means for preventing the Dangers and 
Evils reprefented ; for haftening the Return of 
our Army, and fatisfying all our juft Defires 
for fettling the Peace of thefe Kingdoms; which, 
with conftant Zeal and fervent Affe&ion, fhall 
ever be faithfully endeavoured by 
Tour Lordjhip's 

Oflotxrzo, 1646. 


humble Servants, 


Another, com- 
plaining of Pam- 
phlets being 
printed againft 
them, &c. 

Right Honourable^ 

UPON the nth of Augujl^ we did declare 
how defirous the Kingdom of Scotland was 
of the eafing of the Burthens and Preflures of this 
Nation, and their Willingnefs forthwith to fur- 
render the Garrifons, and recall their Army out 
of this Kingdom, reafonable Satisfaction being 
given for their Pains and Charges. And after 
the Honourable Houfes had rcfolved upon the 
Ways and Means for their Satisfaction, we 
were prefied by them to come to a fpeedy 
Agreement concerning the particular Time of 
the Removal of our Army out of this Kingdom ; 
which was infifted on with fo much Earneftnefs, 
as, at the Conference in September laft, it was 
required, that we fhould declare, That ourCon- 
fultation about the Difpofing of the King (hould 
be no Hindrance to the marching of our Army 
out of this Kingdom, or to any Treaty concern- 
ing the fame: To which we did not only wil- 
lingly aflent, but have fmce declared, That we 
were ready, within four- and-twenty Hours, toa- 
2 ' agree 


1 gree concerning the Time and Place of the Pay- An. 
6 meat of the firft 200,000 /. and the Security to 

* be given for the other; and to appoint a Day for 

* the Delivery of the Garrifons, and marching of 
4 our Army out of this Kingdom. For above thefe 
4 fix Months paft no Money hath been fent to our 
' Army, nor hath any Courfe been taken for their 

* Maintenance during that Time, but they have 
4 been forced to quarter upon the Northern Coun- 
4 ties ; of whofe Sufferings we have been fo fen- 
4 fible, that there was no Means could occur to 
4 us which might afford them Relief, but we have, 
4 from Time to Time, reprefented the fame to the 
4 Honourable Houfes : And we may, from certain 
4 Knowledge, and with Confidence, fay, that, for 
4 above thefe two Months paft, the Northern 
4 Counties have been no more defirous to be 
4 eafed of their Preffures, than the Scot) Army 
4 hath been to remove out of this Kingdom, 
4 and return to their native Country. All which 
4 notwithftanding, we do perceive that our mali- 
4 cious Enemies will never give over to calum- 

* niate even our beft Actions and moft faithful En- 
4 deavours; and, for their own bafe Ends, tofo- 
4 ment and increafe Jealoufies and Differences be- 
4 tween the Kingdoms, as may appear by a printed 
4 Declaration here inclofed (d) ; which we do find to 
4 be fo full of wicked Spight, bitter Invectives, and 
4 deteftabje Lyes, againft the Scots Army; and fo 
4 directly aiming to ftir up a Difa flection in the 
4 People againft that Nation and Army, as we 
4 could not but preient it to the View of the Ho- 
4 nourable Houfes; earneftly defiring them feri- 
4 oufly to confider how they would conftruct of it, 
4 if Diurnals and Pamphlets of this Kind were 
4 daily licenfed in the Kingdom of Scotland, to be 
4 printed againft the Englifo Nation or Army, and 
4 no Courfe taken for their Vindication; but 
4 rather all Papers which miy clear their Proceed- 
' ings denied to be licenfed, or flopped and fup- 

4 prefled 

(</) The Declaration, here rcferr'J to, It not printed with this 

1 56 ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

iV*6?"' L ' P^fletl. We did long fmce, in our Paper of the 
' iithof^K&/7, exprefs our Confidence that the 
' Honourable Houfes, in their Wifdom and Ju- 
' ftice, would take fome Courfe to prevent fuch 
' vile Abufes for the future; and have ever fmce 
' been expecting to hear of their Refolutions for a 
' fpecdy Redrefc. But having perceived that the 

* Patience of the Houfes hath animated the Au- 
' thors of fuch Pamphlets to return to their 
' Boldnek, we are neceffitated to renew our for- 

* mer Defires; being ftill confident that, if the 

* Honourable Houfes could fpare but a little Time 

* from their greater Affairs, upon the Perufal and 
% Confederation of a few of theDiurnals and Pam- 
' phlets that are almoft daily publifhed to the 

* World, their Wifdom and Affection would nc- 
' ver bear with fo many bafe Calumnies and re- 
' proachful Afperfions as are therein caft upon their 

* Brethren of Scotland, with whom they are tied 

* by fo many Bonds and mutual Obligations. We 
' fliall not further infift upon this Bufmtfr, expect- 
' ing, upon what is already reprefented, to receive 

* fpcedy Satisfaction; not doubting alfo but that 
' the Honourable Houfes will, in their Wifdom 
4 and Civility, give Order that the Speeches of the 

* Lord-Chancellor of Scotland, lately feizcd on at 
' thePrefs, (and which wereby himdifcharg'd to be 

* publiftied till the Conference was reported to the 

* Houfes) {hall be returned unto us. And to the 
' end a happy Correfpondence, with Love and 

* Amity, may be inviolably preferved between the 

* Kingdoms, we do again earneftly defire, That 
' all Inconveniences by approaching of Armies may 

* be prevented; that fome Courfe may be taken 

* for the prefent Maintenance of the 9c9tt Army, 

* and Eafe of the Northern Parts; or, which w 
' much rather^ defire, that the 2co,oco/. may be 
' forthwith provided and fentto that Army; and, 

* without further Delay, that a Day may be agreed 
' on for the Delivery of the Garrifons, and murch- 

* ing of our Army out of this Kingdom; that, af- 
' u-r all thcfe Troubles and heavv PrcfTurers of both 

* King- 

^ENGLAND. 157 

Kingdoms, they may at laft enjoy the Fruits of An - "Car. I. 
their Labours, a happy Peace, which is the earneft v _ *^ _ , 
4 Defireof Otobe-. 

Tour Lordfap's 

Wtretfler Haufe. , . 

9ft. 19, 1646. myt bumble Servants, 




Before we conclude the Tranfaftions of this T* Priiamr 

- 4 , n_ n i XT ruo attend the Fune- 

Month, we mall take Notice of the Preparations ra i fthe 

ordered for the Earl of EJJex's Funeral ; who was Eflor. 
buried on the twenty-fecond, in Weftmttdter Abby, 
with little lefs than Regal Pomp and Solemnity; 
both Houfes of Parliament, the Lord Mayor, A 1 * 
dermen, WV. and the Militia of the City of London^ 
marching in the Proceffion 

The Lords, alfo, agreed to an Ordinance, fent An Ordinance 
up by the Commons, for Difannulling and making for Tac ID g a)I 
void all Titles of Honour conferred by the King, b/th^King'finr 
on all Pcrfons, ever fmce the Lord Littleton carried May 22, 164: 
otf the Great Seal : And that they fhall not pre- 
tend to fit or vote, as Peers, in the Parliament of 
England, without the Confent of both Houfe* of 

But before the putting the Qucftion for the paf- 
fmg this Ordinance, the following Lords had afked 
L^ave to diflent if it was carried againft them; 
and accordingly we find this fhort Proteft entered, 
viz. * That in refpecl the Ordinance fecms to be 
perpetual, and not appearing to be fent to the 
King for his Confent, whereby Things that are 
to be perpetual might be fettled in the old Way, by 
the three Eftates of the Kingdom, therefore they 
diflented from the fame. 







i 5 8 


The Parliantentary HISTORY 

The two Houses had likewife a great Difpute 
this Month, about nominating new Commiflioners 
of the Great Seal, and feveral Conferences were 
held about it. At' laft they agreed to constitute 
the Speakers of both Houfes joint Commiflioners 
to al in that Office for the Space of twenty 
Days; but it was enlarged to a longer Time af- 

Laflly, in order to the effectual Extirpation of 
all Epifcopal Power out of this Kingdom, the Par- 
liament pafTed an Ordinance (), the Preamble to 
which runs thus: ' That for the abolifhing of 
Archbifhops and Bifhops, and providing for the 
Pavment of the juft and neceflary Debts of the 
Kingdom, into which the fame had been drawn 
by a War, mainly promoted by and in Favour of 
the fakl Archbifhops and Bifhops, and other their 
Adherents and Dependents, 5V.' And then it pro- 
eeds to enadt, * That the Name, Title, Stile, and 
Dignity of Archbifhop of Canierl;>.rj, Archbifhop 
of York, Bifhops of Winchefter and Durham; and 
of all other Bifhops in England and Walcs^ be, 
from September 6, 1646, wholly abolifhed and 
taken away, and their Lands, PofTeflions, and 
Evidences thereof, fettled in Truftees, who are 
to hold fuch Lands, as the Bifhops held of the 
King, in Fee and common Soccage by Fealty; 
and fuch Lands as they held of other than the 
King by the accuftomed Rents and Services, 
and difcharged of Tithes: That the Truftees 
have Power to name Surveyors to put the Deeds 
in fafe Cuftody, who are to take an Oath : That 
Leafes not exceeding three Lives, or twenty-one 
Years, whereupon an old Rent is referv'd, are 
not to be avoided ; but Leafes made by the Bi- 
fhops fmce the fiift of December, 1641, to be 
void: That fuch Perfons who have furrendered 
th:ir old Leafes fmce that- Time, to the end they 

* might 

(i) This 3rd the following Ordinance, which are very long, being 
printed in Iluficmdit, ScobeFt, and Ruftnuort&s Collections, we judge 
an Abftract of the moft material Claules of them fufficient for ou* 

of E N G L A N D. 159 

' might have a new one granted, {hall enjoy their Al >' Car. I. 

old Leafes ; with a Saving of the Right of all . l6 * ' , 

4 Perfons other than the King and the Bifhops ; November. 

' alfoto thofe who have adhered to the Parliament, 

' fuch Eftates as they have forfeited for Non- 

' payment of Rent, and faving, to the Earl of Pern- 

' broke and Montgomery, Durbam-Houfe : That all 

' Rents payable to charitable Ufes be continued : 

' That the Sheriff prefent to the Judges a fit Per- 

fon to perform the Office of Ordinary : That 

c Commiflions upon the Statute for chzritable Ufes 

* fhall be valid, though the Bifhop be therein 

' omirted : And that all Iflues, triable by the Or- 

dinary or Bifhop, (hall be tried by Jury in ufual 


November. As the laft Month ended with an 
Ordinance for verting the Temporalities of the 
Bifhops in Truftees, &c. for the Ufe of the Pnblic ; 
fo this began with another for the abfolute Sale of 
them : It was fent up to the Houfe of Lords on the 
third of this Month, where being canvaffed and de- 
bated till the 1 6th, it palled, with fome Amend- 

This Ordinance, after reciting the former, enacts, And for frfling 
That the Truftees therein named fhall ftand J^' Temp " 
c feized of, and receive, the Rents and Profits of 

* the Bifhops Lands due after the firft of Novem- 

* ber 1646: That they have Power to chufe their 

* Counfel, and appoint Stewards of Manors and 
' other Officers, who are to be paid by the Trea/- 

* furers : That the Contractors for the Sale of the 

* Premifles, therein named, be allowed Two-pence 

* per Pound for every Sum they pay the Trcafu- 

* rers : That the Truftees, or any five of them* 

* have Power to convey, according to Contract of 

* fix or more of the Contractors entsr'd and certifU 

* ed to the Truftees ; none of whom are to be Con- 

* tractors, nor any of the Contr^dors to be Purcha- 

* fers : That the Purchafers fhall hold the Lands 
difcharged of all Trufts, Accounts, &V. and of 

* all Incumbrances made by the Truftees ; who, 


160 7%e Partiamen'ary HISTORY 

An. 2 % Car. i. < as well as the Comra&ors are to be indemnified : 

f * That ai! Perfons Rights be faved which were fo 

Nonber * ^ f ^ e f rmcr Ordinance : That the Jura Re- 
' galla of the Bifhopricks of Durham and Ely re- 

* main in the Truces named in the Ordinance 
c for abolifhinj of Archbifhops and Biihops : That 
' no Churches, C .aples, or Church-prds be fold : 
' That the Aflcmbly of Divines be paid their Al- 
' lovvance due to them by former Orders of Parlia- 
' rncnt, with all their Arrears, out of the Reve- 

* nues of the Archbifh prick of Canterbury, untill 
' fuch Time t.s the Lands and Revenues of the 

* Archbiihops and Bifhops be fold: That any 

* Purchafer who {hall be evicted by any eigne 

* Right, f sc. (hall have Recompence made him for 

* tiie Money he has paid ; and, if required, an AcV 

* of Parliament, or Letters Patent under the Great 

* Se:.l, for the further AfTurancc of the Premifles 

* to any Purchafer : That the Treafurers therein 

* named have Power to take Subfcriptions for the 
' raifmg 200,000 /. for the Service of the Com- 
' monweaUh, who are, upon Certific ite, to afccr- 
' tain 'the Money and Intereft upon the Public 
' Faith, and to give Receipts for it : That Money 

* due by this Ordinance may be aflign'd over : 
' Perfons producing a forged Certificate to the 
' Treafurers, to forfeit any Sum lent by them : 

* That every Subfcriber pay his Subfcription with- 

* in eight t)ays, on Pain of forfeiting what Mo- 
' ney is due to him on the Public Faith, unlefs he 
(hew a reafonable Caufe to the contrary, to be 

* allowed of by the Truftees : That the Treafu- 
' rers pay no Part of the faid 200,000 /. fo to be 
' raifed, but by Ordinance of Parliament ; nor any 
c Money, that may come into their Hands by Sale 
' of the Premifles, but by Warrant of the Truftees. 
' That the Lenders be paid the fourth Part of their 
' Money, in courfe as they paid in the fame, witb 

* the Intcreft then due, as Money (hall arife by 
' Sale of the Premifles ; but if they be Purchafcrs 
' they may deduct all the Money due to them: 

* That the Treafurers give in their Accounts every 

* fix 

rf E N G L A N D. 161 

fix Weeks to the Committee for taking the Ac- An. 12 Car. j. 

counts of the Kingdom, and have one Penny per ^ \ ' j 

Pound allowed them for all M >ney by them re- November, 
ceived and paid: That Henry Elfyng, Efq ; 
Cleric of the Houfe of Commons, be Keeper of 
all Records concerning the Lands, &c. of the 
late Archbifhops and Bifhops; to whom Sur- 
veyors and Contractors are to make their Re- 
turns, and he to be allowed ioo/. per Annum and 
other reifonable Fees for Writing, Rating, &c. 
That the Truftees name Surveyors, any three or 
more of whom (hall have Power to enquire 
what Honours, Manors, Lordftiips, &c. did be- 
long to any of the Archbiftiops or Bifhops, and 
what Sums any of the Premiifes are chargeable 
with for pious Ufes, and to make an exa& Sur- 
vey; which Surveys are to be kept in fuch 
PI ices as the Truftees (hall appoint: That the 
Surveyors may keep Courts, caufe any Perfon to 
{hew their Writings, and examine on Oathj 
which they or the Truftees have Power to ad- 
minifter, and to commit to Prifon fuch Perfons 
as (hall refufe to take the fame, provided they 
be not Peers: That the Commiffioners of Ex- 
cile pay Intereft for the Money due by this Ordi- 
nance every fix Months, after the Rate of 87. per 
Cent. That Col. Robert Manwaring be appointed 
Regiftcr-Accountant of all Accounts concerning 
the Premilfes, with a Salary of 200 /. per Ann. 
That Alderman John Fowke, of London^ be ap- 
pointed Comptroller of all Entries, Receipts, and 
Payments, with the like yearly Salary : And for 
the better fecuring the Monies due by this Ordi- 
nance, the Excife fettled on the nth of Septem- . 
her, 1643, lh a M be continued, &cS Then fol- 
low Inftruc>ions to be obferved by the Comptrol- 
ler, the Contractors, the Surveyors, and the Re- 

Thus the Titles, Honours, and JurifdicYions of 

B;fh ips were utterly abolifhed ; and their Lands 

and Revenues all ordered to be fold, by an Ordi- 

VOL. XV. L narice 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

J * nartce of Parliament, without ever confulting th 
; King about it. 
NoTember. There was fome Debate between the two Houfes 
as to fetting a Price for the Purchafe of thefe 
Lands ; the Lords being for eight Years Purchafe, 
and the Commons for ten. The former gave thefe 
Reafons for only eight : Firft, For the fpeedy Sale 
of them, that the Monies may be fooner raifed by 
them : Secondly, That thereby they may be the bet- 
ter difperfed intofeveral Hands: And, thirdly, The 
Lords had confidered of the Sales made of the Ab- 
bey-Lands by King Henry the Eighth; and did 
find, that their Lands were then fold at a far lower 
Rate, although thofe Times were Times of Peace. 
The latter argued, That the Biftiops Demefne 
Lands were lett at a very low Rate, and they had a 
great Addition to them to invite Purchasers, as 
Houfes and Woods ; and therefore were to be fet 
at a higher Rate than the other Lands, as being 
the beft and faireft Security: That if their Lord- 
fhips and fome of the Members of the Houfe of 
Commons would be Purchafers of fome of the Bi- 
fhops Lands, it would be an Honour and Credit to 
the Sale : But if they and the Commons fhould 
pull down the Rate to eight Years Purchafe, it 
would be thought to be done on Purpofe to have 
the eafier Bargains. The Lords were convinced 
by thefe Reafons, and agreed to ten Years Pur- 
chafe as it ftands in the Ordinance. 

To (hew what Ufe the Parliament intended to 
put fome of the Money to, ariiirg from this Sale, 
we find the following Declaration agreed to by 
both Houfes: 

f *j ro - ' Be it declared, by the Lords and Commons 
.to be in Parliament, That the firft ioo,coo/. which 
paid'to the Scots, fhall be raifed, either by the Sale of the Bifhops 
Lands, or on the Credit of the Ordinances which 
are patted for that Purpofe, fhall be paid to our 
Brethren ofSeftiauf 9 upon the Marching of their 
Army and Forces out of this Kingdom, at fuch 
Time and Place as fhall be agreec upon. And 
4 ' the 

cf ENGLAND. 163 

the next 50,000 /. fo raifed, at the End of three -An. a* Car. I. 
Months after the former Payment ; and 5O,ooO/. t l6 * 6 ' 
more, raifed as aforefaid, at the End of nine Nove ^ bcr> 
Months after the firft Payment. But, in cafe 
the latter 1 00,000 /. fhall be more fpeedily pro- 
cured, the fame fhall be fooner paid to them ; 
although there be no Engagement for a more 
fpeedy Payment, than at the Times before ex- 
prefled.' ' 

Indeed the Scots Army, being ftill in the 
Northern Parts in this Kingdom, was a grievous 
Burthen to that Country to fupport. Many In- 
ftances and Evidences of which, on good Authority, 
were fent up to Parliament, and read in both Houfes. 
And that a downright Rupture between the two 
Nations was then expected, in which the fcattered 
Royalifts in England might reap fome Advantage, 
appears by the Houfe of Commons ordering 
Guards to be placed at the feveral Pafles over the 
RiverTnvz/; that they fhould take fpecial Care to 
fuffer none to go Northward, without warrantable 
Pafles ; and that all Perfons whatfoever, who had 
borne Arms againft the Parliament, and other fu- 
fpedled Perfons armed, fhould be flopped. But 
the Scots Commiflioners, in order to clear their 
Army from the Charge of being the Occalion of 
thefe Oppreflions, prefented the following Me- 
morial to the Houfe of Lords, addrefs'd to their 

Right Honourable^ Nov. 3, 1646. 

UPON Saturday Night we received from Tfce Scots VlndS- 
your Lordfhips feveral Papers and Peti- cation againft the 
tions, fent out of the Northern Parts of this 
Kingdom, concerning the Sufferings of the In- 
habitants there, and the Monies paid by them to 
the Scots Army ; to which Papers, until we re* 
ceive particular Information from our Army, we 
return this Anfwer; 

That we are informed by fome of the Officers 
' of the Scots Arrry now in London, that the Inha- 
le 2 ' bitantt 


A n. a Car. I. 


'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

bitants of Cleveland, Bedale, and AJkrig, who fent 
thefe Petitions to the Parliament, have fuffered 
more than any others in the Northern Counties, 
the Quarters of the Scots Army being ftrait, and 
thofe Parts fitteft for their Accommodation; 
but that divers Proportions mentioned in thofe 
Papers ate not near fo great as they are rcpre- 
fented ; and in particular, that the Sums are much 
lefs in the fubfcribed Accounts given by the 
Country to the Scots Army; and whatever Mo- 
nies are pnid by them to the Scots Army, they 
difcharge their Quarters with thofe Monies ; 
which however they may be diiproportionuble 
to the Abilities of the Country, yet there is 
no m^re taken thar in the le.ift Meafure may 
enable the Army tofubfift; nor is there any more 
allowed unto them than Four-pence per Diem to 
the Foot Soldier, Twelve pence to the Horfe, 
and a third Part Pay to the Officers. 
4 Upon all which we do obferve, That the Scots 
Army, receiving no Pay from the Parliament for 
near thefe feven Months paft, are enforced to 
quarter in thofe Parts of the Kingdom which are 
moft exhaufted, and have fuffered mofl fince the 
Beginning of theie Wars; and are alfo exceed- 
ing ftraitned in their Quarters, by reafon the 
Englljh Forces do lie fo near them, whereof the 
Effe&s are the Undoing of the poor Inhabitants 
there; the rendering of the Scots Army odious, 
and rail) ngDifcon tent in the People againft them.; 
whereas if Care had been taken for their Enter- 
tainment, and if their Maintenance had been 
equally laid upon the whole Kingdom, the Scct$ 
Army had been much better provided, and the 
Inhabitants of thofe Northern Parts had never 
been fubjeted to thefe heavy Burthens. And 
tho' it were true that the prefcnt monthly Charge 
oi" the Scots Army did amount to ig.joc/. (which 
we do very much queflion) yet this Sum is far 
fliort of the 31, coo/, contracted for by the Trea- 
ty, befides theSurplufage that appears due upon 


of ENGLAND. 165 

' We do likewife obferve from thofe Papers, An. ** ear. r. 

* That we have good Reafon to complain of tac t6 4 6 - 

4 vile Afperfions fo unjuftly caft upon the Scots Ar- ^T ^~~~* 
my by the Weekly Dmrnah and Pamphlets; in 

* particular of that printed Declaration prefentcj 

* by us to the Houfes; wherein, befule other detcft- 
4 able and exafperating Language to delude the 

* People, it is faid, That the Sects Army do ajjlfs 
according to the Rale of 147,000^ per ; 
4 and we do expect that the Honourable Houlls 
will, in Juftice, take Order with fiich Abufcrs 

* of the People, and prevent their Pradtices for the 
4 future ; upon which we do the rather infill, in 
4 that the Diurnal this Week has reprinted the 

* fame Tilings; and, to deceive the People, has 
4 greatly perverted the Meaning of fome Things 

* contained in the Petitions fent from the Norta : 

* And it doth farther appear, that the D-jfires of 

* thofe Petitions and Letters are the fame with ours, 

* and that there is an urgent Necefliiy for ths 

* Houfes of Parliament fpeedily to take into Coii- 
1 fideration the Defires of our fcveral Papers, for 

* hafteningthe 200,000 /. to the Army, and their 

* Removal out of this Kingdom. 

* And fmce the Neceflities of that Army Jo daily 
< increafe, and the longer they ftay in the King- 

* dom they muft needs be a greater Burthen to it, 
4 efpecially to thofe Parts where they do quarter ; 

* and feeing moft of Sir Tbimas Fan-fax's Army 
4 (for what Ends we know not) is marched North- 
4 ward, whereby Differences may arife to the Di- 

* fturbance of the Peace of the Kingdoms, we i^o 

* earneftlv intreat the Honourable Houfes to lay 
4 thcfe Things timeoufly to Heart; and to give 
4 fuchafpeedy and juft Anfwer to our former Pa- 
4 pers, as may be a Means to preferve thcfe King- 

* doms in a happy Union and brotherly Corrcfpon- 
4 dence. 

By Command of the Commifjioners for the Par- 
liament of Scotland. 

L 3 M* 

1 66 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a* Car. I. tf v. 12. This Day we find an Entry in the 
.__ * 6 ' t Journals of a Report made to the Lords, from 
November, the Commiffioners of both Kingdoms, That Colo- 
nel George Monk had been with them, and had en- 
gaged his Honour that he would faithfully ferve 
Col. George the Parliament in the War of Ireland, if he might 
^ W r ?he em " be employed thither. That he had taken the Ne- 
Parliamcnt. gative Oath, was willing to take the Covenant; 
and would be ready for his Journey at a Day's 
Warning () j which being fignified to the Commons, 
bothHoufes agreed to his Commiflion, as aPerfon 
veil qualified to do great Service in thofe Wars. 
This is the firft public Notice we have met with 
relating to the Conduct of this Officer, who makes 
fucha Figure in thefe Annals afterwards. 

Nov. 13. The Speaker acquainted the Lords, 
foSwwSpkl That, the Day before, Sir Thomas Fairfax arrived" 
ment General in Town, and the fame Night came to him, and 
Fairfax on his exprefled his Readinefs to ferve that Houfe in all 
Arrival uiLon- Things that laid in his Power. Upon which the 
Queftion was put, Whether the Houfe fliould 
appoint their Speaker, with a Committee of the 
whole Houfe, to go and complement Sir Thomas 
Fairfax on his Arrival ? it was carried in the Affir- 
mative j the following Lords, by Name, only pro- 
tefting againft this Vote; the Earls of Middlefex y 
Suffolk and Lincoln ; and the Lords Hunfdon, 
Willoughby^ and Maynard. The next Morning, 
at Eleven o'Clock, was appointed for the Speaker 
to goto Sir Thomas^ with the whole Houfe, to con- 
gratulate his coming to Town, and make an Ac- 
knowledgment of his good Services done to the 
Parliament and Kingdom. 

The fame Day the Commons alfo came to a 
Refolution, That their Speaker, with the whole 
Houfe, fhould, the next Morning, make a Vifit 
to Sir Thomas Fairfax^ their General ; and return 
.him the Thanks of the Commons of Englandy as 


(*} Col. Mont was taten Prifbner in the Fight at ffaetviicb, in 
C&fkire, in 1643^ being then in the King's Service. 

fVbitlocke, p. 77. 

of E N G L A N D. 167 

an Acknowledgment of the great Bleffings of Al- An. 22 Car. I. 

mighty G.vJ u;x>n his faithful Services, wife Con- v * * ' , 

duel: and ^r.-ac Valour, in the whole Difcharge of November, 
the great Trull committed unto him, and redu- 
cing the diffracted AtFairs of this Kingdom to the 
prefent happy Condition and IfTue. Accordingly 
both Houfes went to vifit him ; when, as a Jour- 
nalift of thefe Times informs us (r), the Earl of^ Speaker of the Houfe of Peers, in the 
Name of that Houfe, addrefs'd the (general to 
this Effect ; * He gave his Excellency Thanks for 
all his Care and Pains in the Defence of the Pub- 
lic, expreffing their great Acknowledgment of his 
memorable Services, and faithful Performance of 
the Truft repofed in him \ which their Lordfhips 
fhould always have in Remembrance, and be 
ready upon all Qccafions to exprefs their Gra- 
titude.' But 

Mr. Rujkworth tells us that William LenthaU^ 
Efq; Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, mada 
the following Speech to Sir Tboma/ Fairfax. 

S I R, 
4 T Have a very hard Talk to perform ; to prefent 

1 the Refpe&s of the Houfe of Commons ac- 
cording to your Excellency's Merit, and their De- 
fires. To effect this accordingly, I fhould have 
informed myfelf from Hiftories that have preferved 
the Memories of the famous Worthies pf former 
Ages, and fhould have taken the Dimenfions of 
the largeft Coronets and Trophies wherewith they 
are made glorious ; and even thofe would rather, 
(heighten than enlarge the Temples of your Ex- 
cellency : Or elfe I fhould have confulted fome of 
the moft learned and eloquent Orators, who have 
fet forth the glorious Gefts performed in former 
Times, whereby I might have infifted on fome 
Parallel for your Wifdom, Piety, Juftice, and 
Valour ; but I conceived the Virtues and Succefs 
which God had beftowed upon you, were very 
L 4 hardly 

W 4t*rftB DiurtMloffomt Paffan in ParEaxtsat, No. 173. 

1 6 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ^^ Car. I. hardly to be match'd, and rather needed more In- 
t 6 '_j duftry and Memory to enumerate, than Oratory 

November. to poliOl. 

Heretofore when I read the Hiftories of the 
Acts of famous Princes and Warriors, in this or 
o her Nations, it was not without fome Jcaloufy 
that in them there was fome Mixture anu Glofles 
of Oratory and Art, the more to fet off and give 
Luftre to their A<5b, as Arguments of Emulation 
for others to follow theFootflcps of their Virtues; 
but the A&ions of your Excellency will add Luftre 
and Belief to them, being all verified in you. And 
indeed here, coniidering the fwift Marches, and 
the Expedition of thofe grand and difficult At- 
tempts, which were profecuted and efR&ed by 
your Excellency, I mny fay, The Almighty came 
riding on the Wings of the Wir.d\ for thefe were no- 
thing elfe but the Magnalia Dei, acted in and by 
you his Inftrument, 

' tt was the Cuftom of the antient Romans^ af- 
ter a glorious and fuccefsful Prince, to derive his 
Name to Pofterity in Memory of his Virtues; as 
after that great Prince Julius Cafar, his Succef- 
fois retained the Name of Cafars, as Auguflus 
Co-far, Tfierius Cafar^ &c. Thus hereafter all 
famous and victorious fucceding Generals in this 
Kingdom, (if the Times (hall prove fo unfortu- 
nate) will defire the Addition of the Name of 

4 And furely the Honour of the late Lord-Gene- 
ral was not, \vhilft he lived, any Way etlipfcd 
by the Succeilion of your Excellency in his Com- 
mand; but rather augmented, whilft each reta.ncd 
ths Brightnefs of his own Honour, having both 
Rays enough to enlighten a Kingdom, th<_n ovcr- 
fet with Clouds and thick D:.rknets. 

* J {hall need to fay no more but this, That the 
World will admire your Excellency's Worth; Po- 
fterity will honour your Name; and that the whole 
Houfe of Commons, in the Name of -the Com- 
mons of England^ do return you Thanks for your 
iii.d memorable Services: The Begin- 

of E N G L A N D. 169 

nlng, Continuance, and ErTea, whereof I muft An., a c^ I. 
folely attribute to the Almighty, the Lord of Hofts , ' 4 ' , 
and Victories.' Nccnb. 

To this extraordinary Harangue (which fo mo- 
dcft a Man, as Sir Thomas Fairfax is univerfally al- 
lowed to have been, muft blulh to hear) the Gene- 
ral made a fhort Anfwer, exprefEng how much he 
efteemed himfclf honoured by the great Refpedsof 
the Houfes towards him, for which he defired his 
humble Thanks might be returned ; and that he 
accounted it his greateft Happinefs, under God, to 
be in the lead Kind inltrumental for theirs and 
the Kingdom's Good. 

Towards the Clofe of this Month a Meflage 
was brought from the Houfe of Commons, with 
an Order to deliver to the Lords a Letter, with 
fome Examinations, which did concern two Peers 
of their Kcufc, and that ihey had Directions only 
to deliver them. 

Hereupon the Letter and Examinations were read, ^he Earls of 
the Purport of which was a Charge againft the NorJhumberian4 
Earls of Northumberland and Pembroke, that they *?* 
fhould fend Money to the King at Oxford^ as had f en a,ng 40007. 
likewife ibme Members of the Houle of Com- to the King at 
mons. Their L -rdfhips being prefent declared Oxford ' 
their Innocency in t.iis Bufmefs, and defired the 
Houfes would pleafe to put it in:o a Way of Exa- 
mination. After Debate this Quiftion was put, 
Whether, at the DtTire of the Earl of Northnm- 
luYland and the Earl of Pembroke, there {hall be a 
Commitcee appeinced ; and that the Houfe of 
Commons be acquainted that the Lords defire 
^ them to appoint a Committee of their own Houfe, 
who may be prefent, if they think fit, to examine 
this Bufinefi? It was refolvcd in the Affirmative, 
and an Order made for attaching the Body of Ri- 
chard Lloyd of the Inner Ttmpk^ E;q ; and bring- 
ing him before the Lords, to anlwcr the Scandils 
raifed by him againft the Earls of North umber Ic, :/ 
and Pembroke. 

j 70 e The Parliamentary HISTORY 

n. ax Car. j- Then the following Examination of the faid 

1646. Richard Lloyd, taken by the Standing Committee 

Tt "~ of Parliament in Truro, Nov. 16, 1646, was read : 

That this Examinant confefled, That on 

* Sunday laft, being at Dinner at the Sign of the 

* Bull in Truro, together with Mr. Coiues and Mr. 
~* Trerife, he, amongft other Things, told them of 

* certain Monies fent from two Lords of Parlia- 

* ment to the King at Oxford, during the late 

* Wars in this Kingdom. 

* And this Examinant now faith, That he being 
' at Oxford about four Years laft paft, was a Gen- 
' tleman of the Privy Chamber extraordinary to 

* the King, and rode in his Troop ; and about that 

* Time there were two Gentlemen that came from 
' London, the one calFd Mr. Compton, who was 
a Page to the Earl of Pembroke, and was then 

* one of the King's Servants v and that they told 

* this Examinant they had brought from London 
t 4000 /. in Gold" quilted about them, from the 

* Earl of Northumberland and the Eurl of Pem- 

* broke, from each 2000 L which they had fent to 
' the King ; and that the faid Ccwpton lay in the 

* fame Houfe in Oxford where this Examinant 
' lay ; and that they were fo fore with carrying 

* the faid Money, that they toW this Examinant 
they kept their Beds three or four Da);s : That 
* Sir George Crynes of Petkbam in Surry^ being 

* then at Oxford, told this Examinant that hs had 

* brought IOO /. to the King, which Sir Poynings 
' Moore, a Member of the Houfe of Commons, 

* had fent to the King, from London ; and that Sir 
' Thomas Longtteville, near Stony- Stratford, told 
' this Examinant above two Years paft, that he 
' had 4 or 500 /. fent by fome Parliament-Men, 
' Friends of his, to the King : And this Exami- 
' nant knoweth that there was, of the faid Monies, 

* 140 or 1507. paid by Order from Sir Edward 
1 Hyde, the Chancellor, for Sir Tito-mas Lunsfortff 

' And he further confefleth to have faid, That the 

* Reafons why the faid Perfons fent the Moirey 


of E N G L A N D. 171 

4 aforefaid was, becaufe the Parliament was weak, An. Car. I. 
* and they knew not how Things would fall out.' t ' 4 ^ 

Next were read the Examinations ot Mr. Tre- November. 
rife and Mr. Cow ft in Confirmation of the fore- 
going, and almoft in the very fame Words, which 
we therefore omit. 

Nov. 26. No farther Notice of thefe Exami- 
nations being as yet taken by the Lords, we (hall 
here exhibit a Copy of another Letter from Colo- 
nel Mitton, in IVale^ directed to the Speaker of 
the Houfe of Lords, concerning the farther Con- 
dud of the Archbifhop of York, in that Country. 

Right Honour able i 

* T TNderftandinz that mv Lord of Tork hath 

I ". r , . ' TT Col. Mitton < 

' \*J been formerly known unto your Honour, further Account 

* and that you have been fome happy Means to of the Service* 

reduce him unto the Service of the Parliament ; J^jS^JI 
whereby I found him very fteady to thofe En- btfliop Williams. 

* gagements which I had received from him, and 
' wherewith he hath, from the firft Hour until! 

* now, moft punctually complied ; I do prefume 
' to affiire your Lordftiip by thefe few Lines, upon 
this Occafion of taking in of the Caftle of Con- 
1 way, that I have found from this worthy Per- 

* fonage that real and continued Affiftance in the 

* Service of the Parliament, for thefe fix or feven 

* Months, that I cannot fay that I found the like 
' from any other. He had garrifoned his Houfe 

* for the Parliament before my entering upon this 
' Country ; was the firft who openly owned and 
' received me and my Forces ; aflifted me with 

' ' Men at the Siege of Carnarvon j blocked up, 

* with fome A&ftance I fent him, the Town of 

* Conway^ and laved the Country round about from 
' Plundering; drew me, by his Advice, to (lorm 
' that high walled Town; and never did take ofF 

* his Hands from this Bufmefs till this Day that 

* the Caftle was furrendered ; which being a Truth 

* fo generally known in all thefe Parts, I held my- 

* fclf bound in Honetty to impart unto your Lord- 


172 Th? Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a* Car. I. * (hip, and by your Lordihip, if your Honour 
l5 * 6 - J pleafe, unto that moft Honourable Houfe j and 
' November. * * num ^ly taking my Leave, I rtft 

Comvay, Fw. i o , Your Honour' s bumble Servant , 


For thefe great Services the Parliament, fome 

Whereupon they Time after (d), thought fit to free and difcharge this 

Ed Pwdon. 8C " Prclate fr m a11 Manner of Sequeftrations of his 

Eftate, real and perfonal, and to pafs a general 

Pardon to him for all his pail Offences. 

A Committee of the Commons had been bufy 
for fome Time, in framing an Anfwer to the 
Scots Commiflioners Papers, concerning the difpo- 
/ fmg of the King's Perfon; and en the 28th of this 

Month, it was read in that Houfe. After which 
the Queftion being put, Whether the Lords Con- 
currence fhould be defired to this Anfwer? it paf- 
fed in the Negative, on a Divifionof uoagainft 90. 
Next it was refolved, That a Copy of this An^ 
fwer to the Scots Commiflioners Papers {hall be 
fent to them, as the Anfwer of the Houfe of Com- 
mons. This was afterwards ordered to be printed 
and publifhed, and we give it at large from the 
original Edition (e). 

The ANSWER of the COMMONS ajfimbled In Par- 
tiament) to the SCOTS Co MISSIONERS Papers 
of the 20/, and their Letter of the 2^th of Oc- 
tober la/?. 

The Commons ' ~T~ HAT there might be a firm and lafting 
Anfwer to the ' JL brotherly Union between the two King- 
Scots commit, t J omSj i s the carneft Dtfire of our Hearts; and 
dicing "anoint ' tnat our Proceedings may be according to our 
Right in difpo- c Covenant and the Treaties between us ; and 
fingoftheK.imj'1 c tnat our Endeavours have been accordingly our 

* own 

(i) On the (V cond of A*ri1, 164-. 

(e) Printed for Edward Hsfoend, Pr nter to thf HononraHe Houfe 
of Commons, and are to be fold at 1m Shop in f'l.-tprett, at the 
Sign of the Colden Dr. gon, near the inn r 1 emple, Dec. 4, 1646. 

of E N G L A N D. 173 

* own Confciences, our Brethren of Scotland, and ** ** . r 

* all that know ouc Ways, can bear us Witnefs. ^' > 
* That we may ftill walk in the fame Path, pre- November. 

' vent all Mifapprehenfions, a^id bring a right 

* Underftanding imonffft us, the Commons aflem- 

* bled in the Parliament of England do return this 

* enfuing Anfwer to your Lordlhips two Papers of 
' the twentieth, and to your Letter of the Twenty- 
*" fourth of October lait ; wherein our End being 

* to give Satisfaction to the Arguments in ybur 
4 Papers, we (hall therefore anfwer the feveral Par- 

* ticulars in the Method we find them ; only, to 

* make our whole Intentions the moreeafily known 
' (the Method you have taken in your Papers not 
' allowing us a clear Connection of the Matters 

* therein contained, and inforcing us to repeat the 

* fame Thing oftener than we deiire) we {hall firft 
' premife and lay down thefe following Confidera- 

* tions : 

' Fir ft, That your Papers being grounded upon 

* the Refolutions of both Houfes, and on the Con- 
4 ference thereupon had, we (hall fet down the 
' true State of the Fact concerning them, which 

* xvas thus : 

Upon the 24th of September, 1646, the Houfes 
pafTed thefe RefoJutir.ns, viz. 

1. * That the Per fan of the King Jhall be difpofed 
' of as both the Houfes of the Parliament of England 
think fit. 

2. * That the Houfes do declare. That whatfoever 

* Conference* Confutation, or Debate Jhall be with 

* the Commijjiiners of Scotland concerning the Dif- 

* frfal of the Per Jon cf the King, it Jhall not be 

* under/hod to be any Capitulation in relation to the 

* retarding of the March of the Scots Armies and 

* Forces out of this Kingdom, or of any Treaty be- 

* tween the Kingdoms concerning the fame. 

4 And, upon the fame 24tn Day of September, 

* the following, A Committee is appointed to meet 

* with a popirtiwable Number of the Lords in the 
' Painted Chamber, to confer, confult, and debate 

* with the Commijjioners c/' Scotland concerning the 

* Dijpojal 

1 74 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

n " 2 6 6*"' I * D 'fPf al f tbe PeK f on f the Kin 8* *f 

. ' * ' j ' tfgfrfl/ ty the Scots Commijponers ; W 

November. ' communicated to the Scots Commijjioners by the 

' Members of both Htufes of the Committee of both 

* Kingdoms. Thefe Refolutions, ordered to be 

* communicated to the Commiflioners of Scotland, 
' were accordingly delivered to them by the Mem- 

* bers of both Houfes, that are of the Committee 
c of both Kingdoms, the 25th of the fame Month; 

' Upon the agth Day of September your Lord- 

* {hips, by your Paper 4 fign'd John Chiejley, by 

* Command of the Commiflioners for the Parlia- 

* ment of Scotland] defired a Conference in thefe 
' Words, Wt have per ufed the Votes of both Houfes , 

* communicattd to us by your Lordjhips ; and as we 

* did formerly dcftre in our Paper of the nth of 

* Auguft lajl) Jo ive Jhall be ready on Thurfday 
' next to confer, debate, and confult with fuch a$ 

* the Honourable Houfes have thought ft to appoint ; 
' and if their Committee cannot with Conveniency 
e meet at that Time, wt defire it may be fo foon m 

* pojfibly they can. 

* Which was thus granted, viz. Oclober I, or- 

* dered, That the Committee formerly appointed to 

* meet with the CommiJJioners of Scotland, do meet 

* this Afternoon at Three of the Clock, with the faid 
' Ccmmijfioncrs, to confer, debate, and confult with 

* thfmy concerning the Difpofal of the Perfon of the 

* King^ according to the former Fates and Dedara- 
' tions of both Houfes. 

4 Upon the firft Day ofOclober, before the Con- 

* ference did begin, all thefe Papers were read, and 

* your Lordfhips were told by our Committees, 
1 If you were pleafed to fay any thing herein^ they 
' were ready to confer with you according to thefe 

* Refolutions, fo as this Conference was by your 

* Confent to be with thefe two Limitations, viz. 

1. That it (h-mld be about the Difpofing of 
' the King's Perfon as both Houfes of the Parlia- 

* ment of England (hall think fit. 

2. That it (hall not be underftood to be any 

* Capitulation, in relation to the retai dine; of the 

* March 

^ENGLAND. 175 

* March of the Scots Armies and Forces out of the An< JJU . r 

4 Kingdom, or of any Treaty between the King- s_ / 

4 doms concerning the fame. November. 

4 And all Things in your Speeches and Papers 
4 concerning Change of Fundamental or Monarchi- 
4 cal Government, or Uniformity in Church-Go- 
4 vernment, Toleration of all Sets and Sorts of 
4 Religions, concerning the King's voluntary Dif- 

* pofing of himfelf, (it being granted by you, that 

* his Perfon is to be difpofed of by your joint Con- 
4 fent) or concerning the Manner of difpofing of 

* him, and all other Things of like Nature, faving 

* only about the Right of this Kingdom to difpofe 
4 of the Perfon of the King in England, without 
4 the joint Advice and Confent of the Kingdom of 
' Scotland^ being foreign to the Matter of thefe 

* Refolutions, were improper at this Conference ; 

* for our Committee having their Limits could not 
4 expe& to hear any fuch, or were to intermeddle 
4 to give an Anfwer to them. 

Secondly, * That the Matter of the Conference 

* being ftated by the Houfes, and your Lordfhips 
4 often put in mind, in anfwer to your Claim for 
4 the Kingdom of Scotland's Right of joint Intereft 

* in difpofing the Perfon of the King, that the fole 
4 Matter thereof was concerning the two Houfes 
4 of Parliament of England having the Right to 

* difpofe of the Perfon of the King in the King- 

* dom of England, without the joint Advice and 
4 Confent of the Kingdom of Scot/and) your Lord- 
4 mips did make your Objections, to which our 
4 Committees anfwered ; your Lordfhips replied, 
4 and our Commitees anfwered thofe Replies j yet, 

* in your Paper, you ftate the Queftion as if to be 
4 debated on your Refolutions, and place our Com- 
4 mittee to make Objections ; and your Lordfhips 
4 make the Anfwer of our Committees to your firft 
4 Objections, and their Anfwer to your Replies, 
4 as one intire Objection. Your Lordfhips well 
4 know an Anfwer to a Reply may be full as to 

* the Reply, yet not applicable to every Part of the 
. firft Objection. 


176 fbe Parliamentary Hi s T o R v 

An - \ 2 6 f r - T - Thirdly, That your Lord (hips engaged our 
t. .. * ' __, ' Committees, at the Conference, to make no Re- 
November. ' port of any Thin* that had palled at the fame, 

* till you had delivered your own Anfwer in Wri- 
' ting; and before any Report made by our Com- 
' mittee, or any Paper put into the Hrn:fes by you, 
' lome of your Lordfhips did give Directions for 

* the printing three thoufand Copies of the Lord- 

* Chancellor's Speeches at that Conference; which, 
c by the Printer's Confefiion, had been publifhed 
' on Thurfday the i^th of Ofioler laft, had they 

* not been fent for by an Order of the Houfe of 

* Commons, Wtdnefday the 14; h of the fame 
' Month ; after which Time, and not before, they 
' received Order from you not to publifh them till 

* further Directions ; which Speeches are fince 
' publifhed, and faid to b'j printed at Edinburgh. 

* That you printed thofe Papers, which you af- 

* terward gave in to the Houfes as your A.-ifwer to 

* thofe Votes, (which were the Subject of the Con- 
' ference) fooncr than it was poflible for the Houfes 

* to give an Anfwer to Papers of that Length, as 

* if the Prepoflcffing of the People were nv>re con- 
' fidered by you than the Satisfaction of the Houfes : 
' And if your Lordlhips had thought fit to have (laid 

* for our Anfwer, we conceive you would not have 
' publifhed thofe Papers ; which is an Action con- 

* trary to the Practice of all p'jb'ic Mi'tifters, who 
' ought not to publifh to the People the Tranfac- 

* tions between them and that State to which they 
' are employed ; which we are enforced to repre- 

* lent to your Lordfhips, and to publifh this An- 

* fwer, it having been fo often done by your Di- 

* regions in this Kingdom, and in th's prefent 
Buiinefs done after fuch a Manner ; neither we, 

* nor anv employed by us, having ever done any 

* luch Thing in the Kingdom of Scotland. 

Fourthly. ' That the Int?rcft of Scatlfwd in the 
' King, and the Exercifc thereof in :he Kingdom 
1 of England, being of fevcral and diftinct Natures, 
' are not to be confounded as one and the 
' Thin^i for if you grunt ihat you have no Ri^ht 

4 of 

cf ENGLAND. 177 

* of Exercife of Intercft in difpofingthe Pcrfon of An. it cr. i 

* the King, he being in England, we (hall not v _ M 

* difpute your having Intereft in him. November. 
Fifthly., That the Queftiori then was, Who 

* (hall difpofe of the Perfon of the King in Eng- 
' land, and not after what IVtanner his Perfon 
' fhall be difpofed : And it is to be confidered in 
what Condi ion the King now is, that he hath 
' deferted his Parliament and People, entered into 
' and continued in a bloody and dangerous War 

* agairift them, hath not granted thofe Propofitions 

* that^ by both Kingdoms, were fent unto him, as 

* the Means of a fafe and well-grounded Peace ; 

* and therefore is not, for the prefent, in a Condi- 

* tion to exercife the Duties of his Place, or be left 

* to go or refide where and when he pleafeth : And 
< your Lordihips did, at the Conference, declare, 

* That it was prejudicial to both Kingdoms for the 
' King to go into Scotland. 

Sixthly, ' That your Lordfhips cannot in Rea- 
' fon infift, becaufe in our difpoiing the Perfon of 

* the King we may hereby prejudice the Kingdom 

* of Scotland, (the which was never yet done by us) 
4 on fuch a Poiiibility to claim a joint Right in 
t difpofingthe Perfon of the King in this King- 

* dom; which, from the firfl: coming hither of King 
4 James, now forty-four Years, was never before 

4 claimed, when as the two Kingdoms had not t " 

* then that Security from each other, aiainft all, 

* imaginary Prejudices which might happen thro* 

* the Abufes of their particular Rights, as now 
' they have j beirtg engaged by Covenant, in theif 

* fcveral Vocations, mutually to preferve the Rights 

* and Privileges of the Parliaments, the Liberties 

* of the Kingdoms, and the King's Perfon and 

* Authority, in the Prefervntion and Defence of 
' the true Religion and Liberties of the King- 
4 doms, as by the third Article of the Covenant 

* cloth clearly appear. 

* What would your Lordfhips think if w&fhould 
' claim joint Right or Intereft in your Towns, 
' your forces, or Money in Scotlan^ upon that 

VOL. XV. M' * Sup- 

178 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ^^ cr. I. Suppofition, That poflibly you may ufe them to 
. ' * ' , ' the Prejudice of this Kingdom: Let not the Re- 
November. ' fults of your Arguments for Union or for the 
' King be, That the Kingdom of Scotland may 
' exercife theirlntereft in the Kingdom of England; 
' nor let your Expreflions obliquely infer, That 

* the Parliament of England will not do what be- 

* cometh them to the King, fince all the World 

* doth know that this Kingdom hath, in all Times, 
' (hewed as great Affection to their Kings as any 

* other Nation. 

Seventhly, * Becaufe your Lordfhips moft infift 
' upon the Covenant and Treaty in this Cafe, and 
' alfo throughout all your Anfwers to thofe you 

* call Obje&ions, we (hall, out of many, infert 
' fome of the Expreflions in your Papers concerning 

* the Covenant and Treaty, 

Page 121 and 122 of your Papers (). Andun- 
c lefs we lay afede the Covenant , Treaties, Declaration* 

* of both Kingdoms , and three Tears Conjunction in 

* this War, neither the one Kingdom nor the other 

* muji now look back upon what they might have 
' done, ftngly, before fuch a fritt Union ; but look 

* forwards what is fittejl to be dene by both, jointly 
' far the common Good of both, and for the Ends of 

* the Covenant^ which both are obliged, jointly, is 

* profecitte and promote. 

' And as Reafons may be drawn from the Nature 
c of all Ajjociations, fo efpecially from the Nature of 

* ours in the Solemn League and Covenant ; the Title, 
' Narrative, Articles, and Conclufion of it do along 
' link together the Interejl of the Kingdoms in this 

. * common Caufe, fo much concerning the Glory cf 

' Gody their own Safety, Union, and Peace, arid 

' the Honour and Happinefs of the King and his 

1 PoJIerity; which Ends of the Covenant both Par- 

c Moments, as well as other Stibjefis of both King- 

: l doniSy have obliged . thcmf elves jointly and mutually 

4 to promote. 


(fr) In the Original the Reference? arc hmde to the Par-? in fhr 
Scoii own Edition 01" the:r Paper* : But tl.e above rcitr . ti.c PJJ, 
where they are to te found in tins Volume. 

#* ENGLAND. w 

Page 122. ' So that the Ends of the Covenant, up- An. Car. I. 

* on which the Difp'ofal of the King mujl needs have ^ ^4<>- 

' a Jlrong Influence, are not to be peofecuted by the v 

* two Kingdoms, as by two diftintt Bodies a cling 

* fi n &ty ' but they were united by Jb.'emn Covenant 
made to Almighty God, and by League each to other 

* as one entire Body to profecute this Caufe. 

Page 125. * Wherefore we cannot chufe but obteft, 

* by the Conjunction and Parity of Interejls, by the 
' Treaty between the Kingdoms, by the Solemn League 

* and Covenant, that there may be a Conjunction of 
1 the Councils and Resolutions of both Kingdoms, in 

* difpoftnzof that Royal Perjqn who is King of both. 
Page 128. ' That the Profecution of this War 

' Jhould be with the joint Advice and Confent of both 
' Kingdoms, and according fb thefe Grounds, a Co- 
.' venant was agreed upon for the Reformation of 
* Religion, and . Prefervdtion of the Liberties of the 
4 Kingdoms, and of fhe King's Perfon and Authority. 
Page 123. * From the Treaty the fame Thing doth 
1 further appear, it being thereby manifeji, that our 

* Army was to be levied fffr the common Good of both 

* Kingdoms, in purfifatfce iff the Ends exprejjed in 
' the Covenant. 

Again, Page 123. ' So that if the Difpofal of the 
c Kings Perfon, mentioned in the Vote of both 

* Houfes, be intended for the Good, Peace, and Se- 

* curity of both Kingdoms $ then it Jhould not be done 

* without the mutual Advice and Confent of both. 
' Thus far out of your Papers, 

* Having thus laid down that you claim that no- 

* thing contained in the Matter of the Covenant, 
' or to be done in purfuance of the Ends thereof, 

* or that hath a ftrong Influence thereupon, can 
c be done by the Kingdom of England, in England, 

* without the joint Advice and Confent of the 

* Kingdom of Scotland; we fhall, in the next Place, 
4 lay down the moft material Things contained in 

* the Covenant ; which are, the Reformation of 

* Religion in England and Ireland \ the Extirpa- 
' tion of Popery, Prelacy, Su^erftition, Herefy* 

Ivi a ' * Schifm 

1 80 *fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 car. I. Schifm, and Profanenefs ; the Prefervation of the 

1646. < Rights and Privileges of the Parliaments, and Li- 

~"~ J * berties of the Kingdoms ; and to preferve and de- 

)ber ' fend the King's Majefty's Perfoh and Authority 

' in the Prefervation and Defence of the true Re- 

* ligion and Liberties of the Kingdoms. 

Whence it neceflarily follows, that the Mili- 

* tia, by Sea and Land, in the Kingdoms of Eng* 
' land and Ireland ; the Power of making Peace 
' and XVar with foreign States ; the King's Con- 

* fent in the enacting any Law ; the Power of the 
' Houfes of the Parliaments of England and Ire- 

* land, in Cafes of Judicature upon Delinquents 

* and Monopolies, Impofitions and other Grie- 
' vances upon the People of this Kingdom; the 

* conferring the great Places of Honour and Truft, 
' making of Peers of Parliament, confering other 

* Titles of Honour; what Revenue the King 

* is to have in England and Ire/and, and how to be 
' difpofed; and whatfoeveralfo is to bedoneby the 

* King and Kingdom) or by either of them, in 
k relation each to other, cannot at any Time be 

* acted without the joint Advice and Confcnt of the 
' Kingdom of Scotland: For the Covenant expref- 

* feth in the third Article, To preferve and defend 
k the Kings Majejlys Perfon and Authority, in the 

* Prefervation and Defence of the true Religion and 
' Liberties of tb& Kingdoms, and for the Reforma- 

* tion of Religion in England and Ireland ; the Ex- 
4 tirp'ation of Popery^ Prelacy, Super ftition, He- 
' rejy, Schifm, and Profanenefs ; the Prefervation 
4 of tkt Rights and Privileges of Parliaments, and 

* Liberties of the Kingdoms* It alfo followeth, 

* that the Kingdoms of England and Ireland^ as 
k well in Things that have no Relation to the King 

* as in thofe which have, can excrcife no Powers 
' or Jurifdiclions without the Advice or Confent of 
c the Kingdom of Scotland ; the Matters of Rcli- 

* gion, Privileges of Parliaments, and Liberties of 

* the Kingdoms, comprehending whatfocvcr is to 

* be acted in the Government of the Kingdoms of 
' England and Ireland. On this Foundation laid 


' in your Papers, the Kingdom of Scotland may, An 

* when they fee Time, claim a Right of joint In- 

* tereft wirh the Kingdom of England in all the N 
* Things before-mentioned, and except agajnft, 

* and queftion the Validity of the Ordinances for 
4 taking away of the Court of Wards ; fettling th,e 
4 Militia of the Kingdoms of England and Ireland; 

* for Sale of BUhops Lands, and all other Procee.d- 
' ings in Parliament fmce the Covenant and Trea-- 
* ty, whereto the Confent of the Kingdom of Scst~ 

* land hath no;: been had. 

* And your Lordfhips, by obtefling in thefe 

* Words^ That there may l>e a Conjunction of the 

* Councils and Refolutions of both Kingdoms, in dif- 
' poftng of that Royal Perfon who is King of both ; 

* and that all lawful and pojjible Means, of which 

* this is one, and a chief one, may be ufed, which may 
' prefer ve his Majefiys P erf on, Honour ', and Huppi- 

* nefs. And from your Propofition, Thai the King 

* may come hithfr in Safety^ Freedom, and Honour^ 

* you do now claim from the Covenant and Treaty 

* a negative Voice, and Right of joint Confent with 
' this Kingdom in all Things in relation between the 

* King and the Kingdoms of England and Ireland-, 

* which are all comprehended under the Words of 

* Safety, Freedom^ Honour, and Happinefs. 

* We (hall no\v appeal to the Confciences of our 

* Brethren of Scotland, and of all thofe who have 
4 taken or read this Covenant or Treaty, if any 
4 fuch Conftruclion can be made out of them, or 

* any of them j or whether it would have ever en- 

* tered into the Thoughts of the free People of this 
4 Kingdom to have made fuch a Covenant or 
4 Treaty, which might any way bear fuch an In- 

* terpretation fo deftruclive to their Freedoms, as to 

* introduce another Nation to be one of the Eftates 

* of this Kingdom; and to have a negative Voice in 

* all things concerning their Welfare; whereby we 

* (hould at once give up what we have for fo many 

* Ages derived from our Anceftors, and what we 

* have endeavoured to prefcrve with fo reat an 
4 Expence of Blood and Trcafure ; and fo much 

* the 

1 82 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ^^ Or. I. t t ^ e ra ther, in refpecl this prefer. t Parliament hath 

v l6 * ' , * not, nor doth claim any thing of this Nature 

November. ' w 'th in .the Kingdom of Scotland; nor putanyfuch 

1 Conftru&ion upon the Covenant or Treaties, in 

4 relation to the Kingdom of Scotland. And how 

' far this is, not only from the Intent, but from the 

* very Words, of the Covenant (o) y we (hall prefently 

< make more fully appear. 

'We, by the Covenant, inthefirft Article which 
' concerns Religion, are to endeavour in our feve- 
' ral Places and Callings. 

* In the fecond, which concerns the Extirpation 
c of Popery, Prelacy, Superftition, Herefy, Schifm," 
' and Profanenefs, to endeavour in like Manner. 

' In the third, which concerns the Rights and 
' Privileges of Parliaments, the Liberties of the 
' Kingdoms, and the Prefervatiqn and Defence of 

* the King's Perfon and Authority, in the Prefer- 

* vation and Defence of the true Religion and Li- 

* bertiesof the Kingdoms, to endeavour in. our fe- 

* veral Vocations. 

' The fourth, which concerns Incendiaries, they 

* are to be brought to public Trial, and receive 
' condign Punimment from the fupreme Judicato- 
' ries of both Kingdoms refpectively. 

* In the fifth, concerning the continuing of the 
4 Peace and Union of the Kingdoms of England 
' and Scotland, we (hall each one of us endeavour, 
' according to our Plages and Intereft. 

' In the fixth and laft, concerning the Afliftance 

* and Defence of all thofe that enter into this Co- 
' venant, to endeavour, according to our Places 

* and Callings, to perform whatfoever we are 
' obliged to by the Covenant. 

' tt feems ftrange to us, that England and Scot- 
' land being feveral diftinct Kingdoms; and, by 

* the Covenant, eachonebcing to actin his feveral 
' Place, Vocation, Calling and Intereft, that the 

* Kingdom of Scotland ^(hould, from this Covenant, 

* intitle thsmfclvcs to the Right of exercifing ai>y 

' joint 
fa] Prr.ted at h-ge in our Twelfth Volume, p. 396. 

cf ENGLAND. 183 

joint Power in the Kingdom of England-, the ex- An. M Car. ' 
prefs Words of the Covenant being directly con- l6 4* 
trary to the Exercife of any joint rower, which 
was feveral and diftincr. before the making this 
Covenant; and the joint Exercife of fuch Power 
would break the Covenant, becaufe we are there- 
by obliged, in our feveral Vocations, mutually tq 
preferve the Rights and Privileges of the Parlia- 
ments, and the Liberties of the Kingdoms; and 
the Exercife of fuch a joint Power, which doth 
give a negative Voice to another Nation, in the 
Proceedings iftj the Kingdoms of England and 
Ireland, would be a manifeft Breach of thofe 
Privileges and Liberties. And whereas, through- 
out your whole Papers, this joint Intereft is fo 
much enforced from the Covenant, neither that 
Word jointly, nor any other Expreffion which 
will bear that Interpretation, is fo much as men- 
tioned in the Covenant; and the Words, Each 
sue in bis feveral Vocation, Calling, Place, and 
Intereft, v/hich runs throughout the whole Co- 
venant, and would have cleared the Meaning of 
it, are wholly left out by you; and in all your 
Recitals of the Covenant, or Arugments drawn 
from thence, there are no Words~to that Eflfedt. 
4 Your other Arguments drawn from the Treaty, 
That the Scots Army was brought intj this King- 
do?n to purfue the Ends expreffed in the Covenant ; 
whence you enforce, That whatfoever is to be 
done by that Treaty, muft be by the Confent of 
the Kingdom of Scotland, becaufe according to 
the Ends of the Covenant, have been more fully 
anfwered in our (hewing how far fuch }oint Con- 
fent is both from the exprcfs Words and Meaning 
of the Covenant. And whereas you would en- 
force the Meaning of the Covenant to be, Thnt 
nothing can be done in purfuance thereof, but by 
your joint Confent, bec.iufe, from the third Ar- 
ticle in the Treaty, Ts:er Army L to /. directed 
by the joint Advice of both Kingdoms, or ibnr 
Committees ; and from the eighth Article, That nc 
CeJJation or Peace be mait by cit'.\-r Kingdwi, 
M 4 ib~ 

1 84 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. zi Car. ! without Confent of both; And from the ninth Ar- 

l646> t * tide, 77;rf/ all Matters cf Differences between tb* 

November. * Subjefls of the two Nations are to be determined. 
1 by joint Confent of both Kingdoms, or ileir Com- 
* mittees : If no Things, to be done in purfuance 
4 of the Covenant, could be done without your 
4 joint Confent, the particular and cxprefs Provi- 
4 fion, that thefe three Things fhould be done by 
4 joint Confenr, had been altogeth r needlefs. 

4 Your Arguments from the Treaty, againft the 
4 Power of this Kingdom's acling in the Things 
4 mentioned in your Parers, without the Confent 
4 of :he Kingdom of Scotland, are particularly an- 
4 fwered in the Places where you alledge them. 

4 And your Lordfliips may well remember, that 
4 your fnft denying of the Power of the Kingdom 
4 of England to act without your joint Ccnfent, 
4 was not firft feton foot concerning the Difpcfmg 
4 of the Perfon of the King in England; and there- 
4 fo-e, by reafon of fome Papers and Speeches of 
4 youis concerning th? Prop' fitions for Reforma- 
4 tion of Religion, and the Militia of the King- 
4 doms of England and Ireland, and concerning 
4 foine of your Nation having Offices and Places 
4 within thi< Kingdom, both Houfes of Parliament, 
4 for the vidicating of the Right of the Kingdom 
^ of England from ;he ConftrucYion then, and now, 
4 put upon the Covenant and Treaty, did, upon. 
4 the 2Qth ot June 164.6, declare as followeth : 

4 Whereas the Lords and Commons ajfembled in the 
4 Parliament of England, in the Name and on the 
4 Behalf of the Kingdoms 0/~ England and Ireland, 
4 and the (..ommijftsners of the Parliament of Scot- 

* hind, in the Name and on the Behalf of the King- 
4 dom of Scotland, 'have thought fit to [end to the 
4 King the humble Defires and Proportions for a fafe 
' and well- grounded Peace, agreed upon by the Par- 
4 liament of both Kingdoms refpeflivelj ; the Lords 
4 and Csinmsns of the Parliament of England do 
4 declare, c l'hat it is their Intention that any Con- 

* Jbritttion faould be made thereupon, as if either 
4 Kir.gdzm had any Initrcft in the Matter of each 

4 otbtr'j 

of E N G L A N D. 185 

other s Proportions, or in the legijlative Power *" ** *' 
4 of each other concerning any of the Jaid Propofi- ^ J* ' 
4 tuns, but that it remaineth dijlinSl in each King- November. 
4 dom refpeftively : And that notwith/}anding any 
4 joint I'rsittdings, upon the faid Proportions , either 

* Kingdom hath Power of- thcjr.fehcs to continue^ re~ 

* peal or alter any Law that fnall be made upon the 

* faid Proportions, for the Good and Government of- 

* either Kingdom refpeclively : And it is hereby de- 
4 dared, that both Houfes are fully refihcd to tnain- 
4 tain and prefirve inviolably the Solemn League and 
Covenant , and the Treaties betwixt the Kingdoms 

* /"EnglanJ and Scotland. 

* This Declaration being fent to your Lord- 

* {hips, and we receiving no Anfwer, conceived 

* you rafted fatisned therewith. And we defire 
' you further to remember, that whereas, in the 
' Year 1641, divers Things concerning the King- 

* dom of Scot/and were debated in England^ your 

* Lordfliips did then (for the faving the Rights of 

* Scotland, that we might not claim any joint Right 

* in Things concerning that Kingdom) declare, 
' That neither by your Treaty with the Englife, nor 

* by fee king your Peace to be ejlabiified in PaHia- 
4 merit i nor any other Afiicn of your s, you do acknow- 
t ledge any Dependency upon tkcm> or make them 

* J l< dg es to you or your Laws , or any thing that may 

* import the fmailefi Prejudice to your Liberties \ but 
4 that you came in a free and brotherly Way^ by your 

* Informations, to remove all Doubts that might 
1 arife concerning the Proceedings of your Parlia- 
4 went, and to join your Endeavour s in uhat might 

* conduce for the Peace .'.../ Good of both Kingdoms ; 

* no otherwife than if. b) .-^a/lcn of the King's Re- 

* fidencein Scotland, i .. -.-jJionerSy in the like Exi- 
4 gcnce, JJ)ould be fent thr': / from England. 

4 And as we did reft iatisned with thofe Defires 

* of yours; and this prefcnt Parliament never did, 

* nor yet do claim any Exercife of the Powers 

* within the Kingdom ofticttfatd, which you ucfire 
4 within this Kingdom, we cannot but, in Juftice, 
4 expedt the like Equity from that Kingdom. 

4 Eighthly, 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Eighthly, That by your Arguments for a right 
' of joint difpofmg of the Perfon of the King in 
' England, (which muft relate as well to the Per- 
' fo-ns that are to be about him, as the Place where 

* he is to refide) you fcem to claim to have an equal 
' Number, or fuch aNumberasyou (hall think fit, 

* of the Soft Nation to be of the King's Council, 
*- and of his Bed-chamber, and other Officers about 

* his Perfon and his Succeflbrs in the Kingdom of 
4 England, as a Right of the Kingdom of Scotland. 

-Ninthly, * And concerning your D Hires for the 
' fpecdy Payment of 2oo,oco/. mentioned in your 
' Papers of the 24-th of Oftober, the Parliament of 

* England is not engaged to pay you 20C,OOO/. at 
' one Time, but only that the firft ic 0,000 /. there- 
' of be paid unto you upon the marching of your 
' Army and Forces out of this Kingdom, at fuch 
' Time and Place as fhall be hereafter exprefied. 

' That the fecond ico^ooo/. {hall be paid by 

50,000 /. and 50,000 /.the firft 50,000 /.at the 

' End of three Months after the Paymen t of the firft 

' IOO,OOO/. and the fecond 50,000 /. at the End of 

' nine Months after the faid firft Payment ; yet, to 

' manifeft our Willingnefs and Readinefs to com- 

' ply with our Brethren of Scotland, we have, for 

* above fix Weeks laft paft, fpc::t a great Part of 

* our Time to borrow 200,006 /. which ifwecan- 
' not fpeedily obtain, we afTure ourfelves our 

* Brethren of Scotland will reft fatisfied with fo 

* much of the 2 00,000 /. as we are able to pay for 

* the prefent: But we muft carncftly defire, that 
' whilft fome Parts of your Papers prcfs us for the 

* Money, the Body of thofe Papers and your 
Speeches at Conferences may not obftrucV the 

* Loan; the People lend their Money on Belief 

* that there will be no Breach amongft us ; that the 

* Northern Counties, fo confiderable a Part of this 
' Kingdom may not be clcftroved; that the King- 

* dom will be cafed of the Burthen of your Army; 
' and that we might be the better enabled to fend 
4 Relief to Ireland: Now, if the People eolledl 
' out of your Speeches and Papers, that you, who 

of E N O L A N D. 187 

* are the Commiflioners for the Kingdom of Scot- An - ** Car. 
' land, have Doubt of a Breach amongft us, and t \^_ ' j 
' ofafecond War, you do yourfelvcs give Occa- November. 
' fi m of obllru&i.ig the Means of obtaining Money 

* lor which you fo much prefs. 

' And thus having premifed thefe neceflary Con- 
' fiderations, we come to the Particulars in your 
c large Paper. 

We do affirm, That the Kingdom of Scotland 

* hath no Right of joint Exercife of Intereft indif- 

* pofing the Perfon of the King in the Kingdom of 

* England; for England clearly being a free King- 
1 dom, no other Kingdom hath Right of Exercife 

* of Intereft in it, but by Contract; and by how 
' much any Kingdom hath otherwife Right of Ex- 

* ercife of Intereft in it, by fo much it is not free. 

* Your L* rdftiips will grant the Difpofmg of the 

* Perfon of the. King is an Exercife oflntereft, and 

* you did grant at the Conference, iho* it be now 

* left out in your Papers, That the Kingdom of 

* Scotland hiad no Right of Exercife of Intereft in 
' England, but by the Covenant and Treaties j 
' which Covenant and Treaties give no joint Power 

* to the Kingdom of Scotland concerning the Dif- 
4 pofing of the Perfon of the King within the King- 

* dom of England; but doth oblige both Nations to 

* preferve, and not confound, the Rights and Li- 
' berties of each, as by the third Article of the 
' Covenant will plainly appear; and the laft Treaty 

* is for your coming into England to aflift us, that we 
' might enjoy our particular Rights and Liberties. 

* The Words of the third Article of the Cove- 
' nant are, We faill, with the fame Sincerity^ Re- 
' aiity* and Conjiancy* in our fever al Vocations, cn- 

* devour, with our Ejlates and Live;, mutually ta 

* prgfe-'ve the Right! and Privileges of the Parlia- 

* ments, and the Liberties cf the Kingdoms; and to 
< prfforve and defend the 'King's A'lajejlys Perfon 

* and Authority in the Prefervation and Defence of 
' the true Religion and Liberties of the Kingdoms^ 

* that the World may bear Witncfs with our Con- 
fciences of our Loyally -, and that we have no 


188 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 Car- I.t ^%uebts or Intentions to dlminijh bis Majefty'i 
v__^l_, * jul Power and Greatnefs. 
November. ' From whence it is moft evident, that the 

* Rights and Privileges of the Parliaments, and 

* Liberties of the Kingdoms, are, in the firft Place^ 
' to be preferved ; and this every one is to do in his 
1 feveral Vocation, and not to intermeddle within, 
' each other's Precincts, but when and fo far forth 

* as they arc duly called thereunto; nor with each 

* others proper Rights and Intcrcfh, which we are 
* bound topreferve, and to preferve diftincl, elfewe 
' break our Covenant: And we are to preferve the 

* King in his Per fan and Authority relatively, viz. 

* In the Preservation and Defence of the true Rcli- 

* gion and Libertiei oj the Kingdoms* We do not 
' defire to take away your Right of Intcreft in the 

* Perfon of the King ; but we fay you have no Ex- 
' ercifeof that Right, the King being in England : 

* And we are To far from claiming any Right for 

* the Kingdom of England in this Cafe, which, in 
' the like, we would not give to our Brethren of 
' Scotland^ as we do freely and willingly declare, 

* That if the King were duly in Scotland, we 

* (hould not claim any joint Intereft in difpofing of 
' his Pcrfon there. 

* And if your Arguments for ftrict Mutuality 
'- were to the Queftion, you might, with much 
'. moreReafon, have offered, that the Kingfhould 
4 be fix Months with us without your Content, 

* your Army having djfpofed of him fix Months 
" without our Confentj and, after that Time, then 

* to have inferred a joint Confent. Your Lord- 
' (hips will not think but that' both Houfes of the 
' Parliament of England may as well be trufted 
with the Difpofing of the Perfon of the King in 

* England, as the Scots Army may. 

Your Difcourfe, That the Ptrfon of the King 
' is not to be re/trained from his voluntary coming to 

* either Kingdom , ivhen the nectjjliry Ajfmrs of the 

* Kingdoms do require ;V, is not to the QueiHon, 

* and not applicable to the Condition in which the 

* King now is 5 as is fully declared in the fifth Con- 

* fidenition. * Your 

of E N G L A N D. 189 

Your Inftance, That two being a/ociated of An - P r - t 
<Wj, Sto*, or the like (for thofe of Parent, . 1&4 ^ 

* Matter, and Servant have no Relation to the pre- Novembw. 

* fent Debate) one may not difpofe of them without 
4 the Confent of both ; and thence infer, Much lefe 

* may we, being officiated^ difpofe of the Perftn of 

* the King ^uithyut your joint Confent. Thefe are 
'* not to the Cafe in Qiieftion, but do Trouble the 
"' right Underftanding of it ; for we are aflbciated 
'infome common Ends, for the Good of both; 
'* but not afiV-iated in that which is our feveral 

* diftincl and particular Rights, which is the only 
4 Matter before us: And the Difpofing of the 
Perfon of the King in the Kingdom of England,* 

* according to the Cafe in queftion, is the parti- 

* cular Right of the two Houfcs of Parliament^: 

* The Kingdom of Scotland hath no more Right 

* of joint Exercife of Intereft of difpofing the Pcr- 

* fon of the King in the Kingdom of England*, than 

* they have Right of joint Exerqfe of Intereft in 
our Inheritance, Lands, Stocks, or the like, 

* which yourfclves bring as Examples to this Cafe. 

* From our Declaration of the 5th of Auguft, 

* 1645, fent to the Lords the States General of the 

* United Provinces, as recited by you^ 4)iz. They 

* w:re united by jolemn Covenant made to Almighty 

* Gody and by League each to other, as one entire 

* Body to prij'ccute this Caufe, you cannot infer 

* your joint Ri'j;htof difpofing of the Perfon of the 

* King in England-, for that Declaration was in 

* anfwer to an Embafty from the Lords the States 

* General, defu ing to be admitted as Mediators for 

* a Ycnr ; which, by the eighth Article of the 
' Treaty, we v/ere not, to make without the joint 
' Confent of the Kingdom of Scotland', and the 

* Words, arc not That we are made one entire Boiiy 

* in all our Riwis and Liberties ; but to prevejU 

* any fuch Contraction as you put upon them, the 

* Words are, As one entire Etdy to proficute this 

* Caiifj\ fo as the being one entire Body is, as to 

* profecnts the common Caufe ; which they may 

* well Jo in their feveral Vocations and C;l!ir)2; f ;, 

190 Tfte Parliamentary HIST OR V 

b. az Car. I. without confounding the feveral Interefts of the 
t . l6 4 6 ' t ' Kingdoms ; and not to be one entire Body in 
November. ' our particular Rights and Liberties, which is the 

* only thing in queftion. 

' And as to that you call a notable Inftanceinthat 

* Declaration, viz. That, by ih? Covenant, both 

* Houfes of Parliament, and many Thoufands of other 
' his Majejly's Subjects of England and Ireland, Jland 

* bound, as well as we, to hinder the fetting up of the 

* Church-Government by Bijhops in the Kingdom of 
' Scotland ; and that we, as well as they Jland bound 

* to endeavour the Extirpation thereof in England and 
* Ireland ; we defire it may be obferved, that that 

* Expreffion in the Declaration is according to the 
' Tenor of the Covenant, which obligeth us to aft 

, * in our feveral Vocations, without confounding the 
. * particular Interefts of the Kingdoms ; and no 

* Words in that Declaration infer any other Senfe; 

* and your Inferences from the Covenant are di- 

* reftly againft the Covenant, as doth before appear. 

* The eighthTArticle of the Treaty is, That n<3 

* CeJJation, nor any Pacification or Agreement for 

* Peace whatfoever, Jhall he made by either Kingdom, 

* without the mutual Advice and Confent of both 

* Kingdoms, or their Committees in that Behalf 

* appointed ; why are to have full Power for the 

* fame, in cafe the Houfes of the Parliament of Eng- 
' land, or the Parliament or Convention of EJlates 

* in Scotland y/W/ hot fit. 

* Your Lordfhips Inference from this Article, 

* That bccaufe we cannot make Peace without your 

* joint Confent, we cannot therefore difpofe of the 
' Perfen of the King, ih the Kingdom of England, 
* without your Confent, is thus clearly anfwered : 

* The not making any Cefiat-ion, Pacification, or 

* Agreement for Peace without you, and our dif- 

* pofmg of the Perfon of the King without you do 
' confilt well together ; and it cannot from hence 

* be inferred, that therefore the Place where the 

* King fhall rcfide untill this Peace were made, he 

* being in England, ought not to be at the Ap- 
' pointment oi the Parliament of England. 

4 * We 


c We know your Lordfhips can and will witnefs A ". 

* with us, that, fince our Covenant and Treaty, 

* we have not received any Dignities or Offices 
' from the King ; nor fuffered any foreign Agents 

* to intcrpofe in this Caufe, on any MefTengers to 

* pafs between the King and Queen; or fent any 
Committees to the King without your Confent j 
or done any thing with him that may admit Co- 

* lour of our making Peace without your joint 

* Confent ; But if difpofing the Perfon of the King 

* in England^ without joint Confent, be a making 

* of Peace and a Breach of the Treaty, then it 

* unanfwerably follows, that your Army hath made 

* Peace with the King and broken the Treaty, for 

* they have difpofed of him without our Confcnt, 
' and fmce our Votes to the contrary. 

' If your Lordfhips had been pleafed to have fet 
d s owriin your Paper the ninth Article, you would 

* never have drawn any Argument from thence, 

* for your joint Right in difpofing the Perfon of the 

* King in England; the Words are, That the Pub- 
' lie Faith of the Kingdom of Scotland Jhall be given 
' to their Brethren of England, that neither their 

* Entrance into, nor their Continuance in, the King- 

* dom of England, Jhall be made ufe of to any other 

* Ends than are therein exprejfid in the Covenant, 
x and in the Articles of this Treaty ; and that all 
'* Matters of Difference that Jhall happen to arife 

* between the Subjetts of the two Nations, Jhall be 

* refohed and determined by the mutual Advice and 

* Gonfent of both Kingdoms, or by fuch Committees 

* as for this Purpofe Jhall be by them appointed, 

* with the fame Power as in the precedent Article. 

* Now from the very Words of the eighth and 
' ninth Articles, the Differences to be refolvedand 

* determined are between the Subjc&s of the two 
' Nations ; and, in cafe the two Houfes of the 

* Parliament of England, or the Parliament or Con- 

* vention of Kftates in Scotland do not fit, are to 
' be reiolved and determined by their Committees, 
' who, as your Lordthips conftrue the Article, 

* wou!d have Power finally to refolvt; and dcter- 

4 mine 

192 Vfa Parliatneniary HISTORY 

An. z Car. I. < mine the Rights of both Kingdoms in the greateft 

*** 6 ' J ' Cafes, and even without Inductions, the Cafes 

November. * being fo various as the Parliament could not pof- 

' fibly fo;efee all that might happen, to give Inftruc- 

* tions in them ; and therefore the Article, to avoid 
' any fuch Conftruction, doth purpofcly provide, 

* that the refolving and determining of the Dif- 

* ferences in this Article are only to be the Dif- 
c ferences between Subject and Subject. Wefhall 

* not think that our Brethren, united with us in 

* Covenant and Treaty, coming into the King- 

* dom to our Afliftance, will infift to claim Right 

* of joint Intereft to difpofe of the Perfon of the 
6 King, he being in this Kingdom, and alledge the 

* ninth Article of the Treaty for it ; which, from 

* the Beginning to the Ending, provides againft it: 

* Your Lordfhips may with as much Reafon argue, 

* That when you have Poffeffion of our Towns, 

* or other Rights, if you do differ with us about 

* them, you may; becaufe you differ, claim joint 
k Intereft in them, for that all Differences are to 
' be refolved by the joint Advice and Confent of 
k both, and alledge the ninth Article of the Treaty 

* for it. And now we hope your Lordfhips will 
k reft fatisfied, that we claim nothing againft the 
k Covenant, Treaty, or our Declaration of the 5th 

* of Auguft 1645, fent to the Lords the States Ge- 

* neral of the United Province* ; but in purfuance 
k of them. 

* And as to your Lordfhips Argument, That ysu 
' may expect 'a Conjunction of Councils in difpofing 
' the Perfon of the King, becaufe the Houjes did 

* think fit that in the managing of this War, there 

* foouldbe a Conjunttion of the Councils of both King- 
'* doms, in reference to the Englifh as well as unto the 

* Scots Forces : Your Lordfhips well know the 

* Houfes joining your Lordfhips in their Councils 

* in managing their Engli/h Forces, was the 

* voluntary Act of the two Houfes, and not the 
joint Act of both Kingdoms ; and was determi- 

* nable at the Pleafure of the two Houfes, and prac- 
* tifed accordingly ; and whensoever the Houfes 

4 pi tilled 


* pleafed, they did difpofe their Councils and Forces 
' without your Confent, and therefore a joint In- 

' tcreft of both Kingdoms cannot be argued out of November, 

* it. Do you think, if you had claimed it as a 

* joint Right of Intereft of the Kingdom of Scot- 
' land, that we (hould ever have joined you in our 

* Councils, or governing our Englijh Forces ? It 

* is moft true we did invite your Coming to our 
' Afliftance, on Principles of common Intereft} 
' we did let you know the one Kingdom cannot 
' enjoy a firm Peace whilft the other is in War ; 
' we did put you in mind of the Affection and Duty 

* which becdmeth Brethren : We ftill perfift on 

* the fame Grounds, and we moftearneftly defire 

* you to hold the Principles of common Intereft fo 

* underftood j and then we (hall hear of no further 

* Claim to the peculiar Right of the Kingdom of 
1 England^ as certainly we fhall make none to the 
' peculiar Rights of the Kingdom of Scotland. 

* Your Lordfhips fpeakof cfpoufwg our Quarrels^ 

* and, at the Conference, and in your P ipers, fo 
4 often mention your forfaking your own Peace for 

* us. Not to look back on former Times, we de- 

* fire you to remember, that the firft Part of this 

* War was made againft the Kingdom f Scotland 

* by the Kina, and not by the Kingdom, of Eng- 

* land; that the two Houfes of Parliament did af- 

* fift to procure your Peace, and, as an unparalleled 

* Teftimony of their bretherly Affe&ioh, did give 
1 you 300,000 /. 

* And although it were not fo often remembeicd 

* by your Lodftjips in your Papers, yet we {hould 

* not forget the Love of our Brethren in coming to 

* our Affiftance ; and (hall return any Meafure of 

* Conjunction of Intereft that we have had, not 
' got, from you j but hazard our own Peace for 

* yours, and requite every Kindnefs you have done, 

* or defired to do for us : And this your Defire, 

* That the fame Meafure of Conjunction of Inte- 

* reft be given to you which was got from you, may 
4 fatisfy you that the Meafure of Conjunction of 

* Intereft is upon common Principles, and not in 
Vot. XV. N the 

194 3%* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. * Car. T. c t ^ e Excrcile of each other's particular Rights ; 
.. l */, j * for we have neither had, nor do defire, any par- 
N?ember. * ticular Right in the Kingdom of Scotland, and 

* therefore you, by your own Argument, ought not 

* to defire any particular Right in the Kingdom of 

* England; and do therefore obteft, by the common 

* Good of both Kingdoms; by the Love of Bre- 

* thren ; by the Treaty between the Kingdoms ; by 
' the Solemn League and Covenant ; by the Law of 
' Nations j by Benifits formerly received and ac- 

* knowledged j and by that univerfal Law of a Chri- 

* ftian Life, viz, to do as you would be done unto> 
' which we delire you ferioufly to weigh : By all 
' thefe, and by whatever elfe may be obliging, W6 

* defire you not to claim to difpofe of our particular 

* and peculiar Rights -, not to render us fufpeted 
' with the People towards the Perfon of the King ; 

* not to do that which may ftrengthen the Hands of 

* any malignant Faction amongft us ; not to pub- 

* lifn fuch things as may fow the Seeds of a Dif- 
' union, which will be equally deftru&ive to both 
' Kingdoms , not to think it our Duty alone to keep 
' the Covenant ; and not to forget the Honour, 

* Freedom, and Safety, of both the Kingdoms. 

' Your Lordfhips fay, You acknowledge yen are 

* to prefume the beft concerning our Intention^ but 

* are not therefore to part -with any Inter ejl or Seen- 
' rity, beeaufe we are honejl and faithful. We 

* conceive it unreafonable you fhould, and we ne- 

* ver defired it ; but if you be not to part with any 

* of your Rights, are your Brethren of England to 
' part with any of theirs ? Should you claim that 
' from them which yourfelves fay they ought not to 

* claim from you ? If you are to prefume the beft, 

* what Ground have you to fufpeft the worfr, and 

* make Suppofitions that we will abufe our Rights ? 
' Indeed ir.y Lords, your Expreffions in your Pa- 

* per, TJ}at your Army, by their Oath of Allegiance ; 

* your Committee of FJlates^ by their CommiJJion ; 

* your Officers^ by their Aiiiitary Oath, ought to de- 
' fend the King from Harms and Prejudices . Your 

* often repeating at the Conference, Thai the King 

* tame 

of ENGLAND; 195 

* came to your Army for Shelter and Defentt, and An - ** Car. 

* therefore you are to preferve him, may indure fuch , ]_ ** , 

' an Interpretation, as if you defired the People November. 

* fhould believe the King needs Shelter, Defence, 
' and Prefervation from the Kingdom of Scotland 
' and the Scots Army, againft the two Houfes of 
'the Parliament of England ; and that the Parlia- 

* ment of England is more to be fufpefted and lefs 
4 confided in than the Scots Army : But if this befar 

* from your thoughts, as we hope your Lordfhips 

* will fay it is, letitbealfo from your Expreffions, 

* from which fuch Inferences may be drawn. 

* To that you fay, The entering into the Cove- 

* nant was to wipe ojf the Calumny and Afperfion of 
< Rebellion ; it hath no Relation to the Queftion 

* in Debate ; neither do we find any Ground how, 

* or why, the Parliaments of either Kingdom 
' could have been taxed with Rebellion, though 
' they had never joined in this Covenant; or, if any 

* fuch Afperfions could have been defervedly caft 

* upon them, how the Covenant could have wiped 

* them off. 

* We have already anfwered what you here re- 

* peat for the Kings voluntary Refidence in either 

* Kingdom ; and have already told you, with the 

* Reafons why, That it Is not to the Queftion, 

* neither is the King in a Condign for the Exer- 
' cife of the Duty of his Place ; but if he were, 
' your Lordfhips may reft aflured the two King- 

* doms will never differ about his reftding in tKe 

* Kingdom of Scotland, for his doing the Duties 

* of his Place there. Your Lordfhips proceed, 

* That it could not be expeffedfrom the Army under 

* the Command of Sir Thomas Fairfax (if they were 
1 in Scotland for your Aflijlance in like Cafc t as your 
' Army is for ours) to deliver up the P erf on of the 

* King ; neither can it be expetted from your Army, 

* This Argument might have been urged to us 

* if we had ever made any Allegation to that Ef- 
' feel ; but we fhall fay even (your Lordfhips own 

* Words) The Army under Sir Thomas Fairfax* 

* in the like Cafe, on the likeRefolution of the 

N 2 ' Par- 

196 72tf Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 21 Car. I. ' Parliament of Scotland, ought to deliver the Per- 

t f6 * 6 ' fon of the King in Scotland, to be difpofed by the 

November ' P arnament or " Scotland. And now, your Lord- 

' (hips receiving Satisfaction in this your main Ar- 

* gument, we fliall not doubt but you will acknow- 
' ledge our Right as we do yours, and proceed ac- 

* cordingly. 

' In your next Argument you return, with an 

* heavy Tax upon us, to the Law and com- 
' mon Practice of all Nations, Not to deliver up the 

* meancjl Suhjeft fled to them, tho 1 for the greatejl 
4 Crimes ; and amplify it, by our refufmg the AcJ of 
' remanding in the ^th of King James ; And farther 
' fay, If the meanejl be not to be delivered^ how will 

* the World abroad condemn your Army for fo bafe 
' and dijhonourable an Aft, to deliver up the K'xgr 

* having cafl himfelf into your hands, to be difpofed 

* at the Arbitrement of another Nation : For of us 

* your Words of another Nation muft be taken, we 

* claiming the Right of difpofing of him in Eng- 

* This, rightly underftood, will give Satisfac- 
' tion to all the Werld in the Juftnefs of our De- 

* fires ; and we (hall put the Subftance of the Ar- 
' gument in fuch Words as, in rightly placing the 

* Strength of it, none may be deluded. 

* It is thus : Every Kingdom challengeth the 
' Difpofal of the Perfons within their own King- 
' dom, though they be the Subjects of another 
' Kingdom ; and, en this Ground, it is clear that 
the Kingdom of Scotland hath not the Difpofal 

* of the meaneft of their own Subjects, in whom 
they have the fole Right, that Subject being in 

* the Kingdom of England ; much lefs the Difpo- 

* fal of the Perfon of the King who is in England^ 
in whom you allow the Kingdom of England t 
c have a joint Right. 

4 Your Army in En?lnnd(wz follow your Af* 

* Sument on the Law of Nations) cannot be confi- 

* dered in any other Condition than our own Ar- 
my, and will any Nation fay, if the King were 
in our Army, that It were the leaft Bafenefs or 

* Dif- 

^ENGLAND. . 197 

Dimonour, but their Duty, for them to deliver An. ** Ctr ' T. 

* up the Perfon of the King, to be difpofed by both t ***** .. 
' Houfesof Parliament? The King is not in the jjoYtmtxr. 
'Kingdom of Scotland, and your Army is in the 

* Kingdom of England; is it not, by your own Ar- 
4 gument, dimonourable (to fay no more) for us not 

* to difpofe of the King in England; and we are 

* confident your Lordfhips will reft fatisfied that 

* there was no Need of that Expreflion, that the 
4 two Houfes of Parliament {hould claim or require 

* that which was bafe or di(h nourable for you 
4 to do. 

* To what you fay that the King cajlhimjelfup- 

* on your Army, and ufe the like Phrafes in fo many 
4 Places of our Ppapers, we (hall only fay. We 
4 had rather enjoy our own Rights, than debate 
4 upon what Grounds the King came to your Ar- 

* my ; or, if he had none, why he (hould think 

* himfelf more fure in that Army than in that of 

* Sir Thomas Fairfax, or in that Englijh Army that 
'joined with yours in the Service before Newark : 
c Or why Monf. Mi' trevjl, a French Agent, to 

* whofe Lodging the King firft came, was fo many 
4 Weeks at Southwell, the head Quarter of your 
4 Army before Newark^ nptwithftanding Excep- 
4 tions were taken by the Englijh Committee againft 
4 his, the faid Agent's being there, 

4 And now we come to thofe you call Objeo 
1 tions, which being of your Lordftiips penning, 
4 and alfo the Anfwers to them, may be the moje 
4 eafily fuited to your Defires. But the Matter in 
4 Debate being, that the Kingdom of Scotlaniflmh 
4 no Right of Joint Exercife of Intereft in difpofing*- 
4 the Perfon of the King in the Kingdom of Eng- 
4 land, we (hall place this our Affertion before your 
' feveral Arguments or Objections againft it, and 
4 then give Anfwers to them,. 

ASSERTION. ' We do affirm that the King- 

* dom of Scotland hath no Right of joint Exercife 
4 of Intereft in difpofcng of the Perfon of the King, 

* in the Kingdom of England. 

N 3 W* 

Ifa Parliamentary HISTORY 

November. [ This we have already given from their own Pa- 
, pers, at p. 127.] 

' Were the Things in this Objection fo as they 
' are fet down, yet it would not follow, that there- 
c fore the Scots Army ought not to deliver up the 

* King to be difpofed by both Houfes, without the 

* joint Advice and Confent of the Kingdom of Scot- 
' land. And here we might leave all that is contain- 

* ed in this Objection, but for that many Things in 
4 it, when rightly recited, (now at leaft exceedingly 
' miftaken) are Proofs for our Aflertion ; and be- 

* caufe, from the Matter of Fa6t mifrecitcd, there 

* are many Reflections upon us of Ingratitude, 

* we {hall make a true State of this Bufmefs from 
the Truth of the Matter of Fadl. 

' By the fourth Article of the Treaty, the Charge 

* of levying, arming, and bringing your Forces to- 

* gether, furnifhed with a Train of Artillery, was 

* to be computed according to the Rates, as if the 
' Kingdom of. Scotland were to raife them for 
' themfelves, and for the prefent to be done by 
'the Kingdom of Scotland upon Account, to be 
repaid or fatisfied when the Peace of the two 

* Kingdoms is fettled; yet who (hall read the 

* Words in your Paper, viz. that^ow did in ajhort 
' Time levy an Army at your own Charge, would 
' little have expected that that which you call your 
c own Charge was to be repaid. 

' By the fifth Article this Army was to be paid 
c as if the Kingdom of Scotland were to employ 

* the fame on their own Occafion; and towards 
''the defraying thereof, it not amounting to a full 

* Month's Pay, (thefe are the Words, not as now in 

* your Paper, Little more than half a Month's Pay) 
' be monthly paid 30,0000 /. Sterl. bytheParlia- 

* ment of England; and if the State cf Scotland 

* (hall have juft Caufe to demand further Satif- 
' faction, when the Peace of both Kingdoms is 
' fettled (for what?) for the Pains, Hazard, and 

- Charges 

of E N G L A N D. 199 

1 Charges they have undergone in the fame, they An. 2* i. 

* (hall, by way of brotherly Afliftance, have due ( ^* 6 - 

4 Recompence made unto them by the Parliament Nove ij, er / 
'of England. 

' And when we finally agreed upon a Sum in 

* grofs, the Refidae of the whole Month's Pay, 

* proportioned according to your own Rates, was 

* given in and claimed by your Eftimate ; and, 
' together with all other Demands for raifmg and 

* maintaining your Forces, and for your Pains, 
4 Hazard, and Charges, fatisfied by us in the grofs 

* Sum of 400,000 /. agreed to be paid unto you 

* in lieu of all Demands whatfoever; can we now, 

* in reafon, conceive, that fuch an Army in the 

* Kingdom of Etgland, fo to be raifed and paid 

* wholly by the Kingdom of England, fhould 

* claim any Right to detain phe Perfon of the King 

* in thcjr Hands from his being difpofed in Eng- 
1 latfd by the two Houfes of Parliament? If we 

* had forefeen as much, as your Lordfliips fay you 

* did, there would have been no fuch Debate as 

* now is. 

It is moft true that by our Declaration of the 

* 8th of November^ 1642, and the 27th of June, 
1 1643, when we invited your Coming in ; and 

* when, on the igth of July, 1643, our Commit- 
' tees went to treat with you to come to our Af- 
' fiftance, (whofe Arrival at Edinburgh was on the 
fevench of Auguft} our Enemies were powerful 
' and prevailing. It is alfo as true, that all might 

* have been loft, had not the good Providence of 

* Almighty God mercifully and feafonably inter- 
4 pofed in ourgreateft Straits, and mightily changed 
' the State of pur Affairs between the Time of 

* our Invitation of you, and your Coming in ; be- 

* tween which Time 93 Coloursof Horfe of the 

* Earl of Newcaftle's Army were utterly defeated 

* in Lincolnjbire ; his old Army broken before 

* Hull; the King's Army, where himfelf was in 
Perfon, wafted at the Siege of Gloucejler ; that 

* Siege raifed, the City relieved, and that Army 
< broke at the Battle of Nrwbery; with fome 

N 4 'other 

goo The Parliamentary HIST OR y 

An. it Car. I. < other happy SuccefTes at Alton, Arunddl, and 

. l646< , * other Places ; all which was to the great Weaken- 

Nomnber. ? ^ n g of the Enemy and Strengthening of our Party ^ 

' And whereas you will feem to intimate that, 

1 for the Good of Religion, King, and Kingdom, you 

' did voluntarily forjake your own Pea$e y though 

* you had confidered how prejudicial it would be, and 

* what infinite Lofs, Trouble and Danger your En- 
c gagement with the Parliament of England would 
' bring to the Parliament of Scotland - 3 yet we de- 
' fire you again ferioufly to confider, whether 
' Scotland could have continued in Peace, if the. 
' King had here prevailed againrt us : Had not 
' you more hazarded your Peace by fitting ftill, and 
' letting a powerful prevailing Enemy invade Scot- 
' land? Ha;h not the laft Year's Experience 

* {hewed you what a Party he might have found 
' there ? Had it not been a greater Charge to de- 
' fend yourfelves upon your own Account, than, 

* by aflifting this Kingdom, to prevent your own 
6 Ruin at our Charge ? \Ve cannot believe you 
e can think you were out of Danger, though it 
' was then your Lot to be the fartheft from it of 
4 the two Kingdoms. 

' We did never imagine that the Treaty (no 
e way difadvantageous to you) fhould be look'd 
upon as it feems it is by thefe Words, Wejiocd 

* not upon Conditions, as if we ought to give you 
muchbetterConditions. Certainlyif we, without 

* any other Relation, look only into the Nature 

* of the Conditions, Auxiliaries might be had 

* (and arc daily had in other Parts, and of your 

* Nation) on the fame, orlowerConditions. We 
fliould moft gladly have omitted thefe Things, 
' but that they are mifrecited in your Paper, and 

* fo often prefs'd upon us ; and we hope we (hall 
' both take Notice of mutual Obligements to make 

* our brotherly Union more firm. 

* We fhalf, before the World, at all Times ma- 
' nifeft that we {hall go along with them that fet 

* the higheft Value on your Aflifrance ; but we 

* dcfire your .Lord {hips would not, by infifting up- 

of E N G L A N D. 201 

' on your own Deferts upon miftaken Grounds, An - Car. I. 

* lay Reflections of Ingratitude upon us, of which . ' 4 '_ j 

* you know we are not guilty. We have before November. 
< fo fully anfwered your Arguments, from the Co- 

* yenant and Treaty, and fhewed that they direft- 

* ly make good our Refolutions, as we fhall fay 

* nothing in this Place to them; but obferve that 
' in this Argument you mention the Defence of 

* the King twice from the Covenant, yet in both 

* Places, leave out the Words, in the Preferva- 
tion and Defence of the true Religion and Liber- 

* tiff of the Kingdoms. 


[The AJJertion prefixed to the Commons Anfwer 
to the firjl Objeftion^ We do affirm, &c. is 
repeated at the Head of each ofthem.~\ 

[ Already given at p. 129.] 

' Herein is repeated what you have faid before; 
1 fome Things are new, as that it begins with, 

* Although his Majeftys riding one Day 3 'Journey 
4 might wholly fubvert the Grounds of this Objection, 

* yet, &c. But we fhall never fuppofe, the King 

* being in England, our Brethren of Scotland will 
' take him out of this Kingdom, neither will fup- 

* pofe what Differences between the two King- 

* doms one Day's Journey might make. It 
' one Thing if the King had come. duly unto you 

* into Scotland, and clear another his coming to 

* your Army in the Kingdom of England. You 

* here repeat the King's voluntary Coming to your 
f Army, and we fay we defire not to debate on 
' what Grounds he came. We never faid his be- 

* ing in England took away your Relation to him ; 
' but that you have no Right of difpoiing of his 

* Perfon in this Kingdom : And, by a former Ar- 

* gument of your own from the Common Law and 

* Practice of all Nations, his being in England 

* gives us a Right, if we had it not otherwifc. 


202 7&? Parliamentary His TORY" 

.An. 12 Car. I. And we defire your Lordfliips to confider that, 

t ** ' t ' by your Argument of the Relation between the 

November. ' King an< ^ ms Subje&s, when you alfo aflert the 

' Right of mutual Performance and Exercife of 

c them, as well without as within each Kingdom 

* refpe&ively, in England as Scotland, or in Scot- 

* land as England^ you confound the particular 
' Rights of the two Kingdoms, which would be 
' a great Violation of the Covenant; And if you 

* may argue for your joint Confent, becaufe the 

* King's Coming to you was an Emergency of 
' War, you may, by the fame Reafon, claim a 
' joint* Intereft in the difpofmg the Northern 

* Counties, and fay they fell into your Hands as 

* an Emergency of War. 

' If, in your Allegation of the Fundamental 

* Right of the Kingdom of Scotland, and the Li- 
' berty of that Kingdom, you mean in Scotland-^ 
' we did never difpute againft it: But if you mean 

* in England^ then, if we had taken the King bt- 
' fore our Conjunction by the Covenant and Trea- 

* ty, our difpofmg of him without your Confent 
c had been againft the Fundamental Rights of the 
4 Parliament of Scotland j which we are confident 
' you will not fay. 

* And your Lordfhips having agreed, at the 

* Conference, that the Kingdom Scotland hath 
' no Right of Exercife of Intereft in the Kingdom 

* of E'gla>:d but by the Covenant and Treaty; 

* and the two Houfes of Parliament did not enter 

* into that Conjunction with our Brethren of Scot- 

* land to put the particular Rights of the King- 

* dom of England into a worie, but into a better 

* Condition by that Conjunction ; and the Cove- 
' nant and Treaty do provide accordingly ; and 

* that we have not parted with this Right by the 

* Covenant and Treaty, we have formerly {hewed, 

4 You cannot apply the Large Treaty, concern- 

* ing the King's voluntary Reildency, to this 
< Queftion, whilft the King is not in a Condition 
of exercifmg the Duties of his Place, or difpo- 

* fing of his Perfon into anv of his Kingdoms 

of E N G L A N D. 203 

at his own Election, as in Times of fettled Peace : An - JJ " 
And if the King had been in Scotland in fuch a t ' 

Cafe as ours is, we {hould not have faid more to November, 
your detaining of him, than we defire you {hould 
now fay to us. 

* And whereas your Lordfhips fay, // fiems 
Jlrange that you, being come in upon Invitat.on, as 
for other Ends, fo to defend his Majejiy's Perfon, 
your now being in England Jhould be made Ufe of 
for Delivery of the King to be difpofed by us ; we 
underftand not why the difpoling of the Perfon of 
the King in England, by both Houfes of Parlia- 
ment, and the Defence of his Perfon according 
to the Covenant, may not well confift together : 
We demand to difpofe of the King, becaufe the 
King is in England, and you, of all other, who 
come to defend our Rights, (hould not violate 
them : And it would be much more ftrange, if 
any {hould think that when we invited you, that 
by your Affiftance we might preferve our Inte- 
refts, we {hould invite you to difpofe of our In- 

' You argue from the third Article, the Words 
whereof are, That the Army be commanded by a 
General appointed by the States of Scotland, and 
fubjeft to fuch Resolutions and Direflions, as are 
and Jhall be agreed and concluded on mutually be- 
tween the two Kingdoms, or by Committees appoint- 
ed by them in that Behalf, for purfuance of the 
Ends above-mentioned, which are the Ends ex- 
prefled in the Covenant ; we {hall fpeak more 
of them in our Anfvver to your next Objection. 
' You apply, but improperly, this third Article 
for your joint Right of difpofing with us the 
Perfon of the King in the Kingdom of England: 
And why? Becaufe to defend and preferve his 
Perfon is one of the Ends in the Covenant. You 
may as well fay you have Right of joint difpofing 
all our Laws and Liberties ; for to defend and 
preferve them is one, and a main one, of the 
Ends in the Covenant. 



An. 22 Car* I. 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Your Arguments from the ninth Article are 
before anfwered : And here you again alledge 
the Covenant, and here again, as in the for- 
mer Objection or Argument, when you mention 
that you are to preferve the Perfon of the King, 
you leave out the fubfequem Words, in Prefer- 
vation and Defence of the true Religion* and Li- 
berties of the Kingdom, 

[Given at p. j 2.] 

e The Truth is thus : On Tut/Jay the fifth 
of May laft, our Committees before Newarkhzd 
Notice the King was come to Southwell, the 
Head Quarter of your Army there, before they 
heard any Thing from your Committees of it, 
who fent two of their Number to give our Com- 
mittes Notice of the King's ( oming to South- 
well; which two did prcmife to deliver to the 
reft of their Number the Defires of our Com- 
mittees, That the King might not remove from 
Southwell: And afterwards our Committees hear- 
ing the fame Day the King came to our Army, 
that your Army was preparing to march, told 
your Committees of it, of and their former De- 
fire, That the King might remain at Southwell; 
your Committees denied there was any Intention 
in your Army to march: And to the DC fire of 
the King's not removing from Southwell^ they 
faid, He w as gene to Kelham before they heard 
from our Committees. Whereupon our Com- 
mittees earneftly prefled them the King might 
return back to Southwell, and not to be at Kel- 
ham, where the Body of your Army lay, to cajole 
or difturb your Soldiers; but could not obtain 

* the Confent of your Committee thereunto. The 
' next Day our Committees hearing that yourAr- 
my had difpofed of their Provifions, and fent in 

* for many Carriages, did again complain to your 


^ENGLAND. 205 

* Committees ; who again alfo abfolutely denied An. Car. I, 

* it, and faid, Nothing fhould be done without our 6 4 6 - ^ 

* Committees having Notice: Neverthelefs, the November. 
' next Day, being Thurjday^ your Army marched 

* away, and took the King with them ; and when 
' your Army were on their March, and not be- 
' fore, fome of your Committees acquainted ours 

* with it. Now it is moft evident that, by the 
' Treaty, our Committees being equally te com- 
' mand and diredt your Army as your own, and 

* your Army obliged by the Treaty equally to 
' obey them as a joint Committee, if you have any 
' Right becaufe the King came to your Army, the 
' King came to our Committees as to yours, and 

* they had in that refpedt equal Power to difpofe 
' of him. But what was done is before exprefled. 

* You fay you did write to the Houfes; and your 
' Paper intimates one Reafon of your going was, 

* becaufe you heard not from the Houfes. You 

* wrote on Wednefday y and marched away the next 
' Morning: Could you expect a Return from the 

* two Houfes in that Time, the Diftance being 

* 100 Miles ? You alledge your March was after 
' the Surrender of Newark; when as it was only 
' after the Commiffioners for the Treaty had agreed, 
' but before the Agreement was figned by the 

* Committees and Governor of Newark; and the 
Town was not furrendered till the next Day, 

* which was done, on fome Emergency, a Day 

* fooner than was agreed on by that Treaty. 

* And fhall we think that your Army fhould 

* march away on the Rumour of 5000 Horfe and 

* Dragoons of Sir Thomas Fairfax' s Army marching 

* Northward? But, how.ver, there was no fuch 

* Thing, nor did any fuch Order of the Houfe of 

* Peers, as your Lordfhips mention, ever come to 

* the Army of Sir Thomas Fairfax; neither did the 

* General, Lieutenant-General, nor any other Of- 

* ficer that ever they heard of, know of any fuch Or- 

* der, till your Lordfhips mentioned it in your Paper 
of the 20th of Offober laft. And if they had 
' marched, they are under the Command of the 

a Par- 


The Parliamentary 

An. 22 Car. I. < Parliament, and have flie wed themfelves faithful 

v ' 46 ' , andferviceable, and God hath exceedingly blefled 

November. tneir Service to the Good of both Kingdoms. 

4 This being the true State of that Bufmefs, 
our Committee of both Houfes being upon the 
Place at the Siege of Newark, and not fo much 
as advifed with by your Committees what was 
fit to be done with the Perfon of the King (the 
Difpofingof whofe Perfon, with your joint Con- 
fent, you now make a Matter of fo high Concern- 
ment); but your Army, contrary to Engage- 
ment not to remove without the Knowledge of 
our Committee, removing and taking the King 
with them, without any Notice given to our 
Committee before their March, though nothing 
but a River parted the two Armies with which 
our Committees did then refide: Your Lordfliips 
will now think our Committees had Reafon 
to defire to return; and there was little En- 
couragement for any other Committee to go 
down to your Army, efpecially confidering that 
you took Carjlile from the EngHJh Forces there 
againft the Confent of the Committee then up- 
on the Place. And that when your Army was 
at BramJ}am-Mocr> a little before the King took 
Leicefter, (the King then being very ftrorg, and 
our Affairs in a hazardous Condition) they were 
earneftly prefled by our Committee, then a joint 
Committee with them, according to the Treaty 
to march Southward ; but, contrary to their De- 
fires, and againft their Confent, your Army 
marched away Northward. 
* It is true that you fent out Orders to debar all 
fuch of both or either Kingdoms, as had been 
in Arms againft the Parliament, from coming in- 
to your Quarters, or to the Court, or to the Per- 
fon of the King; and it is as true, that they did 
come notwithftanding thofe Orders, and yet no 
Man puniflied for Breach of thofe Orders that 
ever we heard of. 

' Your Lordfhips fay, There is no fuch Claufe in 
' the Treaty, as that the Scots Army jhould do no- 


* thing without a joint Resolution of both Kingdoms , 
c or their Committees ; and thence infer, you hav- 

* ing no joint Refolution to the contrary, you Novmbw. 

* might march away. But it is moft evident from 

* your Argument, (for your Example, the Army 

* under the Earl of EJJex or Sir Thomas Fairfax, is 
c not at all applicable to your Inference) that it is 
' wholly in your Power whether the Kingdom of 

* England fhall ever join in directing of your Army 
' or not. You had no Committee for fifteen 

* Weeks before Newark, and all that Time our 
' Committee could not order your Army for Want 
" of yours to join with them; when yours did 

* come, they having a negative Voice, did not 

* agree to our Committee's Defires for the King's 

* Stay at Southwell, or acquaint them with your 

* Armies going away, but denied it to themj 

* fo as that main Thing in the Treaty to join in 
' ordering your Army is, both by your Practice 
' and Aflertion in your Paper, rendered ufelefs. 

* And in this Argument alfo is the Covenant 

* recited for the Defence of the Perfon of the King, 
4 and the Words, In the Prefervation of Religion 
4 and the Liberties of the Kingdoms (a main Claufc 
' without which the other Part ought never to be 
' mentioned ) are left out. Certainly, myvLords, 

* we fhould never have argued thus from the Co- 
^ venant and Treaty. And here you fay again as 

* formeily, Tour Army claims no Right to difpofe 

* of the King: But we fay that, de Fafto, they do 
' difpofe of him ; and muft, by your Argument, 
4 ever do fo, unlcfe we agree to the joint Confent 

* of the Kingdom of Scotland for difpofin" of the 

* King in England, (and that from fuch Grounds 

* as, if admitted, would intereft the Kingdom of 
' Scotland in the Government of the Kingdoms of 

* England and Ireland] elfe you will not confent; 

* and unlcfs you confent, you fay your Army ought 
4 not to part with him ; fo as he is to be difpofed by 

* you in England without our Confent, but not by 
' us in this Kingdom without your Confent; which 
' fure cannot be found in the Covenant, 



t fbf Parliamentary HISTORY 

" J* J an * The COMMONS ANSWER to the fourth OBJECTION 
... ^ ' . or ARGUMENT of the Scots COMMISSIONERS. 

November. [Given at p. 134.] 

* This contradicts what you have formerly faid, 
That one coming to another Nation ought not to 
be remanded^ though for the great eji Crime. 
4 And let your Lordftiips confider, that your 
Army in England is not the Kingdom of Scotland. 
And here alfo you recite the Covenant, as to the 
Defence of his Majefty's Perfon ; but omit the 
fubfequent Words, In the Prefervation of the true 
Religion and Liberties of the Kingdoms. And as 
all Perlbnsin both Kingdoms, who have taken the 
Covenant, havebound themfelves before Almighty 
God to defend the King's Perfon, in the Defence 
of the true Religion and Liberties of the King- 
doms ; fo are they to do it only in their fevera! 
Vocations, without intrenching upon each others 
Rights and Privileges; for which Reafon alfo 
Incendiaries were referved to the Trial of the 
Supreme Judicatories of the Kingdoms refpe&ive- 
ly, that their feveral Jurifdi&ions might not be 
prejudged or confounded.* 

[Given at p. 134.] 

4 It is moft true, it hath often been fet down 
4 in your Papers, That your Army neither doth 
' nor will take upon them to difpofe of the King j 

* yet we know that, de Facla^ they do difpt/e of 
4 him. You fay, He came without Capitulation or 

* Treaty : We again defire you will not put us 
' upon that Debate. You alledge, Tf)at his Re- 
' fidence is voluntary and free : Yet you fent us 
4 Word that you had fet a ftrongGuard upon him> 

* and you can not fay, That the Covenant, Treaty, 

* or Fundamental Rights of the Scots Nation are, 

* That he fhould be in voluntary Freedom with 
' us, but in reftraint with you. 

* You 

of E N G L A N D. 209 

* You argue, That the fole Difpofal of the King An. ** Car. ! 

* comes in Place of Peace ; which is not fo, unlefs t **** ' . 
' you will grant that you have now made Peace^ November. 

* for you have the fole Difpofal. But all this is 

* before more at large.' 

[Given at p. 135.] 

* We have never alledged that the Parliament 
' of Scotland hath riot the like Exercife of Inte- 

* reft in Scotland as We defire to have in England, 

* and yet this is often objected againft us. But 

* we do aver , that the Right of Exercife of Inte- 

* reft is diftincl to each Nation : And from your 
' own Argument, if we do not deny this Right 
4 to Scotland^ why (hould you deny it to England? 

* The Union of the Kingdoms under one Head 

* doth no more confound the Exercife of particular 
' Rights, than if under feveral Heads. We never 

* defired you to renounce any Right of the King- 

* dom of Scotland j let us have the fame Meafure. 

* By your Argument it muft follow, That, by 

* England's having the King of Scotland^ the Kina;- 

* dom of Scotland fhould be King of England: 
4 For although the Perfon of the King be not di- 

* vifible, yet his Relations are divifible, both in their 

* Nature and Exercife; the King of England and 

* the King of Scotland are one Man, but they are 

* not one Thing. And tho' thofe Relations are 

* not divifible from his Perfon, yet is the Exercife 
' of them divifible from his Perfon, as his Perfon 
4 is divifible from either or both of the Kingdoms, 
4 and as the Kingdoms are divifible from each other 

* in Place and in Power, in Right and in Intereft, 

* within theirfeveral Precincts ; and the exact: Pre- 
4 fervation of this Diftinclion is the beft Means to 

* prevent a worfe Divifion. 

* And if, as you fay, your defiring not to part 

* with your Right, doth notar^ue any^Diffidence ifi 

VOL. XV. O us> 

2xo The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ^^ Or. I.< us; now that it is (hewed you have no Right, why 

/' | , * will you be diffident of us, to hinder the Exercile 

pur_particular Rights ? 

4 That which you call your laft Objection was 
* an Anfwer to your Reply. 

The COMMONS ANSWER to the feventb OBJEC- 
SIONERS. [Before given at p. 136.] 

\ Although in this Anfwer of the Commons fofaf, 
they have cited every Objection at large as made 
f>y the Scots CommsJJioners^ yet here they have 
gone no farther than the firjl Paragraph, be- 
gijining ivith^ If this Argument, and ending^ 
as they (hall think fit ; wholly omitting the 
Jeveral Expedients offered by the Scots for the 
Satisfaction of the King.] 

' You object, Your Arrfiy cannot part with 

* the King without the Confent of the King- 

* dom of Scotland; the Kingdom of Scotland can- 

* not confent, unlefs they may join in the Dif- 

* pofal of his Perfon ; they will not join till it be 
' agreed that he be difpofed for the Good of both 
' Kingdoms : And can any Thing then be more 

* plain, than that the King is then to remain where 
' he is (as we have faid before) untill c you will be 
' fatisfied ? And being where he is, we know, and 
' fo do you, that he is difpofed of againft our Con- 
1 fent. And if this Argument were turned over, 

* it would remain good : For we do fay, The 
' Kingdom of Scotland had not Right of joint In- 

* tereft in difpofmg of the Perfon of the King if 

* he were at IVeftminjler \ neither (hould we clairri 
' any, if he were duly at Edinburgh. And if this 
' be a good Argument, it will follow, That you 

* ftiould have fome other Nation to refide contr- 

* nually with us, to advife and confent to what 
1 Places the King fhall go upon every Occafion of 
1 his Remove, and upon every Accident that may 

* happen ; confidering the Temper and Condition 

^ENGLAND. 211 

* of thefe Times may call for fudden and different An - 22 Car - 
1 Refolutions, and fuch as they are only capable to t ' * 6 ' t 
'judge of, and to apply Remedies unto, who are November. 
' upon the Place. 

We doubt not your Lordftiips are fatisfied 
' that the" Coming of the King to your Army was 

* with a Dcfign, on his Part, againft the Good of 

* both Kingdoms ; which, with his denying the 

* Proportions, being among you, are not Argu- 

* ments that he ought to be left to his own Will 
and Pleafurc. 

' Upon the whole Tract in your Papers we 
'{hall, from brotherly Affeclion, let you know, to 

* prevent the like for the future, That your Papers 

* feem to be prepared, printed, and pablifhed to 
' captivate the Hearers and Readers, to trouble their 
' Fancies, and hinder the right Underftandingof 

* the Queftion, and that they may be led byanim- 
' plicit Belief; and feem to hold forth^ That 
' you will fo manage your Affairs, as that, if any 

* Difference fliould happen (which God forbid, 

* and we (hull always endeavour to prevent, tho* 
' it arife elfewhere) it may be laid on the Houfes 
' of Parliament : Your Papers throughout inter- 
' volvin^ Things of feveral Natures^ mif-reciting 

* fo many Matters of Fact, holding forth Examples 
' and Similies, (which, if ur^ed by us, wereunrea- 
' fonable) as if they were applicable tothepre- 

* fent Debate, which yet they are not j that many 

* Readers and Hearers, though they know not how 
' to apply them to the Queftion between us, yet 
' may think they are to it, becaufe the Scots Com- 

* mifiioners would not elfe have inferted them. 

4 Having thus cleared the Right of the Par! ia- 
c ment of England^ in difpofing the Perfon of the 

* King in the Kingdom of Er^land^ we come 
' now to the Propositions: But, before we fall in- 
' to the Particulars of them, we {hall give a fliort 
' Anfwer to your Letter of the 24th of October 

* lal'h You exprefs therein, That the Scots Army 
' ba-j;;ij had no Pay fir fix Months, have been 

* forced to take free Quarter; which we wonder 

Oz to 

212 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

n. 21 Car. l. < to fee, when your Army taketh 19,700 /. month- 

|646 ; , ' ly in Mf ney, befides much free Quarter. And 

November. ' we fent your Lordfhips an Account of this, which 

* we received out of the North ; befides which they 

* have had, for one Year ending the laft of Oflolef 
laft, 72,9727. 2 s. \i d. for the Cuftom and 

* other Impofiticns upon Coals only. 

* Your Letter feems very corhpaffionately to 

* confider the Mifery of the Northern Parts ; but 

* the Ways you propofe of Remedy extend the 

* Benefit of ycur Companion efpecially to the 
' Scots Army ; the which Army's removing into 

* frefh Quarters in England, were to make them 

* feel as much Mifery as thofe it would leave. 

* We fhall provide what Money we can to enable 

* the Scots Army to march into Scotland; but you 
' know we are not engaged to you for 200,000 /. 
' in prefent, as your Letter implies. But this is 

* before more at large. 

' But whilft you would not have the King to go 

* into Scotland^ (for you fay that it is prejudicial 
' to both Kingdoms) neither would you have him 

* go into Ireland, or beyond Sea, (becaufe you 

* fay that would not be a Way to prefent Peace, 
' but certainly prognosticate new Trouble); and 
' whilft you will not let the Parliament difpofe of 
' his Perfon in England^ according to their Right, 

* (and the Parliament cannot admit of a joint Right 

* in you of Difpofmg his Perfon here, for that were 

* to admit a joint Right in you in all the Liberties 
f of this Kingdom) how (hull any be fatisfied that 
' this Queftion, concerning the Difpofmg of the 

* Perfon of the King, {hall not retard the march- 
ing of the Scots Army out of this Kingdom ? 
W ill they not enquire, What will the Scots do 

* with the Perfon of the King, when their Army 

* marcheth out of the Kingdom ? To which we 
e hope it will be anfwered, Our Brethren of Scot- 

* land are fatisfied the Parliament of England will, 

* according to their Right, difpofe of the Perfon 

* of the King in the Kingdom of England: And 

* your Lordfhips may reft allured the Perfon of 

* the 

of E N G L A N D. 213 

* the King will be difpofed by the Parliament of An. ** Car. I. 
' England^ as may beft conduce to the Good, l6 4 6 

Union, and Happincfs of the two Kingdoms. 

f-r*t T\ r ' i f \ T^ 

' The Propofition you make for the King to 

* come to us with Honour, Freedom, and Safety ; 

* or that Commiflioners may once again be fent 

* in the Name of both Kingdoms, with Power to 

* hear his Defires, and to endeavour the Satif- 
faction of Doubts and Scruples, is the fame in 

* Subftance made by himfelf, in his Anfwer to the 

* Proportions fent him by both Kingdoms ; but 
4 that you alfo propofe that fome may be fent to 
4 the King, and he defires to come hither ; and 

* your Lordfhips will not think they are more 
' reafonable when made by you for the King, than 
' when made by the King for himfelf, 

* And whereas your Lordfhips find a Difference 

* in the Times when both Kingdoms fent to the 
King, in Anfwer to his Letters of the 26th and 
' 29th" of December laft, defiring to come hither, 

< for that he had then both Garrifons and Field 

* Forces unreduced : We defire your Lordfhips 

* to remember, That although thofe Paflages of 
his having Garrifons and Forces be in the Letter, 
yet the main Matter infifted upon was in thefe 
Words, We conceive that, until/ Satisfaction and 

< Security be firjl given to both your Kingdoms^ your 
' Afajejly's Coming hither cannot be convenient, nor 
4 by us ajfinted unto. And which doth further 

* appear in another Letter, fent from the Parlia- 

* ment and your Lordfhips in March laft, in An- 
fwer to a Letter of the King's of the 23d of 

* the fame March^ wherein the fame Words of 

* Satisfaction and Security are again exprefsly re- 

* peated ; and there hath not been any Act done by 

* the King fmce that Time, that hath, in the leaft, 

* given Satisfaction or Security to this Kingdom : 

* But, however, your Lordfhips well know, that 

* the King, at the fending of the faid laft Letter, 

* had no Forces in the Field, nor Garrifons un- 
' blocked up j and he hath as many Forces now, 
4 when you make thefe Defires for him, as he had 

O 3 when, 

214 yb* Parliamentary HISTORY 

n< * fi e" **' wnen > to y our unfpeakable Grief, (as you fay 

v * 4 ^' _j ' in your Papers) lv:, in his Denial to grant the 

November. * P.ropofitions font him from both Kingdoms, 

6 made then the fame Defires for himfelf. 

' Your Lordfhips recite our Anfwer to his Ma- 
' jefty's MeiFa^e of the nth of September 1642, 
' to which we {hall need fay no mere, than that 
' there is a large Difference between what is to be 
f done to prevent a War, which the common 

* Enemy did begin by keeping the King from us, 
' and what is to be done after fuch a War to fecure 
' a Peace : To fecure which, and to preferve 

* brotherly Union between the two Kingdoms, 
' which we moft earnefHy and from our Hearts 
' delire, we fnculd ufe all Means conducing there- 

* unto, and endeavour to prevent all Ways of 

* Separation; and if we be in any, to haften out 
' ofthem, the true End of our Covenant and this 
' Wur being that neither of us may be under any 
' Oppreflions. Let us both adt for the common 

* Good of both, and each enjoy our particular' 

* Rights; fuch Union is ftrong and will be laft- 
' ing : But where one gaineth upon the particular 

* Rights of the othor, and then argueth that he 
' mutt keep it, and the other bear it, to avoid Dif- 

* union; fuch Arguments are not to be often ufed, 

* and fuch Attempts are to be forborne, left they 

* make a Breach in brotherly Union ; which God 

* But we are confident the Right of the King- 
? dom of England will be acknowledged, and we 

* poflcfled of it; and v/e (hall make it appear how 
' little Caufe there is for thofe groundlefs Infinua- 

* tions in your Speeches and Papers, as if the Par- 
' liament of England were averfe from their antient 
' and fundamental Government, by King, Lords, 
' and Commons, which we had thought the De- 
' claration of the Boule of Commons cftheiyth 

* of April 1646, fufficicntly cleared to the whole 
4 World ; or that they were not as really forward 
' as anv, for the procuring of a f.afe and well- 

* grounded Peace, which is^the greatcft and chiefeft 
8w * 4 'of 

of ENGLAND. 215 

* of our Defires j and it wjlJ be manifeft to the Judg- An. 22 cr. I. 
4 meats and Confciences of all, That as we really l *>**- 

' endeavoured the Good of the King and both December"' 

* Kingdoms, fo (hall we conftantly and faithfully 

* perfevere in thofe Endeavours ; not doubting 
' but, upon our fincere performing our Covenant 

* and Treaties, the Bleffing of God will fo ac- 

* company us, as there will be a moft fweet and 

* brotherly Agreement between the Nations, and 
4 fuch a Conclufion as will be pleafing to God, 

* and wherein both Kingdoms (hall find the greateft 
Comfort and Happinefs.' 

Nov. 29. This Anfwer of the Commons feems 
to have been refented by the Scots Commiflioners ; J^'ch t b jjg"| cott 
for, next Day, the Speaker acquainted the Houfe, comir.iflioners, 
That he had lent his Servant, with the Anfwer and theyrefufe tore? 
a Letter from h,imfelf fealed up to thpfe Cpmmif- ceiveit - 
fioners ; and the Servant being defired to ftay a little, 
they came to him again, and gave him a Letter, di- 
redted to the Speaker, and returned the Anfwer 
fealed up as it was and wrapped in a clean Cover. 
The Servant urged, That he had no Warrant to 
receive it back if it was the fame he brought , but, 
upon the Commiflioners preffing it on him, he took 
both. The Letter was immediately read ; it is 
not inferted in the 'Journal^ but only faid to be 
dated from Worcefter-Houfe, and fubfcribed by 
five of the Commiflioners ; and therefore we can 
only conjecture, that they refufed to receive it, be- 
caufe it came not to them from both Houfes of Par- 
liament, as every Thing elfe had done.- The 

Houfe of Lords took no Notice at all of this 

December. This Month begins with an Ordi- 
nance for the better Obfervation of the monthly 
Faft ; which having been much flighted at this 
Time by the People, it was ordered to be more 
ftriclly kept under feveral fevere Penalties. 

The Lords alfo proceeded, according to a late 

annual Cuftom, to nominate Sheriffs for the feveral 

O 4 Counties 

2 1 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ax Car. I. Counties in England and Wales-, the Names of 
i ' * ' all which are particularly entered in the Journals. 

Dec 5. Several Papers were delivered in to the 
Houfe of Lords, containing the Subftance of the 
Difputes, between the Commifiioners of both Na- 
tions, about the Payment of the firft 200,000 /. to 
the Scots Army, and the Manner of their evacuating 
this Kingdom. But thefe Altercations, being very 
long and tedious as entered in the Lords Journals* 
we pafs over; and this the rather, becaufe the Refult 
of the whole was foon after digefted into Articles 
in Form, which will appear under their proper 

f Date. Mr. Ru/fnuortb writes, ' That this firft 

The Money for i , , -r \ 

thepa-imnt 2OO,ooo/. which was to be railed according to 

of the firft the Parliament's Propofals to the City of London^ 

000,000 /.to before given, and on the Security of the Bifhops 

tncm very ipccai" . ///it iti i 

lyraifedj L'nds, came in fo faft, that the whole was made 

u t j by the End of the laft Month.' This gave 
luch Encouragement to the Scots Commiffioners, 
that, on the feventh of this Month, they prefented 
the following Paper to the Houfe of Lords, ad- 
drefied to their Speaker : 

Right Honourable^ 
Whereupon they c TirE do agree with your Lordftiips concern- 

tequirefomefur- t VV the Terms o f the Payment of the 
tner Security lor o t r 

the latter c late 20o,c.oo/. But, as to the becunty, we are 

aoo,ooo/. commanded to defire it may be out of the E- 
' ftates of Papifts, Prelates, and Malignants, ac- 
' cording to the Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms; 
' or otherwife we do defire that we may have 
' fome other particular Security : Concerning all 
' which we are ready to confer with yo.ur Lord- 
fliips, and are confident we fhall come to a good. 

* Agreement. 

We do Hkewife expeft that, fmce our Army 
c is to remove out of this Kingdom, and the Irijh 

* Rebels do and are like more to infeft the King- 
dom of Scotland, the Honouralle Houfes would 
take into Ccnuderation what Aid and Affiftance 

of E N G L A N D. 217 

* to give to their Brethren of Scotland; or give An< 2 * Car - 
' Power to your JLordfhips to confer with us about t ' * 

' I*- December. 

By Command of the CommiJJtoners for the Par- 
liament of Scotland. 


The Lords ordered this Paper to be communi- 
cated to the Commons, which was done t he nex t 
Day accordingly. But that Houfe refolved to ad- 
here to their former Vote of giving no other Se- 
curity for the laft 2co,coo /. than the Public Faith j 
and the Money to be paid to the Scots Army, ac- 
cording to the Times formerly limited. How- 

Dec. 10. We find an Ordinance of Parliament, 
parted this Day, for the fpeedy Conveyance of the 
Sum of 200,coo /. in Specie, to the City of York^ 
being the Fiift Payment due to the Scats Army. 
The Lord Mayor, and all other Magiftratcs and 
Governors of that City, were required to be aiding 
and affifting to the Treafurers, for the fafe-keeping 
the faid Sum, during the Time it fhould remain 
there, (a) 

Notwithftanding every Thing went on fo 
fmoothly, yet the Parliament did not think them- 
felves fo fecure in their new acquired Power, but 
it might be overturned again. Thefe Jtaloufies 
were chiefly occafioned by great Numbers of Ma- 
lignants rcforting then to London, more to com- 
pound for their fequeftered Eftates, than to raife 
any frefh Commotions. However, the Parliament 
thought fit, for their further Security, to pafs a very 
fevere Vote at this Time, ' That all who (hould 
raile Forces againft the Parliament, or either 


(} This Mrney, under a great Convoy commanded by Major- 
CeneiaL ^tiffin, came down to York, Jan. i. ihif Year, and was 
paid to the Scoti, at thc^'-mmon HaH of that City, very Coon 
are r. At their Coming in all the Artillery of the City were dlf-' 

Drakc't HUlory of Ytrk, Fol. LcrtJca, 1736, p. 171. 

2 1 8 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 21 Car. I. Houfe, hereafter, fhould die without Mercy, and, 
._. 16 * 6 ' have their Eitates confifcated.' 


Dec. 14. An Ordinance, formerly brought up 
from the Houfe of Commons, for clearing the 
Proceedings of Parliament in the Courfe of this 
War, was read in the Houfe of Lords, agreed to, 
and ordered to be printed; notwithftanding which 
it is not to be found in HuJbantTs^ ScobePs^ or 
Ruftxvirtb' s Collections', and we give it as entered 
in the "Journals of the Lords. 

An ORDINANCE far justifying the Proceedings cf 

An Ordinance "IT/Hereas the Lords and Commons, aflem- 

roc ft -ed" bled in Parliamcnt have been neceffi- 

parKa-" tatccl to profecute a War in their juft and lawful 
Defence; and thereupon Oaths, Declarations, 
and Proclamations haye been made againft them 
and their Ordinances and Proceedings, and a- 
gainft others for adhering unto them, and for 
executing Offices, Places, and Charges, by Au- 
thority derived from them ; and Judgments, In- 
dictments, Outlawries, Attainders, and Inquifi- 
tions, for the Caufes aforefaid, haver been had and 
made againft fome of the Members of the Houfes 
of Parliament, and other his Majefty's good Sub- 
jects ; and Granti. have been made of their Lands 
and Goods : 

4 The Lords and Commons, afiembled in Parlia- 
ment, taking the fame into their ferious Con- 
fiderations have declared, and do hereby declare, 
That all Oaths, Declarations, and Proclamations 
heretofore had, or hereafter to be had, againft both 
or either Houics of Parliament, or any the Mem- 
bers of either of them for the Caufes aforefaid, or 
againft their Ordinances or Proceedings, oragainft 
any for adhering unto them, or fordping or exe- 
cuting any Office, Place, or Charge, by anv Au- 
thority derived from the faid Houfes, or either 


0f ENGLAND. 219 

f of them; and all Judgments, Indictments, Out- An. i-> Car. ! 
f lawries, Attainders, Inquifitions, and Grants l646 ^ 
thereupon made; and all other Proceedings for r> C embr 
any the Caufes aforefaid, had, mad,e, done or ex- 
ecuted, or to be had, made, done, or executed, 
whether the fame be done by the King, or any 
Judges, Juftices s Minifters, Sheriffs, or any others 
by his Majefty's Direction or Appointment, are 
void and of none Effecl; and are contrary to, and 
againft the L ;ws of this Realm. 
1 And the faid Lords and Commons do further 
otda n, order, and declare, That all Judges, Ju- 
ftices of the Peace, M..yors, ShcrifFs, Confhbles, 
and all Officers and Minifters, do take Notice 
hereof; and are hereby prohibited and difcharged, 
for all Time to come, from awarding any Writ, 
Procefs, Summons, or Citation, or from pro- 
nouncing or executing any Judgment, Sentence 
or Decree, or any Way proceeding againft, or 
moleftin j; any of the faid Members of the two 
H>)u!es of Parliament, or againft any of the 
Subjects of this Kingdom for any the Caufts 

To fb.ew the Scots Nation that the Englijh Par- 
liament were in perfect Amity and Friendship with 
them, anothei Ordinance was alfo read and agreed 
to on this Day; which, with the fubfequent one, 
we give from the fame Authority as the foregoing. 

An ORDINANCE concerning the Treaties between 
the Kingdoms of England and Scotland. 

*T^HE Lords and Commons aflembled in Another mn- 
1 Parliament, to teftify their Defires *M t JS"jjJ'i 

theLei?ue and Union between the Kingdoms of t j* Kingdom*, 
England and Scotland may be firmly kept and 
prcfcrveJ, have declared, ordered, and ordained, 
and do hereby declare, order, and ordain, That 
the Large Treaty pafled between the Kingdoms, 
the late Treaty for the Coming of the Scots Ar- 
my ;nto England, and the fettling of the Gurrifon 


.In. 22 Or. ! 

ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

at Berwick, of the 2Qth of November, 1643, 
and the Treaty cocerning Ireland, of the 6th 
of Auguft, 1642, for bringing 10,000 Scots into 
the Province of UIJter, in Ireland, with all their 
Ordinances and Proceedings patted between the 
two Kingdoms, and whereunto they are obliged 
by the aforefaid Treaties ; and all and every Ar- 
ticle and Claufe therein contained, (hall be, and 
are hereby, ratified, and {hall, for all Time to 
come, be inviolably kept and obferved according 
to the true Intent and Meaning therein exprefled.' 

An ORDINANCE concerning the CeJTation of Arms 
in Ireland, and Grant! under the Great Seal of 

XlH"Hereas the War in Ireland hath been 
maintained at the Charge of the Sub- 
jects of this Kingdom of England, and not of his 
Majefty; yet, (without Confent or Privity of 
the Lords and Commons in Parliament) by 
Commiflion or other Authority derived from the 
King, a Ceflation of Arms hath been made with 
the bloody Rebels in Ireland, after the Effufion 
of fo much innocent Blood, and Slaughter of 
above 100,000 Proteftants, Men, Women, and 
Children; whereby thofe Rebels have received 
great Encouragement, and are the better enabled 
wholly to extirpate the Proteftants remaining) 
and to endanger this Kingdom: 
' The Lords and Commons afiembled in Par- 
liament do hereby declare and ordain, That the 
faid Ceflation ofArms in the Kingdom of Ireland, 
and all Treaties and Conclufions of Peace with 
the faid Irijh Rebels, made or to be made by the 
King, or by any Authority derived from him, 
without Confent of the Houfes of Parliament, are 
void and of none Effe<r; and all Governors, 
Commanders, Officers, and Miniftcrs within the 
Kingdom of Ireland are to take Notice hereof, 
and accordingly to demean themfelves in their 
rsfpcdtive Charge?. 

< And 

of E N G L A N D. 221 

* And the faid Lords and Commons do farther An. a* Car. ! 
declare, order, and ordain, That all Grants of Of- , ' V~ , ' 
fices, Lands, Tenements, or Hereditaments, made December. 
or patted under the Great Seal of England unto 
any Perfon or Perfons, Bodies Politic or Cor- 
porate, fmce the Ceflation made in Ireland, the 
I5th Day of December, 1643, are and fhall be 
null and void ; and that all Honours and Titles 
in the faid Kingdom of Ireland, conferred on any 
Perfon or Perfons fmce the faid Ceflation, (hall 
be null and void.' 

Dec. 19. This Day both Houfes received a 
Petition, intituled, 'The Humble Petition of the 
Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City 
of London, in Common Council ajjembled ; to which 
was annexed, An Humble Representation of the 
prejjing Grievances, and important Deftres of the 
well-affefled Freemen, and Covenant -engaged Citi- 
zens of the City 0^" London. 

And firft that from the City, in their Corporate 
Capacity, as prefented to the Commons : 

' HTHE loud and unanimous Cry of manyA Petition to the 
' Thoufands of our Fellow Citizens, as well pa rl'*mnt from 

1 as our own Senfe and Fellow-feeling, hath obli-jJj^J^JJjJ* 
ged us to make this prefent Intcrpofition amongftcouncil of Lon- 
' other your public and weighty Affairs. We do don for di/band- 
' in the annexed humbly offer unto you their ownr n8 f the . Arniy '. 

, ,,, . jr rr i_ r /-\-/v removing o: 

* Words and Expreffions, with fome Omiflionspreaching sol- 

* and a few Alterations, as they were delivered un-^ 6 "* & < 

* to us by a great Number of confiderable Citizens 
4 of known Worth, and of approved Integrity to 
' the Parliament j that this Honourable Houfe 

* may the more clearly fee the deep Senfe they 

* have of the growing Miferies and increafing Di- 

* ftra&ions of thefe Times. \_(a] The chief Matter 

* thereof is the fame with our late Addrefles, which 


(a) In the Petition to the Lords this Paflage runt thus, ' The 

* rfiief Matter thereof is the fame with our late Addrefles, unto 

* which we humbly hope your LwdAips will ftill find the fame 


222 7/S? Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 21 Car. I. we humbly hope and pray may incline this Ho- 
nourable Houfe to refolve upon fome fpeedy Re- 
medy, now you hear the Giefs and Fears of 
the Generality of this City to be ftill the fame 
with thofe, which we, the Reprelehtative Body 
thereof, then tendered unto you:] The Obliga- 
tion that lies upon us to them, the Duty we owe 
to the Parliament, and the Ihtereft the City hath 
in the Peace of the whole Kingdom, would not 
permit us either to reject their Petitions, or to 
conceal their Grievances from you ; neither yet 
can we ourfelves but both own their Griefs and 
Fears, and fo humbly join with them in the fame 

6 But to thofe Reafons, in which we have con- 
curred with our faid Fellow Cit'zehs, for the 
more fpeedy difbanding of the Army among 
others, which hath in the Sight of the Kingdom, 
by God's Bleffins;, obtained fo many fignal Vic- 
tories ; we humbly crave Leave, That aS we de- 
tract not from their Merit, fo we may alfo add 
thus much, which is daily complained of, That 
there are fome Officers, and many common Sol- 
diers of that Army, who either have never taken 
the Covenant; or are difaffe&ed to the Church - 
Government held forth by the Parliament j that 
the Pulpits of divers godly Minifters are often 
ufurped by preaching Soldiers and others, who 
infec~t their Flock, and all Places where they 
come, with ftrange and dangerous Errors ; and 
then we humbly fubmit it to this Honourable 
Houfe to confider what Security or Settlement 
can be expected while they are Matters of fuch a 


Reafons to give your favourable Acceptance and noble Regard, 
as we humbly and thankfully acknowledge you readily /hewed 
unto the fame, when we tendered them unto ycur Lord/hips, as 
the Reprefentathe Body of the City alone.' The Obligation, &; 
The Reafon of which Variation feems to be owing to this Circum- 
fiance : When the City prcfemed a Remonftrance to both Houfe?, 
in Mat 1646, (which 'fee in Vol. XIV. p. 418, ft fey.) the Lords 
returned them their hearty Thanks for it ; but the Common's only 
gave for Anfwer, ' That they would take the fame into Confidera- 
' tion when Time fliould be convenient.' 

of E N G L A N D. 223 

* Power; and what Example, if not Encourage- An> *J ar> 

* ment, the People may take from them to rcfufe , ^ ^ 4 J 

* the Covenant, or, if they have taken it, to con- December. 

* temrt the fame, to the great Derogation of that 

* Church-Government which the Parliament hath 

* declared. We humbly hope that, although fuch 

* were difmifled, the Parliament, by their Autho- 

* rity, may otherwife, if Occafion require, fuffici- 

* entry provide for the Safety of the Kingdom. 

* But this great Work, as alfo that which is of 

* fo high Concernment to the cftablifhing of a per- 

* feet and well-grounded Peace, the bringing home 

* of his Majefty, we do humbly and wholly fubmit 

* and commit, next to the Almighty Hand of 
' God's Providence, unto the Wifdom of both 

* Houfes of Parliament; being confident that they 
1 will preferve and defend his Majefty's Royal Per- 

* fon and Authority, in the Prefervation and Dc- 

* fence of the true Religion and Liberties of the 
' Kingdom, the Covenant. 

* [(b) Wecould not alfo but join with our faidFel- 
' low Citizens in that which they defire concerning 
' the future Election of the Members of this Ho- 

* nourable Houfe ; and although we acknowledge 

* there can fcarcely be found a Parliament where 
' the Election of fome of the Members thereof 
' hath not been excepted againft ; yet we humbly 

* pray, thatj as to this Point, we may further de- 

* fire, That fuch Complaints as lye before this 

* Honourable Houfe, or the Committees thereof, 
' concerning undue Eleclioris, may, with all con- 

* venient Speed, b^ examined anJ determined.] 

4 To that alfo which concerns the Eltates of 

* Delinquents which are under Sequcllr.uion, or 
' are or {hall be either wholly confiscated, or ellc 
4 compounded for, v/e humbly defire Leave f> add 

* this Petition in Behalf of ourfelves, and many 
c Thoufands of our Fellow Citizens, and all others 
who have adhered to the Parliament, That all 

' juft 

(i) Th's Paragraph is omitted in the Petition a< prefcnted to 'he 
l/M-,1-; ; hut, exc'ptin this and the Inftance, the occ i'e- 
t'.tlua is an exafl Copy of chc other. 

2 24 7&? P*tUamext&y H r T o R v 

A0. az Car. I. e juft Debts may be firft paid and fatisfied; andtfli 

t l6 * 6 ' M ' that End, that no Committees of Sequeftration, or 

DeceinW. ' Sequeftrators, may interrupt juft Proceedings at 

' Liw for Recovery of fuch D.bts; and that the 

4 Heirs and Eftates of thofe who have died fince 

* thefe Wars on the Enemies Part, may be yet 
' liable to pay juft Debts, notwithftandingany En- 1 - 
' tails or Deeds in Truft made fince the Beginning 
4 of thefe general DiftradHons, which are conceived 
' to have been made purpofely to defeat the Credi- 

* tors : A ndbecaufe of the long Continuance of theft 
' Wars and Divifions, that the Statute may not be 
' pleaded to any Book Debt, for not being demanded 

* within fix Years fithence the Beginning of this 
' Parliament; otherwife there are none in the King- 

* dom like to fuffer more then the well-affe&ed, 

* and fuch as have adhered to the Parliament. 

* Laftly, we humbly conclude with this Petition 
4 in Behalf of this City, That as this Court, as 
' the Reprefentative Body of the City, hath hither- 
' to, by Authority of Parliament, had theNomi- 

* nation of the Perfons intruded with their Militia; 
' fo now alfo we may, by Ordinance of Parlia- 

* ment, be authorized to elel and chufe fit Per- 

* fons for that Charge once every Year, agreeable 

* to the Practice and Cuftom of the City in all 
' other chief Offices and Trufts concerning their 

* Government. 

' And now whatfoever Expreffion or Defires our 

* Cares and Fears have led us unto, or whatever 

* we or our Fellow Citizens have prefumed to take 

* Notice of or touch upon, we humbly, pray, both 
' for ourfelves and them, That this Honourable 
' Houfe will remit all to our and their great Zeal 
for God's Glory and the Peace of the Kingdom : 
' And that it may be remembred that we and they 

* are thofe whom you have with y ourfelves engaged 

* in one Covenant, to whom God hath given 
' Hearts, as well to adventure all for your Service 
' and Pfefervation, as to be ever thankful for the 
continual Protection^ and great Deliverances 

; a they 

of ENGLAND. 225 

they have received by Gods Blefling through An - ** Car. 
your conftant Endeavours, and whofe Hands , * * ' 
God hath ftrengthcned to fight his and your December. 
Battles : We do humbly aflurd this Honourable 
Houfe, that we and they have ftill the fame du- 
tiful Hearts, and that, inthefmcere Purfuariceof 
the folemn League and Covenant, no Intereft 
or Influence fhall, with the Blefling of God, be 
ever able to withdraw our Obedience, or divert 
our Affections, from the Parliament of England. 
We humbly fubmit all to your great Wifdoms, 
and fhall daily pray, &c.' 

To the foregoing Petition, as feparately pre- 
fented to the Lords and Commons, was annex'd 
the following Remonftrance, addrefTed jointly to 
both Houfes ; and intituled, An bumble Reprefenta- 
lion of the pf 'effing Grievances And important Dejires 
of the ivell-affetted Freemen and Covenant-engaged 

Citizens of the City of London. 
* y^vUT of our Zeal to 

God's Glory, fo ex- 

ceedingly profaned ; our Love td God's StcS, 

* Truth, fo wofully corrupted ; our compaflionate from the Free- 
Affeaion to our 'Brethren opprefled ; the grie- d la c 'J: 

* vous Calamities that lie upon ourfelves, and are zen "*'* " 

* ftill more and more growing upon us ; together 
' with the fad Fears which do daily poflefs and af- 
c flicl our Hearts, becaufe of divine Vengeance 

* and Difpleafure fo imminently impending over 
1 our Heads, and evert ready to feize upon Church 
4 and State ; we have been forced yet once again, in 
c the Difcharge of our Confciences, to take the 
c humble Boldnefs to pour forth into your Bofoms 

* the Sorrows of our Hearts, and to prefent unto 

* your Honours the conceived Caufes of our Mife- 

* rics ; trufting that, in your grave Wifdoms, you 
1 will both fee into them, and, in your Juftice, 

* give Remedy againft them : For who can fee 

* Religion, Laws, Liberties, (Things of fo great 

* and precious Concernment) not only aflaulted, 
but even overwhelmed ; and the Unity, Peace, 
c and Profperirv of the Kingdoms violated and al- 

VQL. XV. ' P moft 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

' moft deftroy'd j ahd, by a treacherous and coward - 
_ * ly Silence, continue to hold his Peace ? We can- 
December, *notj we dare not; the Oath of God with a Curfe 
' lies upon us, if we (hall fo bafely yield to a Spirit 
c of Indifferency and Neutrality in a Caufe which 
1 doth fo much concern God's Glory and the King- 

* dom's Good ; and (hall not (efpecially in fuch a 
' Time as this) zealoufly and conftantly, in our 

* Places and Callings, according to our Power, 
' apply our fmcereft Endeavours, notwithftanding 

* all Lets and Oppofitions, to promote the fame.. 

//>/?, ' It cannot but be acknowledged, moft 
' worthy Senators, that the Churches of God, in 
' Times of Reformation, have ever thought it the 
k fitted Seafon of all others, in fome extraordinary 

* Manner, to oblige themfelves unto Almighty 

* God; as the Divine Goodnefs hath put it into 
c your Hearts (according to the laudable Practice^ 
' upon all Occafions, of the moft Godly and religi- 
' ous Governors) to ftrike a folemn Covenant with 

* him ; and, by your Authority, to enjoin the fame 

* to the Kingdoms, for the Reformation and De^ 
c fence of Religion, Laws, Liberties ; as an excel- 
c lent Means to acquire the favour of God, and 

* the uniting and ftrengthening of the three King- 

* doms of England, Scotland^ and Ireland^ againft 
c the common Enemies of the true Reformed Reli- 

* gion, Peace and Profperity of the Kingdoms ; to 
' the apparent Manifeftation of your moft Chriftian 
c Zeal and Piety to God and to his Truth : Where - 
' fore we cannot here but make our fad Complaint 
' unto your Honours, in the Expreffion of our 

* deepeft Senfe of that great Difhonour which is 

* done unto the heavenly Majefty in the moft hor- 

* rible Slighting and treacherous Infringement of 

* this moft facred Oath, and that bold Contempt 

* which is offered at this Day to the Authority of 
' this renowneAParliament in this their fo relicious 

* Undertaking !itd Injunction ; on the one Part, 
by thofe that altogether refufe to enter into this 
c holy Covenant of God and the Kingdoms ; and, 

* on the other Pait, by them which declaim againft 

~ it, 

of N G L A N D. 227 

1 it, and caft difgraceful Afperfions upon it j that An. a* Car. I. 

4 we cannot look at thefe Perfons (whatfoevef their ^ 6 * ' , 

' Pretences be) as any other than either malignant De cembcr. 
' Enemies td the Parliament, or the Peace and 
' Union of the Kingdoms, and the Reformation 

* of Religion ; nor can we promife to ourfelves any 
' Security fd long as they are fuffered, undifco- 

* vered or unpuniflied, to live amongft us : We 
therefore make it our humble Prayer unto your 

* Honours, that you would be pleafed, as in your 

* pious Wifdoms you {hall think fit, to find 
' out and appoint fuch Ways or Means to difcover 

* and bring fo great Mifdoers and Offenders againft 
c God and your Authority to condign Punifhment, 

* as may be moft agreeable to the Merit of their 

* fo crying Offences : And that as you have long 
' fmce enjoined, by Ordinance of Parliament, the 

* taking of this facred Covenant, (which, notwith- 

* {landing, is not yet done in many Places of this 

* Kingdom) fo you would countenance a,nd defend 

* it inviolable from Neglect, Infringement, Scorn, 

* and Defamation ; and, by your civil Sanction, 

* effectually impofe it to be fworn by all, without 
' Exception, under feme certain Penalty, as beft 

* mall feem unto your Honours, to be duly inflict - 
' ed, by your religious Juftice, upon the wilful 

* Contemners of the fame. And here give us 
' Leave, in all Humility, to offer what feems to 
' us both juft and necefTary, That fuch Perfons as 
' have not taken, or mail not take, the Solemn 
League and Covenant; or, having taken it, are 
' manifeftly difaffecled to the Ends therein expref- 

* fed, efpecially in point of Religion, may not be 

* countenanced, employed in, or advanced to, 

* Places of public Truftj as being a Difcredit to 

* your Government, dangerous to the Kingdoms, 
' and a Hindrance to the Reformation of Reli- 
' gion. By fo doing you (hall preferve this great 
' Oath of our God from Contempt and Violation; 

* a Sin which we humbly conceive is the chiefeft 

* Caufe of moft of thofe Miferics and Calamities 
' that God's juft Hand hath brought upon us. 

P 2 Second- 

S 2 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 Car. I. Secondly, When you did at firft conclude upon 

l646 ' , e that facred Covenant, (wherein now you have 

December. ' folemnly engaged both yourfelves and us) how 

' glad were the Hearts of all the faithful in the 

* Land, and what rejoicing was there at the Oath, 

* as in the Days of Afa ! We hdped then that our 
'Religion (more precious than our Lives, which 

* was that the truly Godly had chiefly in their Eye) 

* had been fo fecured, that all the Malice, Power, 
' and Policy both of Men and Devils fhould never 
' have been able to overturn the fame ; but, with 

* bleeding Hearts we fpeak it; how is it that, for 

* all this, fuch an Inundation of Errors, Schifms, 

* Herefie's, is broken in upon us ? which, if not 

* fpeedily prevented by your Wifdoms, and op- 

* pofed by your impartial Juftice, ive fear will 

* have 'ts dreadful Effect, to the total Subveffion of 

* the Power of Godlinefs* We are even ftrucfc 

* with Aftonifhment, that, after fuch a Covenant, 

* there fhould be fuch Blafphemies uttered to God's 
' higheft Difhonour ; that fuch heretical Opinior 

* fhould be broached, to the never-fo-much vil 

* f/ing of the Truth i that fuch Schifms fhould 

c acted and fomented, to the renting and dividing 
' of the Church ; that the Government eftablifhed 

* fhould be fo much defamed and oppofed, to the 

* Cont.mptbf the Parliament, in Words, in Books, 
' in Prjctice, by the Sectaries of thefe Times, who 

* yet feem as Men under Sanctuary, finding no- 

* th : nj done Untb them for thehinderihg of thefc 
e Mifchiefs, or the Punifhment of thefe Enormi- 

* ties. God hath done great things for Us, and! 

* hath fhewed us great Salvation as at this Day ; 

* then Woe be to us if thefe be our Returns for fo 

* great Bleffings. Trufty and right worthy Pa- 
' triots, we know not whither to go in thefe our 
4 fad Diftempers but unto you, whom God and 

* this Kingdom hath betrufted with what is mofE 
' precious unto him, and deireft unto us, the Pro- 

* teb'on of Religion, the preferving of it in Doc- 
' trine pure, and in Difcipline from Contempt and 
fl Scorn j nnd is that for which above all Things elfe. 

4 we 



of E N G L A N D. 229 

* we befeech your Honours again and again. Here An - * Cr. 

* we would lay the Strefs of our Defires, and ex- > 'f* 6 ' ^ 

* prefs the Urgency of our AfFe&ions ; we think December" 

* we can never fay enough for our God and for his 

* Truth. What arc our Eftates, our Liberties, 
4 our Lives unto us. if the Ark of God betaken I 
4 If that be gone, the Glory, yea the Life, of our 
' Lives is departed from England. We tremble to 
4 think, if a Remedy be not fuddenly applied, what 
4 will be the Iflue of thefe Things : Wherefore 

* our humble Defires are renewed to your Honours, 

* That you would be pleafed to give Authority to 

* fupprefs all fuch from public Preaching as have 
c not duly been ordained, whereby their Gifts for 

* theMiniftry, and their Soundnefs in the Faith, 
4 might be evinced ; as alfo feparate Congregations, 

* the very Nurferies of all damnable Herefies : 
4 That an Ordinance be made for fome exemplary 

* Puniftiment to be inflicted upon Hereticks and 

* Schifmaticks ; that your utter Did ike of them 
4 and their Proceedings may be manifeft to all the 
4 World, which had been made long fmcc to ap- 

* pear by a well-fettled Reformation, had not his 

* Majefty denied his Confent to the Bill for the 

* Aflembly, fo often prefented unto him by both 

* Houfes, according to your own Declaration, in 

* Anfwer to his Majefty, of the twenty-fccond of 
4 October 1642. 

4 And that all godly and orthodox Minifters, who 

* labour in God's Hufbandry, may have Encou- 
4 ragement ; and fome Courfe be thought upon in 
' your Wifdoms for their competent Maintenance, 
4 the Lord having fo ordained, that they who 
' preach the Gofpcl (hould live of the Gofpel : Sp 
4 mail Religion flourim, the Wrath of God Ue 
4 averted, the Lips of the Juft (hall blefs you, and 
4 a gracious Recompence of Reward from God's 
' moft bounteous Hand fhall furelyvvait upon you. 

Thirdly, 4 And forafmuch as the Welfare anil 
4 Safety of this Kingdom doth, next under God, 
4 in the Prefervation of true Religion, depend upoji 

* the fundamental Conftitutions of the fame, and 

P 3 -*thc 

230 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ^L Car. I. c t h e Maintenance thereof; which fundamental 

l6 ^ t * Conftitutions do rr.oft eminently appear in the 

December. ' Calling of that great Council the Parliament, 
4 and in electing Members for the fame, wherein 
* moft confpicuoufly doth fhine the Liberty and 
Property of the Subject : Here we can do no lefs 
than make it our hearty Prayer unto your Ho- 
4 ncurs, that you would be pleafed to give ftricl 
4 Orders that Writs for a free Election, without 

* Delay, be ifiucd to all Places where ^Cnights and 
4 BurgelTes for Parliament are yet to be chofen ; 

* and to provide that the People be not prejudiced 

* in their free Choice, either by Force, Fear, Let- 
4 ters, Promifes, or Solicitations of any ; that the 
' Subjects Liberties being defended and preferved, 

* they may be encouraged and better enabled to, 
' ferve your Honours and the Public. 

Fourthly, 'And here we do not omit to hint 
*- unto your Honours the exorbitant Practices of 
4 many Committees and Committee-Men who 
4 have fuch an Influence by means of their Autho- 

* rity upon the People, they being at their Wills 

* and in their Power to do them a Difpleafure, 
4 that they dare not do otherwile than obey their 1 

* unlawful Commands, without the inevitable Ha- 
4 zard of their Peace and Safety; through which 
4 Means Tyranny is exercifed by one Fellow Sub- 

* ject upon another, and Juftice and Equity can- 
4 not enter. The Cries of all Sorts of iPeople 
4 throughout the Land ar grown fo loud againft 

* the People of this Vocation and Profeflion, by 
4 reafon of thofe grievous Oppreffions that are con- 
4 tinually a!ed by them, that, in Tendernefs of 

* Affection towards our Brethren, not being igno- 
4 rant or infenfible of our own Sufferings on this 
4 K-rd, and the great Dishonour accruing to the 
4 Parliament thereby, we cannot but be earn- 
4 eft Suitors to your Mercy and Juftice^ that fuch 
4 may be diffolvec). 

Fifthly. * The God of your Salvation, through 

* the timcous Helpof his willing People, hath now 

* expelled your Adverfarics j and brought us fafe 

4 "* through 

^ENGLAND. 231 

through the Hed Sea of our Fears and Troubles, An. Car. I. 
' to the Borders of that fweet Canaan of our defired . ' 4 ' , 
c Peace ; and what now remains, moft worthy December, 

* Patriots, but that, in Thankfulnefs to God for his 

* Mercy, and in grateful Acknowledgment of the 

* loving AfFe&tonsof his People in their fo chear- 
' ful A J ventures in the Caufe of God and the 

* Kingdom, the heavy Yokes ihould be loofed 
' to which they fo readily did fubmit their Necks ; 

* nay, defired you to put upon them for your Secu- 
' rity and the Kingdom's Weal : This there- 
' fore is our humble Requeft that, the Enemy be* 

* ing now fubd.ued, the Armies may be difbanded ; 

* that the fo much complained of Oppreffions bjp 
1 their Means may be redrefled ; the Taxes for their 

* Support may be releafed ; and the Militia of the 

* Kingdom fettled : So fhall you make it appear, to 
( . the Shame of flanderous Tongues, that this War 
' hath not been intended as a Trade, but as a 

* Means of regaining our loft Peace ; and that you 
' had no other Defign in Profecution of the famlj, 

* than the fecuring of our Religion, Laws, and Li- 
' bcrties, fo defperately invaded by tyrannical Op- 
preflbrs ; and fhall endear the Affections of this 

* People to you for your future Affiftance, when, 
' in a Time of need, their Help fhall be required, 

* and they will boccme yours and the Kingdom's 

* Servants for ever. 

Sixthly, ' And now fince God hath holpen us 
6 in our Diftrefs, it will not be an unacceptable 

* Service unto him, that we (hould put forth the 

* Bowels of our Companions to our diftrefled Bre- 
4 thren, as being the moft kindly Fruits of God's 
' merciful dealing with ourfelves ; and what an 
Objea is. Ireland for this Purpofe ? Moft Noble 
4 Senators, fince God hnth (hewn you his Mercy 
* in fubduing your Enemies here, let us be your 
4 earned Petitioners ror gafping dying Ireland, in 
' this their great Extremity ; for in Thoughts of 

* their Calamities our Bowels are rolled within us ; 
' never did their Neceffities call louder to your 
Mercy than now they do. 

P Seventh 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Seventhly, ' And certainly one fingular Means 
' to procure fo great a Bleffing, muft needs be the 
' firm and eftablifhed Union of thefe Kingdoms 

* according to our Covenant : In which Refpect 

* we canno t but, with forrowful and perplexed 
' Hearts, rcfent the hellifh Devices of malignant, 
' factious, and feditious Spirits, who make it their 
( daily Practice, and furely would rejoice in it as 

* their Mafter-piece, if they could once effect to 
4 divide thefe Kingdoms of England and Scotland t 
4 fo firmly conjoined by a blefled, and, we hope, 
' everlarting Union; Therefore we return again 

* unto your Juftice, that, according to our Cove*- 
' nant, condign Punimment may be inflicted upon 

* fuch Firebrands, the greateft Enemies to Church 

* and State \ and that your Honours would readily 

* apply all tendered Care in your moft faithful and 

* diligent Endeavours for the SVeferyation of thaf 

* happy Union by folemn League of thefe two 

* Kingdoms, which is fo much the Envy of our 

* Enemies, the Strength and Glory of Great Bri- 

* tain., and the greateft Security of our Religion, 
c Peace, and Profperity. 

Eighthly, f And whereas the Hand of the Al- 

* mighty hath fo eminently appeared on your Side, 

* that your Enemies are fallen under you, and hath 

* given the Troublcrs of yours and the Kingdom's 

* Peace into your Hands ; we do befeech that, 
' according to the feveral Qualities of their Delin- 

* quencies, your Juftice may go forth againft them 

* with fpecdy Execution. And withall, that now 
c you would be fo mindful of your great Engagc- 

* ments, in the full and effectual Difcharg'e of the 
4 Kingdom's Debts, (who have {hewed themfelvis 
' fuch free Contributors, and alfo f.ave been fuch 

* extreme Sufferers for your Affiftance in the King- 

* dom's Caufe) as to provide that a faithful Im- 
4 provemem of the Eftatcs if thefe notorious Ene- 
' mies of the Kingdom may be made, by arighf 

* Converficn of them unto public Ufe : And that 

* thofe Streams of Wealth, which daily arcfloVing 
' in by Compofitbns of Delinquents, may, accoid- 

of E N G L A N D. 233 

f ing to your folemn Promifes, run in the right An - ** 6 Car - ' 

* Channel; and return back into that Ocean whence, t ' * _'_ , 
' at yourpefire, they did fo freely iffue forth (e}. December. 

4 And whereas, in your Wifdoms, your Honours 
' have made fo good Provifion that Men of E- 
4 itatcs and Fortunes in the World may be repaid 
' their Difburfements upon the Loan of fo much 

* more, as by your Ordinance for the Sale of Bi-. 

* (hops Lands doth more fully appear ; we do in- 

* treat that you would pleafe to take into your fur- 

* ther Confide ration thofe well-affected Perfons, 
1 who have fo freely and fully laid out themfelves, 

* as that they have not been able to make that 

* Addition required ii) the aforefaid Ordinance} 

* but muft now be forced, for the Relief of their 

* great Necefiities, to fell, at great Lofs, their very 

* Principal lent upon the Public Faith, to their 
' great Difcouragementand Difcontent; which we 

* fear may prove no fmall Impediment to your 
' future AHilrance, if Need thereof be, unlefs Re- 
4 medy herein, fhall, by your Honours, be provided. 

Ninthly, * And for protections, we need fay 

* little, fo much having been faid before in our 
f Remonftrance, that we hope your Honours are 

* fenfible of the Sufferings of thofe Creditors who 
4 have great Sums of Money owing by fome of 

* your Members; and of the Injuftice of thofe a- 
' mongthem, that have Eftates to fatisfy thcirEn- 

* gagcments, yet will not, but ftand upon their 
' Privilege; as there needs no other Argument to 

* move your Honours to do us Juftice in this Be- 
< half. ' 

Tentblj) <> And becaufe, alfo, we are obliged to 
4 endeavour the Prefervation of the Liberties of 

4 the 

(r) All the latter End of this Year the Commons had fpcnt mary 
Days in fettling Compofitiom, and granting Pardons to thofe unhappy 
Pcrfons called Delinquent}, the Amount of all which fevcral Sums 
fo raifcd, muft have been very great: And againft thofe who had no 
vifible Eftates, they pafled a very levere Vote, ' That fuch Delin- 
quents fhou Id be difabled from following any Practice in the Law, 
Common or Civil j or from holding or exercifing any Office in the 
Church or Commonwealth, without the Ccnfent of toth Hcufes pf 


Ao, az Car. I 



The Parliamentary HISTORY 

the Kingdom; therefore, that we may perform 
our Engagements, as to God and you, fo like- 
wifeto the Subjects of the Kingdom, whofe Suf- 
ferings in Matters that concern their Rights are 
our own ; we hold ourfelves bound, in all Hu- 
mility, to fignify unto your Honours, that, con- 
trary to the Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, 
on Friday Evening, the fourth of this Month, 
there was an illegal Warrant ficncd by Sir Wil- 
liam Strickland^ ferved upon three of our Fellow- 
Subjects, and Fellow-Citizens, by Name, Pa- 
trick Bamford, Nicholas Widmerpcole, Valentine 
/>*, to be taken into Cuftody, and committed 
to a Serjeant of Arms; which Thing was alfo 
done contrary to the Order of that Honourable 
Houfe, as by fome of the Committee themfelves 
was acknowledged. Wherefore we c'o humbly 
pray, That the aforefaid Warrant, with the 
Manner of its ifluing forth, may be taken into 
your ferious Confideration, for the Vindication 
of the Honour of the Parliament, which is here- 
in fo much concerned, and Maintenance of the 
Subjects Liberty ; and to make fuch Reparations 
to the Perfons wronged, as may ftand with Ju- 
ftice, and in your Wifdoms fhall feem fit. 
4 And now, renowned Worthies, we truft that, 
in your wonted Goodnefs, you will not entertain 
any Mifconceptions of us for that we have en- 
deavoured to be a little more pathetick and pref- 
iing in our Phrafe cf Speech than heretofore : 
But that, in your Wifdoms, you will throughly 
weigh our Fears and Sorrows, with our prefling 
Burdens, which have even forced us, againft 
our Wills, to thefe Expreflions ; and that looking 
upon the fmcere Affections of your Petitioners, 
you will pleafe to make fo benign an Interpreta- 
tion of what we have here represented, in the Ur- 
gency of our afflicted Spirits, as not to think we 
had the leaft Aim to reflect upon the Honour of 
this famous Parliament. But that the Senfe of 
our Miferies, in our approaching Dangers, might 
ftand more confpicuoufly before your Eyes ; and, 

*f ENGLAND. 235 

* as by the moft forcible Argument we could think An. =a Car- I 
4 upon, effectually to move your Honours, the 

4 great Phyficians of our Church and State, to ap- 

* Pty y ur m ft feafonable and fpeedy Help. The 
{ Glory of God, the Safety of our Religion and 

* Liberties, and the Kingdom's Welfare, is that 
' we level at in this our Undertaking. If through 

* your favourable Acceptation of thefe our humble 
' Addrefles, we may obtain the Security of thefe, 
4 we have pur utmoft Aim; and you (hall be 

* called the Repairers of the Breaches; the Re- 
1 ftorers of I'aths to dwell in; you fhall raife Mo> 
c numents of your eternal Praifgs ; the Churches 
f of God {hall call you bleffed; and you (hall for- 
c ever engage us not to think our Eftates or Lives 

* too dear to ferve your Honours and the Public 
' fo long as we have Breath and Being.' 

The Lords having read the foregoing Petition 
and Reprefentation, ordered the Citizens to be 
calPd in again; when the Earl of Manckejler ad- 
drefs'd himfelf to them in thefe Words : 


e "T^HE Lords are fo fully fatisfied with the 
4 JL conftant and real Expreflions of the Fide- 
lity and good Affe<Siions of the Lord Mayor, Al- 

* dermen, Common Council, and Citizens of the 
4 City of London, as they have commanded me to 

* give hearty Thanks upon the whole Matter of 
' the Petitions prefented by you from the Lord 

* Mayor, Aldermen, Common Council, and Ci- 

* tizens of the City of London; and to let you 
4 know that they will take the Particulars of your 

* Petitions into their fpeedy Confideration.' 

After which their Lordfhips ordered the Petition For w h; t h they 
and Reprefentation, with their Anfwer, to be pub- receive the 
lifhed by the City Printer (d}. Thanks of ^ 

The Speaker of the Houfc of Commons alfo, H 
by their Order, gave the Petitioners Thanks for 


(d) Neither this Petition nor Reprefentation being entered in the 
Journals, they arc copied from the Edition printed by Order of the 
Houfc of Lord*, by Ricbard C.:c:. 

tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

r their conftant good Affections; and acquainted 
them, That haying read their Petition and Repre- 

. fentation annexed, they had appointed a very fhort 
Day to take them into Confideration. Accord- 


Dec. 22. A Motion being made, That this Pe- 
tition from the City, and the Repretentation an- 
nex'd, fhould be taken into Confideration, in 
courfe as they lie, it was carried in the Affirma- 
tive by 156 Voices againft 99: In purfuance of 
which we lind that the Commons, afterwards, em- 
ploy'd feveral Days upon this Subject; but nothing 
was done effectually therein; which was probably 
owing to the increafing Intereft of the Independent 
Party in that f}oufe. 

The Treaty which had been long depending be- 
TheTretycon- tween the Commillioners of both Nations, about 
mng the ^ e p ayment o f t h e ftjpulated Sums of Money to 

Xwcnerana . or L-\ L-'f- 

Time o*" the the Sto/j, fpr thetr Army s evacuating this King- 
of the dom ; antl which had gone through great Altera- 

1 ' 0118 in both Houfes > was at length fully fettled 
and figned by the Engtijh and Scots Commiflioners : 
But, previoufly to tr^e Execution thereof, the'Com- 
mons had refolved, That after the Payment of the 
firfl 100,000 /. tothe&-0fj, their Army (hould not 
require or take any Money or Goods whatfoever 
from the Country; but pay for all fuch Provifions 
93 they {hould receive. 

Thefe Articles, which are not printed in any of 
the Colleftions of the Times, ftand thus in the 
"Journals of both Houfes. 

ARTICLES of AGREEMENT between Committees of 
Lords and Commons of the Par liament ^/"England 
and Commijjloners of the Parliament of Scotland^ 
authorized thereunto by the Parliaments of eaef) 
Kingdom refpeflively. 

I. * | " HAT 400,000 /. bepaid to the Kingdom 
4 J[ of Scotland^ in Manner hereafter exprefs'd, 

* for the Pay of their Army brought into the King- 

* dom of Enriandtoi the Afliftance of this Kingdom, 



* and of their Forces that came into the Garrifori 

* of Berwick, by virtue of the Treaties between the 
' two Kingdoms of the agth of November 1643; 
' and for due Recompcnce and full Satisfaction for 
4 all the Pains, Hazard, and Charges which they 
' have undergone, and for whatfoever other Sums 

* of Money or Recompence the Kingdom of Scet- 
4 /0^can claim of the Kingdom of England^ by 
4 virtue of the faid Treaties.' 

II. That the 200,000 /. now ready, Part of the 
4 faid 400,000 /. fhall be forthwith fent to the City 

* of To i 'k, and (hall there forthwith be told by the 
f Trcafurers in whofe Cuftody the Money now is, or 

* by fuch as they, or any two of them, fhall appoint ; 

* and by fuch as fhall be appointed by the King- 
e dom of Scotland^ or by Sir Adam Hepburne^ Trea- 
4 furer of the Scots Army, or his Deputies, except 
4 I2,ooo/. Part thereof, which, at the Dcfirc of 
4 the Scots Commiflioners, is referved to be paid 
4 here in London, and is accepted for fo much of 
' the firft 1 00,000 /. appointed to be paid at North- 
4 aUerton-y the which 1 2,000 /. the faid Scots Com- 

* mifiioners have Power to receive here in Manner 
' as aforefaid, and to difcharge the Kingdom of 

* England thereof. 

III. * That the firft ioo,coo/. except the Sum 
4 of I2,0oo/. before excepted, fhall be told within 
fix Days after the Arrival of the faid Money at 
Tori, and the fecond JCO,OOQ/. within fix Days 

* after that. 

IV. 4 That the Money, fo told as aforefaid, 

* {hall be fealed up in the fcveral Bags, each to 

* contain ioo/. by the Seal of both Parties ap- 

* pointed as aforefaid to tell the fame ; and (hall 

* be forthwith put into Chefts, icoo/. in each 
Chcft, and the faid Chefts alfo fealed up by the 
aforefaid Perfons appointed to tell the faid 'i\lo- 
4 ney. 

V. 4 That the faid Perfons appointed by the 
4 Kingdom of Scotland to tell the faid Monc-y dial) 
l . continue with the fame, to fee, that there iliali be 

2 3 8 The Parliamentary H i s T o R r 

za Car. I. no Alteration made thereof after the Telling aftd 

l6 4 6 ' f Sealing the fame as aforefaid. 

^Jjber. VI. * That within five Days afterthe 2oo,000/. 

* is told at Tort, 100,000 /. thereof (hall be paid 
1 at Northallerton to Sir ^&#z Hepburne or his 

* Deputies, or to fuch others as by the Kingdom 

* of Scotland {hall be appointed to receive the fame, 

4 except only the i2,ooo/. referved to be paid in 

* London as aforefaid. 

VII. That the Delivery of 100 Chefts of Mo- 
' ney, or of 1000 Bags, fo as aforefaid fealed up, 

* to the Perfons mentioned in the foregoing Ar- 

* tide, except before excepted, fhall be, and be 

* accounted, the Payment of the faid 1 00,000 /. 

* and Acquittances are thereupon to be given for 
' the fame to the faid Treafurers for their Dif- 

* charge, by Sir Adam Hepburne^ or his Deputies, 
4 or any other authorized by the Kingdom of Scot- 
1 land. 

VIII. * That when the faid ieb,coo/. except 

* before excepted, is come to Ttycliffe in the 

* County of York, and before it pafs any further 

* towards Northallerton for the Payment of the 

* fame as aforefaid, the Kingdom of Scotland (hall 

* there deliver Hoftages; Sir Walter Riddcll^ Knt. 
' George Hutne, of Redder burn, Efq ; Sir Patrick 

* Mackegie^ Knt. Alexander Strachan, of Thorne- 
4 ton, Efq; Sir James Wood,, Knt. Sir "James Lumf- 

* den, younger, Knt. Sir Arthur Forbes^ Knt. 

* Thomas Craig , of Rickarton^ Eiq; Sir William 
.for, Knt. Robert Douglas, of Tilly -Whilley^ Efq; 
< Col. John Welden; John LeJIty, of PitcapJe, Efq; 
c or any fix of them, for Allurance that the Scots 
' fhall quit all their Quarters, Pafles, and Garri- 

* fons on the South Side Tyne ; and fhall deliver up 

* to fuch Forces as both Houfes of the Parliament 

* of England, or fuch as fhall be by them autho- 

* rized, fhall appoint, all the aforefaid Places, to- 

* gether with all the Ordinance, Arms, and Am- 

* munition belonging to the Kingdom of England, 
' within ten Days titter the firft ico,ooc/. fhall be 

* paid 

tf ENGLAND. 239 

k paid as aforefcid ; and tor Aflurance that they fhall An - H*' 
x deliver up the Town of Newcaftlc, with the High i ---^. - J 
' Caftle in the fame; the Caftle otTinmoutb^ with December. 
4 all the Works belonging thereunto; the Spani/h 
Works, the Shields-Field Fort, and all other 

* Forts and Works on the North Side Tyne, together 

* withall Ordinance, Arms, and Ammunition there - 

* in, belonging to the Kinedom of England, unto 

* fuch Forces or Perfons as mall be appointed by 
4 both Houfes of the Parliament of England, or by 

* any by them thereunto authorized, to receive the 

* fame, when and at fuch Time as Notice is given 
' that the fecond 100,000 /. is come to the North 

* of the River of Tees, as is hereafter exprefied in 

* the tenth Article. 

IX. ' That within one Day after the Perform- 

* ance of all the Particulars mentioned in the 

* faid former Article, the faid Hoftages of the 

* Kingdom of Scotland {hall be again re-delivered 

* unto them, within half a Mile of the Works on 
4 the North Side ofNewcaflU. 

X. ' That after the Garrifons of Hartbpeol, 
c Stockton, Durham, and all other Garrifons, Quar- 
1 ters, and Pafles on the South Side of Tyne,-- arc 

* quitted by the Scots Army and Forces; and, af- 

* ter that all the faid Army and Forces are remo- 
' ved to the North Side of Tyne> which is to be 

* done in ten Days after the Payment of the firft 

* IOO,OOO/. as aforefaid, thr.t then the other 

* 1 00,000 /. fhall be brought to the North Side of 
' the River Tees. 

XL * That the fecond ioo,ooo/. being come 

* to the North Side of the faid River of 7t', upon 
1 Notice thereof given to the General or Com- 
' mander in Chief of the Scots Army, in Writing, 
' from him that commands the Convoy, they {hall 

* deliver up the Town of Ncwcajllc^ with the High 
4 Caftle in the fame ; the Caftle of Tinmauib, with 
c all the Works belonging thereunto; the Spani/h 
4 Works, the S/ju'tis-Fielf Fort y and all other Forxs 
c and Work? on the North Side Tym, ether than 

4 is 

An. iz Car. I 

The Parliamentary H I S T o Y 

is provided for in the i5th Article, together witji 
all Ordinance, Arms, and Ammunition therein, 
belonging to the Kingdom of England, unto fuch 
Forces or Perfons as fhall be appointed by both 
Houfes of the Parliament of England, or by any 
by them thereunto authorized to receive the fame. 

XII. ' That for the more fpeedy Delivery and 
Receiving the faid Towns of Neivcaftle and Caftle 
of Tinmouth,, tne faid Forces that are to be put 
into thofe Garrifons, are to march before the (aid 
Money and. Convoy. 

XIII. * That when the Sots Army and Forces 
are marching out of, and the Englijh Forces are 
entering into, Newca/lli and Tinmouth Caftle; 
and that there be 500 of the Garrifon appointed 
by both Houfes of Parliament entered into Ncw- 
cajlle, and not above 500 of the Scots Forces re- 
maining therein ; that then Sir IVilliam Seiby, of 

n the County of Northumberland, Knt. 
Ralph Delaval, of Scaton Delaval in the County 
oi Northumberland, Efq; Sir Edward Loftus, of 
Middleham in the County of Tork^ Vifcount Ely 
[tn the Kingdom of Ireland] ; Sir ThomaS Trollopp, 
in the County of Lincoln, Bart. Henry Mildmay, 
of Graces in the County of EJ/cx, Efq. Sir Rich* 
ard Eric, of Stragtethorpe in the County of Lin- 
coln, Bart. Sir Ralph Hare, of the County of Nor- 
folk, Bart, and Sir Lionel T'olmacbe, of the County 
of Suffolk, Bart, or any fix of them, {hall be given 
Hoftages by the Kingdom of England to the 
Kingdom of Scotland, for Aflurance that the latter 
i oo,0bo /. of the 2OO,oco/. (hall be paid unto the 
Kingdom of Scotland, on the North Side of the 
Works of Neivcu/ile, within a Mile of the faid 
Works, within fix Days after the Delivery of 
Tinmvuth Caftle, and Places aferefaiJ, 

in Manner aforefaid, to fuch Perfons, and in fuch 
Manner, as is expreffed in the fixth and feventh 
Articles for the Payment of the firft ioo,occ/. 
And Acquittances are thereupon to be given, as 
in the faid feventh Article is exprcfled. 

XIV. * That 

rf ENGLAND. $41 

XIV. 4 That upon the Delivery of the faid latter. An - c "> 1 ' 

* 1 00,000 /. of the 200,000 A the Hoftages of the ... ,? 6 *..'. , 

* Kingdom of England are forthwith to be re-deli- 
1 vered. 

XV. That upon the Coming of the latter 
' 1 00,060 /. oat of Newca/tle, Hoftages, as in the; 

* eighth Article^ (hall be delivered to the Kingdom 

* of England^ by the Kingdom of Scotland, for Af- 
4 furance that all the Scots Armies and Forces fiiall 
4 march out of the Kingdom of England within teii 

* Days after the Payment of the latter ico,ooo/. 

* That they will permit and fuffer that the Fortifica- 
4 tions of Berwick 2nd Carlijle may be flighted, ac- 

* cording to the Large Treaty and Treaty for Ber- 
4 wick, which (hall accordingly be flighted within 

* tea Days after Payment of thelaft 1 00,000 /. And 
that the faid Towns be quitted ; and all Ord- 

* nance, Arms and Ammunition therein, belonging 
4 to the Kingdom of England be, within the faid ten 

* Days, delivered unto fuch Perfons as (hall beap- 

* pointed by both Houfesof the Parliament of En- 
4 gland, or fuch as (hall be by them, or any autho* 
1 rized by them for that Purpofe, appointed td re- 

* ceive the fame ; who alfo are appointed to caufe 
and fee Berwick and Carlijle flighted in Manner as 

* aforefaid ; and are hereby authorized to call irt 

* the Aid of the Country for the doing thereof as 

* they (hall fee Caufe ; and likewife the Parliament 

* of Scotland, or any by them authorized, are to 
' appoint fuch Perfons as they (hall think fit to fee 

* this performed. 

XVI. That within four Days' after the Scoti 

* Army and Forces (hall be marched out of the 

* Kingdom of England, and the faid Garrifons of 
1 Berwick and Carlijle quitted as aforefaid, the Ho- 

* ftages of the Kingdom of Scotland (hall be re-ddi- 

* vered unto them. 

XVIL * That the Public Faith of the Kingdom 

* of England is hereby given for the Payment of 

* the latter 200,000 /. as is hereafter cxprefled ; 
4 That for the better Satisfaction and Security cf 
4 feme private Perfons of the Kingdom of Scotland, 

VOL. XV. Q, ' wfc? 

242 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

*'*6 s"' T w k nave ^vanced great Sums of Money, Prc- 

._ ' .* ' ' vifions and other NecefTaries during thefe Trou- 

feecibtr. ' bles, the Sum of 50,000 /. fhall be paid to the faid 

c Perfons, whofe Names are exprefTed in an Ordi- 

nance of both Houfes for that Efteft, at twelve 

Months after the Payment of the laft 1 00,000 /. 

* of the firft 200,000 /. out of the Receipts offuch 

* Monies as fhall come in and be received by Fines 

* and Compofitions made, and to be made, with 

* Papifts and Delinquents, or by Sale of Papifts 

* and Delinquents Eftates, according to the faid 
' Ordinance for that Erred : And that other 
' 5o,ooo/. fhall alfo be paid at the faid twelve 

* Months after the Payment of the laft ioc,OOO /. 
' of the firft 200,000 /. That the laft ioc,ooo /. of 

* the 400,000 /. (hall be paid within twelve Months 

* after that, viz. two Years after the Payment of 
4 the laft ioc,ooo/. of the firft 200,000 /. and that 

* out of fuch Ways and Means as both Houfes of 
1 Parliament fhall think fit.' 

Signed at Derby-Houfe in Weftminfter, the 2^d 

Day of December 1646. 














The Reader may obferve that there is not one 
Word about delivering up the Perfon of the King 
in all the foregoing Articles: But we find that, 
on the very fame Day they were finally concluded, 
the Lords went into a Debate on the following 
Queftions : 

i ' Whether 

of E N G L A N D. 243 

I Whether there (hall be a Committee ap- An - . *' 
pointed to confider of fome Declaration to be t * ' - 
offered to the Houfe, concerning the King's Co- Dccemlxr. 
ming to one of his Houfes ? 

2. ' Whether they (hould perufe a former Vote 
made on the 2ift of October laft (j ?' They were 
both carried in the Affirmative, and a Commit- 
tee of feven Lords were ordered accordingly. 

The fame Day alfo the faid Committee drew 
up the following Refolution, which, after reading, 
was agreed to \ 

' That the King, being now in England, it is The Lords re- 
refolved by the Lords in Parliament aflembled, folve that th* 

That he may come to Newmarket, there to re- Kin e ""? 5" 

..VIA ii- , to Newmarket, 

main with fuch Attendants about him as both 

Houfes of Parliament {hall appoint ; with refpeft 
had to the Safety and Prefervation of his Perfon in 
the Prefervation and Defence of the true Religion 
and Liberties of the Kingdom : And then the two 
Kingdoms are mutually to confider and determine 
what is neceflary to the common Peace , referving 
to each their Rights of Exercife of their refpe&ive 
Interefts in providing for their refpective Securities.* 

Mr. Ru/hwortb writes, ' That the Parliament 
of Scotland had for fome Time been fitting, and Refolutions of 
being, on the i6th of December, turned into a m 
Grand Committee, to confider touching the Dif- of him; 
pofal of his Majefty's Perfon, ii was refolved, That 
prefent Inftruclions fhould be fent to their Com- 
miflioners to prefs his Majefty's coming to London 
with Honour, Safety, and Freedom ; and that they 
Thould declare their Refolutions to maintain Mo- 
narchical Government in his Majefty's Perfon and 
Pofterity, and his juft Title to the Crown of Eng- 
land.' He adds, ' That thefe Refolutions gave 
the King's Friends there great Hopes, but the next 
Day all was darned again ; for then the following 
Warning was prefented to the Parliament from the 
Commiflion of the Kirk.' 

a* A 

(!>} S<ec this Vote on the Day mentioned, p. j$z. 

244- *& Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aa. aa Car. I. A SOLEMN and SEASONABLE WARNING to all 
t l646 '. J Eftates and Degrees of Perfom throughout the 
December. Land, by the ComnxJJtoncrs of the General AJJembly, 

Edinburgh, Dec. 17, 1646. 

* HP HE Conference of our Duty, and of the 

Sk^STthe * S reat Tru{ * re P fed ift us > faffertth US not 
General Aflem- ' to be filent, nor to connive at the prefent Dangers 
kly iffuing out a . hich may juftly be apprehended and expected 
warring to that from ^ Enemies of this Caufe and Covenant; 

* who although they cannot, in this Conjunclurecf 
' Time, appear in the fame ManneY as formerly 

* they have done, yet having detained the fame 
' Principles, (while they* feem to lay afide their 

* former Practices) do in a more covert and dan- 
' gerous Way ftill drive at their own Ends : And! 

* as Satan is neither fleeping nor idle, though he 
' appear not always as a roaring Lion ; fo fhefe 
4 who are infpired and acted by him, have their 

* Wheels flill moving, tho* fome Times they make- 

* no great Noife. Wherefore, that we may truly 

* and faithfully contribute what is incumbent on 

* us, for preventing or removing any Occafions of 
' new Troubles or Differences between the King 

* and his People, in both or either of thefe united 

* Kingdoms, or between the Kingdoms themfelves^ 

* and left the Church of Chrift, and the true Re- 

* formed Religion be again tofled with another, 
c and perhaps a greater, Tempeft in the Depth, af- 

* tcr we feemed to be near the Harbour, we have 
4 found it not only competent to our Place and 
1 Calling, but neceflary for us (according to for- 

* mer laudable Precedents both old and Tate) to 

* emit this new feafonable Warning to the People 

* of God in this Land, and to all Eftates and De- 
4 grees of Men therein ; whom we exhort, That 

* fifil, and above all Things, they apply their 
6 Thoughts to make Peace with God ; to take No- 

* tice of the remaining and renewed Tokens of 

* Divine Difpleafuie againft the Land; to tremble 

* at the Remembrance of former, and Appearances 

* of future Judgments j to lament after tie Lord ; 


of E N G L A N D. 245- 

* to lie low before the Throne of Grace; to cry An - a * c " 1 

* mightily to Heaven for difpdling that Cloud of 

* Sin which feparateth between our God and us ; 
' and for turning away that Cloud of Wrat'i which 
4 hangeth over our Heads. There is Caufe to be 

* humbled and to repent, as for all our Iniquities, 
' fo for the too little Affiftance which hath been. 
' given to fuch as have borne the heavieft Burden, 

* and fuffered moft in this Caufe j and for the too 

* much Compliance with, and Indulgence to many 

* who have been active in, the late execrable Re- 

* bellion. We know that none can reach the 
' Perfection of their Duty, neither will the Lord 

* reckon with his People according to his Juftice, 

* but fpare them who walk in the Integrity of 

* their Spirits, as a Man fpareth his own Son j fo 

* that they may rejoice in his Mercy, notwith- 
4 ftandingof their Short Comings, wherein they do 

* not allow themfelves; but wilful Neglects arc 

* juft Grounds of a great Controverfy on the Lord's 
' Part, and of deep Humiliation on ours : And we 
' conceive the Failings of many are fuch, becaufe 
' the Word of the Lord is a Burden unto them ; 
4 and though they walk in the Ways of their own. 
4 Heart, yet they fay they (hall have Peace. We 
' would have none that are thus guilty to count 
' light of it, and fay, Is it not a little one ? Every 

* Duty whereto we are obliged in the Covenant, 
' is of great Confequence, and Breaches even in 

* fmaller Things prove Inlets unto more grievous 

* Re vol tings. 

4 When we confider how many, who were once 
4 open Oppofers or fecret Underminers, being re- 
' ccived to the Covenant, yet remain difaffedted 

* to the Ends of the fame, we cannot but think 

* we wall; in the Midft of Snares, and that Myfte- 

* ries of Iniquity work amongft us, which may 

* produce moft fad and lamentable Effects, unto 

* the Prejudice of our Religion and Liberties. 

* Therefore, becaufe God hath no greater Qaar- 

* rel againft a Nation than that of a broken Cove- 

* nant i Jet all who fear an Oath remember the 

Q.3 Vows 

246 "The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An ' 16 6*' * ' ^ ows f God which are upon them, watch and 
, ' 4 ' , pray, and take good heed that they be not cheat- 
December. ' ed nor charmed into a Violation of all, or any, 
' of the Articles of that Sacred and Solemn League 

* and Covenant : And let thofe efpecially be obfer- 
c ved and avoiced, who do, or (hall, endeavour a 
' Diviiion and Breach between the Kingdoms, or 
' the making of any Fractions or Parties, contrary 
' to the Covenant, under pretence of preferving 
' the King and his Authority whilft they do not 
6 conftantly and fincerely profecute and prefs our 

* frequent Defires of his fubfcribing the League 
'and Covenant, and giving Satisfaction in all 
4 Things to the juft Defires of both Kingdoms ; 
' which underhand Dealing can prove nothing elfe 
c but an abufing of his Majefty for Men's own 
' Defigns. We wifli that none fuffer themfelves 

* to be deceived by any falfe Gloffes of the Cove- 

* nant, under which fome may poflibly urge the 

* keeping of it, fo as to draw us into a certain 
' Breach thereof; and prefs the Defence of the 
c King's Authority and of Religion, to engage us ia 
4 thofe Ways that would tend to. the Ruin of both. 
We are not now to prefs the Want of full Satis- 

* faction in the much-defired Work of Uniformity, 
' as' the Ground of a Breach between the two 
' Nations ; though we (till conceive this Nation, 
' will never be wanting to profecute that Work to 

* the utmoft of their Power in all lawful Ways, 
e according to the League and Covenant. 

' Thefe Kingdoms, after many fervent Suppli- 

* cations and faithful Endeavours of all the Lovers 

* of Truth and Peace, have been happily united 

* in a League and Covenant, which to this Day 
' hath been kept inviolably, notwithflanding of all 
' the Oppofition of open Enemies, and plotting 
' of 'fecretUnderminers; and we are confident that 
c none but-fuch as have Hearts full of Atheifm and 

* Treachery, will attempt the Violation thereof, 

* in -H'hol'c or in part; and that if any (hall do the 
fame, they fhall expofe themfelves rb the Curfeof 
' Almighty God, who will be avenged upon all 

' that 

ef E N G L A N D. 247 

r that fwear falfly by his Name. We know that An. ai Car. I. 
6 Men of perverfe Minds, wanting the Fear of lf) ^' M 
' God, and meafuring all Things by their own December 
' Ends, may conceive of it as alterable, or at leaft 

* that all the Claufes and Heads thereof are not fo 
' to be ftuck upon but that fome one or more may 

* be difpenfed with upon Civil Advantages : B ut 
' we have not fo learned Chrijl or bis Word : Both 
' Nations have covenanted with God, and each of 
' them with another, in Things moft lawful and 

* necefTary for the Preservation and Good of both, 
' without any Limitation of Time \ and therefore 
' we andour rofterity are obliged, before God, un- 

* to the Obfervation thereof as long as the Sun and 

* Moon fhall endure. The Senfe of thefe Things 
' ought to be fo deeply engraven upon the Hearts 

* of all that are in Truft, that as they fhould, from 
' their Souls, abhor every Thought of a Breach, 

* with England; fo fhould they carefully and 
' wifely ftudy to avoid every Thing that may prove 
' a Snare and Temptation unto the fame. Amongft 
' other Things, if his Majefty fhall have Thoughts 

* of coming to this Kingdom at this Time, he not 

* having as yet fubfcribed the League and Cove- 

* nant, nor fatisfied the lawful Defires of his loyal 
'Subjects in both Nations, we have juft Caufe to 
' fear that the Confequences of it may be very 
' dangerous, both to his Majefty and thefc King- 
doms j which therefore we defire may be timely 
' prevented. 

' For fo long as his Majefty doth not approve in 

* his Heart, and feal with his Hand, the League 

* and Covenant, we cannot but apprehend that, ac- 

* cordina: to his former Principles, he will walk in 

* Oppofition to the fame, and ftudy to draw us into 
4 the Violation thereof, and the Diflblution of the 
4 Union fo happily begun between us and our Bre- 
' thren ; to weaken the Confidence and Truft, 
' and to entertain Jealoufics, and make Divifions 

* amongft ourfelves : Neither is it poflible but that 
' our receiving him in this prefent Pofture of Af- 



ft Parliamentary HISTORY 

** Car. It fairs, will confirm the Sufpicions of the Englljh 
' Nations of our underhand Dealing with him be- 

* ^ ore ^is Coming to our Army ; and make them, 

* not without Caufe, to think that we purpofe to 

* difpofe of him without their Confent, and to 

* their Prejudice; which is contrary to the Profef- 

* fion of thofe that were in Truftafhis Majefty's 

* firft Coming to the Scots Quarters, and over- 
< throweth all the Arguments that have been ufed 
e by the Commiflioners of our Parliament, in their 
' Papers concerning the difpofmg of his Majefty's 
' Perfon by the joint Advice and common Confent 

* of both Kingdoms, given in to both Houfes of 

* Parliament in England : Nor do we fee how we 

* can vindicate fuch a Pra&ice from a direct Breach 
' of our Engagements to them by Covenant and 

* Treaty ; which were not only to expofe us unto 
' the -Hazard of a bloody War, but to involve us 
1 in the Guilt of Perjury. And what greater Dif- 

* fervice could be done to his Majefty and his Po- 
' fterity, than to give way to a Courfethat mia;ht 

* prove prejudicial to their Jntereft in the Crown 

* and Kingdom of England? 

' Our Carriage now for many Years paft, in 
c the Midftof many Temptations, hath put us ber 
' yond all Sufpicion in the Point of our Loyalty; 
nor have we the leaft Thoughts of deferring the 

* King's Majefty in a juft and good Caufe, being 

* bound by our Covenant, in our feveral Vocations, 
' to endeavour, with our Eftates and Lives, to pre- 

* ferve and defend his Majefty's Perfon and Au- 
' thority, in the Defence and Prefervation of the, 

* true Religion and Liberties of the Kingdoms : 
' And fo far as his Majefty {hall be for thefe, we 

* really are, and we truft the reft of his Kingdoms 

* -will be, for him j yet we cannot i|eny, butopen- 
' ly avouch it, that if his Majefty (which the Lord 

* forbid) (hall not fatisfy the juft Defires of his 
' People, both Nations fland mutually obliged, 

* by that inviolable Covenant, to purfue the End* 

* therein exprefled ( which cannot be divided) againft 

* all 

of E N G L A N D. 249 

* all Lets and Impediments whatfoever. It is An ' " z *"* 

* therefore our molt earncft and longin^ Delia-, f 
That as tliofe who are in Truft with th = e public Deumoer.' 
( Affairs of this Kingdom hav. heretofore, with 

< all Earneftnefs and Care, in all their Addreftes 

* dealt with his Majefty with much Strength of 
. Reafon and Vehemency of Afrixthn fothe y 

< will ftilldeal with him, to grant his Royal Con- 
fent to the Ddires of both Kingdoms, for Set- 
tling Religion according to the Covenant, and 

* for fecuring a perfect and durable Peace} (which 

< we look upon as the only hopeful Means of pre. 

< ferving himfelf, his Crown., and Pofterity) that 
his Majefty may return to his Houfcs of Parlia- 
f ment in England, as a reconciled Prince to fatif- 

< fied Subjects; and that Acclamations of Joy 

* may be heard in all his Majefty * s Dominions, 

* and no Sound of War heard therein any more 
except againft the bloody Irljh Rebels, under 
whole barbarous and cruel Perfecution our di- 
ftrefled Brethren, both in this Kingdom and in 
Ireland, are ftill groaning and crying out to us, 
"* and to our Brethren in England, Be at Peace 
' among yourfelves, and come to help us.' 

This Thunder of the Scots Vatican ftruck fuch 
a Terror into their Parliament, that they refol- foive to fec'ure 
ved, The King {hould be defired to grant the the Kin E doIB 
whole Proportions ; and, in cafe of Refufal, the Kiag, ' 
Certifications given to his Majefty {hould be put fi 6 nt ' 
into Execution, viz. To fecure the Kingdom nint> 
without him ; To declare that the Kingdom of 
Scotland cannot lawfully engage themielves for his 
Majefty, he not taking the Covenant, fatisfying 
as to Religion, &c. And that they would not ad- 
mit him to come into Scotland, unlefs he gave a 
fatisfa&ory Anfv/er to the whole Propofitions lately 
prefented to him in the Name of both Kingdoms. 

The Earl of Lanerk, then lately appointed $CT 
crctary of State for Scotland, immediately gave the 

250 The Parliamentary H is T o R v 

An. ^^ Car. I. King Notice of thefe Tranfactions : In Confe- 
i6 & 6 ' J quence whereof, 

.V. D*f. 24. The Speaker of the Houfe of Lords 
acquainted them, That laft Night a Letter was 
delivered to him which came from the King at 
Newcajlle j the Tenor of which was as follows : 

To the SPEAKER of the Houje of Peers pro Tern- 
pore, to be communicated to the two Houfes of 
Parliament at Weftminfter, and to the Commif- 
fioncrs of the Parliament of Scotland 

CHARLES*. Ne wcaftle., Dec. 20, 1646. 
f$ Majejly's Thoughts being always fencer ely 
^ to t h e p cace ^ ], h y^ngdoms, be was and 
will be ever dejiraus to take all Ways which might 
the mojl clearly make appear the Candor of his In- 
tentions to his People. A>:d to this End, could find 
no better IVay than to propofe a Personal free Debate 
with his two Houfes of Parliament upon all the pre- 
fent Differences: Yet finding, very much again/I 
his Expectations, that this Offer was laid aftde, hh 
Majejly bent all his Thoughts to make hh Intention* 
fully known by a particular Anfwer to the Propoji- 
tions delivered to him in the Name of both Kingdoms f 
the i^tb of Ju!y lajl. But the more he endeavoured 
it y he more plainly faw that any Answer he could 
make would be fubjecl to Mifin formations and Mif- 
conji ruff ions ; which, upon his own Parapbrajes and 
Explanations, he is mo/? confident will give fo good 
Satisfaction as would daubtlefs caufe a happy and 
lafting Peace. Left, therefore, that good Intentions 
may produce ill Effets, his Majejly again propo- 
fcth, and dcjires again, to come to London, or any of 
his Houfes thereabouts, up n the Public Faith, and 
Security of his two Houfes of Parliament and the 
Scots Cornmiffioners, that be Jball be there with 
Honour, Freedom, and Safety, where, by his per- 
enul Prefencf, be may not only raife a mutual Con- 
fidence bet wixi klm and his People ; ,bvt alfo have 


of E N G L A N D, 251 

tbofe Doubts cleared : and tbofe Difficulties explained An. Car. f 
to him, without which he cannot (but with the afore- .. _' _^' j 
yjj/W mifchievous Inconveniences) give a particular December. 
Answer to the Propositions ; and with which he 
doubts not but fo to manifejl his real Intentions for 
the fettling of Religion, the jujl Privilege, of Par- 
liament, with the Freedom and Property of the Sub- 
jeff, that it /hall not be in the Power of wicked 
and malicious Men to binder the ejlablifhing of that 
firm Peace which all honejl Men defer e. Ajjuring 
them, that as he will make no other Demands but fucb 
as he believes confidently to be jujl, and much conducing 
to the Tranquillity of the People: So he will be 
moft willing to condefcend to them in whatfoever 
Jhall be really for their Good and Happinefs. Not- 
doubting likewife but you will alfo have a due Re- 
gard to maintain the jujl Power of the Crown, 
according to your many Proteftations and Profejjions. 
For certainly, except King and People have reci- 
procal Care each of other, neither can be happy. 

To conclude; it is your King who deferes to be 
heard, (the which, if refujed to a Subjeft by a 
King, he would be thought a Tyrant for it) and 
f.r that End which all Men profejs to defer e ; where- 
fore his Majejly conjures you, as you defer e tojhew 
yourselves really what you profefs, even as you are 
good Chrijlians and Subjects, that you will accept 
this his Offer, which he is confident God will fo 
biffs, that it will be the readiejl Means by which 
thefe Kingdoms may again become a Comfort to their 
Friends, and a Terror to their Enemies. 

All the Notice that the Lords took of this Letter 
from the King, at this Time, was, That it {hould 
be communicated to the Commons by a MefTage. 

Dec. 25. Both the Houfes were alarmed with a A R um(mr O f 
Plot to fteal away the Duke of York from St. the King and the 
James's; and feveral Witneffes, as well as the Duke _of York'* 
Duke himfelf, were examined about it. And it mS?their > - 
was this Day ordered, That a Letter be written fcape. 
to the Scots Army, to acquaint them with this 



'Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *a Car. I. D e fi^ n o f conveying hence the Duke of York in- 
i ' *__'___ to France: And likewife to let them know of a 
Rumour fpread abroad, that there is an Intent of 
the Kind's efcaping into France, and to defire them 
to take Care to prevent any fuch Attempt. They 
alfo ordered, That the Scats Commifiioners then 
upon their Return to Scotland, {hould be acquaint- 
ed with thefe Apprehenfions ; and be defired to 
write down to their Committee and General at 
Newcajile, to take all poffible Care to prevent the 

The faid Commiffioners were now making Pre- 
parations for their Departure homewards, after 
receiving I2,coc/. out of the Money ftipulatesf 
for Scotland, figning the late Treaty, and all the 
neceflary Receipts for the whole Sum ; the Form 
of which are preferved in both the Journals, but 
are unneceflary here. 

Before the Departure of thefe Commiffioners, 
they had, it feems, a Meeting with the Engli/h 
Committee for Religion, with whom they left 
the following pious Exhortation, read this Day, 
December 26, in the Houfe of Lords j of which 
fince it is no where elfe printed, and is not 
a little fingular, we fubjoin this Copy from the 

Dec. 25, 1646. 

AS the other Reformed Churches have been 
much comforted with the hopeful Begin- 
ning, and fome happy Progrefs, of a glorious Re- 
formation of Religion in this Kingdom, fo efpe- 
cially the Church of Scotland ( which is fo nearly- 
concerned, and muft netds partake more than 
other Churches of the Good and Evil which (hall 
here take Root) hath greatly rejoiced and given 
Thanks to God for fo great a Mercy : Neverthe- 
lefs they are mindful of the Vows of God which 
are upon all the three Kingdoms, and all Sorts 
and Degrees of Perfons therein, according to 
their feveral Places and Callings, to endeavour 
fuch a Reformation in the Kingdoms of England 
* and Ireland, in Dofhrine,, Worlhip, Discipline, 

4 and 

A Manorial pre- 
fer, tc. to the 
Jx>r s, by the 
Scots Conunif- 
fionro on their 
Rct'.ra Home. 

^ENGLAND. 253 

and Government, as is according to the Word A* C ar - 

' of God, and the Example of the beft Reformed ^ 

' Churches, and the neareft Uniformity in all thefe December. 

* between the Churches of God in the three King- 

* doms, together with the Extirpation of Herefy 

* and Schifin, (left, partaking of other Men's Sins, 
' they be endangered to receive of their Plagues) 

* which they did not oblige themfelves to endea- 
6 vour for a Time only, but conftantly, till at- 
' tained ; wherefore, in Purfuance of the Ends in 

* the Covenant, and in the Difcharge of that Truft 
< which is committed to us, as likewife that fomc 
' of our Number, who are now to return into Scot- 

* land, may be able to give a farther Account to 
' the Parliament of that Kingdom, and to the Com- 
' miflioners of the General Aflcmbly at Edinburgh 

* (both being now aflembled) we have taken this 

* Occafion (without the leaft prcfuming to pre- 
' fcribe any Ways, or to impofe any Conditions) 
' to renew our mod earneft Defires to the Ho- 

* nourable Houfes of Parliament, and to the Re- 

* verend Afiembly of Divines on their Part, that 

* all poflibleCare be taken, and greater Diligence 

* ufed to expedite the begun Reformation and 

* Unity : to fupply and make up thofe Parts that 

* are yet wanting, and to put on and make effec- 
' tual what is already agreed upon ; more particu- 

* larly we do dcfire that fome effectual Courfe may 

* be provided by an Ordinance of Parliament, for 

* the taking of the Solemn League and Covenant, 
c in all Places of this Kingdom, and fome confi- 

* derable Penalty or Punifhment, fuch as the Ho- 

* nourable Houfes in their Wifdom fhall think fit, 
' may be appointed for fuch as refufe to take it, 

* much more for fuch as reproach it, or fpcak or 
' write againft it ; and that, by Authority of both 
Houfes of the Parliament of England, the Co- 

* vcnant, Confeflion of Faith, Directory of Wor- 
' fhip, Form of Church-Government, and Cate- 

* chizing, maybe fettled in Ireland as well as in 

* England, according to the firft Article of the So- 

* lemn League and Covenant. 


'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

e We alfo define that the Catechifm, now be- 
fore the Aflembly of Divines, may be perfected 
fo foon as is poflible ; that the Confeffion of Faith 
may be eftablifhed by Authority of Parliament, 
and immediately thereafter fent into Scotland^ as 
the Dire&ory of Worfhip was to be agreed unto 
by that Church and Kingdom, it being the chief- 
eft Part of that Uniformity in Religion, which 
both Kingdoms ftand bound by Covenant to en- 
deavour ; that Courfe may be taken for the bet- 
ter obfervirig of the Directory of Worfhip, which 
is in many Places of this Kingdom, either 
wholly, or in divers material Points, neglected. 
' And becaufe the finging of Pfalms in Churches 
is a Part of the Public Worfhip of God, we de- 
fire that the Paraphrafe of the Pfalms in Metre, 
as it is now examined, corrected, and approved 
by the Aflembly of Divines here, and by the 
Commiffioners of the General Aflembly, may 
be likewife authorized and eftablifhed by Ordi- 
nance of Parliament. 

' We further defire, that fpecial Care and 
fpeedy Courfe may IDC taken for the chuling 
of Ruling Elders, and the erecting of ClafTical 
Prefbyteries and Congregational Elderfhips, 
throughout the whole Kingdom, thefe Things 
not being yet done, except in fome Places ; and 
that the Cenfures of Excommunication, and fome 
other Things belonging to the Meeting, Confti- 
tution, and Power of Synods, National and Pro- 
vincial, and of the fubordinate Ecclefiaftical Af- 
femblies, contained in the Advice of the Reverend 
and Learned Aflembly of Divines to both Houfes 
of Parliament, and in our Remonftrance, dated 
March the 26th, 1646, delivered alfo to both 
Houfes, (which Things are not yet fettled by 
Ordinance of Parliament) may be taken into 
Confideration by the Honourable Houfes, and 
their Refolution known thereupon; and that in 
the mean while, as well before as after the full 
Settlement of Church-Government, the Civil 
Power may, (according to the Word of God, 
2 * and 

c/ E N G L A N D. 355 

8 and the Example of godly Magiftrates both of An. 21 Car. ! 
' old and of late) proceed to the fuppreffing of , ] ' f 

* fcandalous Doctrines or Practices, which are de- December. 

* ftructivc to the Chriftian Faith, and the Power 

* of Godlinefs, for the Peace of the Chiirch; there 

* being nothing more pernicious, both to Church 

* and State, than the leaving of all Men to an Au- 
c tonomy in Religion ; for although it be far from 

* our Thought to be fo rigid as to defire, or, by 

* Intention, Council, or Suggeftion, to be accef- 
' fary to, the troubling of pious and peaceable Men^ 
' who, through Scruple of Confcience, cannot iri 

* all Things come up to the Rule ofChurch-Go- 

* vernment ; and as it never was, fo it is not our 
c Purpoie to make any Impediment to the forbear- 
' ing of fuch, fo far as may agree with the Word 
6 of God, ftand with the public Peace, and not 
' be deftructive to the Order and Government of 
' the Church; yet we cannot chufe but difcharge 
our Confciences in refpect to the extreme Necef- 
fity that fome fpeedy and effectual Remedy may 
6 be provided againft the feparating and withdraw- 

* ing from, or gathering Churches out of, the true 

* Reformed Churches of this Nation, as if Mem- 

* berfhip therein were unlawful ; as likewife againft 

* the Preaching of fuch as have neither received 
Ordination, nor have been offered unto any or- 
< derly Trial, and approved as Candidates or Pro- 
bationers for the Miniftry; and above all a- 
' gainft the Infection of pernicious Herefles, which 
c multiply, grow, and fpread daily more and more, 
' to the great Difhonour of God ; to the (haking^ 

* the very Foundation of the Chriftian Faith ; to 

* the feducing and deftroying of many poor Souls j 

* to the hardening and ftrengthening of the com- 

* mon Enemy; to the renting and dividing of 

* Church and State ; to the fcandalizing of the Re- 

* formed Churches; and to the difappointing of 

* the Ends of the Covenant; fo that it is now high 

* Time to purge out (we cannot fay a little Leaven, 

* but) that which hath already leavcn'd the greateft 

* Part of the Lump, and may, if connived at", 

* quickly 

256 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

quickly leaven the whole j for which Caufe, the 
Danger being fo great and imminent, we cannot 
forget to mention the preffing and urgent Necef- 
fity of reftraining effectually the unparalleled 
fcandalous licentious printing and publifhing of 
Books, both againft Magiftracy and Miniftry, 
and particularly againft the Authority of Parlia- 
ment; againft the Reverend AfTembly of Di- 
vines; againft the Covenant and the public Na- 
tional Reformation ; againft the Union of the 
Kingdoms; againft the Church and Kingdom of 
Scotland 2nd all the Reformed Churches; yea, 
againft Jefus Chrift himfelf, and the Sacred 
Word of God : All thefe Things lie fad and hea- 
vy upon our Spirits, yet we do not only pray, 
but truft, that God will fo direct the Councils, 
and profper the Endeavours of the Honourable 
Houfes of Parliament, for the Reformation of 
Religion and the Peace of the Church, that their 
Care and Zeal may appear to be greater for the 
Things of Chrift, than for their own Things; to 
the Glory of God and of his Son Jefus Chrift, 
the only Head and King of his Church; to the 
ftrengthening of the Hearts and Hands of our 
Friends, and to the flopping of the Mouths of 

' The Particulars above exprefled we offer to the 
Honourable and Reverend Committee to be re- 
prefented to the Houfes of Parliament, whofe 
Refclution and Anfwer we earneftly defire, not 
only for our own Exoneration, that we may fea- 
fonably give an Account of our Pioceedings to 
thofe who have entrufted us, and do expect a fur- 
ther Account from us; but alfo for the Comfort 
and Encouragement of the Church and Kingdom* 
of Scotland, who will wait for and look upon the 
Progrefs of the fo much defired Reformation and 
Uniformity in Religion, as the chiefeft and moft 
comfortable Recompence of all their Pains, Ha- 
zards, and Sufferings, and as the ftrongeft and 
fureft Bond for keeping faft and firm the happy 
Union and Conjunction of the Kingdoms againft 

% the 



the common Enemies; which hath been, and An. 
(hall be, our earneft Prayer and faithful Endea- 
vour, being confident of our Brethren's recipro- December, 
cal Affe&ion for continuing and ftrengthening of 
this Uniori, and for tranfmitting it to the Gene- 
rations following. 

By Command of the Comniijfioners for ihe .Par- 
liament of Scotland. 


After the hearing this Piece of religious Advice 
read, the Lords proceeded to take into Confide- 
ration the King's laft Letter to (hem j and the 
Queftion being put, Whether to go upon it then ? 
it paffed in the Affirmative. Then the Letter was "*" f 

r . , i L ri r /-> the Lords, od 

again read, and the rloule went into a v^ommittee reading the 
of the whole Houfe to debate the King's Defire of King's laft Let- 
coming with Safety, Freedom, and Honour ; and 
the Houfe being refumed, the Vote of the twenty- 
fecond Inft. was readj and the Queftion put, Whe- 
ther the Vote made by this Houfe, and fent down 
to the Houfe of Commons, Concerning the King's 
Coming to cne of his Houfes, without any further 
Addition or Explanation, be a fit Anfwer to that 
Particular in the King's Letter ? This was alfo 
refolved in the Affirmative. 

Next, the Houfe confidered of another Defire 
in the King's Letter, and that was, of his being 
heard; and a Queftion being propofcd, Whether, 
in Anfwer to this Particular in the King's Letter, 
this Houfe (hould return, That they will have no 
Treaty upon the Propofitions ? it was refolved in 
the Affirmative. But a Memorandum is entered 
in the Journals, * That, before the putting this laft 
Queftion, the following Lords deftred Leave to 
enter their Diflents if it was carried againft their 
Votes; which being granted, they did accord- 
ingly enter their DiiTents, by fubfcribin^ of their 

Names.' But the Earl of Lincoln's is the only 

Name fubfcribed to if 

VOL. XV. R Dec, 

258 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 Car. I. >ec. 2g. Thefe Votes andRefolutions beingfent 

t * 6 * 6 ' t down to the Commons, foon after a Mefiage came 

December. U P ^ rorn them to defire a Conference about them ; 

which being held, the Speaker of the Lords Houfe 

made a Report of it to the Effect following : 

' That the Commons faid they had received a 
Vote from their Lordfhips, concerning the Dif- 
pofing of the Perfon of the King: "That they 
* th'th^Ccm. " a g reed to " W1 'th forne Alterations and Additions : 
iions thereupon. As for the Place, they think it fitteft to be at 
Ho!denby^ becaufe that Houfe is more capacious and 
better lilted to teceive him and his Company; and 
as it is in the Heart of the Kingdom, fafer and fitter 
for Addrefles to his Majefty. As to the latter 
Part, they faid, They had made fome Alterations 
in it, becaufe they could not undertake for any 
but for the Kingdom of England.' 

Ther. the Vote was read, as given in by the Com- 
mcns, but the Lords thought fit to make fome 
farther Alterations in it, according to the Senfe of 
their Houfe; which being put to the Queftion was 
affented to, and MefTengers fent to defire another 
Conference with the Commons about it. 

We are not told, at this Time, what were the 
Additions and Alterations which the Commons had 
'made to the Vote ; but we find that two more Con- 
ferences were held, by the Houfes, on this Bufi- 
nefs, before they both agreed to the following Re- 
Iblution: viz. 

Both Houfes re- Dec. 31. Rcfoked, by the Lords and Com- 
W . W JUJJ mons aflembled in Parliament, That Holdenby- 
SghTto Hoi- #</' i n the County of Northampton, be the Place 
denby, which the Houfes think fit for the King to come 

unto ; there to remain with fuch Attendants about 
him, as both Houfes of Parliament {hall appoint; 
with Refpecl had to the Safety r-nd Prefervation 
of his Perfon in the Prtfervation and Defence 
of the true Religion and Liberties of the King- 
doms, according to the Covenant. And when 
the King (ball tie at Holdenby as aforefaid, and 
the Scots Forces gone out of this Kingdom, the 


^"ENGLAND. 259 

fcwo Houfes of Parliament declare, That then they An - ~VS ar< I, 
will be ready, according to their former Declara- 
tions for preferving the peculiar Rights of the 
Kingdom of England, to join with the Kingdom 
of Scotland in employing tlieir beft Endeavours to 
procure his Majefty's AiTent to the Proportions 
agreed on by both Kingdoms, and prefemed to the 
King at Newcajile ; and to the Difpofing of the Bi- 
fhops Lands, according to the Ordinances already 
pafled both Houles in that Behalf: And, in cafe 
the King fhall not give his AfTent thereunto, the 
two Houfes are refulved (till to maintain the hap- 
py Union already fettled between the two King- 
doms, according to Treaties and the Covenant. 

Thus ended the Kalender Year 1646. The 
King ftill with the Scots Army at Newcajlle, but 
foon to be delivered up to the Parliament; the 
Prince of Wales gone to his Mother in France ; the 
Duke of York, on whorri the Houfes had thought 
fit to fettle a Penfion of 7500 /. a Year for his Sup- 
port, a Sort of Prifoner, with his Brother Henry 
Duke of Glance ft er and the Princefs Elizabeth, at St. 
James's Houfe, under the Care of the Earl of 
Northumberland, deputed Guardian to them all by 
the Parliament; who were now fo fully poflefled 
of all they could wiQi for, to make their own 
Terms with the King, that many of them thought 
the Bufmefs now done, for fettling the Peace and 
Liberty of the Subject on the moft folid Bafis. 
How much they were miftaken will (hortly appear, 
in the new Scene which opens now to our V Jew* 
and will he the Subject of our next Years Enqui- 
ries. But to return, 

January I. The Lords took into Confideration 
the Vote of Dec. 31, concerning the King's 
coming to Hcldenby, and agreed that the faid Vote 
Jftiould have a ihort Preamble to it, then, firft to 
fend it to the Scots Commiflioners, and afterwards 
to the King. The additional Preamble was thb : 
R 2 'We 

260 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

a. 2 | Car. I. < We your Majefty's loyal Subjeds, the Lords 

t ' ^ 6 ' , ' and Commons aflembled in the Parliament of 

January. ' England, having agreed upon this following Vote, 

* do humbly prefent it to your Majefty.' 

Sir Peter Klllegrew was ordered by both Houfes 
to carry this Vote to the King. 

Jan. 2. The Parliament having appointed one 
Lord and two Commoners, as Commiffioners to go 
along with the Money to fee it paid to the Scots^ 
and take Notice that they performed every Article 
agreed on for evacuating this Kingdom : In- 
ftrudions for thefe Commifiioners were, this Day, 
read by the Lords, and palled as they came up from 
the Commons, without any Amendment. A Co- 
py of them, as entered in both Journals^ we give 
as follows ; obferving that ftill there is not one 
Word in them relating to the King's Perfon. 

f r *. 

c \^7Hereas there are certain Articles of A- 

JnfmiCtions for t VV , , ^ 

theCommiffion- greement agreed upon between Com- 

ers appointed to c mittes of Lords and Commons of the Parlia- 
attend the Pay- ment of England, and Commiffioners of the Par- 
Hamentof Scotland, authorized thereunto by the 
' Parliament of each Kingdom refpe&ively, con- 
' cerning the Payment of 400,000 /. to the King- 
' dom of Scotland for the Pay of their Army, and 
' for the marching of their faid Army and Forces 
' out of this Kingdom ; as is more at large ex- 
4 p re fled in the laid Articles, a Copy whereof, 

* bearing Date the 23d of this laft December, you 
' have herewith delivered unto You : 

* For the better Performance of all the faid Ar- 

* tides, we have appointed you the faid Henry Earl 
' of Stamford^ Robert Goodwyn, and William djk- 

* urji, orany two of you, to be a Committee upon 

* the Place, to take Care that the faid Articles may 

* be duly and punctually performed according to 
1 the faid Agreement. 


^/ENGLAND. 261 

1 In the whole Tranfa&ion of which Affair you, An. 22 Car. I, 
' or any two of you, are to take efpecial Care that t lfi4 _ 6 ' 

* all Matters may be fo accommodated with our January. 

* Brethren upon their departing, as may prevent 
' all Unkindnefs that might happen by any Mif- 

* confirmations or Mifapprehenfions. 

' In the Profecution of which Service, 

I. * You, or any two of you, are to make your 
' Repair to the City of Tork ; wherein you (hail fo 

* order your Journey, as to be there by the 1510. 

* Day of this Inftant January, at the fartheft. 

II. Whereas you are to receive, for Hoftages 

* from the Kingdom of Scotland^ the Perfons as ex- 
f prefled in the 8th and i5th Articles, you, or any 
' two of you, are fafely to keep the faid Perfons, for 
4 the Alturances in the faid Articles mentioned ; 
and for that Purpofeyou, or any two of you, are 

* to require of Major-General Skippon a fufficient 
' Guard, which he is to furnifh you with for that 

* Service j to which Guard, you, or any two of 
' you, are to give Order that the faid Hoftages be 
treated with Civility and Refped ; and then a- 
' gain you, or any two of you, fhall re-deliver ac- 

< cording to the Direction of the faid Articles: 
' And you, or any two of you, are alfo to take Care 

< that 'the Hoftages, to be given by the i5th Ar- 

* cle, be either the fame or of like Quality, at the 
leaft, with thofe mentioned in the 8th Article, 

* who are to be guarded, treated, and re-delivered 

* as is directed for the former. 

III. ' When the Convoy that guards the Mo- 

* ney is come to NortbaUerton^ and the Scsts Con- 
1 voy come thither to receive it, you, or any two 
of you, (hall take Care that they may not fo meet 

* and mingle together as that any Quarrel for 
6 Quarters, or any other Unkindnefs, grow bc- 
' tween them. 

IV. 4 Whereas the Kingdom of EHg'wJis to give 
' to the Kingdom of Scotland the Hoftages nonii. 
4 nated in the 1 3th Article, and the faid Hoftages 

* are appointed to be at York the 151!! of January 
4 Inftant, except Sir William Selhy and Mr. Dc- 

R 3 * laval. 

262 -x tfbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. zz Car. I. c l ava [ 9 w ho are to be at Durham the 24th of Ja- 

^ _' * ' ^ ' nuary, there to receive your, or any two of your, 

January. ' Directions fbr the faid Service; you, or any two 

e of you, are therefore, according to the Directions 

f of the faid Articles, to give the faid Perfons that 

4 are nominated in Hoftage ; and, upon their Re- 

. f delivery, you, or any two of you, are to difmifs 

* them to return at their Pleafure. 

V. ' You, or any two of you, are to take Care 
' f that, after the Payment of the firft lOOjOOo/. the 

* Scots Army may not require or take any Money 
' or Goods from the Country whatfoever j but that 
' they pay for all fuch Provifions as they {hall re- 
' ceive from the Country, according to the Refo- 
e lution of both Houfes, of the i8th of December ; 
f a Copy whereof, as alfo of the Scots Paper con- 

* cerning the fame, is herewith delivered unto you. 

* And you or any two of you, are alfo to ufe all 
' good Means in your Power to prevent the Spoil 
6 and Plunder of the Country in the Marching 

* away of the Soldiers ; and if any Money {hall be 

* required or taken contrary to the abovefaid Re- 

* folution, or any Plunder made, that (hall come 

* to your Knowledge, you, or any two of you, are 
e to reprefent the fame to the General of the Scots 
' Army, or to the Committees or Commiffioners 

* of Scotland upon the Place ; and, by all the Ways 
' yon can, to endeavour a Redrefs of the fame. 

VI. ' You, or any two of you, are diligently to 

* confider the faid Articles of Agreement 3 and 
' take Care that all Things, therein agreed, may 
< be cleared and punctually performed according 
' to the faid Agreement. 

VII. e You, or any two of you, are, from Time 

* to Time, to give Notice to both Houfes of your 

* Proceedings herein ; and to obferve fuch farther 
' Directions as fhall be given you, or any two of 
c you, by them, for the Tianfaction and Execu- 
6 tion of all Things to be done by Virtue of the, 

* faid Articles, according to which you are, in all 
f Things, to govern yourfelves in this Affair. 

4 VIII. 

of E N G L A N D. 263 

VIII. When all Things in the faid Articles An. *z Car. r. 
1 agreed upon are performed and finifhed, except , \ 6 '_ j 

' only the Payment of the latter 200,000 /. you January. 
1 are then to return and give an Account of this 
' Service to both Houfes. 

IX. ' Whereas the Houfes are informed that 
' the Sum of 3000 /. or thereabouts, is borrowed of 
1 the Town of Newcqflle^ by the General and 

* Officers of the Scots Army and Forces, or fome of 
' them, upon the Credit of the Monies to be now 
' paid by the Kingdom of England to our Brethren 

* of Scotland y you, or any two of you, are to ufe 
'your beft Endeavours that the faid 3000 /. or 
' other Sumfo borrowed, may be repaid out of the 

* Monies to be now paid to our Brethren.' 

A Letter from the Scots General, the Earl of Le- 
ven, was this Day read in the Houfe of Lords, 
addrefled to the Commifiioners for Scotland red- 
ding in London. 

May it pleafe pur Lord/hips, 

' I Received your Letter by Exprefs (but now by A Letter frcm 
c A the laft Poftj wherein your Lordfhips feri- General Leven, 
' oufly recommend to me fuch Things as do very relatmg tothc 
highly concern the Peace and Safety of the Kms ' sP 
'Kingdoms; which I fhall ever regard with fo 
' much Fidelity and Zeal, as nothing in my Power 
' fhall be wanting, with all Care and exact Dili- 
' gence, to prevent all Difturbances and far- 
' ther Evils that might enfue if there were any 
' Mifcarriage at this Time. 

4 The Bearer has alfo brought me a Letter from 
' the Parliament, defiring me to take fpecial Care 
' of his Majefty's Perfon, that he remain in and 
' go not from our Army during our Abode here ; and 
' that my former Orders and Proclamations be put 
' in Execution for debarring, from Accefs to his 
' Majefty'a Perfon and coming to Ntwcq/He, all 
' fuch Englijh and Scots Malignants as ferved 
' againft the Parliament, and no Permifljon to be 
R 4 here, 


'The Parliamentary H i s T Q R Y 

here, which I will likewife faithfully perform J 
And what farther may be propounded to me for 
the Good of this Caufe, the Advancement of the 
Service, and Difcouragement of difaffeded Per- 
fons, flattering themfcives in the Hopes of our 
Divifion, {hall be followed and obferved with 
that fame Conftancy of AffecYion wherewith I 
have always endeavoured to approve myfelf faith- 
ful to the Public, and to 

enftle Dee . 28, 

Tour Lord/kips 

A mcjl humblf Servant^ 

L E V E N. 

Efom 7h 
5<fots Army. 

The Senfe of the Lords upon this Letter was, 
That the General gave good Teftimonies of his 
Faithfulnefs and Care to anfwer the Defires of 
the Parliament ; and they ordered a Committee to 
draw up an Anfwer to the fame. 

Some Days now pafied without any remarkable 
Occurrence, except we mention a Letter or two 
which came from Major-General Skippon and 
others, appointed to convey and pay the Money 
to the Scots at York, and their Proceedings fo far j 
which are not material enough to tranfcribe : But 

This Day, Jan. 6, it was that the Houfe of 
Commons fent up to the Lords fome Votes and 
p- R e folution$ of their Houfe, of great Signiftcancy. 
C ^ne Queftion was firft propofed in that Houfe, 
Whether the King fhould be delivered over to 
Major-peneral Skippon at Newcajlle? on which 
the Houfe divided, when it appear'd there were 
69 for, and 130 againft it: The Tellers on this 
remarkable Qccafioii were, againft the Queftion, 
Mr. Holies and Sir Philip Stapylton ; for it, Sir 
Arthur Hefilrig and Mr. Alderman Hoylc of York. 
After which the following Refolution was made: 
Refofocd^ &c. ' That a Committee be appoint- 
ed, by both Houfes, to go to Newcafk to receive 



thePerfon of the King from the Scot* Army; and An. 

that it fhall conuft of Members of both Houfes, 

This being agreed to by the Lords, they next read January 

a Copy of inftru&ions, fent up at the fame Time, 

with the Names of the CQinmiffioners appointed 

for that Purpofe. 

INSTRUCTIONS for the Right Honourable Philip 
Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, Bafi!, 
Earl of Denbigh, Eward Lord Mountague, 
Sir John Coke, Sir Walter Erie, Sir John 
Holland, Sir James Harrington, John Crew, Efq. 
and Major-General Brown, who are appointed 
to go to Newcaftle, to receive the Per Jon of tht 
King from the Scots Army. 

I. c \7OU are to make your Repair to New- 

c Y ea/llf, and be there by the twenty-third on 
' of this Inftant January, or fooner if it may be, 
' there to receive the Pcrfon of the King from the 
' Scots Army. 

II. * You are, upon your Arrival there, to fig- 

* nify to his Majefty that you are come thither to 

* receive his Perfon ; and you are alfo to fignify the 

* fame to the Committees or Commiflioners of the 
' Parliament of Scotland that {hall be at Newca/}le > 
' and to the General of the Scots Army. 

III. ' When you have received him as aforefaid, 
' you are to fignify the fame to both Houfes of Par- 

* iiament. 

IV. You are to take Care that the King's Per- 

* fon be, with convenient Speed, conducted in Safety 

* to Haldenby-Houfe^ according to the Vote of both 
' Houfes of Parliament the firft of this Inftant 7a- 
nuary y and for that Purpofe you are to give Di- 
' regions to Major-General Skippon to furnifh you 

* with fuch Horfe and Dragoons, of thofe under 
' his Command, for the fame Convoy, as you {hall 

* think fit, who is hereby required to appoint 

* the fame Convoy accordingly; which Convoy 

* ar, fr,om Time to Time, to obey your Orders 

< for 


'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a* Car. I. r or tnat Service ; and if you find it neceflary to 





* have a greater Convoy than can be fpared from 

* thofe Parts, then you are to fend to Sir Thomas 

* Fairfax for fuch Addition of Force as fhall be 
' neceflary. 

V. * After you have received the Perfon of the 

* King, you are to take Care that no Perfon that 
' has been in Arms, or affifted in this unnatural 
*' War againft the Parliament, nor any other but 

* fuch as you fhall think fit and allow of, may 

* come, or deliver, or fend unto him, any Letters 
' or Meflages. 

VI. ' When you are come to Holdenby, you are 
c to give Notice thereof to both Houfes, and receive 

* their further Order ; untill which Time fuch 
c Horfe and Dragoons as you fhall think fit, are to 
4 remain with you and obferve your Orders. 

VII. c You fhall return to both Houfes of Par- 
' liament the Names of fuch Attendants as you 
' {hall appoint to come along with the King, and 

* alfo of fuch as you fhall permit to fpeak with 
him, or to deliver, or to fend any Letters or Mef- 

* fages unto him.' 

The Lords having agreed to thefe Inftru&ions, 
without any Alteration, they next proceeded to 
read the Copies of two Letters, to be fent to New* 
(aik the firft of which was 

A Letter from c 
both Houfes to 
the Scots Com- 
mulioners at 

A LETTER from the Houfes to the COMMISSION- 
ERS or COMMITTEES of the Kingdom of Scot- 
My Lords, ir'JMnfa, Jan. 6, 1646. 

WE are commanded, by the two Houfes of 
the Parliament of England, to aflure 
your Lordfhips, in their Names, of their conftant 
good AfTe&ion and firm Refolution to maintain 
the happy Union and Agreement between the two 
Kingdoms in purfuance of the Covenant, and to 
perform all the Offices of Love and Amity which 
i * can 

cf E N G L A N D. 267 

can be expe&ed from a Nation fo nearly join'd An. 22 Car. I* 
to their Brethren of Scctland. They have fent .. * * ' T 
unto your Lordfhips here iaclofcd their Vote, de- January. 
daring their Intention concerning the difpofing 
of the King's Perfon, and employing their beft 
Endeavours to procure his Majefty's Aflent to 
the Propofitions. They propofe very fpeedily to 
depute fome Perfons to receive his Majefty and 
attend him to Holdenly, the Place appointed for 
his Refidence. In the mean Time, till the Ar- 
rival of thefe Peifons, they doubt not of your 
Lordmips and the Earl of Levens Care to pre- 
vent all Inconveniences which would follow up- 
on the King's Removing himfelf into other Parts ; 
which Care they defire earneftly may be conti- 
nued for the fhort Time to come, as they give 
you many Thanks for that of the Time parr, as 
exprefs'd in a Letter of the Earl of Leven's to 
your Commiflioners here, and by them fignified 
to the Houfes. This being all we have in 
Charge, we take our Leave and reft, 

Tcur Lord/hips 

Moft ojfeflionate Friends to ferve you 9 


Speaker of the Houfe of Peers 
pro Tcmpore. 


Speaker of the Commons Houfe 

in Parliament. 

The other was addrefled to the Earl of Leven. 

My Lord, Wcjlminjler, Jan. 6, 1646. 

HP HE two Houfes of Parliament have com- 
* manded us to fend this their Vote unto 
your Lordfhip, by which you will fee their In- 
tentions concerning the difpofing of the Perfon 
of the King. They have refolved very fpeedily 
to fend down a Committee to receive him) and, 

' in 

2 68 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2 * Car. I. f in the mean Time, they defire you will be plea- 
26*6. fed t continue the fame Care you have formerly 

had, that his Majefly withdraw not himfelf from 


you, to the great Hurt and Prejudice both of 
himfelf and the Kingdom. Your Lordfhip hath 
already in that Particular, as in many others, gi- 
ven a large Teftimony of your Zeal to the Pub- 
lic ; and we, in the Names of the Houfes, are 
to prefent you with a moft thankful Acknow- 
ledgment; which being done, we have no more 
to fay but that we are 

Your Lordjhip's 

Mofl affectionate Friends toferve you. 
[Signed as before.] 

Nothing material happening (except fome Let- 
ters from Major-General Skippon^ and other of 
the Parliament's Officers, that they had Tafely con- 
veyed the 200,000 /. to York, but had not yet be- 
gun to pay it to the Scots ; and a very long Ac- 
count, for fome Months, of Affairs in Ireland^ 
which is printed at large in Rujhworth's Collec- 
tions (i), and rather foreign to the Plan of thefe 
Inquiries) we pafs on to 

Jan. g. When fome fmall Addition was made 
to the Inflru&ions for thofe who were to go to 
receive the JCing: viz. That, in the fecond Article, 
the Words may be thus exprefs'd, You are alfo y 
after your Arrival ^ as foon as you Jhall^ think con* 
venient^ to fignify unto his Majejly, &c. It was 
likewife ordered, That the Houfe at Holdenby 
might be repaired, andProvifion made for the King 
in his Journey, and when he is come to Holdenby ; 
and that a Coach be fent to meet his Majefty. 
The Sum of 2500 /. was allowed by the Com- 
mons to pay all the necefTary Expences, &c. of 
this Journey : And all the Perfons appointed to 
attend the Perfon of the King inftcad of his own 
Servants, were named by Parliament. 

(t) Vol. VI. from p. 39910 444. 

of E N G L A N D. 269 

Jan. 11. The Commons fent up a Letter from An. azCar. I. 

Major-General Xkippon, with an Examination in- v l6 + 6 ' t 

clofed, directed to their Speaker, about an Attempt j anua ry. 
the King endeavoured to make for an Efcape from 
Newca/L'tj and get on bord a Spip in order to be 
conveyed into France \ the whole of which de- 
ferves our Notice. 

For the Hon. WILLIAM LENTHALL Efq ; Speaker 
of the Honourable Houfe of Commons, thefe 
humbly prefent. i 

Truly Honoured Sir, 

(Hold it my obliged Duty, in Faithfulnefs to 
the great Truft repofed in me by the Honour- from^Majot^Ge- 
able Houfes, in this prefent Northern Employ- neral Skippon, 
ment, as in all other Services that I (hall have to concerning the 
do withal in relation to the Public, to acquaint t o 'makehit "* 
you with whatfoever Occurrences of Concernment Efcape. 
that I do or (hall meet withall j and have therefore 
thought fit to fend you this inclofed Examination, 
leaving the fame to your judicious Confuleration ; 
humbly defiring, as (hall be conceived conve- 
nient, to receive from you, from Time to Time, 
fuch Commands as may make me to underftand 
your Pleafure; and I allure you, Sir, (by the 
Help of God) I (hall, with all Care and Fidelity, 
put them in Execution. 

' The Examinant himfelf will, I hope, be with 
you foon after this ; for To-morrow I purpofe to 
fend him, accompanied with one that ftiall have 
an Eye upon him ; altho' it is thought he hath 
dealt fo ingenuoufly already, that there need not be 
any Doubt of his voluntarily appearing before you. 
It is not unlikely but that, if he be farther exa- 
mined before a Committee, and friendly ufed, feme 
more Matters of Confequence may be difcovered 
by him. He hath promifed me he will be very clear 
and full, to his uttermoft Knowledge, in whstfo- 
ever {hall be afked of him. May it pleafe you, 
if he do as he hath faid, not to let him want En- 
couragement and Reward i for I allured him he, 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

or any Man, might expecl: the fame from the 
Parliament, that, in good earneft, manifefted 
January. * himfelf faithful to them. I fhall, by him, write 
' two or three Lines to advertife you he is the Man* 
' This is all I have, at prefent, to trouble you 
1 with now, only that the Money-telling on both 

* Parties goes on apace here, fo that I hope it will 

* be difpatched within the Time limited ; and we 

* fhall, God willing, be gone from hence there- 

* with Northward To-morrow Se'nnight at the 
< fartheftj and that I am, 

r "t*6 ?"' 8 ' ^ Uch Honoured S ' r -> 

Friday, 11 at Night. Your true-hearted Servant^ 

PH. S K I P P O N. 

one of the Grooms of the Privy-Chamber to the 
King, taken at York, January 7, 1646. 

Mr. Peaker's e *T*HIS Examinant faith, That Mr. William 
Examination e A Murray, Groom of the Bed-Chamber to 
charging the Earl c tne King, about a Fortnight fince fent this Exa- 
tcith being privy ' minant to the Captain of a Dutch Ship lying in 
thereto. < Newcaflle, at the Sign of the Peacock, to defire 

\ ' him to come to Mr. Murray's Lodgings in New- 

* cajlle, which he did ; and the Dutch Captain 

* wentaccordingly to Mr. Murray, and ftaid with 
' him a little while in private. When this Exa- 
' minant next fa-w Mr. Murray, he was defired by 
* him to go again to the Dutch Captain, and carry 

* him ioo/. and accordingly Mr. Levett, one of 
c the Pages of the Back-Stairs to the King, was 

* appointed todcliverthe faid ioo/. tothisExami- 

* nant ; who, not finding him, left the Money at Mr. 
4 Murray's Lodgings under his Bed's Head, where 

* the faid Mr. Levett appointed this Examinant 

* afterwards to fetch it, which he did; and carried 
' it to the Captain according to Appointment. 


(4) He had formerly been Servant t<j the Lord-Keeper Littlttsr., 
See Vol, Xl.p-iij, 

of ENGLAND. 371 

e And, to this Examinant's beft Rememberance, An - 2 V^ ar 
4 the fame Night, being the 24th of December , he * ^' 
4 was fent by Mr. Murray to the Ship then lying January. 

* at Shields^ to enquire of the Captain how the 

* Wind ferved for his going out, and whether he 

* could not go out in the Ni s ht, notwithftanding 

* any Oppofition from Tinmouth Caftle. The Cap- 
4 tain anfwered, He had rather go out in a Day- 
4 Tide, but yet he could be ready at any Time if 

* the Wind ferved ; and that he would go, not- 
4 withftanding any Oppofition. This Examinant 

* lodged that Night aboard the Ship* and the next 
4 Morning went to Mr. Murray, and gave him an 
4 Account of the Dutchman's Anfwer. The Day 
' after being the 26th of December, this Examinant 

* was told by Mr. Levett y that the King was late 

* up the Night before, and he expected that they 
4 fhould go away; but the Wind ferved not. And 

* this Examinant had Conference with Mr. Mur- 
4 ray, the fame Day, to this Purpofe, viz. This Ex- 
4 aminant afked Mr. Murray about the King's go- 

* ing away, Whether he intended it or not, and 
4 whither he meant to go ? Withall telling him$ 
4 That he conceived it very much to the King's 

* Difadvantage to leave the Kingdom, and put 
4 himfelf upon a Foreign Power. Mr. Murray 
4 anfwered, That the King intended for Dunkirk in 
4 France ; and withall, that they had a a;ood Game 
4 to play, in regard there was certain Intelligence 
4 that the Peace is concluded with Ireland; and 
4 that their General, Monro^ who commands the 
4 Scots Army there, had fo far confidered the Bu- 
4 itnefs that he would be for the King. Where- 
4 upon this Examinant faid, That he conceived 
4 the King's taking Part with the Irijb, againft 
4 whom he had fo much declared, would lofe much 
4 of his Intereft with his Proteftant Subjects. To 
4 which Mr. Murray replied little, but faid, With- 
4 in two or three Days, we (hall know more of that 

4 Two Days, or thereabouts, after that, Mr. 
William Murray fent for this Examinant to the 

4 Angel 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Angel in Newcajlle, where Sir Robert Murray 
coming in, fpoke to Mr. William Murray : After 
January. ' they had fpoken together, Mr. William Murray 
' told this Examinant, That, by reafon the Mayor 
' of Newcajlle had examined the Captain of the 
6 Dutch Ship, they muft fteer another Courfe; 
' and therefore deiired this Examinant to go to 
' Hartlepool, and fee what Ships were there, and 

* enquire the Names of the Mailers, which this 
' Examinant promifed he would do ; but after- 

* wards, confidering faither that it was not con- 

* venient for him to go to Hartlepool without a Pafs 

* or Letter from Mr. Murray, 4;his Examinant 
c went again to him and defired a Letter, which 
' Mr. Murray wrote accordingly to Lieutenant- 
' Colonel Douglafs, Governor of Hartlepool, which 
' this Examinant received from him ; and, having 
c a Horfe lent him by Sir Robert Murray, was to 

* go the next Morning. 

' On Thurfday the laft of December, this Exa- 
e minant took Horfe, and went over to Gatefide*, 
' and being got half a Mile towards Hartlepool, be- 
' gan more ferioufly to think of the Confequence of 

* that Bufmefs he fufpe&ed he was emyloyed about ; 
' and, not being willing to be acceflary to an Action 

* which might prove fo prejudicial to the King- 
' dom, he returned into Gatefide, left his Horfe 

* at a Smith's Shop, and came back into Newcajlle 
' to Mr. Mayor's Houfe j and defiring to fpeak 

* with Mr. Mayor, told him, He had a Bufmefs 

* to impart to him, in which he conceived the 

* Good of the State was much concerned. Here- 
' upon Mr. Mayor caHed him up into a Chamber, 
c and fent for Alderman Banner, to whom he gave 

* an Account of what had paffed betwixt Mr. 
' Murray and him in this Bufmefs ; and alfo {hew- 

* ed them the Letter he had received from Mr. 

* Murray to the Governor of Hartlepool, which 

* the Mayor took a Copy of.' The Contents of 
the Letter were to this Purpofe : 


df ENGLAND. 273 

Noble Governor, An - 22 Car. 

"f'His Bearer can acquaint you with a Journey I 

am commanded to undertake. Here is neither January. 
)hips nor Wind fitting ; I drfire therefore to begin 
ty Voyage at Kartlepool, if there be any Accommo- 
dation where you are, &c. 

* This Examinant then propounded to Mr. 
Mayor, Whether he thought fit he fhould feal 
up the Letter again, and proceed according to 
Mr. Murray's Direction to go to Hartlepool^ or 
whether he {hould away to York. Mr. Mayor 
and Alderman Banner advif.-d that the Exami- 
nant (hould go on to Hart'spool, and give an Ac- 
count to Mr. Mayor of the Succefs of his Jour- 
ney at his Return; which accordingly this Exa- 
minant intended to do, and to that Purpofe took 
his Journey the fame Day, and went as far as 
; Durham on his Way to Hartlepool '; but there 
hearing that the Governor was gone to a Horfe 
Race near Nevjcajtle, and was like to ftay there 
two or three Nights, this Examinant, being 
certainly informed thereof, returned to Ncwcajile^ 
' and gave the Mayor an Account of his Journey. 
And this Examinant further faith, He was ready 
to have done all further Service for the Good of 
the Kingdom ; but while he was gone towards 
Hartlepool, the Mayor fcnt Alderman Bonner and 
Mr. George Dawfon to the Earl of Leven, to ac- 
quaint him with this Letter of Mr . urrays and 
other Probabilities concerning the King's Efcape ; 
defiring him to make as private Ufe of it as pof- 
fibly he could : But the Earl of Leven acquaint- 
ing Mr. Murrey with the Letter, th : s Examinanf, 
the next Morning, being Saturday the fecond ot 
January coming into the Prefence-Chumber 
where Mr. Murray then was, Mr. Murray came 
to him, and fvvore, That this Examinant had be- 
trayed the King and him, for the General told 
him he had a Letter in an Ambufh for him : And 
' farther, the laid Mr. Murray expoftuhted with 
' this Examinant concerning his not goino 1 to 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

e Hartlepool, and charged him v/ith Negligence in 

< the Bufinefs, and inquired where his Letter was ; 

January. '- whereupon this Examinant returned it to Mr. 

' Murray, who (k fired him tocojre tohim about an 

* Hour after, which he accordingly did, 10 know his 
' Pleafure : And then Mr. Murray told him, it was 
' the King's Pleafure / that this Examinant fhould 
' go to the Captain of the Di<*:h Ship and bid him 
' defire of tne Train to victual his Ship; which, 
' as this Examinant belie vt ?, was but a Pretence 

* for his Stay. But this Examinant, fearing the 

* Bufmefs was fo much discovered as that his far- 

* ther Employment might prove not only unfer- , 

* viceaWe to the Public, but dangerous to himfelf, > 

* durfl not proceed any farther in it, but came 

* back to Mr. Mayor, and defired his Advice, and 
' likewife the Afiiftance of his Pafs to get out of the 
' Quarters of the Scots Army, in which he thought 

* it not fafe to flay; which the Examinant accord- 
c ingly received from Mr. Mayor, and went to- 
' wards York, where he was appointed to meet 
' Mr. Alderman Banner and Mr. George Dawfon, 

* who were fent by Mr. Mayor to Major-General 

* Skippon, and to proceed farther in the Examina- 
' tion of this Bufmefs as Occafion fliould be. 

* And this Examinant being farther afked, 

* Whether, by Conference with Mr. Murray or any 
4 other, he knew any Thing concerning any En- 
' ga<j;ement or Refolution of the Scots Army now 
4 in England^ or any Part of it, in Reference to the 
.King, this Examinant faith, That Mr. Murray 
' told him that feveral Regiments of Foot were- 

* furc for his Majefty, viz. The Earl of Dumferm- 
1 line's, the Lord St. dair's, the Regiment of- 

* Durham, the Regiment of Stockton in the Bifhop-. 
< rick of Durham, the Regiment of Hartlepool,. 
' and the Regiment of Timnouth CafHe ; and that 

* Mr. .MwmTyalfo faid that David Leflcy, Lieute- 
' r.ant-General of the Korfe, had given good Hopes. 


' The 


E N G L A N D, 275 

The Lords having read the foregoing Letter and An - Car * * 

Examinations, ordered them to be communicated v ^ , 

to the Scots Commiflioners : That the Gentleman- January. 
Ufher attending their Houfedo attach the Body of 
Mr. William Murray^ and bring him before the 
Lords in Parliament, to anfwer fuch Things as 
{hall be charged againft -him : And that the faid 
Commiftioners be defired to write a Letter to the 
Governor of Ne%vcn/ile^ That Mr. William Mur- 
ray and Sir Robert Murray may be kept in fafe 
Cuftody for that Purpofe. 

Next the Lords proceeded, at the Defire of the 
Commiflioners that were to go to Newcaftle^ to 
name the Servants that were to be about the King, 
both on the Journey and when he came Holdenby. 

2 an. 12. A Letter from the Sects Commiflioners 
ondon^ directed to the Speaker of the Houfe of 
Lords, was read ; wherein the Teftimony of the 
aforefaid Evidence, concerning the King's Efcape, 
is obviated. 

For the Right Honourable the SPEAKER of the 
Houfe of?FERs pro Tempore. 

My Lord) Worcefter-Houfe, 'Jan, 12, 1646-7. 

YEfternight an Examination, with other Pa- 
pers, was delivered up to us by the Com- Sonera Vi!3i 
mittee of both Houfes that are of the Committee "tion'againft 1 '* 
of both Kingdoms. We do intreat your Lord- that charge, 
fhips to communicate our Anfwer prefently to 
the Houfe, and remain 

Tour Lord/hips humble Servants, 


Jan. 12, 1646-7. 

* "1T7E do cbfcrve and take fpecial Notice of 
' VV the Favour of the Honourable Houfes 

* of Parliament, in communicating to us the Ex- 

82 ' animation 

. 2i Car. I. 




^be Parliamentary HISTORY 

amination of Tobias Peaker, together with Ma- 
jor-General Skippon's Letter and the Orders of 
the Houfe of Peers ; fuch Correfpondence and 
making known of Informations of that Kind be- 
ing a very good Way, and often dcfired by us, 
for preventing of Mifunderftanding between the 
Kingdoms: And as to that particular Bulmefs 
we return this Anfwer, That if the Earl of Li- 
ven was acquainted therewith on the laft of De- 
cember, as is informed by that Examinant, it is 
moft ftrange to us that, to this Day, we have 
not the Icaft Hint given us from the North of any 
fuch Thing: Only we are informed, by two 
Letters, that Tobias Peaker had ftolen away the' 
Money, Cloaths, and fome other Things be- 
longing to Air. William Murray ^ and fo efcapedj 
whereupon it is dcfired, in thefe Letters, that he 
may be apprehended, in cafe he comes to London.* 
And altho' no fuch Letters had come, yet there 
is fuch a Contradiction, to pafs over the Impro- 
bability of fome Circumftances in his own Infor- 
mation, as may make the Truth of the Bufinefs 
greatly fufpecled ; for, in one Place, he faith, 
That Mr. Murray fent him to inquire of the 
Dutch Captain, whether he would go out with 
his Ship, notwithftanding any Oppofition from 
Tinmonth Caftle ; yet, in another Place, he faith 
Mr. Murray told him that the Regiment of Tin- 
mouth Caftle is fure for his Majefty. 
* However, for further manifesting the Truth, 
we have, without any Delay, fent the Examina- 
tion, together with the Votes of the Houfe, unto 
the Committee of the Parliament of Scotland, at 
NtrMcaJlle; and have dcfired their Lordfiiips to 
make a perfect and exadt Inquiry into the Truth 
or Falfhood of the Bufinefs, and to i\ turn hither 
a true Information concerning their Proceedings 
therein, which we do not doubt will be fuch as 
the Houfes will be fatisficd with; trailing, in the 
mean Time, that the Informations of a Perion 
accufcd of Theft cannot be of ar.y fuch Value 
with the Honourable Houfes, as to blaft the Re- 

* putation 

of E N G L A N D. 277 

putation ofthofe particular Perfons, much lefsof An. 22 r ar . r 

the Regiments of the Scots Army mentioned in , ]_ '" '__ t 

that Examination. January. 

* And as we (hall never offer to juftify any De- 
linquency or Unfaithfulnefs in any Perfon or Per- 
fons \\-hatfoever in that Army, fo we cannot but 
expecl; that no ether but a charitable and good 
Opinion of them (hall lodge with both the Houfes 
of Parliament, untill there be a real Ground to 
think otherwife of them/ 

By Command of the Commijfioners for the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland. 


Several Letters from York were read in the 
Houfe of Lords, at this Time, from the Parlia- 
ment's Treafurers and the Major-General, con- 
cerning their Manner of paying the Money to the 
Scots, and conveying it away from thence, not . \ 
much to thePurpofe; and nothing elfe intervening 
worth Notice, we pafs on to 

fan. 1 8. The Houfe of Commons had ap- T , ComTTKin , 
pointed a Committee to confider of fome proper gra nt Gratuities 
Reparation to be made to the Members that were to feveral Mem- 
imprifoned tertio Cflroli; and the Report beina; 3"^'*^ 
made thereof this Day, it was agreed to by thu n'j jtioTcar. " 
whole Houfe. 

4 That Mr. 'Holies fhall have 5000 /. for his 
Damages, Lodes, Imprifonmenrs, and Sufferings, 
fuftained and undergone by him, for his Service 
done to the Commonwealth in the Parliament of 
tertio Car oil (a}.' 

The like Refolution in favour of Mr. John 

Seldw, Mr. Walter Long, and Mr. Benjamin Va- 

S 3 lentine; 

(a) -In this Gentleman's Memoir; we find the following Remark : 
' I myfelf, for my Suffering after the Parliament trnio Caro.'i, which 
continued many Yesrs, colt me fome Thoufands of Pounds, and 
' prdjudiced me more, had 5000 /. civen me by the Houfe for <^\ 
' Reparation. I refufed it, and faid, I would not receive a Penny 
' till the public Debts \vt'e paid. Let ai.v or them fay fo muvh, 
* I dcfirc whoever (hall chance to read this, to pardi n me this Folly, 
' I do not mean for not taking the Money, 1 ut feeminp to boaft of 
it. Jmuft again repcr.t the Anoftle's \Vorj, 1 <.-*. l> t nea Fool 

' if 

278 tte Parliamentary H i s T OR Y 

An. azCir. \.kntine; alfo to the Reprcfentitives of Sir John 
46 ' Ellht* Sir Peter Hrym,- . ' ' :Uiam Si 

' Thar <co /. be bellowed in creftiri j- 

ment to Sir Miles tlsbart, :-. Member of the Par- 
liament of turtle d:roli^ in Memory of his Suf- 
ferings' . hi$ acmcc t n. 

' That Mr. Samuel F^jja^ e 1 0,4457. 

12 J. 2</. paid him for his Lolles .inJ Damages, 
fuftained in denying to pay Tonnage and Pound- 
age not granted by Act of Parliament, in Pur- 
fuance of, snd Obedience to, a Declaration and 
Vote of this Houfe. 

' That 5000 /. be affigned to the Reprefenta- 
tives of Mr. Hampden^ in refpecl of the Lofles, 
Damages, and Sufferings fuftained by him in op- 
pofmg the illegal Tax of S hip-Money, and for 
his Service therein to the Commonwealth. 

Jan. 20. The Speaker acquainted the Houfe 
that Sir Peter Kiltigrew was return'd from Ncwcajtle, 
and had brought three Letters, which were open- 
ed and read. And firft a Letter from the King : 

To the Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore t 
to be communicated to the Lords and Com- 
mons of the Parliament of England, aflembled 
at Wenunert and to the Commiflioners of the 

Kingdom of Scotland, at London. 

CHARLES*, Ntwcaftlt, Jan. 15, 1646. 

7 7 IS Majejly hath received, by Sir Peter Killi- 

A Letter from -*^ grew, the Vote of his two Houfes of Partia- 

rte King, at ment O f t ke 31^? of December 1646, about his 

r^cwca e. coming to Hold en by j concerning which his Majefty 

ivlll declare his Pkafure to the ConimiJJioners which 

Jkall come hither for that Purpofe. 


in glorying, but they have compelled ire. It is true I had paid 
' for a Fine impcfed in the King's Bench, \vhich I laid down in 
,* ready Money cut of rry Purfe, a thoufand Marks : This, in the 
' Time of thefe Trci.bles, (wh-n my while tlbtc was kept frcm 
,' me in the Weft, that, fcr ..'ir.e V'ears or thereaboutf, I received 
f thence not one Farthing) was reinaburs'd to me.' 

flfemiin, p. 140, 

tff E N G L A N D. 279 

Next a Letter from the Commiflioners of Scat- An. 22 or. I. 
and was read : v ' ' , 

For tbi Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers, and to the Ho- , 
nourable WILLIAM LENTHALL, Efj ; Speaker 
of the Houfe of Commons, by them to be commu- 
nicated to the Honourable Houjes of Parliament 
ajfembhdat Weftminfter. 

Newcaftbj Jan. 12, 1646-7. 
May it pleafe your Lordjhips 9 

came hither to Nwcaflk, expefling 
fome Commiffioners fhou'd have been there, 
fent by the Honourable Houfes, according to the 
Defires of the Parliament of Scttland^ reprefented 
by their Commiflioners j and having received 
Yefternight a Letter from your Lordfhips, in the 
Name of the Houfes, by Sir Peter KiUigreiv^ 
with the inclofed Vote therein concerning the 
King's M:ijefty's going to Holdenby- Houfe ^ ihew- 
ing that Commiffioners are coming hither, but 
not importing any Treaty at all with us; we 
have fent the Letter and Vote to the Parliament of 
Scotland: And fhall be ready, on all Occaflons, 
to endeavour the Prefervation of the Union be- 
twixt the Kingdoms, with all that Affection and 
Reality which can be expected from 

Tour Lordflnps humble Servant s y 





Then a Letter from General Levcn^ addreflfed 
in the fame Manner as the foregoing: 

-, /,, cv z , And from the 

biewcajtle, Jan. 12, ID46--7. t. ir i O f Leven 
May it pleafe your Lordjbips, relating to the 

T Received a Letter from, your Lordfhips, '^^^ 
( Name of the Honourafc^e Houfes, with the Holdlnby. * 
* inclofed Vote concerning the Difpofing of the 
S Per. 


An. 22 Car. I. 


T.lx Parliamentary HIST ORY 

PciTon of the King; wherein your Lord{hips 
fhevv me that a Committee is to be fent hither 
for that Effect ; and, in the mean Time, defire 
the Continuance of my Care: In Anfwer where- 
unto I (hall aiTure your Lordfhips, that as I have 
been hitherto, with all Faithfulnefs, willing to 
do whatfoever might witnefs my Zeal to the Pub- 
lic ; fo fhall I, with the fame Conftancy, in the 
Particular concerning the Care of his Majefty's 
Perfon, ufe the beft Means and Endeavours 
which may conduce moft to the preferving a fair 
Correfpondence, and maintaining the happy U- 
nion fettled between the two Kingdoms ; and fo 
I remain 

Your Lord/hips moft humble Servant, 

L E V E N. 

Thefe Letters were ordered to be prefently com- 
municated to fuch of the Scots Commiflioners, as 
were then refiding in Lyndon, and alfo to the Houfe 
of Commons. 

A Letter from 
the Scots Parlia- 
poent OD the 
fcroe Occasions. 

Jan. 25. The Speaker acquainted the Houfe, 
that this Morning he received a Letter from the 
Parliament of Scotland, which was opened and 
read. It was addrefled to the Speakers of both 
Houfes, in theufual Form. 

Edinburgh, "Jan. 16, 1646-7. 

Right Honourable, 

OUR Commiflioners at London and Nnv- 
cajlle having received from the Honourable 
Houfes the Vote of the firfr. of January, and com- 
municated the fame to us, we have confidered of 
it as a Bufinefs of very great Concernment to both 
Nations, and therefore have concluded upon the 
inclofed Declaration and Defires ; whereby it 
will appear how willing we are to comply with 
the Refolutions of both Houfes ; how defirous to 
remove all Jealoufies, for ftrengthening the Peace 
and Union, and maintaining a good Underftanding 
betwixt the Kingdoms, fo firmly tied by Solemn 
league and Covenant j and how confident that 


cf ENGLAND. 281 

* they will fatisfy our reafonable Defires, and make An. zz Car. I. 

* the Integrity of our Proceedings and Refolutions, t l6 * 6 ' _ f 

* in all this Bufinefs touching his Majefty, appear, j anu ary. 
' either by Declaration or otherwife, as in their 

' Wifdom they (hall think fit ; whereby no Occa- 
' fion of Calumny may be left to the wicked Ene- 
' mies of either Nation ; and as God has blefled the 

* joint Endeavours of both during our Army's Abode 

* in that Kingdom, fo it will be a great Encou- 

* ragement for us to hope for the Continuance of 

* the fame Blefling for Times coming, that our 
' Refolutions may be known to be one at our Re- 
' moving, in Relation to all the Ends contained in 
' our mutual League and Covenant : And if any 
' Difficulty occur there, for gaining of Time, we 
' defire that the Honourable Houfes may be pleafed 

* to fend particular Inftrulions to their Comrnif- 

* fioners at Newcajlle, with whom we (hall autho- 
' rize purs to concur for the juft Satisfaction of 
' both Kingdoms. We reft 

Tour affeflionate Friend, and Servant, 

Prefed' Parr. 

And likewife a Declaration of the Kingdom of 
Scotland and another Paper was read, viz. 

' \T7 ^ ereas ic P lea ^ ecl God to join the King- 
' W dom of Scotland, England and Ireland, Alfo a Declaati- 
' in a folemn League and Covenant, for Reforma- on of that K-mg- 
tionand Defence of Religion, the Honour and ^jS^Xtf 

t TT r r i TS* ii- Conlent to the 

Happmels of their King, and their own Peace Dei.vering up of 
' and Safety; and, in purfuance thereof, the Scats the King to the 

* Army being in the Kingdom of England, the ( f" n ^. Comoiif * 
4 King's Tvlajefty came to their Quarters before 

c Newark, and profefled he came there with a full 
' and abfolute Intention to give all juft and abfolute 

* Satisfaction to the joint ^Defires of both King- 

* doms ; and with no Thought either to cc ;tinuc 
( this unnatural War any longer, or to make Di- 

* vifion between the Kingdoms i but to comply 

* with 

282 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

' %%"' L c with his Parliaments, and thofc entrufted by them, 

v ' . c in every Thing for fettling Truth and Peace ; 

January. ' and that he would apply liimfelf totally to the 

* Councils and Advices of his Parliaments ; which 
'he did not only profefs verbally to the Commit- 

* tee of Eftates with the Scots Army, but alfo, in 
' his feveral Letters and Declarations, under his 
' own Hand, to the Committee of Eftates in Scot- 
' landy and unto the two Houfes of Parliament of 

* England refpe&ively; In Confideration whereof, 

* and of the Reality of his Intentions and Refolu- 

* tions, which he declared did proceed from no 
' other Ground than the deep Senfe of the bleeding 
Condition of his Kingdoms, the Committee of 

* the Kingdom of Scotland, and General Officers 

* of the Scots Army, declared to himfelf and to the 

* Kingdom of England, their receiving of his Royal 

* Perfon to be in thefe Terms (which is the Truth, 

* notwithftanding what may be fugeefted or al- 

* Ied cd by any to the contrary, within or without 

* the Kingdom) and prefented to him, that the 
e only V ay for his own Happinefs and Peace of 

< his Kingdoms, under God, was to make Good 
his Pn/feffionsfo folemnly renewed to both King- 

< doms : Thereafter Proportions of Peace were not 

* orly (which after ferious and mature Deliberation 
were agreed upon) tendered to him in the Name 
of botr Kingdoms for his Royal Aflent thereun- 

* to; but alfb the chief Judicatures of this Kina;- 

* dom. both Civil and Ecclefiaftical, made their 

Jc and earneft Addrcfles to his Majefty by 
f supplications, Letters, and Commiflioners for 
that End ; and fully reprefented all the Prejudices 
and Inconveniencies of the Delay or Refufal of his 

* Aflent, and, in particular, that this Kingdom 
1 ...uld be necefTitated to join with the Kingdom 
4 of England, to conform to the League and Co- 

* venant in providing for the prefent and future 

* Security of both Kingdoms, and fettling the Go- 
4 vernment of both, as might beft conduce to the 

* Good of both. And the Parliament of Scot' 
* land, being now to retire their Army out of 

^ENGLAND. 283 

* land, have again, for their farther Exoneration, An - " Car. j. 
' fent Commiffioners to reprefent their renewed t _' * ' _* 

* Defires to his Majefty what Danger may enfue January 
' by his Delay or Refufal to grant the fame ; and 

' that till then there was Danger to the Caufe, to 
' his Majefty, to this Kingdom, and to the Union 
' betwixt the Kingdoms, by his coming into Scot" 
' land; and that therefore there would be a joint 

* Courfe taken by both Kingdoms, concerning the 
' Difpofal of his Perfon: And confidering that his 

* Majefty, by his Anfwer to the Proportions of 

* Peace in Attgiijl laft, and alfo by his late Meflags 
' fent to the two Houfes, and by his Warrant com- 
' municated to the Eftates of this Kingdom, has 
' exprefled his Defires to be near to the two Houfes 
' of Parliament : And feeing alfo that the Parlia- 
c ment of England have communicated to the Scots 
' Commiffioners at Newcajile^ and by them to this 
' Kingdom, the Refolution that Holdenby-Hcufe, 
' in the County of Northampton^ is the Place 
' where the Houfes think fit for the King to come 
' unto, there to remain with fuch Attendants about 
' him as both Houfes of Parliament {hall appoint, 
' with Refpcct had to the Safety and Prefervation 
' of his Royal Perfon, in the Prefervation and De- 
f fence of the true Religion and Liberties of the 
6 Kingdoms according to the Covenant : There- 
' fore, and in regard of his Majefty's not giving a 
' fatisfaclory Anfwer to the Proportions as yet, 

* and out of their earneft Defire to keep a right 

* Underftanding betwixt the two Kingdoms; to 
' prevent new Troubles within the fame ; to tefti- 
4 fy the Defire of the two Houfes of Parliament of 
' England and of this Kingdom, for his Majefty's 
' Relidence in fome of his Houfes near the Parlia- 
' ment of England; to prevent Mifmformation, and 
' to give Satisfa&ion to all the Eftates of the Parlia- 
' ment of Scotland; they do declare their Concur- 

* rence for the King's Majefty's going to Holdenby- 
c Houfe^ or fome other of his Houfes in or about 

* London, as (hall be thought fit, there to remain 

* untill he give Satisfaction to both Kingdoms in 




And their farther 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

e the Propontions of Peace ; and that, in the In- 
4 terim, there be no Harm, Prejudice, Injury, nor 
4 Violence done to his Royal Perfon; that there 
4 be no Change of Government other than has 
4 been for thefe three Years paft; and that hisPo- 
4 fterity be no ways prejudiced in their lawful Sue- 
4 ceflion to the Crown and Government of thefc 
' Kingdoms. And as this is the clear Intention 

* and full Refolution of the Kingdom of Scotland^ 
4 according to their Intereii and Duty, in relation to 
4 the King's Majefty, fo they are confident (from 
4 the fame Grounds and manifold Declarations of 
'the Parliament of England] that the fame is the 

* Refolution of their Brethren ; and at fuch a Time 

* they do expect a renewed Declaration thereof, 
4 and that they will give brotherly and juft Satif- 
4 faction to the Defires herewith fent, like as the 
4 Kingdom of Scotland do hereby aflure their Bre- 
4 thren of England that it (hall be their conftant 
4 Endeavour to keep, continue, and ftrengthen 

* the Union and Peace betwixt the Kingdoms, 
4 according to the Covenant and Treaties. 

Extrafled from the Records of Parliament^ fub- 
fcribed by the Earl of Crawford and Lindfay, 
High Treafurer of Scotland and Prefident to 
the Parliament ; witnejjing thereunto the Sub- 
fcription and Sign Manual of me Sir Alex- 
ander Gibfon, of Drury, Knight, Clerk of 
our Sovereign's Ro/ls, Regijler y and Council. 

ALEX. GIBSON, Cfcr. Regr. 
DESIRES of the Kingdom of Scotland. 

Edinburgh^ Jan . 16, 1646-7. 
I. *"T"*HAT a Committee of both Kingdoms 
Jl be appointed to attend his Majefty, and 
prefs him farther for granting the Proportions of 
Peace; and, in cafe of his Refufal, to advife and 
determine what is further neceflfary for continu- 
1 ing and ftrengthening the Union betwixt the 
* Kingdoms, according to the Covenant and Trea- 

4 ties : 

of ENGLAND. 285 

c ties ; and that no Peace or Agreement be made ^n. ^^ Car. I. 

* by either Kingdom, with the King, without the 1646' 

* other, according to the late Treaty betwixt the j anua v 

* Kingdoms. 

II. ~ Next it is defircd, That fuch of the Scots 
4 Nation as have Place or Charge about the King, 
4 (excepting fuch as ftand excepted in the Propo- 
f fitions of Peace) may attend and exercife the 
4 fame : And that none ihall be debarred from ha- 

* ving Accefs to attend his Majefty, who have 
4 Warrants from the Parliaments of either King- 
4 dom refpeclively, or from the Committee of ei- 
4 ther Parliament thereunto authorized. 

III. * It is defired that the one Kingdom aflift 

* the other, in cafe they be troubled, from within 
4 or from without, for this Agreement. 

IV. * That the Kingdom of England would 

* fpeedily condefcend and agree upon fome Corn- 
4 petency of Entertainment for the Forces, which 
4 we are neceflitated to keep up to fupprefs the 
4 Irijh Rebels ; whom, by the large Treaty, they 
4 are bound to fupprefs.' 

Prejuf Parl\ 

The Lords having taken thefe DeCres of the 
Scots Parliament intoConfideration, exprcfled their 
Senfe upon them in the following Refolutions : 

1. 4 That there be no Harm, Prejudice, Injury, 
or Violence, done to the King's Royal Perfon. 

2. 4 That there be no Change of Government 
other than has been thefe three Years paft. 

3. 4 That the King's Pofterity be in no ways 
prejudiced in their lawful Succeflion to the Crown 
and Government of thefe Kingdoms.' 

The Queftion being put, That thefe Votes, now 
cxprefb'd, be fen t in a Letter to the Kingdom of 
Scotland, it was refolved in the Affirmative. 

Then the Defires of the Scots Parliament being 
read a fecond Time, they were agreed to with the 
following Additions, v iz. 


286 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a* Car. I. -f o t h e fi r ft Claufc ofthe fecond Defire, That 
v * * ' j when the King's Houfe comes to be fettled, their 
January. * Lordfhips will do that which (hall be thought 
4 fit, Regard being had to this Defire of the Far- 
Mi?, men t of Scotland.' 

To the fecond Claufe of the fecond Defire, 

* That when any Committees or Commiffioners 

* from the Kingdom of Scotland have Occafion to 

* addrefs themfelves to the King, they do firft give 

* Notice thereof to the Committee or Commif- 
' fioners of the Parliament of England.' 

To the fourth Defire, * That the Lords had 
' been, and will be, ready to make good the Trea- 
' ty between the two Kingdoms, and to confer with 

* any Committee that the Scots Parliament {hall 
' authorize concerninghte Particulars.' 

Then it was refolved, ' That the Papers read 
this Day, with the Votes of this Houfe thereupon, 
be communicated to the Commons at a Confe- 
rence, and their Concurrence defired therein/ 
which being done accordingly, 

Jan. 26. The Earl of Mancbefter reported, 
That the Committee were of Opinion, That the 
Expreflions in the Letter, Declaration and De- 
fires of the Parliament of Scotland^ was fuch a 
Teftimony of the Fidelity of that Kingdom to this, 
that the like was never given by any Kingdom 
to another; and that they had framed the follow- 
ing Letter to be fent to the Parliament of Scotland: 
This being read, w r as agreed to, ordered to be 
fign'd by the Speakers of both Houfes, and fent 
forthwith to Edinburgh by Sir Peter Killegrew. 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS and to the 
ajjembledin the Parliament of Scotland. 

Right Honourable, Jan. 27, 1646. 

And an Anfwer * A Letter from your Lordlhips, dated at Edin- 
fcnt to the Scots JuL burgb the 1 6th Inftant, and the Papers 
< therewith fent having been communicated to both 


of E N G L A N D. 287 

1 Houfes of the Parliament of England, we are An. n Car, f- 

* commanded to return this Anfwer : ' -^ '--* 

4 They do allure their Brethren of Scotland, January. 

* that nothing needs to be faid unto them for re- 
4 moving any Jealoufies out of their Hearts, or 
4 for ftrengthening that Confidence which they 
have in the Affections of that Nation : And they 

* do prefume that the Proceedings of the Houfes 
4 of the Parliament of England, from the very Be- 
4 ginning of thefe Troubles, are a fufficient Decla- 

* ration of their Integrity,and of their conftant Af- 
4 feclion to their Brethren of Scotland. And to 
4 the Defires of the Kingdom of Scotland they do 
return thefe Anfwers : 

4 To the firft, That when the King (hall be at 
4 Holdenby, and the Scots Forces gone out of this 

* Kingdom, both Houfes of Parliament (faving, 
4 according to their former Declarations, the pe- 

* culiar Rights of the Kingdom of England] will 

* then appoint a Committee of theirs, to join with 

* a Committee of the Kingdom of Scotland, to em- 

* ploy their beft Endeavours to procure his Ma- 

* jefty's Aflent to the Proportions agreed on by 

* both Kingdoms and prefented to his Majefty at 

* Newcajlle, and to the difpofmg of the Bifliops 
4 Lands, according to the Ordinance already paf- 

* fed both Houfes in that Behalf. And in cafe the 
4 King fhall not give his Aflent thereunto, the 
' Houfes however are ftill refolved firmly to con- 
' tinueand maintain the happy Union between the 
' two Kingdoms according to the Treaties and 

* Covenant; and that according to the late Treaty 
' between the Kingdoms, no Ceflation, nor any 
' Pacification or Agreement for Peace whatfoever, 
' (hall be made by either Kingdom, or the Armies 
' of either Kingdom, without the mutual Advice 
4 and Confent of both Kingdoms. 

* To the fecond Defire, both Houfes c'o declare 

* That it is not their Intention, by their appointing 
4 of Perfons to wait upon the King in his Journey 

* to Holdenby, to make a Settlement of any Perfons 

4 in 

288 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 2? Car. I. < } n an y particular Places, nor to be any Prejudge 

, * to any of the King's Servants that are of either 

j4nuary. ' Nation, who have adhered to the Parliaments ; 

' and that none (hall be debarred from having Ac- 

* cefs to his Majefty who have \Varrant from the 

* Parliament of Scotland, or from the Committee 
' of that Parliament thereunto authorized, except 
' fuch as are difabled by the Proportions agreed 

* on by both Kingdoms. 

c To the third Defire, The Coming of the 
c King, according to the Votes of both Houfes 
' of the Parliament of England, being agreeable 
' to the Covenant and Treaties ; they do declare 
' that, upon any Troubles that fhall arife to the 
' Kingdom of Scotland for the fame, they will af- 
4 fift them according to the faid Covenant and 
' Treaties. 

* To the fourth and laft Defire, both Houfes 

* return Anfwer, That their Garrifons being deli- 
' vered up, and the *\ots Army and Forces being 

* marched out of this Kingdom, they will take 

* this their Defire into fpeedy Confideration. 

' This being all we have in Command, from 
' the Houfes, we reft 

Your affeftionate Friends and Servants, &c. 

The fame day the Commons fent up a Mefiage 
to the Lords to let them know that, in regard of 
the many urgent Occafions of the Kingdom, they 
intended to fit the next Day, though it was the Fail 
Day ; and to dehre their Lordfliips would be plea- 
fed to fit if they thought fit. Accordingly, 

Jan. 27. Both Houfes met, apd, after ordering 
Thanks to be given to their fever al Preachers for 
the great Pains they had taken, the Earl of Man- 
thejler preienteii the following Letters to the 
Lords, all of them directed to him as Speaker 
of thatHoufe; which were read. And firft 


^ENGLAND. 289 

? Letter from the Earl of PEMBROKE, Earl of An. * Car. i. 
DENBIGH, and Lord MONTAGUE, Commif- t **'_ ,- 
/toners appointed to receive the Perfon of the January. 
King from the Scots Army. 
My Lord, Durham, "Jan. 22, 1646. 

WE are now all together at Durham; fome A Series of LeN 
of us got hither on Horfeback laft Night, ters from the 
others, by reafon of the Length of the Journey f p pS^ e _ 
?nd Foulnefs of the \Vays, not untill this Day. ceive the King 
' At Nortbdllfrion-t where we all arrived late from the Sc ' 
the 20th of this Inftant January, we underftood, ^ommiffion? 
by the Earl of Stamford, Mr. Goodwin, and Air. ers attending the 
Ajhurft, that, by reafon of fome Difference in Payment and 
reckoning the Days, whereof we fuppofe they ^" ge th " e * 
have given you a full Account, the firfr. 100,000 /. 
appointed to be paid by the Treaty, was not 
then received, but was delivered to the Scots the 
next Morning, which was done in our Prefencej 
\vheieupon we computed that the Scots had ftill 
ten Days to remoye their Quarters from this Side 
the Tyne, and to quit the Garrifons of NaiicafiU 
: and Ttnmouth ; and that probably they would 
; not remove out of theit Quarters, which they 
; poffefs all over the Bifhoprick of Durham and the 
: confining Parts of jTork/hire, before the full Time 
; affigned by the Treaty, according to their Com- 
' putation, be expired ; which will be like to in- 
' volve the Service wherein you have employ'd us, 
1 concerning the Reception of the King's Perfon, 
5 in greater Difficulties and more Inconveniences 
1 than were expected ; whilft, upon the account 
' of the Houfes, we hoped the Scots Army (hould 
1 have removed on the North Side Tyne, and the 
' Garrifon of Ncwcajile have been delivered by the 
c 1 5th of this Inftant January: But we {hall faith- 
4 fully endeavour to difcharge the Trull you have 

* repofed in us in this weighty Affair, according to 

* our Inftruclions, intending to be at NewcaJJle 

* To-morrow Morning; and fo we remain 

Your Lordjhip's humble Servants, 


VOL. XV. T A Letter 

290 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ^^ Car. I* A Letter from the Earl of STAMFORD, cne of 
r * 46 ' ike CommiJJiwers appsi-itcd to attend the Pay- 

January! ment an< ^ M Qrc k f ^ e Scots Army. 

Northallerton, Jan. 21, 1646. 

May it pleofe your Lordjhip, 

' 1 Came to York the i3th Day of January, where 
'II found the Money in Telling, and did en- 
' deavour to haften that Work ; but could not pre- 
' vail to get it told before Saturday Morning the 
' i6th, (the Scots Deputy-Treafurers not account- 
' ing Sunday one of the twelve) although I did infift 
' upon it, that, according to the Articles of Agree- ,, 
' ment, it fhould have been difpatched the Night 
' before. 

' The Money and Convoy did march upon Sa- 

* turday, and I was with it at Topdiffic on Monday 
1 by Twelve of the Clock, expecting the Scots 
4 Hoftages. At Night they came, their Names 

* are Sir William Ker, Sir Arthur Forbes, Sir James 
1 V/oid, Robert Douglas, Efq j Alexander Stra- 

* win, Efq ; and Col. IVelden. They had in their 

* Company twenty-one Perfons and twenty -fevea 

* Horfes, to whom we do give the beft Entertain- 
' ment this Country will afford ; it being rcfolved, 
' by Major-General Skippon and the reft of the 
' Officers, that it was very fit they fhould be en- 
' te. tamed upon the Charge of this Kingdom. 

4 We had certain Intelligence the Scots would 

* fetch their Money but with a fmall Convoy ; and 

* we agreeing that they fliould be no nearer than 
4 within two Miles of this Place, did come with 

* the Money and Hoftages to this Town upon 
' T^:fday Night ; expecting, according to our for- 
4 r.'.rr Signification to the Scois General, it fhould 

* have bcea received upon IVedncfday, which we 

* affirmed was the laft Day limited by the Articles 

* for the firft Payment j but the Deputy-Treafurers 
' of the Scots Army, building upon their former 
Mift.xlce, would not receive their Money till 

' I7)urfday Morning j when it was received by 


of E N G L A N D. 291 

Mr. Jibn Drummondi one of the Deputy-Trea- An. 22 Car. r- 
furers to Sir Alexander H.c+>bnrne. Major-Ge- t l6 , 46 '-. * 
neral Skippon did convoy it with two Troops of j^u^y, i 
Horfeand 300 i''oot two Miles beyond this Town, 
where a flight Guard of aboiu 14 Scots Horfe met 
it, and our General return'd back to our Quar- 

' We have alfo, according to our Inftru&ions, 
made two Difpatchcs to the S:6ts General, de- 
firing him to give Order to the Army not to levy 
any Money, or take any Thing from the Coun- 
try but what they pay for ; and that they would 
haften the drawing their Forces Northward, and 
appoint a fet Time for the marching of their 
Forces over Tyne, and furrendering of the Gar- 
rifons on this Side the River. We daily expec-t 
his Anfwer, wherewith, as there fhallbeOcca- 
fion, I (hall acquaint your Lordfhip, and to all 
your Commands yield ready Obedience as be- 

Your Lord/hip's mo/l bumble Servant, t 


P. S. * I cannot omit to let your Lordfhip know 

* the Care and Diligence of Major-General Skip- 
c pan and Colonel- General Point-z, in all Things 

* that concern the Military Part.' 

A Letter from Alderman GIBBS of London 
and Mr. NOEL, Tr 6 a furers for the Scots Money. 

Northallerton, Jan. 21, 1646. 
Ri^bt Honourable, 

' \1t7E being hindered from telling any M^ney 
V ? on Friday laft, through the coafhnt re- 
' fufing of Mr. Alkman^ the Scots A^cnt, to tell 
' any from us that Day, did, on Saturday in the 

* Forenoon, fmifli that Work, and murch'd the 
' Carriages about eight Miles ; and ttie next Day 

* they attained Topclffi. where they reded all 

T 2 ' Mm- 

292 *he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ?i Cr.r. I. { Monday ', ftaying for the Sfr Hoftages, who did 

'_ 6 -> 6 - ^ ' not come tii! that Night. The next Day we came 

fanua "" ' to Nortbaiiertov, having wrote to Lieutcmnt-Ge- 
c neral David LeJJey. and fignified our Defire to 
' have Sir A.<.a,,i Hepburne r ot one of his Deputies, 
' as mentioned in une Articles, to meet us there 

* to receive the Money, and give us an Acquit- 
' tance. On Tuefday Night late Mr. John Dmm- 
' mond came to Town, and on Wednesday IVjorn- 

* ing, fo foon as we heard of him, we wrote a Let- 
' ter to acquaint him with our Readinds to pay the 

* Money that Day, and {hewed the Acquit- 
' tance that we had prepared. The Honourable 
' Ccmmiffioners of Parliament likewife wrote to 

* him to that Purpcfe ; and he being come to them, 
' both they and we offered our Readinefs to pay 
' the Money, and take the Acquittance thot Day ; 
' but nothing we could fay could perfuade him to 
' receive it till the next Morning, beino; this pre- 

* fcnt Day, in which we have paid to himthefirft 
' Payment mentioned in the laid Articles; and 

- received his Acquittance in the Prefcnce of 

* the Right Honourable the Earl of Pembroke and 
' others of the Honourable Commiifioncrs of Par- 
' liament, and it is marched towards Newctrftle. 
' We have the other ioo,oco/. fafehere, and wait 
'for the coming on of the other Dav-, exprc-flcd in 
' the Agreement, fcr perfecting the Work ; whcre- 

* in, by God's Afiiftance, there ihall be all Diligence 

* ?nd 'Faithfulnefs ufed according to the beft Abi- 

* lities of 

Tour Honour's bunible Servants^ 


February. This Month begins with another 
, cf Letters from the North, addrefled to the 
cr of theHoufc of Peers, which we give from 

. Jcurxals. An. 

A Letter 

^ENGLAND. 293 

A Letter from the COMMITTEE appointed to ;v- A "- - 1 Car. I. 
ceive the Perfon of the King from the Scots Anr.y. t *^ '___,* 

My Lord, February. 

\T7E came lo Nevucajlle on Saturday, and 
W on Monday we fent to the King, th; t 
he would be pleafed to appoint when we (hould 
' wait on him, who affigned us this Day between 
4 nine and ten in the Morning; at which Time 

* my Lord of Pembroke fignified to his Majefty 
what we had in Command from the Parliament ; 
whereupon the King fiid, // was a Bujimfs of 
great Concernment, and that it would take Jome 
' Time to give us an Anfwer, for be bad Quteries 
< to make ; and, a little before we took our Leave, 

* he faid, He would fend for us To~ morrow or on 

' We likewife, this Morning, according to our 
' Inftruclions, fignified our Arrival to the Scott 

* CommifHoners and General, who have as yet 

* given us no Anlvver. We (hall fpeedily give 
' your Lordfhips a farther Account, and, upon all 
' Occafions, endeavour to approve ourfelves, 

My Lord, 
Kewcaflle Jan. 26. Your Lordjhips humUe Servants, 



Another Letter from the fame. 
My Lord, 
' \\/E have already given an Account, that 

* * upon Tucfday laft we fignified to the 
' King, the Scots Commiffioners and rhe General, 
' that we were come, by Command of both Houies 

* of Parliament, to receive his M::j; "y's Perfon. 
' Yeflerday we kept the Faft, and his Mnjefty fent 

* to L-t us know, that in that Regard to defer his 

T 3 Anfwer 



Tie Parliamentary HISTORY 

c Anfwer imtill Thurfday. This Morning we re- 
' ceivcd Commands to attend him at four o'Clock 
4 in the Afternoon, which we did accordingly : 
4 And, after fome general Conferences, the King 
' was pler.fed to propound fome Queftions, th 
' Subftance whereof, and of our Anfwers, which 
6 were both by Word of Mouth, are as follow : 
Firft, c His Majefty ;ifk< ( J , Whether we had Power 

* to place or aiff'lace his Servants ; and what Ser- 
( vants heuas to have placed about him? 

' \Ve anfwer'd," TheBoufeshad appointed fome 
* c to attend him in his Journey to Hcldcnby^ a Lift 
" of whofe Names wefhould prcfent unto him. " 

Secondly ' Whether thofe which are now Ser- 

* I'ar.ts^ might not go with him, altho 1 not wait up- 

* an him? 

' Weanfwered, " That if his Majefty would give 
*' us the Names of fuch as he de fired {hould go 
" with him in that Condition, we would then ac- 
'* quaint his Majefty whether they might or not, 
" according to our Inflections. " 

Thirdly, ' I'JShetker be might not fpeak to us fe- 
< verallyl 

' We anfwered, " That if his Majefty fpake 
" ary thing of Moment, we were to acquaint the 
*' Committee with it, without which we could 
*' not dik harge our Truft." 

Fourthly, * Whether he was to appoint the Time 
' cf his going? 

'f We anfwered, tc That we defired his Majefty 

" would ?ppoint a Time; but unlefs it were a 

" fhort Time it v ouid not confift with our In- 

" firuclions, by v-liich \ve \vere commanded to at- 

61 tend him with all convenient Speed to Holder by. ^ 

* Whereupon his Majcfty did declare, That he 

would go with us to Holdenby, and nominated 

Monday or Tiufc'ay to be,: in hisjournty; but 

being told by fome of 1 is Servants, that he could 

net be accorrmocated vith NecefTrrics by that 

Time, he appointed I' cdrefday, \\ hereunto we 

agreed ; and (hall at thr.t Tirr.e be ;c. d\ to wait 

upcn him according unto our Ipfiru6ticDS. 


of E N G L A N D. 295 

We defire that the Committee of the Revenue An - ^ Car. r 

do take Care and give Order that Hsldenby - .' ioufe , ^__j 

be repaired and fitted for the Reception of the February. 
King, and Provifion made of all Neceflknes fit- 
ting for the King in his Journey, and when he 
is come to Holdenby, according to your own Or- 
der s fo we remain, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhip's humble Servants, 

?'* PEMBROKE and 


A Letter from Mjaor-General SKIPPON. 
My Lord, 

Tuefday laft Hartlepool and Stockton were 
quitted by the Scots, and poffefled by our 
1 Forces. The Remainder of the fecond 100 OCO/. 

* Heth this Night at Yarm; and my Regiment, with 
' Sir Robert Pye's, are to guard the fame. Colo- 

* nel Lilburn's and Colonel Hardrefs Waller's Re- 
' giments quarter here this Night ; and the reft 
' of our Forces are as near about us as they 

can be, without mixing with the Scots Horfe, 

which are not as yet on the North Side Tyne, 

' but will be To-morrow ; and on Saturday (as 

4 General Lejley, who is here, told me this Evcn- 

4 ing) they will be all on the North Side Tyne. We 

* had hoped, as their General fent us Word, they 
' would have been this Night fo far Northward of 
' Durham, that we (hould, on Saturday next have 
4 received Newcajlle and Tinmouth Caftle from 

them, for which we are in as much Readinefs as 

* poflible can be; but I doubt it will be fo late on 
' Saturday before they all pafs Tyne, that it will 

* be Sunday, ere we can receive thofe Garrifons. 

' This I thought fit, as in Duty I am bound, to 

' acquaint this Honourable Houfe with ; and to 

T 4 allure 

296 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

affure your Lorufhips, that, bv the Help of Go^ 
nothing (ha',1 bj wanting in me for the Further- 
February ance of this great Public Service in hand ; and 
that I am in this, and upon all other Oecafions, 
to the utmoft of my Power, by the fame Affift- 
ance, molt ready to manifeft myfelf 

Your Lord/hip's meft humble 

and faithful Servant, 
PH. S K I P P ON, 

Durbar,, 'Tan. 2 S, 

H at Night. 

Another Letter from the lajl mentioned COM MI s- 


My Lord, Newcajlle, Jan. 30, 1646. 

' "\\/E have already given your Lordfhips an 
' W Account of what the Earl of Pembroke 
' faidto the King at our firft waiting on him ; and 

* in our laft, of the 28th Inftant, of the King's 
' Queftions and our Anfvvers, which were deli- 
f vered by the Earl of Denbigh this Day. 

'As foon as the Scots Horfe, under the Com- 
' niand of Lieutenant-General LeJIey, had march- 
' ed through this Town, there came to us the 
Scots Commiflioners and the General. The 
? Earl of Lothian then acquainted us, that they 
' had taken their Leave of his Majcfty, and had 

* delivered to him a Declaration from the Kingdom 
' of Scotland^ a Copy whereof was alfo delivered 
'to us by his Lordfhip, which we fend you here 

* enclofed (d)- y whereupon we immediately attended 
6 the King ; and prefentjy after the Scots Guard 
' about the Court were relieved by the Englijh^ 
? without Noife or Disturbance ; and about the 
' fame Time the Keys of Nfivcaftle were deli- 
' verc-d to Major-Gejieral Skippin. The Com- 
' miffioncrs of Scotland and the General have pro- 
' ceeded with that Honour and Candour in the 
f managing of this Affair, that we fhould neither 


(<fl The Declaration of the Sects Parliament, givire thrir Confent 
jp the Kir.g's being removed to, which fte *: iji^e p. iSi. 

of E N G L A N D. 297 

do them nor ourfelves Right, if we did not reprc- -An. a2 car. 
< fent it unto you. We are, .. ' 6 . 4 ''.. 


Lord/hip's humble Servants, 


From Major General S K i P P o N. 

Newcajlle, Jan. 30, 1646, 

nr HIS Day, thro' God's Goodnefs, about 
* Three of the Clock in the Afternoon, 
Newcajlle and all the Works belonging thereto, 
were, by our Brethren the Scots, delivered into 
our Hands, and all their Forces marched out, 
and we are in full PofTeffion thereof; and I hope, 
by God's further Blefling, all Things will pro- 
ceed fairly on to a happy Conclufion in this great 
Bufinefs. I only thought- it my Duty at prefent, 
with all Speed, to advertife your Right Honour- 
able Houfe of this, as I (hall, God willing, in 
any Thing worthy the writing of; and in all 
Things elfe I fhall endeavour to mani f eft myfelf 

Tour Lord/hip's mo/1 faithful Servant, 


P. S. I hear, by others, that the Scots have 
quitted the Caftle of Tinmouth alfo; but as yet 
1 have received no Exprefs thereof from him I 
appointed to receive the fame. The Ccmmif- 
fioners of Parliament have alfo received the Per- 
fon of the King, who is To-day carefully at- 

' This Bearer, General- Adjutant Fleming, is a 
very well-deferving Man; teftifyed by yourLord- 
fhip's true-hearted Servant, 


An. t > Car. I. 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

.Another from Major-General SKIPPON. 

Ncwcnflle, Jan. %j 
My Lord, Six in the M"> . 

ICan affure you I have received an Exprefs 
from hi-n whom I commanded to receive the 
Caftle of Tinmouthj tha. the "ame wa^ <j-. ! - :!y 
and fairly delivered into rur PofTeflion iboia Sue 
laft Night; and I doubt not, thro' ihe Bleffing 
of God, but as Things have happily fucceeded 
hitherto between our Brethren and us, io there 
will be fuch ?n IfTue of the fame as \vill be to the 
Good of both Kingdoms. 

' As further Occurrances {hall happen in thefe 
Parts, they (hall, with all Speed, be certified to 
your Lordfhips, by 

Your Lord/hips faithful and humble Servant, 

A Letter from the COMMISSIONERS appointed to 
attend the Payment and March of the Scots 

My Lord, Newcajlle^ Jan. 31, 1646. 

UPON Monday the 25th Inftant, all the 
Scots Forces did quit Yorkjkire, and upon 
Tuefday following, the 26th, we had PofTeffion 
of Hartlepool and Stockton. Upon Saturday the 
3Oth, betwixt two and Three o'Clock in the Af- 
ternoon, we had Pofleflion of Newcajlle; and 
although it was late before it was delivered, the 
Scots Forces not paffing over Tyne fo foon as we 
had Reafon to expect, yet the General of the 
Scots Army did deal very clearly and freely, and 
did not ftand upon any Thina; that might hinder, 
but was forward to do all Things for the fpeedy 
Delivery of it. His Lordftiip was gone out of 
Town before we entered, after the 500 Men 
that were firft to march into it: but left Order 
to have our Hoftages delivered at the late Go- 

' vernor's 

of E N G L A N D. 299 

vernor's Houfe, which we performed according- A P> * 2 Cu - 
ly ; and did tender unto the Earl of Lothian, .. _'. 
Sir James Lumfden, and fome others of the Februaiy. 
Lords Commiflioners for Scotland, our Hoftages, 
viz. Sir Edward Lvftus, [Vifcount Ely~\ Sir Rich- 
ard Erie, Sir Lionel Tolmache, Sir Ralph Hare, 
Mr. Delaval, and Mr. Mildmay. They did take 
Mr. Delaval' s Word, that he and the reft of our 
Hoftages fliould go to the Scos General ; which 
he did undertake, and took them all to his Houfe 
that Night. We have likewife Pofleffipn of Tin- 
mouth Caftle, Shields, and the reft of the Forts. 
I fliall only add that, according to your Lord- 
fliip's Commands, we did prefs that the Scots 
Army fliould pay for what they did take from the 
Country, as doth appear by our Letters, Copies 
whereof are enclofed. And I held it my Duty 
to acquaint your Lordftiips with the feveral An- 
fwers from the Scots General, Copies whereof 
are likewife enclofed. I fl)alj expect your Lord- 
fliip's further Directions, which fliall be faithfully 
obferved by, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhip's humble Servant, 


P. S. c Major-General Sklppon, and all the 
Forces and Soldiers, have taken great Pains and 
Care, and have had a long and tedious March, 
which they performed with great Chearfulnefs. 
I doubt not but your Lordftiip will take them 
into ferious Confederation, feeing the Shoes, 
Stockings, and Cloths of both Horfe and Foot 
are exceedingly worn out. 

* Befides the Hoftages that we have delivered, 
Sir William Selby did attend at Durham, above 
a Week, about that Service; but becaufe the 
Scots Army is to march towards the Place of his 
Dwelling, and his Prefence at home might be 
ufeful to him, we did, with his own Confent, 
excufe him.' The 

~- o *The Parliamentary H r "s T o R y 

"-r, j. T'^e Letters, &c. mentioned to be inclofed in 
the foregoing. 

And firft, that from the Commiflioners to the 
Earl of Leu en. 

York, Jan. 17,1646. 
May it pie af e your Excellency, 

* \T7 E lately received the inclofed Petition 
' ** from the Hands of Major-General Skip- 
' pan, who had it from the Juftices of the Peace 

4 of this Country ; and having in Charge from | 
both Houfes of Parliament, to fee that no Mo- | 

* ney nor Provision (houlf- be taken by r.ny of your/a 
' Army af'er the Payment ot the hi t 100,000 /. 1 

* as wa: refolved on b-' bo'h Houfes ; and being \ 
'. aiTured that your Lordlhips did permit it to your I 
' EoLicr? or'v in cafe of Neceflity, which we hope } 

* will ' (u i j.-iicd by their Receipt of the firft Pay- 1 
' ment ; we do therefore earneftly prefs that your 

* Exdclleacy would take the Petition into Con- 

* fideration, fo that no Money or Provifion may 
' be taken hy vvay of Anticipation; wherein we 
' doubt not but your Excellency will give prefent 

* Order, which will tend much to a friendly and 

* brotherly Parting, and will be a great Satisfac- 
' tion to both Houfes of Parliament, and to 

Your Excellency's humble Servants, 


The Petition mentioned in the above Letter. 

To the Worfmpful his MAJESTY'S JUSTICES 
affembled in ScJJionfor the North-Riding. 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the diftrejjed In- 
habitants of Cleveland, /' Yorkfhire, 


np HAT a Part of the faid Wapontake hath, 
6 1 for thefe eight Months laft paft, or there - 
abcuts, paid to the Scots Army ^ooo/. per Menf- 

of E N G L A N D. 3or 

< fern and upwards, in Money and Provisions ; An. 22 Car. i, 

* whereby they are fo extremely impoveriflied, that 1646. 

* fome of them have neither Oxen left to till their s \r J 

Ground, nor Seed tofowthe fame withall; that 

* yet notwithftanding the faid Army (hew them- 

* felves fo uncompaflionate of their faid Mifery, 
' that they, or moft of them, do demand, upon 

* Penalty of our Lives, a Month's Pay before hand 

* towards their Advance; which is a Thing alto- 
' gether impoflible for your Petitioners to perform, 
' though it lie upon their Lives. 

The former Premises confidered, their hum- 
< ble Defire therefore is, That you will be pleafed, 
' in Confideration of their deplorable Eftate and 
' wafted Condition, to mediate with fome Perfons 
' of Honour, that the Scots Army may not levy any 
c more Advance-Money: but to give fuch ftricSt 
' Order as that the poor Country be not further 
' charged than it hath been formerly. 

And your Petitioners Jhall ever pray ^ &c. 

"The ORDER of SeJJlons thereupon. 

Ad General. Sejfion. Pads tent, apud Helmfley, dtio- 
decimo Die Januarii, Anno Regni Caroli, &c. 22, 
coram Roberto Berwick, Milit. Georgio Mar- 
wood, Richardo Errington, Ifaaco Norton, Arm. 
'Juftic. ditt. Domini Regis ad Pacem, &c. 

(^EORGE MARWOOD, Efq; one of his 
^ Majcfty's Juftices of the Peace of the faid 
North-Riding, is defired by the Court to repre- 
fent to Major-General Skippon the humble De- 
fire of the Inhabitants of Cleveland; and to be an 
humble Suitor to him on Behalf of this Court, 
that he will be pleafed to afford them his Aflift- 
ance and Mediation, as he (hall conceive moft 
conducing to the Relief of this poor exhaufted 



3 02 

*The Parliamentary H I s T OR Y 

An. 22 Car. I. Another from the lajl-menthned COMMISSIONERS 7 
to the Earl J 


Northatierton, Jan. 21, 1646. 

/V pleafeyour Excellency, 
came to Northallerton with the Money 

upon Tuefuay Night lad, and were ready 
to make the lint Payment upon Wedr.efday, ac- 
cording to our former Letter unto you; L >:, 
being the laft Day limited by the A ci ' s of 
Agreement, at v. hi ~h Time we did make Ten-] 
der of it to your Deputy-Treafurera here ; but : 
they would not receive it untill this Day. And 
now the Money being paiJ, we muft acquaint 
your Lordfhip that we have in Charge from 
boch Houfes of Parliament to take Care that, 
after the Payment of the firft ioc,coc/. your 
Army may not require or take any Money or 
Goods from the Country whstfoever; but that 
they fhall pay for all fuch Provifions or other 
Things as they fhall receive: Therefore we do 
defire your Lordfhip to give prefent and ftri<9: 
Orders to all the Officers and Soldiers under your 
Excellency's Command, that they do not levy 
any more Money, or take any Provifions from 
the Country, but fuch as they fhall pay for; 
which we the more earneftly prefs, becaufe the 
Complaints that came to us are many and loud; 
a true Copy of fome of them we have here in- 
clofed fent your Lordfhip, wherein we are con- 
fident you will give fpeedy Relief. 
* We further drfire the Favour of your Lordfhip 
to appoint us a Day when we fhall receive the 
Garrifons of Stockton and Hartlepool^ and when 
your Forces fhall be drawn to the North Side 
and Northward of the River Tyne; becaufe we 
cannot, by the Articles of Agreement, march 
with the fecond 100,000 /. over the Tees till that 
Time; and fo confequently notftir with it from 
hence, there being no Place able to receive the 
I ' Monies 

of E N G L A N D. 303 

Monies and Convoy nearer than Darlington^ An. ^^ Car. I. 
which is on the North of Tees. t l6 * 6 ' _ M 

' We have formerly made known to your Lord- February, 
{hip, that we have it in Charge that there be no 
mixing of Quarters, to avoid all Unkindnefs be- 
twixt the Forces of both Kingdoms : Therefore 
we doubt not but your Lordfhip will order the 
timely drawing off your Forces, that the Garri- 
fons may be received, our Forces march on, and 
the Monies come to Newca/lle in due Time. 
We have had fo much Experience of your Lord- 
{hip's great Affe&ion to the Good and Peace of 
both Kingdoms, that we are confident a fatisfac- 
tory Anfwer in all thefe Particulars (hall be gi- 
ven to 

Tour Excellency's humble Servants^ 


The Earl o/LEVEN's Anfwer. 
For the Right Hon. the Earl ofSr AMF ORD, and the 
remanent COMMISSIONERS at Northallerton. 

Newcaftle, "Jan. 23, 1646. 
Right Honourable^ 

YOurs of the 2 1 ft came to my Hands this 
Afternoon. I have given ftrict Orders to 
all thole under my Command, that they (hall take 
no Money, by Advance, after their Removal from 
their Quarters, the Copy whereof was fent to you. 
The Complaint, mentioned to be inclofed in your 
Letter, did not come to my Hands; and when 
any 1 come worthy of Cenfure, it (hall be exa- 
mined into, and the Perfons punifhed according 
to their Fault. I have already given OrHers to 
the Governors of Stockton and Hartlepool^ to quit 
thofe Garrifons on Monday or Tutjday next; fo 
that thole Governors will be d her ready to 
deliver the Garrifons, or you will find them emp- 
ty of our Soldiers. 

I gave 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

' I gave Order to the Lieutenant-General of 
Horfe to march to this Side of Tees^ conform to 
the Treaty. This Gurrifon of Newcaflle, and the 
Garrifon of Tinmsuth Caftle, will remove oh Sa- 
turday next the penult of this Month, and all the 
Forces under my Command will be on the North 
Side Tyne that Day. And howbcit there be fix 
Days allowed, after the rendering the Garrifons, 
for the Delivery of the fecond ico,ooc/. yet the 
Committee here, as well as inyfelf, conceive it 
will be a great Burden to the County of Northum- 
berland^ that our whole Army fhould be in thefe 
Parts untill the fix Days be part; and therefore 
we are content that you make all the Hafte you 
can to deliver the fecond 1 00,000 /. and, if you 
pleafe, we fhall receive it upon thefirft, fecond, 
or third Day of February, at the Place appoint- 
ed. This is all I can fay for the prefent, and 

Your Lord/kip's bumble Servant^ 

L E V EN, 


May it pleafe your Excellency, 

1 \T?E have received yours of the 23d Inftant, 
' W and cannot but approve, and thankfully 
acknowledge, your Readinefs therein exprefled 
6 to deliver up Neivcajlle and the Caftle of c Tin- 
< mouth on Saturday next; as alfo your De-fire to 

* receive the Money the firft, fecond, orthird Day 
of February, that fo you may not burden the 
' Country, by lying any longer in it than is of Ne- 
ceflity: A'.l which we have confidered, and ac- 
quainted Major-General Skippon therewith ; and 
' \v, together with him, are very ready to an- 
f\er y~>ur Propofiticns in both; but unlefs theif 
< QiUrters be removed, \vhercwitn we have in 
cii T^e not tc5 mingle, that we may march with 

* ( ur F-'-ces, and quarter ncrr Kewcajlle on Fri- 

'.-, '-\< , ( -. Cj it \vili not be poifible for us to obferve 


ef E N G L A N D. 305 

, o\ir Inftru&ions and the Articles of Agreement, An - " Car< 

* and receive the Town of Newcajlle as is propo- . ' * ' 

* fed by your Lordfhip ; therefore we make it our February. 

* earned Requeft to your Excellency to remove 

* your Forces out of Durham, Northward, on 
' Thurfday, that we may quarter there ; and on 
''Friday to draw oft all your Forces to the North 

* of Tyne, that our Forces may quarter near New- 

* cajlle on Friday ; and that we have Notice of 
' your being on the North Side of Tyne accordingly, 

* fo that our Forces may quarter near to New- 

* cajlle. We fliall then draw the Money to the 
' North of Tees and march it forward to Newcajlle^ 

* while our Forces are receiving the Town and 

* Garrifons, according to the Articles ; which 

* Rendition we defire may be done timely on Sa- 

* iitrday, and fo the Expedition exprefTed by your 
' Excellency, and willingly embraced by us, may 

* be accompliflied ; artd then we doubt not but to 

* pay the Money on the firft, fecond, or third of 

* February , that the Country may be eafed ; which, 
' together with yours, is our moft earneft Defire. 

' And further we befeech your Excellency to 

* give us Leave (as we have in Charge) to renew 

* 'our Defires, that your Lordftiip would give pre- 

* fent Order that your Army, having now recei- 

* ved the firft ioo,ooo/. may pay for whatfoever 

* they take of the Country. By all which we 

* hope there will be a happy Conclufiort, to the 

* Glory of God and the Peace and Tranquillity of 

* thefe Kingdoms, anfwerable to the Defires of, 

My Lord, 


.i5, 1646. iwr Lordjhtp J humble Servants, 


P. S. * We fend your Excellency the Com- 

* plaints we mentioned in our Letter, which were 

* omitted by our Secretary/ 

VOL. XV, U <n t 


306 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a* Car. I. <fhe Earl of LE YEN'S Anfwer to the foregoing. 
' February. Newcajlle, Jan. 26, 1646, 

Right Honourable, 

Received your Lordfliip's Letter, defiring our 
Quarters to be removed, that you may march 
' with your Forces near Ne-wcajlle on Friday, 
' wherein I (hall be moft willing and ready to give 
your Lordfhip all the Satisfaction which can be 
' expected from one who wifheth an happy and 
' fpeedy Clofe of the Bufmefs ; having accordingly 
' given Orders to the Forces on South Side Tyne^ 
' fo to order and haften their March, that thofe 
Parts being^ cleared of them, your Forces may 
repair to Durham and Gatefide againft the Time 
' defired ; and that the Garrifons of Newcajlle and 
' Tynmoutb Caftle may be delivered againft the 
' Time limited by the Articles of Agreement. 

* There (hall be no Lofs of Time on our Part, 

* but all Care and Diligence ufed to prevent the 
' Time, if it could be poffible, in the Rendition 

* of your Garrifons and marching of our Forces, 
' which {hall be all, both Horfe and Foot, on this 
' Side Tyne on Friday next, the iQth Inftant. 

' And whereas your Lordfhip renews your De- 

* fires that the Army may pay for whatsoever 

* they take in the Country ; as I did, by former 
Orders, ftriclly prohibit the levying any Cefles 
4 after the Removal of the Army from the gene- 
' ral Quarters, and the Demanding of Money by 

* way of Advance, fo fhall fpecial Care be had 
c that nothing be taken but neceflary Entertain- 

* ment for fubfifting on the March untill the Mo- 

* ney be diflributed ; and no Caufe of Offence be 

* given, but a fair and friendly Part obferved, to 

* the maintaining and ftrengthening of the happy 

* Union between the Kingdoms, which is the 
' conftant Dcfire o 

Your bumble Servant, 

L E V E N. 

tf E N G L A N D. 307 

Feb. 2. This Day was read a Letter from the An. 
Scots Commiflioners redding in London, relating to 
the Report of the King's intended Efcape, and February 
the Charge againft the Scots General, &c. of being 
privy thereto. 

For the Right Hon. the SPEAKER of the Houfe of 
PEERS pro Tempore, to be communicated to 
both Houfis of Parliament. 

jyorcefter-Houfe, Feb. I, 1646. 

Right Honourable^ 

4 \TfE having received from the Committee Letter* and Exa- 
W of both Houfes the Examination of To- minations vm&- 
bias Peaker, with fome other Papers, forthwith "oXe^hwg'e 
fent the fame to the Committee of the Parliament of affifting in the 
* of Scotland at Newcaftle ; who, having taken the King's intended 
4 Bufmefs into their ferious Confideration, as highly Ecapc * 
1 reflecting upon our Armies in the North of this 
4 Kingdom and Ireland, and upon fome Perfons of 
' known Integrity ; having alfo fpent two Days in 
the Examination thereof and of fuch Perfons as 
' they had the Conveniency to examine upon the 

* Place, have returned unto us the inclofed Papers to 
be communicated, to the Honourable Houfes with 
8 their own Letter. By all whi$h it may appear 
how little Credit is to be given to the Informa- 

* tions of Tobias Peaker, who is alfo contradicted 
' by the Earl of Leven in that Particular which 

* concern'd his Excellency; whofe Declaration, 
we truft, will weigh very much with the Honour- 
able Houfes, and that no Jealoufies (ball be en- 

* tcrtained after fuch real Teftimonies of our Ar- 

* my's Faithfulnefs to the Nation, and their fiiend- 

* ly Parting. We are 

Tour Lordjhips mo/J humble Servants, 


U 2 The 

*lhc Parliamentary HISTORY 

Letter from the SCOTS COMMISSIONERS at 
Newcaftle, addre/ed to both Houfes, with the 
February, Papers referred to in the foregoing. 

Jan. 22, 1646-7. 
Right Honourable ', 
' r 1 Aving feen the Examination of one Tobias 

* 71 Peaker, which, by your Order, was com- 

< fhunicated to our Comtniflioners at London, and 
their Paper of the 1 2th of this Month, given in 
to both Houfes, we found it neceflary, for the 
clearing of a Bufinefs of fo great Confequence, 

< which reflected fo much upon this Army, the 
' Scots Army in Ireland, and feme Chief Officers 

< of known Integrity, to make as exa& a Trial of 
the Bufmefs as we could + which we have done, 

* and fent up the Examinations to our Commif- 

* fioners, to be communicated to your Lordfliips. 

* The Lord-General doth alfo declare to us, that 
he never did communicate any fuch Letter to 
' Mr. Murray as is mentioned in the faid Pecker's 
Examination ; nor ever did tell Mr. Murray 
' that he had any Letter in Ambufh for him. 

* This Army hath given fo many undeniable 

* Teftimonies of their fidelity to this Caufe, and 
conftant Affe&ion to the Parliament of England, 

* and we find the Perfons, mentioned in the faid 

* Peaker's Examination, fo innocent of the Things 
laid to their Charge, that we confidently expect 
' that the Honourable Houfes will not give fuch 

* Countenance to the Information of a Fellow, 
who, upon Examination, appears to be infamous, 

* and a Thief j as, by proceeding in this Bufinefs, 
' to feem to give Credit to his Information, 

* which fo much afperfes this Army, whofe 

* Integrity hath ever appeared, notwithstanding of 
c any fuch falfe Informations ; efpecially at fuch a 
' Time as this, when, after all their Aclions and 
'Sufferings, they are now in marching home ac- 
' cording to the Treaty ; which, God willing, 
flull be, on our Part, punctually perform'd : 



' And as we have been careful in every Thing to 
' give all juft Satisfa&ion to the Honourable Houfes, 
' fo (hall we continue conftantly to (hew our DC- ^February, 

* fires to keep and ftrengthen a good Correfpon- 

* dency betwixt the Kingdoms, and to witneis 
that we are 

Tour Lordjhlp* humble Servants^ 



EXAMINATION of Mr. LEVIT before the Right 
Honourable the COMMITTEE refiding with the 
Scots Army at Newcaftle. 

Newcajlle, Jan. 21, 1646-7. 

' ~T"*HIS Examinant faith, That he never deli- 
' A vered 100 /. to Tobias Peaker , nor any o- 
' ther Sum of Money; nor ever put any Money 
' under Mr. Murray's. Bed, He adds, That he 
'never fpoke with the Dutch Captain: That ne- 
' ver any Difcourfe paft betwixt him and Peaker 
' concerning the King's Intention to go away, or 
4 his fitting up late the 25th of December: Butaf- 
firms, That the King went to Bed that Night at 
' his ordinary Hour; and that he never knew or 

* heard any Thing of the King's Intention to 
' efcape : That he knew nothing of Peaker^ go- 

* ing out of Town; but certainly underftood him 
' to be difcontented ; and that Peaker had faid to 
' him, Wai ever Man fo abufed as to be put out 

* of his Place?* 



^ "Jan. 21, 1646-7. 
' "TpHIS Examinant faith, He never knew any 

* X Letter fent by Mr. Murray to the Gover- 

* nor at Hartlepoil, more than by the Report of 
fobiaf Peaker' $ Information : That he fent 

U 3 Peaker 

3x0 ^he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. zz Car. I. Peaker not long ago a Horfe, as, upon divers 

t l6 j 6 ' , * Occafions, to others of Mr. Murray 's Servants; 

Febni-rv ' ^ ut ne ne i tner afked him, nor knew whither he 

was going : And that he had been with Mr. 

' Murray at the Gate oftner than once; but nei- 

* ther remembered the Time, nor that they ever had 
' any particular Difcourfe. That he never fpoke 
' with the Dutch Captain. 


' of 'the Dutch Ship lying in the River Tyne. 

Newcajile, Jan. 21, 1646-7. 
" I ' HIS Examinant fays, that he knows Mr. 
4 1 William Murray ; but that he knows no 
Body by the Name of Tobias Peaker : That he 

* never received any MefTagc from Mr. Murray, 
' but that one Mr. Murray a(ked him, If he would 

* carry a Gentleman 1 to Holland that the King 

* meant to fend ; and that his Anfwer was, He 

* would willingly do fo, when his Ship was ready 
' and the Wind ferved j but that Mr. Murray did, 

* never infmuate to him any Thing of the King's 
' going beyond Seas no more than the Child that 
' was born Yefterday. 

' That he further faith, He never received any 
' Money from Mr. Murray^ nor from any other 
4 in his Name : That on the 25th of December no 
' Creature laid on board of his Ship, as fer.t front 

* Mr. Murray i as he had formerly avouched to 

* the Mayor of Newcajlle : And that no Man nor 
' Woman in England ever afked him if he might 
4 go to Sea, Night or Day, notwithftanding any 

* Oppofition from Tynmcuth Cafllc ; nor did any 
w ' Body elfe oft'er to fpeak to him fuch a Thing.' 



Newcajile, Jan. 21, 1646-7. 
c '"""HIS Examinant fays, That he knows 

* J. Tobias Peaker : He never fent him, nor 

* any other, to bid the Captain of the Dutch Ship 

* to 

*f ENGLAND. 311 

f to come to his Lodgings : That he never An. 2 i Car. 
' fent Tobias Peaker, nor any other, to deliver l6 + 6> 
' TOO/, or any other Sum of Money, to the February. 
' Dutch Captain ; and that he never gave him 
' any himfelf ; nor Mr Levit^ nor no other by 

* his Order: That he never heard any Difcourfe 
' betwixt Tobias Peaker and Mr. Levit^ concern - 
' ing the King's fitting up late on the 25th of 
' December: That he once afked the Dutch Cap- 
' tain, if he would tranfport a Gentleman whom 
f the King intended to fend into Holland; and 
' that the Captain's Anfwer was, He would, when 
' he was ready and Wind ferved : That he neve* 

* fpoke any Thing to Peaker of the King's Inten- 
' tion to go beyond Seas : That he never fpoke to 
' him of Ireland, or Montrofe fiding with the King : 
' That he never told Toby y Becaufe the Wind was 

* out of the Way they muft feek another Courfe : 

* That upon the King's Defire to know if there 

* might be a Ship had to fend one beyond Seas, he 
6 had fent Toby to Hartlepoole, with a Letter to the 

* Governor, to enquire for one ; but that he knows 
' not whom the King meant to fend in her : That 
' the Earl of Leven never fpoke to him any Thin 
' of that Letter : That he never rebuked Toby for 

* betraying the King or difcovering his Intentions, 
' or any fuch Purpofe; but once in the Prefencc- 

* Chamber he chid him for .net giving him an Ac- 
' count of his Money, and not paying, according 
' to his Directions, feveral Perfons confiderable 
4 Sums of Money delivered to him for that Effect 

* That he r\ever fent Toby to the Dutch Ship ; nor 
' ever defired the Captain, by him or any other, to 
' victual his Ship : That he never fpoke to Toby one 

* Word concerning any Regiments, Troops, or 
' Perfons of the Scats Army {landing for the King : 
' And that he never mentioned to him the Name of 

* David LeJJey^ whom he had not feen for divers 
' Years, till after Toby was gone away from New- 
' caftle : That he had feen Sir Robert Murray A\- 

* yers Times at the Sign of the Angd\ but never 

U 4 'had 

An ' 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

* had any Difcourfe with him there to his Re- 

* membrance.' 

Feb 3. The Lords took into Confideration the 
Examination of Tobias Peaker^ and the Papers read 
Yefterday from th~ Scots Commiffioners concern- 
ing him'. They were ordered to be referred to a 
Committee of that Houfe, who were to fend for 
the faid Peaker and examine him, and report the 
fame to the Lords : in the mean Time he was to 
lie in Cuftody. Ordered alfo that thefe Papers be 
communicated to the Houfe of Commons at a 

ALetter from the 
attending the 
King, concerning 
his Majefty's 
writing in Cy- 
phers to the 
Breach Agent. 

Feb. 8. This Day came more N ews from 
cajlle, by Letters, &c. read in the Houfe of Peers, 
and were in bacVerba: 

To ike Right Hon. the Earl cf M ANC H E STE R, 
Speaker to the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore. 

Durham^ Feb. 3, 1646. 
My Lord, 

UPON Monday laft there fell out an Ac- 
cident, whereof we think it very fit to 
give you this Account : One Mr. Mungo Mur- 
ray^ formerly his Majefty's Servant, but never in 
Arms, was permitted by us to take his Leave of 
the King in the Prefence-Chamber j and, being 
called aude, had a Paper put into his Hand by his 
Majefty ; which being obferved, upon Examina- 
tion he denied it not, but willingly fuffered the 
faid Paper to be taken out of his Pocket, where- 
in were written fome Lines all in Cyphers, and 
directed to be by him delivered to the French A- 
gent. Hereupon, tho* by his own earneft Pro- 
teftation, and by his Ingenuity in not denying it, 
we had Reafon to believe he was furprizedby 
the King ; and altho' we had no exprefs Power 
of impriioning contained in our InftrucTiions, yet 
for deterring others from the like Boldnefs, and 



' for preventing of Inconveniences, we thought An- 

' fit to take upon us to commit him ; but the Earl v 

' of Lothian giving a very good Teftimony of him, February, 
f and undertaking for his Appearance at the Com- 
? mand of the Parliament; and confldcring in all 

* Jikelyhood he had no Foreknowledge of his Ma- 
jefty's Intentions, or any other Defign therein, 
' we thought fit, after two Days Imprifonment, to 

* relcafe him, upon Condition to render himfelf 

* when and where you (hall appoint. 

' The King came this Day from Newcaftle to 
4 Durham, where he arrived by two of the Clock 
f in the Afternoon ; and the Reafon why we take 
' no long Journeys is to avoid fuch Inconveniences 

* as poflibly might befal! us in travelling late in the 
? Evening. 

4 Some of the Mufcovia Company have impor- 
' tuned us for Leave to move his Majefty for a 

* Letter in his Name, to the Emperor of Rujjia? 

* the Effect whereof is as follows : 

1. * An Excufe for his bnperial Majeflys Mef- 

* f en g ers n t having Accefs to the King, by reaf.n of 

* the Ho/? Hi ties in this Kingdom. 

2. ' To condole the Death of the late Emferar. 

3. '7*0 congratulate the happy Enthronement of 
' his Sw fhe prefent Emperor. 

4. ' 7 r j drjire a Continuation of the ant lent League 

* and Amity betwixt the two Crowns. 

5. * To defire the Refettlement of the antient Pri~ 
vileges formerly enjoyed by the Englifli Nation. 

6. ' To recommend the Perfon of Spencer Bret- 
ton, now rejident at the Emperor's Court , to be 
Agent there \ untill his Majejly Jhall fend his Am- 

' The Letter propof-tl, being the fame in Sub- 
fiance which the Parliament have exprefTtd by 
two feveral Letters to his Imperial Majefty, the 
Company defires that the King's Majefty will be 
gracioufly pleafed to fign the fame: And they 
alledge it to concern the Trade very much, and 
to be no other th^n what hath been permitted 


3 i 4 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 22 car. I. c i n like Cafe to the Tar/fry Company; but we haye 

, , * referred them to your further Directions, which 

Febmary. ' (hall be be alfoobferved by, 


Your Lord/hips humble Servants^. 


P. S. * We fend your Lordfliips here inclofed 
c the Copy of the Cypher we took from Mr. Mur- 
< ray: 

Orders thereup- The Lords ordered that it be referred to the 
Earls of Lincoln and Warwick,, and the Lord War- 

ton, todifcover the above-mentioned Cypher; and 
that the Letter from theCommiffioners be commu- 
nicated to the Houfe of Commons : \Vhich being 
done accordingly, 

Feb. 9. The Commons fent up a Draught of an 
additional Inftru&ion for Philip Earl of Pembroke^ 
and the reft of the Cornmiflicners that had the. 
King in Cuftody; which was to this Effect: 
' You are to take fpecial Care to prevent the 
fecret conveying of any Letters, Papers, or Mef- 
fages, to or from the King ; and for that Purpofe 
you, or any three of you, have hereby Power to 
examine and fearch all or any fuch Perfons or 
Packets as you {hall think fit. And alfo to fe- 
cure and reftrain the Perfons of fuch as you fhall 
thereupon fee Caufe, untill the Plcafure of both 
Houfes of Parliament be known; and you are 
alfo, from Time to Time, to give Notice to 
both Houfes of your Proceedings therein.' 

The Lords agreed to this Inftru&ion, and de- 
clared their Approbation of Mungo Murray's Com- 
mitment by the Commiifioners. 


cf ENGLAND. 315 

Two more Letters from Ne-wcajlle were read An. or. I. 
phis Day; one from the Earl of Stamford, the; t ' *--- J 
other from the Parliament's Treafurers ; but con- February, 
tain nothing, fave informing the Houfes that the 
other IOO..OOO/. was paid to the Scots, that they 
were all marched homewards, and had returned 
back the Englijl) Hoftages who were treated nobly 
by them. 

Feb. 12. Further Intelligence from the North 
was communicated to the Lords in the following 
Letters : 

To the Right Honourable the SPEAKERS of both 
Heufes of the Parliament of England. 

Edinburgh, February 5, 1646-7, 
Right Honourable, 
1 IT7 E have received your Lordfliips Letter, A Letter from the 

* W dated at Jfejlminjler the 2jth of Ja- Scots Parliament 
( nuary laft. As this Kingdom hath, by their En - to both Houfe5 ' 
' gagement in this Caufe, and their faithful Pro- 

' fecution of it, manifefted their AfFe&ion to their 
' Brethren of England, having had many Expe- 

* riences of the brotherly KindnelTes of the Parlia- 
' ment of England, we hope your Lordfliips will 
' fully agree with what has been declared and de- 
' fired by us in our late Addrefs. 

' Our x^rmy is now on their March homeward, 
c many of the Garrifons are already delivered, and 
' what remains on our Parts (hall punctually be per- 
c form'd; and, as foon as we have difbanded our 

* Forces, excepting fuch as we are neceflhated to 

* keep up for fupprefling thefe frefh Rebels and 
' their Adherents, who have for a long Time in- 
' fefted this Kingdom, we intend to authorize 
' Commiflioners to join with thofe that fhall be 

* fent by both Houfes of the Parliament of Eng* 
1 land, for obtaining his Majefty's Aflent to the 
' Propofitions, and for agreeing to what (hall be 
' further propounded or thought neceflary for pre- 

* fcrving and ftrengthening the happy Union of 


3 1 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. Car. I. < thcfe Kingdoms ; the perpetuating whereof (hall 
_ l6 * 6 ' j ' ever be the earned Defires and conftant Endea- 

FeWuai). * rours of 

Tour affeElionate Friend and Servant, 

Prt/uf Parr. 

Feb. 13. A Letter from the Earl of Pembroke, 
with a Declaration inclofed, was read, viz. 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker cf the Hoafe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord, Leeds, Feb. <), 1646. 

rd^SffiU-' VJ Y y ur Lord{hi p' s Letter y u have been 

with the ' *-* pleafed to give us Notice of their Lordfhips 
*t' * Approbation and Acceptance of our Endeavours 

to ferve them : We defire that, by the fame 
< Hand, our humble Thanks may be returned to 
their Lordmips, with this AfTurance, that from fo 
' great a Favour we cannot but receive Encou- 
' ragementto improve our Services to the beft Ad- 
' vantage. 

The King came to Ripon on Saturday Night 
' laft, where he refted upon the Lord's Day. A 

* little before Dinner many difeafed Perfons came, 
' bringing with them Ribbons and Gold, and were 
' only touched, without any other Ceremony. 
4 We are now at Leedt, where Hundreds attend iri 
' the fame Manner ; and fpr that it may be of very 

* dangerous Confequence to his Majefty's Perfon 

* and Safety, and otherwife inconvenient, we have 
' agreed to publifh a Declaration, the Copy of 
' which we here inclofed fend you j and if you 
4 {hall think fit of an other Way to prevent this 

* Inconveniency, none fhall be more ready to obev 

* your Commands than 

Tour Lordjhip' 3 faithful Servants, 


of E N G L A N D. 317 

The DECLARATION referred to in the foregoing *" Car. I. 

Hereas divers People do daily refort unto February, 
the Court, under Pretence of having 
the Evil ; and whereas many of them are in Their Declart- 
Truth infe&ed with other dangerous Difeafes, '" again* Per- 
and are therefore altogether unfit to come into be^oud^d"^ W* 
the Prefence of his Majefty : Thefe are there- Majcfty for the 
fore ftriclly to require and charge all Perfons Evil, 
whatfoever, which are difeafed, not to prefume 
hereafter to repair unto the Court, wherefoever 
it be, upon Pain of being feverely puniflied for 
fuch their Intrufion ; and we do further require 
all Sheriffs, Mayors, Bailiffs, Conftables, and 
other Officers to fee this our Order publiflied. 
Dated at Leeds the qtk Day a/" February, 164.6. 
J3y Command of the Cornmijjioners appointed by 
both Hoiifes of Parliament to attend the King's 
Per fan at Hold en by. 

Secretary to the CommiJJionen. 

Feb. 1 5. About this Time the Populace began to 
(hew a Diflike againft the Exife, which they had 
long groaned under: And this Day a great Tumult 
happened mLondon t the Mob riflng in Smithfeld^ 
pulled down the Excife- Office, and did more Mif- 
chief ; but, by the Vigilance of the City Magi- 
ftrates, they were fupprefFed, many of them taken 
and fcnt to Prifon: However, on this Warning, 
the Commons thought proper to frame a Declara- 
tion of the Grounds for laying and continuing the 
Excife, which will fall better in the Sequel. 

Feb. 1 8. A Letter was read from the Earl of 
Pembrckf y and the other Commiffioners, with 
Advice that the King was come to Holdenby ; ad- 
drefs'd to the Speaker of the Houfe of Peers. 

My Lord, Holdenby -, Feb. 16, 1646. 

* L> Y the Providence of God, which hath gone 2j3JiIt 
D along with us from the firft Step to the lafl HoUcni>/. 
' in this Journey, the King is corne well to Hsl- 

318 e fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. aiCar. I. < 

dsnhy. Col. Greaves^ who commanded the Con- 
voy, has managed his Truft with great Care and 
February. ' Vigilancy, and hath performed extraordinary Du- 
' ty in his own Perfon, which we hold ourfelve$ 
' obliged to reprefent unto you. 

' We have here 900 Horfe and Dragoons, which, 

* quartering within a little Compafs, cannot but 

* be very burthenfome to the Country 5 and there- 
' fore intreat your Lordfhip to move the Houfes to 

* give fpecial Directions for their Pay. We are 
' here now, after five Weeks fpertt in that Service, 

* attehding their further Orders, according to the 
' Commands laid upon us in our firft Inftru6lions. 

' Our Hope and earned Defire is, that our Em- 
1 ployment being come to this Period, you will 

* pleafe to move their Lordfhips to enjoin us to 

* wait upon them at London; which we fliall ac- 

* knowledge a very great Favour done to, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lfrdjhip'i faithful Servants, 


We have now gone through our Account of 
<The Sentiment! the Bine's throwing himfelf into the Hands of the 

of the Contem- c . *= JL-II- i * n 

porary Writer* Scats Army, and their delivering up his Majefty's 
upon the charge Perfon to the Parliament's Commiflioners, as it 

offcUin th thc COt8ftands in the J ournali of both Houfes. A Crif 
King.'"" of Engli/b Hiftory much canvafied, but, in our O- 

pinion, hitherto not well underftood. Every one 
knows that the Scots Nation have been, and are 
ilill, blamed for giving up their natural-born King, 
who had fled to them for Protection, into the 
Hands of his Enemies. Nay, fome do not ftick to 
fay that he was actually fold by them. EngHJh 
Hiftorians, as well as Englijb Tradition, are not 
wanting to ftigmatize the Scots Nation with this 
Piece of Merchandize. Therefore, before we enter 


of- ENGLAND. 319 

upon other Matters, we fliall exhibit the Sentiments An. zz car. I. 
of the feveral Contemporary Writers relating to t l6 * 6 * j 
this Tranfaftion. February. 

Mr. JWntlacke (1} tells .us, { That on the 24th 
of September, a new Committee was appointed of 
both Houfcs, to treat with the Scots Commiffioners 
about difpoftng of the King's Perfon ; which was 
pUrpofely named to carry on the Defign intended ; 
That the latter End of December there began to 
be an Underftanding between fome here and the 
Scots, for their delivering up of the King's Perfon 
to the Parliament : That the King was much 
difpleafed with that Nation for delivering him up ; 
and that he alfo difliked going to Holdcnby on ac- 
count of the Air : But that the Scats laid hold 
of his Majefty's refuting to take the Covenant and 
to fign the Proportions, for their Excufe. He adds, 
That the Parliament at Edinburgh had voted, * If 
his Majefty fhould have Thoughts of coming thi- 
ther at that Time, he having not fubfcribed the 
Covenant, nor fatisfied the lawfull Defires of his 
Subjects in both Nations, they had juft Caufe to 
fear the Confequences of it might be very dange- 
rous, both to him and to thefe Kingdoms; which 
they defired might be timely prevented/ And 
that if they fhould now receive his Majefty, 
it would be contrary to their Engagements with 
England arkl the Treaties.' And that a Scots 
Lord told the King, If he did not fign the Cove- 
nant, they muft give him up to the Parliament of 
England, and it would fall heavy upon him and 
his Pofterity.' 

In another Place this Memorialift informs us, 
That the aforefaid Vote was carried, in the Scots 
Parliament, but by two Voices. That the King 
afked the Scats Co.nmiflioners, JVhy he might 
not go into Scotland, when he came to their Ar- 
my for Protection? And they anfwered him, c Be- 

* caufe he rcfufcd to fign the Covenant and Propo- 
' fitions j therefore they were to deliver him to the 

* Commiflicr.crj of the Parliament of England^ who 

* were 

(t] MtnisiJt, p. 127, 135, Z3% 24.0. 

^io The Parliamentary 

An. Car - * * were come to attend him to Holdenby-Houfe.'^- 
1646. That the King defired the Englijh Commifiioners, 

* - who had. then received him from the ScotSj to fend 

t the Parliament, that he might have two Chap- 
lams, who had not taken the Covenant,' to go with' 
hi'm to Holdenby. And, on their Refufal, amongft 
fome other Difcourfe, the King, as was reported 
by fome, faid, That be was bought and fold? 

Lord Clarendon begins with telling us (c), c 'f'hat. 
when the Scots had fecured the Peace and Quiet of 
their own Country, by getting the King to fend 
pofitive Orders to the Marquis of Montrofe for 
difbandmg of his Forces, and transporting him- 
felf beyond Sea, which he obeyed : And when 
they had, with fuch Solemnity and Refofution, 
made it plain and evident that they could not, 
without the moft barefaced V iolatiorf of their Faith 
and Allegiance, and of the fundamental Principles 
of the Chriftian Religion, evre deliver up their 
native King, who had put himfelf into their Hands, 
into thofe of the Parliament, againft his own Will 
and Confent : And when afterwards they began 
to talk fturdily, and denied that the Parliament 
of England had Power, absolutely, to difpofe 
of the Perfon of the King without their Appro- 
bation ; to which the Parliament as loudly re- 
plied, That they had nothing to do in England but 
to obferve their Orders; and added fuch Threats 
to their Reafons, as plainly (hewed they had a 
Contempt of their Power, and would exact Obe- 
dience from them, if they refufcd to yield it. Yet, 
adds our Author, thefe Difcourfes were only kept 
up till they could adjuft all Accounts between them, 
and agree what Price (hould be paid for the Delive- 
ry of his Perfon, whom one Side was refolved to 
have, and the other as refolved not to keep. Thus, 
fays he, they agreed ; and, upon the Payment of 
200,000 /. in Hand, and Security for as much 
more, upon Days agreed on, the Scots delivered 
the King up into fuch Hands as the Parliament 


(t) OartnloJi Hiftory of the Rebellion, Vo!. V. p. 54. 8-w Jit.. 


ppointed to receive him. In this infamous Man- A 
ner that excellent Prince was, in the End of Ja- 
nuary, given up by his Scats Subjects.' February 

Sir Philip Warwick, a Member of this Parlia- 
ment, bin who had been expcllrd for taking 

part with the Kin^,' exprefTes himfjlf thus. 

' (a) Whilft his Majefty was employed in Con- 
ferences with Hcnderfon about the Order of Epif- 
copacy, [a Circumftance we have already taken 
Notice of] the Scots knew fo well how to value 
him, that if it be not admitted they fold him, it 
muft be confefr, they parted with him for a good 
Price; for they were paid 20C,ooo/. upon their 
marching from Ntu'co/lle^ and delivering up of 
that Town, as likewife Berwick and CarliJJe ; and 
werepromifed 200,000 /. more to be fecured upon 
the Public Faith. But if the Englljh Army had 
been left to themfelves, arid the Prefbytcrs had not 
then been prevalent in Parliament, the Ind. 
dent Party would foon have fhortned the Taylor's 
Bill. And thus were extinguished, or thus vani- 
fhed, thofe loud and public Afiertions the Scots had* 
made, That they would not do fo bafe an Act, as 
to render up their Pi ince's Perfon, who was come 
to them for Safety in fo great a Danger; and that 
this Act could not confift with their Duty or Alle- 
giance, or Covenant, or w'r.h the"Honour of their 
Army ; it beins; contrary to the Law and common 
Practice of all Nations, in the cufe even of private 
Men ; which London, their Chancellor, .publick- 
ly made Profeflion of at a Conference of the two 
Houfes at JVeJbmnjicr. But at lad Silver out- 
weighed all thele ConfiJemtions, and the Kin^was 
delivered up into the Hands of the two Houfes 
Commiffioners, and brought to Ho!denby-Hcufe\n 
Northampton/hire^ and denied his own Chaplains 
and Servants to be about him : A true Prefbyterian 

Spirit.' If it be objtc~red that the two laft 

Hiftorians exprefs themfelves with much Acrimony 
VOL. XV. X on 

(d) Memoirs of the Reign of King CLjrta I. Linden 1701, 
p. Z9j. 

322 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 11 Car. i. o n the Subject, it muft be rcmembred that they 
1 l6 **' , had both been great Sufferers. 

Another Writer, who lived in thefe unhappy 
Times, remarks (d] c That the Propofitions, fentto 
the King by the Parliament, were the fame de- 
throning ones which they ufed to fend, and there- 
fore he would not aflent to them. Nor did the 
Scots fwallow them at firft, but made fome Ex- 
ceptions againft them, cnly, it feems, to make the 
Parliament perceive they meant not to put the 
King into their Hands gratis; fo at 1 aft the Bar- 
gain was made between them, and upon Payment 
of 200,000 /. the King was put into the Hands of 
the Commiflicners which the Englijh Parliament 
fent down to receive him.' He adds ; * That this 
Action bore the vile Complexion of feigned Reli- 
gion, very Covetoufnefs, Cowardice, Perjury and 

On the other Side, Mr. Holies, who appears, 
by the Journals^ to have been a Teller almoft in 
every Divifion of the Houfe relating to the Scots, 
intirely acquits them from this infamous Charge. . 
His Account of this Affair runs thus (e) : 

' The Scots had Caufe enough to have their 
Jealoufy prompt them that it was not fafe for 
them to depart with their Army, lay by their 
Swords, and leave ftanding in this Kingdom fo 
great a Force, which they knew to be fo iil affec- 
ted to them, and might act to their Prejudice ; 
and, the King being in their Power, perhaps force 
both him and the Parliament to a Peace .difadvan- 
tageous to Scotland^ and differing from thofe 
Grounds upon which, by the Kingdom of Eng- 
land^ they were engaged in this Quarrel ; or elfe 
make no Peace at all, but interpofe (as Cromwell 
to the Earl of Manchefier] to hinder it ; and them- 
felves govern by the Sword, not cnly to the Pre- 

(J) The Hiftory of the Civil Wars of F r W, from the Yea* 
1640 to 1660, by Thomas Kobbet of Malrr.ejlury. 

(e t Memoirs, p. 63 to 69. 

of E N G L A N D. 323 

)udice of Scotland, but alfd Ruin of England. An. 2a Car. 
The Scots had no Thoughts but of fettling a Peace, 16 4 6 - 
laying down of Aims, calling the People, and all * """"* 
Things, to revert into their old Channel ; there- Februar > 
fore they were willing to be gone and return into 
their own Country, in Confidence that, after their 
Departure, the Army under Sir Thomas Fairfax 
{hould lilcewife preiently be difbandedj fince there 
was no more need of any Army at all ; fo they 
were willing to go. But then the Qucftion was, 
If they would go or not, and how the Soldiers 
would be difpoled to march out, who had not been 
paid for fo many Months, infomuch as the Scots 
Commiflioners gave in an Account of 8oo,coo/. 
Arreuis. Here our Gallants [the Independents] 
hoped they had them upon the Hip, and fhould 
furely give them a Fall. Then they thruft on 
Ibme of their little Northern Beagles, as Mr. Elax- 
ton, and others, to infor what high Sums they 
had raifed upon the Country ; upon which they 
conclude the Scots Army was in their Debt, and 
therefore they would come to an Account with, 
them, which had been a fure Way to have kept 
them in the Kingdom five or fix Months longer. 
But to help that, our juft Pay-Mafters faid, The 
Army fhould march away, and fome Perfons be 
left behind to fee all Accounts adjufted ; which 
had required very good Rhetorick to have made it 
Juftice, efpecially to have appeared fo to the Scots 
Soldiers : For to have fent them away without 
Money, end then afk'd the Country Man what 
the Solders had taken, when he might fay 
what he thought good, the Soldier not there to 
anfwer for himfelf, and yet his Pay to be thereby 
determined, would have been but hard Meafure. 
But the Rhetorick had been, for Sit Thomas Fairfax 
to have gone down with his Army, which {hould 
have made it juft, and ealy, and every Thing; 
for this was it they [the I;i;let>t:n:Lnti] defired to 
bring it to, as it was often moved and prelicd by 

X 2 'At 

324 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. zz Car. I. e At laft the Well-wifhers to Peace, with much 

, ' ' j ado, prevailed in the Houfe, and it was carried to 

February. offer the Scots a grofs Sum for all; fo to part fair, 
and avoid the Delay and Difputes of an Account ; 
to which they prefently agreed. Then the Que- 
frion was what Sum. Here again we had a ftrong 
Debate; for our Incendiaries hung by every Twig, 
flicking fail to their Principles to diflatisfy the Scots, 
and break with them, if pcflible, upon any Point ; 
pretending the Poverty of the Kingdom and the 
great Sums the Scots had raifed; and therefore they 
would give but ioo,coo/. which they knew was 
all orte with a hundred Shillings, as to the fatisfy- 
ing of the Soldiers for marching away. In the 
End, after many Debates in the Houfe, and Paf- 
fages to and again with the Scots Commiflioners, 
the lowed Sum that could be agreed unto by the 
Commiffioners was 400,000 /. two in hand, and 
the other two after forne Time ; with a Protefta- 
tion of theirs, that the Army would not be fatif- 
fied with lefs, nor enabled to march, which was 
Motive enough for thefe Men to deny it; for if they 
could have wrought the DifTatisfa&ion of the Ar- 
my, fo as to have refufed to go, it was where they 
would have it. Whereupon it was oppofed by 
them with all the Power they had ; but in the 
End the better Part, that is the moderate Party, 
who were the Peace-makers, thofe that laboured 
to keep Things even and fair between the two 
Kingdoms, carried it; and the Sum was voted, 
and all Things agreed upon, tho' with Difficulty ; 
(for they fought it out and loft it by Inches) then 
the Scots declared they would march out by fuch a 

* Yet had our Bcutefeus one Hope left, which 
was to quarrel at laft about the Perfon of the Kirgj 
believing the Scots would certainly have taken his 
Majefty with them into Scotland. This they knew 
had been Ground fufficient r and would have en- 
gaged all England n^ainft them, giving a Confir- 
mation to ail the Jealoulies formerly raifed, and 



occasioned a Thoufand more ; and had certainly An - 
more advantaged the Defigns of thofe who thirfted _ 
after the Deitru<flion of the King iirft, the Scots February, 
next, and then all fuch as defired Peace within this 
Kingdom ; and have made them a fmoothcr Way 
to their damnable Ends, the altering of the Go- 
vernment, and bringing in a Confufion both in 
Church and State, than any Thing that could have 
happened ; and the two Kingdoms had been toge- 
ther in Blood, the Author of the Mifchief undifco- 
vered, mafked over with the glorious Pretences of 
zealoufly vindicating the Honefty and Intereft of 
England, and every Breach of Covenant and Trea- 
ty in this Caufe; which made them with fo much 
Peremptorinefs and Incivility, and in Truth Inju- 
ftice, demand that the Scots would deliver up his 
Majefty, who had an equal Intereft in his Royal 
Perfon with the Kingdom of England^ he being 
equally King of both ; and an equal Intereft in the 
clofmg and binding up the unhappy Differences 
which were between him and both his Kingdoms, 
they having been engaged in that Quarrel at the 
Entreaty of England : and made up together anin- 
tire Body with England, as is before (hewed, for 
the Profecution of it : Therefore they had no 
more Reafon to truft us with the King than we had 
them, and as much were they concerned in all 
that related to his Majefty's Perfon ; fo as they 
had Ground enough to have difputed it, and out 
of that Hope was it prefled by the others. But 
the Wifdom of the Scots Nation forefaw the In- 
conveniences which muft have neccflarUy followed, 
had they been pofitive at that Time, how they 
had played their Enemies Game to their own Ruin, 
and even Ruin to his Majefty: Therefore they 
made for him the beft Conditions they could, that 
is for the Safety and Honour of his Perfon ; and, to 
avoid greater Mifchiefs, were neceffitated to leave 
him in England; and fo marched away, which they 
did in February 1646. 

' Here then the very Mouth cf Iniquity was 

flopped, Malice itfelf had nothing to fa.y to give 

X 3 t'ic 

326 *lhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 22 Car. I. the leaft Blemifti to the Faithfulnefs and Reality 
,of the Kingdom of Scotland, and the Clearncfs of 

Feoruarv. their Proceedings ; their Zeal for Peace, without 
Self-Seeking and Self-ends, to make Advantage of 
the Miferies and Misfortunes of England.'' 

Mr. Rujhwortb a6h in this Affair as a Collec- 
tor only, making few or no Reflections on the 
Conducl or the Englifo and Scots at this particular 
Crifis ; ft r, after giving a Copy of a Letter from 
the Parliament of Scotland to that at Wef.mmjler^ 
to which a Declaration from that Kingdom was 
fubjoined (), containing, as he remarks, their full 
Confent to the delivering up the King, this Hiftori- 
an proceeds to tell us (/>},' That theComrnifiioneis 
who were to receive the King came to Newta/lle, 
on the 23d of "January^ to whom his Majcfty gave 
the Honour of kitting his Hand ; and the Earl of 
Pembroke told his Majcfty, They were command- 
ed by both Houfes of Parliament to attend him to 
Holdenby ; at which his Majefty did not feem at 
all furprifed, but enquired how the Ways were. 
* On the 28th of jamtary the Scots Lords being 
all with his Majefty, he told them, He had often 
dcfired to go into Scotland; that he came into their 
Army for Protection, and had it, but now per- 
ceived they were not willing he fhould go to Edln-, 
burgh; and they being to deliver up the Garri- 
fons, he dcfired to know how they would difpofe 
of him, and for that End required them to with- 
draw, and confidcr to whom they would deliver 
him, which they did ; and coming in again, they 
told his Majfiey, That they had confidcred of his 
Speech ; and that fince his Majefiy had refufcd to 
take the Covenant, and fign the Propositions, they 
were to deliver him to the Commiffioners of both 
Houles of Parliament of England y who were come 
to attend him to Holdenly. 

4 On Saturday the ^cth of 'January the Scots 
marched out of NeivcajUe, Skippon took PoiFeflion 


(a] Thefc Papers are already pivrn at p. 280, f fro . 
(1} CoUtffiom, Vol. VI. p, 398. 

^ENGLAND. 327 

of it, and the Parliament's Commiflioners received An. Car. L 
the King into their Charge; foon after they fet for- JL^L> 
wards with him to Durham, and fo on to Holden- February. 
by, being met by the Way by Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
who kifled his Majefty's Hand, and, having con- 
ducted his Majefty through Nottingham, took his 
Leave very refpe&fully; and fo his Majefty was 
brought to Holdenby, where he arrived on Tuefday 
the j6th of February. 

And now, leaving it to the Reader's Judgment 
to determine, from the foregoing Extracts of the 
Journals of both Houfcs, how far thefe Writers 
have been led by Truth or Prejudice, we proceed 
to the fubfequent Tranfa&ions of Parliament. 

Feb. 19. Another Letter came from the Com- 
miflioners at Holdenby, with one inclofed in it 
from the King, which were both read in thefe 
Words : 

To the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord, Holdenby, Feb. 17, 164.6. 

*T* His Day the King delivered us a Letter to A Letter from 
1 be fent from himielf to both Houfes, with 'he Commiffion- 

T . '. ... . r . v . r ers at Holdenby. 

Leave to read it, which we thought fit f,o excufe ; 
and have here fent it inclofed, without Know- 
ledge of the Contents, holding it our Duty not 
to hinder any In.ten?burfe betwixt his Majefty and 
the Houfes. " 

6 Weearneftly define their Lordfliips Directions 
for the future, which fhall be carefully obferved 
untill they fhall be pleafed to recall us from this 
Service; which we are bold to entreat as a fpe- 
cial Favour from their Lordftiips, after fo long 
a Journey and Attendance in the Service; where- 
in we have enjoyed ourfelvcs only in our faithful 
X 4 * En- 

328 ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a* Car. I. Endeavours to eive a gcxxl Account of the Truft 
t l6 * 6 * , ' they repofed in^ 
February. ' f 

Tour Lsrdjlip's moj) faithful Servants^ 


The Letter from the King, referred to in the 
foregoing, was as follows : 

To the SPEAKER of the Houfe of PEERS pro 
Ttmpore, to be communicated to the Lords and 
Commons in Parliament aiTembled at Weftmin- 

Huldenby, Feb. 17, 164.6. 

Thf King defirw C I 6 I ^ a "^ e never dijjfmblfd nor hid my Con- 
that feme of his *^ fclence, and that I 6m not yet Jatisfied with thofe 
Cbapiains rnay Alieratl-^ in Religion to which you defire my Con- 
atteHd him there. ,- , . , / -. . . '. , r ' , . -, 

Jeni, I will not hje T;tne in giving Reajons^ which 

are obvious to every Bcdy, ivhy it is fit for me ty 
be attended by feme of my Chaplains^ imhofe Opinions , 
as Clergymen, J efteem end reverence ; not only for 
the Exercife of my Conjdence^ but aljo even for clear- 
ing my Judgment concerning the prefcnt Differences 
in Religion, as I have mere fully declared to Mr. 
Marfhall and his Fellow Mini ft er ; having Jheived 
them that ibis is the beji and likelie/i Me^is of giving 
me Satisfaction ; which, without it, I cannot have in 
thefe Things^ whereby the Dijlraflions of this Church 
may be the better fettled; wherefore I defire that 
at leajl two of tbsfe Reverend Divines^ whofe 
Names I have here Jet down, may have free Liberty 
to wait upon me, for the difcharging cf their Duty 
to me according to their Funflion> viz. The Bijhop 
cf London (*), the Biflup of Salisbury (), the Bijhop 
of Peterborough (f), Dr. Sheldon, ChrkofmyChfct, 

(a) Dr. iniliein Juxcr:. (1} Dr. Erlan D-.'ffa, (c] Dr. John Trwtn 

^ENGLAND. 329 

Dr. Marfhe," Dean o/York, Dr. Saunderfon, Dr An. Car. I. 
Bailey, Dr. Fuller, Dr. Hammond, Dr. Hey- . l6 * 6 ' , 
wood, Dr. Beal, Dr. Taylor. 


The I/ords refolved to take this Letter of the 
King's into Confutation the ne\t Morning. 
Notwithftanding which we do not find that they TO which the 
took any further Notice of it this Month; and Lords give no 
though there were two or three Letters more fent An " ver - 
to the Parliament, from their Commiflioners at 
ktoldenby^ during that Time, yet they are not fig- 
nificant enough to be copied here. We fhail 
therefore proceed with the Obfervations made, and 
delivered in to the Houfe of Lords, by the Com- 
mittee appointed to examine the Teftimony of 
Tobias Peaker^ the Witnefs who fwore 'to the 
King's intended Efcape in a Dutch Ship from New- 
caftle^ viz. 

That the Committee of Eflatcs in the King- Report from the 

. /' n r > i * T ITT/- r Coir.miitee rela- 

domof Scotland^ in their Letter to the Houfes, fay, t ; ng to Tobias 
They had made as exacT: a Trial of the Bufmefs pecker's infor- 
as they could, and that they find the Perfons %?*?.**? 

^ i . r> , , T- < . ,. King s intending 

mentioned in r cuter s Lxammation,to be mnq- to c f cape 
cent ; and that he is an infamous Perfon, and a 

* That not only Mr. Murray and Sir Robert 
Murray , but the Dutch Captain and Mr. Levitt do 
contradicl all that is informed by Peaker. 

* That General Lefley doth alfo contradicl his 
Information: That Peaker doth directly contra- 
dict himfelf; for, in anfvver to the feventh Inter- 
rogatory, propounded to him by the Committee of 
this Houfe, he faith, ' That he did not r.eturn to 
' Mr. Murray ', after Mr. Murray had told him 
' that he had been examined by General Lejley 

* about the Bufmefs,' And, in, his Examination 
before, he faid, That after Mr. Murray had 
' charged him with divulging the Letter, and after 

* he was acquainted that General Lejley had told 

* Mr. Murray he had a Letter in Ambufh for him, 


*Tbc Parliamentary HISTORY 

* that Mr * Murra y difmifled him and appointed 
__ e him to return within an Hour ; and that accord- 
March. ' ingly he did return to Mr. Murray, and received 

' further Directions from him.' 

* That there is a clear Contradiction in his for- 
mer Examination, where he faith, ' That the Re- 

* gimentof the Scots Army which was ztTinmoutb 
' was fure for the Kins;;' and yet that Mr. Mur- 
ray fent him to the Dutch Captain,' to 'enquire 
whether he could go out in the Night, notwith- 
ftanding any Oppofition frcm Tinmouth Caftle. 

' In Anfwer to the eighth Interrogatory, pro- 
pounded by the Committee of this Houfe, he can- 
not ihcw about what Time Mr. Murray told him 
that feveral Regiments of Foot of the Scots Army 
were for the King, and that there were good Hopes 
of Lieuten?nt-General Lejley. 

< In Anfwer to the ninth Interrogatory, he con- 
fefleth that he brought away 40 /. of Mr. Murray 's, 
and he gave an Account of it to the Mayor of the 

* In Anfwer to the tenth Interrogatory he con- 
feflcth, That he brought a Watch with him, which 
was Mr. Murray's; but faith he gave it him a 
Quarter of a Year before.' 

The Lords ordered that this Report fhould be 
taken into Confideration at their next Meeting ; 
but we do not find any more Notice taken of it 
during the Remainder of this Month. 

March 4. An Ordinance for continuing the Pay- 
ment of the AflefTment for the Army under the 
Command of Sir 'Jliomas Fairfax^ v. ? as read a third 
Time, and debated in the Houfe of Lords. And 
the Queftion being put, Whether to agree to this 
Ordinance as it was then read ? it pafled in the 
Negative. But the following Proteft from fome 
diflenting Lords is entered againft this Vote : 

Their Lordfhips being fenfible of the great 

* Service done by the Army, and holding it juft 



* and honourable that the' Officers and Soldiers An - 
' there fhould have Satisfaction before their Dif- 

' banding; and beinj; very defirous the Country March. 
4 fhould have Allowance for their free Quarter, 
' which the Army was neceflitated to take for want 

* of their Pay; as alfo that the Kingdom might 

* be eafcd as much as may be by the difcharging 
'of all unneceflary Forces, did, for thefe Ends, 

* defire that the faid Ordinance might have been 

* pafled, not knowing any other or better Means 

* of raifing Money fpeedily for the faid Purpofes : 

* Therefore to clear themf elves from the Inconve- 
' niency which may arife by the not paffing there- 

* of, their Lordfhips have entered this their Pro- 

* teftation.' 





SAY and SELE, 

March 5. A long Debate happened in the Houfe 
of Commons on the Queftion, Whether the Forces 
to be kept up in the Kingdom of England fhould 
be commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax ? and, on 
a Divifion, 159 againft 147, it was carried in the 
Affirmative. Mr. fWritlocke obferves here, c That 
it was wondered at by foine, this {hould admit of a 
Debate or Queftion at all.' 

March 8 . The Commons voted, That no Mem- 
ber of that Houfe {hould have any Command in the 
Garrifons or Forces under Sir 'Thomas Fairfax : 
That there be no Officer above a Colonel : That 
they fhould all take the Covenant : That none who 
had borne Arms againft the Parliament {hould be 
in Command: That they fhould all conform to 
the eftablifhrd Church. This laft occafioned a 
Debate and a Divifion of the Houfe, but was car- 
ried for it by 136 againft 108. 


TZv Parliamentary H i s T t) R Y 

Then it was refohed^ ( That no profane Curfer 
or Swearer, Drunkard or Whoremafler, or other- 
March. W ^ e fc an dalous m Life or Converfation, {hall be 
employed as an Officer in any of the Garrifons or 
Forces that are to be kept up in the Kingdom of 

The Bufmefs of reducing the Army had been 
debated, on the igth tilt, in the Houfe of Com- 
mons; and the Queftion being put, Whether there 
fhould be a Number of Foot kept up, at the Pay 
of the Kingdom, more than what would be fuf- 
ficient for the keeping of fuch Garrifons as fhould 
be continued ? the Houfe divided, and it patted in 
the Negative, 158 againft 148. After which Vote 
the Houfe proceeded to order the difmantling 
and flighting the Works and Garrifons of feveral 
Cities and Towns, many Caftles and Forts, in 
England, IVales^ &c. amounting, in all, to a very 
great Number. 

March 8. The Reader muft remember the 
King's lall MeiTage to the Lords, from Holdenby, 
defiring he might have fome of his Chaplains 
appointed to attend him ; which the Lords hither- 
to had taken no Notice of: But this Day their 
Speaker prefented to the Houfe fome Letters he 
had received from the Earl of Denbigh, &c. with 
another Letter inclofed from the King; which 
were read : 

My Lord y Hcldenby^ March ^ 1646. 

' \T/E received the Letter inclofed from the 

* * * King, this Morning, which we thought 

* fit to fend, having heard nothing of your Diflike 

* upon- our fending the laft; nor received any 
' Directions, which were then, and are ftill, ear- 

* neftiy defired by 

Your Lordjhip's mcfl humble Servants^ 



of E N G L A N D. 333 

To the SPEAKER of the Houfe of PEERS pro An. 2^ Car. I 
Tempore, to be communicated to the Lords and x 4 ' , 
Commons in the Parliament of England afTem- March, 
bled at WeJImlnfter. 

T being now feventeen Days fence I wrote unto A fccond ^^ 
you frcm hence, and not receiving any Anfwer f r0 mtL King' 
to what I then defer ed, I canntt but now again re- defiring the At- 
new the fame unto you: And indeed concerning any c B jJ a jj? f h " 
Tiling but the necejjary Duty of a Chri/iian I would 
not thus, at this Time, trouble you with any of my 
Defires j but my being attended with fame of my 
Chaplains, whom I ejiecm and reverence, is that 
which is fo necejjary for me, ,even confedering my pre- 
fent Condition, whether it be in relation to my Con- 
fcience, or a happy Settlement of the prefent Dijlrac- 
tions in Religion, that I will flight divers Kinds of 
Ccnfures rather than not obtain what I demand*, 
nor Jhall I do you the Wrong as in this to doubt 
the obtaining of my Wifl), it being totally grounded 
upon Reafon ; for defiring you to confeder, not think- 
ing it needful to mention, the divers Reafons, which 
no Chri/Jian can be ignorant of, for Point of Con- 
fcience, I rnujl ajfure you that I cannot, as I ought, 
take into Confederation thofe Alterations in Religion, 
which have been, and will be offered unto me, with- 
eut fuch Help as I defer e ; becaufe I can never judge 
rightly of, or be altered in, any Thing of my Opinion, 
fo long as any ordinary Way of finding out the Truth 
is denied me : But when this is granted me, 1 pro- 
miff you faithfully not to Jlrive for Vitlary In Ar- 
gument, but to feek and to fubmit to Truth, ac- 
cording to that 'Judgment which God hath given me ; 
always holding it my bejl and greatejl Conqueji to 
give Contentment to my two Houfes of Parliament 
in all Things which I conceive not to be again ft my 
Confcience or Honour; not doubting likewife but 
thai you will be ready to fatisfy me in reafonable 
Things, as I hope to fend in this Particular, con- 
cerning the Attendance of my Chaplains upon me, 

Holdcnby March 6, CHARLES R. 



^he Parliamentary HISTORY 

The Qucftion being put, Whether their Lord-* 
fhips will allow any of that Number which the King 
March. defires, in his Lift, to go down to him to Hclden- 
by, to refide there for twenty Days ; It was refolved 
in the Affirmative. And the King's Letter was 
ordered to be fent down to the Houfe of Com- 

The Lords alfo appointed a Committee of their" 
Houfe to draw up an Anfwer to his Majefty's Letter, 
Which is denied according to the Senfe of that Houfe, That if the 
King thought fit to admit fuch of his Chaplains, 
as had taken the Covenant, they were inclined to 
give them Leave. Bit thfe Commons were more 
explicite than the Lords in this Affair ; and abfo- 
lutely voted, c That no Perfons fhould be em- 
ployed about the Perfon of the King, in any Ca- 
pacity, or be admitted to have Acceis to him, but 
fuch only as have continued with the Parliament 
and adhered thereto ; and had teftified their good 
AfFedHons to the Parliament and their Caufe, and 
had taken the National League and Covenant. 

March 9. The Commons refolved that an 
Order formerly palled, giving Authority to Mr. 
Rujhiuorth to licenfe the Printing of Books be re- 
voked. The Reafon of this Refolution does not 
appear ; but the Houfe had the fame Day given 
Orders to enquire out the Authors, Printers, and 
Publifhers of fome Pamphlets which had given Of- 
fence : And it is probable that thefe had been li- 
cenfed by Mr. Rujhworth, becaufe the Order for 
this Inquiry immediately precedes the Order of 

March 12. The Commiffioners of the Admi- 
ralty prefented to the Houfe of Lords, for theif 
Approbation, a Lift of the Navy Royal, if it may 
be fo called when under the fole Power of the 
Parliament, with the Names of the feveral Com- 
manders to be employed as a Summer's Fleet, for 
the Safeguard of the narrow Seas : But this being 

4 vu y 

of E N G L A N D. 335 

very little different from what we gave in the Pro- An. 2z Car. ! 
ceedings of the laft Year (a), we pafs it over. t ^ 46 ' t 

March 24. About this Time a Difpute arofe March, 
between the two Houfes, concerning the Quarter- 
ing of Sir Thomai Fairfax's Army in the Eaftern 
affociated Counties. And a Conference being de- 
fired by the Lords on that Head, the Reafons fol- 
lowing were drawn up by a Committee to be of- 
fered to the Commons, which being this Day re- 
ported and agreed to by the Lords, was delivered 
In Writing by the Earl of Manchejler* 

* T~*HE Lords have received a Petition from 

JL the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- f OI J ag ajnft q!L- 
mons of the City of London ; wherein as they do tering Sir Tho. 
feafonably and fully declare their good Affections J^*^' 
to the Parliament, together with their fixed Re- counties near 
folutions carefully to intend the Honour, Security, London, 
and Advantage thereof; fo they do likewife exprefs 
a great Senfe of their prefent Prefiures, by reafon 
of the Quartering of the Forces commanded by 
Sir Thomas Fairfax in thofe Parts adjoining near to 
the City : Neither is this refented by them alone, 
but the County of EJJex did fome Days fince, by 
Petition, make known unto their Lordfliips the 
Burthens and other Mifchiefs that were likely to 
fall upon that County by the quartering of great 
Numbers of the Army upon them and the reft of 
the affociated Counties. 

* The Lords having ferioufly confidered thefe 
Petitions, do find it to be of very ill Confequence 
to have the Army quartered either in the affociated 
Counties, or any Parts adjacent to the City of 

Firjl, ' Becaufe the City of London, being the 
Place where the Parliament and all the Courts of 
Juftice are kept, muft of Neceflity have a very 
great Concourfe of People as an Addition to that 
numerous Body of their own fettled Inhabitants : 
If, therefore, this City (hall, by the near quarter- 
(j) In our Fourteenth Volume, p. 233; 

3 3 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 11 Car. I. ing of the Army, be deprived of their ufual Provi- 
fions and necefTary Accommodations, it may give 
an Occafion to fome to break that good Order, 
and interrupt that Government, which, in all thefe 
Times of great Diftradtions, hath been kept in a 
fettled Quietnefs ; which hath not only been a Se- 
curity but an Advantage to the Parliament. 

Next, ' In this Conjuncture of Time, it may 
probably increafe fuch Jealoufies and Sufpicions as 
may not fuddenly be removed ; moll Men looking 
upon fuch Actions as thefe, which prove inconve- 
nient to them, as Defign rather than Matters of 
Neceffity j and their Lordfhips exprefs their Fears 
in this Particular, the rather, becaufe they have 
received divers Informations that fome Perfons of 
the Army, in all Places where they come, do en- 
deavour to difaffedt the People to the prefent efla- 
blifhed Refolutions of the Parliament. 

* They do likewife confider the great Affifbnce 
and Advantage that the Parliament hath had from 
the Eafterri Affociations, they having been faithful 
unto the Parliament from the firft to the laft ; 
when divers others, either in whole or in part, 
have deferted and oppofed the Parliament in this 
Caufe. Thefe Counties having been, during thefe 
Troubles, the Magazine of Provifions for the 
City and other Parts of the Kingdom, do now 
expect to be t'urnifhed from them with thofe Necef- 
faries which are not to be had in that Plenty in 
other Counties, they being much wafted in their 
Stores of Corn and Cattle. It will therefore prove 
a Mifchief in general to the whole Kingdom, if 
thefe Counties (hall have their Stores exhaufted by 
the Quartering of an Army ; which by a provi- 
dent and orderly Management and Ufe, might fup- 
port themfelves, and furnifh others. 

* Upon the whole Matter thus before them, their 
Lordfhips do think it neceflary that the Forces 
commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax mould not 
quarter within the afTociated Counties, or any Parts 
near adjoining to the City of London: And feeing 
likewife that, by the great Bleffing of God upon 


of E N G L A N D. 337 

the Endeavours of the Parliament, and the Sue- An- **** 
cedes of their Armies, they now enjoy a Frc'edomi ^___ ^ 
from any Force maintained againft them, they do March, 
hold it their Duty to do what in them lies towards 
the freeing the Kinguom from thefe Burthens that 
lye upon them; and therefore they prefs this as the 
moft neceflkry Means tending to the Eafe and Sa- 
tisfaction of the Kingdom, That a Prcvifidn of 
Money may be made for the fpeedy paying and 
difbanding of our Annies (the Way of raifmg 
this they leave to you to confider) ; that fo we may 
give a real and fpeedy Relief to the diftrefled King- 
dom of Ireland^ and keep fuch a competent Force 
within ourfelves as may fecurc our Garrifonsj and 
prevent the Defigns of fuch, as, out of their ill 
Affections, fhould, at any Time, attempt to di- 
fturb the Peace and Happfnefs of the Parliament 
and Kingdom.' 

Their Lord/hips do alfo take Notice of another 
Thing, which doth much obftruft the Proceedings 
of their Houfe; which is, That their M^flengers, 
whom they fend upon MefTages to the Houfe of 
Commons, are made to attend fo long, fdmetimes 
Days, before they can be admitted; which doth 
very much hinder Bufmefs, and feems to be 
fome kind of Reflection upon the Houfe of Peers : 
Their Lordfhips always have been careful to main- 
tain all good Correfpohdency with the Houfe of 
Commons; and not to do any thing which might 
look like a Difrefpec"t towards them: And they do 
defire and hope to find the Care and Readi- 
nefs in the Houfe of Commons, in what concerns 
their Lordfliips. 

March 2.5. The*, next remarkable Tranfaclicn 
of this Month~is aJPedtion from ibme OHicers of 
the Army to the Lords, which is the li;ft we have 
met with prelenteJ from that Quarter. The Sub- 
{Unce of it is inodcft enough; tho', after they had 
once learned the Way, we (hall, find them peti- 
tioning in a quite different Strain very fhortlv. 

VOL. XV. Y To 

3 38 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Or. I. 

. ! * 7 ' To the Right Honourable the LORDS in Parliament 
March. affembled^ 


FICERS that have faithfully ferved the great 
Caufe of the Kingdom^ under the Authority of 
the Parliament, 

Shewed), March 22, 1646. 

A Petition from c " | ^ HAT your Petitioners having faithfully 
efT' ( A fficers ' * ferved you in the Maintenance and Settle- 
thcH C ouief y ( me t f Religion, according to the Tenor of the 
Lords. ' National Covenant taken by them, of the Liber- 

* tyofthe Subject, and of the Privileges ofPar- 

* liament, in the Times of the Kingdom's greateft 

* Exigence, which were the principal Ends for 
' which they were at firft engaged; they cannot 
' but hold themfelves bound in Honour and Con- 

* fcience, in Concurrence with many others, to 

* tender to your Honours Confideration fuch 
' Things as they, in all Submifiion, conceive ex- 

* ceedingly conducing to the fpeedy effecting of 
' the faid Ends, together with their own fad and 

* neglected Condition ; humbly defiring your Ho- 
' nours favourable Conftrudlion of their good In- 

* tentions therein, with an opportune and timely 
' Anfwer unto thcfe enfuing Particulars, viz. 

1. ' That the Public Worfhip of God may fpee- 
4 dily be fettled according to the Word of God, 
' and the Example of the bed Reformed Churches. 

2. ' That the Subjeft may have the Benefit of 
e Magna Char la ^ and the Petition of Right , fo far 
' forth as may comport with the Neceffities of the 

* Kingdom. 

3. * That all Committees in the feveral Coun- 
c ties may be removed ; and that the Treafurers and 

4 Sequeftrators of the faid Counties may be called 

* to a fpeedy and Uriel Accountj for the better 

5 Satisfaction and Eafe of the Kingdom. 

4. * That fuch Officers as have ferved under any 

* general Command* may have the Aecoun s of 

4 tUir 

of E N G L A N D. 339 

their Arrears fpeedily audited in London', and An. 23 Car. I, 
1 that a fpecial Order may be ifTued to the feveral ( ^ 7 
1 Committees of Accounts reiiding in other Coun- ' "~^ ~" 
! ties, forthwith to audit the Accounts of fuch Of- 
; ficers as have been fubfervient to the Orders of 
1 the Committees of the faid Counties. 

5. ' That fuch Pay as fhall appear due unto 
1 the faid Officers, under the Hands of Committees 
4 of Accounts, according to the Eftablifhment, 

* may be forthwith paid unto them, with Intereft j 

* that the Ordinance upon the Bifhops Lands, with 
' the Security of the Excife, may be revived for 
1 the Difcharge thereof; and that fuch Part as is 

* refpited on the Public Faith, may be difcharged 
' with Intereft, at the End of fix Months, deducing 

* the Surcharges of the feveral Counties ; and that 
4 an Order may be ifliied to the faid feveral Coun- 
' ties to bring in their Surcharge withfn the Time 

* of three Months, or otherwife that they fhall 
1 not be charged to our Accounts ; that fo all of us 

* may not be utterly ruined, as fome of us already 
' are, by tedious and long Solicitations, nor your 

* Juftice blemifhed thro' our Neceflities and Suf- 
' ferings. 

6. ' That all fuch Officers and Soldiers as have 

* contracted any Debts fince this War begun, In 
' order to the carrying on of the Public Service, 

* either by want of the Payment of their due Salary, 

* orbyreafon of their own Difburfements, may have 

* their Perfons freed from all Procefs, Arrefts, or 

* Moleftation untill their Arrears fhall be difchar- 
' ged ; and that then their Creditors fhail be pro- 

* portionably fatisfied, and the faid Officerleft to 

* the ufual Courfe and full Power of the Law as 
' formerly. 

7. * That an Al of Indemnity may be parted 

* for all Officers and Soldiers, for fuch Actions as 

* have been done by them in Reference to the Pub- 

* lie Service iince the Beginning of this War. 

8. * That all fuch Officers as have loft the Be- 

* nefit of their Eftates, and have difburfed divers 

* Suras of Money for raifmg Men, Horfes, Arms, 

Y 2 'or 

34^ The ParUamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. < or Ammunition, or in the managing their public 

^J^ , Truft, (hall be confidered for their faid LofTes, 

March. * anc ^ allowed for the faid Diftmrfements, uponjuft 
' Proof thereof made before the Committees of 
8 Accounts; and that the faid Committees (hall 

* have fpecial Order given them to audit fuch Dif- 
' burfements when they (hall be brought unto 
' them. 

9. c That not forgetting your Honours tender 

' Care of the fad Condition of bleeding Ireland^ 

* and that nothing may be wanting on our Parts 
' towards the promo ing of fo honourable and pious 

* a Work, fome of us have engaged ourfelves al- 

* ready, and the reft are moft ready to contribute 
c their beft Afliftance thereunto, even as your Ho- 

* nours (hall be pleafed to command us. 

* And, in purfuance of a full Eftablifhment of 
' the Particulars aforefaid, as in your great Wif- 
' doms (hall be thought moft convenient, your Pe- 
titioners do offer their utmoft Service and Aflift- 
< ance, with their Lives and Fortunes, 

And Jhatt ever pray, &c. 

RICHARD SANDYS, Col. Lieutenant-Colonel. 

FRANCIS GOFFE, CoL tenant-Colonel. 

JAMES MIDHOPE, Col. Lieutenant-Colonel. 


JoHNBuTLER, Col. L ieutenant Colonel. 

The Officers who fubfcribed this Petition were 
all called in again, and had for Anfwer, * That 
- the Houfe gave them Thanks for their good Af- 
fections to them, and their Services to the King- 
dom and Parliament; and they take it well con- 
cerning their Offer for Ireland. And as to their 
Arrears, their Lordfliips will do their Parts, and 
-will take their Petition into Co'nfuieration.' 


^/ENGLAND. 341 

The fame Day a Copy of this Petition was pre- An. *, Car. r, 
fentcd to the Houfe ot Commons by the fame t l6 * 7 ' . 
Officers, to whom the Houfe fent out four of March, 
their Members with the following Anfwer: * That 
as to their Arrears, the Houfe had and would take And to the Com* 
them into Confideration, with others, in fuch mons ' 
Manner as they (hould think fit, as well as their 
Defires of Employment. That as to the reft of 
the Petition, about the Management of public 
Affairs, it did not concern any Perfons to give In- 
ftru&ions to the Houfes therein ; yet, in Confide- 
ration the Petitioners were Men that had done 
Service to the Parliament, and, in regard of their 
Profeflions, and that they might have done this 
merely out of Inadvertency, they were willing to I 

pafs it by.' But we (hall foon find that thefe ftur- 
dy Beggars, as they may very well be called who 
petitioned Sword in Hand, were not to be put by 
fo eafily. 

The Proceedings and Motions in the Army g ot h Houfet 
about this Time, which gave fo great an Alarm to greatly 
the Parliament, were fet on foot by the Indepen- J 
dents, of which Cromwell was the Chief; and were my, 
a main Engine by which he afterwards attained to 
a higher Degree of Power in this Nation than any 
of her Kings. In order to illuftrate this Matter, 
it will be necefTary to obferve that this General 
had a Son-in-Law, Commiflary Ireton, as good at 
contriving as himfelf; and, at fpeaking and writing, 
much better : Thefe two took Care to fpread a 
Whifper through the Army, that the Parliament 
intended to difband them j to cheat them of their 
Arrears ; and to fend them into Ireland^ to be de- 
ftroyed by the Rebels in that Kingdom. 

This Report was eafily credited by the Soldiery; 
fome Regiments they knew were already fent over, 
and others invited and prefled by the Parliament 
to do the fame: And, being enraged at this Ufage, 
they were eafily taught, by Ireton, to ereft a Coun- 
cil amongft themfelves, of two Soldiers out of 
every Troop and every Company, to confult for 
Y 3 the 




342 V be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I- the Good ofthem all; to aflift at a Council of 
War, and advife for the Peace and Safety of the 
Kingdom. Thcfe Men were ftiled Agitators j 
and whatever Project Cromwell had a Mind to 
bring about, he had no more to do than put it into 
their Heads. The Effea of their firft Confulta- 
tion was, the taking the King from Holdenby and 
bringing him to the Army, as will be feen in the 

Sequel. Thus much premifed, we return to 

our 'Journals. 

March 30. The Houfe of Lords were informed, 
by fome Officers who came to offer themfelves 
Volunteers for the Irijh Service, of a Petition 
handed about in the Army, to be figned and deli- 
vered to Sir Thomas Fairfax, their General; a 
Copy of which was fhewn and read to the Lords 
in triefe Words : 

To his Excellency Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX, Knt. 
General of the Parliament's Forces. 

SOLDIERS of the Army under your Command, 

Who prefent a 
Petition and Re- 
prefentation to 

Sir Thomas Fair- 

*"|~ HAT, ever fince our firft engaging in this 

1 Service, for preferving the Power of the 
Kingdom in the Hands of the Parliament, we 
have, in our feveral Places, ferved them with all 
Faithfulnefs ; and although we have lain under 
many Difcouragements for want of Pay and other 
NecefTaries, yet have we not djfputed their Com- 
mands, difobeyed their Orders, nor difturbed 
them with Petitions ; nor have there any vifible 
Difcontents appeared amongft us, to the Encou- 
ragement of their Enemies, and the Impediment 
of their Affairs; but have, with all Chearfulnefs, 
done Summer Service in Winter Seafons, im- 
proving the utmoft of our Abilities in the Ad- 
vancement of their Service : And feeing God 
hath now crowned our Endeavours with the End 
of our Defires, viz. the difperfing of their Pub- 



lie Enemies, and reducing them to their Obe- An 
dience, the King being now brought in; our 
Brethren th<>ro/rfatisfied and departed the King- 
dom ; all Dangers fee mingly blown over, and 
Peace in all their Quarters; we, emboldened 
by their manifold Promifes and Declarations tp 
defend ?nd protect thofe that appeared and a&e4 
in their Service, do herewith humbly prefent tp 
your Excellency the humble Representation of 
our Defkcs annexed; which we humbly befeech 
your Excellency to recommend, or reprefent, in 
our Behalf to the Parliament. 
And your Petitioners jball honour and pray for 
your Excellency . 

of the OFFICERS and SOLDIERS of the Army 
under the Command of his Excellency Sir THO- 
MAS FAIRFAX, prefenttd firft to his Excellency, 
to be, by him, reprefent jd to the Parliament. 

I. < IT? Hereas the Ncceffity and Emergency 
W of the War hath put us upon many 
A&ions which the Law could not warrant, nor 
we have adted, in a Time of fettled Peace; we 
humbly defirc that, before the Time of our Dif- 
banding, a full and fufficient Proyifion may be 
made by Ordinance of Parliament, (to which the 
Royal Aifcnt may be procured) for our Indemnity 
and Security in all fuch Services. 
II, c That Auditors, or Commiffioners, may 
be fpeedily appointed and authorized to repair to 
the Head Quarters of this Army, to audit and 
ftate our Accounts, as well as our former Ser- 
vices in this Army ; and that, before the Dif- 
banding of the Army, Satisfaction may be given 
to the Petitioners for their Arrears; that fo the 
Charge, Trouble, and Lofs of Time, which 
we muft neceflarily undergo in Attendance for 
attaining of them, may be prevented (we having 
had Experience that many have been reduced to 
miferable Extremity, even altruft ftan-d for 
^4 * van: 


An. a Car. I. 



gaintt which 
the Parliament 
iflus a Declara- 
tlin, anJ fend it 
to Uwc General. 

Vfre Parliamentary HISTORY 

1 want of Relief, by their tedious Attendance); 

* and that no Officer may be charged with any 
' Thing in his Account that doth not particularly 
4 concern himfelf. 

III. ' That thofe who have voluntarily ferved 
' the Parliament in the late Wars, may not here- 
' after be compelled, by Prefs or otherwife, to 

* ferve as Soldiers out of this Kingdom ; nor thofe 

* that have ferved as Horfemen may bs compelled, 

* by Prefs o'r otherwife, to ferve on Foot in any 
' future Cafe. 

IV. furh in this Army as have loft their 
' Limbs, arid the Wives and Children of fuch as 

* have been (Lin in the Services, and Such Officers 

* and Soldiers as have fuftained Loffes, or have been 
f prejudiced in their Eflates, by adhering to the 
' Parliament, or in their Pcrfons, by Sicknefs or 

Imprifonment under the Enemy, may have fuch 
c Allowance and Satisfaction as may be agreeable 
' to Juftice and Equity. 

V. ' That, till the Army be difbanded as afore- 
' faid, fomf 1 Courfe may be taken for the Supply 
4 thereof with Monies, whereby we may be enabled 
' to difcharge our Quarters; thrt fo we may not, 
' for necVflary Food, be beholden to the Parlia- 

* ment's Enemies, burthenfome to their Friends, 
' or opprefiive to their Countries, whofe Preferva- 

* tion we always have endeavoured, and in whofe 

* Happ\nefs we do {till rejoice.' 

Some other Evidences being alfo read, to prove 
that this Affair was warmly carrying on in ths 
Army, the Parliament thought pioper to be before- 
hand with them ; and thereupon ordered the fol- 
lowing Declaration to be printed and published, 
nnd a Number of Copies 'hereof fent down in a 
Letter to Sir Thomas Fairfax, 

1HE r o Houi'es of Parliament having re- 
ceived information of a dangerous Peti- 
tion, with a Representation annexed, tending to 
put the At my into a Diflemper and Mutiny, to 
put Conditions upon the i s ilian;cnt 3 and obftruci 



f the Relief of Ireland^ which hath been contrived A 

* and promoted by fome Perfons in the Army ; 

* they do declare their high diflike of'that Petition, 
? their Approbation and Efteem of their good Ser- 
f vice who firft difcovered it, and of fuch Oftrcrs 

* and Soldiers as have refufed to join in it ; and that 

* for fuch as have been abufed, and, by the Per- 

* fuafions of others, drawn to fubfcribe it, if they 

* fhall, for the future, manifeft their Diflike of 
' what they have done, by forbearing to proceed 
6 any further therein, it (hall not be look'd on as 

* any Caufe to take away the Remembrance and 
' Senfe the Houfes have of the good Services they 
' have formerly done; but they fhall be ftill re- 
? taincd in their good Opinion, and (hall be cared 

* for with fhe reft of the Army, in all Things ner 
' ceflary and fitting for the Satisfaction of Perfons 

* that have done fo good and faithful Service ; and 

* as may be expected from a Parliament fo careful 

* to perform all T-ings appertaining to Honour 
' and Juftice: And, on the other Side, it is de- 
' clared, That all thofe who fhall continue in their 
' diftempered Condition, and go on in advancing 
? and promoting that Petition, (hall be look'd up- 
on, and proceeded againft, as Enemies to the 

* State, and Difturbers of the Public Peace.' 
This Declaration is expunged in the Commons 

Journals^ and this Note put in the ?vlargin, Deletitr 
per Ordlnem tertii Junii, 1647. fedente Curia ^ H. E. 
The Reafons for which will appear in the Sequel. 

2. The Lords received an Anfwer, from 
the General, to tjieir Better and the foregoing De- 
claration, which was aiio read as follows : (a) 

for the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER. 

My Lord, Walden, March 30, 1647. His Letter there. 

* 1 Received your Lordfliip's Letter, with the u P n * 

* 1 Declaration of both Houfes of Parliament, 


(a] An Anfwer, much to the fame Purpofe, was wrote to the 
Speaker of the Houfc of Commons, and is in Rufiwertb, Vol. VI, 
P- 445- 

3 46 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

2j Car. I. an( j fhall take Care for fending Copies thereof 
into the feveral Regiments of the Army, for the 

April. fpeedy fuppreffing of the Petition ; notwithftand- 

ing I had before commanded the Recall thereof, 
and given Orders for flopping any further Pro- 
ceedings in the fame ; afluring your Lordfhip, by 
the good Afliftanceof God, neither that Petition, 
nor any other Thing, fhould have come through 
my Hands to the Parliament, which fhould have. 
the leaft Countenance of Difobedience, or appear 
in fuch a Drefs as might not be fit for the Juftice 
and Honour of that eminent Judicature to look 
upon : But not to trouble your Lordfhip any 
longer, I take Leave to reft 

Your Lord/hip's mojl humblt Servant, 


Nothing material happening, we pafs on to 

April q. When we find an Entry in the Journal* 
of the following Letter and Examination, which 
{hews what State the King was then in at Holden* 
ly, and how narrowly watched by his new Guar- 

A Letter from the CommifHoners with the King 
at Holdenby. 

For the Right Hon. the Earl */ MAN CHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore. 

My Lord) Holdenby ) April, 6, 1647. 

TheCommif- ' HTH IS Afternoon, as the King was riding 

fioners attending ' * from Holaenoy to go to Bowls at Boughton* 

the King com- < he alighted, as ufually he hath done, at a narrow 

feVpriwtSy* ' Bridge in the Way : at the End of which Bridge 

given to him. * there ftood one Humphry Bofville. who had ferved 

* formerly as a Major in his Majefty's Army, dif- 

* guifed in a Country Man's Habit, with an Angle 

* in his Hand, as if he had been fifhing ; and pri- 
' vately conveyed into the King's Hand Letters 

* from 

of E N GJ, A N D. 347 

from the Queen and Prince, as more particularly An. 23 c*r. L 
appears in the Examination, which we fend your l6 47. ^ 
Lordfhip here inclofed. We have committed V 7T / ~T - ' 
him to the High Sheriff of this County 4 where 
he is to remain untill your Lordfhip's Pleafure be 
known. In Difcharge of our Duty we thought 
fit to do this, and to give your Lordfliip a fpcedy 
Account thereof, remaining 

Tour Lord/hips mojl bumble Servant^ 


fame Time of Enford in Kent, and late Major in 
Col. Colepeper's Regiment, in Lord Cleveland's 
Brigade^ taken before the Commijfaners at Hol- 
denby, April 6, 1647. 

c HT^HIS Examinant faith, That this prefent 

* K Day he did deliver to the King, as he was 

* going to Bowls at Boughton, a Packet of Letters 
' which he lately brought out of France from the 

* Queen, with fome inclofed from the Prince, as 

* the King was walking over a narrow Bridge near 
a Mill : 

4 That he heard itdifcourfed before he came 
4 over, that the Prince having a Defire, from a 
' Senfe he had of his Honour, to accompany the 

* Duke of Orleans in his Wars, hath ; in one of 

* the Letters, wrote to the King for Leave fo to 

* do, the Queen Regent of France being otherwife 
' unwilling to give her Confent: 

* That the Lord Colepeper did afTure him, the 

* faid Major Bofville, before he came out of France, 

* that the Letters he brought tended much to 
' Pence ; and which he is confident is true : 

' That he was at Newcajlle the fame Day the 
' King was delivered into the Englijh Commiflion- 
' ers Hands ; and that he went thence into France, 

* and carried with him a Letter from the King to 

* th 

348 72v Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 dr. I < the Queen, which Letter he received from his 
v I6 *7' J c Majefty in the Morning of the faid Day : 
Apr iJ7~ ' That it is about a Fortnight fince he, the faid 
' Bcfvillc) came into England ; and that he hath 

* lodged two Nights in a Fir Bufh, and three 
4 Nights in a Country Man's Houfe near the Place, 
' waiting for an Opportunity to deliver the faid 

' That he borrowed the faid Country Man's 

* Cloaths for a Difguife, (but his Name or Dwel- 

* ling he refufed to tell) in which he delivered the 

* faid Letters, with an Angle in his Hand, as if 
? he were fifhing : 

' That he was commanded to deliver the faid 

* Letters to the King's own Hands, which he had 
' undertook to do : And faith, That if he could 

* not have found an Opj>ortunity otherwife, he 

* was refolved to deliver them to the King before 

* the Commiflioners, although he had died for it ; 
' conceiving the Letters conduced to Peace as 

* This Examination being read unto him the faid 
' Humphry Bofuille^ he acknowledged the fame t<j 
be true, but refufed to fet his Hand to it.' 

By Order of the Commiffioner^ 


In the Abfence of the Secretary* 

The Meficnger The Lords ordered the foregoing Letter and 

ofwhich is com- Examination to be communicated to. the Com- 

"jttcdtoNew- mons, and that the faid Bofville be fent for: He 

was afterwards committed to Newgate. 

The Parliament were now bufy for feveral 
Days, in (rating the Accounts of their Army, fix- 
ing Rewards and more Pay on thofe Officers and 
Soldiers that would go into the Service of 7r*- 
land, &c. For which and other Difburfements, 
they were forced to apply to the City for another 
Loan of 200,000 /, at 87. per Cent, and which they 
4 did 

*A ENGLAND. 349 

did not find the Citizens fo ready to comply with, An. 23 Car. 1 
notwithftanding the great Credit the Parliament t l6 * 7 ' J 
was then arrived at. The Security propofed was, Ap X 1> 
the Remainder of the Bifhops Lands, the Excife, 
Delinquents Eftates, a new Ordinance for railing 
60,000 /. per Menfem, for the Service of England 
and Ireland, or any other Way the City could pro- 
pofe and they could grant. The Common Coun- 
cil referred this to a Committee of their own Mem- 
bers, to confiderof it and draw up an Anfwer. 

We find nothing elfe memorable about this 
Time in either Houfe, except the following Let- 
ter of Thanks from Archbilhop IViUiams, for th 
Favour he had lately received from the Parliament, 
and which concludes that Prelate's Character. 

April 20. A Letter from Dr. Williams^ late- 
Archbiftiop of Tork^ was read. 

To the Right Honouralle^ my very Noble Lord, ED- 
WARD Earl of MANCHESTER, Speaker of the 
Mojl Honourable Houfe of Peers. 

RlgKt Honourable^ 

' TjAving underftood of an Ordinance pafied Archbiffwp Wfl- 
I \ your moft Honourable Houfe, for the par- Hams' s Leuer O f 

* donins; of fuch Delinquencies (a) as fome Miftakes 7 ha 1 nks r to ^^ 

rr- , . n ' , Lords, forpar^ 

about the King's over- powering Parties in this doning ;his De. 
Country had drawn me into, I humbly bcfeech lin^uency. 
your Lordfliip to prefent my moft thankful Ac- 
e knowledgement for their great Favour therein; 
as alfo of all other their gracious Refpe6ls which 

* I have, without the leaft Merit of my own, ex- 
" traordinarily enjoyed thefe Twenty-five Years; 

* and may the great God of Heaven, fpeedily and 

* plentifully, return them all into their noble Bo- 
" foms. 

4 And becaufe I am now to live, or rather to die, 

* deveftedofall Power or Deference which might 
' vindicate me from Contempt amongft a third 

* Generation of Men from thofe I firft convcrfed 

* with- 
(4} See be/ore in this Volume, p. 2, and 171. 


Letters from the* 
Scots Commif- 
fi oners, defiring 
farther Appli- 
cation to the 
King for Peace, 

The Parliamentary H i s f o R V 

withall, and fome Pharaohs peradvcnture whicii 
knew not Jofeph ; if their Lordfhips (hall extend 
their Goodnefs fo far 4 as to protect me in a juft 
and fair Way, in relation to any Service I have 
heretofore endeavoured to perform to that moft 
Honourable Houfe, it would make me, as moft 
careful not to profane fo facred a Favour, fo to 
live and die their moft obliged Servant and Vaf- 
fal. Right Honourable Lord, I humbly take my 
Leave, and am 

Tour Lord/hip's 

Moft obliged Servant, 
JOHN late Archlijbop of York. 

April 26. The Scots Commiffioners, fome of 
whom were ftill refiding in London, fent a Letter 
to the Lords, to defire their Lordfhips to appoint 
a Committee to meet them, having fomething of 
Importance to communicate, which they had re- 
ceived from the Parliament of Scotland. A Com- 
mittee of both Houfes were ordered to meet them 
that Afternoon ; and the next Day the following 
Papers were read in the Houfe of Lords. 

And firft, the Letter from the Commiifioners 

April 264 1647. 
Right Honourable, 

IN purfuance of the Commands of the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland, we do herewith deliver their 
Letter to both Houfes of Parliament, and are fur- 
ther to let your Lordfhips know, that they look 
upon it as a fpecial Blcffing from Heaven, that 
God hath been pleated fo ftri&ly to unite thcfc 
Kingdoms for fo good Ends by folemn League 
and Covenant ; and as it hath been their conftant 
Care, by all good Endeavours, inviolably to pre- 
fcrve that happy Union according to the Cove- 
nant and Treaties ; and is their firm Refolution 
to cherifh and entertain every Mean which may 
continue a good Corrcfpondency, and promote a 

' fur- 

tf E N G L A N D. 351 

further Union ; fo the Experience they have of An ' ^ p 
Love and Kindnefs for their Brethren of Hug/and, *_ ^' 
gives them Confidence that they will alfo con- April, 
tinue to lay hold on all Opportunities which may 
further and improve it; that fo, by joint Con- 
filltatlons and Refolutions in what may concern 
mutual Intereft and Safety, both may be ftrength- 
ened againft the Common Enemy, a happy Peace 
may be fettled upon a fure Foundation, and a 
nearer Union attained and tranfmitted to Pofte- 
rity ; in all which we are ready, according to the 
Direction of the Parliament of Scotland, to con- 
tribute our beft Endeavours. 
By Command of the CommiJJiwers for the Partia* 
ment of Scotland. 


Next, the Letter from the Scots Parliament, 
mentioned in the foregoing. 

Edinburgh , March 1 5, 1647. 
Right Honourable^ 

rHE Eftates of the Parliament being at this 
Time employed about the Affairs of this 
Kingdom, the ordering whereof could not admit 
of Delay, have now taken Occafion to let your 
Lordfhips know that they have appointed their 
Commiffioners to join with iuch as fhall be war- 
ranted by you, to defire his Majefty's Aflent to 
the Proportions of Peace \ and to prefenttothe 
Honourable Houfes the earned Defires of this 
Kingdom, that Reformation of Religion and Uni- 
formity therein, which was the chief Ground of 
our Engagement in the Caufe, be fpeedily fettled 
and put in Practice; that all good Means be ufed 
for obtaining ajuftand folid Peace; and that it 
is their hearty Refolution, and fhall be their con- 
ftant Endeavours, to keep a good Underftanding, 
and to cherilh and preferve the Union betwixt 
the Kingdoms ; all which will be more particu- 
larly made known to your Lordfhips by the Earl 
of Laicltrdalt) and other Commiffioners, who are 

* ful- 

3 5 2 7^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

' M "' l ' ' fully authorized with Inftrudions from this Kirigi 
v ^ '. j e dom, and are hereby recommended to your Ac- 
April, e ceptance, by 

Yo'dr Lord/hips affettionate 

Friend and Servant, 

Prcfident of Parliament. 

Thefe Papers were ordered to be communicated 
to the Houfe of Commons. 

April 27 . The Lords proceeded to read the De-* 
P ^ 0115 f feveral Officers and Soldiers in the Ar- 
my, relating to the Difturbances there, and the 
Hinderance given by fome to the Service of Ire- 
land. In which we find that the Petition, with 
the Reprefentation annexed, was delivered to the 
General, but no Account of its Reception by him 
is yet mentioned. After all thefe were read, the 
Lords made the following Order and Vote : 

Ordered^ < That all the Perfons mentioned in 
the Report, which are Obftruftors to the Service 
of Ireland^ fhall be lent for to appear before this 
Houfe forthwith, to anfwer trie faid Offences, and 
all tire Witnefies to attend.' 

Refolvedi c That this Houfe, having received i 
Report from thofe Lords that were fent down to 
the Army, do think it neceflary that fpeedy Car6 
be taken for providing of Money, that fuchofthe 
Army as {hall not engage themfeives in the Ser- 
vice of Ireland, may be difbanded and have fij^ 
Weeks Pay for their Arrears ; and thofe that fhall 
engage themfeives, in that Service, may have fuch 
a prefent Proportion of Pay as may give them En - 
touragement to go on chearfully therein.' 

The fame Day fome Officers of the Army prc- 
fcnted to the Houfe of Commons, on Behalf of 
themfeives and the reft of their Brethren, a Vin- 
dication of the Particulars in their late Petition, 
which was introduced in the following Manner: 

*f ENGLAND. 353 

the Honourable the Houfe of COMMONS ajfim- An. 
bled in Parliament, 


Army iihder the Command of his Excellency Sir 
Thomas Fairfax, on Behalf of themfelves and 
the Soldiers of the Army, 

Humbly Jheuucth, 

T^ HAT your Petitioners being fenfible of 
feme Diipleafure in this Honourable Houfe The Army's ? 
aa;ainft them, through fomeMifmformation con- tition to the 
cerning the Carriage and Managing of a late Pe- SSJdu 
tition in the Army, do humbly ofrer unto your Reprefentation 
Confideration the Paper annexed, for the better to General Fair- 
clearing of our Intentions: Humbly deflring ** x " 
your favourable Conftru&ion and Acceptance .of 
what is therein contained, according to the Inte- 
grity with which it is prefented.' 

And your Petitioners Jhall pray, &c. 

Tbs VINDICATION of the OFFICERS of the Army 
under Sir Thomas Fairfax. 

THE Mifreprefentatlons of us and our harm- 
lefs Intentions to this Honourable Houfe, 
occafioningha.rd Thoughts andExpreflions of your 
Difpleafure a^ainft us, \ve cannot but look upon 
as a'n Act of. mod fad Importance; tending, in 
our Appreherifions, to alienate your Affection^ 
from your ever trufty and obedient Army ; than. 
which nothing can more rejoice your AdveriarLes,, 
or minifter greater Hopes of their Re-advance- 
ment : Nothing more clifcou; a^ing to us, who 
(hould efteem'it the greateii Point of Honour to 
ftand by you till the Confuqimation of your 
Woik, the Removal of every Yoke from the 
People's Necks, and the Eftabjilhment of thole 
good Laws you (hall judge ncc<-{Iary for the Com- 

4 Out of our Fears therefore of the Advantage 
* that may be had therefrom and that the Honour- 

VOL. xv, z * ^u:c 

354 V& e Parliamentary HISTORY 

2, car. I. c able Houfe may -retain the fame good Opinion 

* of us they foimerly had, (whom God hath hi- 
' l therto blefb'd with abundant Bleffings) we hum- 

*'bly crave the Boldnefs to prefent unto you fome 

* Rcafons, to clear our Proceedings in thofe Paf- 
1 i. 2s which we find mod obvious to Exceptions 

* in our Petition; whereby we hope to make it 
' evident to you, that we did no more than what 

* Neceffity prompted us unto: That the Means that 

* was ufed, and the Method we took was, as we 

* conceived, rroft orderly and incffenfive, proceed- 

* ing not in the leaft from Diftcmper, and aiming 

* in no meafure at Mutiny, nor in any wife to put 

* Conditions on the Paliament; and that you will 
' from thence difcover the Corruptions of thofe 

* Men's Hearts, who have been the evil Inftruments 

* of occafioning your late Declaration againft us. 

' For our Liberty of petitioning, we hope this 

* Honourable Houfe will never deny it unto us; 
*- we know not any Thing more eflential to Free- 
4 ,dom, without which Grievances are remedilefs, 

* and our Condition moft milerable. You have 
4 not denied it to your Adverfaries ; you juftified and 
c commanded it in your Declaration of the fccond 
' of November 1642, in thefe Words, // is the Li- 

* berty and Privilege of the People to petition unto as 

* for the Eafe and Redrefs of their Grievances and 

* Opprejfions, and we are bound in Duty to receive 

* their Petitions. And we hope, by being Soldiers, 

* v/e have not loft the Capacity of Subjects, nor 

* diverted ourfelves thereby of our Intcrefts in the 

* Common-wealth ; that in purchafing the Free- 
v doms of our Brethren, we have not loft our own. 

* Befides, we can inftance Petitions from Officers 
4 in the Earl of E/ex's and Sir inUiam Waller's 

* Army, even whilit they were in Arms, which 

* were well received by this Honourable Houfc, 

* with a Return of Thanks; and therefore we hope 

* we (hall not be confidered as Men without the 

* Pale of the Kingdom, excluded from the ,funda- 

* irental Privilege of Subjects ^ efpccially fincc we 

* ar 

of E N GX A N D. 35,- 

t are confcious to ourfelves of nothing that may An. 13 Car. 
4 deferve the fame. v 1(> * 7 ' 

4 We have not till now appeared in petitioning, April. 

* though our Neceflities have been frequent and 

* urgent ; not that we doubted our Liberty, but be- 
1 caufe we were unwilling to interrupt you in your 

* other weighty Affairs. And we proceeded at this 

* Time with the greateft Care and Caution we 

* could of giving the leaft Offence, intending not 
c to prefent our Petition to this Honourable Houfe, 
4 but with the Approbation and by the Mediation 

* of his Excellency, our ever honoured General; 

* knowing how watchful our Enemies were to make 
4 the hardeft Conftru&ion of all our Actions, and 

* reprefent us to you and the World under fuch 

* Terms as may render us moft odious. 

* You may fee the Infidies of them by the faife 

* Suggeftions they have already made to you, of 

* our forcing Subfcriptions: The Reafonablenefs 

* and Neceflities of our Defires, whereof almoft 

* every Soldier is abundantly fenfible, will plead 
4 the Vanity of fuch an Inrorcement ; efpecially 
4 when it fliall be known that the Petition took its 

* firft Rife from amongft the Soldiers; and that 
4 we engaged but in the fecond Place, to regulate 

* the Soldiers Proceedings, and remove, as near 

* as we could, all Occafion of Diftafte. 

4 For our Defires of Indemnity for fuch A&ions 
' as (being not warrantable by Law in Time 
4 of Peacej we were inforced unto by the Nc- 

* ceffity and Exigency of the War, we are con- 
4 ndent this Honourable Houfe will approve of it, 
4 when you (hall be informed that the Soldiers are 
4 frequently indicted at Aflizes and Seflions, and 

* otherwife grievoufly molefted for fuch Actions, 

* and .many lately fuffering for the fame; and 
c that notwithstanding that Provifion you lately 
4 made againft it, divers have had Verdib palled 

* againft them this laft Affixes, for Actions done 

* as Soldiers, as we are credibly informed. If this 

* be pra&ifed during the Time of your Scfiion, for 

* what we did through the Exigence of your Ser- 

Z 2 vice, 

57? Parliamentary 

vice, what cruel and violent Proceedings are vr: 
like to find after you are pleafcd to diflblve ? 
.rtpril. ' For tne particular Intimation that the Royal 

* AfTentmay be defired, we never intended by it to 
' Itflcn your Authority; but fince you have, by 
' ofFcring the Piopofitruns, judged the defirir.g; the 
' King's A (Tent convenient; fince likcwife th'e 

* City of Lend::: made the fame Dcfir'e without 
' Offence r As to vour Orders to the Judges, we 
' know not how ThVcti;:.! they may prove to favc 
' us from fuch i^roceWlng's after your Scffions. 

* All thcfe Rcafons confiderecl will, wehope, mani- 

* fe ft our Intentions in that Intimation to be only a 
' provident Caution for our future Safety, without 

* the Icaft Thought bFDifrefpecl: to your Authority. 
* For the Delire of our Arrears; Neccflity, 

* cfpecially of our Soldiers, inforced us thereun- 

* to: That we have rot beerr mercenary, or pro- 
' pofed Gain as our End, the fpecdy Ending of a 
' languifhing War will teftify for us, whereby the 
' People are much eafed of th ir Taxes and daily 

* Difburfempnts, and decayed Trade reftorcd to' a 
' full and fiourifhing Condition in all Quarter's. 

* We left our Eflatcs, and many of us our Traces 

* and Callings to others, and forfook the Content- 
.' nients" of a quiet Life, not fearing or regarding 

* the Difficulties of War, for your Sakes. After all 

* which we hoped that the Defires of ourhar'dly- 
6 earned Wages, by the Mediation of our General, 

* would have been no unwelcome Requell, nor 
' argued us guilty of the leaft Difccntent or Intcn- 
' tion of Mutiny. 

c \V T e know not any Thing further in our Pct:- 

4 tion which hath been cxcepted againft, but your 

* Apprehcnfions that it tcndeth to hinder the Relief 
' of Ireland, which we do not underiland wherein ; 

* having always manlfeflcd, in all our Actions, 

* our Readineis to-further that Work; unlefs you 

* mean by that Defire, tlu.t ihnfe v.ho have iervcd 
' X r olv;ntarily [hpuld not be prcfled to go cut of fT.c 
' Kingdom ; to which we humbly cf/cr this, Th. t 
4 thcfe wiri have voluntarily fervcd in tiu-lc 



* :ur I left their Parents, Trades, and Livelihoods ; Aa * 

* and without any Coinpulfion, engaged of their 

* own Accords, mould, after all their frc? and u:i- 

* wearied Labours, be forced and compelled to go 

* out of this Kingdom, whofe Peace they have fo 

* much endeavoured with unwearied Pains, hoping 

* thereby to have lived and enjoyed the Fruits of 

* their Labours, would to them feem very hard : 
' But befides this, our feveral Votes and Engager- 

* men's, March 21, to endeavour the Service of 

* Ireland what we could, will clear us, and prove 

* our good Affections in promoting that Work; and 
1 therefore we hope what hath been faid will re^ 
4 move all Scruples, andreftore us to the good Opi, 
4 nion of this Honourable Houfe : In Alfurance 

* whereof, and in Confideration of the Premiies, 
4 we are further emboldened to make thefe our 

* Requefts unto this Honourable Houfc. 

1. * That you will be pleafed to alb\v us our 
4 Liberty of petitioning in what m ly concern us 
4 now as Soldiers, and" afterwards as Members of 

* the Common-wealth. 

2. 4 Since, Upon the falfe Suggeflions of fo:ne 

* Men informing you that this Ariny intended 
4 to enflave the Kingdom, the Honourable Houfe 
4 was fo far prevailed withall as to fumrnon divers 
4 of us to appear at your Bar (*), and to pafs o De- 

Z 3 4 claratioR 

(rf) This Pafla? allules to a Tranfaetion of the fir ft of th;-; Month, 
in the Houfe of Commons, of which Mr. Rujif.uonb gives the fol- 
lowing Account: ' Lieute-iant-G^n-ral, C >! me! H.III- ' 
mind, Lieutenant-Colonel Pride, GV. attending at the Door, they: 
were called in ; when the Speaker told Colonel Pride. Tlut :!: 
Houfe was infrav-l that he fh >ald read a Petition (of which the 
Hb'ufesha.l an ill Senfe) at the Head of Colonel Har!:y'i R;-inajat ; . 
and that tiiere were threatening Speerhes given out, tnat ilule 
that did net fuhfcribe it Should be caihicred the Army, "r. To 
which Colon.:! Pndc p.ive for Anfwer, That the, e was no Petition, 
either by himfelf'or by his Appointment, re.ul at the HaaJ 
faid Colonel 7/rrA-y'j fCtgiment j and that there wa; no menicinj. 
orthreatning Words nfed, and denied the wh m 10 

did the reft bf'thtirt, and gave good Satisfaction in Aofter to 
was demanded of them.' CMeiliM, Vol. VI. p. 4;- Lor.l l^'l i, in his Mtmiirs, calls this AnlV:r '^' Coh- 
nel Pri <ie's mere Collufion anJ Equivocation; which he th 
counts for, by fiyin,', ' That whe-s the CO!H. } wtfll. 

cau.i ig i he Pciiti n i ! . read -.t th.- litrai of tl^rn-t.i li: J;-- 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

claration, thereby exprefling your high Diflike 
of our Petition, declaring it tended to put Con- 
ditions upon the Parliament : The Senfe of fuch 
Exprefiions is fo irkfome to us, who have ven- 
tured whatfoever we efteemed dear to us in this 
World for Prefervation of your Freedom and Pri- 
vileges, that we cannot but earneftly implore 
your Juftice in the Vindication of us, as in your 
Wifdom you fhall think fit.' 

This Petition was fubfcribed by Col. Thomas 
Hammond, Lieutenant-General of the Ordinance, 
by feven other Colonels, feven Lieutenant-Colo- 
nels, fix Majors, 130 Captains, Lieutenants, and 
other inferior Officers (d}. 

April 30. The faid Petition and Vindication 
4 Letter prefent- were read. After which Major-General ktppon(e] 
d to them by fe- produced a Letter presented unto him the Day be- 
fore, by fome Troopers of feveral Regiments in 
the Army, in Behalf of eight Regiments of Horfe; 
wherein they exprefled fome Reafons why they 
could not engage in the Service of Ireland^ under 
the prefent Conduct ; and complaining of the many 
fcandalous and falfe Suggeftions, that were of late 
raifed againft the Army and their Proceedings, 
whereupon they were declared Enemies to the Pub- 
lic; and that theyfaw Defignj were upon thenv, and 
jnany of the godly Party in the Kingdom : That 
there was an Intention to dlfband and new model 


eied it ftoutly 5 becaufe, it feems, it was but at the Head of every 
Company, the Regiment not being drawn up together.' He adds, 
* That notwithstanding all this, the Houfe, willing to bury what wa* 
paft, and hoping it would have gained them to a better Obedience for 
the future, fcnt them down again, rather with Refpeft than othcrwife, 
acquiefcing with their Denial-' And further remarks, * That this 
very Ait of Clemency was turned againft them ; and when the 
Army came afterwards to do their Work bare-faced, no longer to 
xcufe but juftify that Petition, nay make the Parliament crimi- 
nou! for oueftioning it, they upbraided the Houfa with fending up 
for the Officers from their Charge, when they had nothing to fay 
ajainft them. 

tJ!Mi Tlfrmoin, p. go. 

(</) Their Names are ail orintd in Rxf/SKarib, Vol. VI. p. 471. 

(t, Hid. p. 474 . 

of ENGLAND. 359 

thcArmy(/); which, they faid, was a Plot contrived An. i 3 car. r 

by fome Men who had lately tafted of Sovereignty; ( l6>v7 ' 

and, being lifted up above the ordinary Sphere of April. "^ 
Servants, endeavoured to become Mailers, and 
were degenerated into Tyrants. They therefore 
declared, That they would neither be employed 
for the Service of Ireland, nor fufFer themlelves to 
be difbanded, till their Defires were granted, and 
the Rights and Liberties of the Subjects fhodd be 
vindicated and maintained.' 

The foregoing Letter being recommended to the c reat rebate. 
Confideration of the Houfe by General Skippon (g ), thereupon. 
the reading of the Army's Vindication was laid 
afide ; and the three Troopers, viz. Edward Six- 
ty (h), WiHi am Allen (/'), and Thomas Sheppard^ who 
came with the Letter, (and who had prefent- 
ed Copies of the fame to Sir Thomas Fairfax the 
General, and to Lieutenant-General Crom^i-Jl^ 
both which were brought into the Houfe at the 
fame Time) were ordered to be fent for in; where 
feveral Queftions were propounded unto them, 
concerning the contriving, drawing up, and fub- 
fcribing of the fame. They affirmed it was drawn 
up firft at a Rendezvous of feveral of thofe Re- 
giments, and afterwards they had feveral Meet- 
ings about it by Agents from each Regiment in 
feveral Places. Being demanded, Whether their 
Officers were engaged in it? They anfwered, 
That they thought very few of them knew or took 
Notice of it. Then, upon Intimation that fure- 
ly this Letter came by Promotion of Cavaliers in 
the Army, it was demanded of each of the Troopers 
feverally by themfelves, Whether they were Cava- 
liers ? To which Anfwer was returned, That they 
had engaged in the Parliament's Caufe ever fmcc 
Edge-Hill Battle, and fome wounded there; at 
Z 4 Brent- 

(/) Cl*rtndo, Vol. V. p. 44. 

{g) He had been feme litik Time before elected Member for 

(4) Afterwardt a Colond. (') Sometime after A^jutant-Ocnrrai 
under Crcmwc.", 

360 Ibe Parliamentary HISTORY 

i. 23 Car. i. Brentford, at Newbery, at Henley, under Major- 
_ , General Skippon; and that they had been engagrd 
.April. in aii the Services fince his Excellency mil march- 
ed into the Field. 

Then they were demanded, What the meanuig 
of that Claufe was, wherein the Word a Sovereign- 
ty was exprefied ? They feverally being called, one 
by one, anfwered, That the Letter being a joint 
Act of thofe feveral Regiments, they could not 
give a punctual AnAver, they being only Agents; 
but if they might have the Queries in W T ritine, 
they {hould fend or carry them to the feveral Re- 
giments, and return their own Anfwers together 
with and comprized in the reft. After all thefe 
Examinations, they were ordered to attend the 
Houfe upon Summons. 

General W/<w writes (k], c Thatafter the read- 
ing of the Petition, fome of the Membeis moved 
that the Meflengers might be committed to the 
Tower, and the Petition declared feditiousj but the 
Houfe, after a long Debate, fatisfied themfelves to 
declare, That it did not belong to the Soldiery to 
meddle with Civil Affairs, nor to prepare or pre- 
fent any Petition to the Parliament without the 
Advice and Confent of their General, to whom 
they ordered a Letter to be fent to defire, for -the-* 
future, his Care therein; with which acquainting 
the three Agents, and requiring their Conformity 
thereunto, they diimifllj them,' He adds, c That 
the Houfe having Notice of this Combination a- 
gainft them from Coi. Edward Harley, one of 
their Members, who had a Regiment in the Army, 
expreu"ed themfelves highly diflatisfied therewith ; 
and fome of them moved that the Petitioners might 
be declared Traitors, alleging that they were Ser- 
vants, who ouqht to pbe.y, not to capitulate. 
Others were not Wanting, who refolved the fecu- 
rinp; of Lieutenant -General Crormve/l, fufpecling 
that he had under-hand given Countenance to this 
:-, ;' but he being' advertifed of it, went that 


i; Jl'firo-rt, Vol. I. p. rjO. 

of E N G L A N D. 361 

Afternoon towards the Army, fo that they milled AO. 2-5 Car. 
of him, and were not willing to fhew their Teeth 
fmce they could do no more. The Debate continu- 
od till late in the Night, and the Senfe of the Houfe 
was, That they fhould be required to forbear the 
Profccution of the faid Petition; but when the 
Houfe, wearied with long fitting, was grown thin, 
Mr. Denz'd Holies, taking that Opportunity, drew 
up a Refolution upon his Knee* declaring the Pe- 
tition to be feditious, and thofe Traitors who fhould 
endeavour to promote it after fuch a Day; and pro- 
mi fin g Pardon to all that were concerned therein, 
if they fhould defiil by the Time limited. Some 
of us, fearing the Confequence of thefe Divifions, 
exprefled our Diflktisfc&ion, and went out ; which 
gave others Occafion to pals two or three very {harp 
Votes againft thcfe Proceedings of the Army.' 

Lord Hollfss own Account of the Matter runs 
thus (/) : The Letter prefented to the Houfe, by the 
three Agitators before-mentioned, was an Ex- 
clamation againft the Parliament; falfe and un- 
true Complaints of Wrongs done to the Soldiers at 
Affizcs in the Counties; a Protection againft the 
Jrijb Expedition, calling it a Dcfign to break: the 
Army, declaring, even if any of thofe three 'Com- 
manders [Fairfax, Crcmiccll, and Skippcn'] (hdbld 
engage, their Adverfeneis to it ; tho' Skippon was 
appointed by the Parliament to command _ in Ire- 
land, and had accepted it; in plain Engiifli faying 
they would not difband, nor receive any.other Pro- 
p'olitions from the Parliament, till their Expecta- 
tions were fatisned. 

* The three Agitators, being called into the 
Houfe, carried themfelves at the Bar in a flight- 
ing braving Manner, refufing to anfwer fuch Que- 
ftions as the Speaker, by Order of the Houfe, afiad 
them; faying they were employed by the Army, 
and could not, without Leave irom thence, difcovtr 
any Thing. Many of the Members refenting this 
high Affront, were earneft to have themfevcrely pu- 

nffhed ; 

(l)Mcmirs, p. 84, 89. 

362 ^ Ihe Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 23 Car. I. n ifhed; but the Party [the Independents'] flood as 
ftifiyfor them, infomuch that the worthy Burgefs 
f Newcqftle^ Mr. Warmouth, flood up and faid, 
Pie would have them committed indeed, but it 
fnould be to the beft Inn of the Town, and good 
Sack and Sugar provided them; which was as ridi-* 
culous as it was a bold and infolent Scorn put upon 
the Pailiament; at laft even Mr. Skippon himfelf 
excufed them, and faid, They were honeft Men> 
and wiflied they might not be too feverely dealt 
with; whereupon the Houfe flatted, let them go 
without Punilhment, and by Tamenefs increafed 
their Madnefs and Preemption.' 

His Lordfhip proceeds to inform us, c That when 
they had wrought this Feat, Sir Thomas Fairfax 
himfelf came to London, upon Pretence of taking 
Phyfick; Cromwell^ Ireton, Fleetwood^ and Rainf- 
larough) who were Members of the Houfe of Com- 
mons as well as principal Officers of the Army, 
kept the Houfe, that the Soldiers might be left to 
themfelves to fire the more, run up to Extreams, 
and put themielves into a Pofture to carry on their 
Work of Rebellion with a high and violent Hand ; 
but in the mean Time difclaimed thefe Proceedings, 
blaming the Soldiers at that Diftance, (as Cromwell 
did openly in the Houfe, protefting, for his Part, 
he woufd ftick to the Parliament) whilft, under-* 
hand, they fent them Encouragement and Direc- 
tions ; for nothing was done there but by Advice 
and Countenance from London^ where the whole 
Bufmefs was fo laid, the Rebellion refolved upon, 
and the Officers that were in Town fo deeply en- 
gaged, that when the full Time was come for 
putting Things in Execution, my Friend Crom- 
uidl^ who had been fent down by the Parliament 
to do good Offices, was come up again without 
doing any ; and he who had made thofe fo~ 
lemn public Proteftations, with fome great Impre- 
cations on himfelf if he failed in his Performance, 
did, notwichftanding, privily convey thence his 
? Good* 

of E N G L A N Di 363 

Goods (which many of the Independents lilcewife An. r^ Car. I. 
did, leaving the City and Parliament as marked out ^ ' j 
for Dcftruftion); and then, without Leave of the Apr ii. 
Houfe (after fome Members mifling him, and fear- 
ing him gone, had moveJ to have him fent for; 
whereupon he beins, as it feems, not yet gone, and 
having Notice of it, came and fhevved himfelf a 
little in the Houfe) did fteal away that Evening, I 
may fay run away poit, down to the Army.' 

Lord Clarendon concurs with the two laft Me- 
moralifts as to the Sufpicions concerning Cromwell^ 
and the Intention of apprehending him, which he 
Introduces in this Manner (m}: 

' Cromwell^ hitherto, carried himfelf with that 
rare Diffimulation (in which fure he was a very 
great Matter) that he feem'd exceedingly incenfed 
againft this Infolence of the Soldiers ; was 1 in 
the Houfe of Commons when any fuch Addrefles 
were made; and inveighed bitterly againft the Pre- 
fumption, and had been the Caufe of the Commit- 
ment, of fome of the Officers. He propofed, 
' That the General might be fent down to the 
4 Army ; who, he faid, would conjure down this 
* mutinous Spirit quickly :' And he was fo eafi- 
!y believed, that he himfelf was fent once or twice 
to compofe the Army ; where, after he had ftaid 
two or three Days, he would again return to the 
Houfe, and complain heavily * of the great Licence 
that was got into the Army; that, for his own 
Part, by the Artifice of his Enemies, and ofthofe 
who defired that the Nation fhould be again im- 
brew'd in Blood, he was render'd fo odious unto 
them, that they had a Purpofe to kill him, if, 
upon fome Difcovery made to him, he had not 
eicaped out of their Hands.' And, in thefe and 
the likeDifcourfes, when he fpake of the Nation's 
being to be involved in new Troubles, he would 
weep bitterly, and appear the moft affli&cd Man 
in the World with the Senfe of the Calamities 
which were like to enfue. But, as many of the 

(*) Hiftory, YoJ. V. p. +t, ~ 

364 The ParTiamentary HISTORY 

An. 27 C*r. I. wifer Sort had long difcover'd his wicked Inten- 

i'H> ^ tions, (b his Hypocrify could not longer be con- 

V ~"J~^ .'. The nv;ft active Officers and Agitators 
wer^ known to be his "own Creatures, and fuch 
who neither did, nor would do, any Thing but 
by his Direction. So that it was privately refolv'd 
by the principal Perfons of the Houie of Commons, 
that when he came the next Day into the Houfe, 
which he fe'dom omitted to do, they would fend 
him to the Tower ; prefuming, that if they had 
once fevcr'd his Perfon from tne Army, they fhould 
cafily reduce it to its former Temper and Obedi- 
ence : For they had not the leart Jealoufy of the 
General, Fairfax, whom they knew to be a Per- 
fect Prefbyterian in his Judgment; and that Crcm- 
ujtll h id the Afcendant over him purely by his 
DiHimubtion, and Pretence of Conference and 
Sincerity. There is no doubt Fairfax did not 
then, nor long; after, believe that the other had 
thofe wicked IXfi^ns in his Heart againft the King, 
or the leaft Imagination of difobeying the Parlia- 

4 This Purpofe of feizing upon the Perfon of 
Cromwell, could not be carried fo fecretly, but 
that he had Notice of it; and the very next Morn- 
ing after he had fo much lamented his defperate 
Misfortune in having loft all Reputation, and Cre- 
dit, and Authority in the Army, and that his Life 
would be in Danger if he were with it ; when the 
Houfe expected every Minute his Prefence, they 
were inform'd that he was met out of the Town 
by Break of Day, with one Servant only, on the 
Way to the Army; where he had appointed a 
Rendezvous of fome Regiments ofthe Horfe, and 
from whence he writ a Letter to the Houfe of Com- 
mons, ' That having the_Night before receiv'd a 
1 L'jtrer from fome Officers of his own Regiment, 
.i; the Jra'oufy the Troops had conceiv'd of 
* him, and of his Want of Kir.tlnels towards them, 
l.waV much abated, 'fo they bclicv'J, if he 
c would be quickly prc font with them, they would 
'. all .in a. fliort*Tirhe, by hi: Advice, be reclaim'd: 

' Upon 

^, of E N G L A N D. 36-5 

Upon this he had made all the Hafte^he could, An. 23 Car. I- 

and did find that the Soldiers had been abufed by t l6 * 7 ' / 

Miftnformation; and that he hoped to difcover 
the Fountain from whence it fprung; and, in the 
mean Time, defi red that the General, and the 
other Officers in the Houfe, and fuch as re- 
main'd about the Town, might be prefently fent 
to their Quarters ; and that he believ'd it would 
be very necefiary, in Order to the Supprefiion 6f 
the late Diftempers, and for the Prevention of 
the like for the Time to come, that there might 
be a general Rendezvous of the Army; of which 
the General would beft confide r when he came 
down, which he wifhed might be haften'd. It 
was now to no Purpofe to difcover what they had 
formerly intended, or that they had any Jealoufy 
of a Perfon who was out of their reach.' 

Mr. Whitlocke here obferves (m), 'That a victori- 
ous Army, out of Employment, is very inclinable 
to affurne Power over their Principals ; and this, he 
adds, occafioned the Parliament's greater Care to 
hnd them Employment in Ireland? In another 
Place, after fome four Petitions had been prefented 
to the Houfe, and fome Printers taken up for pub- 
liming two Pamphlets^ one called Judge Jenkins's 
Vindication^ and another intituled, ^\r Dudley Digges 
tf the Llegality ofSubjefts taking Arms againj? their 
Sovereign, he adds, c Thus we fee there is nothing 
conftant in worldly Affairs; the Parliament having 
Conqueft and Succefs after their own Defires, yet 
are now miferably iiuumbered with' the Mutinouf-- 
nefs of their Army on one Side, with the Petu- 
lancy of Pamphlets and difcontented Petitions on 
the other.' 

We have been- the more particular in this Di- 
greflion, as thefe Intelligences from the Contem- 
porary Writers tend fo much to clear .up the re- 
markable Affair of the Seizure of the King by Cor- 
net Joyce ) which now hafrens-upon us. 


r:.i''., p, 2jO. 

&c. relating to a 
Letter in Cyphers 
defigned to be de- 
livered to the 

366 The -Parliamentary His ToR Y 

An. 3 Car. I. May 13. A Letter from the Earl of Denbigh, 
addrefTd to the Speaker of the Houfe of Peers, 
May. was read, with the Examination of John Brown 
and Mrs. Mary Cave, and a Cypher, fent to the 
King from Mr. AJhburnham. 

My Lord, Holdenby, May 12, 1647. 

WE fend you here inclofed a Petition which 
ferved only as a Cover to a Cypher on 
the Backfide thereof, and was to have been de- 
livered to his Majefty by Mrs. Mary Cave. It 
was brought to her by one John Brown, Servant 
to Air. AJhburnham, then at the Hague, he being 
newly removed, as Brown affirmed, out o{ France 
into thofe Parts. All the other Particulars your 
Lordfhip will find in the inclofed Copies of their 

4 Captain Abbot, the Bearer hereof, did firft dif- 
cover the Bufinefs to us, being made acquainted 
with it at the Place where he quartered ; and 
fince, in the Management of it, he hath carried 
himfelf very difcreetly. \Ve have fecured their 
Perfons with the Mayor of Northampton till your 
Plcafure be further known, which we defire your 
Lordihip to fignify to 

Tour Lordjhip' $ httmble Servants, 


"be EXAMINATION of JOHN BROWN, taken be- 
fore the CommiJ/loners at Holdenby, May jj, 

'"I "HIS Examinant faith, about two Months 
X fince he received the Petition, with the 
Cyphers on the Backfide thereof, from Mr. Afo- 
bttrnham at the Hague, and did fee Mr. Ajbburn- 
ham write the Petition, but not the Cyphers. 
' That about three Weeks fince he delivered 
the Petition and Cyphers to Mrs. Mary /:.-, 
who undertook to deliver it to the King; and 
that he was induced thereunto, being acquainted 


*/" ENGLAND. 367 

4 with her when the King was at her Father's An. 13 Car. I. 
c Houfe, with Mr. /IJhburnbam, as his Majefty came 

* from Oxford to the Scots Army. , M 

* That he had an Order from his Majefty by 

* Sir James Lilly y to attend upon Mr. AJbburnham 
' at the Hague. 

* That he never loft any Goods at Sea, as is fet 

* forth in the Petition; but that the Petition was 
' meerly written to be a Colour, that he might the 

* better deliver the Letter to the King which Mr. 

* Ajkburnham gave him.' 


Daughter to WILLIAM CAVE, of Stamford, in 
the County <?/" Lincoln, Efq ; taken before the Com- 
mijjloners at Holdenby, May n, 1647. 
*~pHIS Examinant faith, That one Brown de- 
livered her the Letter, a Fortnight or three 
Weeks fmce, from Mr. AJhburnham, and brought 
it to her as a Petition, and defired her to deliver 
it to his Majefty for Mr. AJhburnham, who is at 
the Hague : But upon View thereof faith, That 
(he faw it was more than a Petition, but did 
not know what it was, yet undertook to deliver 
it to the King.' 

The Earls of Kent, Lincoln, Rutland, and Man" 

cbefter y were appointed to endeavour to explain this 


May 1 8. The Lords received a Packet from 
their Commiflioners at Holdenby, with a Paper in- 
clofed in it from the King, which contained an 
Anfwer from his Majefty to the Parliament's Pro* 
pofitions delivered to him at Newcaftle. Mr. Rujk- 
li'orth fays that this Anfwer is large and well penn'd, 
yet hath given us no more of it than a ftiort Ab- 
itraa of half a Folio Page () : But we think the whole 
deferves more Notice, and therefore we give it 
from a Pamphlet of this Year (0), compared with the 


() Cofleaiont, Vol. VI. p. 487. 

(*) (.enJtn, printed for Ricbard Royjir.. 

T'/je Parliamentary HISTORY 

I- Copy in the Lords Journals : This Meflage con* 
tains many Things, efpccially in the Preface, 
greatly relative to that unhappy Prince's Condi- 
tion at that Time. It was ufhered in byiheiul- 
lowing Letter from the CommiflionerS at //<jAlv/7, 
addreflcd to the Earl of Mandnjicr. 

Hddenly, May 13, 1647. 
My Lord, 

' vf/HEN we font a Letter heretofore from 
' * the King to the Houfes, we acquainted 

* your Lordfhip that we held it our Duty not to 

* hinder any Intercourfe between his Majefty and 

* the Houfe, and earneiily defired Directions upon 
' .the like Occafions for the future ; but having 
fc therein heard nothing to this prcftnt, we there - 
' fore thought it fit to fend this Letter, which was 

* delivered to us by his Majefty Yefterday about 

* eialit or nine of the Clock in the Evening. We 
1 have not feen the Particulars thereof but did con- 
< ceive, from what his Majefty told us, that it coii- 
cerns the Propofiticns. We remain, 

. My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhip's humble Servants, 


The King's Meflage runs thus : 

His MAJESTY'S Moft Gracious MESSAGE from 
Holdenby, May 12, 1647. 

For the SPEAKER of the Lords Houfe pro Tern- 
pore, to be communicated to the LORDS and 
COMMONS in the Parliament of England, at 
Wcjlminjhr^ and the COMMISSIONERS of the 
Parliament of Scotland. 

His Majefty'i 
Anfwer to the 
Proportions of 

/I S the daily Expectation of the Coming of the Pro- 
-^* portions hath made his Maje/ly, this longtime, 
Peace prefented f/j forbear giving his Anjwer.. unto then, jo the Ap- 
title 11 at NCW " P earance f *k' r fend' n 2 bang no more, for any 

cf ENGLAND. 369 

*fh\ng he can hear, than it was at his firjl coming An, 23 Car. 1. 
hither, Httwithjtanding that the Earl y Lauderdale 
hath lean at London above ttjef* i;n Days, (whofe 
not coming was fetid to be r/.v orly Stop] hath caujed 
his MajeJJy thus to ancipitat their coming to bun ; 
and yet conftdering hi: Condition, that his Servants 
are denied Acccfs to him, all but very few ', andthofe 
by Appointment, not hi: own Elettiun ; and that it 
is declared a Crime for any but the CommiJJtoners 9 
or fuch who are particularly permitted by them, to 
convsrfe with his Majefty ; or that any Letters Jhould 
be given to, or received from him, may he not truly 
fay, that he is not in a Cafe fit to make Concejfions, or 
give Aiifwen, ftnce he is not Mafler of ihcje ordina- 
ry Aclions which are the undoubted Rights cf any 
free-born Man, how mean foevcr his Birth be ? 
And certainly he would Jt ill be filent as to this Subject, 
untill his Condition were much mended, did he not 
prefer fuch a right Under/landing betwixt him and 
his Parliaments of both Kingdoms, which may make 
a firm and lofting Peace in all his Dominions, before 
any Particular of his own, or any earthly Blejftng : 
And therefore his Majelly hath diligently employed his 
tttmo/l Endeavours for divers Months $ajl, fo to in- 
form his Undemanding-, and fatisfy his Confcience, 
that he might be able to give fuch Anjwers to the 
Proportions, as would be mofl agreeable to his Par- 
liaments; but he ingenifufjy profcljes, that notwith- 
Jlanding all the Pains that he hath tahsn therein, th* 
Nature of fame of them appears fuch unto him, that^ 
without difc!a:m':n7 that which God hath 
given him to jud~^ by fir the Good of him and his 
People, and will:::: ' f ,utiin<r the greatejl Violence tip- 
en his c\vn CenjcietXi . /'v cgnnot giiit his Confent t? 
all of them: 1\t his yi-/; ; :;v>', that it may appear iv 
ail the World how dtjirous ht iito "ive full Satisfac- 
tion, hath thffughi fit >.-. <-/} h'.s R.eadineft 
to grant what > ; . ;.-. a : <- receive 
from them, and Rwfcs 
at Weftminlter fijal! ,:::j further 
Information in . 'fadg- 
frit-ntj and fatisfy t'^fe Doubts ;;ct vet 
VOL. XV. A a 

<Ike Parliamentary HISTORY 

clear unto him ; defiring them alfo to confider, that 
if his Mcijijly intended to wind himfclf out of theft 
Troubles by indirect Means, wereit not eafy for him 
now readily io confent to what lath or (hall be pra- 
poffd unto him, and afterwards chufe his Time te 
break all; alledging-, that forced ConceJJions are not 
to be\ kept ? Surely he might , and not incur a hard 
Cenfure from fome indifferent Men. But Maxim} 
tf this Kind are not the Guides of his Maje/iy's Ac- 
tions; for he freely and clearly avows-, that he holds, 
it unlawful for any Man, and moft bafe in a King y 
to recede from his Promifcs for having been obtained 
by Force or under Rejlraint: therefore his Majejiji 
[nof only rejecling thofe Afis which he ejleems umvor*- 
thy cf him-, but even pajfing by that which he might* 
sir// infill upon, a Paint of Honour in refpecJ of his 
prtfod Condition) thus anfwers thefirjl Proportion f 
That upon his Maje/iy's connng to London, hi 
will hedriily join in all that foal /concern the Honour 
of his two Kingdoms * or the AJJembly of the States 
of Scotland, or of the Commifioners or Deputies of 
either Kingdom, particularly in thofe Tln^gs whiclt 
are df fired in that Propofition^ upon Confidence that 
all of them refyeftively, with the fame Tendernefi^ 
will look upon thofe Things which concern his Ma- 
jtfiy's Honour, 

In Anfwer to all the Proportions concerning Rcli-* 
fian^ his Majtjiy propvfeth, That he will confirm 
the Prejbyterial Government, the AJ/imbly of Di~ 

' f or l ' 

at Weftmiriftcr* and the Direftory, for three 
being the Time Jet down by the two Hottfei j 
fo that his Mnjellj c*ud his Hotijhold be not hindred 
from that Form of God' f Srevice which they former- 
ly have bad; and^ alfo^ that a free Confutation and 
Debate be had with the Divines at Weftminfter, 
(twenty of his MajtflfS Nomination being added 
unto them) whereby it may be determined by his Ma- 
iejly ana the two Houfes, how the Church Jhatt be 
governed after the faid three Tears^ or fooner, if 
Differences may be agreed. 

Touching the Covenant ; his Majejly is not yd 
tltrcin jatifady and defirn to rejpite his particular 


^ENGLAND. 371 

Jlnfwer thereunto untill his coming to London ; be- An. 23 car. I 

raufe, it being a Matter of Confcience, he cannot 

give a Refolution therein till he may be aflifted with 

the Advice offome of his own Chaplains, which hath 

hitherto been denied him, And fuch ether Divines at 

Jhall be mo ft proper to inform him therein; and then 

he will make clearly appear , both his Zeal to tht 

Proteftant Profijficn, and the Un'un of theje tw* 

Kingdoms, wmch he conceives to be the main Drift 

if this Covenant. 

To the Jeventh and eighth Proportions^ his Ma- 
jtjiy will confent.. 

To the ninth, his Majcjly doubts not but to givi 
good Satisfaction, when he facdl be particularly in~ 
formed how the faid Penalties /hall bt levied and 
difpofed of, 

' "To the tenth, his Maje/ly't Aifwer is, That ht 
bath been always ready to prevent tht Practices of 
Papi/is ; and therefore is content is pafi an Aft of 
Parliament for that Purpcfe: And, alfo, that the 
La iv! agalnji them l-e duty executed. 

His Moj'ejly will givt his Ajjent to the Aft fir 
the due Ohfervation of the Lord's Day ; far the Suf>- 
preffing of Innovation!, and thofe concerning tin 
Preaching cf God's Ward; and touching Non-ReJi- 
tlence find Pluralities. 

His Majejly will yield to fuch Acl cr Afls, as/haft 
be reqiiijite to raife Afoktts'for the Payment and fa* 
lisfying all public Debts, expelling alfo that his 
will be therein indued. 

As to the Pr-jpofition touching the Militia ; though 
t::s Majejly cannot cogent unto it in Terminis as it 
ts pnpsfi'd, becaufe thereby, he conceives, he wholly 
parts with tkj Pciver cf the Sivord intr lifted to him 
// God and the Laws of the Land, for the Protec- 
tion and Government of his Pi-^ph ; thereby at ana 
dlvejYmg himfelf and ^/inheriting his Pcfterity, 
tf that Right and Preffsathrf of the Crown whiJt 
ts abfohitely necfffiiry to the Kingly Office, and fo 
weaken Monarchy in this Kingdom, that little more 
tbav tb: l\sme and Sb-idwj of It vj'iil remain : Yet, 
A a 2 if 

372 The Parliamentary H i s T o R v 

An. 43 Car. I. /^ jt be only Security for the Prcfervation of tbt 
647> , Peace of this Kingdom, after the unhappy Troubles, 
Wav and the due Performance of all the Agreements which 
are now to be concluded, which is dejired, (which 
his Majejly always underjtocd to be the Cafe, and 
hopes that herein he is not miftaken) his Majejly 
will give abundant Satisfaction ; to which End hi 
is willing , by Att of Parliament^ that the whole 
Power of the Militia, both by Sea and Land, for the 
Space cf ten Tears , be in the Hands of fuch Perfons 
as the two Houfes Jhall nominate, giving them 
Pcwe", during the jaid Term, to change the faid 
Perfcns, and fubjlitute others in their Places at Plea- 
fur e ; and afterwards to return to the proper Chan- 
nel again, as it u'cis in the Times of llihieen Eliza- 
beth and KtKg Jatne?, of blfjjed Memory. And 
now his Majejly conjures his two Houfes of Parlia- 
ment^ as they are Englifhmcn and Lovers of Peace, 
by the Duty they owe to his Majejry their King, and 
by the Bcwels of CompaJJion they have to their Fel- 
low Subjefis, that they will accept of this his Ma- 
jejlys Offer, wherel.y the joyful News of Peace may 
be reflated to this languijhing Kingdom. His Ma- 
jejly will grant the like to the Kingdom of Scotland, 
/ ;/ be defired, and agree to all Things that are pro- 
pounded touching the confer ving cf Peace betivixt the 
two Kingdoms. 

Touching Ireland (other Winvs being agreed) h'n 
Majejly ivill give Satisfaction therein. 

As to the mutual Declarations prapufedio be cjla- 
bliJJjfd in both Kingdom; by Aft of Parliament, and 
the Modifications, Qualifications, a;;d Branches 
which follow in the Fropofithns ; his Majejly only 
frofe@a t That he doth nut Ji'jpcisntly underjland, 
nor is able to reconcile many Thing: contained in 
them, but this he well knowelh, That a general Aft 
cf Oblivion is the be/f Bond cf Peace ; and that, af- 
ter fntf/fifie Troubles, ths Jyifdom of this and other 
Kingdoms hxth nfually and happily, in all Ages, 
granted gzr.eral Pardons \ whereby the numerous 
Diftontetitmenii of many Perfins. and their Families 


of E N G t AN D. 373 

tiherwife expafed to Ruin, might mt b'come Ft'ivrl to An. 2 } Car. 
new Diferdc'rs, or Sseds to futrre Troubles: ///'; I6 47- 
Maje/iy therefore dejires, that his two Hnfis of ^TTf 
Parliament wiuld ferioujly dffccnd into thefe Confe- 
derations, and likewife tenderly look upon bis Condi- 
tion herein, and the perpetual Dijhonour that nit t ft 
ehave to him, if /v (hall thus abandon fo many Per- 
fons of Condition and Fortune thqt have engaged 
themfelves with and for him out of a Senfe of Duty ; 
and propounds, as a very acceptable Tejiimony of their 
Ajfettion to him, That a general Aft of Oblivion 
and free Pardon be forthwith pajfed by Att of Par- 

Touching the mw Great Seal ; bis A4x)ejly is wry 
willing to confirm both it and oil the Afls done b-y 
yirtue thereof untill this prefent Time, fo that it be 
not thereby prejjed to make void thofe Alls of his 
done by Firttie of his Great Seal, -which in Honour 
end 'Juflice be is obliged to maintain ; and thai the 
future Government thereof may be in his Majcjly, 
according to the due Courfe of Law. 

Concerning the Officers mentioned in the nineteenth 
Article ; his Majejiy^ when he Jhall come to Weft- 
minftcr, will gratify his Parliament all that pojftbly 
he may, without dejlroyin'g the Alterations which art 
nccejfaryfor the Crown. 

His Majejly will willingly confent to the Aft for 
the Confirmation of the Privileges and Cuftoms of 
the Qity of London, and all that is mentioned in the 
Propofitians for thc'ir particular Advantage. 

And now that his Majefty hath thus far endea~. 
voured to comply with the Defires of his twi Hcufss 
of Parliament, to the end that this ^reement may 
be firm and lofting, without the bajl Face or Qutf- 
tion of Reftraint to blcmijh tbt fame, his Majefty 
tarnejlly defer es prefently to be admitted to his Par- 
liament at Weftminfter, with that Honour which 
is due to their Sovereign ; there fclemnly to confirm 
the fame, and legally to pajs the Afls before -men* 
timed ; and ta give and receive a> well Satisfaction 
in all the remaining Particular;, as likcwifi Cuch 
qtber Pledges of mutual Lore, Truft, and 
A a 

374 tt* Parliamentary HISTORY 

23 Car. I. as foall mcjl concern the Good of Urn and his People \ 
' 4 J' , upon which happy Agreement, his Majcjiy -will dif- 
May. patch his Directions to the. Prince, his Sen, to re- 

turn immediately to him, find will undertake for his 

ready Qbedisutc thereunto, 

2O ' ^ e Lords having appointed this Day 
for taking the King's Letter into Confideration, it 
w as again read ; and the Quefticn beins put, Whc- 
ther the King {ha}] bc broug k t fr{J ^ Holdenby 

rearer to London, before inch Time as their Lord- 
fhips confider cf the whole Matter of the Letter I 
it was refolved in the Affirmative, by a Majority 
of 15 againft 9. 

The Queftion being next put, Whether Oat- 
lands fhail be the Place where the King fhall b^ 
removed to frcm tfchlenby, as foon as it can be 
made ready for him ? It was alk> refolved in the 
Affirmative, rnd a Meflage was fent to the Houfe 
of Commons to defire their Concurrence. 

A Petition ftyi. The fame Day a Petition, directed To the Right 
^"o ^th^iT" fJtiiwrable ar.d Supreme Authority of this Nation, 
the Commons in Parliament afTemblcd ; and in- 
titulcd, The humble Petition of many Thoufands, 
' God y 

. d *f tr ' l "& th * Glor y fGod y the Freedom of 

' the Common-iveahb, and the Peace cf Men, was 
-read; and it was refolved that the fame beburntby 
the Hangman, on a Divifion of only 94 againft 86. 
7'he Purport or Prayer of the Petition is not enter- 
ed in the Journals, nor do we meet with it in any 
of our Collections. The Offence feems to have 
been ftyling the Commons thefupreme Authority of 
we Nation: -- But this Cenfure being carried by 
fo fmall a Majority, plainly indicates that the Peti- 
tioners had a ftrong Party in the Houfe : And, in 
Jefs than two Years after this, the Dochine thus 
rcnfurcd was made the Law of the Kingdom. 

May 21. In order to fatisfy the Army in feme 
Meafure, an Ordinance was ptifled ar.d publilhed 
K> this Effetf : 


^ENGLAND, 375 

The Lords and Commons taking Notice that An - 'jj "' 

* divers well-affected Perfons have been fucd, in- ' 
' di&ed, profecuted, or molcftcd ; and others arc 

' likely to be fued, indited, profecuted, or moleftr 

1 ed, for Acts done by Authority of this prelent 

< Parliament, and for the Service thereof, during 

* thefe late Wars and Troubles ; do hereby ordain fuch is have 
' and declare, That no Perfons who have act- cd ia t!lc Ser 
4 ed by Authority of Parliament, or for the Service 

' thereof, ought to be fued or molefted : That 
' fuch as are or fhall be fo fued or molefted, may 

* plead the general LTue that they are not guilty, 

* and give this Ordinance in Evidence; and fhall 

* have treble Cofts awarded them : That fuch 
' Perfons as are not able to defend a Suit at Corri- 

* mon Law, or may find themfelvt-s aggrieved in 

* the Proceedings thereof, may, either before or, 
1 after Trial at Common Law, make their Coin- 

* plaint to the Committee of Parliament, herein 

* named, or any five of them, who are impowered 

* to determine fuch Complaints, to examine Wit- 

* nefies, and to commit to Prifon, if they fee 

* Caufe, any Perfon fuing as aforefaid, and to award 

* to the Defendant treble Damages : That in cafe 
' any Sollicitor, Attorney, &c. do not forbear the 

* Profecution upon Order fhew^d from the faid 
Committee, thatthen fuch Solicitor, Attorney, rV, 

* {hall be committed to fafe Cultody. Provided that 

* nothing in this Ordinance fhall difcharge any Per-r 
' fon from making a true Account to any Com- 
' miflioners or Committee of Parliament of what 

* they have received for the Benefit thereof (1>)S 

To fhew that the Art of uccyphering is no mo- 
dern Invention, we giv'e the following Inftance of 
a Letter in Figures fent to the King from Mr. 
/fjbburnbam, which had been intercepted by th^ 
Commiflioners at Hsldeniy y and by them tianf- 
mittcd to the Parliament, as already mentioned. 
This Letter, as decyphered, runs thus : 
A a 4 

lf>] Thii Ordinance at large, with the Names of the Com mi like* 
ers of both Hout'cs, U printed in Sceltrt CcHcfliar.i, g. i2^ 



'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Hague, Feb. 28,1646. 
May it pleafe yyur Majcfty, 

AS 173 hath written to you lately by Perfons 
** at large, this is in fhort to tell your Ma- 
jeft/, that my Soul is forrowful to Death" for your 
Afflictions ; and 389 doth confefs that Weight to 
be greater than Mankind pan fuffer, unlefs your 
Majefty look ftedfoftly upon Religion and Ho- 
nour: Yet be not difcouraged, forif you conti- 
nue conftant to your Principles, you will yet 
overcome all, and, in all Probability, you will 
fee a good War for your Recovery. 389 hath 
perfected his Negotiation with Prince William ; 
and if the Peace between Spain and the States 
be declared, which is confidently faid here, he 
v. ill certainly land a gallant Army for your Re- 
lief 5 and 389 hopes you fhall have the Irijh Ar- 
my and this meet fuccefsfully : Therefore, as you 
tender the good of you and yours, be conftant 
to your Grounds. If your Majefty make Laws 
to ftrengthen their ufurped Power, or part with 
the Church Lands, there can be no Hopes to re- 
ftore you, and your Pofterity will be for ever loft. 
All that I, or any of your faithful Servants, can 
fay to you is, to beg conftantly for you, that 
God would fortify your Refolutions, and enable 
you to go through your unheard-of Trials with 
Piety and Reputation; which is, and ever fhall 
be, the Prayers of 

, four humblefl and faiibfullejl 


P. S. ' 389 hopes you have burnt all yourLet- 

* ters and Cyphers ; if you have not, for God's 

* Sake do it. Your Majefty will ftill remember 

' the Alphabet, in Confidence whereof you fee 

* 389 hath only made ufe of that Part.' 

Next the Letter and Examinations, fent from 
-ihe Voiwr.iflioners at Hddenby-> were alfo read 


of ENGLAND. 377 

along with the foregoing (e] ; and the Queftion be- An. 2, Car. I. 
ing put, Whether this Letter of the Commiffioners ^^47* ^ 
with the Examinations and the Decyphering, j^y. 
(hall be now communicated to the Houfe of Com- 
mons ? it was refolved in the Negative ; where- 
upon the following Lords entered their Diflents. 

' In Confideration that this Letter being decy- ft there 

phered, importeth Matters of fuch high Confe- upont 
quence; and, by Examination, appears to have 
been fent from Mr. AJbburnham to the King, who 
hath been much employed in the King's Defigns 
againft the Parliament, they conceived it fit to 
be communicated to the Houfe of Commons for 
the Good and Safety of the whole Kingdom ; 
and that they may be acquitted from any Incon- 
veniency that may arife by the not fending of it 
down to the Houfe of Commons, they have ac- 
* cordingly entered this their Proteftation.* 


But it being moved, That the original Letter, 
with the Examinations taken by the Commiffioners 
and their Letter, fhall be now communicated to 
the Houfe of Commons, it was refolved in the Af- 

May 22. Some Officers in the Army having con- 
fented to be difbanded, the Lords thought fit to 
pafs an Ordinance, fent up by the Commons, for 
the Payment of j 7, 1 38 /. i o s . 1 1 d. to thofe redu- 
ced Officers, late under the Command of Sir Tho- 
mas Fairfax. 

May. 27. The Lords took into Confideration votes relating to 
fome Votes, fent up by the Commons, about dif- the Dilban 
banding the Foot; and the firft being read, viz. theFcot 

Refilvcd, i. That the General's Regiment be 
firft difbanded ; that the Time for that Difbanding 

(e} Tkcfc r? before given at p. 360. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

L be on the firft of June, and that the Town of 
Chelmsford be the Place for the Rendezvous.' 

The Queftion being put, Whether to agree to 
this Vote now read r It was refolved in the Affir- 
mative, the Earls of Denbigh and Mulgrave, and 
the Lord Vifcount Say and Sele, difienting. 

Then the reft of the Votes were feverally read 
and agreed to as follows, viz. 

2. ' That fuch as will engage for Ireland (ball 
prefently be taken on, and have a Fortnight's Ad- 
vance paid them out of their fix Weeks, befides the 
two Months Pay of their Arreas, and to march 
forthwith to Ingat/rone, there to receive Orders. 

3. Thatthofe that {hall be difbanded fhall re- 
ceive their two Months Pay of their Arrears, and 
fhall depofit their Arms in the Church, and have 
a Pafs to go to their feveral Homes. 

4. * That the like Manner be obferved in dif- 
banding the reft of the Regiments, at the feveral 
Times and Places of Rendezvous, as follows, Wz, 

' That Col. Hawfon's Regiment be difbanded at 
BiJhops-Stortford, on the third of June next; and 
thofe who engage for Ireland to march to Puckeridge 
to receive Orders: That Col. Lambert's Regiment 
"be difbanded at IValden, on the fifth of June next; 
and that thofe that engage for Ireland march to 
Htydon to recieve Orders: That Col. Lilburnis 
Regiment be difbanded at Newmarket, on the tenth 
of June next; and thofe who engage for Ireland 
to march to Bote/ham to receive Orders ; of this 
Regiment there are 580 already engaged now at 
Evejholm: That Col. Harley's Regiment be dif- 
banded at Cambrigde y on the eighth of June next; 
and thofe that engage for Ireland to march to Stanton 
to receive Orders : That Sir Hardrtfs [falter* s Re- 
giment be difbanded at Huntingdon) on the twelfth 
of Junt next ; and thofe who engage for Ireland 
to march to Thrapjion to receive Orders: That 
Col. Hammond's Regiment be difbanded at Bedford, 
on the fifteenth of June next ; and thofe that en - 
gage for Ireland to march to Newport-Pagndl to 
leceive Orders : That Col. IngoU/by's Regiment ba 


of E N G L AN D. 379 

(Jifbanded at Wood/lock^ on the fourth of June An. a} c r . l 
next; and thofe who engage for Ireland to march l6 47' 
to Chipping Norton. * r? 

5. * That Field-Marfhall Sktppons Regiment 
t Newcajlle be taken on for Ireland^ and march 
according to his Orders. 

6. ' That the Money for difbanding all thofe 
Regiments, and alfo a Fortnight's Pay for thofe 
that (hall go for Ireland, be conveyed under a ftrong 
Guard to the feveral Places of Rendezvous, to 
be there the Day before the Day of difbanding. 

7. ' That the General be defired to iflue out 
his Orders to the feveral Regiments, to be at the 
feveral Places and Times of Rendezvous refpec- 
tively; and that himfelf be prefent to fee them 
difba'nded ; as likewife Field-Marfhall Skippon^ 
who is then to take on fuch of them as will go* 
for Ireland: And that, in regard the Regiment of 
Col. Ingoldfby li-es ofF from the reft, and it is to be 
di (banded at Wood/leek the fourth of 'June next, 
the General is defired to fend ibme Officers to fee 
them difbanded. 

8. ' That the feveral Captains of each Com- 
pany bring a Lift of their Company, under their 
Hand, to the Place of the Rendezvous appointed 
for difbanding; wherein the Name of every Sol- 
dier in that Company fhall be exprefled. 

). ' That where it fhall appear that any of the 
ners have not two Months Pay due to them, 

fo much be abated as fhall be found to come fhort 

of it. 

10. e That it be referred to the Committee of 
the Army, to confider of Inftru&ions for ftating 
the Arrears and Accounts of the Soldiers of this 
Army, and how Debentures fhall be given them 
for fo much as fhall appear juflly due upon their 

11. That all Commiffion-Officers fhall re- 
ceive their particular Debentures upon their Ac- 
counts made by the Committee and Treafurers of 
theArmy abovefaid, 

2 12. That 


380 c fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. 12. c That the ^xcite in Courfe hal! be the 
__, Security to be given for the Payment of the Ar- 
~ Mjy, rears of the inferior OfEcers and common Soldiers j 
that the Ccmmillkm-Officers fhall be paid out 
of the Efcitescf the Delinquents inthenrft Excep- 
tions,' net' yet difpofed j and that the Committee of 
the Army do prepare and bring in an Ordinance 
to a,.s i ; u: 

13. ' That a Committee of Lords and Com- 
mons be appointed to go down, and be afiifting to 
the General in this Service of dilbanding the Ar- 

14. ' That the Committee of Lords and Com- 
mons appointed to go down to the Army, fhall, at 
the Head of every Regiment, at their dilbanding, 
give them the Thanks of the Houfes for their faith- 
ful Service to the Parliament/ 

Befides the forgoing Votes fent up to the Houfe 
of Lords for their Concurrence, the Commons 
had refolved That 40,000 /. be appointed for the 
dilbanding of thefe Regiments, and for the Fort- 
night's Pay, Part of the fix Weeks Pay for thole 
that fhould go for Ireland. But this laft Refolu- 
tion was not fent up, which is thus accounted for 
in the Commons Journals of the 25th of this Month, 
'viz. Refolved, ' That all thefe Votes concerning 
the Army, except thofe that concern the difpofmg of 
'the Monies, be fent to the Lords for their Con- 

It was afterwards ordered, That thefe Votes, fp 
pafled, fhould be fent down, enclofed in the fol- 
lowing Letter from both the Speakers, to Sir Tho- 
mas Fairfax. 

Wejlninfter^ May 28, 1647. 

which arc fenr yj arc commanded to tranfmit unto you 
Fairfir, inTut- ' W thefe Votes concerning the <lifbanding 
ter from the the Foot, whereby you will fee the Care of the 
Speakers of both < tWQ fj o ,,f es o f Parliament, to give all Satisfaction 


of ENGLAND. 381 

to the Officers and Soldiers under your Com- An - 2 3 c r * 
mand. . l *+ 7 ' . 

' You are defired to communicate thefe Votes May. 
to them in fuch Manner as you (hall think beft 
for preparing all Things which may conduce to 
the expediting the Service, which doth fo much 
import the Peace of this Kingdom, and the Re- 
lief of Ireland; to which it is not doubted but 
that you will contribute all that lies in your 
Power, and thereby add to your former Merit. 
We are 

Tour Friends and Servants^ 

Speaker of the Houfe of Peers 
pro Tempore. 

Speaker of the Houfe of Com- 

May. 28. The Parliament being flill anxious to 
ged rid of their Army at any Rate, which now be- 
gan, as Mr. Rujhwortb tells us, to be the Concern of 
the whole Kingdom, they this Day palled the fol- 
lowing Declaration, penned, as may be feen, in 
order to footh their Refentment; but it proved all 
to no Purpofe. 

THE Lords and Commons finding it of ab- , p ar i; a . 
folute Neceffity, in relation to their Duty Cent's Dechra- 
to this Kingdom, to take off the great Charge tion touching the 
which it hath fo long undergone in "Maintenance JJ^Arm^ 8 "pro- 
of Arms j as likcwife to that of Ireland, which viding for wi- 
cries out for prefent Relief, and muft otherwife **> &< - 
irrecoverably perifh, have therefore thought fit 
to difband the Fo/.t of this Army. But, withall, 
have taken it intr> their fpecial Care to give all 
juft Satisfaclior, to thofe who have fcrved there- 
in, providing for their Indemnity, and for the 
Maintenance of fuch as have loft their Limbs; 
ana likewffe for the Wjdows and Orphans of 
thofe wh/j have loft t. -;c; 

4 and 

3 82 'The Parliamentary H I s t o R Y 

An. 23 Car. I. < anc j an Aflurance unto thofe who have volun- 

v | r ' , ' tarily ferved them, not to be prefied out of the 

M^ ' Kingdom ; and alfo fuch a confiderable Part of 
' their Arrears paid to thofe that are to be 
4 dlfbanded, as is poflible to be provided for at pre- 

* fent, with a Regard to other public Services of 
c unavoidable Necefiity; and good and fufficient 
6 Security for all that {hall appear to be due, both 
4 to Officer and Soldier, upon the auditing of their 
e Accounts; which is put into a Way of fpeedy 
8 Difpatch, and of no Trouble at all to the SoU 
e dier, and but of little to the Officer; all which 

* doth appear by the feveral Ordinances and Orders 
e of both Houfes, patted to that Effect; which 
' will, we prefume, abundantly fatisfy all Perfons 
' of the Parliament's Tendernefs towards the Ar- 

* my, and Acceptance of their faithful Services j 

* and difpofe the Army to a chearful and readr 
' Compliance with- their Refolution, that Ireland 
' may be relieved, and this Kingdom recover 

* breathing Time after fo long and heavy Suffer - 

* ings; th Houfes, being fully refolved to apply 

* their whole Care and Endeavours, with God'i 

* Afiiftance, to remove thofe Preffures, which 

* either the Neceffity of War, or Want of Leifurc 

* for the Remedy in thefe troublefome Times, majr 
' have oocafioned/ 

Next, the Lift of the Regiments of Horfe to bfc 
continued for tne Defence ot the Kingdom, with 
the Names of the Commanders, was read and* 
agreed to as follows r 

toS'tHfc'cn- That the feveral Troops in the Counties of Ler- 
iptKd is Paj*. ftfter, Salop, Cbtjler, Stamffsrct* Warwick and Nor}'.-*- 
ampton, (halll mahc up one Regiment, under the 
Command of Col. NieS^am^ to be kept up in the 
Kingdom of England: That the General's o\vn 
Regiment of Horfe {hall be another: That Colt 
Greaves's Regiment be a third : That Major 
Tvjijletan be Colonel of Col. Rojfiters Regiment, 
which {hall be a fourth: That Col. IMal/ey's R* 
gimeot be a fifth : That Lieutenant-General Cram- 


Wfirs Regiment, under the Command of Major An 
Huntingdon as Colonel, (hall be a fixth : That too 
Horfe and 100 Dragoons be kept up for the Safe- 
ty of North-Wales, under Major-General Mitton ; 
and the fame Number for South-Wales, under Ma- 
ior-General Langharne ; to be commanded in Chief 
by the General, as the other Horfe kept up in ths 

Ordered, < That the Earl of Warwick and Lord 
De La War be defired to go down to the Army, to 
fee the Difbanding thereof according to thefe Vote! 

'June i. Two Letters from Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
in Anfwer to the laft Orders of Parliament fent to 
him, together with a Paper, called The humble Ad- 
vice, &c. of the Council of War, were read to the 
follows : 

And, firft, that to the Committee at Derby-Houfe : 

For the Right Honourable the COMMITTEE of 
LORDS and COMMONS for Irilh Affairs, fitting 
t Derby-Houfe. 

Bury, May 30, 1647. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

YEfterday, towards Evening, I received your 
Lordfliips Letter, and Votes therein in- *"" f 
clofed : Before the Receipt thereof I had con- toSr 
vened the Officers unto a general Council of War, mittee, concero- 
to advife concerning the better tranfacting of that 
Buflnefs, and Prevention of all Inconveniences ; l 
whereupon, after much Time fpent about it, we 
came to thefe Refolutions, which declare much 
Diflatisfa&ion in the Army at being difbajided 
without having their Grievances fully redrefled ; 
and the Danger that may enfueifany one Regi- 
ment fhould be drawn out to di(band, before thp 
whole Army "be equally fatisfied. The Resolutions 
are Ion? and many, which I (ball hairen by a Mef- 
fenger o.i purpofe to both Houfes of Parliament ^ 
being Things, indeed, of that great Concernment, 

4 as 

Another to the 
E*tl of Manche- 
tter oo the fame 

Parliamentary Hi S f o R V 

as I cannot but, in Duty and Difcharge of my-* 
felf, comfnunicate unto the Houfes. 
' In the mean Time I humbly offer unto youf 
Lordfhips Confideration, that if you hold your 
intended Journey to Chelmsford, there is little 
Hopes (as the Temper of the Army now (lands) 
that your Lordfhips will find Things anfwerable 
to your Expectations : However, I have appointed 
a Guard of Horfe, out of my own Regiment, to 
be there on Monday ; but I doubt, the Orders 
coming fo late, they cannot be there fo early% 
as to meet the Money upon the Way ; and for 
the fame Reafon I could not poffibly have the 
Life-Guard to be there in Time, it being now 
quartered in ~Bedfordfhire, nor any other Guard 
but out of my own Regiment of Horfe, which 
lieth neareft. I remain 

Your Lordjbips humlle Servant, 


The other 

My Lord, 

was addrefled to the Earl of Man- 

Bury, May 30, 1647. 

YOUR Lord {hip's Letter of the 28th I re- 
ceived Yefterday, with the Votes of both 
Houfes inclofed therein : Before the Receipt 
thereof I had called the Officers unto a general 
Council of War, to advife concerning the better 
Tranfaction of the Bufmefs, and Prevention of 
all Inconveniences thereupon. When they were 
in Confutation I communicated your Lordfhip's 
Letter, and the Votes therewith fent, unto them. 
After much Time fpent in the Debate thereof/ 
this inclofed was delivered to me by the Officer?, 
as the Refult of the Council of War; which, 
being of very great Concernment, I' held it my 
Duty to haften unto your Lordibip. 
6 It is no fmall Grief of Heart to me that there 
' flvould'be any Diflatisfa6tion betwixt the Parlia- 

* ment 

r/ ENGLAND. 38- 

ment and the Army, and that 'the laft Votes aid An. 21 Car. 1. 

not give Satisfaftion. I befeech God to diredl ^ l6 *?' f 

your Lordfhips to proceed with fuch Wifdom, j u ne 
tliat Things may be determined inLove^ and this 
poor Kingdom freed from further Diftractions i 
which is the earneft Defire of 

Tour Lard/biff i humble Servant, 


The Paper mentioned in the foregoing Letter. 

Jo his Excellency Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX, Knf. 
Commander in Chief of the Parliament's Forces y 

T'be OPINIONS and HUMBLE ADVICE of your Coun- 
cil of [far, convened at Bury this Saturday the 
2tyth of May 1647, in relation to the Votes of 
Parliament communicated unto us by your Excel-* 
lency, and your Defire of our Adv ice thereupon. 

Humbly Jhewing) 

1. ' ~T~* HAT, upon the Reports cdme to all the Advice at 
' J. Quarters of the Army, concerning the th e Council of 
Votes and Proceedings of the Houfes of Friday 
the lift of May ; as alfo of thofe ofThurfday the 
2yth of May^ we find the Generality of the Ar- 
my (as we alfo ourfelves) much unfatisfied with 
fne one, and fomething amazed and ftartled at 
the other; the firft Votes, of Friday, coming 
much fhort of Satisfa&ionj as to the Grievances 
of the Army then reported to the Houfe, and 
not taking: any Notice at all of fome that are 
moft material; and the latter, olThurfday^ import- 
ing, a Refolution fuddenly to difband the Army 
by Piece-meal, before equal Satisfaction be gi- 
ven to the whole Army of the Grievances, or fo 
much as any Confideration had of fome others 
mbft material ; and alfo before any effectual Per- 
formance of that Satisfaction which the Votes ot 
Friday feemed to promife, as to fome of the 
VOL. XV. B b Grie- 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

l. c Gncvances ; -all which we (hall be ready, upon 
' a little Time given us, to prefent to your Excel- 
* kncy more diftin&ly, and in Particulars. 

* II. '< That the faid Diflatisfaclion, and the Jea- 

* loufies occaftoned upon the faid Proceedings, as 

* we fear, and, by fome Effects already appearing, 

* do find, may unhappily produce dangerous Di- 

* flurbances and tumultuous Actings amongft fe- 

* ve'ral Farts of the Army, as they lie now difperfed 

* and remote frcm the Head Quarters; efpecially 

* amongft thofe Regiments, whofe principal Offi- 
' cers, by neglecting and deferting their Soldiers 

* in their neceflary Concernments, or juft Grie~ 

* vances, have dilbbliged their Soldiers, and loft 
4 their Intercft with them ; infomuch that fuch 
4 Officers are in fome fort forced to withdraw 
4 from their Charges, and can fcarce, with Safe- 
4 ty, come at them : And, to prevent the In- 
4 conveniences or ill Ccnfcquences which fuch 
4 difturbed or tumultuous Actings might produce, 
4 either to the Countries where the Army quar- 
' ter, or to the Kingdom, we humbly advife your 

* Excellency, without Delay, to draw the Army, 
4 or at leaft thofe Parts thereof that are not fixed 

* to certain Quarters upon particular Duty, unto 
' a clofer Pofturc of Quarters ; fo as each Regi- 
' merit, Troop, and Company may lye under the 

* View and Overfight of the refpe&ive Officers 

* that are left with them ; and all of them under 

* a nearer View and Correfpondence with the Head 

* Quarters, which may thus have a readier Influence 

* upon all, for a better preferving of good Order, 

* and Prevention of Inconveniences ; and, in fuch 
4 Pofture, for the Country's Eafe, as to remove and 
4 (hi ft the whole Quarters once a Week at leaft, 

* till, upon further Satisfaction, the Army may be 
4 quietly and orderly difbanded. 

III. 4 That, upon the fame Diflatisfa&ions, wo 

* find an extreme Earneftnefs and violent Propcn- 
c fity amongft the Soldiers to a general Rendez- 

* vous ; and we verily believe the firft attempting 

5 * to 


to difband any one Regiment, before equal Sa* An. 13 Car. 
tisfaction to all, and AiTurance againll thofe 
they have Caufe to fear, will occafion them all *" 
to draw together and redezvous of themfelves, 
as it were upon Alarm. To prevent the Incon- 
veniences or ill Confequences, both to thofe 
Counties and the Kingdom, of any fuch tumul- 
tuous or confufed Drawing unto Rendezvous 
without Order, we humbly advife your Ex- 
cellency, without Delay, after the Contraction 
of Quarters, to order a general Rendezvous for 
thofe Parts of the Army whofe Quarters {hall 
be fo contracted ; and this we advife and defire 
the rather, becaufe of the fcandalous Sugseftions 
of fome, importing as if the late Difcontents 
appearing in the Army, and the Reprefent;ition of 
Grievances, were not really in or from the Bo- 
dy of the Soldiery ; but a meer Delulion and 
Appearance, made by the Contrivance and Ar- 
tifice of lome factious Officers, or fome other 
Perfons in the Army ; the Truth or Falfliood 
whereof, as alfo the true Diftemper or Difpofi- 
tion of the Army, your Excellency and all others 
may moft clearly difcover, by fuch a general 
Rendezvous, without Delay or Trouble of go- 
ing to every Regiment apart as they now lye ; 
the Army may more certainly underftand what 
they may expect from the Parliament ; and both 
Parliament and Kingdom know what to judge 
and truft to concerning the Army : And to that 
Purpofe, at fuch a Rendezvous, we (hall (we 
hope through the Grace of God) difcharge our 
Duries to the Parliament and the Kingdom, as 
well as to your Excellency and the Army ; and 
dcmonftrate that the Good and Quiet of the King- 
dom is much dearer to us than any particular 
Concernments of our own. Thefe two laft 
Things we humbly advife and defire may be 
done without Delay, or that otherwife we may 
be held acquitted from all Inconveniences that 
may enfue in our feveral Charges. 

B b 2 IV. 

The Parliamentary Hi s T o R V 

IV. Since bciules theDifTitisfadVions of the Ar- 
ray hitherto in the Point of Grievances, and Ds- 
feet of .Aflurance as to feveral of thofe Things 
promifed tow Ttls Satisfaction ; and befides the 
Jcaloufies occafioned upon the Votes of Tburfilay 

* lair, aad all the ill Confequcnccs which may fol- 
4 low in proceeding thereupon ; that Couife of dif- 

* banding the Army by Piece-meal, before the 

* Satisfaction intended be performed equally to the 

* \vhole, iec-ms fomething Ihan^e and unuiual; not 

* prattifcd in the former Armies, as Major- Gene- 
' ra! MttJJfys Brigade, the Setts Army, c5"<r. nor 
' ufcJ, that we have heard of, by any State to- 
wards any Army that was ever accounted faithful ; 
'< we humbly defire your Excellency, by an effec- 
' tual Letter, to mcve the Parliament for this, as 

* that which we humbly offer and do beg of them 
'both for their o\vn Honour, in relation to what 
' future Armies they may have Occafion to employ 
' for the Rtputation of your Excellency and this 

* Army, as well as for its better Satisfaction ; and 

* as tiiL-y tender the Good and * flu red Quiet of* 

* this Kingdom, or the effectual Relief and Sa- 
fc ving of Ireland^ that they would be pleafed to 

* relume the Confideration of the Tilings voted oa 
' Thurfday laft, and to fufpend any prefent Proceed - 
' ing thereupon; as iilfo to refuse the Grievances 
' of the Army, together with the Things propo- 
' fed in the Conclusion of the Narrative from the 

* Officers ; and to give Satisfaction, or at leaft 
' fome Resolution, to each of them ; and that 
' they would not put that Temptation and Jealou- 
' fy in the Way of the Army, or that DHhonour 
upon it, as to difband it in fcattercd Pieces be- 
c fore Satisfaction be equally given to the whole. 

' And we here further dcnrc your Excellency 
' to move that what hereafter follows may be ad- 
' mitted into Confideration, but not as tending to 

* delay the Relief of Ireland: 

I . l We find moft clearly, that the great Hopes 

* fuggefted to the Parliament of the Supply of 

* that Service, in that Way at prefent intended, 

f will 

of E N G L A N D. 3^9 

will prove, ?.s to any farther Expectations out of An. 43 dr. I. 
-\V, but vain aiuMclufive; as the loud Ncife ^ ' j 

n.iny powerful OrTicers of the Army, with j unCi 
C Mr panics <. ten of Horfe, fo long 

fm<*e e.M i?,ed for that Service, hath already p-o^ 

: iu herein, if our Judgments be not credit- 
ed, we have yet difcharo;ed our Duty to the Par- 
Ih.iierv and both K ; " Adorns in declaring it. 
2. ' We cannot but, for our own and the Ar- 

urther Dif.;harge and Clearing, declare, 

f the Parliament had not been abufed by 
ns of thofe who have pretended the Promo- 
tion of that Service ; and not been by fuch Men's 
falfe Informations or Mifreprefentations concern- 
ing the Army, or otherwife, diverted from the 
Confideration of, or from giving reafcnable Sa- 
tisfaction to, the Army, in thofe Thing.; propofed 
by the Generality o'f the Officers at the firft 
Meetin? at Walden, in March laft, in order to 
that Service ; and had not, by like mifchievous 
Practices of fuch Incendiaries, been fmce then 
moved and drawn into a Series and Succeffion of 
fuch Thing", as have conduced to multiply Dif- 
contents, Difcoura^e-nents, Difobligations and 
Provir it* Army; we fay, had it 

not been f. : fuoh Perfons and fuch Things, we 
are confident the Parliament might have had, if 
they p. . ' ; ,y entire and ready formed 

under tV ' their old Officers, to have 

enga^'.'J ; ; re, h vin>-; firit found ajuft 

Confideratib - . ' ~" \- - It, and Aflurance 

of the Pay andSubfiftance in that to come. 

J. MILES, Advocate. 

of the Haiife of Commons, inclojing a Copy of the 

Bury, May 30, 1647. 
Mr. Speaker, 

c F_T Avinjr called the Officers of the Army to And j, is i^ ittr 
' JTi Sr. Edmitndfiury^ I communicated unto thereupon u> Mr, 
* them Ycfterday the V otes of both Hoiues, and 
B b* Lett.-r 


. a 3 Car. I. 


A Letter from 
the Earl of War- 
wick and Lord 
De la War, coo- 
f erning great 
piforders 13 the 

*Tbe Parliamentary Hi s T o R Y 

Letter of the Houfeof Peers fent therewith, con- 
cerning the difbanding the Army j after a long 
Confuitation had thereof, this inclofed was deli- 
vered unto me, as the Refult of the Council of 
War, where the Officers were very many and 
unanimous; which being of Importance, I held 
it my Duty to halten the fame unto you, being 
much perplexed in my Thoughts that Diflatisrac- 
tio'n bcttwixt the Parliament and the Army fhould 
rather incrcafe'than leflcn. I intrcat you that 
there may be Ways cf Love and Compofure 
thought upon. I fhall do my Endeavours, tho* 
lam forced to yield to fomething out of Order, 
to keep the Army from Di former, or worfe Jn- 
cyr.veniences. I dcfire you to take fome fpeedy 
Refolution for the competing of Things, where- 
by the Kingdom may be happy in a timely De- 
liverance from further Diftradtion ; for the effect- 

* ing whereof I could be content to be a Sacrifice, 

* as the laft Service you can have from 

Yew mojl faithful and humble Servant, 


Then a Letter from the Earl of Jfarwuk and 
the Lord De la War was read : 

To the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker cf the Houfe of PEERS, 

My Lord, 

WE came to Cbelmsford this Evening, a-r 
bout fix of the Clock, where we met 
with Major DfArwrh, with three Troops of 
Horfe, by Order from the General, to guard the 
Money, FielJ-Marflial Skippm met us, and 
gave us Information that the General went from 
Sa/rcn Wuldcn^ on Turf/ay laft, to St. Edmunds 
lury, where he yet remains, 
* Yeftcrday the General wrote to the Field- 
Marfhal lying at J fatten , advertiting him thus 
much, That, at a Council of War, Matters of 
were voted by their.;, and as to 

of E N G L A N D. 391 

c drawing; out his own Regiment to Chclmsford An. 23 C*r. 
4 onTusfday, he conceiveth there was little Hopes l647 ' 

* of doing any Thing in that Bufmefs of difbanding, j ufte< 
' till the further Pleafure of the Parliament were 

* known, whereof he hath given Notice to both 
' Houfes of Parliament, and the Committee at 

* Derby-Houfe^ expecting their further Pleafure. 

When we came hither, after a little Enquiry, we 
1 found that, two Hours before we came to Town, 

* Major Goody's Company, who is the Major of 
4 the General's Regiment, and was then with the 
6 General at his Head-Quarters, had violently bro- 
c ken open the Lieutenant's Chamber, and fet a 
' Mufkec at his Breaft. After they had poflefled 
' themfelves of the Colours, they marched towards 
e Rayne, which is in the Way to Newmar&et, 

* where we heard they lay. There will be fud- 

* denly a general Rendezvous of all the Foot ; the 

< Horfe have likewife been ordered with all Expe- 

< pedition to contract their Quarters. 

' We defire further and fpeedy Inftruc~tions, 
and, in particular, what Order you will give con- 
cerning the Money. 

* As we were clofing our Letter, Lieutenant- 
Colonel 'Jackfoiiy Major Goody^ and Captain Hey- 
field are come hither ; and the Major meeting 
with his Company by the Way, and demanding 
of them by what Order they removed their 
Quarters, they anfwered the Horfe cauled them 
to remove further ; exprefling that they received 
Orders to that Purpofe from the Agitators. 
All which we leave to your Lordfhjp's Confider- 
ation, and reft 

Tour Lord/hips mojl bumble Servants, 

Cbdmiford, May 3 1. WARWICK . 


June 2. A Meflage was brought from the Houfe 

of Commons, to let the Lords know, that where- 

as they had ordered that Monies fhoud be fent 

B b 4, down 

292 1'be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 13 Car. I, down to Cbcitnsford and JVoodfiock, yoco/. to the 
. l6 *7* f firft, and 5000 /. to the latter, the Houfe, upon 
Tune. Tome Reafbns, had ordered the faid Money to be 
brought back to London. They alfo defirtd their 
Lordilaips Concurrence, that the Commiflioners 
fent down to Cbehnsfdrd might be recalled. The 
Lords agreed to the firft, but took Time to confi- 
der of the laft Requeft ; though they afterwards 
confentcd to that alfo ; and the Commiflioners 
being returned gave this Account, That they had 
not difbanded the Foot, in regard the Army was 
in a Diftemper, (Mutiny \ve fuppofe) and uid 
march away from the Place of Rendezvous. 

June 3. Advice came by a MefTenger from the 
Commiflioners at Hddcnby, that Yeilerday they 
had Information the Army had a Defign to take 
the King away from them; and that laft Night 
there came 700 Horfe to King' s-Tborpe> near h'cl- 
devby: That Jie, ^ coming axvay from thence, was 
{topped and fearched by the faid Troopers, though 
they knew hi tp to be one of the Com million ers 
Servants; and that the Commiflioners dare not 
iend any Letters, left they might be intercepted. 
Laftly, that Col, Qreaves had drawn all the Guards 
into Holdenby- Houfe, and had (hut up the Gates. 

Both Houfcs were now in great Confternation 
at this News, and fat Morning and Afternoon for 
ibme Time. And in the Afternoon of this Day 
the Lords agreed to the Form of a Letter to be fent 
.to Sir Thomas Fairfax^ to defire him to come to 
.London^ that they might be more fully informed 
by him of the Diftempers and Di flat is fact ion of the 
Army, and be advifed how they oiight appeafe 
them. The Letter to be fent down to the Houfc 
of Commons for their Concurrence, who agreed 

to it. rBut the Parliament were fopn put out of 

their Doubts, tho' not out of their Fears ; for 

June 4. The Speaker of the Houfe of Lords prc- 
fentcd. a Letter to them from the Comiflioriers at- 

ef ENGLAND. 393 

fending the KingatfloldinBfr and a Paper inclofcd, An - 23 Cu * 
both which were read : t '047- j 


To ttf Right Hm. t ] :e Earl cf MANCHESTER, 
Speaker cf the Hottfe cf PEERS pro Tcmpore. 

My Lord, 

* \ / Eftcrday we g;ot firft uncertain Intelligence 

V - f D *~ cur i i\ /? u Lori Mentague 

1 or Icme rarties ot Hone upon their March L etter a dvifing 

' r.eir Stony Stratford ; towards Night, oihcr Re- that Cornet Joyce 
4 ports came to us cf an Intention to kirnrize this had funounded 

, t^ * r, Holdenby Houfe 

'-riace, whereupon Col. (^reaves doubled the w j t j, a 

* Guards by fuch as he had moft Confidence in; Horfe. 
c at length a Scout of our own brought Word of 

' a Party of Horfe rendezvoufina; upon H'arlajlon- 
' Heathy not two Miles off, about ten o' Clock at 
' Night; and, withal], we were fecretly informed 
' that their Intentions were to feize Col. Greaves^ 

* and to pofiefs themfelves of this Place : Hereupon 

* we began to prepare for Defence ; but we found j 
' upon Advice with Col. Greaves, the Guards were 
' fo little to be relied upon, that we thought it re- 
4 quifite he fhould withdraw himfelf, left he fhould 

* be taken by Force from us, there being no Means 
' left us to fecure ourfe'ves;' to which Necefiity he 
' was contented to fubmit, and we purpofely caufed 
' it to be divulged that he was gone, -hoping there- 
4 by to divert the Horfe from falling on us ; but, 
'about one of the Clock, we had certain Know- 
' ledge of their being drawn into the Park and 
' Meadows adjoining, and that We were furrouhd- 

* ed by them ; which caufed us to fend for all the 
' Officers of our Guards, who, with one Confent, 
' declared to us that they found no Diipofition in 
4 their Soldiers to fight with any of the General's 
' Army, with whom they had fo often adventured 
' themklves againft the common Enemy. Whilft 
' this Difcourfe held with them, it paffing two of 
' the Clock, about!3reak of the Day we difcovered 

* a Party of Horfe drawn up before the great 

* Gates; whereupon we difmifled them to their 

* Charges, and immediately, at our Back- Yard 


13 Car. I 

* 4 ^' _ f 

The Paper deli- 


ff }e Parliamentary HISTORY 
< yvherc our Horfe and Dragoons flood, their Horfe, 

* with many of ours amongft them, entered with- 
' out an y Refinance at all, being quietly let in and 
' embraced by the Soldiers. We prefently fent to 
' fpealc with their Chief Officer. It was anfwer- 
' ed, That there v/as none that commanded them ; 
' but foon after, Mr. Joyce, Cornet to the Gene- 
c ral's Lifeguard (d), came unto us ; and being de- 
c manded the Caufe of their coming in this Manne r, 
' he anfwered, They came with an Authority from 

* the Soldiery to feizeCol. Greaves, that he might 

* be tried by a Council of War, for having fcanda- 
' lixed the Army j whereby a Plot contriving to 

* convey the King to London^ without Dire&ionsof 
' the Parliament, would be prevented. We de- 

* fired l>e would put the fame into Writing, andac- 

* cordingly he delivered us the following Paper ; 

* when 1 in you will not find Col. Greaves mention- 

* ed by Name, tho' intended. 

May 'it pleafe the Honourable Commiffioners of 

Soldiers under bis Excellency Sir Thomas 
Farifax's Command^ bave^ by the general Con- 
/"^/ ^e Soldiery, manifejled our true Love to the 
Parliament and Kingdom, by endeavouring to prevent 
a fecond War, dif covered by tbe Defignment of fome 
Men privately to take away the King, to the end that 
be might fide with that intended Army to be raifed ; 
which, if ejfeffed, would bt to the utter undoing of 
the Kingdom. IVe Jhall be able and willing to bring 
our Teftimony, when called for, who were the Plot- 
ters and Contrivers therein. This being the only 
IV ay and Means to prevent all thofe forementioned 
Dangers, that might have unhappily come on us and 
this whole Kingdom, whofe Weal we have always en- 
deavoured with the Hazard of our Lives, and the 
Blood of many of our dear Friends and Fellow Sol- 
diers and Commanders. This being the only Thing 


(</) Cornet Joyce was a Taylor, and had, two or three Years br- 
iars, fcrved in a very inferior Employment in Mr. H r >l!et'i Houfc. 
mdc*'* Htfory, Vol. V. p. 47 . 

of ENGLAND. 395 

prrfcnted to us, ivk'uh put us on cur late A Sim for An. 2-5 Car. I; 
the Preservation of the King's Per jr,:, and furt'.\r- l6 *7- 
ing of the Parliament's Proceedings, tygetbtr with ' ~ ' 
the CommiJJlsners great Care to effcSl tb; fame, and 
to difcharge the Trujl impofed on them* 

* This is the Condition we are in, with much 
Sorrow to ourfelves that we can give you no bet- 
ter Account, tho' our Endeavours have not been 
wanting -, our humble Suit is, that, by this Bearer, 
Capt. Titus, you will pleafe to fend us fpeedy 
Directions; the Want whereof hath been no 
fmall Difcouragement to us hitherto, in a Ser- 
vice of this Lengih and Importance. I remain, 

My Lord, 

Holdtnby, June 3, Tour Lordfinp's humble Servant, 



Capt. Titus alfo made a Narrative oftheBufi- 
nefs to the fame Effect as the foregoing Letter. 

Hereupon the Lords ordered that the Earl of 
Northnntjcrland be fent to for to bring the King's 
Children, now in the Country, to St. James's j 
and that a Letter be fent to him for that Purpofe. 

June 5. A Letter from the Earl of Northum- 
berland to the Earl of Manthtjler was read. 

My Lord, 

T'HIS Night, at eleven o' Clock, I received, ThjKing.g 
by your Mefienger, the Commands of the younger Chil- 
Houfe for bringing back the King's Children to dren brought to 
St. James's, which I (hall readily obey, tho' with 
very great Inconveniency to them ; for there is 
no Provifion of any kind for them in that Place. 
I am 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servant, 
Haptc*.c,ur t , 7^4, NORTHUMBERLAND. 


T'he Parliamentary HISTORY 

Then another Letter from the Lord Montagu* 
read, addiefTd as the former. 

. nrTn _ iri - 1TTnniII1 - 1 - Lord., HoMenby, June 4, 164.7. 

Another Letter ' "TT^HE Party that pofieired thernfelves of this 
from Lord Mon- < ^ Place upon Thttrfday Morning, carries the 
in^iT/fty's ' Kin S this Day to Huntingdon, in his Way to 
being carried ' Neiutnarkct : We, having publickly declared to 
from Holdenby t them that our Commiffion was to attend the 
b, Comet Joyce., Ring at ///</ity, and not elfewhere, till further 

< Orders, arc compelled to go along with them. 

' Would the Convoy afligned to the Service have 

* adhered to us, or had we been enabled by any 
4 other Force, our Refolution was to difcharge our 
' Truft with the Lofs of our Lives, as we told 
' them openly this Morning, when the King 

* fpoke with them in the outer Court ; but upon 
< '-the Queftion propounded, Who would ftand by 

* us \ it was replied by them all, Not a Man. 

1 We fhould make you a Narrative of Colonel 

' Joyce's Admiffion to fpeak with the King, after 

x * he was in Bed laft Night, when he propounded 

' his going to the Army ; and alfo of his Majefty's 

f Anivver given them in public this Morning : The 

* Effefl was, the King declared he came hither 
' with his own Confent, though not fo willingly 

* as he might have done, to the End he might fend 

* Meflages to his two Houfes of Parliament, the 

* greateir. Power next himfclf in England, and to 
4 receive Anfwers from them : That he had fent 

* them feveral Meflages, and was, in fhort, obli- 
' ged to flay for their Anfwers; yet being no way 
c able to oppofe fo many, he fnould go more or 

* lefs willingly with them according to the An- 

* fwers they fnould give him ; but, withall, re- 
' quired to know by what Authority they came un- 
' to him. They replied, their Authority was 
\ from the Army(<?) : That they did this of Neceflity 

4 in 

(e} Lord Cfarcndon writes, ' That there was no Part of the Army 
J^iown to be within twenty Miles cf Lolf'enby at that Time ; and 
tat which admimftered moft Caufeof Apprehenfion was, that thofc 
rs who weic of the Guard declared. ' That the Squadron, 


of ENGLAND. 397 

in order to the Peace of the Kingdom and Main- An - -3 C jr - 
tenance of the Laws ; which were in great Dan- 
ger of being overthrown by a Plot, divers Years 
fince contrived amongft Perfons that had a H.m,l 
in the prcfent Government ; and as to the King's 
Demands, which were, that he might be treated 
with Honour and Refpedl ; that he might not be 
forced to any Thing againft his Confcience ; that 
his Servants, again It whom they had no jufl Ex- 
ception, might have Liberty to attend him. Ajl 
this they confented to with Acclamation. 
* The Confufion we are in, together with the 
Hafte they impofe upon us, gives us not Leave 
to make you a better Narration ; but {hall hum - 
blydefire that we may not be forgotten in a Con- 
dition wherein your Service hath involved us, 
but that we may receive your Directions, re- 

Tour Lord/hip's humbk Servant* 

The Houfe of Commons bufted themfelves in 
voting Monies as the furett Way to fatisfy the 
Army ; and this Day, June 5, they fent up to the 
Lords, for their Concurrence, the following Votes 
and Refolutions : 

Refohed) t3c. That the Officers of this Army, Votes paffrf fe^ 
not in Commiffion, (hall have their full Pay upon Satisfying the 
their difbanding or engaging for Ireland^ dedu&- ArmJ 
ing for free Quarter according to the Courfeand 
Rules of the Army: That 10,000 /. be allowed to 
the reduced Officers : That the common Soldiers 
fhall have their full Pay, on the Footing of the 
Officers : That Commiffion-Officers fhould have 
a Month's additional Pay on their Difbanding : 
That the Declaration of both Houfes, on the joth 
of March laft, be expunged. This laft Vote the 


' v.-hich was commanded by Joytt> confifled not of Soldiers of any 

me Regiment, but were iVen of feveral Troops, and fcvcral Re- 
' giments, drawn together under h ; m who was not the proper Of- 

* ficer }' fo that the King did, in Truth, believe that their Purpofe 
was to carry him to fome Place where they might more convenient- 
ly murder hjm,' Hjjiory, Vol. V. p. 48. 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 


zj Car. I. Lords debated ; and the Queftion being put, fat 
**' i expunging the Declaration or not ? it was car- 
June, ried in the Affirmative; the following Lords en- 
tering their Names as a Proteft againft it : 



When the fame Queftion for expunging this Dc- 
the late Declara- claration was propofed the Day before, in the Houfe 
tion againft them Q f Commons, they divided upon it; and it was 
carried in the Affirmative by 96 againft 79 : 
Accordingly it was expunged in the Prefence of 
the whole Houfe; and, as the ^w/vWexprefTes if, 
The whole Houfe fitting. Here, fays Wh'itlocke, 
The Parliament began to furrender themfelves and 
their Power into the Hands of their own Army. 

A Letter ordered by the Lords to be fent to Sir 
'Thomas Fairfax^ and now fent up again by the 
Commons, was read, and debated whether it fhould 
go to that General ; but this alfo was carried in the 
Affirmative, the Lords Wi'lougbly and Jfunfilen on- 
ly diflenting. The Draught thereof, to be fign'd by 
the Speakers of both Houfes, runs thus : 

A Letter there- 
fent to Mr 

in the Name of 
both Houfes. 


THE Houfes have received your Letters and 
thofe Papers from the Council o* War. 
They have taken into Confideration to do that 
which may beft conduce to the Public Peace, 
and have already pafled divers Votes in order 
thereunto, and are going on to the reft; vhich 
they are confident will give a full Satisfaction to 
all good Men, and will leave no Scruple in the 
candid and honourable Intentions of the Parlia- 
ment towards the Army. Thefe Rcfolutiyns 
cannot be ready to be with you before ll'cdnfj- 
day next, at which Time they will fend them 
to you, and a Committee of both Houfes to 
advize with you how to improve thefe Voles 


of ENGLAND. 399 

for the fettling of the prcfent Diftempers, and to An. 17 Car. I. 
give you their beft Afliftance in communicating l6 * 7 ' 
them to the Army ; and that it may be done in j unc> 
a more public and'fatisfa&oiy Way, they defire 
you to appoint a general Rendezvous on Wednef- 
day next, upon Nemtnarkct Heath ; defiring and 
expecting that you and your Officers will, in the 
mean Time, fo order it, that the Army (hall 
neither remove, nor A& any Thing to the Di- 
fturbance of the Public Peace. This being all 
we now have in Command, we reft 

Tours, &c, 

The Scots Commiflloners residing in 
alfo taken the Alarm, and fent to the Lords to de- 
fire they would appoint a Committee to meet them 
that Day, having fomething of great Importance 
to communicate to them. Accordingly a Com- 
mittee of both Houfes were ordered to attend the 
Scots immediately. 

The Lords being informed that the Lord Dum^ 
fermllne was in the little Lobby, and faid he had 
a Meflage to the Houfes from the King, they 
ordered him to be called in, and he diliveredhis 
Meflage : But the Lords defiring him to put it in 
Writing, that fo they might deliberately think of 
it, it was deferred to the Afternoon of this Day. 
In the mean Time the Speaker, in the Name of 
the Houfe, gave his Lordftiip Thanks for his Care 
in delivering the Meflage. 

Poft Meridiem. The Meflage from the King, 
as delivered by Word of Mouth, and now put in 
Writing, was to this Effect : 

My Lords, Me 

~FAm fent by his Maje/lyto the Honourable Houfes the Kfnbth 
* of Parliament^ and commanded to impart three Earl of Durr.- 
Tbings unto them : fermfine. 

I. 'That his Majefty gocth from Holdenby un- 

2. His 

4oo 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2, Car. I. 2 , His Majejly defires that his Parliament will 

,^_ , neglett no Means for preferring the Honour of Par- 

June.. liameni, and ibe eftaUijhed Laws of England. 

3. His Majefy defires that they wilC bdirve no- 
thing thai is fent or done in bis Name againft the 
Parliament^ uhlcfs they fend to himfdf and know 
the Truth of it. 

The fame Meflage was prefehted to thcHoufeof 
Commons by the Lord Dunifermline, who deli r 
vered it fitting in a Chair appointed him by the 
Houfe for that Purpofe. 

Next, the Lords commanded the King's Letter 
from Holdenby, of the 1 2th of May laft, to be al! 
read, and then it was ordered to be read in Parts, 
and compared with thelaft Proportions for Peace' j 
for the doing which the Houfe adjourned into a 
Committee during Pleafure. The Houfe bcin'tj 
refumed, a Motion was made that the Que'ftir/n' 
might be put, Whether this Houfe would adhere 
to their former Propofitions, or not ? But it being 
put to the Queftion, Whether this fhould be now 
put ? it patted in the Negative. 

The laft Thing of this Day was, that the Lords 
received a Meflage from the Commons, informing 
them that they, the Commons, intended to fit the 
next Day, being Sunday^ in the Afternoon, and 
defired the Lords to do the fame; which they rea- 
clily agreed to. Accordingly 

June 6. A Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax was 
read, with a Paper inclofed. 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

General Fairfax's Kenford, near Bury, June 4, 1647. 

Letter relating to Jtfy L ot -^ 

^L^from 1 " 5 ' nSTHIS Day I received Advertizement from 

Holdenby. * A Holdenby, that the Soldiers of that Party, 

* formerly afligned to attend the Commiffioners* 

* there 

of E N G L A N D. 401 

there, together with fome others belonging to An. a 3 Car. I. 
that Army, (of whofe Number or Quality I had t l6 * 7 ' . " 
no Account, nor how they came thither) have, j UDe . 
of themfelves, undertaken, by placing other and 
ftronger Guards about the King than formerly, 
to feture his Majefty from being fecretly convey- 
ed away. The Grounds they alledge for fuch 
Proceedings your Lordfhips may gather from 
theinclofed, which is a true Copy of a Paper (r), 
fent to me in a Letter from thence j being, as it 
feemeth, a Kind of a Declaration prefented to 
your Commiflioners there by the Soldiers, to fet 
forth the Grounds and Intentions in the faid Un- 
dertaking. I underftand that Colonel Greaves 
hereupon is fecretly flipt away ; and therefore I 
have immediately ordered Colonel iVkaleys Re- 
giment to march up thither, and himfelf, in the 
Room of Colonel Greaves^ to attend the Com- 
miflioners, and to take the Charge of the Guards 
necefiary to be kept there. For the Prevention 
of any Inconveniency that might enfue, I thought 
it my Duty to figniiy thus much unto your Lord- 
fhip, that I might underftand the further Pleafure 
of both Houfes thereupon. I remain 

Tour Lordjhip's humble Servant, 


The Lords next proceeded to hear fofne Part of 
the Report from the Committee appointed to meet 
the Scots Commiflioners the Day before, and the 
follwing Paper was read and delivered by them : 

WorceJler-Houfe* 'June 5, 1647. 
Right Honourable, 

WHEN, in January laft, the Honourable T l* Scots Com- 
IT e i- i i r- \ i rr- i miflioners Re- 

Houfes drd defire that the King, then monftrance on 
* at Newcajile with the Scots Army, might come tfa at Occation, 
to Holdenby, they did declare to the Kingdom 
VOL. XV, C c " 4 Scct- 

(e) This Paper i; alreiiy givea in the GommiHSonirj Letter, p. 394. 

T&e Parliamentary Hi s T o R Y 

Scotland they would take Care of the Preferva- 
' tion of his Perfon, in the Prefervation and De- 
' fence of the true Religion and Liberties of the 
' Kingdoms, according to the Covenant ; and that 

* when the King fhould be at Holdenby, and the Scots 

* Army gone out of this Kingdom, they would be 

* ready, according to their former Declarations, to 

* join with the Kingdom of Scotland, in employing 

* their beft Endeavours to procure his Majefty's 
' Aflent to the Proportions of Peace ; and when 
' the Parliament of Scotland^ did give their Concur- 

* rence for his Majefty's going to Holdenby, they 

* did declare againft all Harm, Prejudice, Injury, 

* or Violence to be done to his Royal Perfon. We 

* have attended thefe fix Weeks paft, in a Readi- 

* nefs to join with the Honourable Houfes, accor- 
4 ding to their Declaration, for procuring his Ma- 
c jelly's Aflent to the Proportions ; and whilft we 
' were expecting that an Application fhould be 

* made to his Majefty, by both Kingdoms, to this 

* Effect, we understand that, in a violent Manner, 
fc his Majcfty is carried away from Holdenby^ a- 
' gain ft his Wiil, by a Party of Sir Thomas Fair- 
' fax's Army; which we are confident is without 

* any Warrant from either Houfe of Parliament. 

The Parliament of Scotland, to manifeft their 
' Confidence in the Houfes of the Parliament of 

* England, did confent to his Majefty's Coming to 
-' Holdtnby, and now, by an open Breach againft 

' both Kingdoms, he is carried away from thence, 

* we know not whither ; which Action will cer- 
' tainly be highly relented by the Kingdom of 

* Scotland, and doth engage us, according to the 

* Duty we owe to them who have intrufted us, to 

* repreient our Senfe of this violent A<St, which 
' mult needs be dangerous to both the Kingdoms j 

* and to deli re that the Houfes, in their Wifdoms, 
' would take fuch Courfe as the King may be 
' brought from thofe that have taken him away, 
{ unto fome of his Houfes near the Parliament; 
' that fo a joint Application may be made to him, 

I by 

of E N G L A N D. 403 

* by both Kingdoms, for the fetling of a juft and An. 2; Car. 
folid Peace. vl!^L 

' And we do afTurc the Honourable Houfcs, in T 

* the Name of the Kingdom of Scotland, that, if 

* there {hall be Need, they will he ready, to the 
c utmoft of their Power, ro join with this Ktng- 
' dom, as for the Ends of the Covenant, fo for rcf- 

* cuing and defending his Majsfty's Perfon, in the 

* Prefervation of the true Religion and the Liber- 
' ties of the Kingdoms; and for maintaining the 
1 Privileges of Parliaments, according to the Co- 

* venant, wherein we fhall have Regard to the 
' Honour of this Kingdom as well as our own. 

' We cannot think that all who are of that Ar- 
' my are acceflary to fuch wicked Defigns, or will 

* knowingly difappoint the Truft repofed in them 

* by the Parliament: Some, we believe, have gone 

* along in the Simplicity of their Hearts; fuch, we 

* doubt not, but the Clemency and Wifdom of 

* the Honourable Houfes may, and will, reclaim to 
4 their Duty: And, upon the other Part, we trull 

* the Prudence and Care of both Houfes will, in 

* fuch a Way as they think fit, provide againft ths 

* prefent vifible Dangers, which do more than 
' threaten the Parliament and City. 

' Thefe Things the Confcience of our Duty 

* hath moved us to declare ; and as we have ac- 

* counted it Guiltinefs for us to be filcnc at fuch 
' a Time ; fo, if a fpeedy Remedy be not taken 

* againft this Delude of the worft of Evils, we 

* truft that we have hereby exonerated our Con- 

* fciences before God and the World. 

By Command of the Comrnijfioners for tve Par- 
liament ff/* Scotland. 


June 7. The remaining Part of the Report which 
was made to the Lords, was contained in the 
following Speech, delivered by the Earl of Laud'r- 
dale at the Committee of both Houfes in the PMH- 
ttd-Cbamier : But we do not find that any farther 
C c 2 Notice 

404 Tbe Parliamentary Hi STORY 

An. 23 car. I. Notice was taken of thefe Scots Remonftrartees at 
' t 16 *7- t this Time. 


Jlfy Lords and Gentlemen, 

And the Earl of ' HP HE Interefts of thefe two Kingdoms of Scot" 
rdale's * i an d anc | Enland are fo nearl conoined 

England are fo nearly conjoined 
;rcup " in this Caufe, that what is hurtful or dangerous to 
either, muft needs be fo to both ; for they are fo 
united, that they rnuft ftand and fall together: This 
Confideration hath moved us, who have ferved the 
Parliament of Scotland here, to wait upon both 
Houfes of Parliament, having underftood that his 
Majefty is carried againft his Will from Holdenby y 
we know not whither. 

* My Lords, the Parliament of England hath 
often, upon feveral Occafions fince the Beginning 
of thefe unhappy Troubles, exprefled their firm 
Refolution to maintain and reform Religion, to 
prefcrve the cftabli(hed Government of the King- 
dom, and to defend his Majefty's Perfon and Au- 
thority, in the Defence of the true Religion and 
Liberties of the Kingdoms: Thefe C need not re- 
peat ; your Lordfhips and thefe worthy Gentle- 
men do better remember them ; and I am confi- 
dent you will make good what you have fo decla- 
red : But we are all more folemnly tied ; for when 
the Kingdom of Scotland was engaged in this Caufe, 
the Parliaments of both Kingdoms entered into a 
fjlcmn League and Covenant for the Reformation 
and Defence of Religion, the Honour and Hap- 
pinefs of the King, and the Peace 'and Safety of 
both Kingdoms. 

* In Purfuance of the Ends of that Covenant, the 
Kingdom of Scotland hath employed both their 
Forces and Councils with fo much Fidelity andCon- 
ftancy, that the Mouth of Malice itfelf is flopped, 
even our Enemies being Judges; and to take away 
all Jealoufies, and to (hew our earneft Defires of 
the Weal of the Country, and fettling Peace, our 
Army marched away, as they came into this King- 
dom, in the Dead of Winter, pun&ually perform- 
ing their Duty : And yet further to \vitnefs their 

* Con- 

</* ENGLAND. 405 

Confidence^ this Parliament, the Parliament of An. 13 Car. I. 
Scotland agreed his Majelly (hould go to Holdenby, t ' * 7 ' j 
or fome other of his Houfes in or about London, j une 
untill joint Application were made to him by both 
Kingdoms for fettling, jointly, an happy Peace : 
But it was with the two Houfes of Parliament he 
was left; they are of one Religion with us, and 
engaged in the fame Covenant ; yet we now un- 
derftand that his Majefty is violently torn away 
from that Place by ionic Soldiers of Sir Thomas 
Fairfax's Army ; we know not, nor cannot un- 
demand, by what Authority, we are confident n )t 
by the Authority of this Parliament; and, I confefs, 
I wonder how any Subjects of Great- Britain could 
take upon them to difpofe of the Perfon of their 
King againft his own Will, and the declared Inten- 
tions of both Parliaments. 

' Your Lordmips and the Honourable Houfeof 
Commons know beft what to do for your Honour, 
and Safety ; I (hall not prefume to offer my Ad- 
vice ; but becaufe this A6tion will certainly be 
much rcfented by the Kingdom of Scotland, and 
have a very great Influence there, we arc engaged 
to come hither; and, according to the Duty we 
owe to them that trufted us, reprefent our Senfe of 
this violent Act, which muft needs be of great 
Danger to both Kingdoms ; and we do defire 
that the two Houfes would, in their Wifdoms, take 
fuch a Courfe that the King's Majefty may be re- 
icued from thofe that have to violently carried him. 
away, and brought to fome of his own Houfes 
near the Parliament, that a joint Application ro- 
be made to him, by both Kingdoms, for agreeing; 
all Differences and fettling a juft and folid PCMCC. 
. * I can alfo affure you, in the Name of the Kingr 
dom ^Scotland, that, if there be Need, they will join 
as one Man with this Parliament to maintain, with 
their Lives and Fortunes, the Covenant, the King's 
Majefty, and the juft Liberties of both Parlia- 
ments, according to the Covenant, againft what- 
foever Violence; to vindicate the Honour of this 
Parliament, and to preferve and ftrengthen the Union 
C c of 

406 7 'he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. of'the Kingdoms, untill it pleafe God to crown 
._ __, all our Endeavours with Truth ami Peace.' 


As a further Means of pacifying the Army, an 

additional Ordinance, for the more full Indemnity 

of the Officers and Soldiers, was nailed by both 

Houfes, and ordered forthwith to be printed and 

publifhed; an Abflradlt whereof may luffice (d}. 

An Ordinance ' Forafmuch as, in the Times cf this late War 

for a further in- l and public Diftraclions, there have been ma 

dem % to the c Injuries done to private Perfons, and other 

Offers ad Sol- , Xrt- j i j- n r i 

4^; ' Offences committed by divers Perfons bearing 

* Arms in the Service of the Parliament; the Lords 

* and Commons in Parliament afiembled, taking 

* into their Confederations that it is expedient that 
' the Injuries and Offences aforefaid be pardoned 
' and put in Oblivion, rather than, by Pretence of 

* Profecution againft fome few Perfons, a great 

* Number of fuch who have faithfully ferved the 
< Parliament, fhould be brought into a 

* Vexation for fuch Actions as the Exigency of 

* War hath ncceffitated them unto ; do hereby or- 
' dain, That all Perfons who have committed any 
c Offences, Trefpafles, Injuries, or Mifdeameanors 

* whatfoever, during the Time they have been em- 
4 ployed in Arms, by or for the Service of the Par- 
4 liament, fhall be pardoned for the fame ; and dif- 

* charged from ajl Profecuticn or Damages there- 

* fore, at the Suit of the King or the Party grieved j 

* 2nd may, in cafe they be qucfHoned therefore, 
' plead the general Iflue, and give this Ordinance 

{ f in Evidence : That in cafe any Perfon hereby dif- 
* charched be profecuted contrary to the Tcnour of 

* this Ordinance, after Notice given, fuch Perfon 

* fhall recover Cofts of the Profccuror. Provided, 
4 nothing in this Ordinance (hall extend to 

* difcharge any fuch Pcrfcn from making a true 

* and juft Acount, to any Committee of Parlia- 
' ment, of what they have received for the Service 

* or Benefit of the Parliament.' 


(d] This Ortfrancc is at l-t^e in 3ctbei't C:.7 <T::t,ri. j>. 1:7. 

of ENGLAND. 407 

The Earl of Nottingham and Lord De la War, An. a. Car. I; 
FieM-Marfhal-General Support, Sir Henry Vane, . l6 * 7 ' , 
jun. Robert Scawenand Thomas Povey, Eiqrs ; Mem- j unCt 
bers of the Houfe of Commons, were appointed 
Commiflioners to go down to the Army. Their 
Inductions were to acquaint the General with 
the Votes and Refolutions of both Houfes, and 
defire his Afliftance to communicate them to 
the Army ; to caufe the faid Votes, &c. to be 
read at the Head of every Regiment, arid to im- 
prove them to the beft Advantage for the Public 
Peace ; to give an Account to the Houfes of their 
Proceedings at their Convenience ; and to ufe their 
utmoft Endeavours to create a good Underftanding 
between the Parliament and the Army. Upon 
which Lord Clarendon makes this Remark, (e) 'Now 
the Army thought itfelf upon a Level with the 
Parliament, when they had a Committee of the 
one authorifed to treat with a Committee of the 
other j which likewife raifed the Spirits of Fair- 
fax, who had never thought of oppofing or difo- 
beying the Parliament ; and difpofed him to more 
Concurrence with the impetuous Humour of the 
Army, when he faw it was fo much complied 
with and fubmitted to by all Men.' 

Both Parliament and City were now in the ut- The parliament 
moft Dread and Fear of the Army's coming up to n dtr f reat ft' 
them with the King, turning the former out of fjf ^rm/j 
Doors and plundering the other. This Day the marching up w 
Lords made an Order, That the Committee for ^on-n 
Irifo Affairs, fitting at Derby- Houj'e^ fhould im- } 
mediately confider of the beft Ways and Means 
for the ordering and directing the Forces within the 
City of London and Lines of Communication, 
Middlefex, Surrey, Hertfordfoire, and Kent, to 
fupprefs all Tumults, Mutinies, and diforderly 
Aflemblies, to the Difturbance of the Parliament 
and Hinderance of their Proceedings, in the 'car- 
rying on the great Bufmefs of the Kingdom. To 
this the Commons gave their Concurrence. 

C c 4 "June 

, Vol. V. p. 45. 


An. 23 Car, I, 


An Ordinance 
for allowing Days 
of Recreation in- 
flead of the abo- 
Ji/hed Feftivals. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

JuneS. The Parliament pafled an Ordinance 
for abol idling all Holidays, and appointing other 
Days for Sports and Recreations for Scholars, Ap- 
prentices, and Servants, in their Room j of which 
the following is an Abftracl (f] : 

* Forafmuch as the Feafts of the Nativity of 
Chrljl, Eafter, and IVhitfuntide^ and other Fef- 
tivals, commonly called Holidays, have hereto- 
fore been fuperftitioufly ufed and obferved ; be it 
ordained, That the faid Feafts and Feftivals be 
no longer obferved within England and Wales. 
' And to the end that there may be a convenient 
Time allotted to Scholars, Apprentices, and 
other Servants, for their Recreation, be it or- 
dained, That, with the Leave and Approba- 
tion of their Matters nrft obtained, they (hall 
have fuch convenient reafonable Recreation from 
their ordinary Labours, on every fecond Tuefday in 
the Month throughout the Year, as formerly they 
ufed to have on the Feftivals aforefaid : And if 
any Difference {hall arife between any Mafter 
and Servant, concerning the Liberty hereby 
granted, the next Juftice of Peace (hall have 
Power to order and reconcile the fame.' 

This Day the Commons fent up to the Lords 
the following Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax. 

For the Honourable WILLIAM LENTHALL, Efq ; 
Speaker of the Houfc of Commons. 

A fecond Letter 
from General 

Fairfax relating 
tt.the King's be- 
ing carried fron> 

Mr. Speaker, Cambridge June 7, 1647. 

BY my laft, of Friday the fourth Inftant, I 
gave you an Account qf what I undcrftood 
from Holdenbvi concerning the Undertaking of 
fome Soldiers, on Wednesday laft, to fecure the 
King from being fecretly conveyed away; and 
that Col. Greaves, being thereupon privately fljpt 
aw?.'-, I had fent Col. //'/W^-, with his Rcgfment 
to attend the Comtr.jfliciicrs, and to take Charge 
of rhe King's* Guards there. 


(/) -V ^ ar c e ' n 

Culltcii^r.t, p. 118. 

^ENGLAND. 409 

? On Saturday Morning, being at a Rendezvous An - 2 3 Car. I. 

* beyond Newmar&et, and advancing the Army this ^ * * 7 ' ,. 
' Way in order to quarter about Cambridge^ I re- Jun, 

ceived Advertizement that the Soldiers at Hoi- 
' denby had, upon Friday Morning, with his Ma- 
' jefty's Confent, brought him away from thence, 
' together with your Commiflioners ; that they lay 

* at Hinchingbrook^ near Huntingdon^ on Friday 
' Night, and would be at Newmarftet that Day. 

* The Ground of this Remove was alledged to be 

* an Apprehenfion in the Soldiers of fome Forces 
' gathering towards the Place fuddenly to fall upon 

* them, and to force the King out of their Hands ; 
' to withftand which they thought they might be 

* too weak, having then no Notice of Col. Whaley'i 
' coming with his Regiment : Upon this I imme- 
' diately fent after Col. Whaley^ to advertife him 
' thereof, with Order to direct his Courfe towards 

* Huntingdon ; and where ever he met his Majefty 

* and the Commiflioners, to defire they would 

* come on no further this Way, but rather to re- 
' turn and fuffer him to guard them back ; and to 

* prevent any Danger imaginable therein, I fent 
' oft" from the Rendezvous two Regiments of Horfe 

* more to march after Col. Jf^aley y towards Hun- 
' tingdon^ and fo on to Holdtnby, to be afliftant to 

* him in the Guards about his Majefty, if it (hould 
4 be found needful; and thus I held on the Motion 
' of the reft of the Army this Way. 

' Towards the Evening, after the Quarters of 

* the Army were afligned and taken up hereabout?, 

* and the Regiments marching off towards their 
' feveral Quarters, I underftood from Col. lyijaley^ 

* that, meeting the King and Commiflioners upon 

* their Way from Huntingdon^ towards Neut- 
' market, about four Miles fhort from Cambridgi, 
1 they had forborne coming on any further ; but 
4 his Majefty being not willing to return back for 
' Holdenby, they had taken up his Quarters, for the 

* prefcnt, at Sir John Cutts's Houfe, at Childerjlry* 
' being the next Houfe of any Conveniency to the 

* Place where he met them ^Hereupon I fent thi- 

4 1 o *lhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

3 Car. I. < ther to Sir Hardrefs Waller and Col. Lambert^ to 
inform the Commiffioners of my Coming to 
Cambridge and the Army's quartering therc- 

* abouts, and deltred that they would think of re- 
' turning back with his Majefty to Holdenby ; and, 
' becaufe there might be many Inconveniences in 

* Delay, that they would not make any Stay where 

* they were,btit removeback that Way next Morn- 
' ing, though ft were the Lord's Day. The Com- 

* miffioners refufed to aft, or meddle any other- 
' wife to difpofe of the King, without the Parlia- 

* ments further Directions ; and his Majefty de- 
' clares himfclf very unwilling to go back to'//o/- 

' Thus I have given you a true and faithful Ac- 
count how his Majefty came to the Place where 

* he is, and how the Quarters of the Army have 

* fallen out to be fo near him : Whatever the 

* Concurrence of Events to make it thus may be 

* fufpecled to defign therein, this is the exact Truth 

* of the Bufinefs ; and I can clearly profefs, as in 
the Prefcnce of God, for myfelf (g), and dare be 

* confident of the fame for all the Officers about 

* me, and the Body of theArmy, that this Remove 

* of his Majefty horn Holdenby was without any De- 
' fign, Knowledge, or Privity thereof on our Parts ; 
4 and a thing altogether unexpected to us, untill 

* the 

(g) Lord Hoiks informs us, ' That a Meeting was appointed at Cnrnwcirs upon the 3Oth of May, where it 
was refolved that Cornet .Joyce fiiould, with a Party of Horfe, go 
to Holdenby, and fcize upon his Majefty j although Cromwell proteft- 
*d he k:iew nothine of it.' And, after taking Notice that Sir 
Ttemai Fairfax profcffed the fjme Thing, he proceeds thus, ' Per- 
haps he faid tme ; I would fain be fo charitable as to believe it ; 
nor indeed do I think the cood Man was privy to all their Plots, he 
inuft have no more than what they were pleafed to carve and chew 
for him, but muft fwallow all, and own them v hen they come 
abroad. Mtmtiis, p. 96. 

Conformabk to this Lord Clarendon (in his WrjVy, Vol. V. 
p. 52.) obflrrves, ' That tho 1 General Fairfax had been with the 
King and kifi'd his Hand, and made fuch Profeflions a he could 
well utter; yet his Authority was of no Ufe, becaufe he refigned 
Jiimfelf entirely to Crcnivcl!.' And Sir PHtif Wwicl (\n his 
Mtmrin, p. 299.) adds, ' Tht when, aftenvr!s, they waited en 
the King both together, at Royflon, his Majefty afked them, Whc- 
ilcr tlty nttimijjfond Joyce to remove him? which they denying, 
the K-ing aafvrered them, Fll not kelicvt yiu unleft you bang biw .* 


* the Notice of it came upon the Rendezvous, as An. 
4 before ; neither was our Rendezvous, or our 

* Coming hither to quarter with the Army, for 
4 any Purpofe or with any Expectation to be fo 

* near his Majefty as it happened; but the Effect 
4 is fo far meerly providential, and to us accidental: 
4 That the. Cafe being as it is, the Commiflioncrs 
4 refufing to intermeddle as before, and the King 
4 to go back, I have placed, and (hall continue, 
4 about his Majefty fuch a Guard of trufty Men, 
' and under fuch Command, (Col. Wbaley being 
4 Chief in the Charge) as I may be rcfponfible for 

* to the Parliament and Kingdom; and fofar, as 
4 can reafonably be expected from me, by the Blef- 

* fing of God, to fecurehis Majefty's Perfon from 
4 Danger ; and prevent any Attempts of fuch as 
4 maydefign, by the Advantage of his Perfon, the 
4 better to raife any new War in this Kingdom. 

* And truly, Sir, to prevent any Attempts of fuch 

* as may defign any fuch Mifchicf, as it is my 

* own moft earneft and humble Defire, fo I find it 
' to be the unanimous Defire and ftudy of the Ar- 

* my; that a firm Peace in this Kingdom may be 

* fettled, and the Liberties of the People cleared 

* and fee u red, according to the many Declarations 
' by which we were invited and induced to engage 

* in the laft War: And the Parliament's fpeedy and 

* effectual Application to thefe two Things, I find, 

* would conduce more furely to a chearful and 

* unanimous Difbanding than any other Satisfac- 
4 tion to their particular Grievances can do : And 
4 yet, whatever may be fuggefted or fufpected, I 

* do certainly find, and dare affure you, and you 
' may depend upon it, that the Senfe of the Army 
4 is moft clear from any Purpofe ,or Inclination to 
4 oppofe the fettling of Prefbytery, or to have the 
4 Independent Government fet up, or to uphold a 
4 Licentioufnefs in Religion, or to meddle with any 
' fuch Thing as the Advancement of any parti- 

* cular Party or Intereft whatfocver ; but wholly to 
c leave all fuch particular Matters to the Wifdom 

* of the Parliament. 

I fliall 

412 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. z 3 Car. I. < \ fa^ by the next, fend you a full Account 
___, of the Proceedings and unanimous Refolution of 
June. tne Army at the late Rendezvous, being not at 

prefent fo fully prepared to do it as is fit. 
4 The Letter from both Houfes I have received 
but this Night. The Quarter of the Army being 
lately altered before, will make the Heath near 
Newmarket lefs convenient for a Rendezvous ; 
yet I (hall take Order, according to the Defire 
of the Houfes, to have a Rendezvous either there, 
or not far off, on Wednefday next. I remain 
Your tnojl humble Servant^ 

P. S. I (hall, according to my Duty and the 
Defire of the Houfes, do my utmoft to keep the 
Army in good Order, to which I find it abfo- 
lutely necefiary that there be fome Pay imme- 
diately fent down, otherwife this Country may 
fuffer much. 

* This Letter being long, and the Bufmels re- 
quiring Hafte, I defire that this may ferve at pre- 
fent to be communicated to both Houfes.' 
Money voted for The fame Day the Lords pafled an Ordinance, 
dlery ' fent up by the Commons, for granting 1 0,000 /. 
more, with Intereft for the fame, to be added to 
the 10,000 /. afligned for the private Soldiers by 
an Order of the 5th of this Month. 

The Commons fent up, at the fame Time, a 
Declaration for repealing and expunging another of 
the 30th of March laft, to which the Lords gave 
their Concurrence. This extraordinary Recan- 
tation runs thus : 

A Declaration 
for expunging 
that of the joth 
of March againft 
the Proceedings 
' the Army. 

\T7Hcreas the Lords and Commons did, by 
* a Declaration of the 3Oth of March laft, 
declare their Senfe upon a Petition, with the Re- 
prefentation thereunto annexed : And whereas 
they have been fince informed, That the Peti*- 
tioners intended not thereby to give any Offence 
to the Parliament} and calling to Mind the great 

4 and 

of E N G L A N D. 

4 and eminent Services done by the Army to the Par- An< 

' liament and Kingdom, the Lords and Commons, 

' being tender of the Honour of the faid Army, have June. 

* thought fit to ordain and declare, and be it decla- 
' red and ordained by the faid Lords and Commons 
' in the Parliament of England affembled, and by 

* the Authority of the fame, That the faid former 
' Declaration of the 30th of March y be razed and 

* expunged out of the Books of the faid Houfes, 

* and wholly taken away and made void ; and that 
' no Member of the faid Army fhall receive any 

* Damage, Prejudice or Reproach, for any Thing 
4 in the faid former Declaration.' 

To mew more evidently what a Panic both And aFaft 
Houfes were in at this Time, the Commons fent p01 
to let their Lordfhips know that they intended to 
keep the next Day for private Humiliation and 
Parting in their own Houfe. (h] < This Motion 
was made by Field-Marfhal-General Skippon, who, 
with a doleful Countenance and lamentable Voice, 
exhorted the Houfe to humble themfelves before 
God ; and to do thofe Things which a zealous and 
confcientious Army, who had done fo much good 
Service, defired of them.' Adding, ' That the 
Army was a form'd Body, not to be provoked, 
which would be upon them before they were aware.' 
The Lords ordered the fame, in regard of the Di- 
ftra&ions of the whole Kingdom. Both Houfes 
appointed particular Preachers to pray and preach 
before them, and all the Members to be prefent. 
The Lords alfo ordered that the Lord Mayor of 
the City of London, and the Committee of the Mi- 
litia, mould be fent to, to take Care to prevent all 
Tumults and diforderly coming down of the People 
to the two Houfes of Parliament. 

The Commons, however, had the Courage to 
put a Negative on the Queftion, Whether to give 
any further Anfwer to the Particulars in the Sum- 
mary from the Army ? But this was done only by 
a fmgle Vote, 78 againft 77, 


(Ji) Helltfi Memr.rt, p, 105. 


AD. *} Car. 



Parliamentary HISTORY 

! Soon after a Motion being made for concurring 
with the Lords iri their Vote of the aotb of May, 
for Removal of the King's Pcrfon to Uatlandi^ it 
patted in the Negative by 1 19 againft 86. 

'June 10. A Letter from the Commiffioners with 
the King was read, and a Relation touching his 
Majefty's Removal from Holdcnby. It was after- 
wards ordered to be printed and publifhed, and we 
give it from the original Edition (/?). 

To the Right Honourable the Earl of MANCHES- 
TER, Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tern- 
pore, thefe. 

My Lard, CbildtrJIty, June 8, 1647. 

PON Saturday^ as we were upon the Way 
between Huntingdon and Cambridge, in 

* our Journey, as we fuppofeJ, towards Newmarket, 
c we were met by Col. IVbalcy, who acquainted 
4 us with the firft Orders he had received from the 
4 General to attend the King with his Regiment 
' at Holdcnby, in the Room of Col. Greaves ; and 

* alfo with fuch other Orde: s as he received from 

* his Excellency, after it was known unto him 
4 that his Majefty was up.on his March towards 
4 Newmarket ; whereby he was directed, at his 
' meeting of the King upon the Way, to entreat 

* his Majefty to take up his Quarters at the next 

* convenient Houfe, which he had affigned to be 

* at Childcrjky, the late Dwelling-Houie of Sir 
' John Cutts ; wherewith his Majefty was contented. 

* At the fame Time we alfo received two Letters 
4 from the General, wherein he acquainted us, 

* That the changing of the Guards at Holdenby, 

* and the Removal of the King, had been without 
' his Privity ; and that he had fent Col. Whaley, 

* with his Regiment, to attend his Majefty back to 

* Ibldenby : But thofc Orders which Col. // 'haley 

4 laft 

(b) London, printed fjr Jtl 
0:d Biiily, 1647. 

a t the Kir.g'i Hcd ia the 

of E N G L A N D. 

6 laft received, for waiting upon the King to fuch A 

* convenient Quarters as fhould be next to the i ^ 

' Place where he met him in the Way, were given, June, 

* as it feems, after the Date of thofc Letters he 

* directed to us, and upon his Knowledge of the 
' King's being advanced as far as Huntingdon. 

4 Upon Saturday in the Afternoon the King came 
' accordingly to this Place, and we returned An- 

* fwer to his Excellency's two Letters ; wherein 
' we acquainted him with our Condition, and that 

* we had fent to the Parliament for Directions, 
which we fpcedily expected. 

' Upon Saturday, late in the Night, Sir Har- 
4 drefs J'/aller and Col. Lambert^ came unto us 

* from the General, and defired our Advice what 
was fttteft to be done upon this Accident, which 
had befallen by the Diforder of the Soldiers, 

* without his Excellency's Knowledge ; and with- 
all propounded unto us the King's Return to Hoi- 
< denby, whereto his Majefty had declared his ut- 

* ter Averlenefs to Col. whaley j infifting that he 

* would not be ported from Place to Place, but, 
fmce they had removed him againft his Will from 
' Holdenby^ he would now go to Newmarket, To 
' this we durft not, in the Condition we were, pre- 

* fume to give any Advice at all before we received 

* new Directions from you ; and that was all the 

* Anfwer we return'd. 

Upon Monday the General himfelf, the Lieu- 
tenant-General, and other chief Officers of the 
' Army, came hither - y and were much prellcd by 
the King that, for his Conveniency, he might 

* remove to his own Houfc at Newmarket; pro- 

* tefting that he would not return to Holdenby. 

* Herein, though much defired, we could not take 

* upon us to advife or act any Thing ; conceiving 

* *hat no new Guards could be put into the C.ipa- 

* city of the former, who, by Ordinance of Par- 

* liament, were immediately to receive and obfcrve 

* our Orders, and could not be countermanded 
' by any other Authority than that of both Houfcs. 

* His Excellency, after much Difcourfe, returned 

' to 

4 1 6 ?& Parliamentary HISTORY 

to his Quarters at Cambridge, having promifed the 
King that he (hould have their Refolution before 
June. Morning; and accordingly CoL Jffialey hath now 

received Orders to attend the King to Newmarket, 
whither we alfo waited upon him, expecting hour- 
ly to receive your Directions ; which are hereby 
earneftly intreated, and will be extreamly well- 
come unto 

Tour Lord/hips humble Servant, 

P. S. * In Regard I was ftraightened in Time 

* when my laft Letter was written, I have here 

* inclo-fed lent you a perfect Relation of what pafled 

* upon the i4th of this Inftant June, when the King 
4 (pake publickly with the Soldiers at Holdenby. 

Ttje NARRATION betwixt his Majejly and Cornet 
Joyce, &c. 

THE Party being drawn up in the firft Court 
before the Houfe, his Majefty came down v 
and, (landing upon the Top of the Steps, di- 
rected his Speech to Cornet Joyce ; who, repre- 
fenting the Commander of the Party, flood be- 
fore the Horfe at the Foot of the Stairs. 
The King faid, that Cornet Joyce having, 
though at an unfeafouable Hour of the Night, 
acquainted him that he was come to convey hii 
Majefty to the Army, his Majefty according to 
his Promife was there to give his Anfwer in 
Prefence of them all ; but firfl he defired to know 
by whom he was authorized to propound this to 
his Majefty. Mr. Joyce anfwered, That he was 
fent by Authority from the Army. The King 
replied, That he knew no lawful Authority in 
England but his own, and, next under him, the 
Parliament ; but withall afked, Whether he had 
any Authority from Sir Thomas Fairfax-, and 
whether in Writing ? It being replied, That Sir 
Thomas Fairfax was a Member of the Army , 
^ the 

of E N G L A N D. 

' the King infifted that he was not anfwered ; Sir 
c Thomas Fairfax, being their General, was not 
' properly a Member, but Head of the Army. 
' Joyce faid, That at leaft he was included in the 
' Army ; and that' the Soldiers prefent were his 

* Commiflion, being a commanded Party out of 
' every Regiment. The King replied, that they 
< might be good Witnefies, but he had not feen 

* fiich a Commiflion before; and if they were his 

* Commiflion, it was an Authority very well writ- 
' ten, all handfome young Men. The King pro- 
ceedcd to fay, That he came to Holdenby^ not 
' by Coriftraint, (though not fo willingly as he 
c might have done) to the Intent he might fend 
1 Meflages to his two Houfes of Parliament, and 

* receive Anfwers from them : That accordingly 
' he had fent feveral Meflages to them, and thought 

* himfelf in a fort obliged to flay for their Anfwers 
' which were not come j yet, if they gave him 
' fuch Reafons as might convince his Judgment, 

* he would go with them ; nay, the Commifiion- 

* ers {hould not ftop hiiti. He defired therefore to 
c know the Reafons they could give him for this 

* Journey. "Joyce replied, That a Plot, forthefe 

* four Years laft contrived by fome Members of 

* both Houfes, to overthrow the Laws of the King- 

* dom, and a Defign to convey his Perfon to an 
4 Army newly to be raifed for that Purpofe, were 

* the Caufes of their undertaking this Employ- 

* ment; and hoped would prevail with his Majefty 

* to go willingly with them, thereby to defeat the 

* Purpofes of thofe that would otherwife, by the 
' Countenance of his Perfon, perturb the Peace 
c of the Kingdom : And that his being with the 

* Army was the readieft Expedient he could think 

* upon to procure him a fpeedy and fatisfatory 

* Anfwer to his former Meflages. The King re- 
' turned, That he knew not a Syllable of any fuch 
' Defign or intended Army : And that to feek an 

* Anfwer with fo many gallant Men at his Back, 
c were to extort it, which were very unhandfome ; 

* befides that, their Propofal looked like an Oppo* 

VOL. XV. D d fition 

4i 8 ne Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 23 Car - ! fition to the Parliament, which he defired not, 
nor would ever infringe the juft Privileges of 
' the Laws of the Land : That thefe Reafons in- 

* ducedhim not to go willingly; and therefore he 
4 defired to know what they intended, if he would 
' not go with them. It wasanfwered, That they 

* hoped his Majefty would not put them to ufe 
' thofe Means, which otherwife they fhould be 
' neceffitated to, if he refufed. For the Commif- 
c fioners, or any elfe that refufed, they knew well 
e what Ccurfe to take with them. The King pro- 
' tefted, that unlefs they gave him Satisfaction to 

* the rcafonable and juft Demands he fliould make, 
' he would not go with them, unlefs 'they carried 
' him by abfolute Force ; and he thought they 
e would well think upon it before they would lay 
' violent Hands upon their King: That the Com- 

* miffioners had never put any Conftraint upon him ; 

* they were more civil. Then he propounded, 
4 That he might be ufed with Honour and Refpedl ; 

* that they would not force him in any Thing con- 

* trary to his Confcience, or his Honour; tho' he 1 
' hoped he had long ago fo fixed his Refolutions, 
' that no Force could caufe him to do a bafe Thin? : 
< Tho' they were Matters of his Body, yet his Mind 

* was above their Reach. To all thofe Proportions 

* they confented with a general Acclamation ; Mr. 

* Joyce adding, That their Principles were not to 
' force any Man's Confcience, muchlefs the King's, 
c Then his Majefty defired that thofe which at- 
tended him, and fome other of his Servants, a- 
c gainft whom they had no juft Exceptions, might 
' be permitted to wait upon him. This being a- 

* greed, the King afked whither they would have 

* him go. Oxford was firft nominated, then Cam- 

* bridge. The King named Newmarket , which 
' accepted, he defired Care might be taken to car- 

ry his Stuff; wherein Mr. Joyce faid fomething 

* was done already. 

* The other Expreflions of their Refpcft to the 
c King, of the Armies Defire to fee him with 
* them, and of their Fidelity towards him, were 



* intermixed in the Difcourfe, ' together with A 
' Complaints of the Proceedings of the Parlia- 

4 ment towards them ; which the King faid, 

* He would not adjudge, unlefs he heard both 

* The King having ended, at the Defire of the 
' Commiffioners, he gave them Leave to fpeak to 
' the Troops; who, having repeated the Sum of 

* their Instructions from both Houfes, whereby 
' they were appointed to attend his Majefty at 
' Hdldenby till further Orders, did publickly proteft 
' againft his Removal, and againft this Act of the 
' Soldiers, as unlawful in itfclf, and dangerous to 
' them ; requiring fo many of them, as would 

* ftand by the Commiffionei s in Oppofition there- 
' of, to declare themfelves accordingly. But it 

* being with a general Voice anfwered,*7?w/ not a 
' Alan of them would do fo^ the Commiffioners 
4 added, That, as honett Men,, they held them- 

* felves obliged to difcharge the Truft repofed in 

* them, to the utmoft of their Power; and, agree- 
' able thereunto, if they had Force for the Service, 

* they would withftand them to the Lofs of their 

* Lives ; But fmce they were not in a Capacity at 
4 prefent, they muft acquiefce. 

' As the King turned back to go into the Houfe, 

* Major Tomlins declared to his Majefty, in the 

* Prefence of the Commiffioners, That, according 
' to the Orders they gave him, he had endeavour- 

* ed what he could to induce the Troops affigned 
' for the ordinary Guards, which he commanded 

* in the Abfence of Col. Greaves, to draw up and 
' make Refiftance; but without ErFed, they all 
6 refufing to obey him therein.' 

Both Houfes had now a G\:r.r3 of a whole Re- 
giment of Trained Bands, placed every Morning 
at feven o'Clock, in the Precincts of the Parlia- 
ment Clofe, for their Security.' And this Day, 
June 10, a Petition was prefcmed to the Lords by 
Alderman CttUwn, with othor Aldermen and Com- 
D d 2 mon 

420 T'he Parliamentary HISTORY 

n. 13 Car, I. rnon Council of the City of London^ which was 
l647 ' __/ received and read openly as follows : 


To the Right Honourable the LORDS ajfembhdin 
the High Court of Parliament , 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor, Al- 
dcrmcn^ and Commons of the City ^London, in 
Common Council affembled 9 

A Petition from 
the City of Lon- 
don, en occafion 
of the Differen- 
ces between the 
parliament and 
the Army. 

Humbly Jkeweth t 

THAT as your Petitioners acknowledge the 
Parliament of England to be the fupreme 
Judicature of the Kingdom, from whom the 
Subjects of this Nation have found Shelter in 
Danger, and Relief in Diftrefsj fo now your 
Petitioners having, with the whole Kingdom, a 
great Share and Intereft in thefe Privileges, do 
therefore at this Time humbly, yet earneftly, 
prefent thefe their important Defires to this Ho- 
nourable Houfe: 

I. That all honourable Ways and Means 
may be ufed to prevent the further Effufion and 
Shedding ofChriftian Blood j and, to that End, 
that all juft Satisfaction may be given to the Ar- 
my, and all other Soldiers who have adventured 
their Lives for the Defence of this Parliament 
and Kingdom. That though the Condition of 
your Affairs do not enable you to give full Sa- 
tisfaction at prefent, yet that their Accounts may 
be adjufted and put into a certain Way of Pay- 
ment, to the Quieting of many thoufand difcon- 
tented Perfons ; which we humbly conceive will 
be much to the Glory of God, the Honour of 
the Parliament, and the Quiet ofthe Kingdom. 
2. c That, according to our Allegiance, and the 
Covenant and Agreement of both Nations, his 
Majefty's Royal Ferfon maybe prcferved and fo 
difpofcd of that the Parliaments of both King- 
doms may have free Acccfs urito him, that there- 
by a right Underftanding may be obtained be- 

' tween 

of ENGLAND. 421 

* fwecn them; and this tottering Church and An - 2 3 Car ' 
' Kingdom, after all our Fears, Sorrows, and ..__' ^' __j 

* Sufferings, may enjoy the Blefling of a well- j une . 

* grounded and long-defired Peace, whereby this 

* Kingdom may be the better enabled to fend 
' fpeedy Relief and Help to miferable bleeding 

* Ireland. 

3. c That, for the better Defence and Security 
' of the Parliament and City in thefe tumultuous 

* and troublefome Times, this Honourable Houfe 
c will be pleafed to renew fo much of an Ordinance 

* of Parliament of the jyth of January 1645,33 
' concerneth the railing, maintaining, and order- 

* ing of Horfes, and Power of making Searches, 
c whereby the Committee of the Militia of London, 
' and Parifhes mentioned in the weekly Bills of 
< Mortality, maybe the better enabled to fupprefs 
all tumultuous Aflemblies, and to prevent any 

* Dangers that may happen to the Parliament and 

c And as this City from the Beginning of thefe 

* Troubles hath faithfully adhered to the Parlia- 
c ment, fo we are refolved, by the Blefling of God, 
6 never to defert the fame ; but, with the utmoft 

* of our Lives and Eftates, will ftand and fall, 
' live and die, with the Parliament of England, ac- 
' cording to our Covenant.' 

And your Petitioner sjhallpra^ &c. 

The Perfons that prefented this Petition being 
called in, the Speaker, by Directions of the Houfe, 
gave them this Anfwer : 

' The Lords acknowledge the Conftancy of the 

< Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons in Com- 

* mon-Counil aflembled in the City of London^ 

* to have been fuch, as that you have never been 
' alienated from your Fidelity to the Parliament by 

* the Changes and Alterations that have been in 

< the Condition of their Affairs: They likewife do 

< acknowledge this your Care hath been the prin- 
' cipal Means, next underthe Providence of the 
Almighty, for upholding the Honour and Author 

D d 3 rity 

422 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. r Jty of the Parliament ; and likewife of the Pre- 
1647 ' fervation of their Safety in Times of moft pref- 

fing and imminent Danger: The great Reality 
and good Affections thus ieafonably expreffed by 
you, who reprefent this renowned City of London^ 
in this your Petition, the Lords receive with Glad- 
nefs, and have commanded me to return you their 
heartieft Thanks j afluring you that, as to the 
Particulars of your Petition, they will put them 
into fuch a Way as they doubt not but will give 
you full Satisfaction.' 

The Lords ordered that this Petition and An- 
fwer be forthwith printed and publifhcd (d] ; and that 
an Ordinance be prepared and brought into their 
Houfe, purfuant to the Defires of the City. 

The Commons had received the fame Petition, 
from the City two Days before, and named a Com- 
mittee alfo to bring in an Ordinance according to 
the Defire of the Petitioners. And Mr. l^Ttitlocke 
fays, ' They had the heartidj Thanks the Houfe 
could exprefs, for their corftant Affections to the 
Parliament, and for providing Guards fo feafon- 
ably for the Safety of it ; the Continuance of which 
Care was defired. 

The Commons had been fome Time in framing 
a Self-denying Ordinance for their own Members 
only; and, this Day, the Debate of it was again 
refumedj after which they made the following 
Votes : 

pifinterefted RC- * That no Member {hall receive any Profit of 
rotations of the any Office, Grant, or Sequeftration from the Par- 

' That the Benefit fuch Members have received 
(hall be paid, for the Ufe of the Common- wealth, 
to the Committee of Accounts. 

That the Lands and Eftates of all the Mem- 
bers of the Houfe be liable to the Law tor Pay- 
ment of their Debts,' 

A Day 

(f) The Opi lie re given are from the original Editions, printed 
ty Rifkaid Cctcs, the City Prime;, 


of E N G L A N D. 423 

A Day was alfo fixed to hear Informations An - 2 3 Car - 
againft Members ; and that no Member hereafter ^_ 
fhall receive any Reparation for Damages or Lofles j untt 
fuftained by thefe Times, till the Pubhck Debts be 

firft fatisfied. All this was done, ho doubt, to 

let the Army and the whole Nation fee what difm- 
terefted Principles the Commons acted upon. 

June ii. The Lords received Advice from the 
Earl of Nottingham^ one of the Commiffioners 
fent down to the Army, communicated in the fol- 
lowing Letter, faff. 

To the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER. 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

Royjlon, June, 10, 1647, 
Ten in the Morning. 

May it pleafe your Lordjhip, 

* T^HE Committee got laft Night to Cambridge, 

* JL and immediately applied themfelves to the ALettc , rf ^?. 
(-* m . , the Earl of Not- 
General ; and, about ten o Clock, acquainted ^ham, con- 
him and his Officers with our Inftru&ions and cerirng an En- 
your Votes and Refolutions, and left Copies * "*" *" 
them in Writing. The General appointed eigb-t 

of the Clock in the Morning to give his Anfwer, 
which we received by Word of Mouth about 
Eleven ; but the Committe defired to have it in 
Writing, and about one they received the fol- 
lowing Anfwer from the General and his Officers 
by Mr. Ru/kworth : 

By the Engagement of the Army at the laft gene- 
yal Rendezvous, near Newmarket, your Lordjhip 
and the rejl of the Commijfioners may fee what Way 
the Army had put themfelves into for avoiding Con- 
fujion or Uncertainties ; and, in order to a general 
SatufaElion in the Point of dijbanding, you may 
perceive by that a ready and fur e Jf^ay to bring that 
'Affair unto an IJfue, without any Courje that may 
endanger D if orders or other. Inconueniencies ; but if 
you be, by your Inftruttims, bound up, or Jhall y of 
D d ^ your- 

424 $he Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aa. 13 Car* * y 0f( rfelves t think Jit to fee the Votes and Refolutions 
v_j.!fll i f both Houfes communicated immediately to the fe.- 
Junc. veral Regiments, the Army being now at Rendezvous^ 
JJhall, with my Officers, lie ready to attend your 
Lord/hip and the Reft of the CcmmiJJioners^ inpur- 
fuance of your Injlruftions. 

e Upon Perufal of this Anfwer we have taken 
c our Inftru&ions into Confideration, and find our- 
* felves obliged thereby to caufe your Votes and 
f Refolutions to be read, this Day, at the Rendez- 
9 vbus at the Head of every Regiment. 

The General's Anfwer having Relation to an 
' Engagement of the Army, and we finding the 
e fame in Print, I fend it your Lordfhip inclqfed. 

' This Afternoon we have attended the Rendez- 
f vous, and immediately imparted the Votes and 
< Refolutions to the Army, and find the general 
Senfe of the Army conformable to that Engage- 
ment. I have nothing elfe to add but that I am, 

My Lord, 

I-. . 

Tour Lordjhips humble Servant ', 

^SOLEMN ENGAGEMENT of the Army, under toe 
Command of his Excellency Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
with a Declaration of their Resolutions as to dif- 
banding, &c. read, ajfented unto, and fubfcribedj 
)>y all the Officers and Soldiers of the feveral Rj- 
gimentSy at the general Rendezvous near New- 
market, June 5, 1647 (*). 

7"he Engagement ' TTTHereas, upon the Petition intended and 
' 11 ^ ' *^ agreed upon in the Army, in March 
^ a ^> to nav ? ^ een prefentedto the General, for 

< the 

(e) From the Original Edition, printed by Bcger Daniel, Printer 
to the Univerfity oS Cambridge. On the Title whereof is this, ln- 

It is tr.y Dcfire ttat tie bumble Rfprefcntaticrt cf tbe D'J/atjf- 
fa8n%;of\fbe Jlmy, togaber with iU;r ^trarnunt t tefartbvitb 


of ENGLAND. 42-5 

c the obtaining only of our due and ncceflary Con- An - =3 Car - I: 
' cernments as Soldiers, the Honourable Houle of- t 
1 Commons being unfeafonably prepoftefied with 
1 a Copy thereof, and (as by the Sequel we fup- 
' pofe) with fome ftrange Mifreprefcntations of 

* the Carriage and Intention of the fame, was in- 

* duced to fend down an Order for fuporeffing the 
' Petition j and, within two or three Days after, 
' (upon further Mifinformations and fcandaioL-s 

* Suggestions of the like or worfe Nature, and by 
' the indirect Practices of forr.e malicious and mif- 
' chievous Perfons, as we fuppofe, furprizing or 
' otherwife abufmg the Parliament) a Declaration 

* was publifhed, in the Nameof both Houfes, hi?h- 

* ly cenfuring the faid Petition ; and declaring the 
c Petitioners, if theyftiould proceed thereupon, no 

* lefs than Enemies to the State and DifturKrs 
' of the Public Peace : And whereas, at me fame 
' Time and fince, divers eminent Officers of the 
' Army have been brought into Qucftion and 
' Trouble about the faid Petition; whereby both 

* they and the reft of the Officers were difabled 

* or difcouraged, for the Time, from further acting 
' or appearing therein on the Soldiers Behalf: 

' And whereas, by the aforefaid Proceedings and 
4 the Effects thereof, the Soldiers of this Army 
' (finding themfelves fo ftopp'd in their due and re- 

* gular Way of making known their juft Grievances 

* and Defires to and by their Officers] were ontbiced 
' toanunufual, but in that Cafe r.eceflary, Wuyof 
' Correfpondence and Agreement amongft them- 
' felves ; to chufe out of the feveyal Troops and 
' Companies feveral P4en, and thofe out of their 
' whole Number to chufe two or more for each 
Regiment, to aft in the Name and Behalf of 

* the 

printed cn.l publ'fmd. Given under my Hand the tigltb Day tf 
June, 1647. 


Befides th!s \'r. Tujh^ortb (p. <;O5, et fey.} gives us two < ther 
Papers i : Armv, both which were origin^ ly printed 

alio t Cu' ! rij r out as they are very long and tedious, and the 
main P ;rpcrt of thsm is comprized in our Extracts frjm the Joar- 
aals, this Reference to ius CoileOioos may be fufficieot. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 
t h e w hole Soldiery of the refpe&ive Regiments, 
Troops, and Companies, in the Profecution of 
their Rights and Defires in the fa id Petition ; as 
alfo of their juft Vindication and righting in Re- 
' fcrence to the aforefaid Proceedings upon and 
' againft the fame, who have aacordingly adled and 
' done many Things to thofe Ends ; all which the 
4 Soldiery do own and approve as their own A6ts : 
' And whereas afterwards (upon the fending 
' down of Field-Marfhal Skippon, and thofe other 
Officers of the Army that were Members of the 

* Houfe of Commons, to quiet Diftempers in the 

* Army [/]) frefti Hopes being conceived of having 

* our Grievances and Defires again admitted to be 
' made known and confidered in a regular \Vay, 

* and without fuch Mifreprefentations as formerly ; 

* the Officers and Soldiers of the Army, except 

* fome few duTenting Officers, did again join in a 
c Reprefentation of their common Grievances; 
' and the Officers, except as before, did agsee upon, 
' a narrative Account of the Grounds, Rife, and 

* Growth of the Difcontents in the Army, and 

* their Proceedings in relation thereunto, with an 

* Overture of the beft Expedients to remove or 
' fatisfy the fame ; both which were prefented to 

* the faid Members of the Houfe, and from them, 

* reported to the Houfe : 

* And whereas the Parliament, having thereup- 

* on voted and ordered fome Particulars only to- 

* wards Satisfaction of our Grievances, hath fince 

* proceeded to certain Refolutions of fudden dif- 
banding the Army by Pieces ; which Refolutions 
c being taken, and to be executed before full and 

* equal Satisfaction be given to the whole Army in 

* any of the Grievances ; before effectual Perfor- 

* mance of that Satisfaction in Part, which the 

* preceding Votes feemed to promife, as to fome of 


(f) Thefe were Jretett, Fketivocd, Harrifcn, with many other Of- 
ficers in the Army, who were about this Time ele&ed into the Houfe 
of Commons, in the Room of fuch as were dead, or had been ex- 
pelled tor adhering to the King; whereby they moft effectually fct 
afide their Self- denying Ordinance, and ibon after gain'd a Wajo 
rity agai:ift the PreAyteria': Parry in Parliament. 

of E N G L A N D. 427 

the Grievances ; and before any Confideration at An. 
all of fome others moft material ; (as by the Re- 
fults of a general Council of War on Saturday ^ 
May 29, was in general declared, and is now- 
more fully remonftrated in Particulars, by a Re- 
prefentation thereof agreed upon by us all) we 
cannot but look upon the faid Refolutions of dif- 
banding us in fuch Manner, as proceeding from 
the fame malicious and mifchievous Principles 
and Intentions, and from the like indirect Practices 
of the fame Perfons, abufing the Parliament and 
us, as the former Proceedings againft us before 
mentioned did; and not without cruel and bloody 
Purpofes, (as fome of them have not fluck to de- 
clare or intimate) after the Body of the Army 
fhould be difbanded, or the Soldiers divided from 
their Officers ; then to queftion, proceed againft, 
and execute their malicious Intentions upon, all 
fuch particular Officers and Soldiers in the Army, 
as had appeared to act in the Premifles in Behalf 
of the Army : 

' And whereas, upon a late Petition to the Ge- 
neral from the Agitators in Behalf of the Soldiery, 
grounded upon the preceding Confiderations, rela- 
ting to the faid Refolutions of difbanding, the faid 
general Council of War (to prevent the Danger 
and Inconveniences of thefe Difturbances, or tu- 
multuous Actings or Confluences, which the Dif- 
fatisfactions and Jealoufies, thereupon alfo ground- 
ed, were like fuddenly to have produced in the Ar- 
my) did advife the General firft to contract the 
Quarters of the Army, and then to draw the fame 
to an orderly Rendezvous for Satisfaction of 
all ; and that his Excellency would immediately 
fend up to move and defire the Parliament to fu- 
fpend any prefent Proceedings upon the faid Re- 
folutions of difbanding, to refume the Confidera- 
tion of the Grievances and Defires fent up from 
the Army, and not to difband it in Pieces before 
juft and equal Satisfaction given to the whole: 
' And whereas fome of the Regiments appointed 
for difbanding, upon Notice thereof have \vith- 
<: * drawn 

428 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

drawn themfelves from their Quarters adjacent 
to their appointed Rendezvous and Drawing to- 
wards the Head-Quarters ; and the reft contracl- 
ed their Quarters by Order, according to the 
faid Advice of the Council of War: We, the 
Officers and Soldiers of the feveral Regipents 
hereafter named, are now met at a general Ren- 
dezvous ; and the Regiments appointed as afore- 
faid to be difbanded have not appeared, nor can 
appear ; but are rather reiolved not to appear at 
the feveral and refpe&ive Rendezvous, appoint- 
ed as aforefaid for their difbanding ; and divers 
other Things have been done by feveral other 
Parties or Members of the Army, neceflarily re- 
lating to the Good and Concernment of the whole 
in thefe Affairs. 

* Now, forafmuch as we know not how far the 
Malice, InjufHce, and tyrannical Principles of 
our Enemies, that have already prevailed fo far 
to abufe the Parliament and Army, as is afore- 
mentioned in the paft Proceedings againft the 
Army, may farther prevail to the Danger or Pre- 
judice of ourfelves, or any Officers or Soldiers 
of the Army, or other Perfons that have appeared 
to act any Thing in the Behalf of the Army; or 
how far the fame may farther prevail to the Dan- 
ger or Prejudice of the Kingdom, in raifmg a 
new War or otherwife : Therefore, for the better 
Prevention of all fuch Dangers, Prejudices, or 
other Inconveniences that may enfue ; and with- 
all for the better Satisfaction of the Parliament 
and Kingdom concerning our Defires of conform- 
ing to the Authority of the one, and providing 
for the Good and Quiet of the other, in the pre- 
fent Affair of Difbanding; and for a more aflured 
Way whereby that Affair may come to a certain 
IfTue, (to which Purpofes we herein humbly im- 
plore the continued Prefence and Afliftance of 
God, the righteous Judge of all) the Officers and 
Soldiers of the Army fubfcribing hereunto, d 
hereby declare, agree, and promife, to and with 


of E N G L A N D. 429 

ach other, and to and with the Parliament and An - 2 3 Car. I. 

Kingdom, as followeth : v \ 

Fir/?, 6 That we fhall chearfully and readily j uoe 
difband, when thereunto required by the Parlia- 
ment; or elfe (hall many of us be willing, if de- 
fired, to engage in further Services either in Eng- 
land we Ireland \ having firft fuch Satisfaction to 
the Army, in relation to our Grievances and De- 
fires heretofore prefented, and fuch Security 
that we ourfelves, when difbanded and in the 
Condition of private Men, or other the Frer-born 
People of England (to whom the Confequence of 
our Cafe does equally extend) fhall not remain, 
fubjecT: to the like Oppreffion, Injury, or Abufe, 
as in the Premifles hath been attempted, and put 
upon us while an Army, by the fame Men's Con- 
tinuance in the fame Credit and Power (efpecial- 
ly if as our Judges) who have in thefe paft Pro- 
ceedings againft the Army fo far prevailed to a- 
bufe the Parliament and us, and to endanger the 
Kingdom; and alfo fuch Security, that we our- 
felves, or any Members of the Army, or others 
who have appeared to act any Thing in Behalf 
of the Army, in relation to the Premifes before 
recited, fhall not, after difbanding, be any Way 
queftioned, profecuted, troubled, or prejudiced, 
for any Thing fo acted, or for the entering into, 
or necefTary Profecution of, this prefent Agree- 
ment : We fay, having firft fuch Satisfaction and 
Securities in thefe Things, as fhall be agreed un- 
to by a Council, to confift of thofe general Of- 
ficers of the Army who have concurred with the 
Army in the Premifles, with two Commiffion- 
Officers and two Soldiers to be chofen for each 
Regiment, who have concurred, or fhall concur, 
with us in the Premifles and in this Agreement; 
or by the Major Part of fuch of them who fhall 
meet in Council for that Purpofe, when they fhall 
be thereunto called by the General. 
Secondly, * That without fuch Satisfaction and 
Security as aforefaid, we fhall not willingly dif- 
band or divide, or fuffer ourfelves to be difband- 


'43 ^^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. j. < ed or divided. And whereas we alfo find many 

v l6 * 7 ' ; e ftrange Things fuggefted, or fufpe&ed, to our 

June. * S reat Prejudice^ concerning dangerous Principles, 

* Interefts, and .Defigns in this Army ; (as over- 
* throwing of Magiftracy* the fuppreffing or hin- 
' dcring of Prelbyterian Government and eftablifh- 
' ing of Independent, or upholding of a general 

* Licentioufnefs under Pretence of Liberty of Con- 

* fcience and many fuch Things) we {hall very 
' fhortly tender to the Parliament a Vindication of 

* the Army from all fuch Scandals, to clear our 
' Principles in relation thereunto : And,- in the mean 

* Time, we do difavow and difclaim all Purpofe or 
' Defigns, in ourlate or prefent Proceedings, to ad- 
4 vance or infift upon any fuch Intercft; neither 
' would we, if we might and could, advance or fct 
' up any one particular Party or Intereft in the 
' Kingdom, tho' imagined never fo much our own ; 

* but (hould much rather ftudy to provide, as far 
' as may be within our Sphere or Power, for fuch 

* an Eftablifhment of common and equal Right, 
' Freedom, ,and Safety to the whole, as all might 
' equally partake of, that do not (by denying the 

* fame to others, or otherwife) render themfelves 
c incapable thereof.' 

Several Ordinan- The fame Day (June ii,po/l Mend.} the Lords 
JTtC^Mfe" ordered that the Committee appointed to draw up 
Confufions. the Ordinance in purfuance of the Defires of the 
City, do draw up another for Indemnity of the Of- 
ficers and Soldiers that are come from the Army, 
that they may not be tried by a Council of War ; 
likewife for providing Quarters for them, and giv- 
ing them Satisfaction for their Arrears. 

Next, an Ordinance impowering fuch Mem- 
bers of both Houfes as are of the Committee at 
Derby-Houfe for the Affairs of Ireland, to confult, 
advife, and put in Execution all Ways and Means, 
whkh, in their Judgment, may be neceflary for 
the Safety and Defence of the Kingdom, Parlia* 
ment and City ; with Authority to raife Horfe and 
Foot for that Purpofe, and to fend to the Common- 


cf ENGLAND. 431 

Council and MUitia of London, and all Commit- An. 23 car. I. 
tees, Deputy-Lieutenants, and other Peifons, as t l647 ' j 
they lhall think fit, for their Advice and Afliftance j un 
therein, was read a third Time and parted ; the 
following Lords entering their DifTent and Pro- A Proteft a^a-nft 
tertation againft it, for this Reafon, * Being appre- one for wiring 
' henfive This Ordinance might be an Occafion of ^ orc " f T **- 
* cafting the Kingdom into a new War.' lUm^t.&l 




A Deputation from the City waited on the two 
Houfes, and prefented them with the following 
Copy of a Letter they had received from the Ge- 
neral and principal Officers of the Army, with 
their Defires thereupon j which we give from the 
Lords Journals : 

To the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor, Alder- 
men , and Common-Council of the City c/"London. 
Right Honourable and worthy Friends^ 

' T "I Aving, by our Letters and other Addrefles A Letter from 
c li. prefented by our General to the Honou- General Fairfaa 

* rahle Houfe of Commons, endeavoured to give and the Armyt* 
Satisfadion of the Clearnefs of our juft Demands ; ^ t Cityof Uo " 
< and alfo in Papers publiflied by us remonftrated 

' the Grounds of our Proceedings in Profecution 
' thereof; all which having been expofed to pub- 
' lie View, we are confident have come to your 
' Hands, and at leaft received a charitable Con- 

* ftruftion from you : The Sum of all which our 
' Defires as Soldiers, are no other than a Defirc of 
' Satisfaction to our Demands as Soldiers, and Re- 
e paration upon thofe who have, to the utmoft, 

* improved all Opportunities and Advantages, by 
' falfe Suggeftions, Mifreprefentations, and other- 

* wife for the Deftru&ion of this Army, with a 

* 'perpetual Blot of Ignominy upon it ; which we 

* (hould not value, if it fingly concerned our own 

* Particulars, being ready to deny ourfelves in 

* this, as we have done in other Cafes for the King- 

* dom's 

432 The Parliamentary His TORY 

dom's Good ; but, under this Pretence, finding 
no lefs involved in it than the Overthrow of 
June. ' the Privileges both of Parliament and People ; 

* wherein, rather than they {hall fail in their De- 
' ftgns, or we not receive in the Eyes of all good 
1 Men what is juft; do endeavour to engage the 
e Kingdom in a new War ; and this fingly by them 
' who, when the Truth of thefe Things ihall be 
' made appear, will be found the Authors of thole 

* Evils that are feared^ as having no other Way to 

* protect themfelves from Queftion and Punifh- 
' ment, but by putting the Kingdom into Blood, 
' under Pretences of the Honour of, and their Love 
' to, the Parliament 3 as if that were dearer td 
4 them than us ; or as if they had given greater 
' Proof of their Faithfulnefs to it than we. But 
' We perceive that, under thefe Veils and Pretences, 
' they feek to intereft their Defign in the City of 

* London^ as if that City ought to make good their 
c Mifcarriages, and mould prefer a few felf-feek- 

* ing Men before the Welfare of the Public ; and 
c indeed we have found thefe Men fo active to ac- 

* complifti their Defigns, and to have fuch apt In- 
4 ftruments for their Turn in that City, that we 

* have Caufe to fufpe& they may engage many 
' therein, upon Miftakes which are eafily fwal- 

* lowed in Times of fuch Prejudices againft thofe 

* that have given (we fpeak it without Vanity) 

* the moft public Testimony of their good Affec- 
c tions to the Public, and to that City in particular. 

' For the Thing we infift upon as Englijhmen, 

* and furely our being Soldiers hath not ftript us 
' of that Intereft, although our malicious Enemies 
' would have it fo : We defire a Settlement of 
' the Peace of the Kingdom, and of the Liberties 
c of the Subject, according to the Votes and De- 
< clarations of Parliament; which, before we took 
' up Arms s were, by the Parliament, ufed as Argu- 

* ments and Inducements to invite us and divers 
c of our dear Friends out ; fome of which have 

* loft their Lives in this War ; which being, by 
God's Blefling finifhed, we think we have as 

* much 

of E N G L A N D. 433 

* much Right to demand, and Defire to fee, a happy An - *3 Cdr - lm 

* Settlement, as we have to our Money and the v j 

* other common Interest of Soldiers, which we j une . 

* have infiftecl upon. *Ve find alfo the ingenuous 
' and honeft People, in almoft all the Pares of the 
' Kingdom where we come, full of the Senfe 
' of Ruin and Mifery, if the Army (hould be dif- 
' banded before the Peace of the Kingdom, and 
' thofe other Things before-mentioned, have a 

* full and perfect Settlement. 

* We have faid before, and profefs it now, we 

* defire no Alteration of the Civil Government. 

4 We defire not to intermeddle with, or in the 
c leaft to interrupt, the fettling of the Prefbyterian 
' Government ; nor do we feek to open a Way 
' to licentious Liberty, under Pretence of obtain- 
' ing Eafe for tender Confciences. We profefs, 
c as ever, in thefe Things, when the State have 

* once made a Settlement, we have nothing to 
' fay but to fubmit or fuffer j only we could wifh 

* that every good Citizen, and every Man that 
' walks peaceably in a blamelefs Converfation, and 

* is beneficial to the Common-wealth, may have 

* Liberty and Encouragement, it being according 
' to the juft Policy of all States, and even to Juftice 

' Thefe, in brief, are ourDefires and the Things 

* for which we {land, beyond which we {hall 
' not go i and for the obtaining of thefe Things we 
' are drawing near your City ; profcffing fincere- 

* ly from our Hearts we intend no Evil towards 
' you ; declaring with all Confidence and Aflu- 

* ranee, that if you appear not againft us in thefe 

* our ju# Defues, to afiift that wicked Party that 
' would embroil us and the Kingdom, neither we 

* nor our Soldiers (hall give you the leaft Offence : 
1 We come not to do any Al to prcjuce th.2 
' Being of Parliaments, or to the Hurt of this, in 

* order to the prefent Settlement of the Kingdom : 
' We feek the Good of all, and we {hall here wait, 
' or remove to a farther Diftance there to abide, 
c if one? we be allured that a fpecdy Settlement 

VOL. XV. EC of 

434 ^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

4 of Thingsbein Hand, untilltheybeaccomplifh'd 
4 which done, we fhall be moft ready, either all of 
4 us, or fo many of the Army as the Parliament 
4 think fit, to difband or go for Ireland: And al- 

* tho* you may fuppofe that a rich City may feera 
4 an enticing B:iit to poor hungry Soldiers to ven- 

* ture far to gain the Wealth thereof j yet, if not 

* provoked by you, we do profefs, rather than any 
4 fuch Evil fhould fall out, the Soldiers {hall make 
1 their Way through our Blood to effect it: And 
4 we can fay this for moft of them, for your better 
4 Aflurancc, that they fo little value their Pay in 
4 Comparifon of higher Concernments to a Public 
4 Good, that rather than they will be unrighted 
*. in the Matter of their Honefty and Integrity, 
4 which'hath furrered by the Men they aim at, and 
4 defire Juftice upon j or want the Settlement of the 
4 Kingdom's Peace and their-, with their Fellow 
4 Subjects Liberties, they will lofe all: This may 
4 be a ftrong Afiurance to you that it is not your 
4 Wealth they feek, but the Things tending in 
4 common to your and their Welfare, that they 
4 would attain : You (hall do like Fellow Subjects 
4 and Brethren, if t'lat you follicit the Parliament 
4 for them on their Behalf. 

4 If after all this you, or a confiderable Part of 
4 you, be feduccd to take up Arms in Oppofition 
4 to, or Hinderance of, thcfe our juft Undertak- 
4 ings, we hope, by this brotherly Premonition, to 
4 the Sincerity whereof we call God to witnefs, 
4 we have freed ourfelves from all that Ruin which 
4 may befall your great and populous City, having 
4 hereby walhed our Hands thereof. We reft 




^ENGLAND. 435 

The DESIRES of the City of London In Conference An. 23 Car. t. 
of the foregoing LETTER. t I( '^ J 

Commune Condi, tent, in Camera Guild. Chit. Lon- 
don. 11 Die Junii, 1647. 

FOrafmuch as this Court of Common Coun- which they pre 
cil hath received a Letter, bearing Date the * ^ 
tenth of this Inftant June^ fubfcribed by his Ex- f, re their Direo 
cellency Sir Thomas Fairfax^ and other Com- tiom thereupon, 
manders of the Army, fignifying, for Reafons 
therein exprefled, the drawing the Army near 
the City ; the which, in this dear Time, may oc- 
cafion great Scarcity of Provilions therein ; which 
we hope is not the Meaning, nor will be the 
Matter of Contentment to the faid Army : For 
Prevention of which this Court doth humbly 
pray, if it may feem good to the Honourable 
Houfes, to fend to his Excellency ,the General 
not to quarter the Army, nor any Part thereof, 
within 25 Miles of this City, hoping there (hall 
be no juft Caufe given them to do otherwife ; 
and that it may pleafe the Houfes to give to this 
Court fuch further Directions in this weighty Bu- 
finefs as, in their grave Wifdoms, {hall feem 

After reading the foregoing Letter from the Ge- 
neral to the Lord Mayor, and the City's Defires 
thereupon, in the Houie of Lords, the Mefien<?ers 
that prefented them were called in again, and the 
Speaker gave them this Anfwer : 

' That the Lords receive daily Expreflions of 
the Fidelity of the City of London^ for which 
their Lordfliips return them Thanks ; and will 
fpeedily fend a Letter to Sir Thomas Fairfax, not 
to quarter the Army within 30 Miles of the City ; 
and their Lordfliips will fpeedily give them Ad- 
vice in relation to the whole Bufmefs.' But 

afterwards, at the Defire of the Commons, the 

Diftance was extended to 40 Miles ; and both 

Houfes agreed to fend the following Letter accor- 

E e 2 dingly 

436 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. i. dingly to Sir Thomas Fairfax, fign'd by their re- 
fpeclive Speakers. 

The Parliament 
require the Ge- 
neral not to ad- 
vince with.n 40 
Miles of Lon- 

HE Houfes having this 


II? J 47 
received In- 

An Ordinance 
irrpowenng the 
Committee of 
Mi'iria there to 
raife Kcrl'es, &.C. 

i formation from their CommifTioners, of 
.the Advance of the Army near the City of Lon^ 
don^ thereby threatening Danger to the Parlia- 
ment and City ; they have commanded us, in their 
Names, to require you fo to difpofe your Mo- 
tions and Quarters, that no Part of the Army 
may quarter within 40 Miles of London ; that fo 
the dangerous Confequences, which may arife by 
a FacT: lo highly prejudicial to the Kingdom, may 
be timely prevented. This being all we have in 
Command, we reft 

Tour loving Friends, &c. 

The laft Thing that was done in this bufy Day, 
when both Houfes fat very late, was to pafs an 
Ordinance, For enabling the Committee cf ike JMi- 
liila of the City cf London to make Searches and 
raife 'Horfes : Of this the following Abftracfc may- 
be fufficient : (;) 

c The Committee of the Militia of London^ by 
themfelves, or fuch as they fhall appoint, are 
hereby authorized to fearch all Houfes and Places 
within the Lines of Communication, and Parifhes 
mentioned within the weekly Bills of Mortality 
anj Hamlets of the Tower, where they fhall 
have Caufe to fufpedt any Papifts are, or Perfons 
who cannot give a ood Account of thcmfelves ; 
or who have or ihail difcover fhdr lll-affeclion 
to the Parliament, by any Offence for which they 
ought to be fequeftred or puniihed by any Or- 
dinance of Parliament j nicewife to fearch for 
Arms, Ammunition r.nd Materials for War, in 
the Cuiiody of fuch Perfons, and to feize the 
fame ; to commit fuch Perfons to fafe Cuitody, 
or to cxpell them out of the Limits aforefaid, it 

* they 

(:) This Ordinance is at large in RuJLwertb's Celliftior.s, Vol. V. 
F' 55*' 

of E N G L A N D. 437 

* they (Lall fee Caufe j anJ, in cafe of Refiftance, An - J Car - * 

* to command any Conftdble to break ope.i any 
4 Ho ufe or Place within the faid Limits, where 

* Refiftance {hall be made : The faid Committee 
' are empowered to charge fuch Inhabitants, (as 
4 (hall appear to them to be able) whoconftamly re- 

* fide within the Limits afor.'faid, or fuch who have 
4 Stocks going in Trade and abfcnt themfelves, to 
4 find and maintain Horfes, with Riders and Fur- 

* niture, at their proper Charge, for the Defence 
4 of the City and Parts adjacent, to be under fuch 
' Comma. iclers as the Committee (hall think fit j 
' but no Perfon to be charged with more than two 

* Horfes : Any Perfon fo charged, refufmg or ne- 
4 glectins; to provide the fame within three Days 
4 after Notice given, or left in Writing at their 
4 Dwelling-houfes, (hall forfeit 20 /. Any Perfon 
c neglecting or refufmg to fend forth Horfes, fcfr. 

* as aforefaid, as often as fummoned thereunto by 

* the faid Committee, or fuch as they {hall ap- 

* point, fliall forfeit 10 $ for each Failure, or fuf- 

* fer four Days Imprifonment without Bail or 

* Mainprife ; the faid Fines to be employed by the 
4 faid Committee towards the Payment of the Com- 
manders and Officers of the faid Horfe, and 

* for fuch other Ufe.s as they {hall find neceflarv for 

* the better carrying on the faid Service : The (aid 

* Committee have Power to make what Sub- 
e Committees, within the aforefaid Limits, they 
1 {hall think fit, for executing this and former Or- 

* dinances now in Force concerning the Militia of 
4 London and Limits aforefaid : All Conftablcs, 
4 Head-Boroughs, &V. and all Commanders and 
4 Soldiers of the Militia are required to obey and 
4 execute fuch Warrants as they {hall, from Tin.e 
4 to Time, receive from the faid Committee or 
' Sub-Committees, concerning the Executif n >f 
4 the fame : No privileged Place or Perfon, \vimin 
4 the Limits aforefaid, {hall be exempted from "the 
4 Power of this Ordinance, except the Peers of 
4 this Realm, the Members of the Ho ufe of Com- 
\ mons, and the Officers and Attendants of both 

E e 3 Houics 

438 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 25 C?.r. I. Houfes of Parliament. This Ordinance to con- 
16471 tinue in Force one Month only.' 

'June 12. This Day the Common Council of 
London refolved to fend the following Letter to the 
General and Officers of the Army, in Anfwer to 
that which they had received trom them: Both 
Houfes of Parliament having been confulted upon 
this Occafion, gave their Approbation of the Ci- 
ty's Proceedings therein. 

.To his Excellency Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX, Knight, 
General of the Forces ra'ijed by the Parliament, 
and the re/1 of the worthy Commanders. . 

London, "June 12, 1647. 
Right Honourable and worthy Commanders, 
\/ OUR Letter, dated at Roy/ion the icth of 
ter from General c jL this Inttant June, we, the Mayor, Alder- 
Jan-fax and his t men> anc ) Commons in common-Council aflem- 
' bled, haveferioufly perufed, and prefented a Copy 
' thereof to each Houfe of Parliament; and, for 
' your and our furtner Satisfaction, we have fent 

* a Committee of Aldermen and Commons, with 
' this our Anfwer theieunto, and to prevent all 

* Mifunderftanding betwixt your fo well-deferving 

* Army and this City. 

* We take Notice, by that Letter, of your draw- 
' ing near this City with your Army, for the obtain- 
' ing your Defires as Soldiers and as Englijhmen, and 

* what you do and what you do not intend there- 
' by ; more efpecially that you come not to do any 
f A6t to prejudice the Being of Parliaments, or to, 

* the Hurt of this, in order to the prefent Settle- 

* mejit of the Kingdom ; and of your Declaration, 

* lhat if we appear not agcinjl you in ihoje ytur 
' jujl Defires, to ajjjl thcje would embroil you 

* and the Kingdom in a new War, that you intend 

* no Evil towards the City, nor that you or your 

* Soldiers /hall give it the lecjl OffenceC But we 

that, in regard your Approaches may, con- 

*f ENGLAND. 439 

trary to your Intentions, be an Occafion to in- An. *i Car. I. 

creufe the Price of Vi6tua!s, and to difcontented ^ , 

Perfons to make fome ill Ufe thereof in railing j unCi 
of Tumults, that you will be pleafed to take it 
intoyourfurtherConfideration ; and, accordingto 
your own Refolution concerning the City's Safe- 
ty, to forbear quartering within thirty Miles 
thereof: This we fh.ill look upon as a fpecial 
Evidence of the Sincerity of your Intentions ex- 
prefTed in your Letter. 

' We cannot pafs by that Expreflion of yours, 
to hazard your owi Blood for our P refer vation ; 
nor can we return you more real Thanks for it 
than this, to declare our Refolutions tnat the 
very Thought of engaging this Kingdom in a 
new War we unanimoufly deteft ; and that we 
intend no Evil to you, but only to defend the 
Parliament and ourfelves againft any unlawful 
Violence; for Prevention whereof, left it fhould 
happen though you never intended it, we have, 
by the Dire6tion of Parliament, and for our own 
Safety, put ourfelves in a Pofture of Defence 5 
but not with the leaft Intention to do any Preju- 
dice to that Army, whom God hath made fo 
eminent an Inftrument of our Deliverance and 

' And we do difavow the raifmg of any Forces, 
or taking up any Arms, in Oppofition to, or with 
Intent to hinder, the obtaining of your juft De- 
mands ; yea, fo far have we been, and (hall be, 
from th'at, that both before and fince the Receipt 
of your Letter, we have made our humble A d- 
drefles to the Parliament for the obtaining there- 
of, which we (hall not fail to profecute as Oc- 
cafion {hall prefent ; only this Requeft we ear- 
neftly make in the Name of the City, That you 
will be careful, when you defcend into Particu- 
lars, to delire no more than what (hall bs juft 
and reafonable ; and in fuch a Way as may con- 
fill with the Honour, Power, and Privilege of 
Parliament, the Liberty of the Subiecl, and Safety 
E e 4 * of 

440 7&? Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2 Car. I. < O f the City and Kingdom ; and we (hall appeal 
v _^ i ' to God, and to the prefent and future Genera- 
June. ' tions, to judge of youi and our Performance, 
' according to the feverai Engagements. 

y Command of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
mons, of the City of London, in Common- 
Ccuncil^lxl. MITCH EL. 

The fame Day a Letter from the Earl of Not- 
tingbani) at Roy/Ion > was read, with fome Papers 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of M A K C H E S T E R, 
Speaker of the Houfe cf Peers* 

Royfton, Jur.e n, 1647, 
My L:rd y Nine at Night. 

c C INCE the Resolution taken bv this Com. 

tingiwm refiding * O mittee laft Night, to fend twoofourNum 
with the Army. < her to London, we do find that every Hour doth 

' uuminifter unto us frefh Occafion of Addrefc 

' unto you. 

' This Morning we having been to hear a Se; r 

* mon at Royjhn, where the General and his Of- 
' ficers were, we did obferye, upon our Return 

* home, many Pe:fons, Minifters and others, about 
' an hundred in Number, en Horfeback, ft) ling 

* themfeivcs the peaceable and well-affedted Inha- 

* bitants of the County of Norfolk ; who, meeting 
_* the General in the Street, cne of the faid Perfons, 

* in the Name of all the reft, prefcnted a Peti- 

* tion \f> him, after fome Time fpent in a Speech 
6 to hli Excellency. This Mornina;, alfo, Infor.- 
^ marion came unto us that, the lafl Night, a Let- 
4 te'f was i'ent to the City of London, figned by the 

* General and divers of the chief Officers, decla- 
' ring the Intentions of the Army to come unto the 
1 City; Vvhich, fo foon as we had Notice of, and 
' weie able to recover Copies of them, it wns the 
Jlcfoluticn of this Ccaiii;iitce tht bcth Houfes 

* fhculd 


* {hould be acquainted therewith ; and I have ac- A*. 2 ^ Ca 
4 cordingly here inclofcd lent the Copies of them. I6 47- 

The printed Copies of the Votes p.nd Refolutions ' "" 
' of both Houfes, fent down unto us, we (hall endea- 

* vour to fee diftributcd, the b"(r we can, to the fc~ 

* vera! Regiments j though we iind them to go cfF 

* but rto'.vly. 

*I have no more to add, but that I {hall, ac- 

* cording to the Instructions given us, with all 

* Faithrulnefi, endeavour to preferve a right Un- 

* derflancling between the Parliament and the Ar- 

* my while I continue in this Service ; and {hall 
' not be wanting to give your Lordmip frequent 

* Advertifemcnts of what comes to our Knowledge, 

* whereby you may with more Certainty ground 

* your Councils and RefoJutions, as becomes 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servant ^ 


The Letter from the Army to the City, men- 
tioned in the above, we already given : The 
Petition was in thefe Words : 

To his Excellency Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX, Knt. 
Captain-General of the Parliament's Forces. 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the peaceable- and well- 
off eft ed Inhabitants of the Counties of Norfolk 
and Suffolk, together with the City and County 
of Norwich, earnejily endeavouring after the' 
Profperity of the Parliament and the Peace of 
the Kingdom, 

< *""'" HAT whereas your Excellency has been A Petitiim fir m 
* J. appointed Commander in Chief over thofc the Counties of 
'free Commons of England, that have been in- foj fo t ^ "? J-fc 
' vited by the Parliament to fiand up in Defence n ?ia',agairift dlf- 
1 of themfelvcs and Fellow Subjects in Time of banding it, 
imminent Danger, againft all arbitrary Govern- 
' ment, Tyranny, and Oppreffion - 3 and that the 

* Par- 

442 T&e Parliamentary HISTORY 

. a 3 Car. I. < Parliament has, by divers Declarations, Remon- 

_* _^'. > ' ftrances, and Protections, engaged themfdves, 

June. ' both to God and the Kingdom, to endeavour ta 

f the utmoft to maintain the antient Government 

' of this Kingdom, and to preferve the Rights and 

' Liberties of the Subjects, and to lay hold of the 

' firft Opportunity .of procuring a fafe and well-. 

* grounded Peace ; notwithftanding all which, 
' there is now an Appearance of a moft horrid Dc- 
' fign to ruin the native Liberties of the Subject ; 
' whereby Difcontents are fomented in the Hearts 
' of the People, and the Kingdom like to be d : - 
' vided into Factions, to the imminent Danger of 
' embroiling us yet again in Blood : And from the 
' Policy of the Complotters of this Defign, we 

* humbly conceive, have already proceeded thofc 

* fad Obftruclions of our free AddrcfFes to the Par- 
' liament, in reprefenting our Grievances and mt- 
' king humble Offers to their Wifdom of juft Re- 

.'. medics i which haye rmpofed this Neceffity upon 

* us humbly to implore your Excellency's Aflxftanee 
' to mediate with the Parliament, in the Behalf of 
' us and all the free Commons of England, for the 

.' fpeedy and peaceable Eftablifhment of thofe our 
' native Liberties, which have now coft the King- 

* dom fuch vaft Expence of Blood and Treafure ; 

* that all Obftrudions that lay in the Way to 
' hinder the Addreffes of the free Subjects of Eng- 
' land to the Parliament, in reprefenting their 

* Grievances, Fears, Doubts, and Jealoufies, as 
' alfo Offers of Remedy, might be fo fpeedily re- 
' moved, as that a firm Peace and Union might be 
' yet again enjoyed in our diftra<Sted Kingdom, ac- 
' cording to the Intentions of the Parliament, the 
' frequently declared Engagements of the Army, 

* and the ardent Expectation of all the well-affecte,d 

* of the Kingdom. 

And your Petitioners fiall ever pray. 

This Petition was fubfcribed by about fourteen 
hundred of the Inhabitants, 


of ENGLAND. 443 

After reading the foregoing Petition, the Lords An - *| ^' r ' *' 
ordered that a Letter fliould be written to the Com- . f 

miffioners, to let them fignify to the Army June, 
the Parliament is in a Way of fettling the Peace of 
the Kingdom ; and that it is defired they fhould 
declare what the great Defign mentioned therein is, which g ; VMO f. 
with the Particulars of the Matters and Perfons, f. n ce to the 
elfe they muft take it as a Reflection upon the Houfs or Lord*, 
whole Houfe. The Speaker was ordered to draw 
up a Letter to this Purpofe, and report it to the 
Houfe. They alfo refolved that all the Lords fhall 
be ferved with an Order to attend on Monday 
jhe 1 4th Inftant, about the great Affairs of the 
Kingdom ; and all fuch who have had Leave to be 
abfent to be recalled. 

Pojl Mer. A Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax 
was read, addrefled to the Earl of Manchejter^ 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers. 

My Lord, Roy/Jon^ June 12, 1647. 

< ~|-HE Letter from both Houfes concern ing sir Thongs Fair, 

* J. the difpofmg of Quarters of the Army, fo v " n $ g fh^the" 

* as no Part may be within forty Miles of London, Army is marc'h- 
I received but this Morning bet ween Nine and in s* St<A1 - 

* Ten o' Clock : The Orders for removing to new ar 

* Quarters about St. Albaris were given out Yefter- 

* day, without any Appointment of Rendezvous 
' for this Day, fo as the feveral Regiments are al- 
' ready upon their March, in feveral Ways, from 
' their Jail Quarters to their new, and it is not now 

* poflible , to ftop them. The Quarters now a- 

* figned, the neareft to London^ are twenty Miles 

* diftant j and of the Reafons prefling me to this 

* Motion, befides what my laft Letter to yourll-lf 

* does exprefs, I have given the Commiflioners h.rc 
' a further Account, to which I refer you, fince 
' now the difpofmg of the Quarters cannot at pre- 
' fent be otherwile. I (hall, for the better order- 
1 ing of the Army, be this Night at St. Allans^ 

* appointed before for the Head Quarters ; where 

' I ibull 

444 ^ e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An> *J> Car<1 * * I ft 13 ^ wait 7 our further Refolutions on Monday. 

t 1 ^ 7 ' . 'IfhalJ, by the next, give your Lorciihip an Ac- 

June. 'count of feveral Petitions I have received from 

* fome Counties. I remain 

Your L&rdfoip's mojl bumble Servant, 


Next, a Letter from the Earl of Nottingham, 
with Sir Thomas Fairfax's Reafons for removing 
the Army nearer to London was read ; and a Copy 
of a Letter from the Commiflioners to the General, 
declaring their Difient to that Removal. 

To the Right Honourable EDWARD Earl of MAN- 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of Peers. 

, ' RoyJIon, "June 12, 1647, 

My Lord, Twelve at Noon. 

rte^ariofNot- ' V #erday, , after our Letters to both Houfes 
tingham nponthe ' A. were fealed and ready to be fent up, pri- 
fame Subject. < vate Information being given to the Committee 

* that a Refolution was taken by the Council of 
1 War, that the Head Quarters fhould be this 

* Day at St. d.bans, Mr. Fuller, our Meffenger, 
' was thereupon directed to give the faid Informa- 

* tion to yourfelf by Word of Mouth. We had 
' no fooner received the Information, but we re- 

* paired to the General's Quarters, who, of himfelf, 

* declared unto us the faid Refolution oftheCoun- 
4 cil of War ; unto which we prefently objected, 
' that this was within 25 Miles of London, which 

* the Parliament did not formerly hold fit that the 
'Quarters of the Army fhould be enlarged unto, 
c for ftraightening the Provifions that are to come to 

. * the City ; and that now muft needs be the more 
e unfatisfadtory unto them, in refpeft of the Jea- 
'. loufies of the Times. 

4 To which the General replied, Thot the Rea- 

e (ons of the faid Refolutions fhould be commu- 

5 nicated 

c/ ENGLAND. 445 

' nicated unto us, which he hoped would fatisfy ; An - *3 Car. I. 
1 which Reafons we have received this Morning r 

* about ten o' Clock, by the Hands of Adjutant- June. 

* General Deane and Colonel Hewfon, as the , 

* Senfe of the General and his Council of War, 
' and are as follows : 

For a nearer Communication and Intercourfe with 
the Parliament and City, the more readily to obtain 
Monies for the Satisfaction of the Soldiers, and 
keeping them under Difcipline ; and to prevent the 
raifing of any new War, and to procure the fpeedy 
Settlement of the Peace of the Kingdom. 

' Upon this we thought good to fend the inclo- 
fed Letter to his Excellency, to teftify our Dif- 
fent to his Reafons, and to declare our Refolutions 
to go to the Head Quarters at St. Albans, there to 
expect the Pleafure of the Houies, and purfueour 
Inftructions, in endeavouring to preferve a right 
Underftanding between the Parliament and the 
Army ; having heard not one Word from the 
Houfes for our Direction fince we came out. I 
have no more to add but that I am 

Tour LordJInp 1 s humlle Servant, 


Ihe Letter from the Parliament's Cojnmijffioners to Sir 
Thomas Fairfax, referred to in the foregoing. 

Roy/ion, June 12, 1647. 
SIR, Twj in the Afternoon. 

* TN regard we do hourly expect the Pleafure of A ^ from 

* -*-both Houfes, and that nothing maybe want- t hat Earl, and 

* ing in us to do our utmoft Endeavours to keep the thcr Com - 

a right Underftanding between the Parliament ^^^*" 
6 and the Army, according to our Instructions, Thomai Fairfax, 
' whilft we continue in this Service} we have re- 
' folved, for die prefent, to go to St. Albans, the 
Head Quarters; but we do, withall, declare our 

* Diflent to, and Difapprobation of, the Removal. 

* of the Army fo near London ; not only for the 


446 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Reafons exprefled by us to your Excellency the 

v 1 Isft Night, but for the Reafons given unto us 

June. this Morning, as the Senfe of your Excellency 
' and your Council of War; which we do not 
'judge at all fufficjent and warrantable for any 
' fuch Actian. All which, in Difcharge of our 
' Duty and Truft, we hold it necefiary to acquaint 

* your Excellency with j and remain 

Your humble Servants, 

H. VANE, Jun. 

The fame Day both Houfes agreed to the fol- 
lowing additional Inftrudlion to be fent to their 
Commiffioners with the Army, viz. ' To ufe their 
c beft Endeavours fully to know the Particulars 

* which the Army deiires, and will infill on, for 

* their Satisfaction.' 

Mr. JVhitlocke writes, * That this Day, upon 
a Rumour that -the Army was coming towards 
London^ all the Trained-Bands wereraifed on Pain 
of Death, and ftrong Guards fet; the Shops were 
alfo {hut up, but in a Day or two opened again, 
and all Things were quiet in the City.' 

"June 13. Being Sunday, both Houfes fat again 
to do Bufinefs at four in the Afternoon, when an- 
other Letter from Sir Tliomas Fairfax , addreiltd 
to the Speaker of the Houfe of Peers, was read, 
with two Petitions inclofed j the one from Norfolk 
and Suffolk, the other from Ejfuc, to mediate with 
the Parliament for fettling of Peace. 

My Lord, St. dlbans, June 12, 1647. 

Who fends to the irjAvmg had thefe inclofed Petitions, in the 

^e-"' tl Names of the Counties of Norfolk, Suffolk 

ral Counties in and Ejjcx, dnre^ed and delivered to me by the 

favour of the c Hand of feveral Inhabitants of the faid Counties, 

Army. t o ^ 



* together with their Define, through my Media- A 
1 tion, to have their Grievances contained therein 

' humbly prefented to the Honourable Houfes of 

* Parliament; I aflured them that I would, with 

* all convenient Speed, make them known unto 

* you, and alfo ufe my uttermoft Endeavours for 

* the fpeedy obtaining their juft Requefts : and 
4 therefore, conceiving it my Duty, I thought fit 

* to tender them to your Lordfhip ; not doubting 
' but that, according to the Encouragement I have 
4 given them, you will pleafe to confider and re- 

* urefs them therein as fpeedily as your other Af- 

* fairs will permit. I remain 

Tour Lord/flip's bumble Servant, 


The Petition from EJJex, herein mentioned, we 
omit, becaufe that from -Norfolk and Suffolk, given 
before, is of the fume Tenor j as were feveral 
more from different Counties, all praying Sir Ths- 
mas Fairfax not to difband the Army till the gene- 
ral Grievances {hould be redrefied. 

Mr. JPbithckt\\ert obferves, c That it was ftrange 
to fee how feveral Counties, with the Citizens of 
London, began to make all their Application to the 
General and Army, omitting the Parliament j all 
looked upon the Army in the chief Place, and 
were afraid of doing any thing contrary to them.' 

The fame Day a Letter from the Commiffion- 
ers with the Army was read, directed alfo to the 
Earl of Manchcjler, Speaker of the Houfe of 

St. Albant. "June 13, 1647. 

Two in the Afternoon. 
May it pleafe your Lvrjklp, 

4 tljE attended the General this Morning Another Letter 
* W before Sermon, and prefented him with from , th ! Parlia * 
a Copy of our additional Inftruaion. We did SonmTon- 
' defirehiin with all convenient Speed, to put the cc-r.r^tieMo- 

* B'U- tion4 thercoft 

*fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

e Bufmefs into a Way of effecting; what w?,sin- 
__ 4 truiled unto us by that Inftri'ciicn. We did al- 

jj.c. 4 fo dciire (to prevent Mifunderftandfn ^s, and 

* your taking of hidden ALrms) that he wouM 
4 be pleated not to think of removing the Army, 
4 or any Part thereof, nearer the City, without gi- 
4 ving us timely Notice, that we mi^ht advertile 
' you. 

* To the firft the General was pleafcd to tell 
4 us, That he would call his Officers together as 
4 foon as might be, and put that Bufmets jnto a 
4 Courfe as was defired. 

* And, for the latter, he did allure us, That he 
4 would give Notice to us if he fhould remove all 

* or any Part of ihe Army nearer towards London. 

* At this Meeting the General did further ac- 
4 quaint us, That he was conftrained to keep his 

* Army clofe together, and that it was in great 
6 Want of Money, whereof he had, by two Let- 

* ters, defired a Supply from the Parliament ; and, 
4 if none came fpeedily, the Army would be for- 
4 ced to levy Money upon the Country j which 

* would be a fad Condition for the Country, and- 

* unacceptable to himfelf and the whole Army j 

* and therefore he did defire us to reprefent this to 

* your Confideration j which, upon Advice, we 
4 did a flu re him we would not only reprefent, but 
* recommend ; which we pray you to receive from 
4 us as what, in our Judgment, doth much con- 

* duce to the Bufmefs we are employed in here by 
4 you; which the Lord of Peace give a good I flue 
4 to : So we reft 

Ycur Lordfoip's mofl bumble 

and faithful Swvants, 


June 14. The Lords went upon the Order of 
the Day; but the chief Thing done in it was to 
appoint a. Committee of Lords to meet a propor- 


of E N G L A N D. 449 

ttonable Number of Commons, to confider of and An - Car. i. 

draw up a Declaration which may give Account to 

the Kingdom what the Parliament hath done, and 

what their Intentions are for the future, for the 

Eafe of the Subject, the Satisfaction of the Army, 

and the Peace and Safety of the Kingdom. It was 

alfo referred to the faid Committee to confider 

wh;it Place is moft fit and convenient to have the 

Perfon of the King conveyed to, that fo he might 

have the joint Applications of both Kingdoms for 

the fettling of a fafe and well -grounded Peace. 

June 15. On Notice of a nearer Approach of The Guards a- 
the Army, the Houfe of Commons fent to defire the ^dt"*"^ 
Committee of the Militia of London to double their doubled. 
Guards about the Houfes, to prevent any Inter- 
ruption or Disturbance. 

Ordered, alfo, That Halberts, Half-Pikes, and 
other Arms, be brought into the outward Rooms 
forthwith, as if they expedled an immediate Storm. 

In the Houfe of Lords another Letter from the 
Earl of Nottingham and Lord De la War was read, 
addrefled in the fame Manner as the laft. 

St. Albarf^ June 14, 1647, 

Ten at Night. 
May it pit: afe your Lorjhip^ 

YEfterday, after we had difpatched our Mef- 
fenger to you, as we went to the Sermon The Lords Com. 
in the Afternoon, the General did acquaint us r " iffionOTS far * 

, r r i r T- <-t_ . ther Account of 

that fome of thole r 1 oot tft the Army that h.ul their Proceeding 

lifted them felves for Ireland^ and were drawn tc- inrelat/n toth* 

wards JVorceJlerJhirc^ had fignified to him a De- Anny ' 

fire to return to the Army; and by Name thofe 

of Col. Fortefcuis Regiment, who had defired 

of the General a Party of Horfe to afllft them in 

their March towards the Army. 

' About Five o'Cloclc this Night the General 
came to our Lodgings, and acquainted us that, 
by our Inftruclions, we were to preferve a gopd 
Underftanding between the Parliament and thp 


45 7'& Parliamentary HISTORY 

Army; and that whilft we were here in that Ser- 
vice, a printed Vote of both Houfes, without his 
Knowledge c.r Privity, was conveyed and difper- 
fed with all Diligence, into ail the Regiments 
of the Army ; which Vote, as he told us, was to 
this Effect, That Juch Soldiers as Jhould forfake 
the Army^ Jhould have the Benefit of the former 
Votes of both Hjufcs touching the full Pay of the 
common Soldiers ; which may beget fome Difor- 
der in the Army, and doth draw the Soldiers into 
a very great Sufpicion and Jealoufy of what is 
intended by your Endeavours here. 

* The General at the fame Time did acquaint 
us, that the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
mon Council of the City had fent a Committee 
of theirs to him and the Army ; who, by their 
Exprefilons, do endeavour to poiTefs the Army 
with their great Dcfires of Peace, and of their 
having a good Opinion of the Army ; and yet 
Letters have come into the Army amongft the 
common Soldiers, from their Correfpondents in 
London^ certifying them of their great Prepara- 
tions there, as their lifting of Hoifemen to very 
confiderable Numbers ; and that the Soldiers here 
do apprehend themfelvcs betrayed by their Offi- 
cer 1 -, that they fhould thus lie {till, whilft fuch 
Preparations are making againft them ; and that 
the Soldiers do apprehend thefe Preparations to 
be made, not with the Knowledge of the Houfes 
nor of the City, but by fome Committee in a pri- 
vate Way j and that if thefe Preparations were 
only intended to fupprefs Tumults and Diforders 
that might arife about the Parliament or City, the 
Trained Bands were fufficient, and more likely 
to prefcrve their Peace than thefe new Levies, 
confiding of Perfons, as they did undcrftanj, 
whofe Intercft lay in new Troubles. The Ge- 
neral did defire us to reprefcnt thefe Things to 
the Parliament. 

* We did then acquaint the General that, as 
touching the Vote, none fuch were come.frc.rn 
the Houfes, or othcrwife unto us, or Directions 

vf ENGLAND. 451 

to difpcrfe them; and, as to the Levies, wetolJ An. 13 Car. 

* the General, That perhaps fome Things, in t |647> 
' order to the Safety of the Parliament and City, 

* might be done, being the Army was come nearer 
' the City than twenty-five Miles ; and whillr, we 
" were at fuch a Diftance, Things might be mil- 
' reprefentcd on both Sides. 

' About an Hour after this the Committee from 

* the Common Council gave us a Vifit, und in- 

* formed us, That the End of their Coming 

* was to preferve a good Underftanding between 
' the City and the Army ; and that fmce their 

* Coming hither they found the Soldiery pofleflcd 
1 that great Preparations and Levies were made 

* againlt them about London, to the Effect the 
1 General had formerly acquainted us; and they 

* did aflufe us whatever was done of that Kind, 

* was without the Confent of the Common Coun- 
' cil; and that the Common Council did unani- 

* moufly deteft a new War, or any Thing that 

* might give juft Offence to the Army. 

* We have hourly, all this Day, expected from 
the General an Anfwer to our additional Inftruc- 
tion ; but, by reafon of the Coming down of the 
Committee of Council, it is not yet come, tho* 
we hear it is in great Forwardnefs ; and we hope 
to receive it this Night before we go to Bed, 
whereof we (hall give you an Account with all 
Diligence; fo reft 

Your Lord/hip's mojl bumble 

and faithful S truants, 


P. S. We underftand that the Soldiery grow 
impatient with the Relations that come, every 
Hour, of the Levies that are made in and about 
London, as they conceive, againft them ; fo. that 
unlefs we receive, from you, by To-morraw 
Night, fomcthing that may give Satisfaction 
F f 2 ' there- 

452 *he Parliamentary H i s t d R Y 

An. 13 Car. I. therein, we fear they may fpeedily march nearer. 
_ 1 . 6 * 7 ' , ' towards London. 

In the Afternoon of this Day a Letter was drawn 
up, read, and agreed to by both Houfes, in An- 1 
fwer to the foregoing, and ordered to be fign'd by 
their Speakers, inhxcFerba: 

My Lords, Wejlminjler^ June 15, 1647. 

TheAnfvw Hp rfE Lords in Parliament have received 
oVthe Par- * >' our Letters of the 13* and I 4 th, and 

' have commanded us to let you know, that their 

* Defire is that you prefs your laft additional In- 

* ftrution, that fo they may have an Anfwer there-* 

* unto with all poflible Speed. 

' They further commanded us to fignify unto 
' you, that they know not of any new or ex- 

* traordinary Levies made againft the Army : and 

* they defire you ftill to infift, that the Army, nor 

* any Part of it, be quartered nearer the City of 

* London, in regard of the many Inconveniences 

* that may thereby fall upon the Parliament and 

* City. They give you Thanks for your Care in 

* Obfervance of all their Commands/ 

The fame Day the Commons fent up the follow- 
ing Votes for the Lords Concurrence, in relation 
to the Removal of the King's Perfon, which were 
agreed to, and ordered to be fent to Sir Thomas 
Fairfax ; viz. 

Who refo! that * Ordered, by the Lords and Commons aflembled 
the King be j n Parliament, That the General be required to 
b~jfcttoRich- ddiver up the p erfon of t h c King to fuch Per- 
ferns as both Houfes fliall appoint ; to be placed 
at Richmond uhdcr f\ich a Guard, and in fuch Man- 
ner, as they think fit ; to the Intent that thePropofi- 
tions agreed upon by both Kingdoms may be fpee- 
dily prefented to his Majefty, for the fettling a fafe 
a'nd well-grounded Pence. 

4 Ordered, &c. That the Perfons to whom the 
General is required to deliver the Perfon of the 
King, &a!l be the Commiffioncrs formerly ap- 


pointed to receive the Perfon of the King, at An. 
Knvcajllt^ or any three of them.' t 

When the firft of thefe Votes was put to the ""T,' n . 
Queftion in the Houfe of Commons, it was carried 
by 146 againft 115. 

June 16. More Intelligence came from the Par- 
liament's Commiffioners with the Army, contained 
in trje following Letters, directed to their Speaker: 

St. Man's June 15, 1647, 
Two o Clock poji Mer. 

May it pleafe your Lordjbip, 

\ S we fignified to you by ours late laft Night, T j, e 

* Z\ we were in hopes then to have received Conors farther 
' from the Army what it was they delired, and 4mtoftbt 
f would infift upon, and to what End; fqmewhatj^" * 

' after Twelve o'Clock the General fent unto us, 
' and prayed us to fit up fome Time, for that he 

* would fpeedily fend us the Anfwer. In Expec- 
' tation whereof, fuch of us as were not before 

* gone to Bed did ftay up, but it came not; where - 

* upon, this Morning early, we did attend the Ge- 
' neral, who did excufe his not fending laft Night, 
' by fome Miftake in the tranfcribing that could 
e not be fo foon amended, but that we fhould, have 
? it forthwith. 

* About Eleven of the Clock this Day Lieu- 
e tenant-General Hammond, and four ColoneU of 
^ the Army, came to us from the General, Com- 
4 manders, and Soldiers of the Army, and prefented 
4 to us their Reprefentation ; and defired us to fend 

* the fame, with all Speed, to the Parliament; 
' which here inclofed we prefent. 

1 We likewife fent to know whether, in this 

* Reprefentation, were contained all the Particulars 

* that the Army did defirc and irfift upon. To 
' which, by Colonel Hammind and other Officers, 
' this Anfwer from the General was returned, That 

* the Sum and Bottom of the Dcfires of the Army 
c are delivered in the Representation, only there 

F f 3 < per 


%'be 'Parliamentar HISTORY 

An. *3 Car. 1. 1 rcrna j n fome Heads tending to the clearing of 
l6 <7- < the Reprefentation, which (hould be within three 
( Hours brought to the Commiffioners. Thefe 
< {hall be fent you from 

Tcur Lordfiip's bumble Servants^ 


Another Letter from the Earl of Nottingham, 
\vas read. 

St. Alkalis^ "June 1 6, 16147. 

it pleafe your Lordlhip^ 

I Received your Lordfnip's Letter of the i5th 
* Inftant, about Ten o'Clock that Ni^ht; and 
as to the additional Inftruction, your Lord- 
fhips \vill perceive, by our Difpatch fent Yefter- 
day by the Lord De la War^ Col. Wmts^ and 
Mr. Pevty, to theHoufes, that we have obeyed 
your Commands. W r e have alfoafiurcd the Ge- 
neral and his Officers, that no Levies are made 
againft him by both or either Houfe of Parlia- 

* Concerning the Removal of the Army nearer 
the City of London, I (hall acquaint them with 
your Lordfhips Commands j and let them know 
your Lordfhips do expect their ready Obedience, 
To which, fo foon as I (hall receive their An- 
< fwer, it ftiall be fent up with Speed from 

Tcur Lordship's bumble Servant, 


a E* e d jrat ' on > or Reprefemation, from the wly'of Army, mentioned in the above Letters, is not en- 
Reprefcnution tered in the Journals', the Parliament efteeming it, 
3S ma ^ ^ t wc |j imagined, too derogatory to their 
Honour to rave fuch a Thing ftand in their Re- 
cords. Hovever, it was publiflied by the ipecial 


m Form. 

cf ENGLAND. 455 

Order of the General and his Officers (g) : From An. ? 3 dr. j. 
which Authority we give it, together with another ^^ ' ^ 
Paper printed by the fame Authority and hinted j vaft 
at ahove, which contained the Heads of a Charge 
againft feveral Ivjembers uf the Houfe of Com- 

And firfl, 

// REPRESENTATION from his Excellency 
Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX and the Army under 
his Command, humbly tendered to the Parliament 
concerning the jujl and Fundamental Rights and 
Liberties of themfelves and the Kingdom^ with fame 
humble Propofals and Defires in order thereunto, 
and far fettling the Peace of the Kingdom. 

' I" 1 " H A T we rnay no longer be the Diflatis- 

* A faction of our Friends, the Subject of our 

* Enemies Malice, (to work Jealoufies and Mif- 
' reprefentations ugon) and the Sufpicion, if not 
' Aftonifhment, of many in the Kingdom, in our 
' late or prefent Tranfa&ions and Conduct of Bu- 
nefs, we {hall, in all Faithfulnefs and Clear- 
' nefs, profefs and declare urjto you thofe Things 
' which have of late protracted and hindered our 
' difbanding ; the prefent Grievances which pof- 
' fefs our Army, and are yet unreme^ied ; with 

* our Defires as to the complete Settlement of the 

* Liberties and Peace of the Kingdom, which is 
' that Blefling of God than which, of all worldly 

* Things, nothing is more dear unto us or more 
e precious in our Thoughts ; "we having hitherto 
( thought all our prefent Enjoyments (whether of 
' Life, or Livelihood, or neareit Relations) a Price 

F f 4 * but 

fo) Pr'nt?d at Cambist, by Roger Danif', Printer to the Uni- 
vtflity, with the fallowing Fiat. 

Sr. Alban's, June 14., 1647. 

By tbt Appointment r,f tit Exeilltucy Sir Thomas Fairfax, vjtti> 
tbt Ojficcrt and S-Miery under bn Command. 

]. Ru/hwvrth, Stc'ttary. 

It ii alfo givsn in th C-.fftfficiu, Vol. VJ. p. 564.. but 
t*:llv, as will appear in the next Note. 

4 ;6 T^e -Parliamentary H I s T o K Y 

An. 23 Car. I. but fufficient to the Pu rebate of ib rich a Blofling* 

l6 +7* ( c that we. and all the free-born People of this Nation 

*"*' 1 * may fet down in Quiet under our Vines, a.nd un- 

6 der the glorfous Admmiltration of Juftice and 

* Righteoufnefs, and in full Poflefiion of thofe fun- 
' damental Rights and Liberties, withouf which 
' we can nave little Hopes, as to human Confi- 
c derations, to enjoy either any Comfort of Life, 
c or fo much as Life itfelf, but at the Pleafare of 
' fame Men, ruling merely according to Will and 

It cannot be unknown what hath pafTed be- 
' t\v:xt the Parliament and the Army as to the Scr- 

* vie? of Ireland', by all which, together with the 
' late Proceedings againfr, the Army in relation to 
' their Petitions and Grievances, all Men may 

* judge what hath hindered the Army from a ready 
4 Engagement in that Service j and without fur- 

* ther Account or Apology as to that Particular, 

* than what thcfe Paflages and Proceedings them - 

* ft^ves, already made public, do afford, we do 
' appeal to all Men, whether thofe Courfes to 
c which the Parliament hath, by the Defigns and 
' Practice of feme, been drawn, have rational- 
' ly tended to induce a chearful and unanimous 
' Undertaking of the Army as to that Service, or 
' rather to break and pull the Army in Pieces with 
' Difcontcnts and Dishonour ; and to put fuch Dif- 
' obligations and Provocations upon it as might 
' drive it into Diflempcr, and, indeed, difcourage 
' both this Army and other Soldiers from any fur- 
c ther Engagement in the Parliament's Service. 

* And we wifh all Men would with us, upon the 

* whole Carriage, ferioufly confnier whether, in the 
' Intentions of thofe who have, by falfe Informa- 
c tions and Mifreprefentations, put the Parliament 

* upon fuch Ways, the timely and effectual Re- 

* lief of Ireland feems really to have been intended : 

* or rather, with the breaking and dtibandingof 

* this Army, to draw together or raifc fuch other 

* Forces, 

of E N G L A N D. 457 

1 Forces, and of fuch a Temper, as might ferve An, *^ Car. ^ 

* to fome defperate and deftructive Dcfigns in ^ l6 ^ 7 ' ^ 

* England: For which, befides the probable Sufpi- .^^ 

* cions from their Carriage of the Bufinefs, we 

* have before-hand, in the Tranfaction thereof, 
'had more than Hints of fuch a Defign, by clear 
' Expreffions to that Purpofe, from many of thofe 

* Officers of the Army that have been perfuaded, 
' and appeared moft forward, to engage for Ireland 
' on the Terms propofed. And that fuch a Defign 

* hath all along been driven feems now tooevi- 
' dent, by the prefent difpofing of thofe Forces that 

* have been engaged as for Ireland, by the En* 

* deavours of fome to gain a Power from the Par- 
' liament of ordering the fame for fome Service in 
' England^ and by the private Liftings of Men for 
'Service here, withont any public Authority of 
' Parliament; and all this by the fame Perfon* 
' who have all along appeared moft active and vio- 
' lent in the late Proceedings againft the Army. 

' As to the juft Difcontents and Diflfatisfadtions 

* of the Army in relation to their Grievances, and 

* their Non-Compliance to the late Orders for fud- 
' den difbanding by Piece-Meal, before more full 

* and equal Satisfaction were given to the whole, 

* we defire you to look back to the Papers already 

* publiQied of the Grievances themfelves, the Nar- 

* rative of the Officers, and to the later Papers 
' from the General Council of War at Bury, and 

* from the late general Rendezvous laft Week near 

* Newmarket : And, we think, the Parliament's 

* late refuming the Confideration of thofe Things, 

* as to a further Satisfaction, doth much juftify 

* the Defires and Proceedings of the Army in thofe 
' pad Particulars hitherto. 

* And though had we, upon our firft AddrefTcs 

* for our undoubted Rights and Dues, found a free 
' and candid Reception, with a juft Confideration 
' and reafonable Satisfaction, or at leaft an inge- 
' nuous Aniwer therein, we Ihould have been ea- 

* fily perfuadec' to have abated or forborne much 

45 3 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. e o f our ) ues . and not to have inquired into or 

L * ^' j ' confidered, fo far as we have, either the Pofiibili- 

Junc. * ties there are for more prefent Satisfaction of Ar- 

1 rears, or the Credit of future Securities propofed -, 

' yet fince, upon thofe former AddrefTes, we have 

' found fuch unworthy Dealing, as in the faid Papers 

1 is fet forth : And thofe additional, tho' hitherto 

' but partial, Satisfactions coming fo hardly as 

' they have, we find no obliging Reafons, in the 

' leaft, to decline or recede from what is our Due ; 

* but rather ftill to adhere unto our Dcfires of full 
' and equal Satisfaction in all thefe Things men- 

* tioned in the aforefaid Papers, not only in behalf 
' of ourfelves and the Army, but allb of the whole 
4 Soldiery throughout the Kingdom, who have 
f concurred, or (hall concur, with us in the fame 

* And to all our former Defires as Soldiers we 
' cannot but add this, (wherein we find ourfelves 

f ' fo nearly concerned in point of Jufticeand Re- 

* putation) That more Care and a ftricter Courfe 
' may be taken for making good all Articles grant- 

* ed upon Surrenders, according to the true Intent 
' and Meaning of them ; as alfo for Remedy and 

* Reparation in cafe of any Breach ; and this with- 

* out thofe Delays which divers have found as pre- 

* judicial, or more, than if they had been totally 

* denied the Performance of them. 

* Nor will it now, we hope, feem frrange or 
' unfeafonablc to rational and honeft Men, who 

* confider the Confequence of our prefent Cafe to 
' their own and the Kingdom's, as well as our fu- 
4 ture Concernments in point of Right, Freedom, 

* Peace, and Safety, if (from a deep Senfe of the 
' high Confequence of our prefent Cafe, both to 
c ourfelves in future and all other People) we fhall, 

* before difbanding, proceed in our own and the 
' Kingdom's Behalf, to propound and plead for 
' fome Provifton for onr and the Kingdom's Satis- 

* faction and future Security in relation to thofe 
' Things ; efpecially confidering that we were not a 

* mert: 

9f ENGLAND. 459 

mere mercenary Army, hired to fervcany arti-An. * 3 Car.!. 

* trary Power of State, but called forth and con- t 1<>47 ' _, 
4 jured, by the feveral Declarations of Parliament, j unc> 

4 to t^e Defence of our own and the People's juft 

* Rights and Liberties : And fo we took up Arms 

* in Judgment and Confcience to thofe Ends, and 

* have fo continued them; and are refolved, ac- 

* cording to your firft juft Defires in your Decla- 

* rations, and fuch Principles as we have received 
' from your frequent Informations and our own 

* common Senfe, concerning thefe our fundamen- 
4 tal Rights and Liberties, to aiTert and vindicate 
' the juil Power and Rights of this Kingdom in 
' Parliament, for thofe common Ends premifed 
4 againft all arbitrary Power, Violence, and Op- 
4 prcflion, and all particular Parties an-1 Interefts 
4 whatfoever j the faid Declarations ftill directing 

* us to the equitable Senfe of all Laws and Confti- 

* tutions, as difpenfing with the very Letter of 
e the fame, and being fupreme to it, when the 
4 Safety and Prefervation of all is concerned ; and 

* alluring us, that all Authority is fundamentally 
4 feated in the Office, and but minifterially in the 
4 Perfons. Neither do or will thefe our Proceed- 

* ings, as we are fully and in Confcience perfuaded, 

* amount to any Thing unwarrantable before God 
4 and Men ; being thus far much fhort of the com- 

* mon Proceedings, in other Nations, to Things of 
4 an higher Nature than we have yet appeared to : 
4 And we cannot but be fenfible of the great Com- 

* plaints that have been made to us generally in 
4 the Kingdom, from the People where we march, 

* of Arbitrarinefs and Injuftice, to their great and 
' infupportable Opprcffion. 

4 And truly fuch Kingdoms as have, according 
4 both to the Law of Nature and Nations, appear- 
? cd to be the Vindicators and Defenders of their 

* juft Rights and Liberties, have proceeded much 
4 higher : As our Brethren of Scotland, who, in 

* the firft Beginning of thefe late Differences, af- 

* fociated in Covenant from the very fame Prin- 

* ciplos and Grounds, having no vifible Form ei- 

4 ther 

460 n* Parliamentary Hi s T o R y 

* *| Car ' *' e ther of Parliament or King to countenance them : 
J' * * And as they were therein juftified and proie&ed 
June. * by their own and this Kingdom alfo, fo we juftly 
fhall expeft to be. 

1 We need not mention the States of the Xttber- 
e lands i the Portvgtih and others, all proceeding 

* upon the fame Principles of Right and Freedom : 

* And accordingly the Parliament hath declared it 
c no Refinance of Magiftracy to fios with the jjuft 
' Principles of Law, Nature, and Nations, being 

* that Law upon which we haveafiifted you. And 

* that the Soldiery may lawfully hold the Hands of 

* that General who will turn his Cannon againft hts 

* Army, on purpofe to deftroy them ; the Seamen 
' the Hands of that Pilate who wilfully runs the Ship 

* upon the Rock, as our Brethren of Scotland arr 

* gued : And fuch were the Proceedings of our 
' Anceftors of famous Memory to the purchafmg 
' of fuch Rights and Liberties as they have enjcy- 
ed thro* the Price of their Blood ; and we, both 

* by that and the later Blood of our dear Friends 
and Fellow Soldiers, with the Hazard of our 
' own, do now lay claim unto k 

' Nor is that fupreme End, the Glory of God, 
' warning in theft Cafes to fet a Price upon all 
* fuch Proceedings, of Righteoufnefs and Juflice; 
' it being one Witnefs of God in the World, to 

* carry on a Teftimony againft the Injuftice and 

* Unrighteoufnefs of Men, and againft the Mif- 
4 carriages of Government, when corrupted or de- 
' cliningfrom their primitive and original Glory. 

* Thefe Things we mention but to compare 

* Proceedings, and to (hew that we are fo much 

* the more juftifiable and warranted in what we 
' do, by how much we come fhort of that Height 
? and Meafure of Proceedings which the People in, 
c -free Kingdoms and Nations have formerly prac- 

' Now, having thus far cleared our Way in thi 

* Bufincfs, we (hall proceed to propound fuch 
' Things as we do humbly defire for the fettling 

* and fecuring of our own and the Kingdom's 



c Rights, Freedom, Peace, aad Safety, as follow- An. 23 

I. ' That the Houfes may be fpeedily purged <# 

* fuch Members as, for their Delinquency, or for 

* Corruption, or Abufe to the State, or undue 

* Election, ought not to fit there; whereof the 
c late Elections in Cornwall, Wales, and other Parts 
' of the Kingdom, afford too many Examples to 

* the great Prejudice of the People's Freedom in 
the laid Elections. 

II. * That thofe Perfons who have, in the late 
1 unjuft and high Proceedings againft the Army, 

* appeared to have the Will, the Confidence, Cre- 

* die and Power to abufe the Parliament and the 

* Army, and endanger the Kingdom in carrying 

* on fuch Things againft us while an Army, may 
' be Ibme way fpeedily difabled from doing the like 
' or worfe to us, (when diibanded and difperfed, 
4 and in the Condition of private Men) or to other 
' the free-born People of England in the fame Con- 
' dition with us ; and that, for that Purpofe, the 
' fame Perfons may not continue in the fame 

* Power, efpecially as ours and the Kingdom's 

* Judges in the higheft Truft, but may be made 

* incapable, thereof for the future. 

* And if it be queftioned who thofe are, w*e 
' thought not fit particularly to name them in this 
4 our Reprefentation to you ; but (hall very fpee- 
' dilv give in their Names, and, before long, lhall 
' offer what we have to fay againft them to your 

* Commiflioners ; wherein we hope fo to carry 
' ourfelves, as that the World (hall fee we aim ut 

* nothing of private Revenge or Animofity, but 

* that Juftice may have a free Courfe j and the 

* Kingdom be eafed, at leaft, by difabling fuch 

* Men from Places of Judicature, who,defiring to 

* advantage and fet up themfelves and their Party, 
, 'in a general Confufion, have endeavoured to p\it 

' the Kingdom into a new Flame of War, than 

* which nothing is more abhorrent unto us. 

' But becaule neither the granting of this alone 
t would be fufftciuit to fecuie cur own and (h 

462 The Parliamentary HI 

Aa.a;Cir.i. 'Kingdom's Rights, Liberties, and Safety, either 

k l647 ' , ' for the prefent Age, or Pofterity ; nor would the 

June. ' Propofal of this, ftngly, be free from the Scandal 

* and Appearance of Faction, or Defign only to 
c fupprefs one Party, under the Notion of unjuit 
' or oppreflive, that we may advance another 

* which may be imagined more our own : We 

* therefore declare, 

' That indeed we cannot but wifh that fuch 
' Men, and fuch only, might be preferred to the 
' great Power and Truft of the Common-wealth, 

* as are approved at leaft for moral Righteoufnefs 5 
' and of fuch we cawnot but, in our Wifhes, pre* 

* fer thofe that appear ated thereunto by a Prin- 
4 ciple of Confcience and Religion in them ; and 

* accordingly we do and ever {hall blels God, for 
' thofe many Worthies, who, through his Provi- 
' dence, have been chofen into this Parliament , 
' and to fuch Men's Endeavours, under God, we 

* cannot but attribute that Vindication in Part of 
' the People's Rights and Liberties, and thofe 
' Beginnings of a juft Reformation, which the 

* Proceedings at the Beginning of this Parliament 
' appeared to have driven at, and tended to, tho* 
' of late obftru&ed or rather diverted to other Ends 
( and Interefts by the prevailing of other Perfons, 
' of other Principles and Conditions. 

* But we are fo far from deugning or complying 

* to have any abfolute arbitrary Power fixed or 

* fettled, for Continuance, in any Perfons whatfo- 
' ever, as that, if we might be fure to obtain it, we 

* cannot wifh to have it fo in the Perfons of any 

* who we mightb eft con fide in, or who fhould appear 
' mod of our own Opinions or Principles, or whom 

* we might have moft Perfonal AfFurance of, or In- 
bereft in j but we do and fhall much rather wifh 
' that the Authority of this Kingdom in a Parlia- 
' ment rightly conftituted, free, equally, and fuc- 

* cefiively chofen, according to its original Inten- 

* lion, may ever (land and have its Courfe ; and 

* therefore we lhall apply our Deilres chiefly to 
ludx Things, is (by having Parliaments fcttkti iu 

* iuca 

of ENGLAND. 463 

"fuch aright Confutation) may give more Hopes An. 2, car. 
4 of Juttice and Righteoufnefs to flow down equal- i ' 

* ly to all in that its antient Channel, without any j ane . 

* Overtures tending either to overthrow that Foun- 
' dation either of Order or Government in this 
4 Kingdom, or to ingrofs that Power, for Perpe- 
4 tuity, into the Hands of any particular Perfon 

* or Party whatfoever. 

* And for that Purpofe, though, as we have found 

* it doubted by many Men, minding fmcerely the 
4 Public Good, but not weighing fo fully all Con- 
4 fequenccs of Things, it may and is not unlike to 
4 prove, that, 'upon the End of this Parliament and 
4 Election of a new, the Confiitution of fucceed- 

* ing Parliaments, as to the Perfons elected, may 
4 prove for the worfe many Ways ; yet fince nei- 
4 ther in the purging of this prefent Parliament, nor 
4 in the Election of a new, we can promife to our- 
4 felves or the Kingdom an Affurance of Juftice, or 
4 other pofitive Good from the Hands of Men ; but 

* thofe that appear at prefent moft righteous, and 
4 mcft for common Good, (having an unlimited 
4 Power fixed in them, during Life or Pleafure) in 
4 Time may become corrupt, or fettle into Parties 
4 or Factions ; or on the other Side, in cafe of new 
4 Elections, thofe that fhould fo fucceed may prove 

* as bad or worfe than the former : 

4 We therefore humbly conceive that, (of two 
4 Inconveniences the lefs being to bechofen) the 
4 main Thing to be intended in the Cafe (and be- 
4 yond which human Providence cannot reach, as 

* to any Ailurance of pofittve Good) feems to be 
4 this, viz. To provide that however unjuft orcor- 
4 rupt the Perfons of Parliament-Men, in prefent or 
4 future, may prove ; or whatever 111 they may do 

* to particular Parties, or to the whole in parti- 
4 cular Things, during their refpec~tive Terms or 
4 Pejiods; yet they fhall not have the Tempta- 
4 tion or Advantage of an unlimited Power fixed 
4 in them during their own PJcafure, whereby to 

* perpetuate Injuftice and Oppreflion upon any 

* without End or Remedy ; or to advance and up- 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

* 3 C"- 1 -' hold any one particular Party, Faction, or Intereft 

, ' whatfocver, to the Oppreflion or Prejudice of the 

June. 'Community and the Enflaving of the Kingdom 

* unto all Pofterity ; but that the People may have 

* an equal Hope or Poffibility, if they have made an 
4 ill Choice at one Time, to mend it in another j 
' and the Members themfelves may be in a Capacity 

* totafte of Subjection as well as Rule, and may be 

* fo inclined to confider of other Men's Cafes, as 

* what may come to be their own. This we fpeak 
' in relation to the Houfe of Commons, as being 

* intrufted on the People's Behalf, for their Inte- 

* reft in that great and fupreme Power, of the Com- 

* monvrealth, (viz. the legiflative Power, with the 

* Power of final Judgments) which being in its own 

* Nature fo arbitrary, and in a Manner fo unli- 
' mited, unlefs in Point of Time, is moft unfit and 

* dangerous, as to the People's Intereft,to be fixed in 

* the Perfons of the fame Men during Life or their 
' own Pleafure; neither, by the original Conftitu- 
' tion of this State, was it, or ought it, to con- 

* tinue fo ; nor doth it, where ever it is, and con- 
' tinues fo, render that State any better than a mere 
' Tyranny, or the People fubjected to it any better 

* than Vaffiils : But in all States where there is any 
6 Face of common Freedom, and particularly in this 

* State of England (as is moft evident both by ma- 
' ny pofitive Laws and antient conftant Cuftom) 

* the People have a Right to new and fucceflive 
' Elections uuto that great and fupreme Truft, 
' at certain Periods of Time ; which is fo eflential 

* and fundamental to their Freedom, as it cannot or 
' ought not to be denied them j and without which 

* the Houfe of Commons is of very little Concern- 

* ment to the Intereft of the Commons of England: 

* Yet in this we would not be mifunderftood to 

* blame thofe Worthies of both Houfes, whofe Zeal 

* to vindicate the Liberties of this Nation did pro- 

* cure that Act for the Continuance of this Parlia- 
4 ment, whereby it wasfecured from being diilblved 

* at the King's Pleafure, as former Parliaments have 

* been, and "reduced to fuch a Certainty as might 

* enable 


' enable them the h?tter to afiift and vindicate the ^ n * 

'Liberties of this Nation (immediately before fo _ 

e highly invaded, and then alfo fo much endanger- June. 

( ed ;) and this We take to be the principal Ends 

1 and Grounds for which; in that Exigency of 

' Time and Affairs, it v/as procured, and to which 

' we acknowledge it hath happily been rriade life 

* of; but we cannot think it was by thofe Wo'r- 

* thies intended, or ought to be made ufe of, to the 
' perpetuating of that fupreme Truft and Power in 
' the Perfons of any, during their own Pleafures, or 

* to the debarring of the People from their Right 
' of Elections totally, how when thofe Dangers 

* of Exigencies were paft, and the Affairs and Safe- 

* ty of the Commonwealth would admit of fuch a 
< Change. ' 

' Having thus cleared our Grounds and Intcn- 

* lions'; as \ve hope,, from all Scruples and Mifun- 
' derftandirtgs In what follows, we fhall proceed fur- 
c ther to propofe what \ve liumbly defirc for the fet- 

* tling and fecuring of our own and the Kingdom's 
' Rights and Libei ties, through the BleiTing of God, 

* to Pdfterity ; and therefore, upon the Grounds 

* prerriifed, we further humbly defire as followcth : 

III. 4 That fome determinate Period of Time 

* may be fet for the Continuance of this and future 

* Parliaments, beyond which none {hall continue, 

* and upon which new Writs mav of Courfe iflue 

* out, arid new Elections fucceffirely take Place, 

* according to the Intent of the Bill for Triennial 

* Parliaments. 

' And herein we would not be mifunderftood, 

* to defire a prcfent or fudden Diffolution of this 
' Parliament ; but only, as is exprefled before, that 

* fome certain Period may be fet for the Determi- 
' ning of it, fo th^it it may not remain, as nov,-, 
' continuable for ever, or during the Pleafure of 
' the prefent Members. And we (hould defire 

* that the Period to be nov/ fet for ending this Par- 
4 liamentmay be fuch as may give fufricL-nt Time 

* for Provifion of what is wanting, and neceiftry 

* to be palled, in point of mft Reformation and for 

VOL. XV, G g further 

T^r Parliamentary 

An. a-; Car. T. < further fecuring the Rights and Liberties, anJ. 
'fettling the Peace of the Kingdom; in order to 
which we further humbly offer : 

IV. * That fecure Provifton may be made for 
the Continuance of future Parliaments, foas they 
' may not be adjournable or difiblvable at the 
' King's Pleafure, or any other wife than by their 
'.own Confent during their refpe&ive Periods ; but 
' at thofe Periods each Parliament to determiner 
' of Courfe as before. This we defire may be 
' now provided for, if it may be, fo as to put it 

* out of all Difpute for the future, though we think 
' of Right it ought not to have been other wife 
' before. 

[' And becanfe the prefent Dijlribution of Elevens 
1 for Parliament Members h fs very unequal^ and 
' the Multitude of BurgeJJes for decayed or incon- 
' ftderable Towns (whcj'e Inter eft in the Kingdom 
' iwjtdd in many not exceed^ or in others not equal ', 
' ordinary Villages) doth give too much and tea ei'i- 

* dent Opportunity for Men of Power to frame 
c Parties in Parliament to feriv particular Inter ejh, 
' and thereby the Common Inter eft of the ivhole is 
' not fo minded^ or not fj equally provided fcr : IV t 

* therefore further dcfire^ 

V. 4 That feme Provifion may be ncta made fcr 
' fuch Dijlribution of Elections for future Portia* 
' mcnts, as may ftand -with jome Rule of Equality 

* or Proportion, as near as may be, to render the 
c Parliament a mare equal Reprejentati-ve of thf 
6 whole ; as for Inftance, That all Counties or Drvi- 
'fons and Parts of the Kingdom (involving incon- 
' fidernble Towns] may have a Number of Parlia- 
' ment-Men allowed to their Choice^ proportionally 
( to the refpcttive Rates they bear in the Common 

* Changes and Burdens of the Kingdom^ and not to 

* have more ; or fame other fuch like Rule (h)~\. 

' And thus a firm Foundation being laid in the 
' Authority and Conflitution of Parliaments forthe 

4 Hopes 

(b) Thefe two Paragraphs in l:alick are omitted in Mr. R-jjh- 
wcrtb's Collisions. The Reafon of this Variation from the 
Cambridge Edition, liccnfed by himfelf, is more e*fy to point out 
than to account for. 


Hopes, at leaft, of common and equal Right and 

* Freedom to ourielves and all the free-born People 

* of this Land ; we ihall, for our Parts, freely and j ujlc . 

* chearfully commit our Stock or Share of Intereft in 

* this Kingdom, into this common Bottom of Par- 

* liaments ; and though it may, for bur Particulars, 

* go ill with us in one Voyage, yet we ihall thus 

* hope, if Right be with us, to fare better in 

* another. 

4 Thefe Things we defire may be provided 
' for by Bill or Ordinance of Parliament, to which 

* the Royal Aflent may be defired. And when 
' his Majefty (in thefe Things, and what elte 
' ihall be propofed by the Parliament necefTary for 

* fecuring the Rights and Liberties of the People, 

* and for fettling the Militia and Peace of the King- 

* dom) ihall have given his Concurrence* to pur 

* them paft Difpute, we fhall then defire that the 

* Rights of his Majefty and his Pofteritymay be 

* confidered of and fettled in all Things, fo far as 
* may confift with the Right and Freedom of the 

* Subject, and with the Security of the fame for 

* the future. 

VI. We defire the Right and Freedom of the 

* People to reprefent to the Parliament, by way of 
4 humble Petition, their Grievances, in fuch Things 

* as cannot be otherwife remedied than byParlia- 
4 ment, may be cleared and vindicated j that all fuch 

* Grievances of the People may be freely received, 

* and admitted into Consideration, and put into an 

* equitable and fpeedy Way to be heard, exami- 
c ned, and red relFed, if they appear real j and that 

* in fuch Things, for which Men have Remedy by 

* Law, they may be freely left to the Benefit of the. 

* Law and the regular Courfe of Juftice, with- 

* out Interruption or Check from the Parliament, 

* except in cafe of Things done upon the Exi- 

* gency of War, or for the Service and Benefit of 
4 the Parliament and Kingdom in relation to the 
4 War, or otherwife in due Purfuance and Exe- 

* cution of Ordinances or Orders of Parliament. 

G g z * Mwe 

468 *The Parliamentary H i s T o RY 

An. 2.3 C. L < More particularly, under this Head, we cannot 
' but defire that all fuch as are imprifoned for any 
' pretended Mifdemeanour, may be put into a fpee- 
dy Way for a juft Hearing and Trial ; and fuch 
as (hall appear to have been unjuftly and unduly 
imprifoned, may, with their Liberty, have feme 
' reafonable Reparation according to their Suffer- 
ings and the Demerit of their Oppreflbrs. 
VII. ' That the large Power given to Commit- 
' tees, or Deputy-Lieutenants, during the late 

* Times of War and Diftraftion, may be fpeedily 
' taken into Confideration ; that fuch of thole 
' Powers as appear not neceflary 'o be continued 

* may be taken away, and fuch of them as are 
' neceflary, may be put into a regulated Way, and 

* left to as little Arbitrarinefs as the Nature and 
' Neceflity of the Things wherein they, are conver- 

* fant will bear. 

* VIII. * We could wifh that the Kingdom might 

* both be righted, and publickly fatisfied, in point 

* of Accounts, for the vaft Sums that have been 

* levied and paid; as alfo in divers other Things 

* wherein the Common-wealth may be conceived 
c to have been wronged or abufed : But we are 
' loth to prefs any thing that may tend to lengthen 
' out further Difputes or Contentions, but rather 
' fuch as may tend to a fpeedy and general Com- 
' pofure and quieting of Men's Minds, in order to 

* Peace; for which Purpofe we further propofe, 

IX. That public Juftice being firft fatisfied, by 
c fome few Examples to Pofterity out of the worft 

* ofexcepted Perfons and other Delinquents ha- 
c \ing pafi. their Compofitions, fome Courfe may 
be taken, by a general At of Oblivion, or other- 

* wife, whereby the Seeds of future War or Feuds, 
e either to the prefent Age or Pofterity, may the 
' better be taken away ; by eafmg thatSenfe of pre- 
' fent, and fatisfying thofe Fears of future, Ruin 
6 or Undoing to Perfons of Families, which may 

* drive Men into any defperate Ways for Self-pre- 

* lervation and Remedy ; and by taking away the 

' private 


c private Remembrances and Diftinitions of Par- A 

* ties, as far as may ftand with Safety to the Rights 
fc and Liberties we have hitherto fought for. 

4 There are, befides thefe, many particular Th'ngs 

* which we could wifl) to be done, and fome to be 
' undone, all in order ftill to the fame End of 

* common Right, Freedom, Peace, and Safety: 
' but thefe Propofals aforegoing being the principal 

* Things we bottom and infift upon, we fhall, as 

* we have faid before, for our Parts, acquiefce for 

* other Particulars in the Wifdnm and Juftice ot 

* Parliament. And whereas it hath been fuggeft- 
' ed or fufpec~led that, in our late or prefent Pro- 

* ceedings, our Defign is to overthrow Prefbytery, 
' or hinder the Settlement thereof, and to have the 

* Independent Government fet up, we do clearly 

* difclaim and difavow any fuch Defign : We only 

* defire that, according to the Declarations promi- 
' fing a Provifionfor tender Confciencies, there may 
be fome effectual Couife taken, according to the 
' Intent thereof, that fuch who, upon confci- 
c entious Grounds, may differ from the eftabliftied 
' Forms, may not for that be debarred from the 

* common Rights, Liberties, or Benefits belong- 

* ing equally to all, as Men and Members of the 
1 Common-wealth, while they live foberly, honeft- 
' ly, inoffenfively towards others, and peacefully 
and faithfully towards the State. 

We have thus freely and clearly declared the 

* Depth and Bottom of our Hearts and Defires, in 

< order to the Rights, Liberties, and Peace of the 

* Kingdoms j wherein we appeal to all Men, whe- 
ther we feek any Thing of Advantage to our- 
' felves, or any particular Party whatever, to the 
' Prejudice of the whole; and the Things we wilh 
' and feek do not equally concern and conduce to 

* the Good of others, in common with ourfelves, 

< according to the Sincerity of our Defires and In- 

* tentions ; wherein, as we have already found the 
' concurrent Senfe of the People in divers Counties, 
' by their Petitions to the General, exprefling th,eir 
deep Refentment of thefe Things, and pteiling u* 

G g 3 t 

470 f fke Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. 1. 4 to ftand for the Intereft of the Kingdom therein; 

^ 7 '_i ' fo we lhall wifh and expect to find the unani- 

7^1 ' mous Concurrence of all others that are equally 

. * concerned with us in thefe Things, ^and vvifliwell 

* to the Public. 

' And fo (trufting in the Mercy and Goodnefs 
e of God to pafs by and help any Failings or In- 
' firmities of ours in the Carriage or Proceedings 
' hereupon) we (hall humbly caft ourfelves and 
' the Bufuiefs upon his good Pleafure, depending 

* only on his Prefence and BlefTmg for an happy 

* I Hue to the Peace and Good of this poor King- 

* dom, in the Accomplifhment whereof we ck-fire 
''and hope that God will make you blefled Inftm- 
< ments.' 

Next follow 

the HEADS of a CHARGE, delivered in tie Nam* 
of the Arm\, under the Command of Sir Thomas 
Fairfax, unto the CcnmiJJicnen of 
s, Ju 

the Army ct St. Albans, June 14, 1647-, 
fi be by them fent upagainfi Dentil Holies, Efq; 
Sir Philip Stapylton, Sir William Lewis, Sir 
John Clotworthy, Sir William Waller, Sir John 
Mavnard, Knights, Major-General Maffie, John 
Glynn, Efq ; Rcccrdtr cf London, Cslonel Walter 
Long, Cclonel Edward Harlcy, and Anthony 
Nichols, Efq\ Members bf the Hortfe of Ccm- 
snx, jointly or fever ally, 

*~1~"HAT, contrary ro the Truft rcpofed in 
Heads of a < J^ -them, the Perfons above-named, Mem- 

bcrs of tie Houfe of 

gainfteleven ' * feverally invaded, infringed, cr endeavoured to 
Members of the c overthrow, the Rights and Liberties of the Sub- 
JHouteofCom- 4 ^ of this Nation? 5n 2rbitrar ^ v i o l ent> or 

oppreifive Ways ; and in this Cafe, where no 
' Pretence was, or could be, of the Exigence of 

* War, or other Necefiity, which mightjuftify or 
' excufe the fame. And they have likeviiie endea- 

* voured, by indircdt and corrupt Practices, to 

* delay rnd cbftruift Juftke, to the great Damage 


of ENGLAND. 471 

* and Prejudice of divers of th- poor Commoners An. ^3 cr. J. 

* of '>i-A/;r7 petitioning for rr.c f'.r.K-. t ... '-y 7 ' J 

2. c That this Army bcir.^, until! the Middle June. 
of Mnrc'ii laft, in a quiet" an 1 orderly Condition 
and Pofture, free from any Colour or Appearance 
of Di Item per or Diforder, or from Offence to 
any, and rea-ly, upon reafonnble Satisfaction in 
their neceffory Dues for Service p.ift, either quietly 
to have difba tided, or clfe to have engaged in 
the Service 'of Ireland; the Perfons above-named 
have jointly or feverally endeavoured by fulfs 
Informations, Mifreprefentations, or fcandalous 
Suggeftions againft the Army, to beget Mifun- 
derftaridings, Prejudices or Jealdufies in the Par- 
liament againft the Army; and by deluding, 
furprizing, or otherways abufing the Parliament, 
to engage the Authority of Parliament to fuch Pro- 
ceedings, as to put infufferabl-; Injuries, Abu- 
les and Provocations upon the Army; thereby 
to provoke and put the Army into a Diftemper, 

* and to difoblige and difcouraije the fame from any 

* further Engagement in the Parliament's Service; 
' by all which, and other the like Particulars and 

* Proceedings of theirs, the Pe^ceofthe Kingdom 

* hath been imminently endangered, and the Re- 
4 lief of Ireland retarded. 

3. ' That whereas the Parliament might pther- 

* wife have had out of this Army an entire Force, 

* and anfwerable to their Proportion, defigrved to 

* have engaged for Ireland zs aforefaid, under their 
' old Officers and Conduct, the Perfons above-na- 
c med, for Advancement of their own Ends, Faction 

* and Defign, to the Prejudice of the Public, have, 
4 jointly or feverally, under Pretence of the Service 

* of Ireland^ endeavoured by fuch evil Practices 

* as before, to break and pull this Army in Pieces, 

* to the weakening of the Power, and endanger- 

* ing the Safety, of the Parliament and Kingdom; 
4 and have lil:ewife endeavoured to put the Parlia- 

* mcnt arid Kingdom to the Trouble, Hazard, 

* Delay, and valt Expenceof railing a new F^rce 

* as for that Service. 

G g 4 4. * That 

*fbe Parliamentary H j s 7 o a v 

4. c That with the breaking of this Army a* 
aforefaid, they have in the like Manner endea- 
voured, under the Pretence of the Service of 
' Ireland, to rajfe a new Force as before, to ad- 

* vance and carry on defperate Defigns of their 
1 own in England^ to the Prejudice of the Parlia- 
' rr.ent and Public; and, in purfusnce of the fume, 
' have endeavoured to divert the Forces engaged as 

* for Ireland unto fuch their Purpofe as aforefaid 

* here in England; and have in like Manner endea- 
' voured to have gained a Power from the Parlia-- 

* ment for themfelves, or fome of them, of di- 
c verting or mifemploying thofe Forces aforefaid, 
f and to raife new Forces, under Pretence to guard 
' the Parliament ; and, not having obtained that, 

* have, in like Manner, endeavoured privately to lift 

* and engage Officers and Soldiers, or procure them 
' to be lifted and engaged, without Authority of Par- 
' liament, for the raifmg of and embroiling this 
.' Kingdom in a new and bloody War, arid to in- 
' icrrupt and hinder the fettling and fecuring the 
' Rights, Liberties, and Peace of the Kingdom ; 
c and for the fettling, upholding, and protecting of 
' themselves and their Accomplices in their unjuft, 

* opprefiive. and factious Defigns and Proceedings. 
5. That they have jointly and fcvcrally invited, 

4 encouraged, abetted, or countenanced clivers Re* 

* formadoes, and other Officers and Soldiers, tu- 
4 multuouily and violently to gather together at 

* Wefta/i'infier^ to affright and aflault the Members 

* of Parliament in Paflhge to and from the Houfe; 

* to ofer Violence to the Hct.'fc itftlf ; and, by fuch 
1 Violence, Outrages, and Threats, to awe and 
' inforce the Parliame"nt. 

* The feveral Heads of Charge the Army will, 

* (by fuch Solicitors as they fliall appoint, whert 
6 the Hpufe of Commons fhall admit thereof^ 

* ma'.re good, in Particularr, each Head againft 

* feme of the Perfons, and fome one Head or 

* more zgainft each of the Perfons ; and (hall 

* flicrtly give in the Icvcrr.l Purticulars againft each 
& I'crfoii rtfj ic.ivcly, which fliall be made good 

- 5 ' * by 

of E N G L A N D. 473 

by Proofs -, the Army defiring to fave and reftrvc An - ^ C-r. I. 
to themfelves the Liberty of exhibiting any fur- l6 ^ 7 ' 

* ther Charge againft all or any of thcfaid P<_. . ." 

jf PAPER delhir.ed to the Right ILnsursble \ 
COMMISSIONERS of Parliament n-iv with the 
sfrmy, June 15, 1647, from bis Excellency Sir 
Thomas Fairfax, and the Army under bh Csin- 


"""HAT, in purftiance of theReprefenta- 

tions delivered in, we have prepared a 

* Charge aguinft divers Perfons, Members of the 
Houfe of Commons, (to whom many Paffages 
c in the Hud Reprefentatjon do relate] which we 
c have delivered in to befpeeded to the Parliament j 
' arid fhr.l , v.hen the Parliament have admitted 
' thereof, appoint fit Perfons on our and the fcing- 
' dom's Behalf to profecute and make good the 
' fame. 

II. That if the Parliament fliall pleafe to ad- 
5 mit thefe Things into Debate and Confideration, 

* at the Defue of the Army in behalf of themfdves 
' and the Kingdom, and to proceed thereupon for a 

* general Satisfaction therein, we fhall then defire, 

i. * That the Perfons impeached in the faid 

' Charge may be forthwith lufpendcd from fitting 

^ in the Houfe, without which \ye cannot reafon- 

* ably expedl fuc :> Proceedings upon any the Things 

* we have propofed, as may probabi)- bring the 

* fame to an happv or tim::ly Ifiue to the Kingdom 

* or ourfelves ; or as may prevent the prelcm De- 
' figns and Practices fo imminently endangering 
4 the Peace of this Kingdom, if the fame Perfons 
' (who have notorioufly appeared moft active in 

* all the late Proceedings., to the Prejudice and 
' Provocation of the Army, and hazarding thus 
4 far the Peace of the Kingdom) (hall contiTme in 
1 the fame'Pov/er, and Judges of thofe Things rela- 

* ting to the Army's Satisfaction and Peace of" the 

* Kingdom. 

2. That 

*The Parliamentary HISTORY 

2. e That there may be a Month's Pay at Icaft 
immediately Cent down to the Army for a prefent 
Supply, out of which the Army flull pay four- 
teen Days Quarter for Time to come, and the 
other fourteen Days Pay fhall be accounted as 
Part of Arrears : And to this we mufl defife a 
prefent Refolution to be with us on Thttrfday 
next, by Noon at fartheft. 

3. ' That if the Officers and Soldiers of the 
Army who have engaged for Ireland^ or thofe 
who have deferted the Army to come to London^ 
have fmce then received more than a Month's 
Pay, there may be fo much more Money fent 
down to the Army, above the Month's Pay be- 
fore mentioned, as may make up that Month's 
Pay to the Army, equal to what fuch Officers and 
Soldiers have fo received at London or elfewhere. 

4. ' That no Officers or Soldiers who have fo 
' deferted the Army (hall have any more paid them 

* as for Arrears, untill the reft of the Army fhall 

* firft be fatisfied in poi%t of their Arrears. 

5. c Whereas there have been feveral Defigns 

* and Endeavours, without Authority from the 
' Parliament, to raifc and lift new Forces in this 
' Kingdom, to draw together the Forces engaged 

* for Ireland^ and march them towards London^ 
' and other fecret Practices to engage the King- 

* dom in a feccnd War ; we further defire that, 

* during the Debate and Tranfa&ion of this Bu- 
' fmefs betwixt the Parliament and the Army, the 
4 Parliament would not fuffer any new Forces to 

* beraifed within this Kingdom, or any Forces to 

* be invited or admitted out of any other Kingdom 
' into this ; or any Thing elfe to be done that 
4 may carry the Face of a new War, or of Prepa- 

* rations thereunto, which may endanger or inter- 

* rupt the prefent Proceedings to the Settlement of 

* the Liberties and Peace ot this Kingdom. 

6. ' That the Parliament would be pleafed, 
c without Delay, to put the Things contained in 

* our feveral Reprefcntations and Papers already 
' given in, into a fpeedy Way of Refolution and 

' Difpatch, 

ef E N G L A N D. 

e Difpatch, the prcfent Pofturc and Condition of 

* the Kingdom and Armv, as alfo of his Mujefiy 

* himfclf, not admitting Delays.' 

This bold Step of the Army muft make both Whereupon both 
Houfes tremble ; but, in order to flop the Torrent, JJ^J^. 
they went eagerly on in paffing Ordinances, aj?3 JTr, made 4fc* 
giving Orders for paying of large Sums of Money the Anny. 
to the Officers and Soldiers ; which, as the Se- 
quel will {hew, did but fcrve to make them more 
infolent. To give fome Inftances of the -pafiive 
Difpofition the Parliament was reduced to, they 
this Day joined in revoking fevcral Orders lately 
;nacie ; as one of the I2th Infhmt, by a Commit- 
tee of the Lords and Commons, and the Com- 
mittee of the Militia of London; alfo the Orders 
made for drawing together any of the Forces out 
of the feveral adjacent Counties for their own De- 
fence ; and likewife an Order for defiring Colo- 
nel Dsllntr^ and other Colonels, to bring in Lifts 
of the Names and Qualities of fu,ch Gentlemen 
and Reformaclo Officers, as they fhould find wil- 
ling to engage in their Service. All which {hews 
plainly, that the Parliament then thought they laid 
:.t the Mercy of the Army. 

J if fie 17. A Letter from the Sects CommiflionersThe Scts Com- 
tfas, this Day, delivered to the Lords, importing,.